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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 24, 1947, Image 2

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Clark Declares Austria
Won't Survive if Reds
Continue Seizures
• Sy th» Associated Prnc
NEW YORK, May 24.—Gen. Mark
W. Clark, arriving yesterday from
Austria, said that because of Rus
sian tactics he could “see no reason
for optimism in a peace treaty for
Austria.”
Gen. Clark, former commander
of the American Occupation Forces
in Austria and before that com
mander of the 5th Army, said as he
arrived on the liner America that
Austria “will not survive” if Russia
is permtted to "keep and run prop
erties seised in Austria, independent
of Austrian laws.”
The general, who is take over
the 6th Army command, asserted
that the Russians “have frequently
pledged along with c*her powers to
co-operate in re-establishing a real
sovereign and Independent Austria,
but their actions have not imple
mented our common objective.”
Big Part of Economy Seized.
Gen. Clark Continued:
“By their actions in Austria dur
ing the past two years, and by their
actions in Moscow, they (the Rus
sians) have sought to impose on
Austria conditions which my Gov
ernment could not accept and which,
if agreed to in a treaty, would leave
Austria impotent and unable to sur
vive economically.
"Under their misinterpretation of
the Potsdam Agreement, they have
Illegally taken over a great and im
portant part of the economy of Aus
tria. They hoped at Moscow to
legitimize these seizures by inserting
suitable provisions in the treaty.”
Russia has seized property not
only of Germans, but of Austrians
and persecuted groups, Gen. Clark
said.
Hopes Loan Will Be Granted.
He expressed hope that the com
mission now meeting in Vienna
would be able to settle differences
between the United States and
Russia about Austria. Gen. Clark
said he hoped the United States
would grant Austria a loan like
those given to Greece and Turkey.
The general was accompanied by
his ^'ife and their daughter Anne.
He said he planned to stay in New
York several days, then go to Wash
ington, later visit West Point, go to
Oberlin (Ohio) College, to receive a
degree June 10, and drive to San
Francisco to take command of the
6th Army.
Policeman Subdues Man
Waving Gun at Motorman
Police Pvt. Norman J. Miller, 27,
of No. 1 precinct, wilt receive an
official commendation from his cap
tain today for
capturing a man
who terrorized a
score of persons
on a streetcar
last night by
brandishing a
pistol after a
motorman re
fused to accept
his token, for a
fare.
Capt. Robert
C. Pearce of No.
1 precinct, who
lnve stigated,
^ wn«.
was off duty,
driving his automobile near First
and H streets NJ5. when a streetcaj
in front of him stopped and passen
gers scrambled out.
The policeman parked his car
and boarded the streetcar to find a
colored man holding a .45-caliber
automatic against the head of Mo
torman Harold A. Rohlfsen, 34, of
2810% Olive street N.W. Pvt. Miller,
using his own pistol as a club, hit the
man on the head and subdued him
after a brief struggle.
The prisoner, booked as Emmett
Plunkett, 28, of the 2500 block M
street N.W., is being held for in
vestigation at No. 1 precinct. He
was treated for a head injury at
Gallinger Hospital.
Capt. t. A. Cobey to Retire
After 38 Years in Navy
Capt. Elwood A. Cobey, fiscal as
sistant to the chief of the Navy
Aeronautics Bureau, will retire
Wednesday after 38 years of con
tinuous service, the Navy announced
today. ,
A farewell dinner, given for him
recently at the Army Navy Club,
was attended by Admiral Ernest J.
King and Admiral J. H. Towers,
chairman of the Navy General
Board. A long-time Washington
resident, Capt. Cobey was special
assistant to Franklin D. Roosevelt
when he was Assistant Secretary of
the Navy in World War I.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Mostly sun
ny and warmer today with highest
temperature in the middle 80s.
Cloudy tonight with lowest temper
ature about 68 degrees. Tomorrow
cloudy and continued warm withj
showers by afternoon.
Virginia—Mostly cloudy and warm
tonight and Sunday. Scattered;
showers and thunderstorms Sun- i
day and in extreme southwest por-;
tion tonight.
Maryland—Mostly cloudy and j
warm tonight and tomorrow with
scattered showers and thunder-;
storms tomorrow.
Wind velocity, 8 miles per hour; \
direction, south, southeast.
Klnr Report.
(From United Stetes Engineer*.)
Potomac River cloud.' »t Harper* Terry\
and muddy at Great Fall*, Shenandoah
cloudy at Harpers Ferry.
jriuyriBiBir a»u .
(Reading* at Waahlngton National Airport)
Yesterday—. Temperature. Humidity.
Degrees Per cent.
Noon _ 89 73 I
4 o.m._ 77 60
ft p.m _ 76 62
Midnight _ 69 84
Today—
8 a m._ 68 88
10 a m. _ "I <5
Rererd Temperature* This Tear.
Highest, 88. on May 13.
Lowest. 7. on February 5.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Oeodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _11:60a.m. 12:47a.m.|
Low _ 6:09 am. 7:14 am
Sigh _12:30 P.m. -
Low _ 7:00 pm. 7:68 p.m.!
The Baa aad Mae a.
Rises. 8ets.
Sun, today _ 6:47 8:23
Sun. tomorrow_ 5:46 8:24
Moon, today_12:03 p.m. 1:44 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
Ode-half hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in Inches In the
Oapital teurreot month to date):
Month. 1947 Average. Record.
January _ 3.18 3.55 7.83 *37
February_ 1.27 3.37 6.84 *84
March _ 1.02 3.75 8.84 *91
April_ 2 48 3 27 9.13 *88
May _ 3 04 3.70 10.69 *88
Juno _ 4.13 10.94 *00
July _ 4.71 10.63 *86
August_ 4.01 14.41 *28
September_ — 3.24 17.45 *34
October - 2.84 8-81 37
fSKS .......::: §1 lil *51
NEW YORK.—GEN. CLARK RETURNS TO UNITED STATES—
Gen Mark W. Clark walked the deck of the liner America with
Mrs. Clark and their daughter Ann on their arrival here yes
terday aboard the liner. Gen. Clark, recently commander of the
American occupation forces in Austria, is to take command of
the 6th Army at San Francisco._—AP Wirephoto.
Virginia to Try 'Sand Bagging'
Motorists Back Into Line
By Associottd Prats
RICHMOND, Va., May 24.—The
State Highway Department an
nounced it is going to try sand
bagging Northern Virginia motor
ists back into line.
A sand bag "mockup” of a traffic
circle at Seven Porks, some times
called Port Buffalo, will be built
next week in Fairfax County where
seven roads, including the Lee
boulevard and the Leesburg pike,
run like spokes to the hub of a
wheel at the intersection.
The multiple intersection has had
a high accident frequency ever since
the war days brought the heavy
traffic to the metropolitan area of
Washington.
The highway department con
templates as the ultimate solution
a grade separation of Routes 7 and
50—Lee boulevard and Leesburg
pike—but other propects in the area
have higher priority and it will be a
number of years before funds are
available for the work.
Some time next week a traffic
circle will be outlined by sand bags.
Engineers will watch the behavior
of motorists and will test the ef
fectiveness of the plan on the spot.
If modification is needed, the sand
bags will be shifted.
Later on the sand bags will be re
placed with concrete roadways, curb
ing and gutters and proper channeli
zation after the correct design has
been determined. j
Newsmen Accused
Of Soviet 'Slander'
By th« Associated Press
MOSCOW, May 24.—The Soviet
press and radio charged today that
American and British correspond
ents were sent to Moscow during
the recent Big Four foreign min
isters’ meeting with "definite In
structions" from their bosses to
"slander the U. Se S. R. and dis
credit the socialistic system."
Authorities for the accusation
were the weekly magazine New
Times and Commentator Borisova,
whose remarks were carried on an
English-language broadcast of the
Moscow radio.
Also the New Times accused
American Secretary of State Mar
shall and British Foreign Secretary
Bevin of "distorting and misrepre
senting” the Soviet position.
In an editorial entitled "On the
German Problem” the magazine
declared that "their speeches (Gen.
Marshall's on April 28 and Mr.
Bevin’s on May 15) were obviously
designed to create the impression
that the Soviet delegation ham
pered a speedy, successful solution
of the German question. The
American ana Bnusn delegations,
on the other hand, were pictured
In the role of defenders of the
Potsdam decisions."
Singled out in the press attack
were:
Americans—Harold Davis, New
York Daily News; Paul Ward, Bal
timore Bun; Ludwell Denny,
Scripps-Howard Papers and William
Fulton, Chicago Tribune.
New Times charged that the cor
respondents named and their chiefs
“hoped they would be successful in
smashing the system of reparations
from Germany to the Soviet Union.”
Terrapin
(Continued From First Page.i
coming and requested that they have
the terrapin at Hopkins’ front gate
where it could be picked up and
taken back to College Park.
"But when we got to Hopkins we
found ourselves trapped in a barbed
wire inclosure,” he explained.
Hopkins students then sprayed
them with fire hoses, according to
Mr. Pierce.
The ‘“free-for-all” started after
one Maryland student was hit over
the head by a policeman with a
billy,” Mr. Pierce said. He added
that the fight didn’t involve many
Hopkins students—it was mainly a
battle between Baltimore police and
U. of M. students. None was re
ported hurt.
Both Sides Hold Hostages.
Both sides still are holding hos
cages, a couple of dozen on both sides
sported shaved heads as their badge
of battle, and the terrapin still was
secreted at Hopkins.
“We shoulda had bananas,” a Hop
kins field general lamented.
University police at College Park
today expressed the belief that the
terrapin probably will b* returned to
its resting place near the stadium
shortly before game time today.
The game will be the climax to
a round of activities that has kept
the campuses of the two colleges
astir. Hopkins men said their
campus sidewalks were painted with
Maryland's colors and slogans de
claring: “Maryland will beat Hop
kins.”
After the sidewalk painting was
discovered, a Hopkins task force left
for College Park.
The invaders arrived by automo
bile about Thursday midnight and
took the terrapin emblem of Mary
land U. from its pedestal.
Marylanders pursued the invaders
and caught up with them near
Laurel, where they forced several
cars off the road. About fifteen of
the invaders were captured and
taken to College Park.
United States airlines completed
95.8 per cent of scheduled 1948
flights.
4
Law Sought to Fine
States tor Lynchings
ly th« Associated Frost
Edgar G. Brown, director of the
National Negro Council, last night
called on tne Republican congres
sional leadership to enact imme
diately an antilynch law providing
a $25,000 penalty against counties
and States where lynchings occur.
Mr. Brown, In a statement, de
scribed as "appalling” a verdict of
a Greenville (S.C.) Jury which
Wednesday night acquitted 28 men;
accused of lynching a Negro. He
also cited the apparent lynching of
a Negro yesterday at Jackson N; C.,
as an example of what he said is the
need for Federal legislation.
In telegrams to Chairman Taft
of the Senate Republican Policy
Committee and Speaker Martin, Mr.
Brown said:
“As could be expected, the Roman
holiday for lynchers touched off
by the appalling decision of the
Greenville (S. C.) jury has spread
to her sister State of North Carolina
and another Negro has been done
away with by a mob.
“On behalf of 13,000,000 Negroes
in the United States we call upon
the majority leadership of the
Eightieth Congress to immediately
enact a Federal antilynch law pen
alizing by a fine of $25,000 any and
all counties and States where such
lynchings occur, and further, im
prisonment for those officials whose
failure results in such lynching re
gardless of race, creed or color.”
Morse to Speak Tonight
At Typographical Banquet
Senator Morse, Republican, of
Oregon will be the principal
speaker at the 27th annual Virginia
Carolina Typographical Conference
at 7 o'clock tonight at the Hotel
Washington.
The two-day conference was to
open at 4 p.m., with Jesse B.
Manbeck, retiring president of
the Columbia Typographical Union,
presiding. Thirty-two delegates from
16 cities ih Virginia, North and
South Carolina and the District are
participating.
Besides Senator Morse, honor
guests at the banqutet tonight will
include Senator Jenner, Republican,
of Indiana, chairman of the Joint
Committee on Printing, and Chair
man Knutson of the House Ways
and Means Committee. Represent
ative Knutson is a member of the
International Typographical Union.
Another union member, Represent
ative Hull, Republican, of Wisconsin,
will speak at a memorial service for
members of the ITU who lost their
lives in the war. This will be held at
3 p.m. tomorrow at the hotel. Wil
liam Green, president of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, and Frank
Morrison, AFL secretary emeritus,
an t/i nftrt.iriont.p
Two Die as Explosion
Destroys Fishing Boat
iy A»*oc*ot#d Pr»»*
PRINCE RUPERT, British Co
lumbia, May 34.—Two fishermen
were killed, a third is missing and
three others were injured severely
in an explosion and fire that de
stroyed the halibut boat Lorna H.
and Partially burned the Home Oil
Co. wharf along which the vessel
jpas moored.
Cause of the blast has not been
determined. Owners estimated the
damage at more than $10,000.
The dead:
, Stan Orviek, who body was re
covered from Prince Rupert Bay
late yesterday.
Robert Houston, crewman, who
died of injuries soon after the ex
plosion.
Missing is 8ig Grunser, crewman.
Capt Him Knutsen, master and
owner of the craft; David Houston,
j brother of Robert, and John Wick
were burned severely and art being
'treated to a hospital here.
i
May Faces Further
Quiz on Checking Out
Funds From Garssons
By Robert K. Welsh '
Former Representative Andrew 3.
May was resting today from the
hardest hitting attack Government
prosecutors have yet made in his i
District Court trial on charges of
war bribe conspiracy.
When the month-oid trial of May
and Henry and Murray Garsson is
resumed Monday morning, the for
mer chairman of the House ’Mill-1
tary Affairs Committee is scheduled
to undergo at least a full day of
further cross-examination.
Seeking to break down May’s
story that he kept none of the ap
proximately $53,000 sent him by the
Garssons, allegedly in return for
wartime services, Government Spe
cial Prosecutor William A. Paisley
gave the 71-year-old Kentuckian an
uncomfortable afternoon yesterday.
Mr. Paisley painstakingly made
him admit he used Garsson money
to pay Income taxes and some other
personal expenses. May insisted,
however, he used equal amounts
of his own money to spend for the
Garssons.
Denounces Investigators.
The question and answer ex
change became so tense at one point
that May broke out with a bitter
denunciation of Federal officials
who investigated his financial deal
ings.
"I was flat on my back for three
months last year,” he exclaimed
w-V* an Ur DaiclnV vhV A
financial account sheet read at this
trial differed in some items from a
similar summary given out by his
lawyers last September.
“I had no opportunity to make a
complete account,” May continued.
All that time your agents were pil
laging my bank accounts. They
should have known how I spent the
money. One of the banks (the Na
tional Bank of Washington) was in
the very shadow of the Department
of Justice. Your agents even
wanted to know' how much I spent
for flowers for my wife’s funeral.”
Questioned on $1,850 Cheek.
Mr. Paisley handed May a record
of deposits and withdrawals on
May’s personal account in the First
National Bank at Prestonsburg, Ky.
Reading from a ledger sheet, Mr.
Paisley said in a quiet, drawling
voice, that the record showed May
had a balance of $76.50 in the ac
count in March, 1943, when he de
posited a check for $1,850, drawn on
the Batavia Metal Products, Inc.,
an Illinois company in the $78,000,
000 Garsson munitions chain.
The lanky, bald-headed Govern
ment prosecutor then asked May
for a detailed explanation of 15
withdrawals which reduced the bal
ance from $1,926 to $34.02. Each of
these withdrawals, May admitted,
was for personal expenses and none
was for the Cumberland Lumber Co.,
of which May claims he was unpaid
Kentucky agent, for the Garrsons.
The Government charges the lum
ber company was a set-up by which
the Garssons paid bribes to the
former Representative. ^
Paid on Store Bills.
May said, for example, that a
$695.16 withdrawal was for payment
of his Federal income taxes to the
collector in Kentucky. Other checks,
he disclosed, included $110.19 for
payment of a bill he owed Wood
ward & Lothrop Co., $29.13 for pay
ment of a Julius Garfinckel ft Co.
bill, $15.65 to the Roosevelt Hotel
where he lived, $296.79 for school
tuition for a grandson here, $75.02
for his daughter, Mrs. Olga Latta,
and various other checks, many
made out to '•Cash."
May explained that be deposited
Garsson checks both in his personal
account and the lumber company
account in the Prestonsburg ac
count.
“How much of that $1350 check
was spent for the Cumberland com
pany?” Mr. Paisley demanded.
"All of it.” May insisted "It was
replaced by me in the Cumberland
account in the bank.”
No Distinction in Accounts.
"Was there no distinction between
tVia AnHraur .T UflV «crntint tnrf t.VlP
Cumberland account In your fiscal
affairs?”
“That’s correct,” May replied. “I
checked out the money in the most
convenient way. But all of the
money I got from the Garssons was
spent on the lumber company.” I
handled my personal account just
like the lumber company account.
I drew money on whichever one was
available, but ultimately checked
all the money out for the Garssons’
benefit.”
Mr. Paisley then produced the
National Bank of Washington rec
ord of a $5,000 check drawn on the
Erie Basin Metal Products, Inc., a
Garsson company, in August, 1944.
This cbeck was indorsed by Murray
Garsson and cashed by May as the
second indorser. May testified
previously he deposited $4,000 and
took $1,000 la cash, which he gave
to Joseph F. Freeman, Garsson
Washington agent, to be returned to
Garsson at Garsson’s request.
Payments Recounted.
May told Mr. Paisley he wrote a
$2,606 check and sent it immediately
to the Cumberland Lumber Co. for
operating expenses. Later he gave
$1,300 in cash as a legal fee to Al
bert Levin, a Garsson lawyer who
since has died, he said. He took
that money from his office safe, but
later reimbursed himself from Gars
son money, he explained.
As court adjourned for the week
end Mr. Paisley was asking May to
explain seven personal expense
checks he apparently drew on that
account.
Dayton Bowling Alley Head
Slain in Front of Home
•y riw A«»ciot»d Pr««»
DAYTON, Ohio, May 24 —George
K. Zavakos, 59, Dayton bowling alley
proprietor, was shot and killed early
today on the street In front of his
fashionable Dayton View home.
Police said he was slain by two
shots in the chest apparently after
grappling with two men wha had
Iain in wait for him to return from
closing the Varsity Bowl and Day
ton Recreation Alleys which he
owned.
Witnesses who heard the victim’s
screams for help said the killers fled
in an automobile after firing two
shots.
Police said that Fred la Hussey, a
neighbor, reached Mr. Zavakos be
fore he lost consciousness and at
tempted to make him talk. They
I quoted Mr. Mussey as saying the
shooting occurred shortly before 1
a m. when he and his wife were
about to retire.
Approximately $1,100 In cash was
found on Mr. Zavakos’ person, dis
counting a robbery motive, police
said.
Mr. Zavakos’ body fell from the
station wagon he had parked at the
curb on his return home. He died
in an ambulance en mite to a
hospital.
a
Montgomery Board
Studies Drug Charge
Against Policeman
The Montgomery County Police
Trial Board today was studying tes
timony in the case of Corp. Ira
Hover, 45, suspended county police
man, who is charged with appearing
in public under the influence of a
hypnotic drug.
He also is charged with conduct
unbecoming an officer, neglect of
duty and Inefficiency.
After he pleaded guilty to the
charges at a hearing yesterday in
Rockville, board members said they
would submit their decision to the
County Commissioners Tuesday.
Corp. Hover did not testify.
Hie board also will rule on the
retirement application of Capt. D.
Leroy Snyder, 42, in command of
the Silver Spring police substation.
Dr. William Welsh, Rockville, tes
tified Hover has admitted taking a
drug. Dr. Welch emphasized, how
ever, the policeman is not an a#iict
and can be cured.
Says Policeman Is Sick.
He told the board, however,
headed by Civiil Service Commis
sioner Jo V. Morgan, that Corp.
Hover takes the drug to relieve
"anxiety neurosis.’’
He added that the policeman has
“anxiety, tension and confusion"
when he meets people, particularly
_i ii_a v_t
duau^cio, auu wiav mv***«*wj
not qualified to be a policeman
now.”
According to Dr. Welch, Corpl.
Hover probably has had the neuro
sis since a nervous breakdown in
1928. _
“Corpl. Hover is sick,” Dr. Welch
asserted, “and is taking the drug to
relieve his sickness. He needs psy
chiatric care. But with proper
treatment he can become a good
police officer, provided his duties do
not involve contact with the public.”
Record Formerly Excellent.
Capt. James McAuliffe, in charge
of the Bethesda station, said the ac
cused policeman was an “excellent”
officer prior to the latter part of
1946. On several occasions in the
early part of 1947, Capt. McAuliffe
said, Corpl. Hover was reported seen
in public staggering on the streets
"as if he were under the influence
of a drug.” He added he never had
smelled alcohol on the policeman.
The defendant’s attorney, Joseph
B. Simpson, argued “there is no
reason to dismiss Corpl. Hover since
he Is sick,” and recommended that
he be suspended so he could re
ceive treatment.
In his retirement request, Capt.
Snyder said he suffered a back in
jury in 1932 when his car over
turned while he was pursuing a
suspected bootlegger. He said the
injury has become aggravated.
Mr. Morgan read a letter from
Dr. V. L. Ellicott, in which the
physician said he had examined
Capt. Snyder and that he believed
the veteran policeman’s physical
condition was “not satisfactory for
service on the force.”
Presbyterians Adopt
Unification Offer
By Associated Pros*
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., May 24.
—Northern members of the Presby
terian Church today attempted to
mend a century-old rift in the
church by making plans contingent
on action by Southern members.
A reunion plan, approved yester
day by the General Assembly of the
Presbyterian Church in the U. S. A.,
representing 2,200,000 Northern
members, was made dependent
on similar action by the Southern
Branch, known as the Presbyterian
Church in the United States.
The General Assembly of the
Southern Branch meets next week
at Montreat, N. C.
Delegates to the 159th Assembly
said the unity issue has been nego
tiated for eight years against a
background of Southren fears of a
4-to-l majority held by the North.
If approved by the Southern
Branch, the reunion would be re
submitted to both assemblies in
1948 and 1949 and become effective
in 1950.
The Assembly also empowered its
General Council to act in what
ever manner necessary until the
1948 meeting in the interest of
strengthening the principle of sepa
ration between church and State.
Wilbur La Roe, jr„ newly-elected
moderator, announced the appoint
ment of Dr. John H. Gardner, Jr.,
of Baltimore as vice-moderator.
The appointed official was an un
successful candidate for the post
of moderator.
In another action taken by the
Assembly, formation of a National
Council of Presbyterian Men was
approved. The Council would be
organized in February, 1948.
Preserved Warship
To Be Shown Here
The first public showing here of a
preservative-treated reserve fleet
naval vessel will take place tomor
row, when the Naval Gun Factory
closes Naval Reserve week with an
open house.
The ship is the destroyer Plunkett,
most recent addition to the craft
available for reserve training pur
poses here.
The Plunkett was decommissioned
last year and the protective treat
ment was applied.
Some of the preservative measures
since have been removed to facili
tate limited use of the vessel for
training, but it still Is partly in
“moth balls,” according to the Po
tomac River Naval Command.
The submarine Drum and the LST
987 also will be open to the public
tomorrow. These vessels also are
being used by Washington area
Naval Reservists.
The Gun Factory will be open from
noon to 5:30 pm. The Navy Band
will play from 3 to 3.
At 3 o’clock members of the Or
ganized Reserve will muster for the
return of two trophies won by local
Reserve units before the war.
The Torpedo Testing Station at
Piney Point, Md., also wUl be open
to the public tomorrow.
Civic Group Asks Return
Of Prewar City Lighting
Requests that mailboxes which
were removed during the war be
replaced and that the city’s lights be
restored to their prewar brightness
were made by the Federation of
Civic Associations, meeting last
night at the District Building.
The group said the dimmed lights,
an economy move during the war,
were contributing to accidents and
crime in the District.
Wooisey W. Hall, president of the
federation, conducted the meeting.
4
Chemical Warfare Association
Sees Display of New Weapons
'Show at Edgewood
Includes Assault on
^Pillboxes With Fire
By .Thomas R. Henry
EDGEWOOD ARSENAL, Md.
May 24.—With moving walls of fire
and billows of pink smoke through
which soldiers crawled in the
ghastly yellow glare of bursting
magnesiums bombs, the Army’s
Chemical Corps here raised the
curtain on a fantastic preview of
battles tomorrow.
The exhibit was held yesterday
for members of the Chemical War
fare Association at their annual
meeting. Most spectacular of the
new weapons shown was a hidden
flame-thrower—hidden because its
mechanism still is a top secret—
which projects a sheet of fire for
200 yards ahead of advancing troops.
Those used against Japanese jungle
fortifications in the last days of the
war had a range of only about 50
yards.
Another new weapon was a new
type chemical 'mortar with an as
sured range of 6,500 yards and a
probable range of 8,500 yards.
Team Takes Pillboxes.
In a brush-covered field a model
“Siegfried Line" was set up with
pillboxes arranged for interlocking
fire. These were taken by a spe
cially trained team of 16 infantry
men assisted by a strafing P-47 fly
ing at tree-top altitude, and by an
artillery cover in a special exhibit.’
of the use of new weapons.
* Viewing the scene with Maj. Gen.
Alden H. Waitt, chief of the Chem
ical Corps, was Maj. Gen. Mantoni
S. Eddy, assistant commander of the
2d Army, who, as a division and
corps commander in the advance cm
the Rhine, directed some of the hot
test pillbox fighting of the war.
Also displayed were Innovations
of the Germans, some of which nwy1
Rejection ot iruman s
Import Control Plea
Indicated by Taft
•y th* Aueciotsd frtu
Senator Taft, Republican of Ohio,
indicated today that Republicans
in Congress may give President Tru
man olty half a loaf—the exten
sion of export authority—in dealing
with his request for continuation
of some wartime controls.
The President asked Congress yes
terday to continue for a year au
thority to regulate the importa
tions of such items as fats, oils and
rice among food products. He
sought retention of allocation con
trols over tin, manlla, cordage, an
timony, cinchona bark and quinine.
Senator Taft, who heads the
Senate Republican Policy Commit
tee, told a reporter that while he
wants to reserve final decision until
he has studied the President’s re
quest further, he is inclined to be
lieve the time has come when im
port controls can be dropped.
Taft Wants Evidence.
The President said in his message
this country must take steps to
“make certain that we do not add
to the hunger of other peoples by
importing more than our agreed
share of scarce foods.’’
Senator Taft said he wants to
hear the evidence on this point but
remains to be convinced that im
ports will be greatly Increased by!
an end to the controls.
The President asked for both im
port and export controls over fer
tilizer as well as priorities with
mVitnh Ia Ahfatn nbaHoH tnHllcW a 1
materials and machinery to com
plete some projects abroad.
Hoover Statement Recalled.
The President’s request for on
tinued controls over fertilize re
called a recent assertion by ormer
President Herbert Hoover <iat Eu
rope 1s "gasping” for ter*' J*r. Mr.
Hoover condemned A)’,d destruc
tion of German m’ jv 4on-making
plants, which, he said, are capable
of turning out badly needed fer
tilizer.
The powers Mr. Truman seeks
continued were contained originally
in a law called the Second War
Powers Act, which expired March
31. Congress already has granted
a stop-gap extension until June 30.
Ifcm Sand Gift Mare Dies,
Filly Survives Air Trip
•y th« Associated Preu
OAKLAND, Calif., May 24.—One
of the two horses sent to Barbara
Bechtel of Oakland by King Ibn
Baud of Saudi Arabia has died, the
19-year-old University of California
coed said yesterday.
The horse was Bint tAchdor, 7
year-old sorrel mare flown from
Arabia to Miami and brought from
Miami to Oakland by train along
with her 2-year-old Ally, Saida.
Saida is thriving.
King Ibn Saud and Finance Min
ister Sheik Abjullah Sulieman sent
the Arabian steeds to Miss Bechtel,
whose father, Stephen Bechtel, is
head of a construction firm in
stalling pipelines in Arabia.
Agriculture
(Continued From First Page.)
mittee argued the sum may be
lopped off the 1948 budget total,
since President Truman had listed
it among his spending estimates for
next year.
The Budget Bureau dismissed the
matter as a ‘‘wash transaction,”
meaning little more than canceling
out two balancing sets of figures in
the Government’s books.
Still to be reported by the Kfouse
Appropriations Committee are sup
ply bills for the War Department,
Army engineers and such independ
ent offices as the Veterans’ Admin
istration.
Deepest cuts in the agriculture
bill yesterday were aimed at the
farm tenant, soil conservation,
school lunch and crop insurance
programs.
The committee refused to author
ize any money for soil conservation
payments for the 1948 crop year and
cut $117,620,754 from the $267,620,
754 requested by the President for
this year.
Anderson Protests Cats.
It trimmed the school lunch funds
from $75,000,000 to $45,000,000, with
held all funds for new farm tenant
loans, and ordered the crop insur
ance program cut down to "experi
mental" size with a suggestion it
ought to be liquidated.
The overall cut, slashing the
President’s budget request of $1,188,
571418 to $805,143,576, was the largest
since the House chopped 45 per cent
from the Interior Department’s
money last month, an action not
yet approved by the Senate.
Royall Says Country
Must Lead World in
Developing A-Bomb
Undersecretary of War Ken
neth C. Royall said last night
the United States has no choice
but to push forward in im
provement of the atomic bomb,
germ warfare and similar
weapons—until world peace is
assured.
In an address to the Chem
ical Warfare Association, Mr.
Royall pointed out that knowl
edge the United States was
ready to retaliate with even
more effective forms of chem
ical warfare deterred the enemy
from using gas in World War II.
“for the sake of our national
safety we must stay ahead of
the rest of the world in new
development^new development
of planes, ships, guns, bombs,
gases, germs, weapons of all
kinds,” said Mr. -Royall.
be valuable to American industry.
Outstanding among these was a
synthetic human blood plasma
which was made almost literally
“out of stone.” According to the
German Army records more than
300,000 transfusions were made with
this material on approximately 40,
000 patients with generally excel
lent results.
This “peristone” is made on a
basis of acetyline which in turn
comes from limestone and coke.
Blood plasma itself is a combina
tion of proteins—organic substances
built up of nitrogen carbon and sul
phur. Perisone is a yellow solid
which is mixed with water before
injection.
Drugs for treatment of asthma
and several reportedly of value in
some types of cancer were shown for
the first time.
IAA I# A • a ri •_
4uu Kansas uiy jnrmers i
Parade After Capitol Visit
Resplendent In their Oriental
'■obes, Shriners from President Tru
man’s own temple at Kansas City,
Mo., marched 400 strong this morn
ing through downtown Washington.
Arriving by train at 8 am. today,
the Missouri Shriners’ parade was
marred by only one circumstance—
that the President, who joined Kan
sas City’s Ararat Temple on April 2,
1917, could not be here to greet
them. •
It wasn’t hard to tell what State
they came from as the parade
progressed from the Union Station
Plaza to the Capitol—a Missouri
mule walked perkily in the middle
of the delegation.
The Shriners paused for half an
hour at the Capitol while members
of the Missouri congressional dele
gation came out to greet them.
Then they proceeded up Pennsyl
vania avenue to the Washington
Hotel for lunch. They will leave
tomorrow for a national Shriners’
convention in Atlantic City.
Three Purse Snatchings
In 20 Minutes Reported
Police are looking for a young,
neatly dressed colored man who took
purses from three women within 30
minutes early today.
Miss Doris N. Coleman, 19, of
3909 Barnes place N.E., and Miss
Frances Allen, 20, of 3924 Barnes
place N.E., reported they were walk
ing in the 600 block of Tenth street
N.E. at 2:10 a.m. when their purses
were snatched. Miss Coleman was
treated for head bruises suffered,
police reported, when the purse
snatcher struck her. The purses
contained about $2.50, police said.
At 2:30 a.m., Miss Ruth English,
20, of 1219 C street N.E., was robbed
of her purse as she was walking
near her home. The purse contained
(15. Miss English was treated at
Casualty Hospital for shock. Police
said the purse snatcher was de
scribed as about 18 years old and
wearing a new two-tone blue and
gray jacket and dark trousers.
Mob
(Continued From First Page.)
iested her. Chief Outland said
Bush admitted being at the scene
of the alleged assault but denied
attempting to molest Mrs. Bryant.
Chief Outland said Bu. h told him
he was waiting for “my girl friend.”
Mr. Tyler said that in view of pre
vious race tension in the community
ne wiea mj nave cusn removed irom
the jail here for safekeeping, but
failed when he was delayed in
reaching Sheriff Stephenson or
Jailer E. W. Edwards by telephone.
Mr. Tyler said he finally made con
tact with Mr. Edwards, only to learn
that Bush had been seized about 5
minutes before.
Two Taken to Safety.
Race feeling was running high,
Mr. Tyler said, following a previous
alleged attempt by a Negro to as
sault a white woman in Rich Square
about three weeks ago. At that
time about 50 men surrounded the
Jackson jail but two men under
arrest were removed to safety by
officers.
Jailer Edwards said Bush was
seized by about half a dozen masked
men, all armed with guns, who
knocked on the door of the Jail in
the early morning hours, went
through the jail and took the pris
oner.
Mrs. Edwards, his wife, said the
men carried Bush from the jail and
placed him in one of four waiting
automobiles. They drove off towards
Rich Square, she said.
Bush, a logging camp employe,
was unmarried. He lived two miles
from Rich Square.
Northampton County, of wnich
Jackson is the county seat, and
Hertford County border on Vir
ginia in
UX X1U1 bXX Vftiuuu«*, JUO* "WV !
Dismal Swamp. j
The area is about 400 miles from
Greenville, S. C., where 28 men
accused of the lynch-murder of
Willie Earle, colored, were acquitted
Wednesday night.
Clark Says U. S. May Take Up
Acquittals in South Carolina
By th« Associated Prw»
TtJPEKA, Kans., May 24 (ff).—At
torney General Clark yesterday
called for local judicial strength to
combat injustice and declared the
Justice Department “may go into
court In the outrage in South Caro
lina where a local Jury freed all the
admitted participants in a lynch
ing.”
In a speech to the Kansas Bar
Association meeting here, Mr. Clark
said, “so long as I am Attorney
General and there is any thread of
law to stand on, I shall fry to see
that justice is done to all our peo
ple, white or Mack."
Garden Club Awards;
' • ,-v ‘v +1 - . %
Four Gold Ribbons in'.
* 9
Show af Silver Spring
Gold ribbon winners in the snnuaf ‘
Spring Flower Show of the Silver
Spring Garden Club, which opened
last night at Jesup Blair Community
House and will continue until A
o’clock tonight, were G. Harris,
White, Mrs. Charles T. Williams, ;
C. M. Davidson and Mrs. Ralph *
Torrey, all of Silver Spring. Mr.
White, much better known as Doc,
was a former pitcher for the Chicago
White Sox 40 years ago.
Mrs. A. Kyle Goodman was sweep
stakes winner of the show. She won
four blue ribbons, and Mrs. B. L. *
Butcher was second with two lint
awards. The Woman’s Club of
Woodside won the interclub award.
A white rose, "Frau Karl Druschkl,,* -
won the gold ribbon for Mr. White,
Mrs. Williams had the best peony
and Mr. Davidson won honors with
his iris, "Spun Gold.” Mrs. Torrey
had an arrangement of iris and
greens.
Minatnre Hemes Shown.
A high light was a display of two
miniature homes complete with
landscaped grounds, gardens and
outdoor furniture. Constructed of
cardboard and paper and colored
realistically with poster paints, the
exhibit represents many hours of
work by Bernard Hoitznauer, m
Farragut place N.W., an employe of
the Treasury Department. This la -
the first time his work has been
exhibited publicly.
Ralph E. Torrey, club president,
announced Winn T. Simmons had
been appointed to life membership
in appreciation of his services. Mr,
Simmons is prominent in horticul
tural circles and has acted as a
judge at many flower shows.
In the arrangement classes Mrs.
Peter Koka won two blue ribbons
and a red ribbon. Others who won
first prizes in this class were Mrs.
Chsuies Grover, Mrs. Jack Iseli. Mrs.
Torrey, Mrs. White and Mrs. Good
man.
Carol Lockwood and Diane Duffy
won first awards in the children’s
arrangements.
Blue robbons in the roses class
were won by Mrs. Thomas Carney
and "Mrs. B. L. Butcher, who r«?
ceived two each; Mr. White and
Mrs. Koka.
In the iris class first prizes went to
F. J. Roy, William Carey, jr., Mr.
Davidson, Mrs. Goodman, Mrs. M.
K. Bartlett, Mrs. Koka, Ivan Rich
mond, Mrs. J. M. Janes and Mrs.
J. B. Wiley, with Mrs. Raymond
Crowley and Mrs. Iseli taking honors
in the peony class.
Blue ribbons for other flowers
went to Mrs. Butcher, Mrs. Good
man, Marie Regeimbal, and Mrs.
w miaou.
Barnett's Widow Sues
Daniels Over Book
Mrs. Leila Montague Barnett,
widow of Maj. Oen. George Barnett,
commandant of the Marine Corps
during World War I, has brought
suit in District Court charging that
Josephus Daniels, Secretary of the
Navy In the Wilson administration,
libeled her in a book, "The Wilson
Era, Years of War and After—
1917-23.”
The suit filed yesterday asks
$50,000 damages.
Mrs. Barnett lives at 1622 Rhode
Island avenue N.W.
The suit quoted Mr. Daniels as
stating in the book:
“During the World War, though
I had previously pursued the policy
that no man on important duty In
Washington could hold the position
longer than four years, I felt that
the experience of these heads of
departments called for their reten
tion during the war. They were
reappointed with the full under
standing that upon the termination
of the struggle their resignation
would be accepted. All chiefs of
bureaus wrote their resignations
•to take effect at the pleasure of the
President.’ ”
Gen. Barnett was quoted as say
ing:
“ ‘I’m a gentleman and no gentle
man would remain a day alter his
resignation is desired. I will tender
it if you desire as soon as the war is
over.’ ’’
The complaint then quotes the ,
book to say that Mr. Daniels told an
admiral about the Incident and the
book quoted the admiral as saying:
‘“If Barnett lived among the In
dians and was given the name that
fitted him he would be called the
Man-Afrald-of-Hls-wlfe.’ ”
U. N. Will Consider
Ending Censorship
By IK* Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, May 24.—United -
Nations consideration of a proposal
to eliminate world-wide peacetime
censorship of news was assured
today.
Despite Russian opposition, a
U. N. subcommission decided by a
vote of 9 to 1 that this subject
should be considered at next year’s *
international conference on freedom r
of information.
The subcommission also adopted a
proposal that the world conference -
should consider measures to protect
accredited correspondents against
arbitrary expulsion from foreign
countries.
Both actions were taken yesterday
by the Subcommission on Freedom *
of Information and of the Press,
wnicn is oral tins um
international conference to be held
either in Geneva or Prague.
The proposals, both of which £
brought Russian opposition, were
presented by the United States.
Scientists Asked to Share
Discoveries With People
The scientist must come out of his
laboratory and tell the people of hit
discoveries thst have social force
so all men may be equal, Dr. Wilton
M. Krogman, president of the Amer-.
lean Association of Physical An thro- -
pology, told an audience here last
night at the National Museum.
He spoke on “Anthropology in
Race Relations." The program was
under the joint auspices of the;
District Anthropological Association
and the Medico-Chimrgical Society
of tiie District. Dr. Krogman is
professor of biology at the University *
of Chicago. 1
He declared prejudice or die-,
crimination bmd cn obwrvabl#
biological differences, such as shape
of the head or nose, skin color qp.
other elements has no scientific ■
basis. He said any attempt to use,
the types, which scientists use for/
mere convenience, es a distortion to~
arouse divisions among men
“smaeks of the Hast idee of he**eo»'/
folk.- r.
4

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