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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 26, 1947, Image 17

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WASHINGTON, D. C. ^IjV Ivll MONDAY, MAY 26, 1947
States Ask U. S.
To Pay for Loss
Of Tax on Land
House Unit Studying
15 Such Requests
For Reimbursement
By Harold B. Rogers
Members of Congress from
widely-separated sections todaj
began laying before a House Public
Land subcommittee the need ol
their home states for Federal pay
ments to reimburse localities for the
loss of taxes due to large Federal
real estate holdings.
Hearings opened before the sub
committee on a series of 15 bills a)'
directed at the general idea of ob
taining Federal compensation foi
lost taxes which the localities claim
have constituted an increasing bur
One of the bills, by Representative
Engle, Democrat, of California
would establish a Federal commis
sion on national contributions tc
States and local Governments.
Loss in Taxes Spur Demands.
Payments in lieu of taxes now are
made under about 40 different pro
visions in acts of Congress, it waj
learned, but there is a rising tide ol
Insistence from the States that thej
are losing too much local taxatior
because of Federal holdings.
Four bills to authorize State anc
Vocal taxation of Federal real estate
were opposed today by the War anc
Navy Departments and the Recon
struction Finance Corp. at the sub
committee hearings today.
sponsor oi rne nrsi measure
brought up Representative Angell
Republican, of Oregon, presented s
strong plea to the committee in be
half of his proposal to provide foi
taxation by States and their politi
cal subdivisons of real property ac
quired for military purposes.
He asked for consideration of his
bill as introduced early in th«
Eightieth Congress. But he said thal
if the committee could not agree or
the principle that Federal propertj
should be taxed by a State, some
provision should be made to re
imburse local Governments for loss
of taxes caused when the Federal
Government takes over property re
moving it from local taxation.
Engle Supports Proposal. *
Representative Engle, a membei
of the committee, supported Mr
Angell's general contention that
there was an obligation on the
part of the Federal Government
to the States on account of the
issue involved.
Chairman Barrett explained that
the committee would take up al
15 pending bills in a block anc
began calling them one at a time
It was predicted that the com
mittee might require two or three
days of hearings.
The commission provided by Mr
Engle's bill would hear claims ol
areas hurt by Federal land owner
ship and would have authority
within the limits of the bill tc
make adjustments.
Mr. Engle’s bill would include the
District of Columbia. His measure
however, excludes Federal propertj
used for office buildings, courthouse:
and postoffices, as a source of pay
ll«e of School District Cited.
Rep. Miller, Republican, of Ne
braska, who is a member of thi
House District Committee, supportec
a contention by Mr. Engle that the
Federal Government owed an obli
gation on account of its withdraws
of property from the local tax rolls
In his home state Mr. Miller con
tended the Federal Government tool
from one-half to two-thirds of some
of the school districts, making ii
difficult for the locality to suppon
its educational institutions.
Representative Crawford, Repub
lican, of Michigan sharply attackec
the idea of permitting States to ta>
Federal property. He contendec
that when the State and Federa
officials agree on the transfer o)
property to national ownership
there should be an understanding al
that time as to some form of reim
He characterized the agreement!
as "horse trading" and insisted thai
the local authorities should be "wis<
enough” to insist on some compen
sation if it is needed.
Army Stresses Benefit to Areas.
Representative Angell retorted "th<
States have about as much oppor
tunity to negotiate at such a timi
with the Federal Government as j
man would have faced with a hold
up bandif.”
The War Department contended
in objecting to the local taxation o
Federal property, that many Fed
eral reservations turned out to be i
big pre^t to the locality.
It quoted the Federal Real Estat
Board report of 1943 as recommend
ing against the local taxation o
Federal real estate.
The Navy Department in oppos
ing bills for taxation of Federa
property also agreed with the Fed
eral Real Estate Board objection 01
this score. It added, however, tha
any hardship occasioned to the lo
cal communities, if they could b
proven, should be compensated fo
by some payments to the localities
The Navy, however, insisted tha
much of the tax loss to the com
munities was offset by benefits b
the form of payroll, fire protectior
streets, highways and Federal serv
Panel on U. N. Schedulet
At George Washington
A panel discussion on the Unite
Nations will be held at 8 p.m. to
moriow at George Washington Uni
versity with Senator Taylor, Demo
crat. of Idaho; Representative Jav
its. Republican, of New York, an
Arthur Sweetser, director of th
United Nations Information Offlci
Dr. Charles E. Bish. professor t
adult education at the universit;
will act as moderator. This pani
Is part of the five-day training con
ference on community educatio
being conducted by the National Ir
stitute of Social Relations, Inc., th
week at the school.
AAF Band to Play Tonight
Opening concert in the series <
programs by military bands at tt
Watergate, delayed from last nigt
becaus#of rain, will be held at 8:3
o’clock tonight. The Inaugural, fin
of eight band concerts will be playe
by the Army Air Torces Band.
By A. A. Hoehting
Neither snow nor the birth of
babies can halt the delivery of the
United States mail at Dickerson, Md.
At 7 p.m. last Christmas Eve Mrs.
Margaret J. Kessler, Montgomery
County’s only woman letter carrier,
brought her wheezing 17-year-old
Model A Ford to a halt in front of
the Dickerson Post Office. She had
delivered a staggering burden of
Christmas letters and packages to
her 138 rural route customers.
At midnight she was in her regu
lar place in the choir of St. Mary’s
Catholic Churc^ in nearby Barnee
ville raising her voice in glory of
the Lord for the special Christmas
And at 5 a.m. Christmas day Mrs
Kessler gave birth to a daughter,
Mary Margaret, in a Frederick hos
Back at Work in Four Weeks.
Four weeks later she was back at
work, accepting the congratulations
of people on her route and plow
ing through some of the heaviest
snowdrifts the county had ever seen
“But I didn’t mind a bit,” she
protested. "I Just drove as close as
I could get to a house, put on mj
big boots and walked on through
the snow.”
A small woman, Mrs. Kessler car
ries some heavy*packages. A crate
of chickens in one hand and ar
armload of mail order catalogues in
the other is just routine to thfa
representative of the Post Office De
And flat tires?
“Why, pshaw man!” she exploded
"I can change a tire in 10 minutes
Can vou?”
Studies Mechanics.
Not only that. She Is taking a
course at home In practical engin«
mechanics — insurance against the
all-too-likely day when her ancienl
Ford coughs a tired cough and
threatens to head for the Valhalla ol
overworked jaloppies.
In fact, the car is a hand-down
from her father, Reginald B. Jones
now 70 years old and retired after
serving the same mail route for 36
She says, though, that there is
every likelihood that she will be
getting a new car in a few months.
Long before her husband, William
T. Kessler, starts on his way tc
work in the National Health Cen
ter, Bethesda, Mrs. Kessler is out
of bed and picking up her mail at
6:30 a m. at the Post Office.
Before returning home she has
covered a winding trail of nearly
40 miles through the hills and val
leys of one of the richest dairyland
areas in the State.
Has Served Three Years.
By noon she is ready to head
the old bus homeward in time foi
Mary Margaret’s luncheon feeding
Her mother-in-law, Mrs. Herbert
Woman Delivers Mail in Montgomery County Despite Bad Weather and Old Car
Mrs. Margaret J. Kessler col
lects the mail at the Dickerson
(Md.) Post Office before start
out on her route. Her day
begins at 6:30 a.m.
' Kessler, has been caring for the in
fant in her absence.
Mrs. Kessler, who is just round
ing out three years of service as a
carrier, says she loves her work and
that people are very nice to her.
Does she ever worry about hold
j ups?
“You know it’s a peculiar thing,”
1 she allows, "but even this old ma
chine of mine is respected. I think
most folk feel that Uncle Sam is
right behind that car somewhere,
I guarding it.”
After finishing her mail-carrying duties, Mrs. Kessler heads
for home to take up her domestic duties. She is shown holding
her 5-month-old daughter, Mary Margaret, while heating the
baby's milk at her home in Bamesville.
Two Children Injured
In Traffic Accidents
In Nearby Virginia
Two children were injured, one
seriously, in weekend traffic acci
dents in nearby Virginia.
Anne Davies, 4, Vienna, was in
Emergency Hospital in a serious
i condition today with a possible skull
fracture and brain concussion suf
fered in a two-car collision near
The driver of the car in which she
' was riding, Maurice D. Rosenberg,
35, Vienna, suffered a fractured
1 shoulder. His wife. Charlotte Rosen
berg, 30, also suffered shoulder in
Jane B. Markham, 8, of 1502 Rus
sell road, Alexandria, suffered a skull
fracture police said when she ran
between two parked cars near her
home and into the side of a taxi.
She is the daughter of Col. E. Mur
phy Markham, jr., Alexandria san
jitary engineer.
She was taken to the Alexandria
Hospital where her condition wa.‘
| listed as fair today.
Earl Freese, 52, and his wife
j Louise Freese. 51. of Littleton, Pa.
suffered minor injuries when the
i car in which they were riding
skidded and plunged down a 15-fool
I embankment near Quantico.
j Mr. Freese was treated for face
■cuts today in Alexandria Hospital
Mrs. Freese suffered a back injury
In Washington, police said 22 per
sons were injured in unusuall>
j heavy traffic over the weekend bul
i none seriously enough to require
‘ j hospitalization.
County Realty Board
Plans Dinner Tomorrow
I Representatives from local anc
; national real estate organization!
. will be among guests attending the
banquet to be held at 7 o'clock to
night at the Kenwood Countr
. Club by the Montgomery Countj
. Real Estate Board,
rj Toastmaster at the gathering wil
I be Donald Chamberlin, Kenwoot
. real estate man.
G. W. U. Names Grant
Vice President, First
In School's History
Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant III,
retired, has been appointed vice
president of George Washington
University, the first vice president
the school has had in its 126-year
In announcing the appointment
yesterday, Dr. Cloyd Heck Marvin,
university president, said special
arrangements had been made with
President Truman to permit Gen.
Grant to serve as the university
vice president and to continue his
duties as chairman of the National
Capital Park and Planning Com
mission. a post he has held since
1942. His duties at the university
will be concerned with the planning
and development of its physical
Gen. Grant has been a university
trustee for 16 years. He has been
serving as chairman of the George
Washington University Hospital
Fund campaign. His grandfather,
President Grant, also was a trustee
of the University.
Gen. Grant was retired from the
Army in July, 1946. after 43 years
of service. He served in Washington
as superintendent of the State, War
and Navy buildings from 1909 to
He was director of office buildings
and public parks here from 1926 un
til 1933, when he was assigned to
head the engineer replacement
' training center at Port Leonard
Wood, Mo. In April, 1941, he return
ed to Washington as chief of the
protection branch of the Office of
Civilian Defense.
In addition to the Legion of Merit
and the Distinguished Service
Medal, Gen. Grant has been deco
rated by six foreign countries.
Catholic Veterans to Sail
The District department of the
Catholic War Veterans will sponsor
(a moonlight cruise on the Potomac
; j tonight. The veterans and their
[ guests will leave aboard the S. S.
i Mount Vernon, at 8:30 p.m.
Election Ends Conference
Of Tri-State Printers
Printers from Virginia, North and
South Carolina yesterday concluded
their annual conference here with
the election of M. B. Sell of Win
ston-Salem, N. C„ as president for
the coming year.
Others elected by the tri-State
conference of the International
Typographical Union were N. D. Lee
of Roanoke, Va., vice president, and
W. A. Teague, of Newport News, Va.,
The Virginia-Carolinas conference
went on record against current leg
islative proposals to curb the rights
of labor.
Man Arrested on Street,
Clad Only in Garters
Police Pvt. William R. Shelton
was riding along the 1100 block of
Thirteenth street shortly after 3
am. today when he observed a
, man strolling along clad only in his
i garters.
Pvt. Shelton took the man to No
2 Precinct station, where he sup
plied him with a raincoat to wear
■ in the cell while he was being
charged with drunkenness.
Police, said the man gave his
name as Haskell Donoho, 42, an
attorney, and listed his home as the
Metropolitan Club.
Body Found on Railroad
In Alexandria Identified
The body of a man police identi
fied as Chester W. Bradley, 38, col
ored, of Wilmington, N. C., was
found on the railroad tracks neai
Roberts Crossing, Alexandria, yes
Police expressed the belief the
man fell from a train while hitch
ing a ride. His body was first no
ticed by a Southern Railway engin
27 Inferior Employes Gef
Awards for Suggestions
Suggestions leading to improved
operations in the Interior Depart
ment will bring cash awards and
honors today to 27 of the agency’s
employes, including seven from the
District area.
The annual savings expected to
result from the ideas are estimated
by Interior Department dfflcials at
$23,814. The greatest single con
tribution, whose adoption will net
the agency an annual return oi
$11,000, come from Walter D. Beat
Tie, an electricial engineer at the
Bonneville Power Administration in
Portland, Oreg.
Of the Washington area winners,
the highest cash award was $150
given to John H. Swope, 5602 David
son drive, Chevy Chase, Md., of the
Washington office of Geological
Survey. His new map printing
Technique, the agency said, should
save $5,000 a year.
Others rewarded include Lewis B
Pusey, 4919 Del Ray avenue, Bethes
da, Md.; Alfred A. Capasso, 1664
; Columbia road N.W.; Rodney Hart
,9706 Lawndale drive, Silver Spring
Md.: Mark A. Mattare, 1040 North
i Vermont street, Arlington, Va.;
i Albert J. Byer, 1101 Trenton place
S.E., and Charles F. Palmetier, jr.
4705 South Seventh street, Arling
;ton, Va.
Junior College Sponsors
Community Orchestra
A community orchestra is being
sponsored by Montgomery Junioi
] College in Bethesda, Md., which
will begin rehearsals in September
| under auspices of the newly-formed
| music department. A committee
| including representatives of the
; school and community will be es
tablished shortly to hold auditions
| All residents of the county, both
] amateur and professional, may apply
Tor membership in the orchestra
With 138 rural residents waiting for her, Mrs. Kessler, with
mall bag over her shoulder, leaves the Dickerson Post Office to
start out on her 40-mile daily trip in her 17-year-old car.
—Star StafT Photos.
s.........i—.— - -- — . ^
Court Admits Last
Of 3 Statements in
Kelly Slaying Trial
The last of three signed state
ments by as many men charged
with first degree murder in the
shooting of Prank C. Kelly was
admitted in evidence today as their
trial continued in District Court.
Justice Alexander Holtzoft ruled
the statement admissible after
hearing testimony by the defendant,
Shirley Harris, 23, colored, and
detectives who questioned him.
Harris claimed he had been denied
food until he had signed the paper
and declared he had been struck
in the nose during the questioning.
Police witnesses stated, however,
that food had been provided and
insisted Harris had not been hit
or threatened.
Mr. Kelly, 56, an employe of the
United States District Engineer’s
Office, was killed last March 11 on
Eleventh street N.W., just after
he had left a meeting at Central
High School
Harris Accused of Shooting.
The Government contends Harris
fired the fatal shot during the hold
up attempt.
Last week Justice Holtzoff re
ceived in evidence statements signed
by the other two defendants, Joe
M. Gray, 19, and Herbert H. Hall,
18. also colored.
After admitting Harris’ state
ment to testimony today. Justice
Holtzoff recalled the jury, which
had been out of the courtroom dur
ing the preliminary hearing on the
three papers.
Detective Sergt. William B. Chris
tian then was called to the stand by
the Government to testify concern
ing the questioning of Hall at the
time of his arrest.
In reply to a question by Hall’s
attorney, Curtis P. Mitchell. Sergt.
Christian said he had been assigned
to the case by Inspector Robert J.
Barrett, chief of detectives. *
Judge Rules Out Question.
"You’ve worked with Inspector
Barrett before?” Mr. Mitchell in
j quired.
"I have,” the witness replied.
“Do you know his reputation for
! brutality?” Mr. Mitchell asked.
Justice Holtzoff interrupted im
mediately to tell Mr. Mitchell he
considered the question inappropri
ate and ruled out the query.
The attorney argued that Inspec
j tor Barrett’s “reputation” was a
matter of “general knowledge,” but
| Justice Holtzoff said any such repu
I tation was unknown to him.
; Sergt. Christian said he never had
struck Hall or any other prisoner in
23 years on the force.
Dr. Lewis Named Head
Of Mary Baldwin College
Dr. Frank Bell Lewis, professor of
Bible and philosophy at Davis and
| Elkins College, Elkins, W. Va„ has
| been elected president of Mary
| Baldwin College, it has been an
I nounced by Edmund D. Campbell,
I Washington, D. C., president of
the board of trustees.
Dr. Lewis, a minister in the Pres
byterian church, will succeed Dr.
L. Wilson Jarman, who resigned
from the presidency in the spring
of 1946 because of ill health.
Catholics Do Honor
To Unknown Soldier
At Arlington Rites
Services for America’s war dead,
which will be climaxed Friday with
Memorial Day ceremonies in Arling
ton Cemetery, opened yesterday in
the Amphitheater there.
Sponsored by the Washington
General Assembly, Fourth Degree,
Knights of Columbus and the Na
tional Committee of Catholic So
cieties, the services saw more than
80 Catholic societies lay wreaths at
;the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
' Approximately 1,500 persons braved
the driving rain to attend.
The Very Rev. Ignatius Smith,
O. P., dean of the Philosophy School
at Catholic University, spoke to the
Greatness Rests With God.
"The greatness of this Nation is
better understood by those who have
met their God in judgment than by
many who have been left behind,’
he said. "The glory of this country
before the other nations of the world
and the determination to keep that
glorious greatness undiminished was
the motive of their service. The
preservation of this same national
greatness devolves upon us who are
left behind them.
‘ Despite the neglect or God by sc
many millions of our people, could
not the departed heroes tell us that
they have learned that our great
ness rests on the fact of our Ameri
can alliance with our Creator?” h<
“In this alliance we are pledged
to protect divine rights everywhere
and .God seems to have pledged uc
special power and life because ol
our godliness. American democracj
separates Church from State but it
never intended to divorce God froir
either government or the lives of oui
The Most Rev. Amleto G. Cicog
nani, apostolic delegate to Washing
ton, pontificated as the mass. The
Most Rev. Peter Ireton, bishop ol
Richmond, presided and blessed the
Representatives of Catholic vet
eran and other organizations pre
sented colors.
Ceremonies will be held through
out the week, closing with the me
morial services at 11:45 a.m. Frida;
under the auspices of the Granc
Army of the Republic. Attome;
(General Clark will speak.
: Marine Corps Sendees Arranged. .
Among the events scheduled art
memorial services for Marine Corp!
members at 2 p.m. Memorial Day at
the Mount Suribachi statue, Consti
tution and West Virginia avenue!
N.W., under auspices of the National
Capital detachment of the Marine
Corps League.
Rear Admiral Clinton E. Braine
U. S. N., will speak as representative
of Secretary Forrestal. Other speak
ers will be Maj. Gen. Lemuel C
Shepherd, jr„ assistat commandant
of the Marine Corps; Joseph Alvar
ez, national commandant of the
| Marine Corps League, and Mrs
Helen Rausch, president of the Ma
rine Corps League auxiliary.
Comdr. Alvo O. Martin, Chap
lains’ Corps, U. S. N., and formet
chaplain of the 3d Marine Division
will give the invocation and benedic
^ ••• ■—■:•: ■ -•• .«•■ rope-:-: WvVfMppiaMHPWBWHW/Ill' ' '1 BMW VHHMMBHBa.,
j MACFARLAND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES—Diplomas will be presented to 180 members of the senior class In ceremonies to be held at the school, Iowa avenue and Varnum street N.W.,
1 at 2 pm., June %7. —Rideout 8c Stepp Photo.
Horan Promises
Economy Won't
Mean 'Meat-Ax
House Group Studies
Ways to Expand D. C.
Auditing Controls
By Don S. Warren
. The Horan subcommittee of the
House Appropriations Committee
today resumed its search |pr econ
omies in the municipal government,
but tlje chairman, Representative
Horan, Republican, of Washington,
promised there would be no use
made of a “meat ax.”
The subcommittee devoted the
entire morning to a review of the
work of the District auditor, A. R.
Pilkerton. Mr. Horan said the
group had under study proposals to
expand and strengthen auditing
It appears, he said, savings can
be made especially in operations of
the Welfare Department through
the elimination of “abuses.”
The auditor, Mr. Horan continued,
is to file a report on this subject.
Teacher Pay Action Planned.
Simultaneously, other Congres
sional leaders laid plans for House
action this week on the latest re
draft of the teacher pay bill. This
was prepared over the weekend by
Corporation Counsel Vernon E. West
with the collaboration of school of
Chairman Bates of the fiscal sub
committee of the House District
Committee Introduced the new
"clean” bill shortly after the House
met at noon, and called his sub
committee to meet later In the day
to report It out.
Chairman Dirksen of the full
House District Committee promptly
scheduled a meeting for tomorrow
at 11 a.m\ to send the new draft to
the House. District leaders are
seeking a rule from the Rules Com
mittee to permit the teacher pay
bill and other measures to come be
fore the House Thursday.
Today was District Day but the
House acted on no legislation at
today’s session because of the death
of Representative Fred Bradley, Re
publican of Michigan.
Charity Being Surveyed.
Mr. Bates said the redrafted teach
er pay bill, while carrying extensive
changes in language, made no
change in the proposed new pay
levels. The new bill would constitute
new substantive law, repealing ear
lier teacher pay acts, instead of
being an amendment to earlier laws.
Mr. Horan said his subcommittee
had determined to find out* the full
impact of costs on District residents
resulting from welfare and charity
activities here. He said reports were
being prepared showing outlays by
private charity groups, including
Catholic organizations and the
Shriners, as well as District Govern
I ment funds
Discussing the work of the Dis
trict auditor, Mr. Horan said "at
long last, a lot of thoughtful people
here are awakened on the point
there is too great a spread of re
Now Audited Twice.
While suggesting possibilities of
saving, he said it had developed
expenditures for the public schools
now are audited twice. One through
audit, he continued, should be suf
Actions taken by Congress on the
budget requests of national depart
ments, Mr. Horan said, do not <
indicate similar patterns would be
followed by his subcommittee or by
Congress on the District budget.
He said it was recognized the city
problems were different.
Mr. Horan reiterated his belief
that the Federal payment toward
the District should be adjusted in
keeping with a formula. He is the
author of one of the formula bills
now before the Joint Fiscal Sub
committee. One of these, he said he
felt sure, will be recommened to
Few Canceling Orders
For Cars, Dealers Say
If you are planning to buy that
new car when some one else on the
list has given up, get set for a long
Cancellations of new car orders
since January 1 have been "neg
ligible,” according to the National
Automobile Dealers Association. The
survey, based on a Nation-wide
study of orders since July 31, 1945,
found that dealers have more new
orders on hand than ever—twice aa
many as they can fill this year.
At present production rates only
30 per cent of the cars needed to fill
orders is being received by dealers,
while cancellations for the whole
period was 16 per cent of the total,
most of them occurring in 1946.
Dr. Katherine Rice to Talk
Dr. Katherine K. Rice will speak
before the Public Health Nursing
Section of the Graduate Nurse Asso
ciation in the auditorium of the Na
tional Archives Building, at 8 o'clock
tonight. Her subject will be: "The
Place of the Public Health Nurse In
a Mental Hygiene Clinic.”
Raccoon Eludes
2 Police an Hour
In District Cellar
"Shining eyes” had no romantic
meaning for Police Pvt*. Norman L.
Richardson and James R. Carson
last night.
About 2:30 a.m. they answered a
call for help at an apartment house
at 1810 Sixteenth streen N.W. and
were met by a quaking colored
Janitor who said "eyes were shining”
at him in the darkened basement.
It was a simple matter for the two
policemen to do a little Investigating
and discover they were the eyes of
a large raccoon. Catching the ani
mal was another matter.
For the next hour they chased The
raccoon around the basement and
worked themselves into a lather of
perspiration, coal dust and cobwebs.
Finally they cornered it. but the
only way to capture it was to club
the 25-pound animal over the head
with a billy. 8o the animal's death
was listed as ‘Resisting arrest.”
It was 4 a.m. when the two men
emerged from the basement and
headed for a shower and a change
of clothes. Where the animal cams
from wa* not determined.
c t

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