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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 19, 1947, Image 1

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15 Die in Crash
Of Constellation
in Eastern Syria
8 Passengers and 7
Crew Members Killed;
22 Others Are Safe
ly th» AMoctatad Prni
NEW YORK, June 19.—Fifteen
persons of 37 aboard the Pan
American World Airways’ Con
stellation, the Eclipse, were killed
early today when the giant air
liner crashed at Meyadine, in
Eastern Syria, while trying to
make a forced landing, the air
line announced.
Eight of the dead were passen
ger*. Seven were crew members.
The remaining 22 passengers and
crew members were described as
safe, although an earlier report said
three were seriously injured and
seven were less critically hurt.
None of Dead Passengers American.
None of the dead passengers was
an American, the company said.
Neither their names nor those of
surviving passengers were available.
Pan American said the only de
tails of the crash, which occurred
while the plane was en route from
Karachi, India, to Instabul, Turkey,]
were contained in a brief message]
from Damascus which said thej
plane’s No. 2 engine caught fire
and the craft was destroyed at 2
a.m. Damascus time, 8 p.m. (EDT) ]
ine campany saici miormauon
from its Damascus office was that
the three crew members who sur- ‘
vived were Purser Anthony Volpe i
and Stewardess Jane Bray, both of!
New York, and Third Officer Eugene I
W, Roddenberry of River Edge, N. J
Other Members of Crew.
The other members of the crew,
announced earlier by Pan American
and presumed to be those killed,
Capt. Joseph Hall Hart, jr„ In
dian Chase Park. Greenwich, Conn.:
First Officer Robert Stanley Me- j
Coy, Flushing, Queens, N. Y.
Second Officer (navigator) How-]
ard Thompson, Jackson Heights,
Queens, N. Y.
First Engineer Robert B. Don
nelly, Bayside, Queens, N. Y.
Second Engineer W. E. Morris.
First Radio Officer Nelson C.;
Miles, Port Washington, N. Y.
Second Radio Officer Arthur O.
Nelson, Brooklyn.
First reports of the crash led to'
fears that it was the clipper Amer-i
ica. which left New York June 16 j
with a party of American publishers i
and officials' aboard for the inaug
ural flight of Pan-American’s com-|
mercial ’round-the-world service.!
The plane arrived safely at Istanbul j
from London, however.
Capt. Hart, who was born April
10,1907. in Norwood, Pa., set a world
record in January, 1945, when he
completed 12 trips across the South
Atlantic in 13 days and 15 hoprs. A;
graduate of the University of Cin
cinnati in 1930, he attended the air
corps flying school until 1931. He
became a captain in 1935 and a:
master pilot in 1941.
A Pan American spokesman in Is
tanbul said the plane was the same
one which turned back at Gander,
Newfoundland, on the outbound
flight early this week, after develop
ing engine trouble. It had been
delayed two days.
James H. Smith, vice president of
Pan American's Atlantic division,
disclosed the crash to the American
newspaper executives in Istanbul
less than an hour after their ar
The publishers passed up an offi
cial program prepared in their honor
and stayed at a midtown hotel to
await full details of the accident.
In Cairo, a flight control officer
at Almaza Airport said he had been
in contact with the Eclipse during
its flight from Karachi. He said that j
about two hours before the crash j
the plane radioed that one engine!
was ablaze. A few minutes later a
radio message said the pilot was
trying to crash-land the craft. It
was the last word the Cairo officials
heard front the ship.
Iranian Rebels Routed,
Army Chief Reports
By th« Associated Press
TEHERAN, June 19—The Iranian
chief of staff. Gen. All Razamara,
announced today that rebellious
tribal followers of Mullah Mustafa
el Barzani had been routed in a
bloody. ?3-hour battle in the iso
lated mountain area near Agh Ghel.
close to the Russian and Turkish
The communique said the tribes
men suffered heavy- causalties be
fore they were “scattered in the
Government troops disarmed the
Jalali tribesmen in the area and
moved them from their villages.
The mullah was reported previously
to have been seeking refuge with
the powerful Jalali tribe, which
numbers 50.000 in Iran and 250,000
in Turkey.
Late News
Defense Rests in May Trial
The defense in the May
Garsson conspiracy trial in
District Court rested its case
this afternoon except for the
hospital bedside questioning
of Joseph F. Freeman, war
time agent of the munitions
combine, who has been in Cas
ualty Hospital since he suf
fered a heart attack last Tues
day. The prosecution called
several rebuttal witnesses im
mediately and announced final
arguments will probably begin
the middle of next week.
(Earlier story on Page A-4.)
Eisenhower Asked by Columbia
To Consider Heading University
Associate Says General Has No Intention
Of Resigning as Chief of Staff This Year
Gen. Eisenhower has been ap
proached by Columbia Univer
sity regarding the presidency of
that institution but has no in
tention of resigning this year as'
Army Chief of Staff, Maj. Gen.j
Floyd L. Parks of the War De-1
partment’s public relations di-j
vision said today.
The general has been asked by.
“certain members of the Board of
Trustees'1 to consider the university
position “but he is not in a position
to discuss the matter at this time,”
the statement said.
“In determining any future activ
ity upon which he might embark at
the conclusion of his duties as Chief
of,Staff, he would like to utilize his
energies in something connected
with public service of non-political
nature,” the statement continued.
Gen. Parks said Gen. Eisenhower
had directed him to answer “many
inquiries from the press” with the
information that “he has no inten
tion of leaving his present assign
ment as Chief of Staff during the
current year, and never without the
full approval of the Secretary of
War and the President.”
“In any event,” the statement
concluded, “he will not consider any
engagement effective until after his
superiors have released him from
his present duties.”
In New York Columbia University
officials said they had no comment.
Speculation had developed todav
after Columnist Walter Winchell
said in a copyrighted story that
9en.' Eisenhower “has tendered his
resignation to President Truman and
will become president of Columbia
University next fall.”
The presidency at Columbia Uni
versity has been vacant since Dr.
Nicholas Murray Butler retired sev
eral years ago. Since then, Dr
Frank D. Fackenthal has been the
acting president. Dr. Butler is pres
ident emeritus.
Historv has recorded several in
stances of military men who turned
to the education field. Foremost is
Gen. Robert E. Lee, who became
president of Washington College,
now Washington and Lee Univer
sity. after the downfall of the Con
federacy and served until his death
in 1870.
William Tecumseh Sherman,
famed Union general, was superin
tendent of a military college estab
lished by the State of Louisiana in
January, 1860, when it was apparent
Louisiana was going to leave the
Gen. Charles P. Summerall, re
tired, who was Army Chief of Staff
in the 1920s, is now president of The
Citadel, the Military College of
South Carolina, at Charleston. He
assumed that position in 1931.
France, Britain Give
Russia Till Monday
To Join Aid Program
Molotov Invited to Meet
With Bidault and Bevin
Next Week on U. S. Plan
By Associated Press
PARIS, June 19.—France andi
Great Britain have given Russia
until Monday to decide whether
she wants to participate in a
collective effort^ to put postwar
Europe back on its economic feet j
with American help—or see con-;
tinental reconstruction organized:
without the Soviet Union.
They sent a note to Moscow last
night inviting Soviet Foreign Min
ister Molotov to meet with French
Foreign Minister Bidault and Brit
ish Foreign Secretary Bevin next
week on steps to implement the
European recovery plan suggested
by Secretary of State Marshall.
The note was dispatched after
a two-day Bidault-Bevin meeting
here at which, the two said in a
joint statement, they welcomed
“with the greatest satisfaction” the
ideas expressed by Gen. Marshall
in a speech at Harvard University
June 5.
Their joint message to Moscow
proposed that the meeting of the
three foreign ministers be held in
a “convenient” place to be agreed
on. but one well-informed British
source said the note made it quite
clear that London or Paris would
be considered most convenient.
Both French and British repre
sentatives said the possibility of a
Russian refusal had not even been
considered by Mr. Bevin and Mr.
Bidault and it appeared obvious
that they expected a quick reply.
Their note did not say in so many
words, but well-grounded inform
ants said they were determined to
go ahead on the Marshall program
without Russia if the reply from
Mascow is in the negative or incon- j
There was no immediate indica
tion of what response Russia would
make, but the Russian press has
taken a dim view of Gen. Marshall's
proposal, calling it merely an ex
tension of the Truman doctrine,
which it described as an attempt
to ‘exert political pressure with the j
aid of dollars—a program of inter
ference in the affairs of other
Bevin Refuses to Speculate
On Russia's Acceptance
LONDON. June 19 (/Pi.—Foreign
Secretary Bevin refused in the
House of Commons today to specu-!
late whether Soviet Foreign Minis-'
ter Molotov would agree to meet
with the British and French to dis- j
1 See” FOREIGN”AID. Page ”A-4 i
Passage ot Wool Dill
Due in Senate Today j
ly the Associated Press
Senator Myers, Democrat, of Penn-;
sylvania said today a bill permitting
•higher tariffs or import restrictions;
on wool "could wreck our whole;
effort" to lower world trade barriers.!
But the Pennsylvania Senator
conceded that the measure probably
! would win final approval in the
Senate and be on its way to Pres
ident Truman by nightfall.
The Senate agreed to vote on it
at 2:30 p.m. The House already has
; ratified the compromise version
| agreed upon by House and Senate
I conferees.
i The bill provides that the Presi
! dent may raise wool duties or im
; pose import limitations whenever
shipments of foreign wool threaten
to force down domestic prices.
During debate on the compromise
draft yesterday, Senators Hatch.
Democrat, of New Mexico and
Aiken, Republican, of Vermont told
the Senate there is nothing In the
bill which makes it mandatory that
the President raise wool tariffs.
Senate foes of the measure and
j Secretary of State Marshall have
argued that this makes no differ
ence. They contend that wool-pro
ducing countries represented at the
Geneva International Trade Con
ference are reluctant to enter into
tariff-lowering agreements so long
as there is even a possibility that
i the United States might increase
the duty on wool.
House Group at Odds
On Retirement Bill;
May Act Tomorrow
Approval by Committee
With Uphill Fight on
Floor Is Predicted
By Joseph Young
The House Civil Service Com
mittee jtoday failed to reach
agreement on the Langer-Cha
vez-Stevenson civil service re
tirement bill as supporters of the
measure agreed that the bill
faces a race against time to be
enacted at this year's session of
Disagreement over the cost of the
bill held up favorable committee ac
tion today, but Chairman Rees said
the committee will meet again to
morrow. Several committee mem
bers predicted that the bill would
be favorably reported tomorrow.
Mr. Reese, however, is known to
be none too enthusiastic over the
bill, and indications are that it faces
an uphill fight iirthe House.
With the scheduled adjournment
of Congress only a little more than
a month away, the bill's sponsors
concede it Is a tossup whether the
measure will reach the House floor
in time. In an effort, to expedite
action, they plan to seek a special
rule from the House Rules Com
mittee to bring it up for House ac
tion, once it is approved by the Civil
Service Committee.
Awaits Senate Action.
Even then, however, the pressure
of last-minute business wouldn’t
make it at all certain that the bill
would receive House consideration.
The measure already has been ap
proved by the Senate Civil Service
Committee and is now awaiting
Senate action, possibly next week.
Although the measure earlier this
week won the full approval of a
House Civil Service Subcommittee,
the full committee today wanted
more information on the bill’s cost.
The bill’s sponsors contend the cost
would be little or nothing.
The bill would increase annuities
to Federal workers by about $200 a
year, boost retirement payments to
employes already retired, and pro
vide survivorship insurance benefits
to widows and orphans of deceased
Government workers. In addition,
the measure would permit dismissed
Government employes to withdraw
their contributions to the retire
ment fund, regardless of the time
they spent in the Federal service.
In return. Federal workers would
contribute 6 per cent of their salary
to the retirement fund, instead of
the present 5 per cent rate.
17 Men Are Executed
For Treason in Greece
By th« Associated Press
ATHENS. June 19.—Seventeen
men convicted of treason and mur
der were executed today in the
courtyard of a Greek prison on
Aegina Island.
Most of the men, executed by
firing squads, were convicted as
traitors. Three who died were Com
munists sentenced for murders.
5% Raise to End
East and Gulf
Ship Strikes
Three Unions Agree
With 39 Firms, West
Expected to Follow
By the Associated Press ^
NEW YORK, June 19.—Nego
tiating committees for three
maritime unions and 39 East and
Gulf Coast shippers reached an
agreement early today for settle -'
ment of the shipping tieup on;
those coasts on the basis of a
5 per cent wage increase.
The settlement agreement, an
nounced at 2:40 a.m. by John W.
Gibson, Assistant Secretary of La
bor. would benefit 110.000 seamen
on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts if
approved by the unions’ member
ships and by the shipowners.
On the West Coast Nathan Fein
singer, Labor Department trouble
shooter, said that “undoubtedly the
settlement on the East Coast will be
a factor to reckon with here, but
just what its effect will be I cannot
Membership Meetings Called.
Joseph Curran, president of the
National Maritime Union, said spe
cial membership meetings would be
called later today for ratification of
the agreement. Mr. Curran’s union
had led the move to embargo sail
ings on the expiration of old con
tract* last Sunday midnight.
Present contracts of the NMU, the
American Communications Associa
tion and the Marine Engineers' Ben
eficial Association, all CIO affiliates,
will be extended for one year with a
wage re-opening date of December
15, Mr. Gibson said.
The Labor Department officials
said that under the new agreement,
which is subject to ratification by
the union memberships, the seamen
would receive overtime pay for nine
holidays annually for work per
formed at sea or in port.
Pacific Negotiations Continue.
Latest word here from the Pacific
Coast, which also felt the effects of
the embargo on sailings, was that
negotiations still were in progress
'The agreement here came after
the NMU had reached a separate
agreement with operators of tank
ers. also for a 5 per cent boost.
The tanker lines settlement af
fected 22.500 seamen.
Frank J. Taylor, chairman of the
Negotiating Committee for 39 ship
ping firms and agents on the At
lantic and Gulf Coasts, said his
committee “will recommend to their
principals who have contractual re
lations with the National Maritime
Union, the American Communica-!
tions Association and the National!
Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Asso
ciation, the prompt acceptance of
this proposal made by the Depart
jment of Labor,
i “It is of paramount importance to
'our national welfare and security
] that American merchant ships re
jsume their operations as soon as
possible. We hope that this pro
posal offered by the Government
representatives will be approved by
all parties concerned so that this
j industry will have the peace it must
have if our merchant marine is to
I endure."
Ratification Predicted.
Mr. Curran, whose NMU claims
60,000 men who work the dry cargo
and passenger vessels involved in
the new agreement, predicted the
membership would ratify it. He ex
pressed hope that "these gains
would be put into effect for seamen
of all unions in the interest of es
tablishing stability in the industry
during the coming year."
The settlement with 14 Atlantic
and Gulf tanker lines also was up
for ratification at the NMU mem
bership meetings today.
NMU originally had demanded a
20 per cent wage increase, six weeks’
paid vacations, a 40-hour week in
stead of the present 48. a health and
welfare fund and an increase in the
number of holidays granted.
The ACA radio operators had
asked a 15 per cent increase and
benefits similar to those the NMU
; sought, and the engineers asked 6
per cent. Under the old scales, base
; pay varied according to the size of
1 vessel, running up to $692 for the
! chief engineer and $353.51 for the
j chief radio operator of tho America,
| the Nation's largest passenger vessel.
The tieup of cargo ships had led
the American Association of Rail
roads to Anbargo movement of
! freight bound for ports and con
signed to NMU-manned ships.
On the West Coast, a fourth union,
■ the National Union of Marine Cooks
■and Stewards (CIO', followed the
1 East Coast “no contract, no sail"
1 policy and halted some sailings.
Gen. Collins Says Soviet Troops
Outnumber Americans 20 to 1
By the Associated Press
MIAMI. Fla., June 19.—Lt. Gen.
J. Lawton Collins said today Russian
soldiers outnumber those of the
I United States Army 20 to 1.
In addition, he declared, the Rus
sians have “over 10,000” airplanes
and "we cannot man 4,000 aircraft
| today.”
Gen. comns saia tnat m case oi
f trouble In Europe the American
j forces there "are so small that they
| could easily be overrun.”
i He estimated that Russia is “cap
able of putting 200 divisions in the
j field, have them in the field right
' now," compared with 10 divisions in
| the whole American Army. He said
j “Russia’s satellites in Europe” could
provide another 100 divisions.
“I simply cite these as examples
of the fact that we are terribly weak
| today,” the War Department in
formation chief said in a speech pre
pared for a convention of the Re
serve Officers Association.
“In all sincerity—in all logic,” Gen.
Collins said, “we must review our
situation now. and take the neces
sary steps to meet what might hap
< pen to us. We can't deal in prob
! abilities any longer.
“This was one of the mistakes
made prior to Pearl Harbor. People
said the Japs couldn't attack us,
| but they did. Today other nations
' in the world are capable of at
, tacking us.”
The War Department, Gen. Col
lins added, feels that "great ports
like New York City would be logi
cal targets, that great industrial
1 centers like Detroit, Pittsburgh and
’ Chicago would be areas of attack,
j not the military dispositions of
■ troops deployed in the field.”
! He said attack might come by
> long-range aircraft strikes across
i the polar cap and might include
1 atom bombing and bacteriological
I warfare.
"The past two wars,” he said,
>; “should have proved to the world
:! that we are the major military
power that would have to be de
feated before any nation could
dominate the world.”
For the sake of national security,
. I Gen. Collins said, there should be a
I program of universal training and
i unification of the Army and Navy
j as proposed by President Truman.
J. Edgar Hoover Says
Vote Fraud Testimony
Was Misinterpreted
FBI Head Seeks to Clarify
Statement at Hearing;
Ferguson Bans Changes
By J. A. O'Leary
The Senate investigation into
1946 Kansas City election com
plaints took an unexpected turn
today when J. Edgar Hoover,
director of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation, contended part of
his testimony as to why only a
limited inquiry was conducted
last fall has been misinterpreted.
In a letter to Chairman Ferguson
of a Senate Judiciary Subcommittee,
Mr. Hoover also praised Attorney
General Clark's record as head of
the Justice Department, and said
he never has known Mr. Clark to
take any action “to prevent any
investigation being conducted to its
logical conclusion.”
The FBI chief also indicated spe
cific changes to be mad« in his
testimony to clarify it, but Senator
Ferguson told reporters “the sub
| committee has not permitted revis
| ing any testimony.”
Ferguson Has no Comment.
Senator Ferguson said he had no
comment on the letter but that the
subcommittee may call Mr. Hoover
back “to ask him some questions
about it.”
Meanwhile, the Senate Judiciary
Committee postponed until June
30 action on a pending resolution
proposing a full-scale Senate in
vestigation into the disputed Kan
i sas City primaries of last August
which resulted in the complaints of
[ irregularities.
The Ferguson subcommittee had
a 22-page report ready this morn
ing, but Senator Ferguson said Sen
ator McCarran, Democrat, of Ne
vada wanted more time to study it.
Frauds in Special Category.
In the preliminary hearings two
weeks ago the substance of the tes
timony was that election frauds
; constitute one of a group of cases
I in which the FBI acts only on in
i structions from the Attorney Gen
: eral’s office under long-standing
i practice.
The testimony was to the effect
that in the Kansas City complaints
j the Attorney General's office in
structed the FBI to interview mem
: bers of the election board and em
| ployes of the Kansas City Star, who
had gathered the complaints.
I After the FBI had submitted it$
i preliminary report last fall, the
; Justice Department decided there
| was no evidence of Federal viola
tions. and. the testimony showed,
the United States attorney in Kan
sas City obtained the opinions of
I three Federal judges in deciding a
Federal grand jury should not be
I Senator Ferguson brought out at
those hearings, however, that J. M.
i ~7see KANSAS CITYTPage A-4.)
ialtzman Nominated
To Succeed Hildring
President Truman today nomi
nated Charles E. Saltzman, vice
president of the New York Stock
I Exchange, to be an Assistant Secre
itary of State.
The State Department, said the
! nominee, who served on Gen. Mark
Clark's staff as a brigadier general
in World War II, will succeed As
sistant Secretary John H. Hildring.
who is planning to resign. Mr.
Hildring, a former Army major gen
eral. has been assistant secretary
for occupied areas.
Mr. Saltzman, 44, is a graduate
cf West Point and was a Rhodes
He gave up his Army career to
enter the banking business and then
was commissioned again when World
War II started. He won the Dis
tinguished Service Medal for effi
cient services.
After his graduation from West
Point, Mr. Saltzman attended Ox
ford University as a Rhodes scholar
from. June, 1925, to November, 1928.
He subsequently served as man
ager of directory production for the
New York Telephone Co. and still
later as secretary of the code au
thority for the rayon and silk dying
and printing industry.
During the war, he was with the
5th Army in North Africa and later
was advisor of public administration
and public economy on Gen. Clark’s
Horan Takes Fight for Sales Tax
In District Directly to People
Budget Exceeding $100,000,000 Predicted;
Hearing of Testimony From Citizens Starts
By John W. Thompson, Jr.
Chairman Horan of the House
Appropriations Subcommittee
handling the 1948 District supply
bill took his case for a sales tax
here directly to the people today.
He told more than 100 civic repre
sentatives waiting to testify on the
$97,000,000 estimates for the year
beginning July 1 that the amount
is entirely too small.
Predicting approval of expendi
tures exceeding $100,000,000 “unless
I am mistaken in the attitude of
my subcommittee." he urged the
citizens to study without prejudice
a sales tax as the fairest means of
meeting the cost of operating the
city government.
The morning session recessed at
12:30 p.m. after the subcommittee
had received a verbal picture of
heavily overcrowded schools in both
the colored and white divisions oi
: the system. There was to be an aft
ernoon session.
Today’s hearing marked the close
of executive sessions with District
: officials on the 1942 budget and the
| opening of a joint hearing of the
; House and Senate Appropriations
i subcommittees to Ijear citizens’ tes
! timony. Senator Dworshak, Repub
lican. of Idaho is chairman of the
Senate subcommittee.
Because of the overflow crowd at
[ today’s hearing. Mr. Horan asked
; witnesses interested in the school
appropriations part of the program
1 to remain in the morning session.
; Those wishing to testify on the
health and welfare and other mis- j
cellaneous items were invited to re
: turn at 2 p.m.
Continuing his opening statement, i
Mr. Horan told the group the new!
i city revenue bill now awaiting Sen-'
! ate action is entirely inadequate.
“I am presenting the sales tax to
! <See"BUDGET, Page A-4.)
Visa Official Testifies
3 Anti-Fascist Leaders
Are Considered Reds
First Witness for U. S.
Says Committee Is
Communist Front
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
A State Department official
: testified in District Court today
that he considered three leaders j
; of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refu
gee Committee are Communists. 1
The official. Robert C. Alexander •
! assistant chief of the department's
! visa aivision, was the first witness
introduced by the Government in
an attempt to show that the House;
j C-'inmittee on Un-American Activi-1
| ties had a right to investigate the
anti-Fascist group.
Dr. ’Edward K. Barsky and 15
! associates on the Anti-Fascist Com
| mittees Board of Directors are
charged with contempt of Congress.
The Government says they con
spired to withhold, and did with
hold, records of their organization
from the House committee last year.;
Justice Richmond B. Keech. be
fore whom the trial is being held.;
I had not ruled early this afternoon
| on a defense motion to exclude from
|the trial testimony given by the
defendants before the House com
Transcript is introaucen.
Mr. Alexander had given the
House committee information which
led it to believe it should ask to
see the anti-Fascist group's rec-!
ords, it was brought out today. The
I prosecution introduced as evidence;
; in the mass trial a transcript of
his testimony before the House com
mittee on April 15.
In that testimony, Mr. Alexander
described the Anti-Fascist Commit
tee as a “Communist-front organi
zation,” membership of which was,
“honeycombed with Communists.”
The record of that testimony was •
introduced today with Mr. Alexander
on the stand, but with the jury ex
In cross-examination of Mr. Alex
ander, Defense Attorney O. John
Rogge asked the witness what led
him to believe the Anti-Fascist Com
mittee was a “Communist-front”
“Various reports from various
sources in Government channels,” |
Mr. Alexander said. He added he
could not name any particular one.
Names Barsky, 30 Others.
Mr. Rogge asked the witness toj
name some of the Communists with
'which the organization was "honey
Mr. Alexander said Dr. Barsky.:
James Lustig and Mrs. Ruth Leiderj
were considered Communists. Mr.
Lustig is an official of the .United
Electrical Workers union. Mrs.
Leider is a lawyer.
Mr. Alexander told the court:
"there are some indications in
various reports which came to us I
that Dr. Barsky was a member of
the Executive Committee of the.
Communist Party.*
Mr. Rogge tried unsuccessfully to
have the witness be more specific
as to the source of these reports.
The witness said he did not know
that the persons named were card
bearing members of the Communist
Party. He never had seen evidence j
(See ANTI-FASCIST, Page A-4.) i
Buck Predicts Senate
Will Pass Rent Control
Extension Bill Today
House-Approved Plan
Allows Permissive
Boosts Up to 15 Pet.
By th» Associated Press
Senator Buck,. Republican, of1
Delaware predicted Senate pas
sage today of a House-approved
bill to extend rent controls for,
eight months and allow “permis
sive increases” up to 15 per cent.
Senator Buck, floor manager of
the legislation, planned to call it up
after disposition of a wool bill which
was the day’s first order of business.
He said he saw no obstacles to
approval since the measure in its
present form—a compromise with
the House—is "pretty much as it
left the Senate.”
rayior to urge veto.
The principal concession on the
part of the Senate conferees who
helped work out the final version
was elimination of Government con
trols over commercial construction.
Senator Taylor, Democrat, of
Idaho, another of the Senate con
ferees, has announced he will urge
President Truman to veto it.
Senator Buck told a reporter he
hopes Mr. Truman will sign it be
cause “there is no question that it
is this or nothing."
Under present law controls ex
pire June 30.
Senator Buck said he does not
know what features the President
might object to. except possibly the
so-called Hawkes amendment for
permissive increases.
Rent Increases Allowable.
Under this provision, rental in
creases of up to 15 per cent are
allowable if the landlord and tenant
agree, prior to December 31, on a
lease which will be effective through
out 1948. *
“That is not as bad as it would
seem,” Senator Buck said, adding
that all controls will probably end
next February 29 and the tenants
who agree to the 15 per cent increase
will at least be assured that their
rents cannot go higher during 1948.
The other major provisions of the
compromise bill, which the House
approved by a 163-to-73 standing
vote on Tuesday, are:
1. Advisory boards in each of the
Nation's approximately 600 defense
rental areas to recommend rent in
creases or lifting of controls en
tirely. The rent administrator would
have 30 days to approve or disap
2. Administration to be lodged in
the Office of Housing Expediter,
which the House has ordered to
start liquidating June 30.
3. Immediate lifting of controls
on new housing, hotels, newly rented
dwellings and remodeled houses.
4. Evictions to be governed by
State laws.
5. All construction controls except
those over amusement and recrea
tional building to ' be scrapped
June 30.
Paredes Trial Opens
MANILA, June 19 {£*).—The trial
of Quintin Paredes, former Philip
pines resident commission in Wash
ington, on 21 counts of high treason
opened before the Philippines Peo
ple’s Court today.
Southern Group
On Labor Advice
To MakeOwn Decision
On Taft-Hartley Bill,
He Informs Visitors
VETO CARAVAN parades through
downtown streets. Page A-5
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today deliv
ered a mild rebuke to Southern
Democratic leaders when one of
their number sought to impress
his labor bill views on the Chief
Executive in the course of a
White Houge visit.
Taking time out from drafting
the message he will send to Con
gress tomorrow, the President met
with national committeemen and
State chairmen from half a dozen
Southern States on one of a series
of visits that Democratic chieftains
are making here.
Afterward, reporters learned that
Col. Marion Rushton of Montgom
ery, Ala., had told Mr. Truman ha
wanted to see him sign the con
troversial bill to curb certain labor
Participants said the President
answered quickly, telling him that
he hadn’t been hearing the labor
people and he hadn’t been hearing
people from the other side, and that
he wasn't going to hear Democrats
on the matter.
Will Reach Own Decision.
Mr. Truman added that he was
analyzing the measure on which he
is sending a message to Congress to
morrow and that he would reach
his own decision.
Senator Johnston, Democrat, of
South Carolina told the President
that if he did veto the bill he could
be assured of one Senate vote to
sustain the rejection.
In sharp contrast to the situation
earlier in the week, when a veto was
predicted freely as he went to work
[on the tax message, the President’*
j closest advisers professed ignorance
I of the course he would take on the
labor bill.
While the President worked be
hind closed doors today on the mes
sage. Presidential Secretary Charles
G. Ross refused to be drawn out
by reporters’ questions as to Mr.
j Trumans likely action. Mr. Ross
[did say the message may be avail
1 able around noon tomorrow, but
I added he wouldn’t even "guaran
j tee” the time.
Rejection Expected.
Prevailing sentiment was that Mr.
Truman would reject the labor curbs
just as he did the GOP plan to cut
income taxes, although his own
i party is divided on the issue. But it
was admitted that this was only *
, “guess” as the President mulled over
; the mass of material collected by
. aides to assist him in reaching a de
In the event the measure is
vetoed, it will occasion no surprise if
the President, in sending the mes
sage to Congress, specifies ex
actly the sort of a revised bill that
he would approve, and urges prompt
enactment. On Capitol Hill, how
ever, proponents of the present
measure claim enough votes in both
; Senate and House to provide the
■ necessary two-third majority to
[ override a veto.
Veto Favored in Survey.
) In the meantime the Associated
Press said today that a survey of
Democratic leadership across the
country—conducted by the Demo
cratic National Committee—showed
a 103-to-66 division in favor of a
veto, plus four recommendations
that the measure be allowed to be
come law without signature.
A party official who disclosed re
sults of the survey said National
Committee members and State
chairmen and vice chairmen were
asked to submit their “considered
judgment" of the issue "without
; coloration.’’
The committee made the check
on its own authority without in
structions from the White House,
the official said.
He added that the strongest senti
ment for a veto was found in re
plies from the West, New York and
One reply from New York, he
said, contended that unless there
i were a veto the Democrats would
lose that highly important State in
■the 1948 election.
Signing Urged by South.
1 The South generally urged that
Mr. Truman sign the measure,
j The results of the party survey
have been submitted to presidential
counsel, Clark M. Clifford for relay
I to the President.
i Mr. Clifford has been working
with presidential assistant, John R.
Steelman, in rounding up the opin
ions of all cabinet members, con
i gressional leaders and others for a
j composite recommendation.
This study, together with an
' analysis of the effects of each pro
vision of the measure, has been laid
on Mr. Truman’s desk for the final
j decision.
The bill would become law auto
matically in the absence of presi
dential action by tomorrow mid
Volume of Mail Mounts.
As proponents and opponents
urged their views on the White
House in ever-mounting volume,
with veto advocated reported in
the majority, a telegram was sent
to the President and top Republican
and Democratic congressional lead
ers by 40 economists and lawyers
: who said they represent “no organi
zation or partisan interest," urging
| the bill’s death.
The message said the legislation
“includes many provisions which are
extremely unwise, unfair or un
Among its signers were Lloyd K.
Garrison, former chairman of the
War Labor Board, and Edwin E.
Witte, economics professor of the
; University of Wisconsin, a former
, member.
j On the other side, Donald R.
Richberg, long-time labor counsel
; and one of the sponsors of the law
' setting up rail labor machinery, said
! in a talk over WINX last night that
! a veto would be a “mistaken act of
friendship” to Jabot.

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