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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 28, 1947, Image 1

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Temperatures today—High, 84. at 1:30 pjn.; Editorial .A-U’ Society, Clubs B-3
low, 76, at 6:08 a.m. Yesterday—High, 81, * l 4 Editor! Articles, A-13 Sports _A-26-21
at 5:20 pjn.; low, 60, at 5:10 am. StlrSiSSi |HHi^—A-** Where to Go.—»-»
(Pnu Report ea Pete a-*.) > Lost and Found __A-3 Woman's Page .B-16
__Lote New York Morkets, Foge A-23. _ A59**'01^ Press Newspoper
95th YEAR. No. 57,643 Phone NA 5000. [WASHINGTON, D. C.t WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1947—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. ★★★ wcTaH^t^men?i^*da«8u$idoo 5 CENTS
Disputed Ballots
Lost in Burglary
At Kansas City
Clark Orders FBI to
Investigate Rifling of
Election Board Vault
BULLETIN
Attorney General Clark to
day ordered the Federal
Bureau of Investigation to
investigate the theft of ballots
from the August 6, 1946, pri
mary election in Kansas City.
Mr. Clark announced the order
during a recess of a Senate
Judiciary Subcommittee ses
sion considering a resolution
by Senator Kem, Republican,
of Missouri for an inquiry into
Mr. Clark’s failure to act in
connection with alleged pri
mary irregularities.
By me asiocioim rresi
KANSAS CITY, May 28.—The
City Board of Election Commis
sioners reported today that its
vault had been burglarized and
ballots under investigation by
the Jackson County grand jury
had been carried away less than
12 hours; after the jury had rec
ommended continuation of an
investigation into alleged fraud
In the 1946 primary election.
* Ludwick Graves, chairman of the
board, said both doors of the large
storage vault in the county court
house had been pried open and
“three ballot boxes containing bal
lots checked by the grand jury have
been opened.”
“One of the boxes,” he added, “is
definitely empty.”
The county grand jury, which
completed its term last night, re
turned a total of 81 indictments
against 71 persons, and recom
mended a complete recount of all
ballots in the race for the Demo
cratic nomination for Representa
tive in Congress from the fifth Mis
souri district last August.
Says Fraud Beat Slaughter.
“It is our belief,” the grand jury' 1
report said, “that Roger C. Slaughter ]
in this race was deprived of the
nomination by a fraudulent mis
count of votes and other types of
ii auu.
Mr. Slaughter, running for re
election, was defeated by Enos'
Axtell, who w’as indorsed both by.
President Truman and James M.l
• Pendergast, head of a Kansas City j
democratic faction. Mr. Axtell was j
defeated in the general election by
Albert M. Reeves, Republican.
Mr. Graves said the theft of the!
ballots early today apparently was
“the work of professionals.”
He said the burglars had brought *
a mattress to the vault, but ap
parently did not need it. The outer,
double door had been pried open
from the top, and the single inner!
door had been forced in a similar,
manner.
Waiting on Fingerprint Tests.
“We have not gone in there yet,” ;
he explained. “And are waiting for |
the Federal Bureau of Investigation
and police to take fingerprints and j
make their investigation.”
“From what we can see, three
boxes have been opened, and one of
them is definitely empty,” he de
clared.
He explained that the boxes had
been returned by the grand jury to
the board and had been placed in
the vault by two election commis
sioners, one Democrat and one Re
publican. The boxes, metal ballot!
containers, were locked and sealed.;
"The boxes contained all the
ballots turned over to the jury,” Mr.
Graves declared.
Robert Murphy of the Kansas
City office of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, said Mr. Graves had
informed his office of the theft and
WUVICU .
"We probably will help out some.”
The Election Board office, which
handles elections and registrations
for the city precincts, is located on
the first floor of the Jackson County,
courth&ise, across the street from
City Hall.
Called Premeditated Plan.
In its report the jury said its in
vestigations disclosed a ‘‘deliberate,
calculated and premeditated plan to
miscount and otherwise steal votes"
from certain candidates in the pri
mary In Jackson County.
Evidence collected by Kansas City
Star reporters and investigators was
used by the grand jury. More than
8.000 persons were interviewed by
the newspaper's investigators.
Jury Urges FBI Aid.
"We strongly urge that the
United States Department of Jus
tice and the FBI enter this investi
gation," the report stated.
A week ago in Washington, Sen
ator Kem, Republican, of Missouri
charged that Attorney General Clark
failed to act on the alleged irregu
larities in tne fifth district primary.
A Senate Judiciary Subcommittee
began a preliminary investigation of
the accusations today.
Senator Kem said Mr. Clark con
tended an FBI investigation, made
at his request, showed no basis for
prosecution In connection with the
primary.
.. ■' ■■■■■■ i
Bonuses Are Paid
Men Who Worked
In Phone Strike
Supervisory employes who worked
diming the recent six-week tele-;
phone strike have received bonuses
ranging from $300 upward, it Was
learned today.
The Chesapeake & Potomac Tele- j
phone Co. had no official comment.1
but did not deny a rumor that about
500 workers had benefited by the
payments.
Management personnel working
throughout the strike maintained a
large percentage of long-distance I
sendee and kept the District’s dial
system working efficiently. Their
long overtime hours were rewarded!
with free meals In the company !
cafeterias. ’ |
. ♦
White House Used Pressure
For'Red Films/ Probers Charge
Hollywood Inquiry Report Also Says NLRB
Helped Communists Infiltrate Industry
•y th« Associated Press
A subcommittee reported to
the House Un-American Activi
ties Committee today that “some
of the most flagrant Communist
propaganda films were produced
as a result of White House pres
sure.”
The report did not say who occu
pied the White House at the time
the films were produced.
The report was based on an in
vestigation recently completed in
Hollywood by Chairman Thomas, of
New Jersey, and Representative Mc
Dowell, Republican, of Pennsyl
vania.
The subcommittee reported, also,
that “the National Labor Relations
Board has given great aid to thej
Communists in their efforts to in-'
filtrate and control the motion pic
ture industry.”
The report did not say who in the
White House or Labor Board was
responsible for helping communism
in the movie capital, nor did it say
when such assistance was given.
The report recomended that:
1. The full committee ‘‘intensify
its investigation of Communist in
fluences in the motion picture in
dustry” with a view to public hear
ings here at the earliest possible
date.
2. The committee subpoena Com
munist actors, writers, directors and:
producers and ‘‘confront them in |
public session with the testimony!
and evidence against them.”
In addition the report proposed;
an investigation to “determine the|
(See UN-AMERICAN, Page A-6l~ I
26 More Nazi Guards
At Mauthausen Camp
Hanged by U. S. Army
Executions Take 3 Hours
And 30 Minutes, Bringing
Two-Day Total to 48
By the Associated Pres*
LANDSBERG, Germany, May
28.—United States Army execu
tioners hanged 26 more SS (Elite;
Guard) administrators of in
famous Mauthausen concentra
tion camp today, completing the!
execution of 48 of the camp’s;
guards and foremen for war
crimes.
Twenty-two men W'ere hanged'
yesterday in two hours and 37 min
utes. Today’s executions of 26 men i
took three hours and 30 minutes, j
One man received a last-minute j
stay of execution. He was Otto;
Striegel, 32. the Mauthhausen mess;
sergeant. A final decision is ex- j
pected from United States Armyj
headouarters within 24 hours.
When informed of the reprieve,!
Striegel defiantly demanded to know
why he w-as not being hanged with
his comrades.
Smi’es Standing on Trap.
Maj. Victor Zoller. Mauthhausen;
commandant, was the last to die \
as the United States Army hang- j
- ;
Nazi Guard Forgets
Bravado in Facing
Landsberg Gallows
By the Associated Press
LANDSBERG, Germany, May
28—Willi Frey, 23, who was a
guard at Mauthausen Concen
tration Camp, told jailers he
was going to sing "Give Me
Five Minutes More” and "Open
the Door, Richard” as he
marched the last mile to the
gallow's this morning.
When the time came to go,
however, he W'as completely
subdued. His final words, de
livered slowly, haltingly and
without bravado were:
"I am praying like Jesus on
the cross. I am dying without
fault. Father forgive them.”
men wound up the largest execu
tions by an Allied power in the
'history of war crimes prosecutions.
Zoller, 35, smiled as he stood on
1 the trap for his last words. Like
many of the others he declared he
w'as not a war criminal and added:
j "Many who were hanged here
vesterday were not war criminals
either.”
An American military court con
(See “NAZIS, PageTtT)
Jews Blast Oil Supplies
In Area of Haifa Port 1
By the Associated Press
JERUSALEM, May 28.—Two Jews
drove a truck into the heavily;
guarded Haifa port area today and
threw explosives near oil barrels of
Iraq Petroleum Co., officials said.
Little damage was reported.
A British policeman was injured
slightly when an explosive went off
as he was trying to extricate it from
a fence. Another bomb tore a hole
■ in the fence and cut a water pipe
line. The assailants escaped.
The attack came shortly before a
Jerusalem military court postponed
until Friday the trials of five Jews
accused of active participation in
I the May 4 prison delivery at Acre
'Defense attorneys pleaded for timej
to prepare their cases for Amon
Ben Mikhailov and Reuben Ziter
ibaum.
The other three defendants adopt
ed the traditional attitude of the
underground Irgun Zvai Leumi, re
fusing to make any plea in the
j trial. One tried to make a political
| speech, but was silenced. All five
defendants entered the courtroom
. singing the Jewish national anthem.
Senate Will Approve
Tax Bill Tomorrow,
Millikin Predicts
Chairman's Hopes Rise
After Easy Victory on
Community Property
ty the Associated Press
Senator Millikin, Republican,
of Colorado said today he is
“more hopeful thfti ever” that
:the Senate will approve the $4,
000,000,000-a-year income tax
| cut by tomorrow night.
1 The Finance Committee chair-1
man's optimism was reinforced by!
the margin with which the measure!
cleared its second big test late yes-1
jterday.
By the top-heavy tally of 51 to
29, the Senate defeated an amend
ment by Senator McClellan, Demo
crat, of Arkansas, which would have
granted husbands and wives in all
;the States—rather than only 10 as
; as present— the right to split their
income in making out their tax!
! returns.
On Monday the Republicans turn-!
jed back by a vote of 48 to 44 a
Democratic effort to DostDone action
on the tax cut until June 10.
More Amendments Pending,
j As floor manager for the bill, Sen
jator Millikin said he believes the
' opposition reached its high mark on
those two proposals. A dozen or;
; more proposed amendments awaited
action, but Senator Millikin said:
"I think there will be a disposition1
not to put up too many road blocks!
now'." ^
A possibility remained that the!
Democrats might stage a light to
postpone the effective date of the
cut until next January 1. Some
Senate authorities believe, however,
that the parliamentary situation
precludes such a move. In adopting
committee amendments yesterday,
the Senate approved a specific table
of lowered withholding rates to gdi
in effect July 1.
The House had voted to make thej
reduction effective last January 1. i
This was stricken by the Finance1
Committee after testimony that the;
Treasury would have to make more
than $750,000,000 in refunds for!
overpaid taxes.
10 to 30 Per Cent Cuts.
As the bill now stands, it calls for;
income tax reductions ranging from
30 per cent for the lowest paid to
10.5 per cent for those in the top1
brackets, over a full year’s period, j
Senator Millikin said that if the!
Senate passes the bill tomorrow', he
hopes to get it into conference with
the House Monday. Apparently lit
tle will be in dispute besides the
effective date, and Senator Millikin
said the conferees should be able
to expedite it.
The Senate adopted a provision
granting an extra $500 personal
exemDtion to taxDavers over fl5 vears
of age, and an extra $500 exemp
tion to their spouses, too, if they
exceed that age. Senator Lucas,
Democrat, of Illinois objected fruit
lessly to inclusion of the provision.
(See TAXES. Page A-6.)
Greek-Bulgarian Border
Violations to Be Probed
By lt,« Associated Press
ATHENS, May 28.—A Uni*d Na
tions Balkan Investigating Com
mission team will visit the Greek
Bulgarian border^ Monday to in
vestigate fresh reports of frontier
violations in the neighborhood of
the Rupel Gorge, near Salonika.
Unofficial reports said the Soviet
representative opposed a motion for
the visit.
Military sources said a band of
more th^n 1,000 guerrillas attacked
five towns and villages in the vicinity
of Katerine, southwest of Salonika.
Monday night and were repelled
after a fight of several hours.
In Athens, the editor of the
Communist newspaper Rizospastis,
Charilaos Manos, was sentenced to
two years imprisonment by a mili
tary court which convicted him of
publishing a secret document.
President Denounces Wallace
In Letter to VFW Commander
By Robert S. Allen
North Amoricon Newspoper Allionce
President Truman has thrown
down the gauntlet to Henry Wallace
in a personal letter excoriating him
in unsparing terms.
The letter is in the possession of
Louis E. Starr, national commander
of the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
Mr. Starr today confirmed exist
ence of the letter; also that it
scathingly denounces the former
Democratic Vice President and
Secretary of Commerce in the Tru
man cabinet. But Mr. Starr ex
plained he did not feel free to
“elease the letter without the per
mission of the President.
"Personally,” Mr. Starr said. “I
would like to, see this letter Mas
oned on the front page of every
paper in the country. It says things!
about Wallace that should be said
and every American should know.
But this is a personal letter and,
without the express approval of the
President. I don't feel free to make
it public.”
It is reliably understood that in
the letter the President bitterly
characterizes Mr. Wallace as a
'•publicity hound" and charges him
with making "wild statements" con
cerning the administration's foreign
policy; also, that the President
brands as "not worthy of cogni
zance” Mr. Wallace’s charge that the
administration has embarked the
country on an imperialistic course.
The President's scorching letter Is
of the utmost political significance.
(See LETTISH, Page A-6.)

15c Offer Made
By Ford fo UAW;
Salaries Up 10%
20,000 to Get Boost
Now; Other Changes
In Contract Opposed
By th« Associated Press
DETROIT, May 28.—The Ford
Motor Co. today offered 130,000
CIO-United Auto Workers the
equivalent of a 15-cents-an-hour
wage increase and simulta
neously raised 20,000 salaried
employes 10 per cent.
The salary increase was limited to
those making less than $1,000
monthly and becomes effective June
1, the company said.
The offer was worded in such a
way as to exclude 3,800 striking fore
men as long as they were not covered
by a contract.
The proposal to the UAW-CIO,
which has threatened strike action
after three weeks of negotiations.
uroc nrmrfifinnfiH thnlr oooontonon
of their old contract virtually intact
except for wage issues.
No Comment From Union.
It provided an 11‘i-cent hourly
wage increase plus six paid annual
holidays, identical with the pattern
established in settlements with Gen
eral Motors Corp. and Chrysler Corp.
There was no immediate union
comment.
Acceptance by the UAW of the
proposed increase would raise the
average Ford production wage to
$1.50% an hour compared to 1.42%
at General Motors and $1.44% at
Chrysler.
The Ford statement said the com
pany had hoped to reach agreement
with the UAW by the time the old
contract expires May 30, but ex
pressed a willingness to negotiate
to June 15, with the wage increase
retroactive to May 31. t
$43,000,000 Held Involved.
Ford said the proposed increases
to the production workers would add
approximately $43,000,000 to its an
nual labor cost and added:
“This added cost to production of
cars and trucks at this critical time
must somehow be compensated for
oy mgn productivity, continued i
freedom from unauthorized work'
stoppages and sustained high pro
duction if we are to escape the un
sound position of simply passing
the bill on to our consumers.”
The UAW entered negotiations
with the company with a demand
for a 2314-cent-an-hour increase,
the same figure which was aban
doned during negotiations, with the
other members of the industry’s Big
Three.
The Ford statment made no men
tion of an old-age retirement plan,
which the union had put forth as
another major demand.
Union Salary Workers Included.
The 10 per cent salary increase
was also offered to ‘‘the recognized
collective bargaining agents of those
salaried employes who are repre
sented by duly certified unions.”
A spokesman said this provision
would exclude striking members of
the Foremen's Association of Amer
ica, independent, whose contract!
with the firm was terminated by
both sides in advance of the May 211
walkout.
Meanwhile, the UAW announced
it contemplated possible strike ac
tion against the Briggs Manufac-;
turing Co.
The auto union, which bargains!
io.wu x>iiggs employes, warned
difficulties in 1947 contract negotia
tions. Briggs manufacturers auto
bodies.
Negotiations Broken Off.
Contract negotiations between
Briggs and the auto union were
broken off yesterday amid conflict-1
ing statements from management
and union.
Emil Mazey, director of the UAW
(See UAW, Page A-5.)
Lovett Is Confirmed
For Acheson's Post
By the Associated Press
Robert A. Lovett of New York
was confirmed by the Senate today
as Undersecretary of State.
The action came by unanimous
consent on the request of Chairman
Vandenberg of the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee.
Mr. Lovett, a former Assistant
Secretary of War. succeeds Dean
Acheson. who Is resigning to enter
1 private business.
Cashier Is Kidnaped;
Bandits Miss $40,C J
\ j
By the Associated Preis
i TRACY CITY, Tenn., May 28.—
Alvin Henderson, bank cashier, was
kidnaped from his home, tied in his
automobile and his 70-year-old
mother was bound in the attempted
roberry of the First National Bank
here early today. .The bandits
missed a $40,000 mine payroll, how
tevlr'.. .
xiic ^cu-unci tuiu urncers ne was
tied up in his automobile about 7
miles from here on the Sequatchie
Valley road but escaped unharmed
after his abductors fled.
Grundy County Sheriff D. E.
Grooms stated a search for two or
4more men involved in the abduction
after Mr. Henderson’s mother, Mrs.
Ida Henderson, said her son was
taken from their home four blocks
from the bank about 1 a.m.
The sheriff said one of the men
knocked on Mr. Henderson's door
and shoved a .45-caliber automatic!
pistol in Mr. Henderson's ribs. The
kidnaper then bound Mrs. Hender
son and forced her son to drive to
the bank in his own car.
On entering the bank the man
said he wanted “the payroll" of
Tennessee Consolidated Mines. Mr.
; Henderson explained he was unable
to open the vault and it was not
j entered.
After Mr. Henderson was left
■ bound in his own car the kidnaper
Iwas picked up by another car, the
! sheriff reported.
4
[ WU DONT HAVE I
TO GO BEHIND 1
THE IRON CURTAIN
lb FIGURE THAT
miT t _^
$10,845 Water Front Holdup Marshall Contradicts
Is Reported by Auto Dealer May on Unfair Cutback!
iNorroiK man naa
Just Driven New Car
To Ship Line Dock
A Norfolk automobile dealer;
told police two men robbed him,
of $10,845 early today near the
old Occoquan wharf in the 900:
block of Maine avenue S.W.
The complainant, John W. Barnes,'
33, said he had just delivered a car.
to the Norfolk and . Washington
Steamboat Co. at 685 Maine avenue;
S.W. and was searching for a taxicab |
when the holdup men accosted him;
about 2:30 a m.
He told Detective Sergt. Richard
Meissner one of the men carried!
a .45 caliber automatic, and that
they forced him off the street 200
feet to a point behind a truck near
the wharf.
One of the men struck him in back
of the head, Mr. Barnes said. Later
they found $400 on him, and on
closer inspection, discovered remain
uci m lilt; mige sum ill d. money
belt, police were told.
Mr. Barnes said a dark car then
drove up near the wharf and the
men disappeared in it. The victim
walked to a nearby filling station
in his undershirt—his shirt had been
torn off in the robbery—and repor
ted to police.
The robbers took six $500 bills, 78 ■
$100 bills and $45 in smaller bills,
Mr. Barnes said.
Mr. Barges buys and sells cars all [
over the country for his firm andj
had just purchased a new Ford at j
Harrisburg, Pa. He drove it to the
Norfolk & Washington docks and
arranged for shipment today to
Norfolk. The dealer opened a suit
Senate Unit Approves!
D. C. Teacher Pay Bill!
With 2 Amendments
Discrimination Protest,
Defeated in Committee,
May Bring Floor Fight
By Don S. Warren
Amended in two respects, the
teacher pay bill today clearad
the Senate District Committee
but faces a renewal of a fight
over one issue on the Senate
floor.
The single issue remaining among
committee members is the demand
of several Southern members that
27 high school teachers having su
perior ratings, but lacking master’s
degrees, be given the same new
(maximum pay available to high
j school teachers having M. A. de
! grees.
A move to exempt the 27 from
| the ‘‘single salary scale plan” em
bodied in the pay bill was defeated
at today's special meeting of the
committee by a vote of 6 to 5. Four
proxies were counted in this vote.
Floor Fight Threatened.
The exemption move was led by
Senators Umstead of North Caro
jlina, Sparkman of Alabama, and
' Johnston of South Carolina, all
Democrats. Senator Johnston served
notice he would oppose the bill when
jit is taken up in the Senate until
jit is amended to correct what he
and his colleagues termed a dis
crimination against veteran teach
ers who have won superior ratings
under the present system.
i „ — r iu.__ j__a.__i_i
V/ilV V* VWV Ulliv liu > VliVU II1UU
the bill on the recommendation of ;
Chairman Cain of the fiscal sub-i
committee in charge of the bill!
would have the effect of reducing |
the ultimate pay of school officers;
and principals by $500 unless they;
have master's degrees.
Senator Cain offered the amend- 1
ment because of criticisms voicedi
by other members. This was that;
if a pay differential is made between;
teachers having M. A. degrees andj
those without them the same prin- i
I ciple should apply to the adminis
trative officers.
Sick Leave Liberalized.
The other amendment, also of
; fered by Senator Cain as a result of
I criticisms aired at today's special;
session, would liberalize sick leave!
provisions for attendance and work;
permit officers. The amendment
provides they shall be entitled,
under regulations of the Board of
Education, to sick leave with pay,
with the leave including the per
sonal illness of the officer or per
(See TEACHER PAY, Page'A-5.)
¥
*
JOHN W. BARNES.
—Star Staff Photo.
case to show police Virginia dealers’
tags he had removed from the car
before ordering it shipped.
Part <}f the money he carried was |
obtained in a deal in Pittsburgh
where he sold a 1947 Cadillac for
$5,300 after buying it for $4,250, he
said. The man who bought the car j
he knew only as the ‘‘Smiling Irish
man,” Mr. Barnes added.
He described the robber with the
revolver as 25 to 30 years old, 5 feet
10 inches tall, 185 pounds in weight, j
with dark hair and complexion,1
wearing a double-breasted pinstripe
suit and a light gray felt hat.
The other man was 20 or 22 years
old, 5 feet 7 inches, 140 pounds, with
blond hair and fair complexion, and.
wearing a light gray single-breasted j
suit and no hat.
Truman Plans Returnj
To White House Soon
As Mother Improves
Hopes Her Condition Will
Permit Him to Leave
By End of This Week
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
1 KANSAS CITY, May 28.—
President Truman said today
that his mother had her best
night since he had been here
j and that he was thinking of re
: turning to Washington.
“You think it is possible that you
will go back before the week end?”
i the President was asked as he left
the Muehlebach Hotel here for his
112th day at the bedside of the 94
year-old Mrs. Martha Truman at
Grandview. „
‘‘I don't want to make any definite
prediction on thgj:,- but I hope that
her condition will be such to permit
it,” Mr. Truman said.
President Is Smiling.
The President was smiling broadly
as he came through the lobby after
breakfast, for the 17-mile drive to
the home where his mother has been
gravely ill for nearly two weeks.
Asked how Mrs. Truman was
! feeling this morning, the President,
: who always calls his sister. Miss
| <See TRUMAN, Page A-6.1
In Garsson Contracts
Denies Any Knowledge
Of Ex-Representative's
Dealing With Combine
By Robert K. Walsh
Secretary of State Marshall,
testifying today at , the District
Court trial of former Represent
ative Andrew J. May, contra
dicted earlier testimony by May
on ammuniticfn contract cut
backs which affected the Gars
son munitions combine.
May and Henry and Murray:
Garsson are charged with conspir
acy to defraud the Government.
The prosecution is attempting to
prove that May received bribes
totaling $53,000 for his services to
the Garssons.
Gen. Marshall, wartime chief of
staff, said that in 1945 great cut
i backs were being made in munitions
| orders. May had testified that he
had protested the cutbacks as un
fair to the Garsson combine. May
at that time was chairman of the
aauuoc; i-vAiiitai y vUlunUHCr. !
In contradicting May’s testimony'
that the Garssons were treated un
friendly, Gen. Marshall declared,
however, that he knew “nothing
whatever” about May’s association
with the Garsson brothers.
Defense Calls Members of Congress.
Defense council called Gen. Mar
shall, together with four members
of Congress, who appeared as char-1
acter witnesses for May.
Gen. Marshall, when asked about
May’s reputation for “honesty, in
tegrity and fair dealing,” replied: j
"That question never came up1
in my mind. I took him to be a
man of integrity. I heard no com
ments to the contrary,”
The defense' began questioning
Gen. Marshall about discussions he
had with May and other Congres
sional leaders during the war con
cerning production of the 8-inch
shell. The Garsson companies had:
several contracts of that kind.
One of the “overt acts” cited in ;
the indictment against May and the i
Garssons is that May put pressure
on War Department authorities in;
protesting against cut-back orders
on those contracts in 1945.
May testified last week that he
made legitimate protests to that ef
| (See GARSSON, Page~A^6l
■ • A m ~
Lion Arracks i ramer
At Circus Performance |
By th« Associated Press
: DECATUR, Ga„ May 28 —Ernest
Enger, 57-year-old animal trainer of
Springfield Gardens, N.Y., received
several severe bites on the hips and
;legs last night when attacked by a
i lion during a performance of the j
Hippodrome Thrill Circus.
Enger, who lost an arm when at
tacked by a lion several years ago.
received emergency treatment at a
hospital and returned to the circus
; to take his bow.
The trainer was attacked im
mediately after entering the cage
and was knocked to the floor when
the beast sprang at him. Circus
attendants, with heavy poles, best
off the lion while others entered the
cage and carried Enger out.
-H
248,000-Ton Offer of Steel
Was Forged, FBI Expert Says
Ey th# Associated Press |
Two handwriting experts, one an;
FBI agent, testified today that a
letter offering delivery of 248,000!
tons of steel to a Pittsburgh broker
was forged.
The letter is the key to a $50,000.
000 “gray market" steel transaction
under investigation by a Senate |
Small Business Subcommittee.
It bore the name of A. R. Zapp,
an employe of the Firth-Sterling
Steel and Carbide Corp. of McKees
port, Pa., and purportedly promised
.delivery of the steel to E. A. Kersch
baumer, Pittsburgh steel broker.
Fred M. Miller, an FBI hand
writing expert, told the subcom
mittee he had examined the letter
and other specimens of Mr. Zapp's
handwriting. He said:
“The signature ‘A. R. Zapp,' on
the Firth-Sterling letterhead, dated
March 5, 1947, is not the genuine
signature of Zapp.”
Mr. Miller said he has been un
able to determine thus far who did
sign the letter.
* f.
Maurice A. Nemberg, Pittsburgh
handwriting expert hired by the
Firth-Sterling Co., testified:
“My conclusion is that Mr. Zapp
did not and could not under any;
circumstances have signed his sig
nature on this exhibit.”
The subcommittee had hopes that
a key witness in its inquiry would
appear today to tell hisjstory.
Committee officials said Federal
marshals had not, up until last
night, been able to serve a nine
day-old summons on the witness,
Herbert M. Karp of New York.
But Senator Cain, Republican, of
Washington, acting chairman, told
newsmen Mr. Karp promised in a
telephone call several days ago to
appear either yesterday or today
“with or without the subpoena.”
He did not show up yesterday!
and the Senators delayed reopening
of their inquiry into the 850,000.000:
steel transaction which previous wit
nesses have said fell through after ;
Mr. Karp demanded a kickback of
approximately $18,000,000. 1
Coalition Wins
In First Test on
Farm Bill Cuts
House Votes Boost
Of $3,500,000 for
Marketing Research
By J. A. O'Leary
The House farm bloc won a
victory over economy-minded
Republicans today in its first at
tempt to restore cuts in the 1948
Agriculture Department appro
priation bill.
A move by Representative Can
non, Democrat, of Missouri, to in
crease the fund for research into
marketing methods from $6,000,000
to $9,500,000 was adopted by a teller
vote of 116 to 109. Tellers were
demanded by GOP leaders after the
amendment had been tentatively
approved on a standing vote, 83
to 63.
While the amount involved was
only $3,500,000 out of an over-all
reduction of $383,400,000 made by
the Appropriation Committee, it
demonstrated the strength of a
coalition in' which nearly all Demo
crats were joined by some of the
Republicans from agricultural States,
Final Vote Today Unlikely.
earner. Representative Anderson.
Republican, of Minnesota, failed in
an effort to make a further cut of
$250,000 in the operating expenses
of the office of Secretary of Agri
culture Anderson, in that case,
however, the Republican leadership
represented by Representative Dirk
sen, of Illinois, was against the fur
ther reduction.
Representative Anderson argued
that too much of the cutting had
been applied to the programs that
affect farmers directly and not
enough in the bureaus of the Agri
culture Department.
Although Republican leaders con
vened the House at 10 am. in the
hope of passing the bill,today. there
was considerable doubt they would
reach a final vote before tomorrow.
The farm bloc coalition failed
yesterday in the first test of
strength, when GOP leaders put
through a special rule, protecting
the cuts from points of order. The
roll call vote was 189 to 170.
Two Amendments Sought.
On behalf of the House Agricul
ture Committee, Chairman Hope
said he would offer today amend
ments to (a) restore $148,000,000
taken from the department by
Appropriations Committee action
and (b) eliminate a requirement
that meat packers pay the bill for
Federal meat inspections.
The $148,000,000 is what the de
partment expected to receive from
Its 30 per cent share of import
duties. Of this $100,000,000 would
have been used for soil conservation
payments. The Appropriations Com
mittee directed that the entire
amount go into the Treasury In
stead. ,
Mr. Hope acknowledged to report
ers that the chances of restoring the
full amount are “dim” and said he
would be willing to compromise on
$48,000,000 to be earmarked for pro
grams encouraging the use of surplus
perishable farm commodities.
But he was ready to fight to the
finish for the meat inspection
amendment.
Democrats Back Proposals.
Democrats indicated yesterday they
would vote solidly for both of Mr.
Hope’s proposals and for Increases
in the allotment for the Federal
school lunch program and for soil
conservation payments.
All 149 of them on hand voted with
Mr. Hope and 21 other Republicans
yesterday against procedure protect
ing the bill from technical objections
that would have meant certain ad
dition of $183,000,000 to the bill.
The $805,143,576 bill is 32 per cent
below the President's budget re
quests. The largest cuts were aimed
at the Soil Conservation Service,
the farm tenant loan program and
the school lunch project.
Soviet Envoy in Britain
Reported Called Home
By Associated Press
LONDON, May 28.—Informed dip
lomatic sources in touch with the
Russian Embassy reported today
that Georgi Zarubin, Soviet Ambas
sador to Britain, had been sum
moned back to Moscow for consulta
i tions.
Soviet Embassy spokesmen were
not available immediately for com
| ment.
The purpose of Mr. Zarubin's re
ported departure from London was
not at once disclosed; but Whitehall
observers recalled that Russia noti
fied Britain late last week she was
ready to begin discussions on the
future of Italy's prewar colonial
empire.
! Those talks, between deputies of
: the Big Four foreign ministers, are
i to take place in London “as soon as
l they can be arranged,” according to
a British Foreign Office spokesman.
French Utility Walkout
Averted by Compromise
By th« Associated Press
PARIS, May 28.—A last-rfiinute
government-labor compromise today
averted a 24-hour nation-wide
“token” strike of 85,000 French gas
and electric workers seeking wage
increases.
Less than an hour before the 2
a.m. deadline for the walkout, the
unions and the government agreed
to submit the wage dispute to medi
ation. In return, the unions can
celed the protest strike and the
government rescinded an order re
quisitioning all utility personnel.
The agreement tentatively desig
nated Grunebaum Ballln of the
Council of State as mediator and
directed him to report findings by
June 8. The Council of State is a
legal Interpretative body roughly
similqf to the United States Su
preme Court.
The compromise came as both
sides appeared to be shying away
from a showdown.
I

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