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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 04, 1947, Image 1

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WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
Quid· for Readers
Page.
Amusements .A14-15
Comics Β 18-1»
Editorial A-l·
Edifiai Articles, A-ll
Finance ... A-Î1
Lost and Found . A-3
Page.
Obituary a-12
Radio B-19
Society, Clubs ...B-3
Sports ...A 17-18-19
Where to Go B-6
Woman's Page .B-l·
Weather Forecast
Sunny and mild; high about 75. Clear to
night; low about 56. Tomorrow mostly sunny
and slightly wanner.
Temperatures today—High, 70, at 12:56 p.m.;
tow, 53, at 6:06 a.m. Yesterday—High, 73,
at 10:38 am.; low, 69, at 1:20 p.m.
(Pull Resort on Pa*e\A-2.)
Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-21.
95th YEAR. No. 57,650 Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 4, 1947-FORTY-TWO PAGES. **★
An Associated Press Newspoper
City Ben· Delivery. Dully and Sunday Κ (TBVmo
80e a Month. When 5 Sundays. «1.00 «* IjJEjJX 10
Braden Resigns
After Fight Over
Argentine Policy
State Department Aide
Was Center of Battle
Over Peron Regime
ly th· Associated Pr·»*
President Truman today an
nounced the resignation of
Spruille Braden as Assistant
Secretary .of State for Latin;
American affairs. #
Mr. BradeT) is a former Ambassa
dor to Argentina and long has been
in the center of a controversy within j
the administration over United
States-Argentina relations.
There have been reports that he
wanted to leave the department, but
was waiting until the outcome of
the differences with Argentina.
These differences were pretty well
ironed out in a conference yester
day of President Truman and Ar
gentine Ambassador Oscar Ivanis
eevich.
Critic of Peron.
Mr. Braden long has been an out
spoken critic of Juan Peron, Argen
tine President, and has been re
ported in disagreement with the
program worked out to settle dif
ferences between the two countries.
The White House made public an
exchange of letters in which Mr.
Braden told the President that re
sponsibilities to his family made
imperative his return to private
business, at an early date.
Accepting the resignation .as of
June 30, the President said he re
SPRUILLE BR ADEN.
W Photo.,
luctantlv did so, but was guided by '
Mr. Braden's wishes in the matter.
"Your record of public service," ;
the President said, "has been out- !
■'standing, whether a* a Relegate toj
lnternptionel conferences or asi
Ambassador in such important posts '
as Colombia, Cuba and Argentina.
"The country has been the bene- ]
ficiary of your patience and skillful
'"negotiations in the various fields in
which you have served."
Served U. S. 10 Years.
Mr. Braden wrote the President!
May 29 that when he acceded to
then Secretary of State Byrnes' re
quest about two years ago that he
come to Washington from Buenos
Aires to serve in the State Depart
ment, he had already given more
than 10 consecutive years to Gov
ernment service.
"I explained to him." Mr. Braden
said, "that I had long neglected my ι
personal affairs and for this reason
I could accept only on a provisional
basis for a year or so."
Diplomats expect Argentina, as
one result of the changed relations,;
will now be successful in her long
bid to get United States arms.
The United States has insisted that
the Argentine government comply—
with "deeds and not promises"—to
previous pledges to eliminate Axis
agents and influences before being
invited to take part in the planned
hemisphere defense treaty.
Envoy Meets With Truman.
Ambassador Ivanissevich reviewed
with Mr. Truman yesterday, the
White House announced, the steps
"his government has taken and is
continuing to take" in fulfillment of !
its obligations, and insisted in effect
that these steps met American de
mands.
Mr. Truman avoided saying flatly
that this Government is satisfied, (
but implied as much by "indicating '
his willingness" to renew consulta
tions with other American republics
regarding the holding of a confer
ence, postponed since October. 1945.
to negotiate the defense pact.
The conference, to be held at Rio
de Janeiro. Brazil, is expected to
be called in July or August if ar
rangements can be made in time.
The apparent end of the long
rift should restore full diplomatic
unity among the 21 American re
publics, with Argentina being re
ceived as a full-fledged good neigh
bor.
To bolster hemisphere defenses in,
connection with the projected new
Inter-American treaty, Mr. Truman
has asked Congress to authorize
transfer by sale or other methods ι
of modern United States arms to'
the other Americas as part of a
program to standardize the equip- j
ment and training of all armies and
navies in the New World.
Two Germans to Die
For Killing 5 Yanks
By the A»soctat«d Pr·**
DACHAU, Germany, June 4 —
Two. German civilians were sen
tenced death and three to prison
terms by American military courts
today for the murder of five un
armed American flyers after their
capture in wartime.
Max Brun» Gartmann. a former;
police official, was ordered hajiged'
for having instructed a firing squad \
to execjitw one airman.
Karl Eecert, who also received)
•t death sentence, was conyicted of
participating in the shooting of four
flyers i)^ a slave labor camp.
!
i
Hague Announces Retirement
From Jersey City Mayor's Post
Will Turn Reins Over
To His Nephew After
30 Years in Office
t ·
ftjutfee Associated Pr«i
JERSEY CITY, N. J., June 4
Mayor Frank Hague, whose fabu
lous career as a political leader
carried into the modern scent
the excitement and fire of an
other era, announced with sud
den abruptness today his retire
ment from office.
The 71-year-old Democratic leadei
who fought his way out of the poor
est district of Jersey City to becomf
one of America's most powerfu
Democratic figures, told netfsmer
hastily sumrtioned to his City Hal
chambers that he would step out ai
Mayor on June 16—the 30th anni
versary of his election to the post.
He will be succeeded by hii
nephew, Prank Hague Eggers, a citj
commissioner.
Mr. Hague said he was taking th<
step—long rumored b\\t continually
scoffed at by the .city, county ant
State Democratic chieftain—becaus<
he felt "the time has come when, ir
justice to my city and my family
I must pass on the heavy burden ο
FRANK HAGUE.
•—A Ρ Photo.
administrative duties to younger
men."
The Mayor, who has sat with the
political mighty for three decades,
but never aspired to any higher
• See HAGUE. Page A-6.1
Eisler Jury Sworn In;
Judge Denies Defense
Motion for Mistrial
U. S. Will Seek to Prove
Alleged Red Leader's
Contempt of House
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
A jury of seven women and
five men was sworn in in District
Court today to hear the case of
Gerhart Eisler, reputed ring
leader of Aitfefican Communists,
charged with contempt of Con
gress.
Assistant United States Attorney
William Hitz, in a 5-minute open
ing statement, saia tne Govern
ment will show Eisler refused last
February 6 to testify before the
House Committeemen Un-American
Activities. Mr. Hitz said the be
spectacled, 54-year-old German told
the committee that he would not
take the customary witness' oath
until he had been allowed to read
a prepared statement.
Abraham J. Isscrman, Eisler's
chief attorney, made no opening
statement. He asked, instead, that
Justice Alexander Holtaoff rule ior
a mistrial on the ground that Eis
ler's action before the committee,
as described by Mr. Hitz. constituted
no violation of the law. Justice
Holt,τοff denied the motion.
Thoma* Is First Witnesn.
Chairman Thomas of the House
Un-American Activities Committee,
then took the stand as the first
Government witness.
The jury was quickly empaneled
after the trial opened, although both
prosecution and defense showed
their concern about group affilia
tions of the venire.
Eisler's attorneys used three
peremtory challenges, all that was;
permitted them. Of the rejected
prospective jurors, two were mem
bers of the American Legion and one
was an employe of the Govern
ment's Central Intelligence Group.
In addition to questioning the!
prospective jurors about organiza-j
;ions to which they belonged, Justice I
HoltzofT asked whether any of them^
lad readd about the Eisler case in'
he Daily Worker newspaper or the
New Masses. All denied this. All
nanel members also denied being
prejudiced against aliens and Com
nunists, and membership in any or
ganization engaging in anti-alien
propaganda.
Justice Holtzoff asked the jury
panel whether they or any members
of their families or close friends of
(See EISLER, Page A-6.)
Man Fatally Injured
In Taft Bridge Plunge
A man tentatively identified as
Louis Wills, about 30. of 1819 Fif
teenth street N.W., died early this,
afternpon after a 150-foot plunge
from the Taft Bridge to Rock Creek.
He was alive when police arrived at
the scene, but Vas pronounced deed
st Emergency Hospital a few min
utes later.
Norman Jackson, 26, colored, of 11 ]
Seventeenth street N.W., said he was
walking beneath the bridge when he
heard a groan and found a. badly
injured man lying in 2 feet of water
and mud in the creek s center.
The man was conscious Jackson ;
said, but lost consciousness before
an ambulance arrived.
The dead man was a file clerk i
employed by the Civil Service Com- |
mission. The commission said he!
had been <5n leave of absence since :
May 23.
The proprietor of a store at 1819
Fifteenth street N.W., said Mr. Wills
had owned the store until last April
when he sold it. Mr. Wills, how
sver, continued to live above the
store with his wife and two small
children.
Envelopes Containing
Explosives Are Sent
To Prominent Britons
Montgomery and Cripps
Reported Recipients of
Letters From Italy
ν . By the Associated Prest
LONDON, June 4.—Scotland
Yard said today that prominent
Britons had received letters from
Italy filled with explosives and
arranged to detonate when
opened.
Maj. Gen. Sir Edward Spears, an
admitted anti-Zionist, said he re
ceived one of the letters and that
it contained "a mechanism like the
inside of a watch between two sheets
of paper" and a bag of powder
"about the size of a banana."
A Scotland Yard spokesman said
"I can neither confirm nor deriv" η
Londan Evening Standard report
that Field Marshal Lord Montgom
ery, chief of the Imperial General
Staff, and Sir Stafford Cripps, presi
dent of the Board of Trade, «lso re
ceived the infernal machines. Scot
land Yard agents visited the War
Office, however.
A spokesman for Prime Minister
Attire said no such .letter was re
ceived at No. 10 Downing Street.#
All Mailed Fronv^taly.
Crime experts were studying the
powder, the type script and the
large-size, double envelopes in an
effort to trace the senders.
A Scotland Yard spokesman said
all the letters were mailed from
Italy, where the Jewish Stern Gang
recently asserted it was responsible
for an explosion in the British
embassy. They were delivered
through regular mail channels.
Gen. Spears said there was "no
actual proof of who sent them."
"One can only guess, but I could
make a jolly good guess," he said.
He added that "I wouldn't pin it
definitely on one or the other" of
the Jewish terrorist organizations,
the Stern Gang or Irgun Zvai
Leumi. Both have asesrted respons
ibility for "numerous terrorist at
tacks in Palestine, a British man
date.
Explosives in Two Envelopes.
Among those stating they received
no such letters were Winston
Churchill, the Arab Office, the Arab
News Agency and the Colonial Of
fice, which handles Palestine affairs.
The "murder by past" missives,
as a London newspaper dubbed the
letters, came in two envelopes. The
outer one was a little larger than
half a typewriter sheet and bore
only a neatly typed address. The
inner envelope was slightly smaller
and contained the midget machine
and powder and bore the address
and words: "Private and Confi
dential."
There was no report that any let
ter had exploded Λ
Secrecy Veils Movements
Of U. 5. Mission in Turkey
By th» A(soc*at«d Pr«s
ISTANBUL. Turkey. June 4.—The
Turkish government dropped a veil
of secrecy today around the move
ments of the American military com
mission now studying the needs of
the Turkish Army under President
Truman's aid program.
The commission arrived here yes
terday and in conformity with a
secrecy order no Turkish newspaper
published anything about it. al
though most every one in Istanbul
knew it was here. „
Maj. Gen. Lunsford E. Oliver,
head of the mission, refused to make
any statement after hearing of the
Turkish order. The mission had
been in Ankara for several days
before coming here. Its movements
there were not made secret, but
Istanbul has been under state of
siege for « considerable time.
26 Tenants Capture Prowler
On Roof in Prearranged Plan
Twenty-six rooming house tenants,
pith a prearranged plan for action
:ornered an agile prowler on the
;hird-story roof today and drama
:ically held him there until police
irrived.
Mrs. Mildred C. Fleming, the land
ady. said her household of friendly
guests had devised the battle plan
several weeks ago when they tired
if sneak thieves breaking Into the
rambling house at 2011 Wyoming
ι venue N.W. and getting away be
fore police arrived.
"Everybody in the house was as
signed a job to do in case a thief
irai heard." Mrs. Fleming said. They
•ven had a code word— sweet pota
to"—which was to be whispered at
*
ι
the roomers' door and" set them into
action.
This is what happened about 12:30
a,m. today, as Mrs. Fleming told it:
Miss Renee Hausenstein, a first
floor roomer, thought she heard a
strange noise, and went into the hall.
Seeing a figure dash up the stairs,
she shouted to the Misses Clair
Shortal and Pearl Peibwebecky, who
had just come in. and asked who had
gone up.
On a third floor. Misses Shortal
and Peibwebecky saw a man dash
into an empty room and attempt to
lock the door. That was a signal for
them to rush downstairs to an annex
(See PROWLER, Page A-5.)
' Γ
Hungary Envoy
Refuses to Bow
To Red Regime
U. S. Calls on Soviet
For Copy of Data Thai
Led to Nagy Ouster
BULLETIN
A1 a d a r Szegedy-Maszak,
Hungarian Minister here, de
clared today he "does not
Tecognize" the new pro-Comr
munist government in Hun
gary. Three of six diplomats
on his Legation staff and five
out of eight administrative
personnel in the chancellery
office joined the Minister in
his announced defiance.
Meanwhile, the State De
partment disclosed the United
States has called on the Rus
sian occupation commander in
Hungary for copies of the "in
formation" he transmitted to
the Hungarian government re
sulting in the ousting of Pre
mier Ferenc Nagy.
A short time earlier, Senator
Eastland, Democrat, of Miss
issippi protested in the Senate
that Russia has made a "vas
sal" of Hungary, and declared
the United Nations must act
f'to preserve the peace and
protect the liberty of the Hun
earian npnnlp "
By the Associated Press
Conceding opponents no mor<
than a dozen votes, Senatoi
Connally, Democrat, of Texa.'
iSaid today that Senate ratiflca
; tion of peace treaties with Italy
Hungary, Bulgaria and RomanU
is a certainty.
! "This fight is all washed up,'
! Senator Connally, former chairmai
of the Senate Foreign Affairs Com
mittee, told a reporter.
The Senate has agreed to vote a'
2 p.m. tomorrow on the four pacts
The Texas Senator, chief Demo
cratic sponsor of the treaties, helc
out no chance at all for a pendinj
motion by Senator Fulbright, Demo
crat, of Arkansas, to defer actior
on the Italian document until Janu
ary 25, 1948.
; Senator Fulbright himself ac
knowledged he is waging a losinj
I battle. He said in an interview hi
j expects to muster only "a few" vote:
; fot postponment. His motion woulc
require only a bare majority, whili
the treaties themselves must be ap
proved by two-thirds of those vot
ing.
Sonator Fulbright added he ha!
no illusions that, he can win η délai
1 in view of strong indorsement o:
the treaties by President Truman
i
I »
Red Hungary Planes
Banned by U. 5. From
Austria and Reich
By tb· Associated Press
BUDAPEST, June 4.—The
American Legation informed
the Hungarian government to
day that planes of the Rus
sian-Hungarian transport com
pany Maszovlet no longer are
being permitted'to fly over the
American zones of Austria and
Germany because of lack of
American civil aviation rights
in Hungary.
The announcement was de
livered to the new Premier,
Lajos Dinnyes, and to Acting
Foreign Minister Erno Mihalyfi.
both pro-Communist members
of the Smallholders Party. It
constituted 'an American re
sponse to Russian and Hun
garian hindrance of American
air activities in Hungary dur
ing the last two years.
1
Chairman Vandenberg of the Sen
ι ate Foreign Relations Committei
and Secretary of State Marshall.
Cites Coup in Hungary.
In offering his motion late yester
day. Senator Fulbright told thi
(Senate he was motivated by "th<
I renewed expansion of the Com
munists as exemplified by theii
action in Hungary."
This was a. reference to the politi·
leal coup which installed Com
, munlst-supported Lajos Dinnyes a.
premier of Hungary, deposini
S Ferenc Nagy.
"I have a feeling," Senator Ful
; bright told his colleagues, "that i
(See TREATIES, PâgeA^6>
1/Uie as Lake ihip
Strikes Rock in Fog
i
Ey tb« Associated Pr»ss * *"
WINDSOR, Ontario, June 4.
; Twelve persons lost their live:
; early today after the heavilj
lore-laden steamer, Emperor, struct
a rock and sank in iog-shroude<
Lake Superior off lonely Isle Royale
Twenty-one survivors wer^ taker
to Fort Williams. Ont.., a Laki
Superior port a short distance north
of the Minnesota boundary.
The 7.000-ton freighter, opera tec
by the Canadian Steamship Lines
Ltd., struck a rock at 4:10 a.m
about five hours after she sailet
from Port Arthur. Ontario, for Ash·
(tabula, Ohio.
Capt. Norman Reoch of Montreal
operating manager of the line, listec
Capt. Eldon Walkinsht\w of Colling
wood. Ont., among the victims. Hi
said the first mate, second engineer
i three cooks and. five other crew
members also drowned. >
At Windsor, officials of the lini
said the Emperor carried a cren
! of 33. but no passengers.
The scene of the sinking was of
Passage Island Light, where a widi
but rock-studded channel connect,
"upper Lake Superior with Thunde:
.Bay.
The area is near Isle Royale. ·ι
beautiful but remote national pari
48 miles out in Lake Superior iron
Michigan's northern-moet tip.
I
^ THEY SAY PEOPLE
ACE RAYING GOOD MONEY
lb HEAR HENRy WALLACE
SPEAK. DOES THfT
[ MAKE WALLACE A J
( FoUTlCAL FACTOR? )
J MOT hjSt
NECESSARILY
Truman Tax Action
Will Await Return
From Missouri Trip
Fate of Reduction Bill
Up to President as
Leaders Guess on Veto
Tax relief on July 1 for 49.000,
000 individuals is entirely in the
hands of President Truman to
i
day and opposing congressional
leaders were trying to outguess'
each other on what he will do.
White House Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross said today that the
J tax bill had not yet reached the
President and that there was no
1 Ukeliheod the President would act
on it before he leaves for Kansas1
City Friday morning to attend a
reunion of the 35th Division.
Asked about the chances for
j action before the President goes to
Canada Monday. Mr. Ross said "I j
don't want to commit, myself."
The President will return from
■ I* \
Missouri Sunday and leave for Can
! ada by train Monday,
I Mr. Truman has 10 days, not
; counting Sundays, to announce his
1 decision.
1 The Senate took the last step in
the passage of the bill yesterday j
afternoon. bSt the 48-to-28 vote was
short of the two-thirds that would
be,required to override a veto.
Well-informed Democrats on Cap
itol Hill say Mr. Truman will veto
the measure unless he has had a
last-minute change of heart. A
veto would be consistent with the;
President's earlier contention that
debt retirement should come ahead :
of tax reduction. Republicans, led
by Senator Taft of Ohio, insist, con- ;
gressional economy and increased
Treasury collections make both pos- ;
sible now.
Truman Gets Bill Today.
The bill, which will reach the
President's desk sometime today,
makes annual cuts ranging from 30
per cent in the lowest income brack
ets to 10.5 per cent at the top. For
the remaining half of calendar '.ear,
1047 the reductions would' be half!
of those annual rates.
When it is In full effect the bill
. would save taxpayers $4,000.000.000 ;
; a year. For the fiscal year starting
July 1. however, it would cost the
Government only $3.300.000,000. j
Secretary of the Treasury Snyder
,i canceled a speaking engagement in ;
Los Angeles tomorrow because nf a
scheduled cabinet meeting. In aj
telegram to James Roosevelt, rljair- ;
man of the California State Dérno
, cratic Committee, Mr. Snyder paid !
.1 the meeting was called as the insult :
■ of "congressional action" and srded,
it was mandatory that he be présent.'
1948 Cuts Under Study.]
There is every indication [that
next year the Democrats woull join j
Republicans in putting throifch a
tax bill. The GOP high comfaand,
acting through Chairman Kajtson
of House Ways and Means Ccpmit- j
tee. already has begun hearifcs on1
a comprehensive revision ί the!
entire tax structure in 1948. |
The present situation, thiefpre,
. boils down to this: Will inJvidual
, ! income taxpayers get a rtfuction
' j now or next January? _ [
The Republicans promise® imme
diate tax relief when they f-gained
congressional control, and tfey may
be counted on to ftle a copjjjf their
1947 tax-cutting bill awayln some
safe place for use in nek year's
election campaign if the Resident
vetoes it.
Democratic strategists blieve tax
reduction next year wouirf,ake any!
political sting out of a vetf his year. ;
: (See TAXES. Page β-5.) j
Boy on Bed Boiéces
15 Feet to Conbete
Yard, Gets Scrftch
ty the Astociat«d fm
BALTIMORE. Ju* 4.—Two
year-old Allan Cosby was
bouncing on the litd of his
second-floor home yesterday—
"when suddenly /ne bounced
right out of thWjrtndow," his
mother, Mrs. Tl»lma Crosby,
reported. /
He landed in J concrete alley,
15 feet bolow J
Doctors saidfiis only injury
was » scratch^ elbow.
D. C. Fiscal Plan Inadequate,
Says Horan; Insists on Sales Tax
Program Seeks Higher
Realty and Gas Levy
And Water Rates
By John $f. Thompson, Jr.
A District fiscal program call
ing for $9,500,000 in new or in
creased taxes and a $4,000,000
boost in the present $8,000,000
annual Federal payment toward
Washington's expenses was be
fore the House District Commit
tee today. But Representative
Horan, Republican, of Washing
ton, chairman of the House sub
committee in charge of the
District budget, declared the new
plan inadequate and renewed his
demand for the sales tax.
The new $13,500,000 money-raising
plan has the backing of the District
Commissioners.
Taxes called for under the plan
and their estimated yield are:
1. A new income tax. including
personal, corporate end unincorpo
rated business levies. Basis for the
personal income tax would be
changed from legal to actual resi
dence. The unincorporated business
Higher Realty J ax
Here May Result
In Rent Increases
An increase in real estate
taxes here may lead to higher
rents, it was learned today.
Rent Administrator Robert P.
Cogswell said the 25-cent in
crease in the realty tax rate
proposed last night by the
House District Fiscal Subcom
mittee, if fnacted, would pose
"a serious question" on rent
increases.
The-Rent Control Act, which
expires December 31 unless
extended, already provides op
portunity for rent increase peti
tions by landlords where tax
increases are a factor in higher
operating expenses and in serv
ices rendered
A bill is pending to continue
controls threugh 1948.
tax would be new. Yield: $3,100,000.
2. A 25-cent increase to $2 per
$100 of assessed valuation in the
real estate tax. Since the Commis
sioners' already have power to raise!
ι See FISCAL, PagYÂT-T)
House to Vote Today
On Labor Curb Bill;
3-to-t Victory Seen
President Is Receiving
Conflicting Advice on
Veto, Capitol Hears
Jly th· Associated Press
Supporters of the compromise
union-restricting bill laid ad
vance claims to a 3-to-l victory
margin today as they called the
measure up in the House for cer
tain passage.
.One more step—Senate approval
—takes the bill to an uncertain fate
at the White House. The Senate
expects to vote tomorrow.
President Truman then will have
to make a decision that could af
fect the direction the big organized
labor vote swings in next year's
election. The Democratic Party has
leaned heavily on union support
in the past.
Word got around the Capitol that
Mr. Truman is getting conflicting
advice from key administration of
ficials on whether to veto or sign
the bill, or let it bccome law with
out signing. Congressional opinion
is split as to the smartest course
politically.
To See Truman Tomorrow.
But some House opponents of the
measure carried a campaign for
a veto straight to the Chief Execu
tive. Democratic Representative
Lesinskt of Michigan and Madder
jf Indiana have an appointment
îfith the Chief Executive at noon
^morrow.
Senator Hatch, Democrat, of New
Mexico talked with Mr. Truman
yesterday. And while he refused to
say what they discussed, Senator
Hatch told reporters afterwards he
thinks the threat of a new soft-coal
strike has increased the possibility
that Mr. Truman will sign the bill.
It contains several provisions that
would tighten the reins on strikes
and unions in various ways;
Examples:
The Government could get court
(See LABOR, PageA-6.i
Garsson Testifies May
Helped Because Army
Didn't Appreciate Him
Declares His Methods
Greatly Increased
Output of Shells
By Robert K. Walsh
Henry M. Garsson testified in
District Court today that he
asked former Representative
Andrew J. May to intercede with
the War Department because
ordnance' officers failed to ap
preciate Garsson manufacturing
methods which later were
adopted and greatly Increased
shell production.
The witness insisted he was a
major contributor to the war effort
and not a conspirator against his
country.
The Garsson brothers. Henry and
Murray, and May, former chair- j
man of the House Miltiary AfTairs
Committee, are charged with con
spiracy to defraud the United |
States. The specific charge is that;
May accepted bribes totaling more1
than $53,000 from the Garssons for
war-time favors he did for them.
A ruling by Justice Henry A.
Schweinhaut blocked intended testi
mony that Garsson got war con
tracts because of his inventions and
engineering ability and not because
oi solicitation by May. Justice
ichweinhaut said such general test
tiony was irrelevant.
Tells of Steel Harden in* Process.
With Henry Garsson on the stand
for the fourth day, defense counsel
was limited to questioning him about
difficulties he said he had with
ordnance officials and the appeals
he made to May for help in getting
War Department recognition of im
proved techniques in munition
manufacturing.
Garsson testified that he de
veloped a steel hardening process
which he applied to the manu
facture of a 4.2 shell. This ulti
mately resulted in an output of
'See GARSSON, Page Α-β.»
Malaria Cure After Testing
15,000 Compounds Reported
By,Thomas R. Henry
\ Science Editer of TH· Star
A "cure" for tertiary malaria
the Army's greatest single medi
cal problem during the war, ha
been obtained after testing mon
than 15.000 different chemica
compounds.
Only when the 13,276th wa
reached did the tests indicate sue
cess.
This was revealed before a mill
tary medicine symposium at thi
Army Medical Center today by Dr
All 8. Alving of the University o<
Chicago.
With supplies erf quinine Jargelj
cut- off at the start of the war, vari
ous drugs were developed whici
'suppressed" the symptoms of ma-1
laria. This merely meant that a
soldier who was infected did not de- :
. velop the typical recurrent chills
? and fever and was able to keep on;
ι working and fighting. The most;
» successful of these drugs was a ta- j
I brine, literally tons of which were!
fed to American troops in the,
.[Pacific and Mediterranean theaters.!
By continuing to take the "sup
pressive" for the rest of his life the ;
soldier need never actually suffer
from malstria, but once he stopped
the symptoms were likely to appear.
Even as it was, tertiary malaria
caused the loss of more than 16,000,-1
000 fighting days to the Army and
Navy and was responsible for 363;
(8ee MALARIA, Page A-5.>
Service Merger
Bill Approved
By Senate Group
No Votes Cast in
Committee Against
Modified Version
TRUMAN URGES early consider»·
tion of universal training in Con
gress. Page A-S
By J. A. O'Leary
The Senate Armed Services
Committee today ordered a fa
vorable report on a modified ver
sion of the administration bill to
unify the armed services under &
secretary of national security.
^Chairman Gurney announced that
there were no votes cast against the
report, but Senator Bridges. Repub
lican, of New Hampshire and sev
eral others reserved the right to
offer amendments 011 the Senate
floor. Eleven of the 13-man com
mittee were recorded for the report.
The final draft contains a pre
amble declaring the purpose of
Congress is to bring about "unified
direction under cijilian control, but
not to merge them."
vu dchak; rrciencu lilHI.
Senate leaders have put the bill
on their preferred list for consid
eration before adjournment, prob
ably in July, but there still is con
siderable doubt that both houses
will have time to act at this session.
On the House side the committee
hearings are not ^et over.
If the Senate acts this year, how
ever, the House could carry on from
that point in January.
Under the bill there vifeuld b·
three separate departments of War,
Navy and Air, each with Its own
secretary, but with the new overall
secretary co-ordinating their plvis.
The final draft carries amend
ments to safeguard the present
status of the Marine Corps and
naval aviation as a part of the Navy.
Thfere is also a clause to make sure
that if the secretary of national
security changes the budget esti
mates of any national defense arm,
Congress would get both the orig
inal and the revised figures.
Regrouping Continues.
A last-minute amendment con
tinues for two years the regrouping
of Army and Navy units made dur
ing World War II. During that
time Congress will consider whether
to make th'ese wartime change»
permanent. . To illustrate, the War
Department was reorganized into
ground forces, air forces and service
forces, instead of having infantry,
cavalry, artillery and quartermas
ter and medical corps all as separate
units.
An important part of the unlflcfc
tion plan is the creation of a nation
al security council, presided over by
the President and made up of the
heads of all branches of the new
national security organization.
The committee voted today to use
the word "organization" Instead of
"establishment."
U. S. Priest to Represent
Pope Unofficially in Soviet
By th« Associated Press
MOSCOW. June 4.—The Rev.
Jean de Matha Thomas—French
Assumptionist priest—has arrived in
Moscow to assume rectorship of the
Roman Catholic Church of St. Louis
of Prance.
The American priest now serving
as rector—the Rev. George A. La- ·
berge—will remain in the Soviet
capital, where in addition to his
duties as chaplain to American
Catholics, he unofficially will rep
resent the Holy See.
In making the announcement, La
berge said:
"Father Thomas has spent most
of his priestly life in the Balkans,
having stayed for some time In
Bulgaria and 17 years in Yugo
slavia up to the time of his im
prisonment by the Germans during
the war. He was freed after 14
months captivity, thanks to the
personal intervention of the Papal
Nuncio in Berlin, and thereafter
api»ointed superior of the Assump
tionist House at Lorgues, Prance.",
Anderson Hints at End
Of Sugar Rationing
ly Hie Associated
Secretin· of Agriculture Anderson
told Senators today that "we are
getting very cloee to the point"
where household rationing of sugar
might be abandoned.
At the same hearing before a
Senate Banking Subcommittee Wal
ter S. Mack. Jr.. president of the
Pepsi-Cola Co., contended the Agri
culture Department, in setting for
ward the dates of sugar rationing
stamps, is "trying to dump sugar Λη
the housewife in large quantities."
thus reducing stocks and making It
appear that rationing remains nec
essary.
Mr. Mack advocated immediate
decontrol of sugar. The committee
is considering a bill by Senator Mc
Carthy. Republican, of Wisconsin,
and others which would do that.
Under present law. the controls may
stay on until next October 31.
Mr. Anderson said an unexpect
edly large Cuban sugar crop fur
nishes a strong hope that additional
sugar will be available to American
housewives, over and above the pres
ent provision for 35 pounds a person.
The question is how to allocate it
if it becomes available.
The Secretary has the power 10
remove controls before October 31
in his discretion. He told the com*
mittee there are "some attractive
arguments" in favor of lifting con
trols on. household sugar, as well a*
some disadvantage*. "I think It i«
a pretty close question," he said.
Dutch Record Quake
AMSTERDAM. June 4 (JPwThe
Royal Dutch Meteorological Inati^
fate at De Bildt reported a "falrjg
strong earthquake" was registq#
today et 12:33 ajn. OreenwA
time (8:33 pm. Tue«d»y. Erf).
il

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