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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 22, 1947, Image 1

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President Signs
Greek Aid Bill
Institutes Historic
Foreign Policy in
Simple Ceremony
Ry th« AtjocioUd frit
President Truman today signed
the $400,000,000 Greek-Turkish
aid bill setting in force a historic
American foreign policy of bol
stering weak countries against
outside aggression as a :: sup
port” to the United Nations.
He called it "an important step
In the building of peace” and said
it offered "proof” that the United
States will make "a vigorous effort
to help create conditions of peace.'
"The conditions Of peace,” he said,
"include the ability of nations to
maintain order and independence,
and to support themselves econom
The President, his face drawn and
worried after anxious days at his
mother’s sickbed, read his statement
to a group of reporters.
Looking up from his text he de
parted from it once to reiterate that
the bill “is a stejf for peace and sup
port of the United Nations.”
“I can not emphasize that too
Press Complimented.
He also signed Immediately an
executive order transferring certain
administrative authority to the
Secretary of State.
Press Secretary Charles G. Ross
said the appointment of an admin
istrator of the program was “being
worked on In Washington today.”
In his brief talk to newspapermen,
the President complimented the
press of the United States for its
“great contribution” to the people
by informing them of the purposes
of the legislation.
The signing took place in the din
ing room of his Hotel Muehlebach
suite. Afterwards, he took the re
porters into the living room and
solemnly read his statement.
The measure, a far-reaching de
parture in international relations of
this Government, became law with
Mr. Truman's pledge that it would
not be used to benefit “any particu
lar group or faction.”
Envoys. Get Instructions.
He announced that United States
Ambassadors in Greece and Turkey
were being instructed to "enter into
immediate negotiations” with the
two governments for the expendi
ture of the funds, which he asked
for March 12 to help halt the spread
of Communism in the Near and
Middle East.
In his brief statement, the Pres
ident called the measure “proof that
the United States earnestly desires
peace and is willing to make a vigor
ous effort to help create conditions
of peace.”
Replying to the objections raised
against it in congressional debate
that It would “bypass”, the United
Nations, Mr. Truman declared it
would help further U. N.’s aims,
and added:
"Our aid in this instance is evi
dence not only that we pledge our
support to the United Nations but
that we act to support it.”
Of the other contentions that the
money would be used to support so
called “reactionary” administrations,
the President had this to say:
"We intend to make sure that
the aid we extend will benefit all
the peoples of Greece and Turkey,
not any particular group or faction.”
The President originally planned
to sign the bill in a White House
ceremony last Monday. He can
celled this when his mother's seri
ous illness at nearby Grandview
brought him flying to her bedside.
Flown From Washington.
The legislation was flown here
yesterday from Washington. It won
final congressional approval a week
ago today after two months and
three days of bitter debate.
That debate revolved around one
standout question:
Will "the "Truman doctrine" lead
to eventual war with Russia?
The bill, as finally passed, pits
not only American dollars but
American military equipment and
"know-how" into the campaign to
stop Communist expansion short of
the Mediterranean.
It calls for the money to take the
form of-loans, .gifts or other ad
vances as determined by the Presi
dent. And it authorizes "limited"
military missions.
Turkey is to receive up to $100.
000.00ft of the total, exclusively to
modernize her army.
The $300,000,000 remainder is ear
marked ‘ for Greece, to be divided
equally oetween military aid and re
lief and rehabilitation work.
Text of Statement.
Following is the text of the Pres
ident's statement today in signing
the aid program:
"The act authorizing United States
assistance to Greece and Turkey,
which I have just signed, is an im
portant step in the building of the
peace. Its passage by overwhelming
majorities in both houses of the
Congress is proof that the United
(See GREEk~AIDrPage X-6~
Britain is Allocated Part
Of American Coal Exports
fty the Associated Press
LONDON, May 22—The 17-nation
European Coal Organization agreed
unanimously today that the United
Kingdom should receive an alloca
tion of American coal provided
American exports to Europe exceed
9,000.000 tons in the third quarter
of this year.
J. Eaton Griffiths, chairman of the
Coal Organization, said there were
reasonable prospects that Britain
would receive almost her total bid
of 1,200.000 tons, as United States
exports' to Europe were likely to be
10.200,000 tons during the period.
Britain, previously a supplier of
roal for allocation to the other 12
Vuropean importing nations, had for
ehe first time requested to be in
cluded among the importers.
Marzani Case Goes to Jury;
Defense Charges Persecution
Counsel Addresses Emotional Appeal to Nine
Colored Members of Panel in Loyalty Trial
Tlie case of Carl A. Marzani
went to a District Court jury
at 2:20 p.m. today after Jus
tice Richmond B. Keech, in
his instructions, told the six
men and six women to remem
ber that “the Communist
Party is not on trial here.”
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
Charles E. Ford, defense coun
sel, today presented Carl A.
Marzani to a District Court as a
persecuted man. He appealed
directly, in his summing-up
speech, to the nine colored
members of the District Court
panel which will be called on
later today to decide Marzani’s
Marzani, former employe of the
Office of Strategic Services and the
State Department, is charged withj
concealing from Government loyalty
examiners Communist Party affilia
Mr. Ford seized on a phrase Mar
zani is said to have used at an earlier j
hearing—that he was “tired of per
“You know what that means,”
Mr. Ford told the jurors. “You have
lived here. I don’t have to tell you
what persecution is. But there
comes a time when you get tired
of it.” r<
The attorney shouted, whispered
and cajoled in his 70-minute ad
dress. Again and again he repeated
the words: “I’m tired of this perse
"Somebody says something about
you, and you look at them and say
it’s not true, and they keep saying
it—but they show you nothing to
prove it,” Mr. Ford said.
Scornfully, he discussed the credi
bility of Government witnesses who
have testified they knew Marzani in
1940 and 1941 in New York as “Tony
Whales,” a Communist branch
He described George Hewitt, New
York Communist, a Government
witness, as a "confessed perjuror”
who gave a wrong name and swore
to uphold the Constitution of the
United States when applying for a
passport visa for Russia, where he
(See MARZANI, Page~A^t)
President's Mother
'Progressing Nicely,'
Doctor Encouraged
Voice Grows Stronger;
Truman Family Continues
To Stay at Bedside
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
President Truman’s mother “Is
j still progressing nicely,” accord
| ing to Brig. Gen. Wallace
Graham, White House physician,
who is attending 94-year-old
Mrs. Martha Truman at her
home in Grandview.
There was no effort to minimize
the “serious" condition of the pa
tient, but Gen. Graham said that he
still felt encouraged by her recupera
tive powers and had no reason to
'change the optimistic viewpoint
about her chance for recovery which
;he expressed yesterday.
Gen. Graham said that “Mother
Truman's voice is stronger" and that
she had a “very good breakfast.”
It was evident, however, that
President Truman is making no
plans to return to Washington Im
When the President went to
Grandview this morning accom
nanied bv Mrs. Truman, he took a
batch of official papers on which to
work. He also got a large amount
of work done in his Kansas City
hotel apartment earlier.
Earlier President Truman said
there was "no perceptible change”
in his mother's condition and he
seemed much worried.
Mrs. Truman was placed in an
"oscillating bed” yesterday after
noon. Propelled by a motor, the
bed makes a weaving motion that
is an important aid to the pa
tient's circulation.
The bed was brought in as a
surprise, and before she was moved
info it, Mrs. Truman sat for an
hour or so in her old cane-bottomed
rocking chair, rocking gently as she
talked to members of the family.
Ruins of Roxas' Plane
Found; 18 Feared Dead
By Associated Press
MANILA, May 22.—The wreckage
of a luxury air liner carrying at least
11 Philippine government officials'
and a crew of seven was found to
day on a mountainside on Minda
nao. It was the personnel plane of
President Manuel A. Roxas. All on
board were believed dead.
President Roxas has ordered Maj.
Gen. Rafael Jalandoni. chief of staff
of the Philippine Army, to fly to the
scene of the disaster and direct op
The plane, once the flagship of
Lord Louis Mountbatten when he
was the Allied commander in South
east Asia, had been scheduled to
| fly to Paris soon to bring bark
I Filipino Vice President Elpidio
| Quirino.
Searchers reported the wreckage
was strewn over a wide area 8,700
feet up the slope of Mount Katan
glad. 15 miles northwest of Malay
balay on Northern Mindanao. They
said there was no sign of life.
Incorrect traps which show tower
ing Mount Katanglad in the wild
Bukidnon Plateau region as 7.800
feet instead of its actual 9300 feet
apparently brought disaster to the
plush-lined, twin-engined aircraft.
On U. S. for Feeding
Reich in 1948 Seen
British Reported Likely
To Ask America to Pay
Her Share of Imports
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, May
22.—A bill to American taxpayers
for approximately $750,000,000
for feeding 46,000,000 Germans
in Western Europe was described
today by American economic
sources as “a prospect for 1948.”
These sources said the British,
! worriedly making deep inroads on
! their postwar loan from the United
States, would be compelled in the
next few months to ask the United
States to pay Britain's dollar share
of German food imports.
Under the American-British eco
nomic fusion of their occupation
i zones, each of the two countries this
year presumably were paying half
iof the estimated cost of $692,000,000
I to save the bizonal population of
140,000,000 from starvation.
60 Per Cent in'British Area.
Nearly 60 per cent of the popula
tion is in British territory, but the
American military government
agreed last winter to accept half of
the financial obligation because It
reasoned that the American zone
never could be self-sufficient alone.
The United States also has made
frequent overtures to France to ef
fect a tri-zonal merger, bringing an
other 6,000.000 Germans into the
American-British framework.
IT the French agree later to full
economic integration of the three
zones, some American officials here
said, it may be on the condition that
the Americans “temporarily” pay for
food imports for the French-ruled
Officials estimated the French re
quirements might tap the United
States Treasury for up to $50,000,000
a year.
The French zone has consistently
posted a lower official ration than
the remainder of Western Germany.
A tri-zonal merger would entail a
uniform ration.
7 76 Ships to Reach Reich
By July 18 With Food
BERLIN, May 22 <7P).—Bremen
port authorities announced today
that 116 ships loaded with nearly
1,000.000 tons of food were arriving
from May 1 to July 18 to alleviate
the critical shortages in the Ameri
can and British occupation zones.
While five of the ships were un
loading in Bremen and others were
discharging' food cargoes in Ham
burg and Emden, Air Marshal Sir
Sholto Douglas. British military i
Governor, told the Germans they
had no right to demand continued
sacrifices from Americans and Brit
ons to feed their conquered land.
He advised German politicians to
collect and distribute better the
available foodstuffs.
Col. Hugh B. Hester, chief of the
Food and Agricultural Division of
(See GERMANY, Page A-5.)
Patterson Leaves by Air
For Leavenworth Speech
Secretary of War Patterson made
a flight to Fort Leavenworth, Kans..
early today, where he is to address
the officer student body of the Com
mand and General Staff College.
Accompanying him on the trip
and return flight to Washington to
morrow will be Supreme Court Jus
tice Rutledge and Maj. Gen. Henry
S. Aurand. War Department direc
tor of research and development.
Clark Tells of 'Freedom Train'
To Stress America's Heritage
Attorney General Clark said
today “a positive and demanding
need has arisen in our country
for emphasizing the blessings of
the American heritage.”
To meet it. he outlined to a White
House gathering of prominent citi
zens from all parts of the Nation
plans for sending a "Freedom Train”
across the United States.
It will bear the Declaration or
Independence, the Bill of Rights,
the Emancipation Proclamation and
other treasured historical documents
to be viewed by citizens in every
The tour will start in Philadel
phia on September 17, the 160th an
niversary of the adoption of the
.Constitution. The train will be in
I Washington around mid-November.
The Justice Department, Mr.
Clark said, has in its possession
“shocking evidence of disloyalty to
our Government,” of violations of
civil liberties, of juvenile delin
quency, and of “the activities of
professional bigots and other dis
rupters of American unity.”
“Future events will take the meas
ure of our way of life,” he declared
in a prepared address. “The con
tinuing crises of the postwar world—
both foreign and domestic—will try
our mettle again and again.
"Our proposal today is not a long
range program. That should be
handled by , the experts in the field
of education. These times call for
something more dramatic, something
with an immediate impact.
"The spearhead of this program
will be the Freedom Train. This is]
(See FREEDOM TRAIN, Page A-«.)
I *
Move to Reopen
Voter List Fails
As DAR Elects
Request Causes
Floor Controversy;
20 Resolutions Pass
Election-day tension at the
the Daughters of the American
Revolution 56th Continental
Congress erupted in a floor fight
today when an attempt was
made to get the registration re
opened so late arrivals could be
accredited to vote in the tri
ennial election.
The heated discussion broke out
while more than 1,000 delegates were
lined up in double file through the
corridors of Constitution and Me
morial Continental Halls to vote in
what the experts call the closest
race in recent DAR history.
Just before the floor controversy,
the members had passed 20 resolu
tions without any discussion, includ
ing one urging that the Womens
Army Corps be made a permanent
part of the peacetime Arnfy.
The floor fight started after Mrs.
Julius Y. Talmadge, president gen
eral, reported that some delegates
wanted to reopen the registration so
members delayed by bad weainer
could vote. When a delegate In the
back of the hall rose to make a
speech, Mrs. Talmadge cut her off.
Another delegate immediately rose
to move that the parliamentarians
rule to close the registration as of
4:30 p.m. yesterday be sustained.
Spectators Try to Vote.
Mrs. Talmadge called for a
voice vote, but the response to ayes
and nayes was so close that a count
was ordered. Confusion resulted
when it developed that alternates
and other spectators were attempt
ing to vote along with the accredited
Mrs. Talmadge ordered the ac
credited voters to come to the front
of the hall so the tellers could view
their voters’ badges. The parlia
mentarian’s ruling was sustained,
and the registration remained closed.
The mystery centered on which
candidate's party wanted the regis
tration reopened. It was generally
conceded that the candidate who
feared she would lose the election
had inspired the move to get more
The flurry died down and the
principal speaker of the session, Dr.
Vemam T. Davis, director of the
neuropsychiatric service at the Ma
rine Hospital at Ellis Island, rose
to address the gathering. He began
by commenting that he had “en
joyed sitting here and watching
your president extricate herself
from what looked for a moment like
a difficult situation.’’
Final Count May Be Delayed.
Balloting started at 8 a.m. and
returns are scheduled to be an
nounced tonight, but members were
warned that a final count might be
delayed indefinitely. The hour at
which the polls will close was to be
determined by a vote of the congress
The 2.469 women entitled to vote
began lining up half an hour be
fore the polls opened.
In addition to the WAC resolu
tion, the society reaffirmed its op
position to all legislation leading to
Government censorship, dictation, or
control of radio broadcasting. Re
adopting a 1946 resolution, the so
ciety emphasized that freedom of
radio ranks with freedom of speech.
In other resolutions, the society
opposed any move by private in
terests to obtain exclusive use of
200.000,000 acres of Western range
and forest land now in public hands;
voted per capita contributions for
continuance of DAR committees;
pledged a $5,000 gift to the Nurses’
National Memorial as a memorial
to Miss Clare Benton, a charter
member of the DAR, and favored
the creation or development of four
areas as national parks or shrines.
Committee Reports Heard.
Before passing on the resolutions,
the delegates heard reports from
several of their national commit
tee chairmen. Reporting on Amer
icanism, Mrs. Charles A. Herfurth
commended the work of the District
DAR at the Americanization School.
Mrs. George D. Schermerhorn,
chairman of the American Red
Cross Committee, proposed that the
society make a project of collecting
$1,800 for an air-conditioning unit
in the Wa liter Reed Hospital day
room for psychiatric patients.
In urging the speedy enactment
of legislation to make the WAC an
integral part of the Regular Army,
the DAR was following the request
of Gen. Eisenhower, who addressed
the society Monday night and ad
mitted he was doing a "bit of lob
bying” for the WAC.
The society also voted to create a
scholarship fund at one of its ap
proved schools, at Tamassee, S. C..
as a memorial to Mrs. John Logan
ir'nnfimlAri nn Pflcp A-5. Column 1.)
Cost of Living in D. C.
Reaches New Peak
The cost of living in Washington
took another jump between March
15 and April 15, to reach a new
record, the Bureau of Labor Sta
tistics reported today.
The bureau said prices on April
15 were 17.5 per cent above a year
earlier and 57 pier cent above Au
gust, 1939. The increase in prices
between mid-March and mid-April
was estimated at 0.1 per cent.
Pood prices declined 0.5 per cent
during the 30-day period, the Labor
Department agency noted. This was
offset by advances in clothing,
housefumishings, fuel oil and gaso
line prices.
The Agriculture Department,
meanwhile, reiterated that it ex
pected a gradual decline in food
prices this summer and fall as the
new crops are harvested.
A review of the national food sit
uation reminded consumers, how
ever. that no “precipitous decreases
in prices appear" likely.

Too Many Broths May Spoil the Cook
Chinese Reds Attack
Inside Changchun as
Chiang Speeds Planes
Two Red Forces Routed by
Nationalists, but City's
Peril Is Emphasized
By the Associated Press
NANKING, May 22.—Chinese
dispatches described a bold
Communist guerrilla attack in
side Changchun today as the
Government rushed a “sizable”
force of warplanes in an effort
to ease the Red grip around the
besieged Manchurian capital.
Communist soldiers in plain clothes
sneaked into Changchun early Wed
nesday and attacked three police
stations. Nationalist reports said.
A small numbfr of uniformed Reds,
meanwhile, carried out p sortie
against the city's south gate.
The press accounts said both
Communist forces were routed, but
they pointed up the peril to Chang
chun and the grave turn In China'*
civil war.
Nationalists who recaptured Hung
chuling, 38 miles southwest of
Changchun, are moving toward the
capital, other dispatches said, in an
attempt to dislodge Communists
blocking the flow of reinforcements
to the embattled city.
Two Nationalist Armies on Way.
Unconfirmed reports from Mukden
said two Nationalist armies were
on the way to Manchurian battle
fronts as reinforcements. Chinese
dispatches acknowledged loss of
several points around Kirin, 60 miles
Other dispatches told of fighting
for two airfields in Changchun sub
urbs still in government hands.
South of China's Great Wall, Reds
were reported to have infiltrated
into the Mentoukou coal-mining
area, about 20 miles west of Peiping,
and to have attacked Nationalists
13 miles northwest of Tientsin.
Martial law was declared in Muk
den, where Japan began her con
quest of Manchuria in 1931. But
even as machine-gun posts were go
ing up, the city’s tawdry dance halls
continued to do a thriving business.
Several Students Reported
Hurt in Shanghai Fights
SHANGHAI, May 22 (£>).—Several
students were reported injured,
some seriously, in fights today be
tween striking and nonstriking en
rolees at Shanghai universities.
The trouble began at National
Chinan University, when members
of the Youth Army’s 202nd Division
rushed to the campus in an attempt
to rescue former division men, now
students, who were among the non
Late Bulletin
Bogart and Burnett Win
Ralph Bogart sank a 60-foot
putt today for a birdie 2 on
the 17th hole to beat Bobby
Brownell, 2 and 1, In the fea
ture semifinal match of the
Kenwood Invitation Golf Tour
nament. His final round op
ponent this afternoon was
Volney Burnett, who defeated
Nick Hollander of the host
club. 6 and 5, this morning.
(Earlier story on Sports Page.)
Navy Will Check
Blood of Sailors
At Bikini Test
By th» Associated Press
The Navy announced today that
a complete blood count has been or
dered for all men still in service who
took part in the Bikini atom bomb
tests last year.
The order was described by a Bu
reau of Medicine officer as a “'rou
tine followup.”
Secretary Forrestal directed the
checkup be made.
Between 35,000 and 40,000 Navy
men were in the vicinity when two
atom bombs were exploded July 1
and 25 in the Pacific last year. Most
of them were due for discharge at
that time and the Navy does not
know how many still are in service.
Earlier, a Navy official said no ill
effects from the atom bomb tests
have been found and declared there
is no cause for alarm.
New Teacher Pay Bill,
Lauded as Excellent,
Heads for Enactment
Instructors Would Get
60% More Than in 1939;
Administrators, 40%
By Don S. Warren
Unanimously approved by the
Fiscal Subcommittees of both the
House and Senate District Com
mittees.‘the revised teacher nay
bill today was headed for early
Chairman Bates of the House
subcommittee will ask the full Dis
trict Committee, meeting this after
noon, to send the bill to the House
calendar. Similar action will be
sought by Chairman Cain of the
Senate subcommittee, at a session of
the Senate District Committee next
The bill would give teachers an in
crease of $150 beginning July 1
over present temporary levels, or
$600 above the old basic scales. Both
chairmen called the measure an ex
cellent compromise between the
levels first sought by school author
ities and the no-increase stand
originally taken by the Commis
$14,000 for Corning.
As now drafted, the bill calls for
a flat salary of $14,000 for the su
perintendent of schools. Dr. Hobart
M. Coming. He now is paid $10,
000 and would go to $11,000 on
July 1, under present legislation.
The Board of Education had recom
mended $15,000 for the school head,
but this was shaved down since
the maximums requested for teach
ers had been cut by $200. Cor
responding cuts were made in new
tops for supervising officials.
Senator Cain and Representative
Bates, heading the fiscal subcom
mittees, told reporters the pay
scales now recommended would
place Washington in a, high rank,
but not at the top, among the larger
cities. They said only four cities
now have higher scales and that
the new Washington levels would be
the same as two others.
Good Bill, Bates Says.
The new levels here, officials said,
would give administrative officers
40 to 45 per cent more pay than
(See TEACHERS’ PAY, Page A-6.1
Truman May Ask Law Providing
Arms for Americas and Canada
By Garnett D. Horner
The administration plans a new
drive in this session of Congress for
broad authority to “transfer” mod
em United States military equip
ment to Latin American countries
and Canada, it was learned today.
President Truman is expected to
ask Congress soon for special legis
lation. designed to enable this Gov
ernment to take the lead in a pro
gram to standardize the armies and
navies of this hemisphere.
The program would involve in
creased United States co-operation
in training the fighting forces of
other American nations, as well as
supplying them arms and all forms
of Army and Navy equipment.
Secretary of State Marshall, Secre
tary of War Patterson, and Secre
tary of the Navy Porrestal have
agreed that the program should be
pusnea ior action ac tins aemvu w
Congress, informed officials said.
Plans were set to call for the War
and Navy Departments to “carry
! the ball” in the drive for early con
! gressional action, although Gen.
Marshall is understood to have
agreed to lead off testimony before
congressional committees in support
of the opposed legislation.
A similar program was proposed
to Congress last year by President
Truman, but it died in the House
Foreign Affairs Committee without
action. Passage this year appears
highly uncertain, in view of the
crowded schedule facing a Congress
pressing for adjournment by
August 1.
The administration decision to
renew the request for congressional
action has been delayed because
Gen. Marshall succeeded James F.
(See ARMS, Pegs A-d.)
May Defends Efforts
To Intervene With
Army for Garssons.
Showing Fatigue, He
Tells of Aid to Banker
Seeking Commission
By Robert K. Walsh
In an attempt to justify his
intervention with the War De
partment in behalf of the Gars
son brothers, former Represent
ative Andrew J. May, testifying
in District Court today, brought
in the names of Mrs. Eleanor
Roosevelt, the late Maj. Gen.
Edwin M. Watson, military aide
to President Roosevelt,, and
Secretary of War Patterson.
May, who is on trial with Henry
and Murray Garsson on charges of
conspiracy to defraud the United
States, told the jury how he made
an appointment with a New York
man to see the then Undersecretary
of War Patterson about getting an
Army commission in 1942. The man
told him, May declared, that he had
originally seen Mrs. Roosevelt and
Gen. Watson.
Summarizes Other Acts.
In other testimony at tne tnai
today May:
1. Defended his action in writing
letters to Gen. Eisenhower in behalf
of the court-martialed son of Mur
ray Garsson in 1945.
2. Listed a half-dozen war pro
duction firms other than the Gars
sons, for which he said he inter
ceded with the War Department.
3. Denied having seen or having
had anything to do with Cumber
land Lumber Co. invoices indicating
that lumber had been shipped from,
the Kentucky concern to Illinois
companies in the Garsson munitions
com bine. Government witnesses
have testified that no lumber was
ever shipped and that the invoices
were typed in Garsson offices in
Chicago. The Government contends
the lumber company was used as
front- through which May was paid
by the Garssons for his services.
Shows Signs of Fatigue.
The 71-year-old former chairman
of the House Military Affairs Com
mittee showed signs of fatigue as he
took the stand this morning for the
fifth day. His attorney, Warren E.
Magee, reported that May com
plained of having felt slightly ill
Asked by Mr. Magee to describe
the 1942 meeting with Harvey L.
Schwam, a New York banker, on
the Army commission matter, May
gave the following version:
He was leaving his Roosevelt Hotel
apartment early in the morning
when Murray Garsson asked him to
come into the Garsson apartment
there to meet Mr. Schwam. The
New Yorker told him, he'said, that
he had been promised a commission
but that, it had been canceled as he
was preparing to leave for an Army
camp. • |
Made Patterson Appointment.
"He said he originally took it up
with Mrs. Roosevelt and Gen. Wat
son the President’s military aide."
May continued. “I told Mr. Schwam
I would call Undersecretary Patter
son. I did this and made an ap
pointment. Then I went to my office.
Later in the day Mr. Schwam came
to my office and said he had talked
to various officials in1 the War De
partment. He said he was told he’d
have to take off 4§ pounds. I don't
know whether he ever did.
"I don’t know what happened
after that. But I never gut him a
Testifying about his letters to Oen.
Eisenhower concering the court
martial of Capt. Joseph Garsson In
April, 1945, May asserted that his
(See GARSSON, Page A-2.)

Progress Is Reported
In Korea Conference
ly tha Asiociatad Prow *
SEOUL, May 22.—The joint
American-Soviet Commission seek
ing agreement on establishing a
unified provisional government of
Korea was reported to have made
“very favorable progress” on ad
ministrative matters at its first
closed business session today.
"We covered every point on the
agenda but one,” Maj. Gen. Albert,
E. Brown, chief American delegate,
told newsmen. He refused to dis
cuss the agenda, saying a joint
statement would be issued to
Senate to Vote
Monday on Plan
To Delay Tax Cut
Byrd Asks Bipartisan
Program Be Set Up
On U. S. Financing
By J. A. O'Leary
Senator Byrd, Democrat, of
Virginia today urged the Senate
to delay action on a $400,000,000
tax cut and called on the Demo
cratic and Republican Parties to
establish a bipartisan economy
program to back up the biparti
san foreign policy which has
worked so well this year.
In a Senate speech, he opposed
passage of the tax-cutting bill until
Congress has demonstrated it is
going to reduce Federal spending
by that much or more.
He spoke just before the Senate
agreed to vote at 4 p.m. Monday
on a Democratic motion to post
pone action on the tax-cutting bill
until June 10. Senator George,
Democrat, of Georgia, author of
the postponement motion, said the
voting time was satisfactory to him.
Senator Byrd told his colleagues:
“We have determined on a bi
partisan foreign policy. Our ability
to carry out our commitments un
der this policy is dependent on our
fiscal solvency. It would seem that
a oiparusan policy iui rencnumicu*
and economy should be the founda
tion stone upon which to build our
foreign policy, since America can
perform these commitments only by
keeping strong at home.’’
Sees Divergent Actions.
Instead of bi-partisan action ‘‘on
the vital question of preserving our
financial strength,” Senator Byrd
continued, “we find that the Presi
dent has said his budget should not
be reduced one dollar, and the
Republicans cannot make up their
minds on a spending ceiling.
“The 1,141 bureaus cry to the high
heavens whenever one dollar is
taken off of any of their appropria
tions. Yet, an analysis of the ap
propriations show that virtually
every peacetime bureau is receiving,
even under any reductions at this
time made, substantially more than
in peacetime years.
“I know of nothing that would
strengthen our hand abroad and
encourage Americans at home more
than for the Republican and Demo
cratic leaders to have a bi-partisan
policy for economy at home as we
have in our policies abroad. One is
necessary to implement the other.”
Wants Sharp Budget Cuts.
Although Senator Byrd joined
other leading Democrats in sup
porting Senator George's motion, he
went further than most of his col
leagues by urging sharp reduction
in administration's bud fire t for the
coming year.
Senator Byrd warned the Repub
licans that the $1,250,000,000 surplus
the Treasury expects to have on
June 30 is the result of a temporary
inflation which has boosted tax col
lections. He said tax revenue that
comes from inflation "may be here
today and gone tomorrow,” and is
not a reliable barometer on which
to base tax reduction.
The enly substantial basis for cut
ting taxes is to reduce the cast of
government, he said, insisting that
as of today only $87,214,000 of actual
savings have gone through both
Against that meager sum. Con
gress has authorized $400,000,000 for
Greece and Turkey, which was not
in the Truman budget in January,
Senator Byrd pointed out.
Wants Tax Action to Wait.
Although Republicans insist they
will succeed in cutting $4,500,000,000
from the Truman budget when all
appropriations bills have passed.
Senator Byrd's plea was that the
Senate had better wait until it is
accomplished before cutting taxes.
If sufficient economies are made
eventually, Senator Byrd said he
would vote for the bill.
Minority Leader Barkley and Sen
ator Tydings, Democrat, of Mary
land were prepared to speak when
Senator Byrd concluded.
Chairman Millikin of the Finance
Committee which amended and ap
proved the House bill was willing to
give the opposition all the time it
While Senator Millikin held to
his prediction that the Immediate
action group will prevail on the
showdown, he has been checking
the membership list, name by name,
with Senator Wherry of Nebraska,
the .Republican whip. Senator
Wherry was not so confident.
"This is going to be the closest vote
in a long time,” he said.
Col. McCormick Says Taxes
Prevent New Enterprise
Col, Robert R. McCormick, editor
Tribune, says existing tax laws pre
vent new industries and production
of new instruments.
He told the Pennsylvania Com
mandery. Military Order of tha
Loyal Legion of the United States,
last night that America’s economic
civilization has sprung from inven
tions and conceptions of a compara
tively few individuals.
.Col. McCormick said:
‘‘Under our present taxation any
(Sei~TAXESTPage A-6.)
Basket Dealer Reports
Loss of $1,400 in Holdup
A basket dealer told police he was
robbed of »1,400 this morning by two
men who entered his shop at 711
Ninth street S.W., and escaped in
a car driven by a third man.
The dealer. Prank M. Hurst, 58,
said the men were colored and ap
peared at 7:35 am. while he was
counting the money on a desk.
Alone in the building, Mr. Hurst
said he was confronted by a .45
caliber automatic and a demand by
one of the men: "I want it."
Mr. Hurst said he obliged, turning
over four *100 bills and the rest in
*20s. tlOs and (5s.
The dealer said the men fled in
k black 1937 or 1938 Ford coach
bearing Maryland tags.

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