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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 19, 1947, Image 7

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1947-05-19/ed-1/seq-7/

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\i iSi
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hilt WHITS . . . Faint RIGHT. We are
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Study of Germ Warfare Lists
33 Diseases for Possible Use
By Howard W. Blakesfac
Associated Press Science Editor
NEW YORK, May 19—A 40,000
word explanation of bacteriological
warfare, with all the basic facts, ex
cepting only secret work of World
vVar II, was released today with
Government permission.
Thirty-three diseases are listed
as possible war weapons, some of
chem In concentrations that could
b? used to attack a single military
objective or even enemy troops in
action.
Cities, war production areas and
islands might be neutralized for
military purposes for worthwhile
periods of time by some of the tech
niques in this prospectus of future
wars.
But the study points- out it will
je very difficult to achieve limitary
uses of these diseases. The ah,
with planes scattering them, or con
centrating them in mists, smokes
ana dusts, is considered the best
way. In nearly all cases, however,
muen scientific work will have to
be done to find ways to do suffici
ently massive “seeding" of diseases
to make bacterial war worth while.
Dr. Maurice Visscher, president of
the American Association of Scien
tific Workers, said in Chicago that
“because of its geographical isola
tion” this country would be at a dis
advantage in bacterial warfare.
In case of an attack on the United
States by a European enemy, Dr.
Visscher said, the attacking enemy’s
own people would be safe from the
bacteria used and retribution in kind
by this country would be difficult,
because “if we started retribution
against a European enemy, our use
of bacterial weapons would involve
neutral countries as well as the ene
my country itself.”
Dr. Visscher, head of the physiol
ogy department at the University
of Minnesota, called a news confer
ence to discuss the report because
he wanted to emphasize that “bac
terial warfare is one of the most im
portant hazards to humanity which
could result from misuse of science.”
"We are impresesd by the state
ment of George Merck (in a 1946
report) that the only real defense
against bacterial warfare is peace,"
said Dr. Visscher, who is in Chicago
for the convention of the Federa
tion of American Societies for Ex
perimental Biology.
"And the American public cannot
be impressed too strongly with the
necessity of making arrangements
that will preserve peace now, because
10 years from now it will be too late.”
The report, published today in
the Journal of Immunology, was
written in 1942, compiled from bac
teriologncal war studies which
scientists had been quietly making
In eight nations—not including Ger
many.
It is the dictionary of biological
warfare. The authors are Dr. Theo
dor Rosebury and Dr. Elvin Kabat,
bacteriologists of the College of
Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia
University, and Dr. Martin N. Boldt..
They made the study for the Amer
ican Association of Scientific Work
ers, gave it to the Government, and
it was kept secret until today.
After writing the report all three
went to work on biological warfare
at camp Detrick, Md. But today’s
report contains nothing about the
war work.
The fact is tnat me war progress
was small compared with the great
field of bacteriological war knowl
edge gathered in the 40,000 words.
The war work made some impor
tant specific advances and con
vinced bacteriologists that this kind
of war is feasible.
Many Diseases Listed.
The diseases listed as having war
possibilities include rabbit fever,
not the common form but a pneu
monia type that is transmitted by
air; the pneumonic, or lung form,
of the great plague, blaok death,
and a rare disease known as meli
oidosis, that resembles glanders of
horses and men and is highly fatal.
Also anthrax, yellow fever to be
transmitted not by mosquitoes but
possibly directly through the air,
undulant fever, parrot fever (psit
tacosis), the tick-borne typhuslike
diseases, botulinus poisoning, with
possibilities for developing some
thing not now known in flu, com
mon colds and maybe malaria.
There are also plant and animal
diseases with war possibilities.
Thirty-seven diseases are ruled
out as not good for war, because
of available vaccinations or diffi
culties of spreading them. These
include smallpox, cholera, typhoid,
streptococcus and stapynlococcus
infections, most pneumonias, lep
rosy and venereal diseases.
Women s Union Delegates
Received by Mrs. Truman
Delegates to the convention of
the National Women’s Trade Union
League were received by Mrs.
Truman at the White House today.
The four-day convention got
under way at 9:30 this morning
at the Sheraton Hotel with Miss
Margaret V. V. Buffum, president
of the District League, making
the welcoming speech. Miss Rose
Schneiderman, national president,
also addressed the morning session.
William Green, president of the
\merican Federation of Labor, was
to speak this afternoon.
Speakers during the week will
include James B. Carey, secretary
ireasurer of the Congress of Indus
trial Organizations; Mrs. Chase
3oing Woodhouse, executive direc
tor, women’s division, Democratic
National Committee; Representa
tive Bolton, Republican, of Ohio,
md Miss Frieda S. Miller, director
jf the Women’s Bureau, United
States Department of Labor.
Churches of Christ Here
To Hold Convention Tonight
The 70th annual convention of the
Churches of Christ of the Capital
area will be held tonight, tomorrow
and Wednesday at the Minnesota
Avenue Christian Church, Minne
sota avenue and C street NX.
Dr. J. Warren Hasting, pastor of
National City Christian Church,
will preside at the opening session,
which starts at 7:45 o'clock tonight
The meetings the next two days
will be at 9 am. and 2 and 7:40 pm.
John A. Tate. State secretary for
Virginia, will be the speaker at a
State Missions Dinner at 6:15 pm.
Tuesday at the church. The Rev.
Harry L. Bell, pastor of Columbia
Heights Christian Church, will pre
side.
Butcher shops in Poland are now
allowed by law too open only three
days a week.
Allies to Spare Inhabited
German Fortifications
•y the AmdaM Praia
MUNICH, May 19.—The American
Military Government announced to
day that in view of Germany’s
housing shortage, German military
being toed u Tumiia
"or for other wwitlil purposes"
would be spared from demolition
under die Allied program of demili
tarizing the Reich.
German* occupying pill
underground depots or workshops,
air raid shelters or airfield build
f«« were requested to report them
immediately so they could be re
moved from the demolition list.
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I TROUSERS I
EISEMAN’S—F at 7th |
FOR SALE
BOILERS
3 Pacific steel low-pres
sure fire tube boilers,
150 h.p. each, with 3
h.p. Detroit stokers and
all necessary equipment
ready to operate. In use
one year.
Far further particulars call
or writs
Managing Director
i The Westchester
4000 Cathedra! Ave. N.W.
_WO. 7700
Famous CORREIATED FABRICS and \^
finest workmanship. Tailored, rudlod or
bexpleatod flounces with xippers and A/.c A wA .Oa
moss edging. Select from a huge ff/rflffffK
variety of fabric.
Phone NAtionel 3512 uphoistsmno company
.h,..-*.— “ “*• “• * *■»• *"•
■154 V£ Otf CUSOMER’S RE-UPHOLSTERING A RE-DESIGNING1
PBapaHpH % -4k- ,f'. ..-jV
5 ;i’' &./
> ^ T1 ; V l‘
ji Sa/e Depository for Over 55 Years
jkruriffi $taragr (Joiiijiwh
Affiliated with the American Security A Trust Co. j
1140 Fifteenth St. (5) N.W.
.
Safe Deposit Vaults for Silverware
and Other Valuables
- --
Cold Storage Vaults for Furs
and Garments
LONG-DISTANCE MOVING
“Around the comer or around the world—MOVE BY VAN”
SECURITY steel “lift” vans for overseas removals, ALLIED
VANS for domestic removals
f. •
DIRECTORS
C. A. Aspinwall, President
Daniel W. Bell H. L. Rust, Jr.
William J. Flather, Jr. Corcoran Thom
* Chauncey G. Parker, Jr. Lloyd B. Wilson
m
W*f?l?PER SHECR*l'*y II W"H’?Jyl6n 5’“" TuMMk”
HOSE HOSE BAGS
3£ 49c -“99® “ 49c
asu?sL4ffBaft-I" 00c ^ Ll* 0 for OKc
* NYLON HOSE 99 « Peds L id
Worth $5. White Plastic M QQ TAILORED <f||C
SQUARE HANDBAGS dl COLLARS_IIT
Worth »3 to Fin. AJ JQ 100% All Wool, Short SIooyo M 00
MILLINERY SWEATERS ’l'55
713 H St. * 11th * H 81. 8tQK« only. * ** * *
n ■ '■ ' •*" " : . — - - - --
I FINE COTTON EXTRA SIZE Worth $6.99
HOUSE Spun Rayon GABARDINE
DRESSES DRESSES DRESSES |
SX$1.00 £$2'" 95-99
II '_1 !-1 --- ill
R Junior Misses' White M flfl Extra Sise Rayon Crepo J1! QQ Uj
Uniform PRESSES PRESSES |
Cool Cotton Pinafore JPA AA Worth $22.99 Formal SC 00 1
PRESSES Evening PRESSES*3
I Group of Better Summer SC Of) 2-piece Sun Back SC 00 HI
PRESSES PRESSES *3* |
Worth $10.99 to $22.99 Close out of Shuar Shuar Print
Fine Rayon Crepe Cotton Print Bamberg
DRESSES Maternity DRESSES DRESSES §
Sy.oo S’! .99 Sg.99
Special Group Eyelet (A Ml Rubfcer (A QR
Batiste BLOUSES *Q,W Play-Tex GIRDLES
®°iyc"'k"up *" «•*??; *j|pp*r* „ *1'°°
713 H St. * Silver Sprier Store* eely <13 H St. Store only—Covmetic Dent.
-'
Extra Sixe Worth $2.99, Cotton Rayon Knit
SLIPS PAJAMAS Pantios or Briefs
Uct trimmed JA Fell Cut. (4 Cfl 2* IIA
or tailored. ■'W Florol Friets. 4*" $1.00 39c
Sizes 46-52. I .Sizes 32 to 40. ■ “ ■
Shorty AA. Worth 54.99. Cottoo H QD
PAJAMAS Sfi! BRUNCH COATS *1
Worth $1.50 to $2.00 gk M M Royoo Jorsoy Holf M AA
BRASSIERES/ *1'™ , SLIPS *1
Worth $3.99 to $5.99 AA Worth $3.99. Hock Royoo 7Q
S1" >otln or Cropo ^j'781
I Guaranteed Fart Color Wort* $4. Fina Quality Flared | |
BLOUSES BLOUSES SKIRTS I
a Steal J* te 30. S8 ta 44
“99c 5s-1.99 sr 1 •«
Colon. fl mar wear. ■ H
Worth $6. Extra Quality #|| QQ Worth $4. Peasant er Pleated £J) QQ
BLOUSES skirts I
| Slxoo 12 to 20. M to 4> ** ** |
Worth 87 to 810. Fxmow f|| M Famous Irand Fine Knit 04 AA |
• Cobb Bort” QifiVO _ , Q I lUtl «
Blousos £Z. Polo Shirts_I_ 1
Women's Western Style SA flfl Worth $1.98 II
Dungaroos a Halters f«f 1
Worth $3.99 Worth *1<T famous
1 Podal Pushor Play Suite Jantzon J
or Shorts sxo« 12-28. QQ I Swim Suits 1
1 si .49 » .. ... *•»■” o.. „ r.. SC,96 |
| I / 2 or * »eo. ” Piece Styles ^g I
Worth $5 .nd $6. White USE KOPY KAT
PLAY SHOES puR STORAGE
bi'itJ1 S.H..Eit.a^ 50.67 INSURED IN COOL
*“lT £ AIR-CONDITIONED VAULTS
I. ..."I
100% All-wool Worth $35 Worth $16.99
„ _ ' _ _ 2-pc. All-wool All-wool
COATS SUITS TOPPERS
i2.S4.79 Sin.00
or Plaid Colors ^0
Worth $39.99 CIom On* of Worth $40 to $50
All-wool Bottor All Wool
Topper* and RAINCOATS SUITS
COfltS Gabardine* or Crape*
0.00 50.00 *18-°°
| ON SALE AT ALL 4 KOPY KAT STORES |
V&j-V. ©*%*>?**j«* jt&’
^ ;*
j&j/g §Z V;:'^-. fajfi
FINE WOMEN’S WEAR |

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