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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 21, 1947, Image 5

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Drop in Factory Jobs,
Home-Building Cited
As Warning to U. S.
ty tfc* AukmW Prw«
The Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today that an April decline
in industrial employment and a poor
Showing in the construction Held
“point to soft spots in our economy
which will need careful watching.”
The dump In factory jobs was the
first since the reconversion low in
February, 1046, according to a re
port by Commissioner of Labor Sta
tistics Ewan'Clague.
He named “resistance to high
prices’* as the main factor in hold
ing back construction, where sharp
gains had been expected.
Mr. Clague did not join those
economists who predict that a re
cession soon will bring widespread
“We are on a crest, but the crest
may be a plateau on which we may
stay for some time—perhaps a year
or two,** he told reporters after is
suance of the monthly report on
Manufacturing employment fell
off 140,000 in April, the report
showed. Total nonfarm employment
declined 368,000, but this figure in
cluded the soft coal miners’ "safety
stoppage” and persons Idled by the
telephone strike. Farm employ
ment rose by about 500,000.
The falling-off in factory jobs
showed up mainly in textiles, ap
parel, tobacco, leather and rubber.
The report said “construction activ
ity, which had been counted on to
bolster employment later this year,
showed only a moderate seasonal
increase, rather than the hoped-for
sharper gains.”
It added the upturn in building
employment was about 106,000 in
April, or “at best” only a normal
spring rise.
The most significant lag was in
the start of new houses. About
62,000 new permanent dwellings
were begun, or 4,000 below the April,
1946, level. This was the third suc
cessive month in which new dwell
ings failed to equal the number
started in the corresponding month
of last year.
(Continued From First Page.)
would admit 3,500,000 persons to
"These people would be able to
vote,” Mrs. Becker said. "Think
what this would mean especially in
large cities. Do Jiou want to give
up your hard-earned heritage to
those who were not willing to
earn it?”
Vote to Commend FBI.
The delegates shouted a resound
ing “no” and voted to “make this
conviction known to their respective
In voting to “dedicate them
selves, not casually, but earnestly
to the business of recognizing and
exposing communism wherever it is
seeking to entrench itself or has
already done so,” the delegates ap
proved a resolution stating that the
safety of the United States is now
gravely threatened by the “aggres
sive presence” of the Communist
Along the same line, the DAR
voted to commend the Federal
Bureau of Investigation for crime
detection and for "exposing or
ganizations and Individuals who
seek to undermine or destroy the
American way of life.” The society
congratulated Congress for appro
priating adequate funds for the FBI.
Truman Subversive Stand Praised,
President Truman was com
mended "for his endeavor to cleanse
our public offices from alien anc
subversive influences and to require
of all public servants unquestioned
loyalty to the principles of oui
republican form of Government.”
The society also voted to petitior
Congress through member chapter;
to make adequate appropriation;
for the continued work of the Housi
Committee on Un-American Activi
ties in “exposing enemies withir
our midst who aim to undermini
our American institutions and sys
tem of government.”
Declaring that the social, eco
nomic and spiritual mind of thi
United States is under unusual pres
sures and conflicts, “demanding wisi
and comprehensive steps in build
ing for the unity and cohesivenes:
of its citizens” the society callec
on Congress to retain and enforci
the 1924 immigration laws and t(
continue the registration of al
aliens here.
The 1924 act restricted immigra
tion to a quota system allocatinf
a definite number to each na
Oppose Federalized Education.
Contending that the proposed
educational bills for Federal aid for
education would not provide true
equalization of educational oppor
tunities, the society expressed its
opposition "to all legislation which
would place control of education j
in the hands of the Federal Gov
ernment, thereby removing State j
Another resolution, however, rec
ognized that children of the Nation;
are suffering from understaffed!
schools and unqualified teachers. In
this resolution, the society sug- j
Bested that local chapters urge:
their State legislatures and their
boards of education to pass bills
guaranteeing to teachers “just and
adequate compensation for their
services and sufficient for economic
In a resolution on "teaching young
America,” the society declared that
"one of the most subtle and danger
ous methods of implanting false and
un-American ideas in youthful
minds is either by loose and care
less interpretation or by deliberate
misrepresentation of the true facts
of history, the integrity of great
American characters and the prin
ciples of the United States Govern
The society voted to dedicate it
self to keeping classrooms and pub
lic libraries “free from insidious
doctrines and interpretations.”
Attacks Radio Crime Stories.
The society also voted to oppose
any Federal legislation tending to
ward “further regimentation and
centralization of Government and
the removal of State control.”
Another resolution urged radio
networks and stations to eliminate
crime stories “for the sake of the
American youth and the future
safety of our country.”
The defense of the Constitution
Hall ban on Negro performers came
from Mrs. David D. Caldwell, chair
man of the Buildings and Grounds
Committee, who told the delegates:
"We realize fully that you occa
sionally read some bit of unfavorable
publicity in your hometown news
paper of something that has oc
curred at Constitution Hall. But
that which you have read is usually
Inspired by puhhcity seekers or rad
DAR PAGES HAVE THEIR ANNUAL DANCE-Hard-worklng pages serving at ‘
nental Congress of the Daughters of the American Revolution donned their finery last night
for the traditional pages’ ball at the Mayflower Hotel. Here, Miss Patricia Harshman, George
wLhtogtonSiVrsEHodent (right), tees the page's sash for Miss Carol Ann Righter of
. Haddonfleld, N. J.__^ _ •
leal groups who are trying to exploit
certain minorities.
“In contract to such things, how
ever, the managing director has a
file of commendatory letters from
representative American groups and
individuals voluntarily stating their
appreciation of their pleasant ex
periences and courteous treatment
as our guests.”
Cite* Tnskeegee Concert.
She also cited the concert given
in Constitution Hall at the invitation
of the DAR by the choir of Tuskee
gee Institute. Reporting that the
DAR paid all expenses In connection
with the operation of the hall for
the occasion and that the United
Negro College fund profited to the
extent of $5,394, Mrs. Caldwell cited
the concert as “a notable contribu
tion to the welfare of Negro educa
tion” by the DAR.
As last-minute electioneering for
the two candidates for president
general neared its climax today, Mrs.
Julius Y. Talmadge interrupted to
day’s session to order the campaign
ers to take their “political campaign
literature” out of Constitution Hall
immediately. Mrs. Talmadge was
roundly applauded when she told the
campaigners that the society did not
permit distribution of campaign lit
erature on the buildings or grounds
j of the DAR.
Delegates to the convention will
I hear two full slates of national can
didates formally nominated tonight.
Tomorrow they will go to the polls
for the triennial election.
Veterans of many DAR election
battles said they believed this was
the closest election race in many
years of DAR contests.
Heading the opposition slates are
Mrs. Stanley Thorpe Manlove of
Newburgh, N. Y., now recording sec
retary general of the society, and
Mrs. Roscoe C. O’Byme of Brook
ville, Ind., now registrar general.
Candidates’ Chances Reviewed.
Tloro'c fVio wav hflplrprfl onrt nnrw
Program of the DAR
Concert 8 until 8:30.United States Navy Band Orchestra,
Lt. Comdr. Charles Brendler, leader
Assembly call—.Robert De Hart, Musician 2/e, U. S. Iforine Band
Entrance march_United States Navy Band Orchestra
Entrance of the President General and all candidates for
national office and honorary office, escorted by the
Pages with State Flags. „ „_
invocation -- _Dr. John D. Hayes,
The Covenant-First Presbyterian Church
Pledge of allegiance to the flag-Mrs. Marshall Pinckney Orr,
National chairman, Correct Use of the Flag Committee, leader
The National Anthem....rri --rT_-Th® Asff“bl,^’.r
Mrs. T. B Throckmorton, leader
Report of Committee for Erection of Memorial Bell Tower at Valley
Forge ..Mrs. Frank Edgar Lee, Historian General and chairman
__.Dorothy J. Waldman, pianist
Concerto Opus 25..Mendelssohn
Molto Allegro Confuoco
Presto —, ,
Valse C sharp minor..—.Chopin
President General
First Vice President General
Second Vice President General
Third Vice President General
Chaplain General
Recording Secretary General
Corresponding Secretary. General
Organizing Secretary General
Treasurer General
Registrar General
Historian General
Librarian General
Curator General
Reporter General to the Smithsonian Institution
Six Vice Presidents General
Honorary Vice President General
Retiring of the Colors
Orean recital °905 until 9:3M>trs. James Shera Montgomery, organist
2JSS«Si.:. IWbert De Hart, Musician 2/c, U. S Marine Band
Entrance of the President General and National Officers
escorted by the Pages.
Congress called to order—.-.The President General
Scripture and Prayer...The Chaplain General
The pledge of allegiance to the flag.Mrs. Frank G. Berryman,
Vice chairman, Correct Use of the Flag Committee, leader
The National Anthem..
Mrs. T. B. Throckmorton, leader
Final Report of Credentials Committee-Mrs. Percy B. Matthews,
Reading of the minutes....-The Recording Secretary General
Report of the Resolutions Committee-Mrs. Grace L. H. Brosseau,
* Chairman
Reports of National Committees: (continued)
Americanism ..—Mrs. Charles A. Herfurth, chairman
American Red Cross....Mrs. George D. Schermerhom, chairman
Daughters of the American Revolution Good Citizenship
Pilgrimage_..Mrs. John T. Gardner, chairman
Daughters of the American Revolution Manual for Citizenship,
Mrs. Howard A. Latting, chairman
Daughters of the American Revolution Student Loan Fund,
118 Mrs. LaFayette LeVan Porter, chairman
Ellis Island-Angel Island—Mrs. W. Arthur S^tiort, chairman
Address: “The DAR’s Contribution to the RehabiUtation of
Patients at the United States Marine Hospital,
Dr Vemam T. Davis, director Neuropsychiatric Service,
Dr. vemam *Btates Marine Hospital, Ellis Island
Motion Picture _Mrs. LeRoy Montgomery, chairman
Announceme^ ---.--Mrs. John S. Heaume,. official reader
Recess _
__ . —** X. •% r i-1 n /. TT C? tfnrina I3or\^
Assemoiy can_n-vucxu v, •>/ ~ --
Reports of National Committees: (continued)
Filing and Lending Bureau..--Mrs. David E. French, chairman
National Defense_Mrs. William A. Becker, chairman
Music ......Mark E. Walker, flutist
Joanna Floyd, accompanist
Fantasie Pastoral Hongroise.-.Francois Doppler
Allegretto....Benjamin Godard
Genealogical Records.Mrs. H. J. Dunavant, chairman
Insignia__-.Mrs. Howard L. Hodgkins, chairnjan
Report of Special Committee: . ,
War Bonds and Stamps. .Mrs. Russell William Magna, chairman
Motion Picture: “America the Beautiful,’’
United States Treasury Department
Announcements..-Mrs. John S. Heaume, official reader
Recess __
nents size up the chances of the
two top candidates:
Compared to Mrs. O'Byrne, Mrs.
Manlove is relatively a newcomer to
the ranks of national officers. Mrs.
| O’Byrne has been a vice president
; general, national chairman of the
Good Citizenship Pilgrimage Com
mittee and chairman of the power
ful Resolutions Committee.
Mrs Manlove has served only one
3-year term as a national officer, but
her backers point out that her per
sonal popularity is so great that
three years ago when delegates had
to poll for two days to elect their
national officers, only Mrs. Manlove
and one other candidate were able
! to win clear majorities on the first
1 night of balloting. The other candi
! date was Mrs. Charles Carroll Haig
of the District, who is running on
Mrs. Manlove’s slate for the office
of first vice president general.
Mrs. O’Byrne’s supporters con
tend she has the backing of the
present administration which has
traditionally been an advantage.
She is a close personal friend of
: Mrs. Talmadge, and was elected
to her present national office on Mrs.
1 Talmadge’s ticket. Although holding
office in the present administration,
1 Mrs. Manlove was elected on a split
' ticket after running on the oppo
1 sition slate.
Campaign Organized.
Both sides concede that Mrs. Man
love has a more spirited campaign
organization. She has been cam
painging actively for a year and has
. a campaign director in every State.
! On the other hand, Mrs. O’Byrne
has been a candidate only a month.
one was sexeui/eu wj 1111
dacy left vacant by the death of Mrs.
John Logan Marshall of Clemson,
S. C., on April 14.
Meanwhile, both sides are watch
ing every indication of how the
voters feel. Mrs. O'Byrne was given
an ovation when she made her re
port yesterday as registrar general.
Traffic was tied up for blocks when
Mrs. Manlove held her campaign
reception the day before.
Neither candidate is getting any
sleep. Mrs. Manlove has attended
120 luncheons since the Congress
started Monday. , Mrs. O’Byrne
; managed to reach six luncheons
in one day.
The delegate# last night paid
their respects to their retiring presi
dent general at a formal reception
in Constitution Hall. First down
the receiving line were the DAR
pages, who then rushed off to a ball
of their own at the Mayflower Hotel.
Escorts provided for them included
cadets from West Point, midship
j men from Annapolis and officers
| stationed here.
| (Continued From First Page.)
Appropriations Committee refused
to give it any more funds on the
ground its functions have never
been authorized by Congress.
In the relief fight the House,
which previously voted to limit the
American share for the rest of this
vear to $200,000,000, must pass on
the action of its conferees in yield
ing to the Senate on the adminis
tration original estimate of $350,
■ While these developments were
taking shape at the Capitol, a seven
man Army mission left by plane for
Greece to check that country’s needs
under the $400,000,000 program of
economic and limited military aid
to Greece and Turkey.
Col. Lehner Heads Mission.
The mission to Greece is headed
bv Col. Charles R. Lehner. A similar
mission left Monday for Turkey.
A House subcommittee approved
the Mundt MU yesterday soon after
. V
Gen. Eisenhower, Army Chief of
Staff, stressed the need for con
tinuing to foster world understand
ing of American democracy. He told
the subcommittee the program
should be based on "truth and only
truth,” because "anything else will
recoil and defeat, you.”
Before acting, however, the sub
committee adopted several ’imita
tions designed to meet arguments
that have been raised against the
State Department’s broadcasts and
other information activities.
Most important of these restric
tions is the right of Congress to
terminate the program by passage
of a joint resolution which would
not require the President's signa
Other Provisions of Bill.
Other provisions include:
1. An FBI screening of all pres
ent and future employes.
2. Reciprocity with other na
tions, wherever possible, in the ex
change of students, educators and
professional men.
3. A ban against sending abroad
educational assistance which is
“not in keeping with the free demo
cratic principles and the estab
lished foreign policy of the United
4. A directive to the Secretary of
State to use "private agencies”
wherever possible to carry out the
program’s objectives.
5. Deportation of any person, here
under the exchange program, who
engages in political activities or
activities inconsistent with this
country’s security._
Fulbright to Speak
By th« Associated Pros*
21.—Senator Fulbright, Democrat
of Arkansas, former president ol
the University of Arkansas, will de
liver the commencement address at
the University of Virginia gradua
tion exercises here June 16.
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Dismissal Plea Denied
For 20 Charged With
Contempt of Congress
Justice Alexander Hoitaoff of Dis
trict Court today denied motions to
dtanfam indictments against 30 per
sons charged with contempt of Con
gress for failure to comply with sub
poenas of the House Committee an
Un-American Activities.
The 30 include 17 persons described
as members of the governing body
of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee
Committee. They are charged with
conspiracy to prevent the House
committee from gaining access to
the refugee committee’s records and
with failing to produce the records.
Dr. Edward K. Barsky is described
as the chairman of the group, which
includes Howard Fast, the writer.
justice Holtzoff upheld the right
of the House to create the investiga
ting committee and he held valid
the resolution which created it. The
defense attack on the House resolu
tion, based on freedom of speech,
was held “without merit.”
Also named on a single charge of
failing to produce the records is
Miss Helen R. Bryan, said to be
executive secretary of the refugee
committee but not a member of the
governing body. She is not charged
with conspiracy.
Others whose motions for dismis
sal of indictments were denied, and
who are not members of the Anti
Fascist Refugee Committee, were
Richard Morford of the National
Council of American-Soviet Friend
ship, Inc., and George Marshall,
listed as chairman of the National
Federation for Constitutional lib
erties, who were charged only with
failing to produce records before the
House committee.
In response to the freedom of
speech plea, Justice Holtzoff said:
«• • • freedom of speech is, in
itself, a qualified right. The first
amendment does not, for example,
preclude the Congress from exclud
ing obscene matter from the mails
or-from the channels of interstate
oommerce. It does not guarantee
to any one the right to incite others
to commit a crime. It does not pre
clude the Congress from punishing
persons who advocate the over
throw of Government by force.”
The motions had been taken
under advisement by Justice Holt
zoff on May 9._
By Frances Lida
The candidacies of two local
women for national office in the
Daughters of the American Revo
lution may force the society’s 56th
Continental Congress to settle a
constitutional issue.
Both sides are reported to have,
sought legal counsel in the contro
versy which centers about a section
in the DAR by-laws providing that
no two members from the same
State chapter shall serve as a vice
president general at the same time.
The two candidates involved are
Mrs. Charles Carroll Haig, who is
running for the post of first vice
president general on the ticket
headed by Mrs. Stanley T. Manlove,
and Mrs. Roy O. Bowker, who has
been indorsed by the District Society
for one of the six positions of vice
presidents general at large.
Supporters of the Manlove ticket
contend Mrs. Haig’s candidacy is
not affected by the provision in the
by-laws. They point out the offices
of first, second and third vice presi
dent general were set up as cabinet
posts in the administration of Mrs.
Henry M. Robert, jr., and assert
that they correspond to the position
Mrs. Haig now holds as treasurer
Opponents maintain, however,
that if both Mrs. Haig and Mrs.
Bowker are elected, one would have
to withdraw, under the DAR rule.
They also claim that, as a State
indorsed candidate, Mrs. Bowker
would have the preference.
Although Mrs. Bowker is an in
dependent candidate, she Is known
to have the support of the second
slate entered in the DAR election—
that headed by Mrs. Roscoe C.
didate for nomination to public i
office. • * *”
The "following person” named In
the petition was Earl Browder, then
a candidate for Congress.
Three similar petitions beating
Marzani’s name as “circulator” also
were introduced in evidence by the
prosecution. Marzani denied having
any recollection as to the circum
stances under which those petitions
were circulated or as to what he
did with them after obtaining signa
__ . ___
I ruman
(Continued From First Page.)
the President’s return to his hotel,
showing plainly in his face the signs
of a day that he said found his
mother a little weaker, if anything.
The marks of strain and weari
ness were on Mr. Truman when he
walked into his hotel early last
Two hours later Charles G. Ross,
presidential press secretary was re
laying a report from the White
House physician, Brig. Gen. Wal
lace H. Graham, that Mrs, Truman
had eaten fairly well of fried
chicken, mashed potatoes, gravy and
milk and was "apparently feeling
better than she had been in the last
three or four days.”
Gen. Graham reported that Mrs.
Truman was full of fight and de
The decision of the President to
remain here indefinitely, conduct
ing official business from his moth
er’s small frame home and his hotel
suite, was reinforced yesterday with
tentative planning for the signing
here tomorrow morning of the $400,
000,000 Greek-Turkish aid bill.
Eben Ayers, assistant press sec
retary at the White House, said
in Washington that the bill would
be flown to Missouri, probably to
day, for the President’s signature.
Mr. Truman will be joined here
tonight by his wife, who is travelling
from Washington by train.
(Continued From First Page.)
fact that while serving in Washing
ton during the war as an Army
sergeant, Marzani took compensa
tory leave for overtime work and
was later billed $1,200 by the Gov
ernment on the ground this leave
was unauthorized. Marzani told
the court he put in for the leave
in compliance with a general order
by Maj. Gen. William F. Donovan,
OSS chief.
XiJ'Ulg W n«un*uivv»i
Pressed by Mr. Kelley, Marzani
replied with some heat:
“I am trying to remember what is
likely to have happened and my rec
ollection is that I don’t recollect.”
Another question from Mr. Kelley
drew the comment from Marzani,
a Phi-Beta Kappa man, who studied
two years on a fellowship at Oxford
University, that it did not “strike
a chord of reminiscence.”
Marzani earlier told the jury he
had never seen two of the principal
Government witnesses who testified
against him last week. They were
George Hewitt, a New York mem
ber of the Communist Party, and
Archer Drew, a New York police
undercover agent. Both identified
Marzani as the "Tony Whales”
whom they knew in New York as a
Communist “educational director.’’
Discussed “Police Brutality.”
The defendant said he met a
third Government witness, Louis
Harper, among a group discussing
“police brutality” in the East Side
apartment where Marzani lived with
his wife.
“There had been an incident,” he
said, “concerning the beating up
of two Negroes * •
“We are not concerned with that,”
Justice Keech said quickly.
Mr. Ford said the testimony was
designed to establish a basis for
recollection of the meeting.
“Yes, sir,” said Justice Keech,
“and it could have other purposes,
too.” Nine of the jurors are col
Denies Being Communist.
Marzani said the New York police
accused him of being a Communist
in 1941, but later apologized. He
admitted having been at Communist
Party headquarters at 44 Avenue C
"several times,” to pick up his wife
on the way home from work, or for
dances, election- rallies or—once—
for a group discussion.
Flatly, Marzani told the court he
had not been a Communist—that
his only affiliation was with the
Marzani also testified under cross
examination that his wife, the for
mer Edith Eisner, was a member of
the Communist Party, and was
sometimes known as “Edith
Cli&rlcs **
Marzani completed his testimony
shortly before noon.
Mr. Kelley and Defense Counsel
Charles E. Ford agreed there was a
“good chance” the case might go
this afternoon.
Tells His Life Story.
Marzani yesterday told his life
story—the career of an immigrant
Italian boy who became a trusted
Government servant in an important
war post.
Mr. Kelley concentrated on a
petition Marzani admitted having
signed and circulated in New York
in 1940. Marzani had told the court
this petition merely sought to assure
that the Communist candidate’s
name be included on the ballot.
Marzani said he signed It not to
help the Communists, but “as a serv
ice to myself as an American Dem
Mr. Kelley read the text of the
petition to the Jury. It was ad
dressed to "the board of elections of
the city of New York,” and said In
, part:
"* • • I Intend to support at the
; ensuing election and do hereby nom
inate the following person as a can
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t s
Two From D.C. Seek DAR Posts,
Raising Constitutional Issue
Mrs. Charles Carroll Haig (left), shakes hands with Mrs.
Roy C. Bowker at a breakfast at the Mayflower this morning.
Mrs. Wilfred J. Clearman, State regent of the District organiza
tion, is in the center. —Star Staff Photo.
Asked her position on the issue,
Mrs. O’Byrne declared she inter
preted the by-laws to mean that, if
both are elected, only one of the
two candidates could serve.
Mrs. Haig’s supporters say the two
positions also differ in that the vice
president general at large must have
the indorsement of her State organ
ization—which is not required for a
cabinet office.
Opponents retort, however, that
the DAR parliamentarian, Mrs.
Hampton Fleming, ruled last fall
the by-laws do not make any pro
vision for there being a State-in
dorsed candidate for vice president
general and a candidate for a
cabinet vice president general from
the same State, territory or the
District of Columbia.
, Those campaigning for Mrs. Haig
contest such an opinion. When the
positions of first, second and third
vice presidents general were set up,
they say, it was clearly understood
they were not to be confused with
the positions of vice presidents gen
eral at large. They claim the com
mittee reporting on the cabinet
changes recommended that the
three new officers be called counsel
ors or directors, so their status
would not be in doubt and were over
ruled by the National Board, only
on the grounds that it wasn’t
Both sides are awaiting election
returns before discussing their
strategy, should both District wom
en be victorious at the polls.
Mks. Haig’s backers say, however,
the issue must be settled one way or
another. And they express confi
dence that a parliamentary decision
adverse to their candidate could be
overruled on the floor of the DAK
American Labor Party. In a blan
ket denial of the prosecution
case, he shouted his answers unti
Justice Keech repeatedly admon
ished the defendant to restrain him
s«f:“’"-~. • ai.
Boiler Blast Injures 11
In Pittsburgh Steel Plant
By the Auodated Prei>
PITTSBURGH, May 21.—Elever
men were injured early today when
a boiler and furnace exploded at th*
Lockhart Iron & Steel Co. planl
in nearby McKees Rocks.
The blast ripped a huge hole hi
one side of the 12-inch mill building
constructed of brick and reinforced
by steel girders.
Most of the injured were caughl
under a shower of bricks and piece*
of steel in the yard.
Assistant Fire Chief Nick Radk
of McKees Rocks said there evident
ly was a shortage of water in th*
Miss Baylor Chapter Head
Spacial Dispatch to Tho Star
21.—Miss Anna Lloyd Bayler was
named president of Lawson Both
Chapter, United Daughters of th*
Confederacy at the recent annua!
business session.
Two Ships Allocated^
To Student Exchanger
The state Department announced
yesterday the first large-male
change of students and teAcISjs
between the United States and Eu
rope since the war will take place
this summer, with up to 7,-000
Americans expected to go to Brttala,
France, Austria and Scandanagbn
countries for special studies. «
Two ships, each capable of canry
ing 925 passengers, have been al
located for the student exchange.
The first will sail June • from Now
York. The two ships will make
four round trips each during ttya
summer. There was no estimate
of the number of European stu
dents and teachers who may coma
to this country.
The exchange was arranged by
the State Department's Interna
tional Exchange of Persons, a pgft
of the Office of International In
formation and Cultural Affairs, fdt
which the House has refused to M
propriate any funds beyond June 20.
Arrangements were made In co
operation with the Institute of In
ternational Education, a private or
ganization in New York, which k
bearing the administrative cost of
the project. The individuals trav- /
eling to and from Europe will pay
their own expenses._
FBI Withdraws Agents
From Latin America .
•y th* Aiiecwtad Pr*»
Hie Federal Bureau of Investiga
tion has disbanded its intelligence
organization in Latin America, ac
cording to a spokesman for tip
agency. ;
He refused to elaborate except t*
say the FBI had maintained “quip
an organization” in Latin America
during the war. H£ added, however,
he was unable to say how many
agents had been used.
Withdrawal of the FBI from th*
Latin American field was taken as
an indication that the Central In
telligence Group, the Government's
overall intelligence agency, is taking
over and consolidating all Intelli
gence work under its wing.
Available Army officials to com
ment, or said they knew nothing
about reports that the central group
also is taking over its world-wide
intelligence functions.
Hie Central Intelligence Group
includes representatives of the State
Department, the Army and the
Death Sentence Commuted
For Trieste Officer's Slayer
By the Associated Press
ROME, May 21.—The death sen
tence Imposed on Maria Paaquinelli,
34-year-old Italian woman convicted
of killing British Brig. R. W. M. de
Winton at Pola, February 10, was
commuted to life imprisonment at
hard labor today.
The commutation was issued by
Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee of the
United States Army, acting su
preme commander of Allied forces in
Miss Pasquinelli, a former school
teacher, testified at her trial in
Trieste she killed Brig, de Winton as
a protest against the terms of the
Italian peace treaty. She said she
wanted no mercy.
The Allied military government in
Trieste said yesterday it had re
ceived petitions bearing “well over
250,000 names," asking clemency.
Trans-Jordan Capital
Is Guarded as Arabs
Celebrate for King
By the Associated Press
AMMAN, Trans-Jordan, May
21. — The British - officered
Trans-Jordan Arab Legion
heavily reinforced its capital
garrison today to cope with
the expected exuberance of
Arabs celebrating the first an
niversary Friday of King Ab
dullah’s accession to the throne.
Dignitaries from throughout
the Middle East, together with
members of Palestine consulates,
including the American, were
expected to participate in cere
monies commemorating the
event. A huge midaftemoon
feast will be held in fradltional
Arab fashion.

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