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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 12, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast1 Guide for Readers
eloud, «M coo!,,. Shower,aWn. £'E , , M £\ EST^siS SSi’?. “""xlS
Temperatures today—High, 90, at 1:12 p.m.; B ■ . ■ ■ Mr Editorial ..A-M Society, Clubs B-3
low, 76, at 6:16 am. Yesterday—High, 83, J ■ ■ ■ v- Editorial Artlcles.A-15 Sports.—C-l-3
at 3:12 p.m.; low, 74, at 5:22 am. ^ Finance _..A-27 Woman's Page...C-3
Lata S YoH. MoArt., fat. A-2T— V—g__ _ *" mm *«w.
95th YEAR. No. 57,658 Phone NA. 5000. .WASHINGTON, D. C.. THURSDAY, JUNE 12, 1947—FIFTY-SIX PAGES. *****
Hungarian MP
Defies Reds in
r
Blast at Regime
Communists Adjourn
Parliament After
Scathing Attack
By Astocietwi Prett
BUDAPEST, Hungary, June 12.
—A prominent member of Par
liament denounced the new
Communist - controlled govern
ment today and called on the
Smallholders Party to adopt
Communist tactics if it ever
hoped to set up a real democracy
in Hungary.
Freedom Party Leader Deszo Sul
yok made a sarcastic, hour-long de
nunciation of the new regime, set
up after the resignation of Premier
Ferenc Nagy. He said it had made
Hungary a police state.
“The wildest and most objection
able political terror reigns Hun
gary,” he said. “There Is n© free
dom of press, assembly or opinion."
Parliament Adjourned.
Deputy Speaker Istvan Kossa, a
Communist leader and secretary
general of the Trades Union Coun
cil, arbitrarily adjourned Parlia
ment until next Wednesday when
Mr. Sulyok concluded his speech.
The action caused a great uproar
among the anti-Communist mem
bers, who charged that Mr. Kossa
was trying tu axicxiuc twu
^ position members who had sched
F’ifcf'uled speeches.
Earlier, an American informant
said the Russians had denied clear
ance to enter Hungary for Harold
Snyder, an American representative
of the United Nations Educational.
Scientific and Cultural Organiza
tion.
Parliament was in turmoil
throughout Mr. Sulyok's address.
Angry Communists shouted and
jeered. Natyas Rakosi, the deputy
premier and Communist leader who
also is a Russian citizen, went from
desk to desk, whispering with mem
bers of his party.
Midway through the speech, word
got around that the American note
criticizing events leading to the
ouster of Mr. Nagy, had been deliv
ered. Much excitement prevailed.
Hailed as Brave Man.
Many corridor commerrts were
made that Mr. Sulyok was a brave
man to defy the Communists, for
they easily could have him arrested.
Mr. Sulyok. a former member of
the Smallholders' Party, was one of
the first victims in what the Ameri
can note described as a Communist
plan to nullify the result of the No
vember, 1945, elections. Always a
critic of the Communists, Mr. Sul
yok was among the first 18 persons
forced out of the Smallholders’
Party in February, 1946, after re
peated Communist assertions that
he was “a reactionary.”
“Whenever we announce a polit
ical meeting,” Mr. Sulyok declared,
"an unruly mass of 400 to 500 per
sons, amply armed, well paid, and
quite drunk, appears and—according
to prearranged plans—upsets the
meeting and in most cases, even uses
violence against the audience and
the speakers.”
Hp snirt that after one such occur
rence, "five or six people” were ar
rested for fighting back.
“Those 400 or 500 who attacked
us were the defenders of democ
racy," Mf. Sulyok said in his dry,
sarcastic voice.
Resistance Group Interned.
“They were honest people, decent
people. Their acts were praised.
The five or six people who resisted
their blows and even hit back were
declared the enemies of democracy,
a group illegally armed, to be ar
rested on the spot. Although they
had only a stick, they were declared
to be members of the armed SS, and
they were arrested and interned, as
is true in many cases, on the orders
of the Minister of Interior.”
Laszlo Rajk, Minister of the In
terior and a leading Communist,
shouted from his seat: “In many
cases, rightly so.”
“Our men,” Mr. Sulyok went on.
"have been arrested one after the
other. This glorious, democratic
hangman work began with the ar
rest of students at Szeged, who were
demonstrating against (a proposed
law providing) optional religious
education.
“We have become a police state
where the influence of the police
not only weighs heavier and heavier
on' public life but has become intol
erable to the private life of the
individual.”
Alliance Negotiations Reported.
A reliable informant said yesterday ■
that Russia is negotiating a new
peace-time alliance designed to align
the Hungarian and Russian armies i
in the event of war.
This source asserted the Russians!
(See HUNGARY, Page A-6.) |
House Unit Approves
Bill on Loyalty Board
The House Civil Service Commit
tee agreed today to report a bill
which would create an independent
loyalty board to investigate Fed
eral employes on loyalty grounds.
Chairman Rees said the commit
tee voted to report out the bill at
;0 am- tomorrow. It revises pre
vious proposed legislation by mak
ing the board which would pass on
the loyalty of workers independent:
of the Civil Service Commission.
Meanwhile, Senator Langer. Re-;
publican,-of North Dakota intro
duced a joint resolution in the Sen-!
ate which would establish a joint;
congressional committee to investi
gate the loyalty of Federal workers.;
The committee would consist of five
Senate and five House members.
The House committee unani
•r .sly voted to report a bill which
tvou.d permit dismissed Federal
"orders to withdraw their contri-;
b .ons to the Civil Service retire
rr . ■ system if they have less than
If ’ - vr's Qf service. At present, Gov-;
eminent workers with more than
five years’ service canont withdraw,
contributions. I
Babe ZahariasW ins BritishTitle
With 5 -and-4 Victory in Final
Becomes First U. S.
Golfwoman to Take
Overseas Crown
(Other Stories on Page C-l.)
|y th® Associated Press
GULLANE, Scotland, June 12.
—Mrs. Babe Didrikson Zaharias
of Denver became the first Amer
ican ever to win the British
Women’s Amateur golf title to
day by defeating Jacqueline
Gordon of London, 5 and 4, in
the 36-hole final.
’Held even during the morning's
18-hole round while she dressed,
in gray culottes and a yellow
sweater, Mrs. Zaharias switched
to her battle dress of blue cor
duroy slacks at the lunch hour;
and quickly won a five-up advan
tage in the first six holes of the
afternoon. She was out in 36 as
compared to women's par of 37,
blasting an eagle-three on the 20th
hole.
The Denver girl’s triumph fulfilled
the worst fears of the British, who
now do not retain a single one of
; their own golf titles on their side
of the ocean. Only two weeks ago
BABE DIDRIKSON ZAHARIAS.
WiUie Turnesa of New York won
their men’s amateur crown in a
final duel with Dick Chapman of
Pinehurst, N. C.
Sam Snead of Hot Springs, Va„
won the men's British Open crown
a year ago, but will not return to
(See ZAHARIAS, Page A-6.)
Bulgarian Assembly
Expels 23 Members
Of Pefkov's Party
Group Denies Claim by
Legislature That They
Resigned Voluntarily
By th# Associated Press
! SOFIA, Bulgaria, June 12.—The
Bulgarian Grand National As
sembly last night expelled 23
legislators of the Petkov Agra
rian Party, who formed the chief
opposition to the Communist
dominated Fatherland Front
bloc.
The Assembly voted that the 23
had resigned voluntarily, but all 23,
in a final statement to Parliament,
contended that “We do not re
sign.”
Nikola Petkov, now under arrest
on charges of plotting against the
state, is the party's general secre
tary. The Assembly adopted a reso
lution saying the Agrarians, “owing
to voluntary resignation, have lost
prestige and are no longer mem
bers of the Grand National As
sembly.”
Resignations Revealed.
The Assembly voted that the 23
members would be succeeded by an
equal number of opposition repre
sentatives whose names had ap
peared in the election lists of Octo
ber, 1946.
The Assembly was told yesterday
that a government prosecutor’s in-'
V CO U * g. Ci i'iJ . 4. vv»»w I »-» ■ »«vw ,
papers had disclosed that Mr. Pet-i
kov held the written resignations of
the 23 Agrarian members, addressed
to the Assembly. It was not stated
why the documents never reached
the Assembly- The Parliament was
told merely that the resignations
were submitted originally to the
Agrarian Party’s Executive Commit-1
tee and then referred to Mr. Petkov.
A majority of the deputies then
took the stand that the 23 had “ab
dicated their personal rights’’ and
given up their rank as deputies.
In their final pleas, all 23 told
Parliament that all the Agrarian
deputies had deposited such declara
tions with the party executive, add
ing that this was the party's prac
tice and was "our internal party af
fair.”
U. S. Considering Action
Stronger Than Protests
(Texts of Hungarian and Bulgarian
Notes on Page A-4.)
American officials today consid- j
ered what action more effective!
than protests to Moscow might be;
taken by this country to check
Soviet expansionist activities in
Southeastern Europe.
An appeal to the United Nations
over the Communist grab of power
in Hungary, in some manner de
signed to focus the slight on
Russian interference all through
the Balkans, appeared to be the
most likely move.
The foundation for such an ap
<See BALKANS ’’Page~A-4.) |
Bill for Credit Controls
On Peacetime Basis
Is Urged by Truman
To End Present Rules
On Installment Buying
Unless Congress Acts
TRUMAN TURNS TOURIST in visit
to Quebec retreat. Page A-3
By th« Associated Press
President Truman recommend
ed today that Congress pass a
bill permitting continuance of
controls on consumer credit in
peacetime.
Unless Congress does this, Mr.
Truman said hp plans to end the
present regulations, based on war
time legislation. These regulations,
under executive order, fix the size
of down payments and fix the length
of time in which the balance due
must be paid by installments.
These controls affect purchases
of such thirigs as household goods,
refrigerators and automobiles.
Mr. Truman's views were stated
in a letter to Marriner S. Eccles,
chairman of the Federal Reserve
Board, which wields the controls on,
installment-buying credit. Mr. Ec
cles read the letter to the House
Banking Committee.
Eccles Asks Continuation.
Mr. Eccles has asked the commit
tee to pass a measure giving the re
serve board power to continue op
eration of controls in peacetime.
Mr. lruman s letter saia:
“I hope that the Congress will
enact the necessary legislation to.
retain restraints upon excessive ex
pansion which results in excessive
contraction of consumer credit,
thereby making for economic insta
bility, reduced production and un
employment.
“If the Congress does not see fit
to provide the necessary legislative
authority, it is my intention to va
cate the executive order because I
do not believe that such regulations
should rest indefinitely in peacetime
on emergency or war powers after
the Congress has had ample oppor
tunity to consider the subject.”
Mr. Truman said he agreed with;
his Council of Economic Advisers ^
which said “the growth of install-!
ment credit * * * has been expand-1
ing at a disturbirig rate” .even under
present controls.
The council said in a memoran
dum to the President that there
would be a tendency by producers
and distributors to accept lower
down payments and a longer time
for payments if the existing curbs
are lifted.
It added that applying such prac
tices instead of "adjusting prices
to the purchasing power of the cur
rent income” would “postpone rather
than promote the kind of stable
adjustment that our economy
requires.”
Meanwhile, Government analysts
forecast that the volume of credit
for retail buying, already the high
est in history, probably will double
within a few years.
65 Degrees Tonight to Break
Heat Wave After 90 Today
6 am_7b 11 am-oo
7 am_TO Noon _88
8 am_80 1:00p.m.-89
9 a,m...--82 2:00 pm.90
10 am-: 83
Washington experienced only slight
relief today from the oppressive heat
that prostrated six persons yester
day but the Weather Bureau looked
for a night “good for sleeping."
Forecasters believed today's top
temperature would not go beyond
the upper 80s, but at 1 p.m. it had
reached 89, only four degrees below
yesterday’s record-breaking 93.
At 1:30 p.m. the temperature had
climbed to 90.
Tonight will be "decidedly cooler,”
with a minimum of about 65 degrees,
the weatherman promised. Tomor
row will be mostly cloudy and cooler
with showers at night,
While the Washington area looked
forward to relief from the heat, the
Nation had a diversified weather
diet, ranging from snow in the
Rockies and rain in the flooded
Midwest to unseasonable heat else
where in the East.
The latest spring snow in the
75-year history of the Denver
Weather Bureau was reported there.
Lander, Wvo.. had 6 inches of
snow and Cheyenne. Wyo., 5. with
temperatures dropping to around
30 degrees.
The Weather Bureau in Chicago
forecast continuing ram for much
of the Midwest which will add a
new burden to the already flooded,
rivers.
In addition to Washington, heat
records were set yesterday in some
■Eiiiijituii pumi/O, avviujuiug w rvoov
ciated Press reports. Richmond,
Va„ had a high of 97 degrees and
New York 95. The deep South
also reported warm and humid
weather.
Meanwhile, an increase was re
porrted in the seasonal gravitation
to District parks, swimming pools,
: soft drink fountains and air-cooled
theaters as Washingtonians sought
1 relief.
Five swimming pools operated by
Government Services. Inc., went on
a late-hour schedule today as at
tendance picked up. Takoma Pool,
Fourth and Van Buren streets N.W.,
and East Potomac Park Pool will
remain open until 9:30 pm. each
day.
Anacostia Park Pool and Banne
ker Pool, Howard place and Geor
gia avenue N.W., w-ill remain open
until twilight. McKinley Pool, Lin
coln road and R street N.E., will
operate from 1 to 5:30 pm. and
from 6 pm. to dusk. All pools open
at 1 D.m. each day. The Francis
Pool. Twenty-sixth and N streets
N.W., will open June 21.
Three persons overcome by heat
here yesterday were treated at Cas
ualty Hospital. They were James
Caldweli. 28, colored, of 1613 Meigs
place N.E.: Daniel Bibb, 42, of 1304
R street N.W.. and Benjamin Ware,
45, of 617 Half street S.W.
Rufus R. Henderson, 68, of 1728
P street N.W., was treated at Gall-!
inger Hospital. James Mallicott,
38. colored, of Baltimore, was ad
mitted to Suburban Hospital, Be
thesda. and Robert Ware, 68, 4700
block Lee highway, Arlington, to
Arlington County Hospital.
Final Decision
Bars Holfzoff in
Trial of Barsky
Jurist Withdraws
From Second Eisler
Fraud Hearing
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
The United States Court of
Appeals today refused to recon
sider its decision disqualifying
District Court Justice Alexander
Holtzofl from presiding over the
contempt-of-Congress trial of
the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee
Committee.
At the same time, Justice Holtzofl
announced he was withdrawing him
self provisionally from the second
trial of Gerhart Eisler, reputed boss
of American Communists, scheduled
to appear before him next week on
charges of passport fraud.
Defendants in both cases had
charged the jurist with being per
sonally prejudiced against them.
Deliberated in Secret.
Less than two hours after the Gov
ernment petitioned the appeals court
for a rehearing at which Justice
Holtzofl could deny bias against Dr.
Edward K. Barsky and 16 other de
ienaants in me case or me Anti
Fascist Committee, the petition was
denied by the appellate judges.
They had reached their decision
yesterday that Justice Holtzoff, who
had refused to disqualify himself,
should “proceed no further” with
the case. Today’s decision, making
this verdict final so far as the Court
of Appeals is concerned, was reached
behind closed doors.
With regard to the case of Eisler,
who was convicted Tuesday in Jus
tice Holtzoff’s court on contempt of
Congress charges, the District Court
jurist delivered himself of a scorch
ing, three-page memorandum. He
showed plainly his resentment of
charges he is biased because he
served during the war with the Jus
tice Department as legal adviser
to the FBI.
Assails Eisler’s Counsel.
Slapping angrily at Eisler's coun
sel, Abraham J. Isserman of New
York, Justice Holtzoff said he was
deciding to step out at the request
of the defense because “I do not
feel that the ineptitude and dis
courtesy of counsel should w'ork to
the disadvantage of the defendant.”
Justice Holtzoff said Eisler’s affi
davit of prejudice against him was
based on false facts, and had been
filed "to obtain a delay of the trial
beyond the summer recess.”
But he added:
"In the case of any defendant
against whom there are two pend
ing indictments, and who has been
convicted before me on one of them,
I should as a matter of fairness
consider favorably any informal re
quest courteously made by counsel
that the second case be tried before
another judge. I would be inclined
to grant such a request. * * *” (
Justice Holtzoff said: "No such
request has been made by trial
counsel in this case in the courteous
manner generally practiced by
members of this bar.”
Eisler’s attorneys, he observed,
were "from out of town.”
Defendants Arraigned.
Justice Holtzoff .ended by asking
Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws to
UUU1QU UHUVUV4 UlUl'l iVl/ VUU1 V JUU§V
to the case “if one is available and if
this can be done without detriment
to the balance of the criminal
docket.’’
Meanwhile, defendants in the
Barsky case were arraigned at 11
a m. before Justice Laws, who order
ed them to reappear before him at
10 a m. tomorrow, at which time a
judge is expected to be assigned to
hear the case.
Defense Counsel O. John Rogge
sought a stay until Monday, but
the request was denied.
The prosecution’s unsuccessful at
tempt to have yesterday’s ruling re
versed was a hurried affair.
In the shadow of the 10 a.m.
deadline, United States Attorney j
George Morris Fay raced around
the block from his office to the
Court of Appeals to file the Gov
ernment's petition.
The decision to file it was reached
after Justice Holtzoff, Mr. Fay,
(See ANTI-FASCIST, Page A-4.)
Red Attack on Swedes
In Austria Reported
ly the Associated Press
VIENNA, June 12.—A high Aus
trian government official reported
today that Russian troops had fired
on a Swedish Relief Agency party
last night, killing an automobile
driver and wounding Torsten Ar
naus, chief of the Swedish mission
to Austria.
The Swedish legation later said!
it had no official confirmation of the!
report, but that the charge d'af
faires had left for the scene of the
supposed shooting and that it ex-1
pected to announce his findings this i
afternoon.
No comment was available from
Russian sources.
The Austrian informant said the
dead man was named Carlsen and
added that he might have been Mr.
Amaus’ deputy as well as his driver,
but of this he was uncertain.
Also in the car, the Austrian said,
were Mr. Amaus’ wife* and their
child.
The shooting was reported to have
taken place at Berg, about 35 miles
east of Vienna near the Czecho
slovakian border. A large Russian 1
ammunition dump reportedly is lo
cated near Berg, and the Austrian;
informant said the Russians who
did the shooting apparently were
guards stationed at the dump.
STOCKHOLM, June 12 UP).—'The
Swedish Foreign Office said today
it had been advised by the Swedish j
Charge d’Affaires in Vienna that a
ear belonging to the Swedish relief
mission in Austria had been fired
on by Russian soldiers early last
tvening.
An investigation has been started
by the Foreign Office.
May-Garsson Defense
Can Summon Mead as
Witness, Court Rules
Testimony to Be Limited
To Charge of Withholding
Evidence in Senate Probe
By Robert K. Walsh
Justice Henry A. Schweinhaut
granted a defense request in
District Court today that former
Senator James M. Mead of New
York be called as a witness in
the war fraud conspiracy trial of
former Representative Andrew J.
May and Henry and Murray
Garsson.
The court ruled, however, that Mr.
Mead, who was chairman of the
Senate War Investigating Commit
tee, cannot be questioned about
‘political motives” which the de
fense counsel attributed to him in
conducting the Senate committee
investigation that ultimately led to
the indictment of the munition
making Garsson brothers and May.
May, at that time, was chairman
of the House Military Affairs Com
mittee. They are accused of con
spiracy to defraud the United
States.
Defense counsel announced it
would subpoena Mr. Mead immedi
ately. The former Senator can be
questioned, however, only in connec
tion with defense counsel com
plaints that he withheld from the
Department of Justice, as well as
from May and the Garssons a part
or the evidence and private papers
obtained by the Senate committee.
Defense Asks for Subpoenas.
The Garssons and May are
charged specifically with payment
and acceptance of bribes totaling
more than $53,000 in return for
favors allegedly done for the $78,
)00,000 Garsson munitions combine j
by the former Kentucky Repre
sentative.
Charles J. Margiotti, chief of the
Garssons’ defense, asked Justice
Schweinhaut today for permission
to subpoena Mr. Mead and 30 Army
ifficials and ohter prospective wit
nesses. He said he intended to have
the 20 persons ‘'corroborate” testi
mony by May and Henry Garsson
that their wartime relationship was
“motivated” only by a desire to pro
mote the war effort and because of
“unfair treatment” of Garsson com
panies by the War Department.
Justice Schweinhaut refused to
allow bir. Margiotti to call these
witnesses. He permitted him, how
ever, to put into the trial record the
list of 20 names as well as an out
line of testimony that Mr. Margiotti
said would have been given by each
witness.
Presents Plan for Testimony.
Justice Schweinhaut held that the
inclusion of this material in the
record was sufficient to protect the
rights of the defendants, but that
the actual appearance of the persons
on the stand should not be allowed.
Mr. Margiotti made a separate
motion concerning Mr. Mead. At
a prolonged conference at the bench,
he presented a statement of what
the defense proposed to show if
(See GARSSON, Page A-*.)
House Probe of Reds
In Unions to Start Soon
i
By the Associated Press
The House Committee on UN
American Activities decided today
:o start hearings June 23 on what
Chairman Thomas discribed as “In
filtration of Communists into the
.abor unions.”
Witnesses, Mr. Thomas announced,
will be members of the CIO Elec
:rical Workers Union from Bridge
port, Conn.; Schenectady, N. Y., and
Mew York City.
Mr. Thomas also announced that
he committee unanimously ap
proved a report on the Southern
Conference for Human Welfare
which will be released to newspapers
or publication Sunday.
Mr. Thomas had said earlier the
;ommittee will have “several ob
servers” present when Henry A.i
Wallace speaks at the Water Gate
Monday under sponsorship of the
Southern Conference.
The committee in 1944 listed the
jrganization as a Communist front.
Mr. Thomas said the forthcoming
■eport lists Mr. Wallace as an “ad
'isory associate of the conference.”
Both the conference and Mr. Wal
ace have denied Communist ties or;
empathies.
A Golden Opportunity to Help
Children's Hospital Campaign
The few dollars eacn eiectnc
power consumer is entitled to
get in Itfie coming rate-reduction
refunds can be turned into many
bricks for Children’s Hospital
under a plan announced today.
The hospital’s building cam
paign is short of its original goal
by some $80,000, and a larger
sum is needed now because of
the rise in construction costs.
This is how you can help under
a plan worked out by the hos
pital’s Campaign Committee, The
Evening Star and the Potomac
Electric Power Co.;
Customers who are entitled to
refunds as a result of the Public
Utilities Commission order re
ducing rates may clip out the
coupon appearing herewith, au
thorizing the power company to
pay over their refunds to the
hospital, sign it and then send
it to the power company or
Room 724, The Star Building.
As the coupons are received,
the company will mail a post
cajrd acknowledging receipt.
Then, when the time for making
out the bill and applying the re
bate arrives, the amount due the
consumer will be determined,
the figure written on the coupon
and that amount earmarked for
the hospital.
At the conclusion of the billing
period the total amount due the
hospital will be determined and
me coupons lugeuiei wu.ii a
check will be sent to the hos
pital. Hospital authorities will
send out cards to each donor
thanking the donor for the gift
and specifying the amount given
to the hospital.
The maximum refund to be
paid to any individual will be
$3.60, representing 10 cents a
month discount over the three
year period. In the case of small
business firms the maximum
will be $7.20.
The rebate itself will not be in
cash. Instead, the consumer will
receive a bill on which will be
noted the amount which may be
deducted from the bill as the re
sult of the refund.
The campaign to aid the hos
pital was first suggested to The
Star by Rear Admiral C. R. Train,
U. S. N„ retired, chairman of the
Hospital Campaign Committee,
shortly after the Utilities Com
mission issued its order fpr the
rebate.
The proposal was first dis
cussed with James H. Flanigan,
chairman of the Public Utilities
Commission to determine wheth
er there could be any official
objection. Mr. Flanigan ex
pressed his interest in the idea
and gave it his personal ap
proval. The matter was then
taken up with the power com
pany and obtained the warm
I support oi Aurea u. presi
dent, about three weeks ago.
The plan promises nearly 100
per cent yield to the hospital, as
the only expense involved on the
part of the hospital will be the
cost of mailing out the card of
; thanks.
Grocers Replenish
Sugar Supplies Here
As Rationing Ends
Early Sales Are Light;
Substantial Stocks on
Hand, Dealers Report
Washington grocers, antici
pating the appearance of sugar
hungry housewives, replenished
their supplies today as the Gov
ernment ended rationing of the
commodity for use in homes, res
taurants and hotels.
They did such a good job, In fact,
that the stocks In two warehouses
of a principal sugar distributor here
I were depleted by 6 a.m. today—only
I six hours after rationing of the
| commodity was ended.
But most retail dealers reported
| good stocks of sugar and said early
sales today were light.
A spokesman for a large chain
said District buyers will have no
trouble at all getting all the sugar
they want. Sales, he said, have
been held back by rationing, and
his chain has a substantial back
lrvcr
Temporary Shortage Possible.
An official of the distributing firm,
[however, warned that if immediate
sales are too high, grocers might
face a temporary shortage.
Refineries, he explained, still are
geared to rationing production and
won’t be able immediately to swing
into higher output. Transporta
tion difficulties also could hold up
delivery to the District, he added,
pointing out that most sugar is
brought here from Baltimore by
truck.
“We especially can look for trou
ble if housewives decide to do much
canning," he declared. “Canning
should increase tremendously now
that sugar is back.”
For a few weeks, housewives also
will have to be content with 5
pound and 10-pound bags of sugar,
he said. Best seller before the war
was the 2-pound package.
Price Controls Remain.
After five years in which ration
stamps meant more than money—
when it came to meat, canned goods,
shoes, tires, gasoline and a host of
other things—individual Americans
are free of coupon worries for the
first time sinpe April 28, 1942.
The last ration book can be
thrown away.
However, sugar price controls re
main. So does rationing of indus
(See SUGAR, Page A-4.)
■ 1 ■ ....
Potomac Electric Power Company
929 E Street N.W.
Washington 4, D. C.
The undersigned customer
requests the Potomac Electric
Power Company to pay to The
Children’s Hospital, Washing
ton, D. C., the amount of re
funds to which he may be
entitled for the period from
March 1, 1944, through Feb
ruary 28, 1947, as a result of
orders issued by the Public
Utilities Commission of the
District of Columbia with re
spect to charges for electric
service for that period. “
— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —— — — — — — — — — — — —— —
Print—Name of Customer (Signature of Customer)
Print—Address of Customer (Date)
THIS AUTHORIZATION MUST BE MAILED
BT WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25, 1947.
Spending of D.C.
Funds Probed
By House Group
Horan Offers Bill
Calling for 2 Pet.
Tax on Sales ^
A complete inquiry into the '
system under which District
funds are being spent was an
nounced today by the House gpb
committee writing the 1948 city "
supply bill.
Representative Horan, Republican,
of Washington, chairman of the
District Subcommittee of the House
Appropriations Committee, said the
study is being made as an outgrowth
of the committee's inquiry into ex
penditure of welfare money.
Meantime, Mr. Horan introduced
in the House a sales tax for the
District calling for a 2 per cent levy
“across the board."
Senate to Get Similar Bill.
This bilhjie said, is identical with
the amendment he attempted un
successfully to insert into the Dis
trict omnibus bill which has passed
the House and is now before a Sen
ate District Fiscal Subcommittee.
Mr. Horan said Senator Dworshak,
Republican, of Idaho had promised
to introduce a similar bill in tha
Senate.
xiic tippi upx ittiiuiia auuvuuumn-cc,
Chairman Horan emphasized, will
look into the disbursing practices of
the whole District government in
the new study. It may result into a
check of the audit and budget con
trol of District funds.
This announcement was made by
Mr. Horan after a morning session
of the committee attended by the
three District Commissioners, the
District budget officer and repre
sentatives of the Welfare Board.
Welfare Data Studied.
The Horan Subcommittee has
taken many pages of testimony re
garding the full welfare load being
borne by District taxpayers, adding
the work of various private agencies
to District and Federal welfare and
relief outlays, the costs of Unem
ployment Compensation and the
“unemployed” lodged in District
penal institutions.
Asked what guide such figures
gave as to the size of the pending
welfare budget, he said this ques
tion would be examined during the
analysis of the welfare budget re
quests at today’s session.
Discussions with private welfare
ieaders, he said, has convinced him
there is a need for establishing a
city-wide advisory council on public
assistance that would have more
freedom than that of the Council
of Social Agencies.
Receiving Home Work Approved.
Chairman Horan yesterday au
thorized District officials to proceed
with the construction of the long
projected hew Receiving Home for
Children.
Mrs. Horan, after discussing the
question during the previous 24
hours, announced last night he had
withdrawn his request that ground
breaking for the new home be de
layed.
A f flref Via VyoH einAcHnnArl nrhAiVi
! er the new $335,000 building project
, was essential, if nondelinquent Dis
| trict wards could be housed in fos
ter homes. Yesterday, he modified
his objections, suggesting some re
vision of plans to cut down the size
of the new home; but by last night
he had withdrawn his objections,
although he is not entirely satis
fied the project is required.
Gets Reaction of Others.
Seeking to save District funds and
to bring about an improvement in
the welfare setup, he had suggested
an expansion of the foster home
care service to replace the need for
the new home. He asked for
the reaction of spokesmen for
public and private groups and said
withdrawal of his objections was
based on their arguments it would
be well to proceed with the plans
now in hand.
“The cost of provision of the new
Receiving Home seems to me to be
rather huge.” he said, “but maybe
j it is unavoidable. I still think it
might be possible to avoid this, but
the groups I have consulted recom
mend that the project be earned
through. I have given my sanction
to that.”
He has indicated, however, he will
recommend larger appropriations
for the foster home care program,
to permit more of the District’s
child wards to be given feeter care
instead of being placed in the
Receiving Home.
44-Hour Week Urged.
At the conclusion of yesterday
afternoon's executive hearings, Mr.
Horan renewed his earlier proposal
that the 40-hour work week, at
least for some District divisions,
be increased to 44 hours.
"I think we neeo some corrective
legislation,” he said. >
The 40-hour week, he commented
was adopted with the thought it
would help in spreading employ
ment. Yet it is a known fact, h>
added, that there are “plenty” cf
Government workers who are hoi J
mg outside jobs as well as their
government posts. It is made pos
sible, he said, by the 40-hour week.
MacArthur at Tokyo Fete
TOKYO, June 12 (JP).—Gen. Mac
Arthur made one of his infrequent
social appearances today when he
attended a reception at the British
Embassy honoring the birthday of
King George VI.
Churchill's Condition Good
LONDON, June 12 (JP). — Winston
Churchill's doctor reported today
that the 72-year-old former Prime
Minister, who underwent a hernia
operation yesterday, “had a good
night and his general condition i»
quite satisfactory."
Major League Gc^nes
AMERICAN LEAGUE,
(None Scheduled)
NATIONAL LEAGUE
Chicago at Pittsburgh —Night X
St. Louis at Cincinnati—Night.
(Only Gamas Scheduled)

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