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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 05, 1947, Image 1

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er Forecast
Sunny, warmer today; high near 80. Cloudy.
> not so cool tonight; low about 60. Warm and ilv&lfc
humid tomorrow.
pwESe I^A -V-> yr/ '; W
Temperatures today—High, 70, at 1:20 p.m.; 5 - * *
low. 50. at 6:22 a.m. Yesterday—High, 71, 3§ V' ? V
low. 53. at 6:06 am.
•' '[^l .II mu I mi IIMII ...
95th Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. 0- THURSDAY, JUNE 5, 1947—FIFTY Eg■»a:e»gr»-1
Truman Hits Hungary Red Coup
As Outrage/ Says U. S. Will Act;
Calls Taft Economic Defeatist'
»
State Department
Is Probing Whole
Russian Action
fty th« Associated Press
President Truman today de
nounced the Communist coup in
Hungary as an outrage and
asserted that the United States
does not intend to stand idly by
in that situation.
He told a news conference that
the State Department -right now is
looking into the whole Hungarian
affair surrounding the forced resig
nation of Premier Ferenc Nagy last
week.
A reporter said that it has been
•uggested that the United States is
sometimes in the position of shaking
its fist at Hungary and sometimes
Just shaking its finger. He in
quired whether the United States
intended to do something in the
present situation and Mr. Truman
replied that it does not intend to
stand idly by.
In response to another inquiry
o o/siH tViof thn Wimooriari citim
tion is terrible and reiterated that
the State Department is making a
full investigation.
Diplomats Await Clarification.
The President's strong statement
came on the heels of dramatic de
velopments yesterday, which in
cluded refusal of a group of Hun
garian diplomats here, led by
Minister Aladar Szegedy-Maszak, to
recognize the new Communist-dom
inated government in Budapest.
The diplomats awaited clarifica
tion of their status here as the
State Department was reported to
have under consideration further
diplomatic and economic measures
against the Budapest regime, pre
sumably applying to Mr. Truman's
statement that the United States
will not stand idly by in the Hun
garian situation.
The Senate is scheduled to vote
today on ratification of the Hun
garian peace treaty, one of four
concluded for Axis satellite coun
tries.
Mr. Szegedy-Maszak and seven
members of his staff refused to rec
ognize tiie new regime in Budapest,
either bf obeying its orders or by
quitting their posts htre.
The press department of the
Hungarian Legation in Geneva said
today that the Hungarian Minister
to Switzerland, Ferenc Gordon, had
infromed his government that he
would not return to Budapest, as the
government had requested. The
Legation denied reports that Mr.
Gordon had resigned.
May Form Exile Government.
Meanwhile, Stephen Borsody, press
counselor of the Hungarian legation,
who joined the Minister in his de
fiance, raised the prospect of forma
tion of a government in exile, but
he told reporters that it depends
on the attitude of the United States.
The implication was that the United
States might withdraw the recogni
tion it extended to Hungary soon
after the elections of November 4;
1945, which this Government ac
cepted as free and unfettered.
The United States yesterday called
on the Russian occupation com
mander in Hungary, Lt. Gen. V. P.
Sviridov, for a copy of the “informa
tion” he transmitted to the Hun
garian government which led to the
ouster of Mr. Nagy’ as Premier. An
answer to this request was awaited.
In London the Foreign Office said
Britain and the United States had
consulted over recent events in
Hungary. Britain hopes to "be able
x to pursue its present policy of
friendly assistance to the Hungarian
people,” a spokesman said.
By their action yesterday Mr.
Szegedy-Maszak and the seven other
dissident diplomats entered the group
oi voluntary exiles from countries
under Soviet domination, including
the Ministers of Latvia, Lithuania
and Estonia. These Baltic states,
swallowed by Soviet Russia before
American entry’ into World War II,
are still given American diplomatic
recognition and maintain legations
in Washington.
Further Information Awaited.
It is up to the State Department
either to continue to treat Mr.
Szegedv-Maszak as the represent
ative of a legitimate—though out
of-office—Hungarian government, or
to recognize the new pro-Commu
nist regime which he charged was
“formed by force.”
American officials studying the
problem indicated further informa
tion on the exact course of events
in last week's Communist coup
d'etat ousting Premier Nagy is being
awaited before a decision is made.
Mr. Borsody said, however, that
State Department clarification of
the status of the dissident diplomats
was hoped for today.
He said the Minister would ex
plain his position to reporters in a
news conference to be called as soon
as the situation can be clarified,
possibly this afternoon.
Statement Issued.
Mr. Borsody last night gave re
porters a statement, which, he said,
was issued on behalf of Mr. Szegedy
Maszak and the other dissident staff
members, charging that Russia and
her agents in Hungary had "em
barked on a policy aiming at de
(See HUNGARY. Page A-67)
Italian Empire Talks
Postponed in London
By th* Associated Press
LONDON. June 5.—Pour-power
talks on the future of Italian col
onies, scheduled for tomorrow, were
postponed indefinitely today at the
request of the Russian representa
tive. Georgi Zarubin.
Diplomats said Zarubin. Soviet
Ambassador to London, probably
had not received instructions from
Moscow. Ambassador Lewis W.
Douglas is to represent the United
States at the talks.
r.
r -;
New Reconstruction Program
For Europe Urged by Marshall
* Pledges U. S. Opposition to Any Nation
Which Maneuvers to Block Recovery of Others
By the Associated Press
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., June 5.—
Secretary of State Marshal
called on the nations of Europe
today to work out together s
great new program of recon
struction.
He promised American eeonomh
assistance and suDport "so far a;
it may be practical.”
At the same time he pledged the
United States to oppose "any gov
ernment which maneuvers to block
the recovery of other countries.”
Without naming any foreign
country or party Gen. Marshall
declared in the outline of an ad
dress prepared for a meeting of the
Harvard Alumni Association:
"Governments, political parties oi
groups which seek to perpetuate
human misery in order to profit
therefrom politically or otherwise
will encounter the opposition of the
United States.”
Gen. Marshall, Gen. Omar N.
Bradley, veterans’ administrator,
were made doctors of law and 10
other prominent persons were
awarded honorary degrees at Har
vard’s commencement exercises. Ap
proximately 2,250 students received
diplomas.
Gen. Marshall did not specify
how much money the American
Goi mment intends to make avail
able but said Europe must have
’’substantial additional help” dur
ing the next three to four years or
‘‘face economic, social and political
i See MARSHALL, Page A-5.)
U.5., Britain Expected
To Call for 3-Power
Inquiry in Hungary
Request for U. N. Inquiry
Reported Indicated in
Messages to Russians
By th« Associated Press
BUDAPEST, June 5.—An au
thoritative American source said
today that American and British
military representatives here
would send Russian authorities
within two days renewed official
demands for a three-power in
vestigation of the Communist
coup d’etat in Hungary.
The spokesman said British and
American communications to the
Russians today on the matter in
dicated that the two western powers
might ask a United Nations inquiry
into the events which ied to the
resignation of Premier Ferenc Nagy
and the Communist assumption of
complete authority.
The representatives of the west
ern powers asked the Russians for
documents which the Soviet offi
cials say implicated Mr. Nagy ,n
a plot to overthrow the Hungarian
republic.
Requests Previously Rejected.
Twice before, Lt. Gen. V. P. Sviri
dov, Soviet commandant and acting
chairman of the Allied Control Com
mission here, had turned aown Brit
ish and American requests for a
three-power investigation of Hun
garian politics.
The strongest American request
came March 17, when the United
States Government expressed the
opinion that the Communists were
attempting to seize power through
“extra constitutional tactics’’ and
that thus the Communists “threat
ened democracy.”
The same American note pro
tested the Soviet arrest cf Bela
Kovacs, secretary general of the
Smallholders Parly. Russian troops
took Mr. Kovacs from his home the
night of Febraury 25 and placed
him in a Russian military prison on
a charge of espionage. The Ameri
can note said the Russians arrested
Mr. Kovacs as a favor to the Com
munist Party, which had been un
successful in having him arrested
on a charge of plotting against the
republic.
Reds Consolidate Position.
Reliable informants, meanwhile,
said Communist force* were seeking
to consolidate their new hold on
the government by quashing criti
' See BUDAPEST Page-A-6.)
Bulletins
Robertson Hits Homer
CLEVELAND—Sherry Rob
ertson, Nat third baseman,
blasted a home run over the
right field fence in the second
inning today to give Washing
ton a l-to-0 lead over Cleve
land at the end of the visitors*
half of the second inn’ng.
Army Plane Fund Boosted
The House today boosted by
S40,000,000 the Army’s funds
f6r airplane purchases during
the fiscal year beginning July 1.
Armour Is Expected
To Succeed Braden
With Expanded Duties
Due to Take Over Four
Geographical Offices
Handling Political Affairs
By Garnett D. Horner
Norman Armour, one of Amer
ica’s most widely experienced
career diplomats, will be called
out of retirement soon to become
an Assistant Secretary of State
in charge of the State Depart
ment’s four geographical offices
handling political affairs, it was
learned today.
His appointment will carry out a
plan developed by Secretary of
State Marshall to increase efficiency
by unifying direction of political re
lations with all sections of the world
under one assistant secretary.
Mr. Armour technically will be a
replacement for Spruille Braden,
whose resignation as assistant sec
retary for American republic affairs
was announced by the White House
yesterday. K
Messersmith Returning.
He will have responsibility for
European, Par Eastern ahd Near
Eastern affairs, however, as well as
Latin American affairs, which were
Mr. Braden’s exclusive responsi
bility. * '
In connection with the Argentine
situation, President Truman told his
news conference today the mission
of Ambassador George S. Messer
smith has been successfully accom-,
plished because the United States 1s i
now on friendly terms with Argen-;
tina.
He said Mr. Messersmith is re
turning to his country but was not
resigning. He added that Mr. Mes
sersmith went to Argentina with the
specific understanding that he would
return once his mission was com
plete.
His mission to Buenos Aires was
marked by severe clashes with Mr.
Braden. The two men differed
sharply over policy toward Argen
tina.
There has been speculation that.
James C. Bruce, vice president of;
the National Dairy Association, will j
be named as successor to Mr. Mes
sersmith.
Armour Has Broad Experience.
Mr. Armour has broad experience
in Europe, the Far East and Latin
America to qualify him for the new
position. His last assignment was
Ambassador to Spain, from which j
(See ARGENTINA. Page A-6.)
Army Air Forces Disclose
Powerful Jef Engine
By the Associated Press
The Army Air Forces disclosed
yesterday that six years' of secret
work has developed the most power
ful American turbo-jet engine- yet
announced.
This new engine, designated as the
XJ-37, packs more power than a
Diesel electric railroad engine, but
has less than Is of 1 per cent of
the Diesel's weight.
The XJ-37 can be installed in j
either the wing or fuselage, uses;
little fuel, and can be used either;
as a jet engine or as a turbine with i
propeller.
Truman Refuses to Give Hint
On Tax and Labor Bill Action
x-i ecjueut iruman reiusea at nis
news conference today to indicate
his intentions with regard to the
controversial tax reduction and la
bor-control bills.
Asked if he would give “an ad
vance tip” on what he proposed to
do about the measures, the Presi
dent responded with a smiling no—
saying that a decision would await
his analysis.
The President was equally as un
communicative when three Demo-!
cratic members of the House called'
today to urge Mr. Truman to veto!
the labor bill.
“The President listened and made
no comment. He said he was going |
to study the bill verv carefully,”;
Representative Madden of Indiana
told reporters.
He was accompanied by Repre-.
sentatives Lesinski of Michigan and;
Klein of New York.
“ • *
Mr. Lesmski said that they told
the President that the bill would
strip labor of its rights and create
great industrial unrest.
When a reporter asked at the
hews conference when he expected
to act on the $4,000,000,000 tax cut
bill, which reached the White House
yesterday, the President said as i
soon as it comes before him offi
cially.
The labor bill is expected to reach
the President in the next couple of
days. The House approved it yes-i
terday and the Senate is expected!
to pass it today or tomorrow.
It has already been said at the
White House that the President
would not act on the proposed tax
cut before his week-end trip flex
Kansas City, which starts tomorrow.
Mr. Truman will meet with his
cabinet at 3 pjn. today, and it ap
peared likely both bills would be
discussed.
r
Griswold to Head
Mission to Greece;
Allen Relief Chief
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today blunt
ly accused Senator Taft, Repub
lican, of Ohio of advocating a
“defeatist economic philosophy”
for criticizing America’s foreign
aid policy as an instrument for
raising domestic prices.
Mr. Truman made this statement
at a news conference at whi i he
named Dwight Griswold, former Re
publican Governor of Nebraska to
be chief of the United States mis
sion to Greece under the $400,000,000
Greek-Turkish aid bill.
At the same time he appointed
Richard F. Allen, former Red Croi$
executive, to direct a $350,000,000 re
lief program in a half dozen other
countries in Europe and Asia. It is
separate from the Greek-Turkish
program.
Director for Turkey Not Chosen.
The President said no decision has
been reached on a director for
Turkey, which will receive $100,000,
000 of the $400,000,000 program. At
present, Ambassador Edwin C. Wil
son is tentatively slated to handle
this fund. •
The blast against Senator Taft
grew out of the Ohioan's recent
statement that “apparently the
President and the administration
are abandoning talk of keeping
DWIGHT GHISWOLD.
•—AP Photo.
mtmm mm mmmmmmmm
RICHARD F. ALLEN.
-~AP Photo.
prices down in favor of heavy spend
ing abroad that will keep them up.”
In a lengthy statement released
at his first news conference in three
weeks. Mr. Trumart responded tartly
that “the administration did not
advocate the Greek-Turkish aid
program for the purpose of bringing
prices down.
He added:
"It advocated that program for two
important reasons—first, to extend
aid to starving millions and to help
restore their economies so that the
world may regain its prosperity in
the long run; and second, to help
those nations which want to preserve
their freedoms and set up a bulwark
against totalitarian aggression.”
Says Taft Had to Be Answered.
A reporter wanted to know why
the President had picked Senator
Taft to answer when similar crit
icism had come from other sources.
Mr. Truman said Senator Taft
had made a statement that wouldn't
(See FOREIGN, Page A-4.)
U. S. Won't Approve
Nicaragua Regime
The United States is not “dis
posed to enter into official relations” j
with the new regime set up by re
volt in Nicaragua. •
The State Department today is
sued a statement that this was the
Government’s attitude “pending
further developments.” A depart
ment official said this meant con
sultations with the other American
republics.
This Government's position was
given today to Dr. Guillermo Sevilla
Sacasa. Ambassador of the Nica
raguan government which was
overturned on May 25-26.
Dr. Sacasa was received "in his;
private capacity” by Ellis Briggs,
director of the State Department’s:
Office of American Republics Af
fairs.
The department’s brief statement
described the ousting of President
Leonardo Arguella's regime as a
‘seizure of power.” Arguella’s gov
ernment was overthrown by an
irmy-led uprising headed by Gen.
Anastasio Somoza, former Presi
dent, who had left office May 1.
I

No End of Questions About What He's Going to Do
Senate Ratifies Peace Treaty
With Italy by Vote of 7 8 to 10
Voice Vote Approval Is Given Pacts
With Rumania, Bulgaria and Hungary
BULLETIN
, After ratifying the Italian
treaty, the Senate this after
noon gave voice vote approval
to treaties with Romania, Bul
garia and Hungary.
By th« Associated Press
The Senate ratified today the
peace treaty with Italy, first
of agreements with World War II
enemy states to win its approval.
The vote was 78 to 10.
Ratification by the necessary two
third majority came after the cham
ber had rejected, 67 to 28, a proposal
by Senator Fulbright, Democrat, of
Arkansas to delay action on it and
treaties with Hungary, Romania and
Bulgaria until January 25.
Senator McMahon, Democrat, of
Connecticut said during the debate
he is “fearful” that Senate ratifica
tion of the peace treaty with Italy
will lay that country open to Com
munist control and “Hungary’s
fate.”,
Senator MsMahon said, however,
that he would vote for ratification
“as the lesser of two evils.” He told
his colleagues that repudiation of
the treaty might give Russia an
“excuse” to withdraw from United
Nations discussions on atomic
energy control.
As debate neared an end and the
vote approached, Senator Bridges,
Republican, of New Hampshire told
reporters the fight to block approval
of the treaties appeared last. Sen
ator Bridges criticized the Italian
(See TREATIES, Page aXF
Eisler Counsel Loses
Motion for Acquittal;
Defense Opens Case
Thomas Reads Transcript
Of Events at Committee
Hearing February 6
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
Justice Alexander HoltsofT of
District Court today denied a
defense motion for a directed
verdict of acquittal in the case of
Gerhart Eisler. The reputed
ring leader of American Commu
nists is charged with contempt
of Congress.
With the Government's case
against the be-spectacled little Ger
man officially rested, Eisler's law
yers took up his defense shortly
after noon, as Abraham J. Isser
man, chief counsel, began deliver
ing his opening address to the Jury.
Assistant United States Attorney
William Hits said the Government
was finished with presentation of
evidence after Chairman Thomas of
the House Committee on Un-Ameri
can Activities, had read to the jury
of seven women and five men most
of the official transcript of what,
happened when Eisler appeared be
fdre his committee last February 6.
Unable to Recall Details.
Eisler is accused of having refused
to be sworn in at this hearing.
Mr. Thomas, who had been un
able to 'recall many details of the
dramatic appearance of Eisler in
the committee room in his testimony
yesterday, got the chance to refresh
ills iiieiiiui.v iiuiii me uttiiauiipi;
while under cross-examination by
defense counsel this morning.
Mr. Isserman did not like it. But
(See EISLER, Page A-5.)
Thomson Sets
Fast Pace in
Capital Golf
BULLETIN
Jimmy Thomson tied the
competitive course record at
Prince Georges with a 66, six
under par, despite two three
putt greens on the back nine,
for the early lead in today’s j
National Capital Open. George j
Scheiter and Harold Oatman
had 68s, four under.
By Merrell Whittlesey
Jimmy Thomson of Chicopee,
Mass., the acknowledged longest
hitter in golf, was the first of the
name players to tee off today in
the $10,000 National Capital
Open and at the end of 14 holes
the big blond belter was six
under par over the Prince
Georges course.
Thomson played the first nine in
31. five under, and started back
with a birdie on the 10th. He
p&rred the next three and had par
in for a 66 at that point.
Lew Worsham, Washington's
latest sensation in pro golfing ranks,
turned the front nine in 33 strokes,
four under par. ,,
Mean while, Billy Griffin, a slender
amateur from the host club and
(See GOLF, Page A-5.)
I
1,000 Veterans Living
In Trailers Here Cited
In Blast at Excise Tax
Essential Housing Object
Of 7 Pet. 'Luxury' Levy,
House Group Is Told
By George Beveridge '
A thousand veterans, unable to
find permanent homes, are living
in trailers in the Washington,
area, the House Ways and Means
Committee was told today.
Waldron E. Leonard, director of
the District Veterans^ Service Cen
ter. testified the trailers are an
important factor in veterans’ hous
ing here at a committee hearing to
study whether the present 7 per
cent “luxury" excise tax on thfe
trailers is just.
Most of the thousand veterans,
Mr. Leonard said, live at trailer
villages in nearby Maryland and
Virginia. He said more than 00 per
cdht of the 250 occupants of one
camp at Alexandria are former
servicemen, and that all of them
own their own trailers.
Drain on Wartime Savings.
The service center director said
he became concerned about the 7
per cent tax about three months
ago, “when veterans began flocking
16 the center to >see if they could
get priority on purchase of a
uttuu.
Most of them, he said, are saving
GI bill benefits until they can buy
permanent homes. “This tax means
just that much more of the vet
erans’ wartime saving wnll have to
be spent.”
One veteran who recently bought
a trailer with his savings has been
told by Walter Reed Hospital doc
tors that he has only a year to
live because of an incurable dis
ease, Mr. Leonard said.
He pointed to indorsement of the
trailers as living quarters by Fed
(See TRAILERS, Page A-6.)
$250,000 Fire Sweeps
Roland Park School
By the Associated Press
BALTIMORE, June 5.—Firemen
reported that the Roland f*ark
Country School was at least three
quarters destroyed in a five-alarm
fire last«night.
Most Men Questioned on Street
Favor Signing of Labcr Bill
me man on the street appar
ently has not paid much atten
tion to the political writing on
President Truman’s supposed di
lemma over the labor bill.
Nfne of the men interviewed to
lay on downtown streets mentioned
he political effect of a coal strike
!f the President vetoes the bill; ori
he possibility of a Henry Wallace
hird party movement, if he signs it.
For the most part they were for;
enactment of the bill. An exception i
was Jacob Weltzen, who has a tailor
shop at 406M- Twelfth street N.W. He
>ecame excited and waved his arms
>ver the dire possibilities inherent
n approval of the bill.
“It will be like the old days,” he
shouted, “when the bosses gave]
noney to charity the men]
■m {
worked for $6 a week. You remem
ber?”
Quite the opposite was an elderly
man whose initials are J. R. S. (he
would not give his name) who was
admiring a straw hat in a store
window.
"You can’t treat the unions rough
enough to suit me," he said. “They’ve
destroyed our country. There is no
more freedom of thought. They
aught to hang John L. Lewis up by
the heels.”
Further conversation developed
that "J. R. S.” started out as a union
carpenter, but worked 31 years for
the telephone company before re
tiring.
More measured was J. Emory
3mith, New York Life Insurance
teee COMMENT, TJjee £30
Many Released by U.S.
Face Bleak Future as
Aid Measures Lag
\
Older Employes May
Lose Money Paid for
Retirement Benefits •
By Joseph Young
It’s a bleak future that is facing
many Government employes who
came to Washington at the start of
the war effort and who now are
losing their jobs during the current
economy program.
Yet Congress can take action to
help these employes over their finan
cial plight without its costing the
United States Government a single
penny.
Government officials point out
those employes who have more
than five years of service to theii
credit and who now face dismissal
really are up against it.
Unlike workers In private indus
try, they haven’t the cushion of
unemployment compensation bene
fits to. fall back on until they And
work. And, unlike those Federal
workers with less than Ave,years of
service, these employes can’t with
draw their contributions to the Fed
eral Retirement System.
Workers Hope for Quick Action.
With this in mind, these work
ers are hopeful that speedy ac
tion will be taken on either
the Langer-Chavez measure or on
the bill of Representative Jones,
Republican of Washington. Both
bills would provide that dismissed
employes who have been in the
Government for less than 10 years
be permitted to take out their re
tirement money.
me present law provides that only
those employes with less than five
years’ service may" take out their
money upon dismissal. Otherwise
the money remains in the retirement
fund until the employe reaches the
age of 62, when annuity payments
begin.
The legislation is backed by the
Civil Service Commission, various
members of Congress and Govern
ment employes’ union groups.
Thus far, however, the Jones bill
has languished in the House Civil
Service Committee, where it was
sent shortly after its introduction
early in February. .
Unions Point Out Facts.
The bill's supporters point to the
following facts in support of theii
assertion that the legislation “is
urgently needed.”
1. Many of the employes affected
by the bill are young women whc
were recruited by the Government
before the war or shortly after the
start of hostilities to aid in the war
effort. It was on a patriotic basis
that these employes came to Wash
ington, many of them on small
salaries.
2. The high cost of living and th«
fact that Government workers did
not get a pay raise until almost the
end of the war has made It virtually
(See EMPLOYES, Page A-5.)
King's Gift to Miss Moore
Found at Scene of-Crash
By the Associated Press ^
COPENHAGEN, June 5.—A val
Viable trinket presented to the late
Grace Moore- by King Haakon VII
of Norway was found recently neat
the scene of the airplane crash in
which Miss Moore lost her life, Dep
uty Police Commissioner Arthur
Dahl said today.
He said the trinket, which bears
the King's initials, would be sent to
the singer's heirs.
Hoover Testifies
Missouri Probe
Was Restricted
Earlier Order Held
FBI Back; PqlUScale
, Inquiry Now Started
By J. A. O'Leary *
J. Edgar Hoover, director of
the Federal Bureau of InVestiga-*
tion, told a Senate subcommit*
tee today the FBI only made a
preliminary inquiry into alleged
election irregularities In Kansas
City last summer on Instructions
from the Justice Department.
As the Senate group resumed its
probe today, it came to light, how
ever that the Department of Jus
tice, through the FBI, has recently
launched a full-scale investigation
in Kansas City.
The full-scale inquiry was
launched, it was disclosed, after a
Missouri grand jury, in its own
probe after the preliminary FBI
investigation, returned 71 indict
ments in connection with the pri
mary and theft of a number of
ballot boxes was discovered.
Just before the noon recess, Sen
ator Ferguson, Republican, of Mich
igan, chairman of the Senate Judi
ciary subcommittee, told Attorney
General Clark “apparently some
thing has happened since last fall
to make you think there should
be a full investigation.”
“The ballots were stolen, and I
think that was an outrage,” the
Attorney General replied.
May Not Be Federal Offense.
Senator Ferguson suggested the
disappearance of the ballots was not
a Federal offense and wanted to
know if there would have been a
further investigation in the absence
cf that development.
Mr. Clark replied that if the bal
lots would throw any light on
whether Federal law had been vio
lated in the election their disap
pearance would be pertinent.
“Why didn’t you look for (that
last fall when the ballots were fresh
and before they were stolen?” Sen
ator Ferguson pursued.
Mr. Clark reiterated his earlier j
testimony that the Justice Depart- J
ment closed the matter last January }
because he had been informed the !
United States attorney and judges
in Missouri and his own assistants ,
concluded there was insufficient
evidence of Federal violations to
justify a grand jury investigation
or impounding of the ballots.
Ferguson Demands Evidence.
Chairman Ferguson was demand*
ing some written evidence of this :
conclusion by the judges in Kansas
City when the committee recessed
until 2:30.
Mr. Hoover explained that in elec
tion complaints, antitrust, labor and >.
civil rights cases the Attorney Gen
eral’s office reserves the right to !
direct the procedure under long
standing practice.
Senator Ferguson sprang a sur
prise by reading a letter in which
an FBI official in Kansas City,
Dwight Brantley, warned Federal
District Attorney Sam Wear last
year that the FBI report on what i
happened in the Democratic con- |
gressional primary was not a full }
FBI investigation.
The hearings are being held on >
n rocrtlnl ion Kvr Qanainr V am Da- S
publican, of Missouri, seeking to find I
out whether the Attorney General * I
office acted properly in running j
down the election complaints.
Last week’s hearing brought out
that after the preliminary FBI
probe, the Justice Department de
' cided there was not sufficient evi
dence to justify Federal prosecu
tion, which Attorney General Clark
contends would have to be based on
: an alleged conspiracy to deprive
| voters of their civil rights.
(After the Department of Justice \
; decided there was no basis for Fed-'
?eral prosecution a State grand jury
was convened and has returned 71 j
j indictments. The grand jury also |
recommended a complete recount of
the primary in which former Rep
resentative Slaughter was beaten for
the Democratic nomination by Enos
Axtell. Mr. Slaughter had opposed j
some of the administration pro- 1
grams in Congress and President j
Truman backed Mr. Axtell.
Did Not Have Brantley Letter.
(The purge drive against Mr.,
Slaughter in the Democratic pri- \
mary merely resulted, however, in \
the election of the Republican'
nominee. Representative Albert L*J
Reeves, jr„ last November.) ■
Senator Ferguson revealed today j
that, although the subcommittee J
was given a confidential copy last
week of the FBI report, it did not
have attached to it the letter of ■
i Agent Brantley, in which h*
i warned the district attorney it was
(See ^PRIMARY, P^-e A-4.)
President Deplores
Election Frauds
ly th« Associated frail
President Truman declared
today that investigation of the
alleged vote frauds in his Mis
: souri home county should be
parHeH thfrtitarh In tt« IgoHaoI
conclusion.
| No one, the President told a news
conference, wants to condone a vote
fraud, because they are the worst
things that can happen in a de
mocracy.
rHe made his comments when ques
tioned about inquiries now under
way at Kansas City into last sum- •
mer’s congressional primary.
A State court grand jufry has in
dicted 71 persons. After the indict
jments were returned, a safe was
| blown and ballots figuring in the
inquiry were stolen from the elec
tion board offices.
The President said he did not
know whether the qutfter is a case
for the Federal grand jury or not
and that he hadn’t discussed with
Attorney General Clark an inquiry
the Jus+'ce Department is making.
r.

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