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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 19, 1947, Image 1

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Waathir Forecast ^ Guide !*§• Itaadart
Sunny today, high near 86 degrees. Clear B 'l P**, Page.
tonight, low about 62. Tomorrow warm and M4 ■MKmm' ' Amusements Obituary.A-16
humid, scattered showers In morning. v M ( ■rB ^r^BT ^ Comics_..B-12-j* Radio..B-1J
Temperatures today«-High, 85, at 1:30 p.m.: ft B I ft' A I B EditSal Addas'A*6 Snortf ’^^A 1^18
low, 84, at 8:2C am. Yesterday-High, 85, ftL /ft-*®! P-ft- • ft Artlcles A:* Oo'A li
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Late New York Markets. Poge A-15. _^ ' __ •An Associoted Press Newspoper
95th YEAB. No. 57,634 Phone NA. 5000. WAS] ** • 5 CENTS
-—-MtrniiimiimmUv"III rtfr Iinr.min■ :•■.1; ;j ': ■ • v' 1 »' "
Britain Reported
Ready to Yield
Defense of Suez
Would Give U. S.
Responsibility Over
Mediterranean Area
ty th« A»*©ciot*d tr«i
LONDON, May 19.—Informed
British sources declared today
that Britain is setting the stage
to hand military responsibility
in the Mediterranean and Middle
East over to the United States
and withdraw empire defenses
to East Africa.
Qualified British military inform
ants said the proposed setup im
plied that defense of the Mediter
ranean and the Suez Canal in
particular would become a United
States responsibility.
The move will not mean abandon
ment of Britain's economic and
political interests In the Middle
East, however, these sources said,
recalling Foreign Secretary Bevin's
statement to the House of Com
mons last Friday.
"We must maintain a continual
interest In that area,” Mr. Bevin
said, "if only because our economic
and financial Interests are of vast
importance to us and to other coun
tries as well.”
nui w " *“■ w— —
“If those interests were lost to us,”
the Foreign Secretary added, "the
effect on life in this country would
be a considerable reduction in the
standard of living.”
The informants, who are close
to the War Office, fixed the time
table for withdrawal of the British
military and supply bases at two
to three years.
The momentous shift, revamping
a 30-year-old policy of imperial de
fense, has been made possible, the
informants said, by emergence of
the United States as an active Med- j
iterranean power with definable in
terests to defend.
The decision to fortify East Africa
—main Kenya and the two Rho
desia*—was understood to have
been dictated, too. by Britain's de
cision* to quit India by June, 1948.
by the instability of Palestine and
by the uncertain constitutional fu-■
ture of the Sudan, whose status is
pow the subject of an Egyptian ap
peal pending before the United
Nations.
Effect “Truly Historic."
The effect on the economic, so
cial and political future of Africa,
the military sources said, would be
“truly historic.”
British officials, they declared, al
ready have recognized that any
blueprint for an Africa defense
strategy would require the active
co-operation of native peoples.
Another primary requirement
would be co-ordination of policy
with France and Belgium, Britain’s
most important and politically re
liable neighbors in Africa.
British, Frencn and Belgian co
lonial administrators will meet in
Paris tomorrow to discuss a wide
range of African problems, includ
ing public health, communications,
hygiene, food supplies, drainage and
reforestation.
jjmisn, rrencn ana cseigian
sources in London agreed that an
intensive development program In
Southern, Central and Equatorial
Africa would begin “very soon.” Tri
partite commissions, they said, may
be set up to implement decisions of
the Paris conference.
The informants said Field Mar
shal Lord Montgomery’, chief of the
Imperial General Stall, already had
discussed the British withdrawal to
Africa with his advisers.
I
Soviet Economist Deplores
U. S. Mediterranean Aims
MOSCOW, May 19. </P>— Eugene
Varga, Soviet economist, said in
Pravda today that the United
States is seeking to become a Medi
terranean power and “supports in
every way its monopolies in an
effort to secure for itself a lion's
share of the oil deposits in other
countries.”
Mr. Varga asserted that the
United States has 6 per cent of the
world's population and 35 per cent
of the world's explored oil resources,
and said it should be satisfied with
this instead of looking for more oil
in other nations.
“According to recent appraisals,"
Mr. Varga said, “the explored
world's oil resources are distributed
thusly: the U. S. A.'s share 35 per
cent; the U. S. A.'s share of the
near and Middle East, 45 per cent,
and the U. S. A.’s share of the rest
.j iv _ __1J or___ i **
V'* till/ <T VI IU| pvi VVIIVl
(The 1946 edition of the
statesman's Year Book quotes
Soviet scientists as claiming
that the U. S. S. R. contains
58.7 per cent of the world's oil
resources'
Turning to the Near East and the
Middle East, Mr. Varga said that
•‘in order to get a dominating posi
tion in this part of the world to be
able to use its oil strategically, the
United States needs strong sup
porting points on coasts where
pipelines can be headed up."
‘Palestine and Egypt freed from
British Influence would become just
such places and an oil line joining
Saudi Arabia could end here," he
said. This is one of the reasons
for the enormous amount of
American activity developing in
these districts.’’
—■ - ! ■ ... I ..~
Operation Torch
Gen. Mark W. Clark begins
one of^ the great adventure
stories 'of the war today on
the editorial page of The Star.
In the first of six daily in- J
stallments he tells of the re- j
ceipt of word from Washing- :
ton that sent him to a secret
rendezvous, by submarine, to j
the coast of Africa, there to j
plan for the landings of !
American troops later on.
This story is worth reading.
Turn to Page A-8. j
£
1 11 ■ 'J' "■ "
Miss Truman Cancels Concert,
White House Its Social Activity
President's Daughter
And Wife to Leave
For Grandview
Mrs. Truman today canceled
or postponed all social engage
ments at the White House for
the next 10 days and Miss Mar
garet Truman canceled a con
cert scheduled at Pittsburgh
tomorrow night as they prepared
to join the President at the bed
side of his mother in Missouri.
Eben Ayres. White House press
secretary, said that Mrs. Truman
probably would leave tomorrow for
Grandview, Mo., where the Pres
ident’s mother. Mrs. Martha E. Tru
man, 94, Is seriously ill.
A reception to members of the
Daughters of American Revolution,
in convention here, that had been
scheduled for Friday afternoon, was
among the affairs canceled by Mrs.
Truman.
A White House garden party
scheduled tomorrow afternoon for
veterans from various nearby serv
ice hospitals was postponed. It
probably will be held some time next
month.
The latest affair on the White
House social list affected by the
cancellation and postponement an
nouncement was a garden party
scheduled May 28 for women hold
(See CONCERT, Page~A-T.)
Son Resumes Vigil
At Bedside After
Mother Rallies
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
GRANDVIEW, Mo., May 19.—
| President Truman today resumed
his watch again at the bedside
of his ailing mother, as the 94
year-old Mrs. Martha Truman
| took a turn for the better after :
la relapse yesterday.
I "She is better; mother herself says
she Is feeling better,” President
j Truman told reporters as he left his
i apartment in the Muehlbach Hotel
here for his customary prebreakfast
iwalk.
The President had talked to his
sister. Miss Mary Jane Truman, at
the home in Grandview where Mrs.
I Truman has been bedridden since
February when she broke her right
j hip in a fall at her home.
Shortly after breakfast the Presi-;
dent left the hotel for the 17-mile '
drive to Grandview where he plan-;
ned to remain throughout the day.
While his mother is taking most
of the President's time, he is getting
mail from Washington, and handling
routine White House paper work, ac
cording to Press Secretary Charles
G. Ross.
After developing the heart condi
<See~TRUMAN~Page~A-4J
May Admits Signing
Note
%
As 'Accommodation'
Testifies He Doesn't Know
If Money Was Repaid
In Mining Investment
By Robert K. Walsh
Former Representative Andrew
J. May told a District Court jury
today that he signed a note for
a $5,000 loan from a New York
banker in April, 1941. as an “ac
commodation” for Murray Gars
son, but said he does not know
whether the money was ever
paid back by Garsson,
This was the second $5,000 note
transaction brought out in May's
testimony at his trial with Henry
and Murray Garsson on charges
of conspiracy to defraud the United
States.
The Government declares May
took more than $53,000 in bribes
from the Garsson brothers in return
for favors he obtained for them or
companies in their $78,000,000 muni
tions combine during the war.
Resuming the stand as the trial
entered its fifth week, May con
tinued his story, begun last Friday,
that deals involving a $2,500 Gars
son check he deposited in a Wash
ington bank in 1942 and the two
$5,000 notes he signed in 1941 were
legitimate business transactions.
Involved Manganese Mine.
He said they involved a West Vir
ginit manganese mining company
which he sold to Murray Garsson
earlv in 1941.
May explained today that on April
2. 1941, he signed an “accommoda
tion" note for $5,000 to Murray
Garsson. The money, he said was
borrowed from Elisha Walker, a
banker with offices at 62 William
street. New York.
Although the note, as read to the
jury, indicated May personally bor
rowed the money from Mr. Walker,
his counsel, Warren E. Magee, in
troduced a letter in which May
purportedly told Mr. Walker in
September. 1941, that the note would
be paid off “in a few days” by Mur
ray Garsson.
The letter also contained a line in
which May informed the banker that
he had signed the note simply to
help Garsson get the money and
that it was in reality a loan to
Garsson.
Admitted Signing Other Notes.
“Was this note ever paid by Mur
ray Garsson?” Mr. Magee asked.
“I don’t know," May answered.
In testimony last Friday, May;
told how he signed other notes total
ing $5,000 as an "accommodation” I
for Murray Garsson. May said this'
money was borrowed "with the ex
plicit understanding” that Murray \
Garsson would pay them off.
According to the notes read then
to the jury, the $5,000 originally
came from Representative Charles
A. Buckley, Democrat, of New York,
but were held by a New York bank
at the time they were paid off by a
check from Murray Garsson in June,
1942.
May declared again today that
the total of $10,000, representing;
money he said was borrowed for
(See GARSSON7 Page ~A-4~ i
Twelve Die in Reich Blast
BRUNSWICK, Germany, May 19
(fP).—Twelve 'persons—a British sol
dier and 11 German employes—were
killed today when an explosion rip
ped a munitions dump here.
Mass Lynching Trial
Defense Rests After
3 Directed Acquittals
No Testimony Presented j
In Behalf of Remaining
28 Defendants in Case
By the Associated Press
GREENVILLE, S. C., May 19.— !
The defense rested today in the'
trial of 28 white men accused of
lynching Willie Earle, 24, colored.!
without offering any witnesses
in its behalf.
The dramatic climax to the week-!
long trial came a few minutes after
Circuit Judge J. Robert Martin, jr.,
had directed full acquittal of three
of the original 31 defendants, and
given acquittal on two of four counts
to seven others.
Defense Attorney Benjamin A.
Bolt closed the case with the simple
statement: “The defense rests.”
The words were almost lost in the
scuffle of chairs and mumble of con
versation which followed Judge Mar
tin's summary to the jury of his
rulings on the acquittals.
Judge Martin immediately reces
sed court for the second time in 20
minutes. Earlier he had halted pro
ceedings after announcing hts di- j
rected verdicts for 10 of the original
31 defendants. i
Arguments Tomorrow. f
The court announced the trial
would be recessed until 9:30 a.m.
tomorrow when defensive arguments
will begin. He said each side would
be allowed four hours for summa-;
tion and final argument. Meanwhile,!
he said, defense counsel and the j
state will submit opposing argument I
on legal technicalities, adding he j
would receive these at 5 p.m. to-!
day.
The judge gave no indication of
the length of his own charge, but
it seemed likely the case would reach
the jury sometime Wednesday. -
The court announced directed
full acquittal of three defendents
and partial acquittal of seven others
when the case was reconvened at
10 a.m.
Statements Limited.
The court, at the same time, an
nounced that statements allegedly:
made by 2C defendants at the time!
of their arrests would be admitted in
evidence only against the persons!
making them. Judge Martin said he;
would instruct the jury to disre
gard the allegations as applying to
any co-defendants.
The court granted outright ac
quittal to three men who refused!
throughout the investigation to;
make any statement to police.;
(See LYNChTtriAL, Page A-5.) j
Jews From Europe Landed
By Parachute in Palestine j
Ey th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 19.—Rabbi
Baruch Korff, United Nations ob
server for the Political Action 'Com
mittee for Palestine, says his organi
zation has been dropping European
refugee Jews into Palestine but "we
are waiting for the British to say
how many were dropped.”
“We have been warned by the;
British to halt these operations,” j
Rabbi Korff said in an interview last
night. "Of course, this will only
intensify our preparations.”
Army Bans Tobacco Shipments
To Hit German Black Market
In a move to break up a German
black market trading in American
obacco on a scale estimated at $125,
000 pounds daily, the War Depart
ment today imposed a strict ban on
the mailing or shipment of Ameri
can cigarets and tobacco to Ger
many, effective May 26.
The Post Office Department is
co-operating at the request of the
War Department in the move which
It is hoped, will help stabilize the
German economy as well as break
up the long-abused practice of sell
ing cigarettes illicitly on the market.
A War Department official today
estimated approximtaely one-half
of the daily parcel post service to
Germany comprises cigarettes and
tobacco products. It was estimated
at least 125,000 pounds of tobacco is
being mailed daily to Germany and
that practically all finds its way into
the black market.
Army officials said the ban ap
f i
I plies only to mall and commercial!
shipments to Germany, no other;
area being affected.
It was emphasized that the allow- j:
able purchase of cigarettes and other
' tobacco products at Army post ex
changes is sufficient to meet the
normal individual n,eeds of American
personnel in Germany. Latest re
ports here indicated a carton a week
was the cigarette allowance. Civilian
j employes of the military government
t have the same privileges as military
personnel in buying tobacco from
post exchanges.
"Any surplus of such items en
tering the country almost invariably
enters the black market,” the War
Department said.
Senders of gift packages hereafter
will be required to declare the re
stricted items and Post Office
authorities will remove them from
packages at all Army or regular
offices.
! M
High Court Rules
Plant Guards
May Join Union
Two Circuit Decisions
On Police Deputies
Are Overturned
ty the Associated Press
The Supreme Court today:
ruled that plant guards dep
utized by local police are “'em- j
ployes” under the National Labor
Relations Act and may join
unions which also represent pro
duction employes.
The decision Involved labor dis
putes affecting plant guards of Jones
& Laughlin Steel Corp.’s Otis
Works in Cleveland, and E. C. Atkins
& Co., Indianapolis maker of tools
and armor plate.
Jones & Laughlin contended
plant guards were “employes" or a
part.of management under the act’s
deflinition of that term as “any per
son acting in the interest of an
•mployer, directly or indirectly."
Two Separate Decisions.
The high court handed down two
separate decisions.
In the Jones & Laughlin case,
,he court’s 5-4 opinion was written
jv Justice Murphy. Chief Justice
Vinson and Justices Frankfurter,
Jackson and Burton dissented.
In the Atkins case, the majority
opinion was written by Justice
Murphy, with dissents noted by the
Jhief Justice and Justices Frank
’urter and Jackson.
Lower Court Overruled.
The decisions overturned lower
court rulings.
The United States Circuit Court,
in Cincinnati decided tne Jones and
Laughlin guards were employes, but
said it was improper for the Na
tional Labor Relations Board to per
mit, their organization by the same
union which represented produc
tion employes. The Circuit Court
stated that under Ohio law, the
guards were municipal police whose
obligations to the public were in
compatible with obligations to the
union—the CIO United Steelworkers
of America.
In the Atkins case, the Circuit
Court in Chicago said plant guards
were not employes under terms of
the labor act. The Atkins guards
were deputy policemen of the city
of Indianapolis.
During the war guards of both
plants were members of the civil
ian auxiliary to military police,
under arrangements set up by the
War Department.
First Socialist Premier
Agreed On in Japan '' |
By th* Associated Press
TOKYO, May 19.—Politicaf lead
era virtually decided on Japan*,
first Socialist Premier today as the!
Diet prepared for its initial session
under the new constitution begin
ning tomorrow.
Leaders of the powerful Liberal^
and Democratic Parties agreed to
accept Tetsu Katayama, chairman
of the Social Democratic Party
Executive Committee, as the new
Premier.
Their objections to allotting port-'
folios to leftwing Socialists must be
settled, however, before Katayama
receives a formal vote.
Indications were that this prob
lem would be settled soon and the
;oalition cabinet may be shaped up
iy the time the Diet formally votes
in the Premier, probably Wednes
iay.
Premier Shigeru Yoshida and his
;abinet will resign formally tomor
row under terms of the new consti
tution. He will appoint an acting
iremier to hold office until the Diet
selects his successor. The Emperor
formerly selected the Premier.
Minneapolis to-New York |
Record Claimed by Odom
By th« Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 19—Capt. Wil
iam P. Cdom. piloting the Reynolds
•ound-the-world Bombshell, flashed
iver La Guardia Field at 9:48:40
i.m. today and claimed an unofficial
•ecord 6f 2 hours, 55 minutes and
iO seconds flying time from Minne
ipolis to New York.
Capt. Odom said his time bettered
in unofficial record set last winter
ly a Northwest Airlines DC-4 of 4
lours and 25 minutes.
• Capt. Odom gave his flying dis
ance as 1,050 miles. He said he
iveraged about 362 miles an hour
ind hit top speed of 420 miles an
lour between Green Bay, Wis.. and
Detroit in the twin-engine con
certed A-26 bomber.
With him was Tommy Bartlett
>f Chicago, who served as co-pilot
Elected Governor Urged
By Krug for Puerto Rico
Sy th* Associated Press
Secretary of the Interior Krug
jrged. Congress today to give Puerto
Rico the right to elect its own gov
ernor.
In a statement prepared for the
Rouse Public Lands Committee, Mr.
Krug said the right to elect a chief
■xecutive is a “minimum privilege”
rhich should be "granted now as a
oken of our earnest intention to
;ettle as soon as possible the more
jerplexing problem of permanent
status.”
Italy Files Application
For U. N. Membership !
•y the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, K Y., May 19.—
Italy’s application for membership j
in the United Nations was handed;
to Secretary-General Trygve Lie;
today by Alberto Tarchiani, Italian
Ambassador to Washington.
45 Greek Rebels Slain
ATHENS, May 19 (/Pi.—The Min
istry of Public Order said today that
(5 rebels had been killed and 8?
rounded in three engagements
southwest of Lamia. Government
losses were placed at four dead and
three wounded.
r
DAR Hears Strong-Navy Plea
At Precongress Mass Meeting
Admiral Colclough Explains Need for Fleet;
Annual Meeting Scheduled to Open Tonight
(DAR Program on Page A-5.)
The Daughters of the Ameri
can Revolution, in a preconven
tion national defense mass meet
ing today, heard Rear Admiral
Oswald S. Colclough, Judge Ad
vocate General of the Navy, ap
peal for a strong Navy “to assure
the world that we recognize our
responsibilities.”
The Admiral spoke as thousands
of members of the society con
verged on Washington for the for
mal opening of the 56th DAR Con
tinental Congress—the first held in
Constitution Hall in six years.
Admiral Colclough declared that
a strong Navy "would warn other
Nations against bringing "us into
another war, or finally failing that,
it would mean that your Navy would
be able to carry the war far from
our own shores.”
The Navy's legal chief said he:
need not remind members of the
society that “there are serious
forces at work within our country
today bent on undermining its
unity and strength.
“In a world still plagued by un
certainty and conflict of ideas." he
declared,” this becomes the more,
grave in its implications. Some;
persons openly attempt to sow seeds;
of doubt and distrust in our minds; i
others, by subtle and clever infer-'
ence, seek to confuse, to spread de-1
featism, and otherwise to weaken
our moral fiber."
Admiral Colclough conceded that1
the country's postwar economy can
not stand the burden of a Navy as
~ (SeeDAR,Page -A-5>_j
Snyder Backs Change
In Tax Laws in '48;
Avoids Stand on Cuts
Secretary Opens House
Group Hearing on Plan
For Thorough Revision
By J. A. O'Leary
Secretary of the Treasury
Snyder today indorsed the de
cision of the House Ways and
Means Committee to plan a
thorough revision of the Fed
eral tax structure next year, but
steered clear of the Immediate
wrangle between Democrats and
Republicans on whether taxes
should be cut this year.
He was the first witness before
the House committee, as it began a
study that will continue until Jan
uary to pave the way for the first
general overhauling of the tax laws
in 20 years. During that time rates
have been changed without any
complete rewriting of the compli
cated statutes.
As this long-range inquiry got
underway, Republican leaders were
preparing for a Senate showdown
in their fight to bring about im
mediate July 1 cuts in personal in
come levies, ranging from 30 per
cent in the lowest wage brackets to
10.5 per cent in the highest income
IC'Clo,
Democrats Back Postponement.
Senate Democrats will stand al
most solidly for postponement of
the pending tax bill until mid-June,
on the ground that Congress theg
will know how much the GOP econ
omy advocates will cut from Fed
eral spending bills for the next 12
months.
Chairman Knutson announced the
hearings would continue until Con
gress adjourns in July, and that
the committee would wait until late
in the fall to begin drafting this
long-range tax revision.
Secretary Snyder told the com
mittee he is confident that all sub
jects involved in the complete re
vision cannot be completed in six
months or one year, but that some
of the more important phases of tax
revision can be.
Those who had looked forward
to Mr, Snyder's House appearance
for some last-minute administration
word on the current tax fight, failed
to find it in his prepared statement.
House Republicans may try to get
further comment from him when
the questioning stage is reached,
however.
"It is not my intention today to
make recommendations on any
specific tax question". Secretary
Snyder’s statement declared.
Discusses General Revision.
Instead, he discussed in general
terms the many phases of taxation
that should be studied in a general
revision, including the rates on in
dividuals, corporations, excise levies
on goods and services, and the spe
cial problems of small business.
As to the committee’s decision to
begin this long-range review. Mr.
Snyder said:
"This approach to the tax problem
is in accord with the recommenda
tion for a comprehensive study
which I made in my recent appear
ance before this committee and
(See TAXES. Page A-3.)
A
House Unit Approves j
Postal Rate Increase
To Provide Revenue
Committee Votes Boost
In Second-Class Mail
And Air Letter Costs
By the Associated Press
The House Post Office Com
mittee today approved legisla-;
tion increasing postal rates to,
provide an estimated $110,000,- !
000 additional revenue annually.!
The committee voted to raise the
airmail rate from 5 cents to 6 centsi
an ounce and recommended in- j
cieasing rates for second-class mail j
—newspapers and periodicals—if the
papers are mailed beyond the coun-j
ty of publication.
Chairman Rees said the latter j
Increases are based on zones and
on advertising content in addition,
to a boost of half a cent a pound on!
the reading portion of the publica
tion.
Besides the increase in the air
mail letter rate, the committee rec
ommended establishment of an
airmail post card which may be
mailed for 4 cents.
The committee rejected a Post
Office Department suggestion to
double the present 1-cent rate on
postcards, retained existing rates
on newspapers and periodicals sent
through the mall in the county of
publication, and continued the pres
ent first-class mailing rate of 3 cents
for letters.
Increased piece rates and adver
tising surcharges recommended by
the Post Office Department for
second-class matter also were re
jected by the committee.
The legislation is subject to House
action next week. Mr. Rees made
the estimate on the additional rev
enue the bill would provide.
High Court Reverses
Contempt Conviction
Of 3 Texas Newsmen
Justice Douglas Writes
6-3 Majority Decision,
Criticizing Judge
The Supreme Court today ruled
three Texas newspapermen were
Improperly convicted of con
tempt of court for publication of
several news stories and an ed
itorial.
Justice Douglas wrote the courtv
5-3 majority decision. Justice Jack
son wrote a dissent and Justice
Frankfurter wrote another. Chief
Justice Vinson concurred in Justice
Fi ankfurter's dissent.
The decision was given on an ap
peal by Conway C. Craig, publisher
of the Corpus Christ! Caller-Times;
Bob McCracken, managing editor,
and Tom Mulvany, reporter.
Judge Joe D Browning of the
Nueces County. Court in Texas ad
judged them guilty of contempt
after the publication of items deal
ing with an eviction case which he
tried. The newspapermen were sen
tenced to three days’ imprisonment
each, but the sentences were stayed
pending the Supreme Court deci
In the eviction case, an Army pri
vate unsuccessfully sought to hold
possession of a building where he
operated a cafe.
Move to Influence Court Charged.
Judge Browning said that the
news stories and editorial were “cal
culated * * * to prejudice and in
fluence the court in its ruling” on a
request for a new trial of the evic
tion proceedings. He finally denied
a new trial.
The Supreme Court's ruling over
turned a ruling of the Texas Court
of Criminal Appeals which had up
held Judge Browning's contempt
findings.
Justice Douglas for the majority
wrote that "the law of contempt is
not made for the protection of
judges who may be sensitive to the
winds of public opinion. Judges are
supposed to be men of fortitude,
able to thrive in a hardy climate.”
The Texas Court of Criminal Ap
peals held "there is no escape from
the conclusion that it was the pur
pose and intent of the publishers to
force, compel and coerce Judge
(See CONTEMPT.’Page A-5.1
U. S. to Supply Lunch
For Bavarian Children
By tf»o Associated Press
MUNICH, May 19.—A 2‘2-cent
midday meal containing 350 calories
will be served to 695,000 Bavarian
children this slimmer, American mil
itary government officials said today.
Experts are working out scientific
menus at a training school in Ruh
polding in Southern Bavaria. The
program was recommended by for
mer President Herbert Hoover and
will be in full swing by June.
The food is to be obtained from
United States Army rations and
from Bavarian farms. Parents who
can pay are expected to.
Miss Spl'uill Loses New Appeal
In Suit to Regain Property
Miss Georgia M. Spruill, wno nas
unsuccessfully appealed more than
20 cases since 1932, lost another one
in United States Court of Appeals
today.
Miss Spruill has been suing to re
gain a piece of foreclosed property
and to get payment for all the bene
fits she believes she would have de
rived from it through the years. The
latest suit, against Daniel E. Camp
bell, executor of the estate of one
of the early defendants, involved
more than $91,000.
In affirming the District Court’s
dismissal of the case, Chief Justice
D. Lawrence Groner of the Court
of Appeals and Associate Justices
Bennett Champ Clark and E. Bar
rett Prettyman ruled:
“This appeal grows out of the sale
of appellant’s house under fore
closure in 1930. In one form or an-1
other, the controversy thus begun
Jias been revived nearly jevery year
since our first decision. * * * There
is nothing new in the present ap
peal, and nothing to decide that has
not been already fully decided.” j
At least m District Court judges
have considered Spruill cases. She i
3
nas gone w uie ou^a c-mx. vuiu>
approximately 30 times, asking
either a writ of certiorari or a re
hearing.
Since her second case, she lias
been her own lawyer despite offers
of the courts to appoint counsel
for her. For rhe most part, she
has been allowed to proceed with
out payment of court costs.
Court records on Spruill cases in
the Court of Appeals alone take up
three drawers. According to one
jf her briefs, the records in her
cases are now stacked more than
30 inches high in the Supreme
Court.
As a result of her .constant re
search into the law books, she cited
VJ cases to plead her cause in the
latest action Her opponent cited
10 cases, all involving earlier Spruill
decisions.
Court dockets show literally hun
dreds of court actions in Spruill
cases, involving granting and de
nials of writs, petitions and mo
tions, transfers of records and other
legal technicalities.
Aided by counsel. Miss Spruill won
(See SPRUILL, Page A-4.)
y
Truman Renews
Plea for Health
Insurance Law
Disability Protection
Also Urged as Part
Of Broad Program
(Text of the President’s Health
Message on Page A-3.)
By Garnett 0. Horner
President Truman today urged
Congress to give “immediate at
tention” to development of na
tional health and disability In
surance programs.
In a special message, the Presi
dent declared that national health
insurance is “the heart” of a com
prehensive health program which
should be enacted as “crucial to our
national welfare.”
Mr. Trumans message reviewed
the long range national health pro
gram which he recommended to
Congress on November 19, 1945, say
ing he is pleased that “important
advances” have been made by Con
gress toward realization of "some
of the goals.”
“But we must not re6t until we
have achieved all of our objectives,*
he asserted.
Five-Point Program.
The President added that until
health insurance Is provided by
Congress "we shall be wasting our
most precious national resource and
shall be perpetuating unnecessery
misery and human suffering.”
He said the total program, de
signed to make the opportunity for
good health available to all, regard
less of residence, race or economic
status, must Include:
1. Adequate public health services,
including an expanded maternal and
child health program.
2. Additional medical research and
medical education.
3. More hospitals and more doc
tors—in all areas of the country
where they are needed. .
4. Insurance against the costs of
medical care.
5. Protection against loss of earn
ings during illness.
Controversies Stirred.
The health and disability insur
ance provisions of the President’s
program have stirred considerable
controversy, particularly among the
medical profession.
Mr. Truman pointed out in his
message today that under the pro
gram he has proposed patients "will
be as free to select their own doc
tors as they are today.” and that
doctors and hospitals will be free
to participate or not.
He added that the plan should
provide for administration through
State and local agencies, subject
only to reasonable national stand
[ ards.
The social insurance system, th«
President declared, should include
j comprehensive disability insurance
I to protect the people against loss of
earnings due to Illness or disability
not connected with their work.
Doctors Concentrated.
In connection with his health
insurance proposal, Mr. Truman
pointed out that doctors are inclined
to concentrate In communities where
"their incomes are most secure”
and that few doctors can be ex
pected to practice in sparsely set
tled areas where patients are un
able to pay for their services.
! “The unequal distribution of doc
: tors and hospitals," he asserted,
i “will plague this Nation until means
are found to finance modem medical
, care for all of our people.”
|
Doris Duke, Jersey Town
Reach Truce on Taxes
fty fh# A*so<iot«d Prats
NEW YORK, May 19.—Doris
Duke, tobacco heiress, and tiny
I Hillsborough township, home of
i sprawling Duke Farms, have de
clared tax peace, a family attorney
j said today.'
The township has agreed not to
appeal in the State courts the dis
missal by the New Jersey Board of
Tax Appeals of a tax suit against
the Duke endowment fund it as
sessed at $251,471,819, Attorney
Thomas Perkins said.
Miss Duke has agreed not to col
lect some $2,500 in court costs
awarded her after the township
lost a tax suit against her personal
fortune.
The endowment fund was estab
lished by James B. Duke, founder of
j the tobacco fortune, in 1924 and
dedicated to North and South Car
| olina charities.
Cruiser Toledo at Bombay
BOMBAY, May 19 </P>.—'Th«
United States* heavy cruiser Toledo
entered Bombay harbor today on
a good will cruise which will even
tually take her to Japan and ex
changed salutes with naval' shore
batteries. The vessel, commanded
by Capt. A. J. Detzer of Tort Wayne,
Ind., will remain here three days.
Late News
Bulletin
Ballots Ordered Impounded
The Senate subcommittee on
elections today ordered paper
ballots from the contested
j Maryland senatorial election
impounded in Baltimore,
where they will be counted,
; while the committee itself will
begin a series of meetings to*
| morrow morning on the 6,624
; paper ballots still in dispute
from five Maryland counties.
D. John Markey, Republican
candidate, is contesting the
election of Senator O’Conor, '
Democrat, already seated.
(Earlier Story on Page A-J.)
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