Newspaper Page Text
&o. 2,198—No. 57,633 _TEN CENTS,_„„
TelephoneStrike Here Settled, But New Snag Arises 4 *•* Equipment Workers To Redouble Picket • Lines Around Plants The 41-day strike of Washing ton area telephone operators was settled yesterday, but whether they would return to work at 6 a.m. tomorrow was placed in doubt as equipment workers made plans to reinforce their picket lines. The operators, members of the Washington Telephone Traffic Union, were granted $3 to $4 weeklj pay raises and agreed to stall switchboards tomorrow. A compli cation, developed early today, how ever, When George Weaver, presi dent of the National Association ol VsUlIUUUXUUCtt/lUIiO MUin ers, accused the Western Electric Co. “an open declaration of war' and-directed his members to mar picket lines in maximum strength Although their dispute has beer with Western Electric, the equip ment workers have maintained pickets around properties of tele ' phone companies of the Bell System Including the Chesapeake & Poto mac Telephone Co. here. They were expected to increase their number! in conformity with Mr. Weaver’! order. WTTU Recognition Expected. Mrs. Mary E. Gannon, WTTt president, said members would be advised to respect Western Electric workers’ picket lines if they are maintained tomorrow. This advice will be given when they assemble in Turner’s Arena at 2 p.m. today to hear "settlement terms, she said Settlement of the operators’ dis pute was achieved at ( 4:15 p.m.. when union and company officials signed a memorandum in the May flower Hotel. End of the strike was announced by Conciliation Commissioner Elmer T. Bell. With the local picture apparently cleared, the equipment workers’ leader announced his union's ne gotiations with Western Electric, in progress here, had reached an “impasse.” He said the problems Were company proposals for a “fish hook no-strike clause” and wage provisions below the “pattern” of recent settlements within the Bell System. Mr. Weaver directed his members to man fully again the picket lines which had been abandoned recently in many cities and called for “the aid of all legitimate labor unions in our struggle.” New Jersey Responds. The Associated l?ress reported from Newark, N. J„ that Russel H. Bridge, president of the New Jer sey Association of Communications Equipment Workers, made an im mediate response by calling an emergency meeting of his union which, ne saw. woum turn out m “full strength” to picket the phone exchanges. “New Jersey may have seen pic keting before, but it is really going to see some picketing now,” he told newsmen after the session. Mr. Bridge said the ACEW local, which has 1.258 members, was told bv Mfc Weaver that the company refused further wage discussions in “an attempt to force the union to accept a discriminatory no-strike clause whereby they could discrim inate against the employe in any manner including firing for minor items. It is a union-busting clause. * worse than the clauses on which other unions which have not settled 'are deadlocked. "It is essential that we have mass picketing at strategic locations Monday morning, to be maintained 24 hours a day. We are now fight ing for basic union principles for the future welfare of each and every member. This is a nationwide tie up of facilities all over again.” Maryland Operators Take Poll. In Maryland the reverse of the national trend toward settlement by Bell Co. workers was true. Tele phone switchboard operators throughout the State, except for the Washington suburban area, quit their jobs tor about two hours last night to attend meetings called by the Maryland Traffic Union for a poll on a possible strike, impairing communication service for a time The unionists number about 4,200 and the Chesapeake & Potoma< Telephone Co. of Baltimore city sale - their jobs were filed by supervisory ! personnel and other employes. Mrs. Margaret C. Weiss, president of the Maryland Telephone Traffi( UlilVJll »*UU 1CSUHO V/a vait wx the proposed strike would not b< known until tomorrow. The oper ators. whose salaries range fron $28 to $42 weekly, are seeking a $ raise. The company has offered $3 During the recent communication! tieup. the Maryland operators wen not officially on strike but respectei picket lines set up by unions takini part in that stoppage. Agreement Here to Be Signed. Representatives of the C. & F and the operators’ union here wil sign a formal agreement at 11 ajn today in the Mayflower Hotel. Th WTTU agreement was the sec ond District settlement engineerei by Commissioner Bell, and it wa his arbitration proposal on the ques tion .of employes discharged durini (See TELEPHONE, Page A-6) 6 U. S. Citizens Detainee After Ship Is Intercepted By the Associated Press JERUSALEM. May 17. — SI United States citizens, presumabl seamen, on the intercepted refuge ship “Hatikva" which was escorte into Haifa Harbor with 1,000 uncer tilled Jewish refugees aboard, wer reported officially tonight to hav been detained by Palestine polic for further questioning. The Palestine government sai that as soon as the Hatikva entere the harbor under British warshi escort, the refugees were place aboard four transport vessels an taken to detention camps in Cypru: i President Reports His Mother Makes'Terrific Uphill Fight' 94-Year-Old Mrs. Truman Improves Slightly After Son Flies to Bedside at Grandview By Joseph A. Fox Stor Staff Correspondent KANSAS CITY, Mo., May 17.— President Truman,' after a day spent in Grandview at the bed side of his 94-year-old mother, Mrs. Martha E. Truman, said tonight that she was making “a terrific uphill fight” for her life. ' “i wouldn’t be here if there wasn’t some improvement,” he told re porters, as he came into the Hotel Muehlbach. He went to bed immediately in a penthouse suite in the hotel. Brig. Gen. Wallace Graham, the White House physician, said earlier: “Mrs. Truman is much stronger, her talk is stronger and she is feeling much better.” President Truman flew to Grand view from Washington this morning after receiving word that his I mother, who seemingly was re 'loo Much War Talk' 1 • In Russia and U. S. Decried by Byrnes Tells Entertainment Group Only Statesmen's Blunder Could Bring New Conflict (Text of Byrnes’ speech on Page AS) Former Secretary of State Byrnes believes that in both Russia and the United States “there is too much talk about war and too little talk about j peace.” The people of neither country want to go to war and only blund iering leadership could bring about i another conflict, he said in a state ! ment made public last night. Expressing confidence that "we can overcome” difficulties in the way of peace, he called on both Russia and the United States to ; realize that neither can dictate I the terms of peace and that "there I is no place for the ‘take it or leave lit’ attitude.” Mr. Byrnes spoke for a gathering of Variety Clubs International as i he received the 1946 award which that organization of persons in tne field of entertainment present* an nually to some person who has "helped to jnake this world a bet ter world.” Presentation Made Thursday. His speech and the presentation of the award actually took place ] privately here on Thursday. At that time the* entire affair was filmed j for showing to the Variety Club's dinner last night in Hollywood. It was Mr. Byrnes’ first major i public pronouncement on foreign policy since he turned over the ! State Department to Gen. George C. Marshall early this year, al though the former Secretary has testified at the Capitol on the Ital ian peace treaty. In saying that great powers should not be too stubborn in their demands, Mr. Byrnes declared that i "in this imperfect world there is no perfect peace.” I He urged that the people of the United States "not demand per I fectionism.’’ Equality in Negotiations Urged. : Calling on the Allied powers to | “negotiate with each other on terms ! of equality,” he added: “They are not called upon to sac rifice fundamental principles but they are called upon to make wise decisions as to what are questions of principles and what are questions of policy.” (Secretary Marshall, returning from the Moscow Conference of For eign Ministers, blamed its failure to write German and Austrian peace treaties on the Russians and said: “We must not compromise on great principles in order to achieve agree iment for agreement's sake. At the i r.niv.n fimn lira mucf cinparplv t.rv t/1 I understand the point of view of those with whom we differ.”) Believes Peace Can Be Kept. Mr. Byrnes summed up his views | thusly: i “If war should come, it will not be because the people want war, but be j cause of the incapacity of those who control the governments of the world. “I do not believe there exists such bankruptcy of statesmanship. I deny that conflict is inevitable. On the contrary’, I believe we can make the peace and we can keep the peace. I realize the difficulties. But I we can overcome those difficulties.”' The former Secretary was intro duced by Chief Justice Vinson who said of Mr. Byrnes: “He has taught us the wisdom of firmness and patience in the pursuit of peace and the well-being of com I j mon folks.” covering after breaking her hip three months ago, took a turn for the worse. Charles G. Ross, White House press secretary, who accompanied the President, told reporters that Mrs. Truman “had gotten quite a “lift” out of her son’s presence. But he answered, “I should say yes,” when asked if Mrs. Truman’s condition is considered “serious.” "It’s bound to be—she’s 94,” Mr. Ross added. Gen. Graham, who with two Missouri physicians has been in at tendance on Mrs. Truman since she broke her right hip in a fall February 13, had hoped to have her getting around in a wheel chair by Monday in view of the re markable recuperative powers she had displayed. Her physicians were especially (See TRUMAN, Page A-3) World Trade Agency Is Urged by Marshall To Balk Germs of War Success at Geneva Parley Hinges on Co-operation Of 18 Nations, He Warns ly tha Associated Fr«s Secretary of State Marshall last night urged agreement on a charter for the proposed In ternational Trade Organization as a “great step toward economic stability and the common se curity.” “Economic conflict and trade wars," Gdh. Marshall said, “invari-' ably set the stage for political dis- j unity." The Secretary’s statement was for! the opening of World Trade Week. I He termed its keynote, “World Trade j United Nations,” particularly ap propriate for “a time When the need for unity among the peoples is more vital than ever before in history.” Co-operation Held Essential. Although the United States took the lead in bringing about the cur rent intemaional effort at Geneva to lower trade barriers and aerree on a final draft foe; the projected world trade organization. Gen. Marshall said success would depend upon the co-operation of all the1 18 trading nations represented. The State Department at the same time published a report from the Geneva meeting which said the United States had opened negotia tions with 10 /of the 15 countries with which traie talks were origin ally scheduled.] By the end of May it expects 100 Separate negotiations to be in progress between pairs of countries represented at Geneva. The progress made, the report ad vised, “indicates the desire of the countries present to successfully conclude the negotiations within a few months.” By contrast, single trade agreements between the United States and other countries have taken as long as a year for drafting. Clayton Due Back Tomorrow. William L. Clayton, Undersecre tary of State for Economic Affairs, who heads the American group, is expected from Geneva probably to morrow for consultation with Gen. Marshall.* Representative Jenkins, Republi can, of Ohio issued a statement during the day that Mr. Clayton should "stay home until he has put our own house in order.” Mr. Jenkins, a member of the xiuuoc Tf ojo auu ivjitauo vvuuiukwu which held some hearings on the (See TRADE, Page A-8) Man Dies as Boat Upsets in Potomac, 2 Others Safe A young man was .drowned, but two companions reached shore safely last night when their rented rowboat capsized in the Potomac River about a mile above Key Bridge, police reported. . The victim was identified as Michael J. Kacer, about 24. of 1624 Eighteenth street N.W, an em ploye of the American Stores Co. James W. Crawford, 40, of 1721 First street E.W., and Miss Virginia Dabney, 28, of 4125 Connecticut avenue N.W., were treated in Arling ton Hospital and released. The accident occurred near the Three Sisters' Islands. Harbor police were dragging the river last night, but had not recovered the victim's body. At the Eighteenth street address, it was said Mr. Kacer had lived alone and had no kr.own relatives here. He was from Carbondale, Pa, it was said, and his mother, Mrs. Frank Kacer, lived there. Catholics May Divide Dioceses Of Washington and Baltimore By George Kennedy 1 The Catholic diocese of Washing s ton may be separated from the his ■ toric diocese of Baltimore as a re ; suit of the death of the most Rev. ' Michael J. Curley, Archbishop of Baltimore and Washington, accord I ing to speculation last night among 1 Catholic plergymen. Archbishop Curley died late Fri day night from a cerebral hemor rhage in a Baltimore hospital. He had been in ill health for several J years: He was 67. 1: His death leaves two archepisco : i pal sees vacant. Both Baltimore . and Washington are archdioceses. ‘ The Baltimore see is the oldest . Catholic bishopric in the country. e It formerly included Washington. The Washington archdiocese was 1 created in 1940. j Pope Pius XII may appoint two j archbishops to fill the poets thus i separating the dioceseses. When 1 j the Washington diocese was created Jit was announced that Archbishop > 1 ' .Ap Curley would have life tenure of both sees. - The Pope will be advised by the Most Rev. Amleto Cicognani, aposto lic delegate to the United States. Bishop Cicognani, a Washington resident for more than a decade, is familiar with the situation here and the ' desire on the part of many American Catholic clergymen that the Nation’s capital be a separate diocese headed by an outstanding leader of the church. Bishop Cicognani will officiate at a pontificial funeral mass at 10:30 am. Thursday in the Baltimore Cathedral. A pontificial mass will be said at the same time in St. Matthew’s Cathedral, Washington. Archbishop Curley will be laid in a crypt under the main altar beside his predecessor, James Cardinal Gib bons. The Most Rev. John M. Mc Namara, pastor of St. Gabriel’s Church in Washington and senior auxiliary bishop of the archidoceses, (See CURLEY, Page A-8) * Bates Proposes X Wider Base for D. C. Income Tax Levy Is Sought on Persons Living Here Most of Year By Don S. Warren A revised District income tax will be urged this week by Rep resentative Bates, Republican, of Massachusetts, co-chairman of the Joint Fiscal Subcommittee, with the objective of removing inequities from the present law and the hope of staving off pos sibilities of a sales tax here. The basic principle of the new draft, he said, would be to require all narcnnc Hvinrr Vioro for* qc mnph as seven months out of the year to pay the District income levy un less thev can show they have paid either State income or intangible personal property taxes elsewhere. “Such a measure would remove many inequities that now exist in the District law,” he said. “And it would embrace a great many who pay no taxes either here or else where.” He voiced belief such a revision would bring thousands of additional persons onto the District tax rolls. - Bill to Come Up Soon. The revised bill, prepared by Corporation Counsel Vernon E. West and his tax assistant, Harry L. Walker, is to be considered at an early meeting of the Fiscal Sub committee of the House and Senate District Committees. I Mr. Bates, jointly in charge of the revenue program with Senator Cain, Republican of Washington, said he had hopes a cut of $3,000, 000 to $4,000,000 could be made in the pending $95,000,000 District budget. Hearings on the supply bill are to be started next Friday be fore the Horan Subcommittee of the House Appropriations Committee. Postponement of at least some ot the capital improvement program, be declared, is almost mandatory. He said he doubted the wisdom of lumping a large number of projects Into the program for the next two Dr three years, with construction :osts still high and uncertain. “Wo -met. rnn’t. rin It.” he de dared. If District costs can be slashed, he added, it might permit a drop ping of some of the <proposed new District taxes. Regardless of this, however, the present income levy should be simplified and made more equitable, he declared. He repeated his belief a sales tax is the “least desirable form of taxa tion.” It Is a key-element in the pending set of bills. - - He protested that only some 88, 000 District residents now are mak ing income returns to the District, although he said he was advised 282,000 giving Washington as their place of residence made Federal in come tax returns. "Probably many of the other 200,000 persons pay no State income taxes at all,” he said. The subcommittee recently di rected the corporation counsel to redraft the income bill. The Com missioners had sought a new law even broader than the one now awaiting consideration, but Senator Cain and Mr. Bates feared it would fail of Congressional approval. With few exceptions, it would have per mitted the District to tax incomes earned here. This raised Congres sional fears of “double taxation” since thousands of persons living here claim legal 'residence in the States. “Domicile” Basis Eliminated. Mr. Bates said the substitute bill, while also eliminating the restrictive “domicile” basis of the present Dis trict law, “would involve no possi bilities of double taxation” or con tests with nearby States over taxa tion of the incomes of persons work ing in the District but living beyond its boundaries. While making the levy applicable to all actually living in the District .. . __ XUI CC'Cli iUUUUlO V* U1UAV year, Mr. Bates explained, the new draft would exempt both those whl can show they paid a State income tax or an intangible tax “back home." The intangible levy reaches some of tjie same income sources as an in come tax. The District’s old intangi ble levy was dropped when the in come tax was adopted. Cltirk Leaves France For New Post in U. S. By tht Associated Press PARIS, May 17.—Gen. Mark Clark, former commander of United States occupation forces in Austria and wartime commander of the United States 5th Army, left Cherbourg to day for New York aboard the trans Atlantic liner America. Accompanied by his wife and daughter. Gen. Clark left Europe to assume his new duties as com mander of the 6th Army, with head quarters at the Presidio in San Francisco, Calif. Operation Torch . . . Gen. Mark W. Clark has written one of the great ad venture stories of the war. It begins in tomorrow’s Star. Be sure to read it. 1 When word reached Gen. Eisenhower in London that he was to send a small party to the shores of North Africa to meet loyal Frenchmen and plan the African invasion, Gen. Clark was designated to carry out the. mission. He has written of it in exciting detail—his conversations with Churchill, his flight to Gibraltar, the journey by sub marine to keep a rendezvous, the raid by French police on the meeting place, the escape, the subsequent Darlan episode and other facts hitherto untold. There are six articles, beginning tomorrow. Follow them daily on the Editorial Page of » * I >1111 MB > 1 _> I • , ^ A Study in Contrasts 'Voice of America' Indorsed To Give Fair Picture to World Expansion Urged by Committee of Eight Leading Publishers, Radio Men and Educators Expansion of the State De partment’s ‘Voice of America” 1 broadcasting is necessary to 1 avoid a ‘‘serious setback” in this I country’s relations with the rest of the world, an advisory com mittee reported to the depart ment last night. The committee, composed of eight eminent publishers, radio officials and educators, asserted that funds now available for the department’s broadcasting “are inadequate to do the job required by the national interest.” “Now, more than at almost any time in our history,” the committee added, “a clear and fair picture of America and American policy should be heard abroad. “No one will do this job for us. RepublicansConfidenl Senate Will Approve July Income Tax Cut Finance Committee Report Predicts 5-BiJlion Margin For Debt, Contingenies By J. A. O'Leary Republican strategists were confident last night of winning Senate approval for July income tax cuts, which the Senate Finance Committee majority re port yesterday predicted would still leave $5,200,000,000 for debt retirement and contingencies in the new fiscal year. This rosy forecast on the prob able surplus, however, assumes Con gress will achieve the Senate’s econ omy goal by lopping $4,500,000,000 from President Truman’s $37,500, 000,000 budget when all the appro priation bills have been passed on June 30. It is predicated, also, on the national income remaining at a $170,000,000.000-annual level during the coming fiscal year. Chairman Taft of the Senate Re publican Policy Committee said yes terday the Senate Republicans may auanaon ezxorus iu agicc wn/x* House on how much the President’s budget can be cut and go ahead working toward their own $4,500, 000,000 savings goal. House leaders proposed a $6,000,000,000 cut. The Democrats are prepared to challenge GOP ability to save as much as $4,500,000,000 in pending (See O'LEARY, Page A-4) Yugoslav Legislator Seized on Spy Charge By lh* Associated Press BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, May 17. —The Information Ministry an nounced today that Dragolujun Jovanovic, opposition member of parliment and the national presi dium, had been arrested on charges of working for “certain foreign spy services." The announcement said that the arrest had been approved by the presidium. This indicated that Jovanovic had been expelled from that body, since presidium mem ! bers are immune to arrest. We must do it ourselves. The job involves the use of many media radio, books, motion pictures, the press—but among them radio seems today the most critically important for the projection of a full and fair picture of the United States.” The advisory group was named a ! year ago by William Benton, Assist ant Secretary of State in charge of the program. It includes Mark Ethridge, publisher of the Louisville Courier-Journal; Gardner Cowles, jr., president of the Des Moines Reg ister and Tribune; Dean Harold Lass well of the Yale Law School; Roy E. Larsen, president of Time, Inc.; the Rev. Robert I. Gannon, president of Fordham University; Edward R. Murrow, vice president of the Columbia Broadcasting Sys (See BROADCAST, Page A-5) Reece Says Truman Keeps Prices Up for Political Advantage Martin in Houston Talk Declares G. 0. P. Congress Lives Up to Pledges ■ By Gould Lincoln Carroll Reece, chairman of the Republican National Committee, charged last night that the Tru man administration, by oppos ing efforts of the Republican Congress to cut Government ex penditures, reduce taxes and pass remedial labor legislation, is doing all in its power to “keep prices high.” “The Truman administration's de termination to keep prices high in the hope of reaping political ad vantage is becoming more apparent every day,” Mr. Reece asserted in a letter to Republican Party officials and workers throughout the country. “On the basis of recent statements by the President and other Demo crat spokesmen,” he added, "it would appear that the administration’s strategy for 1947 includes stubborn resistance to every measure pro posed by the Republican congress to bring down the cost of living, while at the same time endeavoring to blame Congress for rising price levels. It will be a good trick if the administration gets away with it, but it is inconceivable that the voters will be fooled.” At the same time, in Houston, Tex., House Speaker Martin delivered an address defending the course of the Republican Congress. He said the Republicans were living up to their campaign pledges. Mr. Martin said the House has shown its determination to maintain the solvency of the country by the cuts it has made in appropriation bills already passed. He said re ductions made by the House below administration requests include the following: "45.3 per cent in the Interior ap propriation bill; 5.3 per cent in the (See LINCOLN, Page A-5) DAR Continues Its Racial Policy iOn Rentina of Constitution Hall Continuation of the "white artists only” policy in renting Constitution Hall was voted unanimously in executive session yesterday by the Board of Management of the Daughters of the American Revolu tion. The action was taken on the recommendation of a committee appointed last year to survey the whole subject of rental policies. The recommendation made no spe cific reference to the ban on Negro artists at the Hall, over which con troversy has raged since Marian Anderson was refused permission to use it in 1939. The action Was taken as thou sands of delegates converged on Washington for the 56th Conti nental Congress of the DAR, which convenes here tomorrow tar the first time in six years. No announcement was made of the board's action, but the DAR President General, Mrs. Julius Y. Talmadge, said last night that the committee proposed there should be « . * > " r, *■' ' ■ [jo change in rental .policies. She aid the committee’s recommenda tion was passed unanimously with out discussion. Unless the subject is brought up on fee floor of the DAR congress, it was said, no further action will be taken. That the present rental policy will have the approval of the next DAR administration was in dicated by the fact both candidates [or the office of president general are members of the board. One of the1 candidates. Mrs. Stan ley Thrope Manlove, of Newburgh, N. Y„ said she thought the question svas “something you people hi the District will have to settle." Although there was no official comment on the board's action, some members expressed the opinion the DAR policy was in accord with prevailing segregation practices in the District. Other members pointed out that Negro artists have appeared in the hall from time to time, although (See DAR, Page A-6) t \ Bigger Grain Exports Needed in Next Year, U. S. Survey Shows World Food Supply To Make Little Gain; Loans a Key Factor By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr. The Agriculture Department warned last night that food producing nations will have to make even larger grain ship ments during1 the next 13 months to countries in need. Outlining a grim world food sup ply picture, the department dis closed declines in the grain produc tion of several importing countries and said this would mean “a some what greater movement of grains in international trade during the. coming year if supplies in import ing countries are to be maintained at the relative low letjels of 1946-47.” A survey by the department^ Of fice of Foreign .Agricultural Rela tions summed up the situation this way: "Despite world-wide efforts to in crease production, early crop con ditions in important producing areas indicate the world food supply for the 1947-48 consumption year may be little, if any, larger than in 1946-47.” Loans Still a Key Factor. The department noted that in ternational loans will remain the j "key factor that ultimately will de termine the volume of international! trade in the next crop year.” “With the temporary wartime ex pedients cf lend-lease and UNRRA out of the picture, the volume of foreign imports will depend on the amount of United States funds appropriated for foreign relief, the buy power that importing coun tries can muster out of the re ceipts from their own exports, out of gold and dollar reserves and out of loans,” the department observed. The Senate and House are ex pected to act this week on a con ference report that restored the full $350,000,000 foreign relief fund which the House earlier had cut to $200,000,000. Fresh reports of the acute need abroad were believed re sponsible for the restoration Friday oy conierees. Even though exporting countries may have bumper crops this year, the shortage of transportation facil ities threatens to limit the volume of food product^which can be moved (See WORLD FOOD, Page A-4)~ More Than Inch of Rain Falls During Downpour More than an inch of spring rata came down in last night’s downpour, the heaviest rain Washington has had this year, according to the Weather Bureau. Only .41 of an inch had fallen previously this month. The forecaster said the rainfall had reached at least 1.1 at midnight. More rain is due this afternoon,1 although the temperature is ex pected to reach 85 during the day. Last night the thermometer dipped to 62 after the rainfall. Humidity also is expected to be high^today. Tomorrow, however, it will be fair and cooler, the forecaster said. Report Favors Relieving Chest Of Budget Job Distribution of Funds By Social Agencies Council Urged Distribution of funds to Dis trict welfare agencies by the Council of Social Agencies in stead of by the Community Chest was suggested last night by a citizens committee on the “organization and structure of social work in Washington.” If put in effect, this procedure would ta^ce from the Chest its largest job—deciding how much money should go to each Chest agency. Recommendations of the com mittee, headed by Miss Jane Hoey, director of the Social Security Ad ministration’s Bureau of Public . , . _i_i _ < en Social Survey report on the Chest and Council of Social Agencies. The Social Survey, sponsored by the Council of Social Agencies, hag been making reports on social prob lems ranging from health and wel fare to race relations and labor management affairs in the District, In training its sights on the agency that sponsored it, the Social Survey salted a few words of praise into many pages of criticism. Charges Filed in Report. The body of the report, among other things, Charged that the boards of the Council, Chest and member agencies were not repre sentative of the whole community; that pressure on the part of em ployers and superiors to contribute to the Chest has created resentment of the Chest; that the Council and Chest tend to criticize each other “off-the-record”; that there are in dications of racial discrimination in hiring agency workers and that neither the Chest nor the Chest Federation has any well developed policies on raising or spending money for new buildings. On the last point, the report warned that the absence of such policies "is sure to result in con fusion, waste and unnecessary ex pense in the near future when capital appeals and expenditures, long delayed by war and shortages, will necessarily take place.” The body of the report also crit icized the Council for not taking a public stand in favor of District suffrage. The report said the Council \ had a responsibility to "face. ruuiq| uum mj evwuc: tuxj aim a** questions affecting the social wel fare of the wtnmunity.” 30 * Recommendations Made. Miss Hoey’s committee, in th* course of some 30 recommendations, said consideration should be given to transferring the budget function* of the Chest to the Council “as a metropolitan fund raising organ ization develops and the functions of the Washington Community Chest decrease.” Gardner F. Cook, the technician who wrote the survey report, how ever, stated flatly that the Council “should be able to make the sound est decisions reguarding agency appropriations.” If adminstration of funds also were transfered away from the Chest, Mr. Cook added, “there would be no need for a Washington Chest ” Miss Hoey and the council’s Pub lic Relations Committee, which re leased the report, said it was mads public in order to “make additional » information available” to the 24 member Citizens’ Committee, headed by William E. Leahy, which has been studying Chest operations. Among its recommendations, th* Hoey Committee: 1. Questioned the continued use fulness of the Social Service Ex change, a confidential central reg ister which serves as a clearing house for Information about per sons seeking help. 2. Suggested the possibility of housing some of the Chest agencies under one roof. Nondiscrimination Statement. 3. Urged the development of a metropolitan social welfare council to consider the health and social needs of the metropolitan area and to advise the Community Chest Fed eration on allocating funds to mem ber agencies. 4. Proposed the council get up a statement of principles on union recognition and nondiscrimination in employment in Chest agencies. 5. Urged that qualified member* of various racial groups be em ployed by the Chest, council and all agencies serving the public. 6. Recommended “aggressive ac 11_ft_11__A .11 UV11 Uli WJV pu» V V* VVMMWM malfe sure that all organized groups in the community, especially labor and minority groups, have an op portunity to join the council and be represented on its board. More adequate representation of all groups on the Chest and member agency boards also was recommended. 7. Recommended that the Chest Federation invite Community Chests and Councils, Inc., a national organization, to examine the cam paign structure, personnel and operations of the fund-raising body so the next fund campaign will be more successful. Public Solicitation Low. 8. Urged the council to renew its efforts to get a law requirf&g a license for public solicitation of funds in the District. 9. Proposed hiring an expert to advise the federation on campaigns and outlays for new building projects of member agencies. 10. Asserted that if the council takes over the Chest's budget job, it should have the authority to judge disbursing funds. This recommenda tion added that standards for mem* bership should include an agree ment by the agencies to submit re ports required by the council and (See SOCIAL SURVEY, Page A-«> Complete Index, Pg. A-2 Radio Programs, Pg. C-8 , !