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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 13, 1947, Image 1

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WeOther Forecast
Cloudy this'morning, sunny this aftemon; S
high about 82. Low tonight near 68. Warm, M
humid tomorrow, showers in afternoon. M ■ 11
Temperatures today—High, 81, at 12:01 a.m.; j ■
low, 70, at 8:32 a.m. Yesterday—High, 92, J
at 3:48 p.m.; low, 76, at 6:10 a.m. ^
A - •
_Late New York Markets, Pc
95th 1SEAR. No. 57,659
5,100 More in 5 U. S. Agencies
Here Face Firing as House Group
Slashes Funds for 33 Bureaus
*_—.— . - ♦ __
Tendency to Lay Off
Lower-Paid Groups
Assailed in Report
By Joseph Young
The House Appropriations
Committee today recommended
elimination of approximately
40.00(T Government jobs, abotit
5,100 of them in Washington, as
it reported out the 1948 inde
pendent offices appropriations
bill.
In approving the measure the
committee criticized what it charged
was the tendency of Federal agen
cies 40 concentrate their dismissals
among lower-salaried employes. The
committee asked the Budget Bureau
and the Civil Service Commission
to order Government departments
to step up the dismissals and
downgradings among high-salaried
personnel.
Here are the number of agency
dismissals that would occur here
under the committee’s bill:
War Assets Administration, 2.400:
Veterans' Administration, 1,000:
Maritime Commission, 500; Civil
Service Commission. 100. and Public
Buildings Administration, 1,100.
Biggest Over-all Cut for WAA.
WAA was given the biggest over
all cut under the committee's bill.
It will lose 30.000 employes during
t.ha coming year if the committees
recommendations are approved.
WAA was sharply criticized by the
committee as being overstaffed. In
cutting the agency’s budget request
the committee acted on the recom
mendations of its investigators, who
carefully scrutinized WAA's opera
tions. ,!
A total of about 5,000 Veterans j
Administration employes would losej
their jobs under the committee bill.
The bill calls for the dismissal ofl
10,000 workers, but VA earlier this j
week anticipated some of the dis-j
missals and issued notices to 5,000
of its employes. Thus VA now has
to fire 5,000 employes.
The 1,000 VA employes slated for
dismissal in Washington are in addi
tion to the 400 employes here who
were handed dismissal notices earlier j
in the week.
Personnel Practices Criticized.
The committee sharply criticized
the personnel practices of the
Maritime Commission as it elim
inated an estimated 3,500 jobs in
the agency.
The committee criticized the
astounding records as to the upgrad- j
ing of Maritime personnel. It
ordered an immediate downward
revision of salaries in the agency.!
The committee’s bill wipes out
Maritime’s Office of the Historian
and the Public Information Division.
Another agency which had its
budget estimates reduced sharply 1
was the Federal Works Agency. :
« . - Diihlif* Rllild- .
iviuau autvvx.v* - _ . ,
ings Administration staff in Wash
ington whose salary items werf cut
more than 30 per cent. . . , '
The Civil Service Commissions
salary estimates were cut by 5
per cent. ,
Other independent agencies fared
rather well in salary items, even)
though some of them didn't getj
the increased budget items for 1948 j
that they sought.
Agencies Escaping Slashes.
Those agencies getting all they
asked for—and this means there
will be nc personnel reductions—in
cluded the White. House office staff,
the General Accounting Office, the
United States Tax Court and the
National Capital Housing Authority.!
The National Advisory Defense
Council got practically everything
it asked for'and there would be no
dismissals in this agency.
Those agencies that had their
1948 budget requests cut, but whose
1948 salary appropriations are as
much more as their 1947 grants, in
clude the Federal Communications
Commission, the Federal Power
Commission, the Federal Trade
Commission, the National Archives,
the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion. the Security and Exchange
Commission, the Smithsonian Insti
tute and the Tariff Commission.
In all probability, there will be
little or no personnel reductions in
the above agencies.
The Budget Bureau took a slight
cut in salary items and it may be
necessary to dismiss a handful of
employes, perhaps 10.
'T'l. . »r 1 < rloirAve Cmmitfoo
for Aeronautics received a $5,950,000
increase in salary items to hire more
employes.
The independent, offices bill was
the last of the major appropriations
measures that will be reported by
the committee this year.
Curley, Seriously III,
Is Taken to Hospital
By the Associated Pres*
SC ITU ATE, Mass., June 13.— i
Mayor James M. Curley of Boston
was taken to Cohasset Hospital to
day. reportedly in a serious condi-;
tion, as his attorneys prepared a j
last-ditch fight to save him from a
6-to-18-month jail sentence for
mail fraud.
Dr. Edward Shott said the 72- '
year-old Mayor was “a very sick
man.” suffering from hypertension
caused by arterio-sclercsis.
Meanwhile. Mayor Curley's attor
neys in Washington prepared to file (
a new appeal with the Supreme
Court to review his conviction for
mail fraud. He is at liberty on ,
$2,500 bond. (
Deadline for the appeal—the last
legal recourse—is 3 p.m. today.
Mayor Curley's secretary, Frank
Howland, said the Mayor's condi
tion was “serious” and that his
blood pressure was above 200.
With a new appeal to the Su
preme Court, Mayor Curley's attor- !
reys hope to stay his sentence until j
at least fall. The court is expected;
to end its present session and re
cess within a week for the summer, i
Senators Add
$54,116,840
To Interior Bill
By J. A. O'Leary
The Senate Appropriations
Committee today restored some
of the cuts made by the House in
the Interior Department appro
priation bill for the new fiscal
year, but still held its 27 per cent
under President Truman’s
budget.
As reported unanimously to the
Senate, the bill totals $215,530,353, i
net increase of $54,116,840. The bull
of the restored money is for recla
mation projects in the Western
States.
When the House pased the bill in
April, it was 45 per cent below the
budget.
Senator Wherry. Republican, ol
Nebraska, told reporters, however
that later information given the
Senate committee showed the un
spent balances from last year for
~ {See INTERIOR. Page A-6.)
Dick Metz Shoots 70
For 139 in Open to
Tie Tourney Record
Bobby Locke Has Trouble
With Putter and Finishes
First Nine 1 Over Par
BULLETIN
ST. LOUIS UP).—Dick Metz
shot a one under par 70 today
in the second round of the Na
tional Open golf tournament i
for a 36-hole total of 139, tying
a tournament record set by
Chick. Evans, jr., in 1916. Bob
by Locke, whose putter usually
is his most reliable club, had
trouble on the greens on the
outgoing and finished with a
one over par 36. Paul Runyan
and Billy Burke both had
par 35s.
By the Associated Press
ST. LOUIS, June 13.—The first
three nine-hole scores posted in
the second round of the National
3pen golf tournament today ran
higher than those for the same
jlayers for the first round.
The second test at the St. Louis
Country Club will trim an original
loir! mnvn +V»on tr. fifi f+V10 '
16-hole concluding play tomorrow.
Rod Munday, the Springfield (Mo.)
)oy who is pro at a club in Sylvania,
Ohio, had 40 going out, 3 over his
irst nine yesterday.
Max Evans of Utica, Mich., who
lad 38 for his initial nine, went
jut in 40, while the third member
)f the threesome. Amateur John
Frey of Canton, Ohio, shot a 40, five
strokes over his initial nine.
An early morning sun gave way to
:louds before noon and there was a
threat of rain.
Three players shared the leader
ship with 4-under-par 67s after the
Srst. 18 holes yesterday.
Two Texas products. Harry Todd
)f Dallas and Henry Ransom of
Houston, now at Chicago’s North
noor Club, and Chick Harbert of
'Jorthville, Mich., were the pace-set
;ing trio.
A stroke behind them was Bobby
Locke, whose South African na
;ional flag was run up on the club
house pole yesterday as he tackeit
;ogether 33—35 to finish a stroke off
;he pace.
A stroke behind Locke were four
challengers, topped by the front
running amateur Marvin (Bud)
Ward of Spokane, Wash.
Other 69 shooters were Leland
Gibson of Kansas City, Dick Metz,
pro from Kansas City, Kans., and
Otto Greiner, Baltimore, who topped
the National Open qualifiers.
Three strokes from the top were
five 70 shooters, including Ben
Urvnrow loornoH tVoof TYIlf fill CT
will be the big problem in the classic
which he had never won.
Jimmy Demaret, leading Ameri
can money winner, had a 35—41—76
and Lloyd Mangruni. defending
champion, shot a 77. whcih was 10
strokes off the pace, with bleak hope
of repeating his plav-ofl win over
Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi at
Cleveland last year.
Italian Socialist Leader
to Fly to U. S. for Visit
By the Associated Press
HOME, June 13.—Giuseppe Sara
;at, Italian moderate Socialist
eader, is leaving by plane Saturday
'or a short visit to the United
States.
He said today that if he had the
spportunity he would urge Italy's
rconomic and social problems—par
;icularly what he called the neces
iity of increased Italian emigration
—on American political leaders.
Mr. Saragat will be the guest of
David Dubinsky and the Interna
,ional Ladies' Garment Workers
Jnion and will speak at a labor
:ongress in Cleveland.
He will be accompanied by Matteo
Vfatteotti. 25-year-old Socialist son
)f Giacomo Matteotti. whose mur
ler by the Fascists in 1924 became
t world sensation. Young Matteotti,
ike his father, is a Socialist deputy
n the Italian Assembly. He was
drs. Saragat’s collaborator in lead
ng an anti-Communist bolt from
he Socialist Party last January and
s prominent among the “Saragat
socialists’’ who oppose fusion with
he Communists.
Mr. Saragat said he hoped to visit
rVashington during his 20 days to
me month in the United States.
Total of 8V2 Billion,
3.9% Below Truman
Estimates, Asked
By the Associated Press
The House Appropriations
'committee trimmed $130,884,
1220 from Veterans’ Administra
tion funds today in approving
an $8,498,409,759 bill to finance
33 independent Government
! agencies next year.
The total cut in the independent
j offices will amount to $330,540,732
or 3.9 per cent below the amount
President Truman asked. This
, brought to approximately $3,580,
j 000,000 the claimed savings of House
Republicans in their drive to choj
$6,000,000,000 from Mr. Truman's
1948 budget of $37,500,000,000.
The Veteran's Administration
i however, was pared only 1.8 pei
cent in getting $6,944,457,080 for its
work during the 12 months begin
ning July 1.
j Bucket Bureau Funds Cut.
Among major recipients covered
j by the bill are the office of the
j President, not cut at all; the Atomic
Energy Commission, reduced 30 per
item, me oivii oervice uommission,
j cpt iess than 1 per cent; the Fed
1 eral Communications Commission,
j trimmed 17 per cent; the Federal
[Power Commission, cut 12 per cent;
j the Federal Trade Commission, re
| duced almost one third; the Federal
Works Agency, cut 12 per cent, and
[the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion. trimmed 10 per cent.
Even the President's own Budget
Bureau was cut, receiving $93,392
| less than the $3,470,000 it had asked.
The Maratime Commission drew a
stern rebuke from the committee
for its accounting and general ad
ministrative practices.
These are the major offices
financed by the bill, and the effect
the measure will have on them if
the House and Senate uphold the
committee’s recommendations:
Atomic Energy Commission: Cut
from $250,000,000 to $175,000,000, but
given the full $259,000,000 contract
authorization it requested. The
committee said additional funds
could be provided early next year
if shown necessary. Of the total
approved $25,000,000 was earmarked
for research in cancer control.
VA Given $6,944,457,080.
Veterans Administration: Given
$6,944,457,080 of the $7,075,341,300 it
had requested. The amount granted
was $1,380,052,335 less than the VA
has this year.
The committee said its cut would
not impair veterans’ benefits or re
quire the reduction of “even one
penny in financial assistance" to
eligible veterans and their depend
ants.
But it said there are “disturbing
weaknesses” in the VA setup and
an apparent lack of “proper central
control of personnel” and supplies.
Construction costs were called “out
of linp.” and t.hp rnmmitt.pp ran
tioned that VA must be put on a
more efficient basis to avert another
economy act such as slashed vet
erans’ benefits in 1933.
The committee lopped $50,000,000
off the Army and Navy pension
fund, saying the budget request for
this item was overestimated. It
granted the full $3,719,860,000 for
GI bill benefits, and approved funds
for construction of 15 new veterans’
hospitals.
5759,000 Civil Service Cut.
Civil Service Commission: Cut
$759,000 from the $260,063,000 it re
quested, with the explanation that
the number of Federal employes is
expected to drop from 2,100,000 on
June 30 of this year to 1,500.000 a
year later.
Federal Communications Com
mission: Given $1,260,000 less than
the $7,300,000 it sought and denied
$375,000 for a special telegraph in
vestigation.
Federal Works Agency: Given
$332,375,727 of the $378,260,059 it
asked. The committee cut $5,000,000
from the grade-crossing program
and $31,288,854 from the Federal-aid
postwar highway program.
National Advisory Committee for
Aeronautics: Given all but $390,000
of the $43,839,000 it asked, including
funds for developing guided missiles
and planes of unprecedented speed
to keep the United States on top in
aviation.
Philippine War Damage Commis
sion: Budget cut from $90,000,000 to
$70,000,000 for paying war damage
claims in the Philippines.
Maritime Commission: Allowed
(See AP PRO PRIA TTO N S 7 Page~A-6 >
m mmm •
By tne Associated Pres*
ST, LOUIS, June 13.—Virtually
everything on wheels that would
run was pressed into service today
as thousands of St. Louis residents
sought a way to get to their jobs
after an early morning strike of
streetcar and bus operators tied up
public transportation in the St,
Louis area of more than 1.000,000
population.
Family automobiles and all avail
able taxicabs jammed main thor
oughfares, snarling traffic at most
of the principal intersections. Hard
ly a vehicle reached its destination
without picking up a maximum
load and many had passengers on
running boards.
Industrial absenteeism ran high
during the first hours of the strike
which became 100 per cent effective
with such suddenness that most in
dividuals and firms were totally
unprepared.
No attempt was made by the St.
Louis Public Service Co. to man
Truman to Send
Tax Message to
Capitol Monday
President Due Back
Tonight From 3-Day
Visit to Canada
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
ABOARD PRESIDENT TRU
i MAN’S SPECIAL TRAIN, June
13.—President Truman returned
to the United States today from
what he termed “a grand visit”
to Canada, and prepared to
; make momentous decisions on
; taxes and labor. He is sched
j uled to reach Washington at
about 9:15 o’clock tonight.
I The President will spell out his
i views on taxes Monday in a message
i to Congress which those in close
touch with the White House say
; will be a veto of the measure de
signed to save the American peo
ple about $4,000,000,000 annually.
I Mr. Truman has insisted con
j sistently that the United States
i must cut down its public debt in
stead of paring taxes and the mes
sage going to the Capitol Monday
j is expected to enlarge on that
| theme.
Gives No Hint of Plans.
He refused to tell renorters tortsv
however, how he would act on the
tax bill, but last night he jokingly
told them that he would act “about
30 minutes before the deadline,”
which is midnight Monday.
Presidential advisers say they
have not the slightest idea what Mr.
Truman intends to do about the
labor-curb legislation, which repre
sents the first attempt by Congress
to check unionism since the New
Deal era. The President has been
so engrossed in the tax bill, accord
ing to his advisers, that he has given
scant attention to the Taft-Hartley
j labor-control bill.
Mr. Truman dug in on some paper
| work this morning left with him
by a courier plane.
Visits Niagara Fal's.
President Truman ended his stay
in Canada with a trip around Ni
agara Falls.
The presidential special, after an
overnight trip from Ottawa, reached
Niagara Falls, Ontario, at 9 a m.,
and the President entered an auto
mobile for the drive across to the
American side of the falls where
the train picked him up. Mrs.
Truman and Miss Margaret Truman
did not make the trip.
The President was greeted at the
Falls by local officials who escorted
him on the trip over the border.
Reporters asked the President what
he thought of the Fgils and he said
he wais glad he dido:t have to go
over them in a barrel.
Linda Claudette Williams, 6, gave
the President a bouquet as the part
ing gift from Canada,
The President breakfasted almost
at dawn on his long special train in
order to take advantage of the op
portunity to see the falls.
Peace Declared Aim.
President Truman bade fare
well to Canada last night with
a declaration that American foreign
policy has but one objective—peace
in the world and friendship with
every nation.
which were interpreted as an effort
to pour oil on troubled international
waters, were spoken to reporters
on the spacious grounds of the
Seigniory Club, 45 miles from Ot
tawa, and followed by a little more
than 24 hours his assertion to Par
(See TRUMAN, Page A-5.)
Cool Air From Northeast
Brings Respite From Heat
A blast of cool, dry air out of the
Northeast gave Washington respite
today from the heat and humidity
of the past two days.
The relief expected from a cold
front that originated in the West
was climaxed shortly after 3 am.—
the temperature then was 79—when
a 22-mile wind refreshed sleepers
and tumbled the mercury to 70 de
grees at 8:32 am.
The Weather Bureau predicted
considerable cloudiness this after
noon and temperatures in the low
80s, but thought the drier air would
make the heat more bearable.
Today’s low of 71 completed a
drop of 21 degrees from yesterday's
high of 92 registered at 3:48 pm.
Tonight's minimum should be
about 68 degrees. Tomorrow' will
be considerably cloudy, humid and
warm, but thundershowers are
promised for the afternoon or eve
ning.
One heat prostration was reported
yesterday. Lloyd Farran, 26, of 722
South Twenty-second street, Arling
ton, was treated at Garfield Hos
pital after collapsing near Four
I teenth and Chapin streets N.W.
St. Louis Transit Strike Jams
Streets With Private Autos
streetcars ana ouses wiucn were
cleared from their routes as soon
as operators completed their sched
uled runs at 6 a.m.
Mayor A. P. Kaufmann, who met
with city department heads when
the walkout started, summoned offi
cials of the company and the union
to the City Hall for a conference in
an effort to end the tieup.
He called on motorists to be
‘ generous and co-operative."
The strike had not noticeably
affected attendance at the National
Open Golf Tournament at the St.
Louis Country Club and tournament
officials said all of the caddies re
ported for work.
The strike was voted early to
day by Local 788, AFL Amalga
mated Association of Street, Elec
tric Railway and Motor Coach Em
ployes.
The strike vote came after union
members had unanimously rejected
the company's offer to sign a new
wage contract on the basis of a
decision made last Tuesday by an
arbitration board.
Hungarian Reds' Foe
Calls for International
Supervision of Vote
Party Will Not Otherwise
Take Part in Election,
Deputy Declares
By th« Associated Pres*
BUDAPEST, June 13.—Desze
Sulyok, member of Parliament
who has denounced the new
Hungarian regime as a police
state, said today his party would
refuse to take part in forthcom
ing elections unless they had in
ternational supervision.
Mr. Sulyok’s patty is the Szabad
sag (meaning freedom or liberty), a
conservative offshoot of the Small
hnlrtprs Part.v. It, has 18 members
Nagy Is Pronounced
'Nudge and Sulyok
Like 'Shoo-Yook'
By th* Associated Press
Pronunciation guide to Hun
garian names in the news:
Aladar Szegedy-Maszak, Min
ister at Washington, Ah’-lah
dahr seg’-ee-dee-mah’-sank.
Deszo Sulyok, leader of Free
dom Party, day’-shoor shoo’
yook (like look).
Ferenc Nagy, ousted Premier,
fay'-rents nudge (like fudge).
in Parliament. National elections
are tentatively scheduled for Sep
tember.
In addition to demanding inter
national supervision of the voting,
Mr. Sulyok said in an interview his
followers would also abstain unless:
1. Russian occupation forces had
left Hungary by the time of the
elections;
2. The right of all parties to
campaign freely without fear of
violence was guaranteed and;
3. Parliamentary immunity to ar
rest was carried over to the con
vening date of the new Parliament.
He said his party would refuse to
enhance by its participation the
legalities of elections otherwise con
ducted.
Tildy Assails Nagy Letter.
Meanwhile, President Zoltan Tildy,
a Smallholder mentioned in polit
ical circles as perhaps the man next
scheduled to be ousted by the Com
munists, issued a statement today
labeling as "irresponsible and false"
a letter which British Lord Vansit
tart told the House of Lords this
week he had received from former
Premier Ferenc Nagy.
The Briton quoted this letter as
saying that the President was “in
duced to stav in his place by threat
of deportation to Russia.”
Mr. Sulyok startled Parliament
yesterday with a sarcastic diatribe
against the new Communist regime.
He accused the Communists of
breaking up political rallies of his
party.
His group was expelled from the
Smallholders’ Party early in 1946 at
the beginning of Communist efforts
to reduce the Smallholders’ 57 per
cent majority in Parliament.
Assailed Nagy’s Weakness.
Mr. Sulyok became angry with Mr.
Nagy at that time for what he said
was the Premier's weakness in giv
ing in to the Communists.
Mr. Sulyok said he did not believe
the Communists would try to engi
neer his arrest because of his out
burst in Parliament. He regarded
himself as safer from arrest now
than he was before the speech, be
cause the Communists would not like
to draw attention to themselves by
making any move against him.
Hungarian newspapers made scant
mention today of Mr. Sulyok's ad
dress. They did not report his
charges that there was no freedom
of press or speech in Hungary.
Anti-Communists said that when
Parliament reconvenes Wednesday,
opposition spokesmen, taking their
lead from Mr. Sulyok, would be
highly critical of the sudden and
arbitrary adjournment.
Boy Killed When Drawn
Into Street Sweeper
By the Associated Press
FAIRMONT, W. Va„ June 13.—
John Lonnie Thomas, 11-year-old
bicyclist, was killed instantly yes
terday when he was drawn bodily
into a city street sweeper.
\( HERE. JOHNNIE... |
; j HELP YOURSELF ^ V
|| TO THIS—f/ttf-M
Army Contracts
For Plane to Fly
At2f200MPH
By fh» Associated Press
The Army Air Forces announced
today the award of a contract for
design of an airplane that would be
capable of flying faster than 2.200
miles an hour and reaching heights
of 35 to nearly 60 miles.
The contract went to the Douglas
Aircraft Co., of Santa Monica, Calif.
The proposed craft is the third of a
series of supersonic planes, or those
capable of traveling faster the 763
mile-an-hour speed of sound.
Douglas already has made 60 dif
ferent design studies in trying to
develop this type of plane. Some
designs call for jet engines, others
for rocket power, and still others for
a combination of the two.
The first supersonic design result
ed in the Bell XS-1 which has made
21 flights, but has never reached the
speed of sound. The second of the
series, the XS-2, is now being built
by Bell Aircraft Corp. at Buffalo,
N. Y.
Mass Contempt Trial
Of Anti-Fascist Group
Assigned to Keech
17 Defendants Go Before
New Judge in Case
Affor Winninn riinnnfi
' - - - - - .J-J
BULLETIN
District Court Justice Rich
mond B. Keech began impan
eling a jury to hear the mass
contempt-of-Congress trial at
2:30 p.m. today, after denying
defense motions to dismiss the
charges and for a change of
venue to New York.
(Picture on Page B-l.)
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
The contempt-of-Congress trial
of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refu
gee • Committee today was as
signed to District Court Justice
Richmond B. Keech, who was to
begin hearing the mass case at
1:30 p.m.
The trial opened Tuesday before
Justice Alexander Holtzoff. but the
change in Judges was made neces
sary when the United States Court
of Appeals barred Justice Holtzoff
because of a defense contention
that he was prejudiced in the case.
Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws
of District Court made the new
assignment at 10 a.m. today when
Dr. Edward K. Barsky and 15 as
sociates on the Anti-Fascist Com
mittee's Board of Directors were i
arraigned before him. In all, 17!
were indicted, but one is in Europe, j
The Government charges Dr.
Barsky and his associates conspired
to withhold, and did withhold, rec
ords of their organization from the
House Committee on Un-American,
Activities.
Dr. Barsky, a New York surgeon,;
is chairman of the group. Others;
indicted are:
Howard Fast, author of "Citizen
Tom Paine” and other books: Lev-1
erett Gleason, publisher, the com
(See ANTI-FASCISTrPage™A-5“)_ 1
rve^Lauicui W5 <anu usuciwicia
| here have begun withdrawing
j meat dishes from menus because
of sharp increases in meat prices,
jit was learned today.
Robert J. Wilson, secretary of the
Washington Restaurant Association,
! said members of his group “are find
j ing it necessary to go back to war
I time menus." Some restaurants, he
‘said, almost have stopped serving
meat altogether.
The action has been taken rather
‘than to increase the cost of meals.
! “Owners simply can’t serve meat at
these prices,” he declared.
Mr. Wilson explained that the
changes are above seasonal hot
weather changes to more fish, saled
and vegetable dishes in restaurants.
An appeal to housewives was
made by the Washington Com
Labor Experts Advise
Truman Not to Sign
Taft-Hartley Bill
Fear 'Unworkable' Plan
Can't Halt Coal Strike,
Will Cause Confusion
By the Associated Press
Government labor experts who
have been analyzing the Taft
Hartley bill will advise President
Truman that the measure is
“unworkable” and will not stop
a coal strike.
This was learned today from of
ficials who have seen the analysis,
but who asked that their names not
be used.
There have been equally reliable
reports, however, that some other
presidential advisers are urging Mr.
Truman to sign the measure.
This group is said to contend ia>
that the bill does give the Govern
ment some means of dealing with
the threat of a new coal strike next
month and <b> that Congress is
virtually certain to enact it Into
law in any event.
The labor experts are reported to
have concluded, among other things,
that the measure awaiting Mr. Tru
man's decision follows more nearly
tut uugiuai Ttioiuu luuuuutcu
Representative Hartley, Republican,
of New Jersey than what they called
the less restrictive measure spon
sored by Senator Taft, Republican,
of Ohio.
Arguments for Veto.
Here are some of the specific rea
sons they cite as arguments for a
veto:
1. The provision exemptihg work
stoppages resulting from “abnor
mally dangerous conditions’’ would
make it possible, in their opinion,
for John L. Lewis to bring about a
Nation-wide or partial soft coal
strike in mines which have become
‘unsafe’’ during the 10-day vaca
tion the miners will take from June
27 to July 7.
Mr. Lewis staged a ‘‘safety shut
down" of soft coal mines early in
April but later ordered the men back
to work. The analysis says he could
order another such walkout, and the
bill would leave the Government
powerless to intervene.
2. “Yellow dog’’ contracts could
be revived under a section guaran
teeing employes the right to self
organization or to refrain from or
ganization. (Yellow dog contracts
are those employers make with in
dividual workers who pledge not to
Join a union.)
3. Industry-wide bargaining would
be dealt a blow by the requirement
that workers involved in a contract
dispute vote secretly on accepting
their individual employer’s last set
tlement offer, as stated on the
ballot. •
The reasoning here is that if
• See LABOR, Page A-5.)
Reds Apologize to Swedes
For Killing in Austria
By the Associated Press
VIENNA, Austria, June 13.—The
Swedish Legation said today high
Russian authorities had called and
made an official apology for* a Rus
sian sentry's killing of Arne Oarls
son, a Sweish relief director.
The legation said its investigation
of the shooting, reported at a Rus
han roadblock near the Czechoslo
vak border, still was in progress.
Restaurants Starting to Cut Out
Meat Dishes After Price Rise
mittee lor consumer r-rotecuuu.
Mrs. Sarah Newman, chairman, said
i her group also has requested the
; President and Congress to reinstate
! controls on meat.
Joseph B. Danzansky, counsel for
the whofesale food division of the
i Merchants and Manufacturers’ As
’ sociation, said wholesalers are all
“disturbed at the highest prices in
history,” but that they are continu
ing to buy normal stocks. While
there has been “grumbling” from re
tail dealers, they are still buying, he
added.
Meat buyers for a large chain
here, however, said their purchases
were beginning to slow down. And
the individual stores of the chain,
they said, report increased grum
bling from customers. While some
dealers reported nearly normal meat
sales, most said their customers are
staying away from high-priced'
grades. *
Retirement rund
Withdrawals Get
Committee 0. K.
Action Is Agreed On
To Reduce Cost of
Longer-Chavez Bill
Legislation to permit dismissed
Federal workers to withdraw
their contributions to the civil
service retirement fund regard
less of the number of years they
worked for the Government was
agreed to today by a House Civil
Service Subcommittee.
The provision will be packed on
to the Langer-Chavez omnibus re
tirement bill in an effort to cut
down the cost of the measure, it
was said today by Representative
Stevenson, Republican, of Wiscon
sin, chairman of the subcommittee.
Mr. Stevenson said the provision
would not only decrease the cost of
the Langer bill, but that it would al
leviate the financial plight of
thousands of dismissed employes
who cannot withdraw their retire
ment contributions if they have
been in the Government for more
than five years.
Would Reduce Paper Work.
The decreased cost would result
from the elimination of paper work
in connection with keeping the rec
ords of thousands of workers who
would take advantage of such ft
provision, Mr. Stevenson said. Under
the present law’, the records of dis
missed employes are kept until they
are 62, when annuity payments
begin.
Under the amendment agreed to
by the committee, any employe may
withdraw his money from the fund,
plus 3 per cent interest.
The subcommittee will meet again
next Tuesday on the omnibus bill
and Mr. Stevenson predicted action
nn it at tViat iimp
A measure similar to the with
drawal provision agreed to by the
subcommittee has been Introduced
by Representative Jones, Republi
can, of Washington. This bill, which
has already received House Civil
Service Committee approval, allows
any one with less than 10 years of
service to withdraw their retirement
contributions.
Two Chances for Passage.
The subcommittee's action today
apparently was taken to increase
the chance of passage of the with
drawal provision. In this way, it is
contained in two bills. If the Langer
Chavez bill should fail of passage,
the Jones bill could be brought up
for quick House action.
Thousands of employes leaving
Government work in the present
economy wave would benefit by the
proposed law which was introduced
by Representative Jones, Republi
can, of Washington. Experts have
estimated it would save the Gov
ernment money since the annuities
eventually would exceed the con
tributions.
The committee, before voting to
report the bill favorably, amended
it to exclude years spent in military
service in computing the 10 years.
That means those with lengthy
service with the armed forces still
could get the refund if they spent
less than 10 years as a civilian em
ploye of the Government.
The committee, meanwhile, voted
to report favorably today a
bill which w'ould create an inde
pendent loyalty board to investigate
present and prospective Federal
workers, Chairman Rees said.
It amends the loyalty measure
upon which hearings were held last
week by removing the board from
the jurisdiction of the Civil Service
Commission.
Preliminary Probe Provided.
Tinder it. the commission would
conduct only a preliminary investi
gation of each employe and appli
cant. Discovery of any “derogatory
information" about any employe
would mean a further investigation
by the FBI, which would report to
the loyalty board.
This board would be composed of
five members appointed by the Presi
dent. They would pass on their
findings on loyalty matters to the
heads of agencies, listing employes
who should be discharged or appli
cants who should not be hired on
disloyalty grounds.
Any refusal of an agency head to
comply with the board’s recom
mendations would be referred to the
President by the board. It also
would report each year to Congress
on the status of cases referred to
the President.
Sunday Reading . . .
America is calking the
seams of its Ship of State.
Select groups of Army, Navy
and Foreign Service officers
are being schooled in the vital
importance of teamwork by
the military and diplomatic
agencies. The objective is a
realistic foreign policy. Gar
nett D. Horner, The Star’s
State Department correspond
ent, tells how the plan is
progressing in Sunday’s Edi
torial Section.
Of equal interest in the
same supplement are an Asso
ciated Press survey of condi
tions under which the world’s
newspapers are laboring in
their fight for a free press,
and an analysis by Constan
tine Brown of the strategy
employed by Russia In ex
panding her sphere of in
fluence. W. H. Shippen, jr..
aviation editor, writes about
tomorrow’s planes — being
tested today.
Special coverage of the new’
books, art, music, gardening,
amusements, radio, society,
sports, etc., plus the colorful
16-page Pictorial Magazine,
rounds out the usual thorough
and accurate news content of
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