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Democrats in Senate
Out to Make Tax Cuts Major Party Issue By David Lawrence The controversy in the Senate over the question of passing a tax bill now or waiting till the appropri ation bills have been passed has de veloped into a < major political j row. The Demo- i eratic Party ini the Senate is1 playing very, poor politics by its determina tion to make a party issue of the matter of tax reduction. For, if the coun try gets the im pression that the Democratic Party is an ob ■true tioniat .party and does not want really to cut down Federal spend ing, the only thing left for the Na tion will be to Increase the Repub lican majority In the 1948 election. , The argument for postponing tax reduction until later in the session Is based on the belief that the budget cutters should have their inning first and that tax reduc tion should then be confined to what savings are left. This Is a fallacious line of reasoning. Ac tually the only real way to get the spending down is to pass a tax reduction bill first and commit Con gress to the lowering of expendi tures. The advocates of postponement are not all in favor of the bureau crats. Men like Senators George of Georgia and Byrd of Virginia simply differ with their Republican col leagues as to which should come first—passage of appropriation bills or the tax bill—and these two Dem ocratic Senators favor waiting. Their theory la that this will require Con gress to come to grips with the fix ing of the budget of appropriations. Actually, for several weeks now the cutting of Federal expenses has been blocked by the hundreds of bureaus in the Government, aided and abetted by the Truman admin istration, which committed itself last January to the spending of a $37,500,000,000 budget, and now it la conceded that not only were the expenses for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1947, overestimated but the receipts were underestimated— a mistake of $3,500,000,000. Democrats Lined Up. The Democrats have lined up their party members solidly behind post ponement till mid-June, and the significance of the maneuver lies in the fact that if the tax-reduction bill doesn’t pass before then and reach the White House for action. July 1 will have arrived and the administrative difficulties of making a tax cut effective on that date will be multiplied. Every day of postponement now imperils tax reduction this year. The administration Democrats are aiming for tax reduction for 1948, when they hope it will be to the political benefit of the Truman ad ministration. The Democrats who usually do not vote with the ad ministration are playing along with the strategy, because they conscien tiously believe the appropriation bills should be passed first and that cutting of the Federal budget should j in some respects be deeper than it has been. But the truth is the Senate is get ting ready to restore many cuts which were made in the House ap propriation bills. This means that back of the drive to postpone tax reduction is a conviction that a Sen ate majority will not uphold Federal budget cutting to any important ex tent. The real budget cutting will take place in conference. So the real issue is whether the budget will be cut, and those Demo cratic Senators who favor no further cuts are working for postponement along with those Democratic Sena tors who think this is one way to put the Republicans on the spot and force them to cut the budget or ad mit they cannot meet the goal they set for themselves. Test of Party Loyalty. The Republican* in the Senate are lining up defensively, but there are only 51 of them, anyway, so a de fection of three or four Senators who have consistently deserted their party heretofore could lose the motion for the Republicans and sidetrack tax reduction. This will be a real test of party loyalty and of Republican cohesion. Those who stray from the party will not easily Justify their right to wear the party label if, on a meas ure wherein the Democrats vote solidly, the Republicans do not mus ter their full strength. Defeat of th$ Republican effort to press for tax reduction now cannot hurt the Republicans as much as the Democrats, for the Incident may serve only to emphasize still further that the spenders of New Deal days are strongly entrenched and that it may take another Republican land slide to* give the taxpayers the relief they thought they were going to get when they voted as they did In the 1946 congressional elections. (Reproduction Rights Reserved. 1 Dmrid Unnei. TINNIng n experienced mechanics Takoma Shoot Motal Works Taken* Park, D. C. 5113 Bertram ouggoiti OT GIFTS OF I FINE LEATHER For Wedding or Graduation She will travel smartly with this smooth, light and beautiful > wardrobe ease Shown in rich. topgrain cowhide, fine rayon ’ linings and brass lock. Sised to accomodate eight dresses and >: other travel necessities. •$43.50 Matching SI’ Week End Case. ••SUM •Pla* Tax 0920 14th St., hat. lya anti K This Changing World Chiang Government Collapse Seen With Increased Chaos in China By Constantine Brown Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek’s government is in such a predica ment that its collapse before the end of the year would be a surprise to few to Wash ington. The end of the Kuomintang regime is ex pected to result in a more chaotic situation than exists now to China. The Victories of the National ist armies have been short-lived. The American trained troops have begun to lose their grip. They suffered losses both in men and war material In their successful campaign against the Yenan Com munist forces, and no replacements for either have been made available. Meanwhile, the forces of Gen. Mao TSe-tung, which yielded be fore the onslaught of the modem Chinese armies, have been re grouped, have obtained vital war materials, have rejuvenated their officers’ corps by the addition of specialists, and have succeeded in reeling back the tired Nationalist army. Troops Dispirited. Gen. Chiang s troops are reported ■ to have become dispirited. Many !are deserting, while others are sur rendering to the Communists, who | receive them with open arms. The rank and file of Chinese j people do not care who wins. They are not Interested in politics, ex cept to favor the side which robs them the least. So long as Mao iTse-tung’s agents do not tax too heavily the population’s dwindling supply of rice or wheat, the Com munists are welcome. Gen. Chiang’s administration has other major troubles besides mili tary defeats. The Nanking govern ment is responsible for maintaining some kind of an economy. Its in ability to sustain the currency, to provide even a minimum supply of food and to keep some semblance of law and order have caused strong repercussions in the large cities, where the Kuomintang used to be strong. i ■ ... ..... ■■■ ...-- ■ ■ The population in such cities as Shanghai. Nanking and other over populated centers is rising against the administration because of the lack of food and other necessities. The government is using strong arm methods to suppress these out breaks and there is little hope that It can handle the situation by re moving the shortages which are driving the people to despair. Be cause of the widespread famine and the absence of almost every kind of consumers’ goods, TJNRRA supplies sent to China are like a drop in the ocean. "VnKures” Ignore Millions. Speculators, black marketers and a host of other vultures who feed on tragedy and disaster are living lux urious lives and ignoring the mil lions of hungry Chinese. The Chi nese have a proverb to the effect that it Is all right to be rich, even very rich, but it is a crime to be too rich. The big Chinese cities have quite a number of “too-rich” per sons. i Few question uie painousm ma exemplary honesty of the general I issimo himself. But there fire around him a number of unscrupulous per sons who are interested chiefly in their own enrichment. Their selfish ness and dishonesty give the Kuo mintang’s opponents, who are by no means all Communists, plenty of ammunition for propaganda. It is not difficult to realize how unstable Gen. Chiang's regime has become when to these economic troubles is added the severe defeats which the armies of Gen. Mao have Administered to the Nationalist armies. Some Chinese lay at least part of their troubles at the door of America's mistaken diplomacy, which for almost a year wasted precious time attempting to bring about unity between the Kuomln tang and Communists. They main tain that if our representatives in China had realized early in the game that Gen. Mao was merely playing for time, using the nego tiations to further undermine the National government while he rein forced his own military forces, the present situation might have been avoided. As it Is, the American Govern ment is confronted with another big headache as confusion In China becomes deeper and more wide spread. _ Oaaataattaa Brava. Man to Man Housewives Should Organize ‘Sugar’ March on Agriculture Department By Harold L. Ickes AH over the country fruits and berries are now or soon will be ripening. Housewives are washing 1 up their home canning equipment. They might bet ter be organiz ing a broom bri gade for a march on the Agriculture de partment. A storm may be expected to arise when the housewives dis cover that they are not going to get any extra sugar for can ning this year. Agriculture un doubtedly is per fectlng excuses which will quiet the lowering storm. Its arguments will be that sugar is still in short supply, and that transportation is in a state. As a last resort it will make the appeal that anyway the sugar ra tioning program was invented by the OPA, and hence is a vestigial remnant which ought to be pre served in a museum. To meet the expected complaints, the sugar officials have granted each person “at least 35 pounds” of sugar this year, an Increase of 10 - pounds over last year. But the joker in the proceeding lies in the lack of an extra allowance during; the period when fruit is ripening. Complaints of “Fast One. It was persistent complaints about the rationing of sugar that hastened the demise of the OPA and resulted in the present increased allotment to domestic civilian users. But by increasing the yearly allotment the Government has not softened the bitterness arising out of the un pleasant, fact that, whereas last summer there was an allowance of an extra 10 pounds for canning, this summer the housewife has been promised a coupon for only 10 pounds of sugar which must last to September 30. It is no wonder that complaints have arisen that the Government has put over a fast j one on the home canners for the | benefit of the Ifend-me-down prod ucts. The complaints have come chiefly from the women of the country, largely farm or suburban, who were unable to get sugar for canning last year and, as a result, were com pelled to spend high prices for ready-made Jellies and preserves. Certainly the complaints that I have received were from those who were thrifty enough to do their own canning and had the means to do so—all except the sugar. Home can ning ought to be encouraged. It not only means a lower cost of liv |ing, it makes for the well being of the family. Moreover, there are those who think that home-made jellies and jams, generally speaking, are to be preferred to those made in factories. Restricting tne nome on “> wonderful for the canning factory. When the housewife cannot can her own fruit, she is compelled to buy the factory's product at an inflated price, and because the housewife cannot can her own fruit, there is more fruit available for the com mercial canneries at a deflated price. Moreover, regardless of price, the suburbanite or the fanner who pro duces small quantities of fruits for his own use is not equipped to pick and market that fruit. So it simply rots on the ground. Defense of Rationing. In defense of its rationing of sugar. Agriculture says that there is only so much sugar and that the industrial users have been cut as well as everyone else. What they do not say is that industrial users are now employing more syrups, as they are equipped to do, as a sub stitute for sugar. The production of com syrup has doubled; that of cane refiners’ syrup is up eight times over prewar production. These are not rationed. And most of this in creased production is going to in dustrial and commercial users of sugar. Further, there is no scarcity —at least such a scarcity as we have been asked to believe. In fact the Cuban sugar crop this year is ex pected to be nearly a million tons greater than last year. The American housewives would be willing to adjust themselves to a scarcity in supply. The substance of their complaint is that the sugar rationing program has been used to change the buying habits of the Nation to the profit of the industrial users of sugar. They maintain that they have been shortchanged on sugar so as to be compelled to bujf manufactured products at high prices Instead of using their home canning and baking facilities. They feel that had it not been for the determined forcing of home canners into the market for manu factured products, the prices would have fallen long ago. Our Government can do curious things at times. And so can our businessmen. They are all for a "competitive market,” they are for “competition" and “individual in itiative”—or pretend to be—except when the competition and the in dividual initiative are real. (Ooprritht, 1947.) Harold L. Iekea. Answers to Questions A reader can obtain the answer to any question of fact by writing The Evening Star information Bureau, 31A Eve street N.E., Washington 2. D. C. Please enclose three (3) cents for re turn postage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. Where are the highest tides on the Pacific Coast of America?— V. A. a. A. They occur at Tumagain Arm, Cook Inlet, Alaska. Q. In what country do twin births occur mostly frequently?—W. D. H. A. The highest proportion of twins is found in Belgium, according to available records. Q. Is the ivory-billed woodpecker still found in any part of the coun try or has it disappeared entirely?— O. McB. A. Only a few of them now re main in existence, Inhabiting a heavily forested tract in Louisiana. The ivory-billed woodpecker is one of many birds that are gradually disappearing. The Smithsonian In stitution reports that at least 50 North American animals are now in danger of extinction. Q. Why does snow melt first around the bottom of a tree?— C. K. B. A. The Weather Bureau says that when snow falls the trees prevent the ground directly beneath them from becoming so deeply covered as the areas not so protected. Then, when warmer weather comes and the snow melts, bare ground will be seen first beneath the trees. Q. What is the life span of a mouse?—J. R. A. According to the Fish and Wildlife Service, the usual length of life of house mice is 15 to 18 months, but an individual mouse may live as long as six years. Q. What is a leprechaun?— G. B. F. A. In Irish folklore a leprechaun is a little fairy usually In the form of a tricky did man. who. If caught, may reveal the hiding place of treasure. Q. What plants now grown in this country originally came from China? —T. M. A. Such plants include oranges, soybeans, tung oil trees, sorgho, camphor trees, proso millet and i chrysanthemums. Q. Was the boy who stood on the burning deck in the poem “Casa blanca” a real person?—H. E. A. A. The boy was Giacomo, the 10 year-old son of Louis de Casablanca, French naval officer. He was on board his father's ship, the Orient, during the Battle of the Nile in Au gust, 1798. Father and son went down with the ship. [NEW FOOD — ByGluyasWililams I row—i *» T**m a*mm* L» /|L _ S-A3- *T ££Bit I ! vwxoecs WHVMOTxre is TAKING SPECIAL BAINS I WITH HIS SUPPE.B.TW5 j riRST ‘SF0CHFUL NOW KNOWS SHE’S TRV7N6 TO PALM OPF HEW WOP ON HIM HE POESNTUKE If/ WVSNONEEPWMOfflEJfc SALES WX ABOUT MOW 6COP SPINACH IS TURNS ft*K ON HER.BUT THERE 16 SPOONFUL WATTING KK HIM. RESIS TANCE K WORN pom , THEM M0THEI? U5ES UN-' fAfl? TATK5 8V H0LDIH6 HIM WITH ONE HAND ANP reepw6 wm wiw cnee GLAD IT'S OVER, LITTLE REALIZING THE FkSHT f' TV AVOID SPINACH IS j NEVER OVER ^ The Great Game of Politics Truman Becomes Target of Belittlers Again in Angling for ‘Right Man’ By Frank R. Kent For quite a while last year there was a more or less concerted effort by the political and journalistic favorites of the late Mr. Roosevelt to disparage President Tru man by compar ing him with his predecessor. Then, following the election, the necessity passed for Mr. Truman to be merely a Roosevelt echo and he achieved a person a 111 y and popularity of his own. The campaign of dispa rage ment greatly di minished. Recently it appears to have been renewed. At the moment the bleating is again largely about Mr. Truman’s alleged inability to pick good men lor Important posts and the manner ol his selection. In view ol the presence in the administration, by his act, ol Gen. Marshall and others ol the highest grade, this complaint has become as tiresome as it is unbased. The lact is that the Truman cabi net as a whole has a greater per centage ol Intelligence and charac ter than any Roosevelt cabinet. The elimination oT Henry Wallace alone certainly has raised the level. The lurther lact is that, aside Irom the cabinet, the personnel ol the Truman selections, abroad as well as at home, compare lavorably with the Roosevelt personnel in the peacetime periods. Exploiters Absent. The jobholders of today or mem bers of the so-called "inner circle” may not be as gaudy as those of the Roosevelt regime but neither are they as greedy. No official close to the President or attached to him by ties of blood appears to be making money on the side through the exploitation of his White House connection. There are no questionable finan cial transactions such as those in which Elliott Roosevelt involved his father. High. Government officials are not called mi to settle the debts of members of the President’s family. No one near the throne is in the "insurance game.” There is an absence around the White House and departments of any trace of hate or malevolence. Mr. Truman is not a great man and does not pretend to be. Nevertheless, it comes with poor grace and is in bad tqste for those close to the late Mr. Roosevelt con tinually to attempt belittlement of Mr. Truman by comparison. At any rate, if they insist on compari sons on some counts, they have no right to object to comparison on other—or all—counts. If that is done, Mr. Truman will not suffer very much personally in the eyes of disinterested persons. On some counts it might even be the other way. vnoice important. The present belittling is in con nection with the head of the Greek mission to supervise the expenditure of the rehabilitating loan which has just been made. Concededly this is an extreme ly important place. Selection of an unworthy or inferior man would be pretty bad. Asked at his press conference last week when he in tended to name the man, Mr. Tru man said: “Just as soon as I can get the one I want to accept." Asked if the man were reluctant, Mr. Truman said yes he was. Then he proceeded to say that while he knew it was easier to make sacri fices to serve the Government dur , ing a "shooting war” he wished more men would feel that it is just as patriotic in a period of peace such as this—and that the need of the country is just as great. In other words, he is trying to get the best available man and having some trouble. To get the right man, he finds, takes time and work. Under these conditions, his critics might wait at least until he an nounces his selection before insist ing that he has bungled the job and that the Roosevelt method was superior. Critics Might Wait. Their idea seems to be that it is bungling the job if Mr. Truman does not name at once one or the other of the advanced New Dealers whom the critics favor. They seem to ignore two trenchant facts—(1) that whomever he names must be confirmed by the Senate; (2) that the President possibly might get a Qrst-class man without confining himself *to the small list of "lib erals” being pushed at him. There is reason to believe that Ln the end Mr. Truman will make in adequate selection without tak ing either Franklin Roosevelt, Jr., sr Donald M. Nelson, neither of whom would appear, by record or experience, to be equipped for the job. In any event, the criticism should wait until the crime is com mitted. Perhaps none will be. Frank ft. Kant. I — ■ ■ - - ■ ■ - ■ 1 Dr. J. K. FREIOT, DENTIST PLATE SPECIALIST Plates Repaired While Tea Wait 407 7th St. N.W. NA. 001* AUTOMOBILE Brakes Relined While Yon Walt free AihittmenU tor life of lininot FORD PLYMOUTH CHEVROLET OLDS PONTIAI BUICK " DODGE, Duplicating D. C. Testing Machine CLIFT'S £& eeee a at. w.w._IB- aeae BHHHHBBHIHHHHHHBHHHHHHil McLemore— Issues Ultimatum And Goes Fishing By Henry McLemore Is it all right to taka bade an ultimatum before it hardly has had time to get dry back of the ears? Please tell me that it is, because I flat - looteaiy issued one the other day that I’m just aching to take back. It happened this way. I was sent to the fish market to get enough fish for four of us for lunch. While the girl was wrap ping it up, I laid a dollar on the counter and walked about the place studying UW urn WUCUUBiS MAM auutM dusty, mounted Monsters of the Deep on the walls. “That’ll be $3.40," the girl said, handing me my package. "Three rorty!" I yelled. Jumping higher than the tarpon on the wall. “Three forty!’’ Issues Ultimatum. Once home, I summoned the household staff about me and told her to get out the fishing poles im mediately. Then I issued my ulti matum. "With the Atlantic Ocean in front of us, and the Halifax River behind us, both abounding in fish, there is no excuse ever to spend another cent buying fish," I thundered. “From now on, all the fish eaten in this house will be caught by us.’’ Yesterday, we went fishing. All the way to the dock I talked of how good the free, fresh fish would taste. (Actually, I said "free fresh fish,’’ but that's neither here nor there.) The first setback in my campaign for "free fresh fish” came when I learned the cost of bait nowadays. It's gl a pound for dead shrimp. It cost us 50 cents for the two of us to fish off the dock, so we were out *1.90 before we dropped a book In the water. Alter an hour of fishing ere bad used a bottle of sun-tan tel. which cost 79 cents, and had landed three fish averaging 4 inches in length, m bringing one of the gamesters to gall X broke my 75-eent sun glasses. tS Cents An Inch. That made the three fish cost *3, or exactly 35 cents an inch, in cluding the nonedible heads and tails. It became evident that rdhlly to save money we would have to go out in the oc*an to a reef and catch some really big fish. So. for *5 each, we got aboard a chartered boat and fished all afternoon. ‘ We caught plenty of fish of all kinds, almost more than we could lug home. As the sun was setting, we started cleaning them. Darkness found me with my fingers cut and bleeding, and Jean on her way to the drugstore for iodine, bandages, ar er first-aid items. ! she got back I had cleaned __**•--* * - - ikk V i - * * t ■* "i YEAR OF QUALITY MEN'S WEAR > i GROSNER SERVICED ,£>y .s JM, : k 1*11 22% COOLER for real Summer Comfort! 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