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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 21, 1947, Image 10

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gfye Jtaing j&f af
With Sunday Morning IdWon.
0 WASHINGTON. D. C.
Pwbli*h*d by
The Kvaning Star Nawsgagar Camgaity.
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1. M. McKILWAY, Editor.
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Monitor at tho A**oci*t#d Prow.
Tho A**ociotod Pro*, i» entitled **clu»iv#ly to tho u»*
for .(publication of #M tho local now* printed In thi*
nowtpapor, a* well a* *M A. P. now* ditpotcho*.
A—10 • WEDNESDAY, May Rl, 1047
Exit—the 'Social Survey'
* The final report of the series which re
sulted from the Council of Social Agencies’
“Social Survey” has now been made public.
If its publication winds up the misadven
ture which marked this unfortunate under
taking, It will be a good thing. The reports
have produced a minimum of constructive
value. They have been weakened by un
realistic approach to the practical problem
of winning the greatest number of con
tributors to agencies belonging to the
Community Chest. They have been curi
ously lacking in the type of wisdom which
searches out common ground on which
the diversified elements of a large com
munity may meet for unified attack on
some, if not all, of the evils of this world.
None of the reports has been indorsed by
the Community Chest. Even the sponsoring
agency of the survey, the Council of Social
Agencies, is uncertain as to their disposi
tion. They probably will end up on a
dusty shelf somewhere, available to those
who may wish enlightenment on how not
to proceed in stimulating the interest and
appealing to the generosity of a community
in the name of public welfare. Our task
in Washington now is to strengthen the
Community Chest, to make it serve more
effectively than ever as the chosen instru
ment for united support of good work in
the alleviation of our neighbors’ misfor
tune, to forget the past and look forward
to a continuation of steady progress in
mastering the knowledge of how to get
along together in good nature and with
good will.
A Helpful Host to Visitors
After the turbulence of the war years,
this spring has been a reminder of the
old Washington. Conventions—banned
during the war—once more are in order.
Chartered buses are bringirtg their loads of
students from many points, intent on see
ing their Nation’s Capital. By train, plane
and.«|»iKate automobile comes a ^steady
stream of visitors to view the unique at
tractions of the Seat of Government and,
incidentally, perhaps, to transact business
with their Representatives in Congress or
with other public servants.
The surprising thing about this influx
to many persons is that it is taking place
with so little confusion, so little strain on
the city’s accommodations, so little incon
venience to visitors and hosts alike. But
the orderliness of the migration is not
coincidental.' It was planned that way.
The planners were the Greater National
Capital Committee of the Washington
Board of Trade.
This committee, during its seventeen
years of public service, has demonstrated
that it is more than a city-boosting organ
ization, with an eye only on the mercenary
aspects of bringing free-spending tourists
to the District of Columbia. In peacetime
and during the war years it has filled a
definite need. Before and since the war
it has supplied the demand from educa
tional institutions, fraternal, civic and
patriotic groups, business organizations
and the like for information regarding
the city’s points of interest, hotel accom
modations and meeting places; has assisted
actively in arranging conventions and
other visitations and, in snort, nas served
as unofficial community host to thousands
of the city’s guests. During the war it
rendered invaluable service in finding hotel
and other rooms for servicemen, indus
trialists, scientists and others coming to
the Capital.
To continue its very worth-while services
to the community, the committee is asking
its supporters to subscribe this year $85,000.
This is certainly a modest sum to invent in
the work of a committee which is playing
such an important part in the develop
ment of a Greater National Capital.
Balm for Our Days
Herbert Hoover knows whereof he speaks
when he explains why so many of our
Presidents have taken to fishing. Having
been one of them himself, he realizes only
too well that “the pneumatic hammering
of demands” on their minds impels them
“to get away somehow, somewhere, and
be alone for a few hours once in a while.”
To sit in a small boat off by themselves,
or to stand knee-deep in a fine stream,
with a good line out—what relaxation,
what balm, what splendid escape from the
hurly-*burly!
The former President, out of a rich and
strenuous lifetime, has developed a mellow
philosophy. He holds that Americans
respect privacy in only two things—pray
ing and fishing. This is perhaps an over
simplification, but who can suggest a better
way to^-bar the world’s intrusions than to
fish or pray? When a man removes him
self for prayer, people have courtesy
enough to leave him alone, and his mind
and spirit are refreshed from being re
leased—for however brief a spell—from the
sound and fury of a workaday existence.
To an$le is not the same as to pray, of
course, but the two are by no means
mutually exclusive. On the contrary, as
far as comforting the soul is concerned,
they can have a somewhat similar effect.
It is quite possible, in fact, to do both
together.
Mr. Hoover, without prejudice to pray
ing, advocates fishing for all of us, not
merely for Presidents. He has in mind
.«*
i ' .
s >.
the strain of living in the modern world—
the pressures and the f atiguing or depress
ing effects on us of'“telephones, radio,
traffic noises, the rising tide of economic
and international complexity,’* and even
women's hats. These things, if we are to
survive them, must be offset occasionally
by taking to the wilds to angle with worms
or dry flies; or if that is impossible, then
we ought to resort to some similar whole
some pastime.
Such a course—accompanied, to be sure,
by a proper amount of praying—could be
our salvation. At very least, it could make
life pleasanter. Mr. Hoover should be
heeded. He has spoken wise words.
Mr. Gromyko Stands Pat
In crucial times, especially, nothing is
more dangerous than illusions. So con
vinced are thinking Americans of the vital
necessity for effective international con
trol of atomic energy that they tend to
expect its realization by voluntary inter
national agreement. And they are equally
convinced that the proper method is that
set forth by Bernard M. Baruch and other
American official (spokesmen, indorsed by
Britain and many other nations. Recently,
certain statements of American Commu
nists encouraged hopes that Soviet Russia
would prove amenable to a constructive
settlement.
Such wishful thinking is seemingly
dashed by the address of Andrei A. Gro
myko on Monday evening at the annual
dinner of the American-Russian Institute
in New York City. Mr. Gromyko’s official
eminence is assurance that he spoke the
mind of the Soviet government in every
particular, he being not only Soviet repre
sentative on both the U. N. Security Coun
cil and the Atomic Energy Commission
but also a member of the Soviet Ministry of
Foreign Affairs.
it is in so autnoritative a capacity tnat
Mr. Gromyko set forth the Soviet view
point on the control of atomic energy and
other potential methods of mass destruc
tion. And his lengthy exposition, despite
its temperate language, was a categorical
restatement of the thesis emphasized by
himself before the Atomic Energy Com
mission and elsewhere. That thesis is
essentially twofold. The first item is a
demr.nd for a prompt prohibition of atomic
and other new weapons of mass destruc
tion by the United Nations. Only after
such outlawry will Soviet Russia agree to
; international control and inspection—pro
! vided these do not infringe upon its “sov
ereign” rights and interests.
Needless to say, this Soviet thesis is
absolutely irreconcilable with that of our
Government, which sees a solution only
in an unqualifiedly effective international
system of inspection and control, and
which declines to be divested of its atomic
weapon until such control has been
established.
Mr. Gromyko launched a flank attack
upon our attitude by warning us that our
“monopoly” of atomic weapons is “an
illusion,” and that we may presently find
ourselves in a “less favorable position in
comparison with other states in the field
of the development and perfection of cer
tain dangerous .weapoo&.if arch weapons,
are not prohibited.” Coming as his words
did almost simultaneously with the Rose
bury-Kabat report on bacteriological war
fare and Glenn L. Martin’s remarks on
superdestructive atomic clouds, their grim
implications are thereby intensified.
Whatever the immediate effect upon
public opinion Mr. Gromyko’s words will
have, his emphasis upon frankness and
plain speaking can only be commended.
If the positions of the American and Soviet
governments on this vital issue remain as
antithetical as ever, it is well that this fact
be clearly seen and appreciated.
rublic Health rrogram
President Truman could hardly have
expected that Congress, at this session,
would give “immediate attention" to en
actment of the national health program
which he recommended. He was fully
justified, nevertheless, in renewing his
request for congressional action, for it is
necessary to keep hammering away at the
problem of public health until something
constructive is done about it.
As Mr. Truman pointed out, this country
is faced with a serious shortage of hos
pitals, doctors, dentists and nurses. To
make matters worse, the distribution is
such that many thousands of people in
sparsely settled areas are almost wholly
lacking in medical facilities. And until
something is done, they will continue to be
without these facilities, for doctors, den
tists and nurses cannot be expected to go
into sections where there are no adequate
hospital accommodations and where the
numbers and economic status of the people
are such that members of the medical and
dental professions know they cannot earn
a decent income.
The answer to this problem, in Mr.
Truman’s oninion. is national health insur
ance, and he minced no words in saying so.
As he stated, this is not a proposal merely
for the relief of the poverty stricken, since
“countless families who are entirely self
supporting in every other respect cannot
meet the expense of serious illness.”
i Unfortunately, this proposal—the heart
of the President’s public health program—
is assailed by its opponents as “socialistic.”
Under Mr. Truman's plan, patients would
be as free to select their own doctors as
they are today, and hospitals and doctors
would remain free to participate or to re
fuse to participate. Still, the empty cry of
“socialism” has proved effective in the past,
and we may expect to hear it raised, again.
It is encouraging, however, that Senator
Taft, while ruling out action at this ses
sion, has evidenced a lively interest in the
matter of public health and an apprecia
tion of the need for more and better health
facilities. He is expected to bring forward
for public hearings later this week a plan
devised by himself and three Republican
colleagues. It contains several construc
tive provisions, but does not embody any
plan covering the controversial matter of
i health insurance.
The real merits of the Taft measure can
' be better appraised when its contents have
been published and after hearings on it
have been held. If it appears that the plan
! will meet the essential health needs of
the country without health insurance, all
j well and good. But the burden of proof
will be on its sponsors, for there are per
suasive reasons to believe that Mr. Truman
is right when he says that health insur
t
/
; ance is the real heart of any adequate
public health program—that without this
feature the people most in need of relief
will continue to go without the medical
care they should have.,
Light
To the average man unskilled in such
matters, the Army Air Forces-National Geo
graphic Society Solar Eclipse Expedition to
Bocaiuva in Brazil may have seemed just
another of a series of‘scientific activities
of little, if any, public importance. But
when it is remembered that light is life,
the larger, more important significance
of the enterprise becomes clear to every
body. What the Washington group of
observers traveled so far to study is
the radiation of the sun, lacking which the
Earth would be a blind and empty desert.
Anything which was learned about that
marvelous phenomenon yesterday will con
stitute a valuable addition to the present
state of knowledge of the power upon
which every inhabitant of this planet
depends for his existence.
It is no accident that the Scriptures
begin with the words: “God said. Let there
be light.” The first element of Creation
obviously is that which illumines, gives
heat, supplies energy. All the terrific force
of the broken atom is but an infinitesimal
fragment of the dynamic vitality of the
Great Orb. John Milton summarized it
when he spoke of the Sun as being “neces
sary.” The Bocaiuva expedition was in
tended to test theories offered by genera
tions of philosophers culminating in Albert
JLlIlSbClU. 11 WttO wiv **vv*v»
light beams coming from stars in outer
space are "bent” as they move near the
center of our cosmic system.
*The expedition possesses equipment un
surpassed for such activity. Advances in
photography in recent years rendered
possible the accurate recording of every
aspect of the eclipse. Modern aeronautics
likewise contributed machinery and tech
niques for the use of the observers
unparalleled in the past. Radio provided
facilities, for verification of time factors
and for the prompt news reporting of the
event. Even had clouds interfered with the
success of the enterprise, some new data
was certain to be gathered. Granted a
clear sky, the practical achievement of
the scientists assembled at Bocaiuva should
be a tremendous gain in Man’s conquest
of circumstance. Knowledge of light, in
creasing from decade to decade, is even
more than life. It is the governance, the
management, the more effective employ
ment of the privilege of being alive. This,
of course, applies to individuals as well
as to the Earth upon which they dwell.
The Daily Worker insists that the Cana
dian spy drama is "discredited” because
some of the individuals accused have been
acquitted. But what about the persons who
were convicted and are imprisoned—is the
public supposed to forget what happened
to them, and why?
Some people are unwilling to believe that
a child can be a hardened criminal. But
they never have sat up with seven-year
old Junior while his parents went out
“"bridging—and learned fFom sad experience
what juvenile depravity actually is.
One thing about the stamp showing
Flldes’ famous painting, “The Doctor,” is
that the public can understand it without
anybody giving a lecture on*what it means.
This and That
By Charles E. Tracewell.
"ARLINGTON, Va.
"Dear Sir:
"One evening at twilight I saw a bird up in
a tree that had a black band around its neck.
“Can you identify it?
"To me it looked the size of the mocker and
about the same color. It may have had other
markings but the black band was all I could se
from my position. I am anxious to know what
it was. "Sincerely yours, E. S.”
* * * *
This bird must be a flicker.
It is 11 inches long, just an inch more than
the mockingbird.
The mocker is gray, of course, whereas the
flicker is more brownish, but with gray mixed
in, so that in poor light it easily might be
taken for gray.
The bird has a bright scarlet patch or band
on the head.
The mark on the neck, or throat, rather, Is
more on the crescent style,' but could be taken
for a band, if seen from the front.
Birds with genuine bands around the neck
are far and few between, as the old phrase
had it.
The kingfisher is one, but its band is broad,
and very light in color.
* * * *
It is interesting to see how good descriptions
of birds may be much too full for general use.
Here is the “blow by blow” description of the
flicker as contained in one of the best of the
larger bird books. Hold onto your hat while
going through it!
“Adult male—crown and hindneck. plain
gray interrupted by a crescentic band of bright
scarlet, the forehead usually more brownish;
back, shoulders, wing-coverts and secondaries
grayish-brown, sharply barred with black bars
much narrower than the brown interspaces
(except, sometimes, on secondaries) ana puimcu
at the extremities, except on secondaries, where
much broader than elsewhere; primaries, dull
black and spotted, at least on middle portion,
with light grayish-brown or dull pale yellow
ish (these spots usually rather indistinct), their
shafts bright clear yellow; rump, white, most!'-’
immaculate but laterally broken by broad
brace-shaped bars of black; upper tail coverts,
white, variously marked (usually transversely'
with black; tail, black, the middle pair of
feathers duller or more olivaceous basally.
usually edged, narrowly, with dull whitish, the
inner web often notched or spotted long edge
with the same; shafts of tail feathers (except
middle pair) bright pure yellow with extremi
ties black: before and above the eye. deep
reddish cinnamon below eye and sides of head
together with chin, throat, foreneck and upper
chest, uniform lilac-brown; cheeks, black,
forming a conspicuous elongated patch or
"mustache’’; lower chest, black, forming a
conspicuous crescentic path; rest of underparts
pale lilac-brown or dull buff-pinkish fading
into white or pale yellowish on sides and on
under tailcoverts, conspicuously spotted with
black, the spots mostly roundish, larger and
subtriangular, sometimes V-shaped, on under
tailcoverts-”
Help, help!
At this point let us break off. There is a great
deal more to it, but surely this is enough to
make any one gasp.
Plain folks may think such a description is
no way to treat a fine bird.
Detail of this nature may be all right from
a scientific standpoint, but surely it does some
injustice to the glowing, living thing it de
scribes.
Science, before whom we modems tend to
bow low, does just that to life.
It takes the life out of life, and presents, in
its stead, a thing of chemicals.
Such descriptions are a travesty on God, man
and flickers.
They belong only in scientific books, and not
in the sunshine, where birds fly and children
play and flowers grow.
r
I •
Operation Torch
Clark and Party Defied Heavy Surf
At Night to Make Trip Back to Sub
(Third of a Series.)
By Gen. Mark Wayne Clark
The waves looked impossible, but we had to
make a try during full darkness or risk ruining
the whole mission.
I decided to make the experiment with Capt.
Courtney. I knew I was going to be soaked,
so I stripped to shorts and my OD shirt. It
was cold paddling around in the water. We
tried one spot and were immediately over
turned by a wave. I had put my money belt
in my rolled-up trousers—not wishing to be
weighted dosgn by all that gold in the turbulent
surf and heavy undertow.
That’s when the pants and my money—later
so notorious in news dispatches—were lost. (I
was amazed when we finally landed at Algiers
to get those pants
back from Mur
phy all cleaned
and pressed. They
had been picked
up on the beach
after our depar
ture; but the gold
was never seen
again.)
That convinced
us a launching
was impossible.
We went back into
the woods to wait,
posting sentries
Ge». Gir»ud. in each direction.
The French kept rushing back and forth to the
house but reported nothing had happened
there.
»TC OUIV UJJt X1CUWUUOU bU VUCbbltti *» A bll
a pocketful of gold to buy or rent a fishing
boat to take us off to the submarine. He had
no success. The fishermen were afraid to
chance such a mysterious mission for any
amount of money.
We talked about possible alternative ways
of getting off. Somebody proposed false papers
and an automobile ride to Spanish Morocco,
but I vetoed that as too risky.
Had Radio Contact With Sub.
I had told Lt. Jewell we might have 'trouble
and to stand by at the second rendezvous one
mile east on the second night, if we didn’t
make it the first. We had good radio contact
with the submarine by walkie-talkie, using
coded phrases. The sub was then only a dan
gerous three-quarter-mile off shore—almost at
the edge of the breakers. This was a very
dangerous spot, but Jewell was a ‘‘can-do boy."
It was getting on toward midnight. The
police had not returned. I was cold, wet,
almost naked, and very hungry. None of us
had had anything to eat since Tessier’s im
promptu luncheon.
I decided to climb up for a look at the
house and see what I could do about some
food and possibly a sweater. Tessier was very
upset. He didn’t want me in the house and
urged me to get out as quickly as possible.
I held out for some bread and wine, a pair of
pants, and two- of Tessier's sweaters—all un
comfortably tight.
I had just started to put the bread and a
couple cf bottles of wine under the sweater
when the police arrived again. Tessier was
the scaredest man I had ever seen. He said
I dare not use the path but "Please, for God's
: sake, get out of the house.”
I was barefoot and my feet were already cut
up from the stones on the path (I painted
them with iodine after getting back on the
fiUU; UUl/ X JUilAJJCU UVC1 me VtU«,HK v** v*»v.
sea-side of the house and dropped painfully
some 10 feet to the path over the bluff, making
my way down to the beach. I groped my way
back to the waiting party about 1:30 a.m.
Capt. (now Rear Admiral) Wright, our Navy
man, had been making a careful study of
the beach to see if there was any place where
the surf was a little lighter. The submarine
was telling us over the walkie-talkie that they
needed a guide light and that none was visible
from the house. By this time the French re
ported the police had gone away again and I
sent one of the men to make Tessier turn on
the light in the window. He had turned it off
during the excitement after the police search.
Pass Two Breakers Successfully.
W<* surrounded our little party like the
plainsmen in covered wagon days with sentries,
armed with carbines, lying down at all sides.
At 3:30 I felt I just could not remain inactive
any longer. “Maybe you and I,” I said to Jerry
Wright, “Could make it; let's have a try.”
At 4 a. m., Knight, Tessier, and Murphy all
stripped and carried our boat out into the
water to try and steady it through the breakers.
We passed the first one OK and I heaved
a sigh of relief when the second loomed up
ahead—gleaming just a little in the starlight
and looking about
a hundred feet
high. I knocked
Wright’s Navy hat
off trying to call
his attention to
what was coming
and he grabbed it
in liuuaii. tvc
made it and were
• in the clear after
we passed the
second breaker.
The other boats
followed immedi
ately but, withou>
Admiral Jerauld Wright. exception Cap
Sized; our musette bags and brief cases loaded
with secret papers were soaked, as were the
papers I had stored inside my borrowed
sweater. We seemed to be paddling for hours
without seeing anything before we spotted the
loom of the Seraph in the blackness.
The others finally arrived and the last was
Holmes’ boat. A big wave batted lt up against
the side of the submarine and broke thr
framework of the faltboat. Col. Holmes jus;
barely made it up the side as the boat filler
and disappeared, his musette bag with it.
This was a dangerous clue to leave behind
A faltboat has an airpocket at each end whicl
might keep the wreck afloat. It could b(
washed up on the beach and. either with 01
| without the bag of papers, it could cause u
and our associates ashore plenty of trouble
Worst of all, the bag contained secret letter
Murphy had given Holmes to deliver in Eng
land. This would reveal Murphy’s presenc
at our rendezvous. My anxiety over the possi
bility of this material being found overshad
owed my elation at having completed the mos
delicate part of the mission.
Reluctantly Start for Gibraltar.
I wanted to stay and look aroui^a little,
j but the sky was already glowing with ap
proaching day and Lt. Jewell was most anxious
to submerge. We reluctantly went below and
started back toward Gibraltar.
We were all soaked and exhausted, and I
asked Lt. Jewell, "Haven’t I heard somewhere
about the British Navy having a nun ration
even on submarines?” "Yes sir,” answered the
lieutenant, “but on submarines only in emer
gencies.” “Well,” I said, “I think this is an
emergency. What about a double rum ration?”
"OK, sir,” said Lt. Jewell, “if an officer of suffi
cient rank will sign the order.” “Will I do?"
I asked.
It seemed that I was a satisfactory signer
and I actually put my name to a formal written
order for a double rum ration to crew and pas
sengers of the P-219.
As the morning wore on, my worry increased.
I felt I simply had to get a message beck to
Eisenhower for relay to Murphy. Much against
Lt. Jewell’s better judgment, we surfaced long
enough to send a coded radio to Gibraltar in
which I reported the lost boat and urgently re
quested Murphy to have the beach searched.
The boat and musette bag were never found,
although my trousers and a light raincoat lost
at the same time did turn up later.
On October 24 we ran on the surface again.
I sent a radio to Gibraltar asking for one of
the two flying boats to pick us up as soon as
practicable and fly us to Gibraltar.
The Catalina picked us up by midafternoon,
while Lt. Jewell and his gallant crew cheered
from their deck.
Cable Ready for Transmission.
I had the following cable ready for immediate
coding and transmission:
"Paraphrased—Following cable from Clark to
Commanding General European Theater of
Operations, London. For Eisenhower’s eyes
only. Begins.
“Brief summary of events to date are given
belcw pending more complete details to be
furnished on our arrival. It was necessary to
stand off rendezvous point for thirty-six hours
submerged under water waiting signal to land
because had not heard from McGowan (Mur
phy) as to exact time of meeting. Finally made
definite contact with him and, weather being
favorable, we went ashore in four canvas
canoes about midnight twenty-second.
"Held conference with General Mast, who
represented General Giraud, and five staff
officers commencing at 0700 ( 7 a.m.) hours on
twenty-third. Following general line antici
pated by you, our discussions are considered
satisfactory. Mast is contacting Giraud today.
Giraud expected to give definite decision by
Tuesday, which is anticipated to be favorable.
I base this conclusion on their favorable
reaction to the size of the force the United
States could make available for such an
operation.
"All questions were settled satisfactorily ex
cept. for the time the French would assume
supreme command. My view on this question j
was submitted to Giraud through Mast for his j
consideration, with the definite understanding i
that my proposal must yet be confirmed by you. j
“Have obtained extremely valuable intelli
gence data which will be prepared as soon as I j
return for immediate radio transmission to
commanders concerned.
Little Resistance Expected. *
"Our operations plans appear to be sound
considering discussions and information re
ceived. Necessity for our being prepared
promptly to occupy Tunisia with airborne units
confirmed abundantly. Anticipate that the
bulk of the French Army and air forces will
offer little resistance whether Glraud assumes
leadership in North Africa or not.
"I promised, during conversation with Mast,
delivery of 2,000 small arms with ammunition
by submarine at earliest practicable date to
vicinity of our
landing. Also
promised to fur
nish submarine to
bring Giraud from
France to North
Africa. French in
sist thfs subma
rine must be
American, initial
resistance by
French Navy and
coast defenses in
dicated by naval
information which
also indicates that
this resistance will Kinr Geor**
fall off rapidly as our forces land.
“Detailed conferences continued throughout
day until 1900 hours when local police inter
vened, having become suspicious of increased
activity in rendezvous area. This event brought
conference to abrupt conclusion. While
Frenchmen flew in all directions, our party
hid in empty repeat empty wine cellar of the
nouse while an argument ensued with the
police. We made for woods near beach during
lull in conversation with police. There we
,'W-aited favorable surf conditions to permit us
to re-embark.
"One boat capsized and was damaged in our
first effort to re-embark and further attempt
was futile in view of high waves. Remaining
in hiding, we made another attempt to em
bark at 0430 on the 23d. After two had cap
sized at beach, all boats reached submarine,
but one was broken while boarding submarine.
"Except for brief surfacing to send message
to Gibraltar, ran submerged during daylight
hours of 23d. With conditions ideal for the
transfer to flying boat available morning 24th,
Gibraltar was asked to dispatch Catalina to
rendezvous with us at sea to expedite return.
Will inform you time and place of arrival
in UK. ENDS.’*
Generals Given Detailed Data.
Ike was delighted and phoned the Prime
Minister to tell him that I was back. Churchill
asked us both for supper that night. The
others were in London getting detailed mes
sages moving to implement what we had
’earned in Africa.
Gens. Patton, Anderson. Fredendall and
Ryder, the field commanders of various parts ot
TORCH were given detailed data as it might
affect their units. It was reassuring to them
to know we had corroborated much of our own
original intelligence work.
A lew days later 1 was sumuiuuea uj
ham Palace where King George talked with mr
about the trip. The date was for 11:30 am. anr
Gen. Eisenhower was with me as the Kin'
wanted to bid him good-by before we took of
for North Africa via Gibraltar. *
My pants had already begun to make
history, for the King’s secretary when intro
duced to me said, “I know all about you.
You’re the one who fnade the fabulous trip,
didn’t you get stranded on the beach without
our pants?”
The King was waiting for us in a large
oom from which all the chandeliers and
lictures had been removed to avert bomb
amage. King George shook hands and im
mediately plunged into a discussion of TORCH.
Je had heard all about my trip and said, ‘‘I
horoughly enjoyed the statement in your
■able that you had been forced to hide in an
empty repeat empty wine cellar.”
King Expresses Distrust of Darlan.
We talked for 40 minutes, discussing Giraud
at some length. The King said, "No one
trusts Darlan,” He recalled meeting the French
admiral at a luncheon and said he clearly
remembered “Darlan’s shifty eyes,”
I felt he was rather moved when he finally
bade us goodbye and said to each of us. In
turn, "Good-by and Godspeed.”
What remained then was to convert the
detailed information obtained on this story
booklike trip into detailed plans and to mak
it pay off. Without exception, the data the
French gave us turned out to be accural
Their confidence in us was, I am sure
strengthened by our being able to comt
through so quickly, not only with informa
tion, but with a far greater operation thar
even they had hoped for.
(Cbpyriaht 1947 by Mark Wayne Clark )
Distributed by North American Newspaper AUiance.
ft
Letters to The Star
Military Training Held Essential
to National Security
To the editor of The Star:
The Constitution of the United States man
dates Congress to provide for the common de
fense of the country. It places upon Congress
the duty of guaranteeing the individual States
against invasion.
While all Americans pray that World War n
will be followed by many years of peace, there
can be no absolute guarantee that surprise
attacks against us, like that at Pearl Harbor,
will not occur.
In its protective capacity, what can Con
gress do to Insure our future security? The
most Important action which can be taken by
the Congress and the American people for the
future defense of the Nation is to provide a
system of universal military training. The
lessons of two world wars should convince
every American who will do a little reasoning
that miltary preparedness is now the onlly
means by which the peace and security of the
Nation can be maintained.
The men who know the real hell of wars—
our war veterans, through the American Legion
—have urged this legislation for many years
and now have presented to Congress their own
sound, civil - administered universal military
training plan.
Our war-veteran President appealed to the
new Congress personally in his initial address to
enact a universal training law, and I heard on
the radio this morning that President Truman
has asked Congress to start hearings on two
bills that have been presented, S. 651 and H. R.
1988.
I sincerely hope that the Eightieth Congress
will ignore the dreamers, pacifists and do-good
ers who are imperiling America by their op
position to youth training. And I hope that
Congress will insure the safety of democracy
and the certainty of peace by enacting univer
sal military training into law.
UMT at best will prevent war, certainly dis
courage it, and, in the event it comes, will
shorten it, thus saving lives, grief, money and
property. ' HARRY F. YOUNG.
Aroda, Va.
Limiting Community Chest
To the Editor of The 8t«r:
It seems to me the Community Chest in re
cent years has gone far astray from the object
sought when it was established. At that time
it was intended purely as a method to take
care-of the various needs in Washington, purely
of a charitable nature.
Prom year to year other objects have been
added. During the war many activities grow
ing out of the war were included, all of which
placed a large burden, not only on the fund to
be subscribed, but on the people who contrib
uted.
It is time we should rethrn to fundamentals,
limiting the agencies to be benefited to those
of a real charitable nature. Let the other ob
jects be taken care of by the District or by
people who are specifically interested.
It should not be difficult to do this.
T. H. J.
Liquor Trade Liability
To the Editor of The St»r:
I wish to express my hearty approval of your
editorial regarding the financing of alcoholism
clinics.
I understand that the liquor industry has
raised the argument that the automobile in
dustry is not taxed because of accidents caused
by automobiles. That may be true, but most
States have a financial responsibility law ap
plicable to all automobile owners, and most
drivers recognize their responsibility by carry
ing insurance to protect others who might be
injured or whose property might be damaged
because of their use of automobiles.
Surely the tax suggested is a very small "in
surance” charge for the treatment of those
whose liberty is not being abridged by being
denied the right to become alcoholics.
There is no comparable protection afforded
to individuals who suffer because of the drink
ing of others. GRACE MEYER.
Lottery Schemes Approved
To the Editor of The Star:
On the question of taxation and how to fetch
in enough money to pay the bills, balance the
budget, reduce the debt, locally, the Washing
ton Central Labor Union (which represents
approximately 150,000) went on record in favor
of a District lottery.
Nationally, the recent convention of the Hotel
and Restaurant Employes’ and Bartenders’
Union, meeting in Milwaukee with 1,200 dele
gates, representing over 400,000 members, passed
a resolution in favor of a national lottery to
reduce taxes, reduce the debt and balance the
budget.
With all of the money now bet locally on
numbers, sweepstakes, etc., and the money bet
nationally on such chances, it seems that our
lawmakers are overlooking one good source of
taxation.
Horse races, bingo, etc., in most places are
legal or overlooked. This source of taxation
should be tapped; then persons taking such
chances would be sure that they are really
getting a run for their money.
CHARLES E. SANDS.
Commends Radio Stations
To the Editor of The St*r:
I would like to express my appreciation tc
those radio stations in town (your WMAL; also
WTOP) that courteously recorded their net
work radio programs prior to the acceptance
of DST. Undoubtedly, this was a costly con
venience to the public for the stations.
People can continue to criticize radio, but
seldom have I heard praise pffered for effort
most of our stations put forth to please the
listeners.
Thanks again to the two above stations for
playing the shows back at their "regular"
imes. AL PENEGtJY.
s-* 0
John Q. m Proper Costume
fo the Editor of The Star:
In his cartoon of May 17, I'm sure Mr. Berry- 1
man has John Q. Public In appropriate garb. If \
the old boy is enjoying the steak, chope and *
butter which he's telling Mr. Bowles about, I'm £
sure he’s still wearing clothes he bought before f
I he war.
Mr. Berryman is losing the common touch.
HAROLD HUGHES.
Old Barn
This old barn is filled with lyric dreams,
Holding still, the shape and sound of
laughter,
For here, boys talked of lazy, purling
streams, ;
And whispered words can reach from
floor to rafter.
Here in the hay toft, where summer’s
breath was sweet,
The brown and freckled lads lay in
autumn weather,
While on the roof the murmur of pigeon ~
feet
Fell softly as the falling of a feather.
\ spider binds the years with a silken skein,
And through the cracks, gentle sunlight . '
fingers
'ark the place where eager dreams have
lain,
And here in shadow, lost young laughter
lingers.
ALMA ROBISON iSOBER.
A \

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