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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 08, 1947, Image 2

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Grange Urges Labor
And Industry to Agree
On Pay-Profit Ceilings
fty A»soc»o*#d Pr»»*
The National Grange sug-j
gpsted today that labor andj
major industrial firms agree on!
a program of voluntary ceilings
on wages and profits as a step
toward lower prices.
The farm organization made this
proposal as. the American Federa
tion of Labor declared that "the
feast-and-famine policy of Indus-1
try" has pushed prices and profits:
m the brink of an economic reces
The Grange and the AFL laid i
down their views In separate state- j
ments prepared for the Joint Con- j
cressional Committee on the Eco-1
nomic Report, This group is study- |
lng suggestions on how to prevent |
boom and bust swings of the Na-j
tion's economy.
Would Divide Margins.
Albert S. Goss, master of the
Grange, told the committee:
If labor and industry in a num
ber of America's largest industrial
concerns would agree on a program
in which a ceiling would be placed
on wages, and a ceiling on indus
trial profits, with all margins above
such ceilings divided between labor,
industrial nu/n#»rshin and th#» nnhlir
in the form of lower prices—with a
major part of the saving going
toward reduction in price—our in
flationary spiral would soon be put
in reverse.')
Mr. Goss said the ‘‘interests of
the public would be served if some
method of economic regulation such
as this should be adopted, rather
than expending so much effort to
regulate monopoly and profiteering
through punitive measures."
Matthew Woll, an AFL vice presi
dent, expounded his organization’s
views. He said:
‘‘The AFJ, is convinced that the
feast and famine policy of American
industry, which in general has al
lowed prices and profits to climb to
such unprecedented heights that
consumer buying power is danger
ously lagging, will inevitably lead
to economic recession unless correc
tive action is taken immediately.”
Need for Lower Food Prices.
Mr, Woll said the AFL believes
“that moderate increases in wages
in 1947, accompanied by a price re
duction policy, industry by industry,
according to their ability to lower
prices, will assure continuing pros
perity with high levels of production
and employment."
Declaring food prices ‘ must come
down,” Mr. Woll added that if they
continue upward, "rank and file
worker pressure for wage increases
will be inevitable.”
He said wage increases this spring
“have not been accompanied by price
increases” and have “served to take
up the slack and offset the danger
of a sharp collapse of economic
The result, Mr. Woll said, "has
been healthy for the economy as a
Mr. Goss said prices for some foods
are too high and others too low.
mainly because of what he called
the inadequacy of the present parity
formula—the standard used to gauge
wnetnex laini piu.c»
lation to each other and prices for
other commodities.
Hope to Avoid Rationing.
Mr. Goss declared the present
formula is ‘little better than none
at all and because of its many in
adequacies is resulting in (the Gov
ernment) supporting prices of some
erops at far above an equitable level
without affording any protection
at all to other crops." He did not
name, any specific foods or crops.
The grange official said food ra
tioning may have to be restored “if
we. have a shortage such that food
cannot be bought at prices which
will promote reasonably maximum
"We believe, however," he added,
“that if the Government, in con
nection with its purchases for mili
tary forces and world needs, would
pursue a sound policy in selecting
foods in greatest abundance and
avoid excessive use of foods in short
supply, rationing probably would be
Mr. Goss said price controls should
b<» restored "only as a last resort to
prevent profiteering."
Flyers Trained as Farmers
In the hope that they will turn
to rural Ilf? on release, members
of the Royal Indian Air Force, due
for release from service shortly, are
being trained at Jalahalli. Banga
lore. in latest farming methods.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Consider
able cloudiness but' less humid with
highest near 80 this afternoon
Mostly clear with lowest about 65
tonight. Tomorrow mostly sunny
and dry with moderate temperature
Maryland and Virginia—General
ly fair and cooler tonight. Mostly
sunny and dry tomorrow with mod
erate temperature.
Wind velocity, 8 miles per hour:
direction, northwest.
River Report.
iFrom United SUtes Eneineer*. >
Pot«m»r River de»r *t Hsrpers Ferr:
•«o, r.e*«t Valle rlFflr •
Harper* Ferry.
Temperature and Humidity.
(Readings at Washington National Airport
Temp Humidit'
T»sterday— Degrees, percent
Noon *5 75
4 p.m* - _ "9 hfl
8 »m. . 89 93
Midnight . _. 87 68
R am: .6, R4
3 :,30 p m. 76 6
Record Temperatures This Tear.
Highest. 93. on June 13
Lowest. 7. on February 5.
Tide Table*.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today Tomorrow
High _ 11:59 a.m. 32:43 a m
Low _ 6:36 a m < :21 a m
High _ 12:34 p.m.
Low _ ... 6:59 p.m 7:3.3 p.m
The Sun and Meon.
Rises. Sets
Sun. ’Oday 5:49 8 .36
Sun. tomorrow 5:oo 8:39
Moon, today.. ll:.->Pom. 10:28a. m
Automobile lights must oe turned o:
one-half hour after sunset.
Monthly preeipitation"*tn inches in tn
Capital (current month to da'ei:
BST \M m 8:85 f
April ___ 2 48 3.27 9.13 §
Ma" I_ 4.44 3.70 10 69 '8
6.86 4.1.3 10,94 o
7,,ii ~ 0 96 4.11 10.6.3 8
August ' 4.21 14.41 *2
Sertemoer 3-6 1 ■-65 3
Octooer- .;?? S-aS -A
Decrmbf r 3.32 <56 o
Temperatures In Various Cities.
High. Low High. Los
Albuquerque 90 63 Miami 85 _<
atianta 85 «« Milwaukee ,o 5
Atlantic City 78 69 New Orleans 92 7
Bismarck.” 88 68 New York «. fl
Ro«fon _ 7P 84 Norfolk — 84 n
Buffalo #•*» JZ Oklahoma C. ^
Chicago . - _ 77 5 / Omaha - - n
Cincinnati *7 Phoen** j
netroit 7< W* PittaDiirtn . «” 5
E' Paso #7 73 P rtland. Me 75 6
Harrisburg 76 64 IVlfllke C. 89 ■
Kansaa City 86 g jCngiSS |* «
Los Angeles 78 59 Seattle L‘„ •
Louisville__ 80 80 Tampa -P- <
“NOBODY RENTS TO PEOPLE WITH KIDS"—Marine Veteran Thomas J. Ahearn, and his wife,
a former member of Marine Women’s Reserve, who set up a tent in Lafayette Park yesterday
after the house they had occupied in Arlington was sold. Police made them move, but found
them shelter in the Washington Tourist Camp. __ —Star Stall Photo.
Army Distributes Book
On Red Spies in America
By the Associated Press
The War Department yesterdaj
disclosed an Army-wide distributior
of copies of 'Soviet Spies: Xh<
Story of Russian Espionage ir
North America."
It said this book, by Richarc
Hirsch. is a "publication of timelj
interest to every member of the
military establishment."
About 1,300 copies in a cheap papei
edition are being distributed by th«
Troop Information and Educatior
Division of the War Department.
A department circular says th<
book has been purchased from com
mercial sources and is not an offi
cial War Department document
The circular says the book report:
on "the breaking of the atomic
bomb espionage ring in Nortl
A War Department official saic
the book generally contains mate
rial which has oeen published pre
.... . ■ in ■
Missionaries Are warned
Of Difficulties in India
By th* Associated Press
WHITBY. Ontario. July '8:-:Dr
Rajah B. Manikam. secretary
National Christian Council of India
declared today that, recent politica
changes in India probably woulc
create difficulties for foreign mis
sionaries "for some time to come.”
"Once self-government is achieve!
the real conflict in politics will no
be between the Indian and the for
eigner, but among the Indians them
selves." Dr. Manikam said in an ad
dress before the Internatibflikf
sicnary Council -v
"In Congress (party > circles th<
conflict is bound to be between thi
right and left wings, between mid
dle-class capitalists and Commun
ists with a revolutionary program
Christians will have to throw thei
weight one way or the other anc
cannot remain neutral,” added Dt
Manikam, who holds a doctor o
philosophy degree from Columbii
Vatican Paper Opposes
Birth Moratorium
By tiie Associated Press
servatore Romano, attacking pro
posals of Margaret Sanger—birtl
control advocate — for a 10-yea
| moratorium on births in the hungr
; countries of Europe, declared yes
I terdav that “such encouragement
was not needed In “many countrie
i dismayed by a fearful decline ii
"At any rate,” the Vatican news
I paper said, "such encouragemen
i will never be given by the Catholi
I .---i
Hospital Is Dark
For 30 Minutes
During Operation
fty the Associated Press
PATERSON. N. J., July 8—Whe
a power'failure plunged the operat
’ing room of St. Joseph's Hospits
Snto darkness Sunday night, a sur
geon held a patient's severed a.b
dominal artery for 30 minutes unt
the hospital's emergency lightin
system was put in operation.
Dr. V. W. Giudice, who was per
forming an appendectomy, assiste
by Dr. Francis J. Brogan, had mad
! the incision in the patient's abdc
men. Just as the operating root
went dark. Dr. Giudice noticed tht
blood was spurting from the inc
sion. Dr. Giudice located the artei
in the darkness, holding it whi
nurses brought flashlights ar
candles. «■
The light was still too dim to prt
ceed with the operation. Workir
carefully so as not to halt the flo
of blood in the patient's body ei
tirely. the surgeon clasped the artei
i with his hands to prevent furth
loss of blood.
. The surgeons successfully con
pleted the operation after the ernei
. gency lighting system was starte
t j and the 65-year-old patient wi
' said to have suffered no ill effect
; Factory Authorized
1 Eversharp—Waterman
while you wait
? 503 14th St. N.W.
4 Ov»MiU Wfllard HelH
a _
4 ' "
Family of 5 Finds Brief Haven;
Tent Near White House Barred
Thomas J. ^hearn, his wife, and
their three children today are living
temporarily in the Washington
Tourist Camp after an unsuccessful
attempt to "camp out" last night
in Lafayette Park.
The couple, whose children range
in age from 3 months to S
years, were compelled to leave their
! rented home at 3618 Wilson boule
j vard. North Arlington, yesterday
morning when the house was sold
They had lived there only foui
The other two weeks they havf
been in Washington were spent ir
Union Station, bus depots and parks
> they said.
After a day of unsuccessful
searching for a home yesterday, the
couple, both ex-Marines, took theii
brood, and I collie dog to the park.
Police Halt Tenting.
True to traditions of Marines' self
reliance. Mr. Ahearn began to pitcl
a tent. With them they had three
suitcases of clothing, a washboard
two baby carriages, an electric radic
and three quarts of milk.
| Mr. Ahearn, now an Arlingtor
i butcher, had just set up the camou
.*flaged Marine tent, however, wher
■ Park Police informed the homelese
. family they would have to leave.
11 Mrs. Ahearn. 27, could stand it nc
11 longer.
I “I wish we were all dead,” shi
; cried. "We'd be better off.”
I - Then she fainted with the baby ir
her arms.
Police summoned an Emergency
■ umnitoi amhulanpp Attendants re
ported Mrs. Ahearn was suffering
from shock and strain.
It was then, through police help.
I that a cabin was located for them in
the Washington Tourist Camp.
"Nobody wants kids under 12." the
26-year-old father said. "I checked
the Red Cross, Travelers’ Aid Bu
reau. Veterans’ Administration and
about 100 rent ads.”
Mrs. Ahearn, who once worked in
a downtown store here, said that
3-month-old Frederick Sterling
Ahearn nearly caught pneumonia
after a rainy night when the family
slept in the open in Union Station
Pl3 Z8
Met While in Service.
The Ahearns met while in the
service and W'ere married fopr years
ago. Mrs. Ahearn, whose maiden
name was Winifred Sherman, once
lived at 923 Twenty-second street
N.W. She attended Bladensburgh
High School. She also formerly
lived in Hyattsville.
Mr. Ahearn is from Waterbury
Conn., where his father lives.
"Dad just got discharged from the
Marine Corps, too,” he said “We
were going up there, but Dad said
things are just the same. He's liv
ing from night to night on park
benches, too.”
Young Mr. Ahearn said he could
afford to pay $60 a month rent and
he doesn’t care if he has to move
to the country. "Anything would be
better for my family than sleeping
in public,” he said.
Their children, besides Frederick
are Timmy, 20 months, and Thomas
John. jr.. 2.
| Clyde Beatty Circus Twn
Derailed; 1 Killed, 6 Hurt
By th« Associated Press
HUBBARD. Nebr.. July 8.—Eight
■ cars of Clyde Beatty's 15-car circus;
1 train were derailed in the early- i
. morning darkness today, killing one,
; circus worker and injuring at
i, least six.
The accident happened on the
northeast outskirts of this village j
as the circus was en route from last;
:night's Sioux City, Iowa, showing to
an engagement at Norfolk, Nebr.,
Mr. Beaty himself was one of the
' first out of the wrecked train. He as
’ signed several of the elephants to
' dragging away torn ties and rails
r apd pulling in replacements. His
I cargo, he said, includes the “largest,
' j fiercest mixed group of savage jun
gle-bred male and female tigers I j
’ have ever handled." But the ani
I mals, most of them in the fore part
fof the train which stayed on the
'tracks, did not escape their cages.
[ A number of the performers
’ jumped to safety as the train began
i to leave the tracks.
The man killed was John C.
Fisher, 40, Lewistown. Pa., assistant
boss canvasman. His head and chest
were crushed bv the wheels of a
circus truck which rolled over him
as he slept in a sleeping bag atop
ja flat car.
Schacht in Nuernberg
. As Witness in Trial
] By th» Associated Press
-I NUERNBERG, Germany. July 8.
- —Dr. Hjalmar Schacht, former
II Finance Minister of Nazi Germany,
g was brought here yesterday under
heavy police guard to serve as a
. witness in an American war crimes
d trial, officials disclosed today.
There is no official indication in
c I which of the several trials now in
■; progress Schacht will testify. He
n was brought from the German labor
,ticamp at Ludwigsburg. where
■ Schacht is serving an eight-year
denazification sentence.
y ---
— --————
Harness Demands Curbing
Of Federal Press Releases
ly the Associoted Pros*
Citing a foot-high stack of Gov
ernment press releases he said rep
resent one week's output to a single
newspaper. Representative Harness
Republican, Indiana, today de
manded curtailment of ‘‘propaganda
designed to Influence public think
ing and to bring pressure on Con
Mr. Harness is chairman of a
House Expenditures subcommittee
on publicity and propaganda in Gov
ernment agencies.
The stack of press releases, he said
In a speech in the Housef was senl
during the course of one week to the
New York Times and presumably te
other large newspapers.
Some of it, he said, ‘ is just pun
hog wash," while some is of valut
to publishers. He said the publii
printer estimated it would have re<
quired 800 columns of the New Yorl
Times to print all the Governmen
handouts sent in during one week.
Latest available estimates, Mr
Harness said, place Federal expen
ditures for publicity at about $75,
000,000 a year.
Death Toll Now 28
In Calcutta Rioting
By the Associated Frost
CALCUTTA, July 8— Continuet
Hindu-Moslem rioting claimed-thre
more lives today, bringing the oflfi
cial toll of casualties since earl;
yesterday to 28 dead and more thai
141 injured.
Unofficial reports of the casualtie
ran as high as 50 dead and mor
than 200 hurt_
To Motch #/|.95
Odd Coot. ^ p
EISEMAN’S—F at 7th
d -.' • .
g If your home is in need of
^•1 ond improvements, let a Perpetual loan Md y*Xi
s. | budget the cost over o period of time. No need
Iof cash and you can repay monthly to fit your
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building association I
eleventh AND E STB SETS, H. w
" America’t Lor test*
British Commander
In Palestine O.K/s
3 Death Sentences
ly Associated Press ,
JERUSALEM, July 8.—Lt. Gen.
G. H. R. MacMillan, commander
of British forces in the Holy
Land, today confirmed the death
sentences Imposed by a British
military court June 16 on three
young Jews convicted of partici
pating in the Acre Prison de
Gen. MacMillan also confirmed
life sentences which had been im
posed on two other Jews convicted
of participating in the delivery last
May 4, during which 251 prisoners
escaped and 16 persons were killed.
All five convicted men * were al
legedly members of Irgun Zvai Leu
mi, Jewish underground organiza
Relatives of the condemned men
previously had appealed to the
United Nations Commission on
Palestine to intervene in their be
half. The appeals were relayed tc
the British by the commission with
a resolution expressing anxiety less
execution of the death sentences
create disturbances in Palestine
which might Interfere with the com
mission’s work.
Reprisals Threatened.
Ireun Zvai Leumi has threatened
“blood-for-biood" reprisals for the
execution of any of its members.
Advised of Gen. MacMillan's ac
tion. Emil Sandstroem, chairman of
the U. N. Commission, refused com
ment. pointing out that the case
still must go before the Palestine
high commissioner.
“It Is not definite that they'll be
hanged." he said.
The three Jews under sentence of
death are Yacoub Weiss. 23, laborer:
Absalom Harib, 20. clerk, and Meier
iNaker, 21, shoemaker.
Those sentenced to life imprison
' ment were Ammon Michaelov and
Naham Ziterbaum.
! The sentences were Imposed on
I the same day that the 11-man
| United Nations Commission began
! its on-the-spot, inquiry into the
Holy Land problem. The commis
Ision resolution expressing concern
over possible “unfavorable repercus
sions" was adopted on June 22, with
the Australian member opposing the
measure and Yugoslavia abstaining.
Palestine Government Replied.
Publication of the resolution,
; which was transmitted to U. N. Sec
retary General Trygve Lie for relay
to the British, brought from the
Palestine government an immediate
reply that discussion was out of
order at that time because the sen
tences had not been confirmed and
the case wax still in legal process.
| The British government later
handed Mr. Lie a similar communi
cation, .saying it had noted the con
tents of the resolution and pointing
out it still was within the power of
Gen. Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham,
British high commissioner for Pales
tine, to pardon the condemned men.
Edith Weiss, sister of one of the
condemned trio, arrived here from
Czechoslovakia by plane yesterday
and visited her brother in Acre
Prison last night. She planned to
appeal personally today to Karel
Lisicky, Czechoslovak member of the
U. N. Commission, to intervene in
Weiss’ behalf.
Members of the U. N. Commission
privately termed the situation “very
1 unfortunate,” but said the group
i probably would be “very cautious’
I about taking any action.
I “It's a clumsy decision coming at
a very awkward time," one mem
ber said.
Weizmann for Partition.
Meanwhile, Dr. Chaim Weizmann
former president of the World Zion
j 1st organization, told the United
Nations Palestine commission today
he was “convinced that partition
was the solution to the Palestine
Problem because it was “final.’’
Dr. Weizmann declared that “all
1 parties are tired of perpetual ten
sion and friction and want a solu
tion in which relations can be
“I am convinced that partition
in spite of its difficulties, in spite ol
the great sacrifice it means to us. if
such a solution because it is final,'
i Dr. Weizmann said.
He asserted that temporarj
makeshifts * * * will merely pro
long the present agony."
Arrest of 105 Jews
In Italy Reported
ROME, July 8 The It.aliar
i news agency Ansa reported toda;
from Bolzano the arrest of 105 Jew:
said to have crossed the Italian
Austrian frontier illegally. Th<
agency said the Jews told authorities
they were trying to get to Palestine
South Africa Seeks Safety
“Keep death off the roads,” i:
the slogan of a \100,000 govern
ment-flnanced publicity campaigr
■ in South Africa, now being con
> ducted in newspapers, posters, thea
. ters and radio for a six-montl
. | period.
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Reports From Experts Lend
More Serious View to'Discs’
The Army Air Forces, realizing it
is "the No. J suspect" in the "flying
saucer" mystery, today assigned in
vestigators to sift a mass of con
flicting information from all over
the country.
Specific reports from scientists
and trained airmen lent a more
serious view to the situation than
merely that the Nation was suffer
ing a touch of mid-summer madness
accompanied by spots before the
AAF intelligence officers assigned
to correlate tjhe more specific re
ports. including that of a Naval Re
search Laboratory employe, include
at least one officer who investigated
statements of military airmen that
circular "foo fighters” were seen over
Europe and on the bombing route
to Japan during World War II.
The Navy employe. C. J. Zohn, said
he saw one of the mystifying discs on
a recent Navy mission to New
Mexico in connection with rocket
research. Both the Navy and the
Army, however, deny that any secret
projects are under way of a nature
to produce the objects described.
Mr. Zohn had gone to the South
west for V-2 rocket tests, and was
crossing the desert with three other
men, two of them scientists, when
he saw a “bright and silvery” disc
with no projections traveling north
at an altitude of some 10.000 feet.
• It was clearly nsime ac nrsi, mr.
I Zohn said, "and suddenly it wasn't
there.” He was sure at the time the
object was-not a meteor. Mr. Zohn,
who is stationed at the Naval Re
search Laboratory here, and lives
at 440 Mellon street S.E.. did not
discount the possibility the object
was a guided missile, although un
like any he had ever heard of be
Intelligence Officer* on Case.
An AAF spokesman said today
that intelligence officers now are
1 working on the case. For 10 days,
he added, the AAF has been receiv
ing reports from civilian sources of
circular discs moving through the
air at various altitudes and speeds.
Nothing definite has been received
to date from military pilots, he
said, although their general orders
call for “spot" reports on any un
1 usual occurrence seen in flight.
AAF pilots even report serious
automobile accidents they may ob
serve from the air, it was pointed
| out.
i The AAF, like the Navy, said “no
| such phenomena can be explained
i by experiments" now in progress.
I It was reported that intelligence
!officers never have obtained a satis
factory explanation of reports of
Fort Stevens Post Backs
Walker for Commander
At the regular meeting of Fort
! Stevens Post, No. 32, Past Comdr.
I Joseph A. Walker, sr., was indorsed
for the office of commander, De
i partment of the District of Colum
bia. the American Legion, which
office will be filled at the 29th an
i nual convention later this month.
Mr. Walker has been active in the
'depaitment and in Fort Stevens
Post for 14 years, serving in many
capacities and as commander of the
post In 1943. He has initiated nu
merous programs in the post and
also in the department, particularly
i in Americanism activities.
The campaign will be directed by
a special committee of the post and
will include Past Comdrs. Bernard
F. Darnell, George W. Phillips, Luck
tioiaDerg ana wirarjuts u. v<*i
nco, W. H. Jones, E. L. Potter, James
R. Quade and others.
Marshall Plan
I (Continued From First Page.)
’ slavia would be glad to accept
; American credits but “’prefer to
have relations directly with creditors
if possible and without interme
Prior to the Tass reports, some
Paris sources had predicted in view
of the news from Prague that nearly
all Slav states would accept their
conference invitations, perhaps
under specified conditions or with
certain reservations.
The Hungarian government, r
trustworthy Budapest informan,
said, was scheduled to consider to
iday a petition drawn up by some
members seeking the consent of the
Allied Control Council to Hungary’s
taking part in the conference,
Britain. France and Russia are rep
\ resented on this council, but only
Russia has a vote.
350,000,000 Europeans
Need Aid, Sforza Says
ROME, July 8 (iPt.—Italian For
eign Minister Carlo Sforea was re
: *►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦•*
♦ floor :
♦ Kennedy Fl**r It Til* C*. ♦
♦ RA. 45^46 **■ ♦
flying silver balls and discs fron
bomber and fighter airmen ove:
Nazi-occupied Europe in the wlntei
Of 1944-45.
Later, the crewmen of B-29s or
bombing runs to Japan reportec
seeing somewhat similar objects
Written statements were taken frorr
all military observers, but theii
stories did not agree in any signifi
cant aspects, it was said.
It was never known whether the
men had seen some misleading re
flection, an electrical phenomenon,
or man-made guided missies, sent
up, possibly, to baffle radio or radar
May Have Been Jet Fighters.
A military airman here today ad
vanced the theory that reports of
flying discs over nearby Maryland
Sunday afternoon might have been
due to four jet fighters which
cruised the area in formation.
Near the horizon, or at a flat
angle, he said, an untrained ob
server might believe they were look
ing at. a flat, circular object. The
noise of the jets, like that reported
by a Wman in Hagerstown. Md.,
resemble the sound of a “faraway
Meanwhile, the "flying saucer"
iag reeled on elsewhere, the Asso
ciated Press reported. Stiff necks
and goggle eyes were the order of
the day. Sky watching was a new
41 states Join Disc Brigade.
Tabulators figured 41 States had
joined the disc brigade since the
objects first were reported June 25.
Explanations? Take your choice:
They were radio-controlled flying
missiles sent aloft by United States
scientists, or they were merely light
reflected on wing tanks of jet-pro
pelled planes.
The World Tnventors’ Congress
posted $1,000 for delivery of a fly
ing disc to the exposition which
opens in Los Angeles Friday.
Could they be spotted by radar?
A spokesman for the AAF said
here that no attempt had been made
to spot the spinning, flying, whirl
ing, stationary discs because there
was not enough equipment to blan
ket the Nation.
Lt. Col. Harry W. Schaefer of the
Wisconsin Civil Air Patrol an
nounced in Milwaukee hie group
planned to conduct a series of mass
flights in hopes of learning some
thing about the flying objects.
Searching for an answer, Caspar
W. Ooms, United States patent
[commissioner, said he aid not think
! any of the 3.000.000 patents on file
in his office held the explanation
to the saucers.
ported today to have estimated at
350,000,000 the number of Euro
peans in need of aid under the
Marshall recovery plan.
• Best available sources give
'Europe's population, not count
ing Russia, as 404,222.840.1
Mr. Sforza spoke last night at the
first meeting of a 14-man inter
ministerial committee to study
Italy's role in European reconstruc
tion under the plan.
Unofficial accounts said he made
his estimate in speaking of the lob
before the committee. He was re
ported also to have held that Italy's
most valuable contribution to con
tinental recovery could be Italian
Over last week end. Communist
Party Leader Palmiro Togliatti and
Communist Assembly President
Umberto Terracini made statements
indicating that Italian communism
was not unalterably opposed to par
ticipation in the Marshall plan.
This appeared to give Italy a solid
footing on the matter seeminelv
lacking in some countries with
strong Communist parties.
Fenwick to Open Series
Of Radio Talks Tonight
Charles R. Fenwick, candidate for
the Democratic nomination for the
Virginia Senate will give the first, of
a series of five radio talks over sta
tion WARL, Arlington, at 8:12
i o’clock tonight. He will discuss his
record as a member of the House of
Delegates and his platform.
] Greece for Plebiscite
In Northern Epirus,
Meeting Here Told
Greek Premier Demetrios Maxi
mos wants the people of Norther:
Epirus to decide their own futur
with a free plebiscite, Photis Kyrit
sis of Boston, supreme president o
the Panepirotic Federation of Amer'
ica. said today in his report to th<
fifth annua] meeting of the federa
tion here.
The federation convention, which
opened yesterday and closes tomor
row. is meeting at the Statler Hotel.
The federation is composed of more
than 30.000 persons born in North
ern Epirus who are now American
citizens. The territory, part of
Greece until taken over by Albania
during World War I, is the subject
of a dispute between the two coun
Mr. Kyritsis and Senator Mc
Grath, Democrat, of Rhode Island
will speak on the Northern Epirus
14ucm1.il/11 at ui u lUIUglU Ovtr
Radio Station WWDC.
A special session of Congress to
consider the Marshall plan for the
economic rehabilitation of Europe
may be called. Representative Mer
row. Republican, of New Hampshire,
said in a statement issued by the
federation today.
Asserting the Marshall plan will
supplement the Truman doctrine of
aid to Greece and Turkey as a first
step in a realistic foreign policy.
Representative Merrow declared its
support is essential to prevent a
third world war.
Senators Aiken, Republican, of
Vermont and Pepper. Democrat, of
Florida spoke last night at a dinner
of the federation at the Statler
Hotel. Harris J. Booras, supreme
president of Ahepa and president of
the National Justice for Greece
Committee, presided.
Ten Publishing Executives
Leave Today on Japan Trip
By th« Associated Pros*
A group of 10 newspaper and mag
azine executives, invited by Secre
tary of War Patterson to make a
personal survey of occupation prob
lems in Japan and Korea, will leave
Washington today.
The party will fly by way of
Hawaii, Kwajalein and Guam and
, is scheduled to reach Tokyo about
I July 13. It will be gone for about
32 days.
| The department said those ac
cepting invitations to make the
| trip included:
James Packman, managing editor
Milwaukee Sentinel; Hamilton
Owens, editor in chief Baltimore
;5un; Sidney r. Harris. co-puDUsner
jof ft chain of Kansas and Iowa pa
pers; Lee Hills, managing editor
Miami Herald; Marshall N. Dana,
editor Portland 'Oreg.i Journal:
Lee F. Payne, editor'Los Angeles
News; Earl Johnson, vice president
and general news manager United
Press; Walker Stone, Washington
editor of Scripps-Howard Newspaper
Alliance; Wright Bryan, editor At
lanta Journal, and William Chenery,
publisher Colliers Magazine.
Juggler Telegraphs
Truman Saucers Are
: His,'Out of Hand'
President Truman received a
I new explanation of the "flying
j saucers" mystery today.
A professional juggler on the
i West Coast telegraphed the
j President that the "saucers" re*
ported flying around all over
| the country were some of his
that, "just got out of hand"
j while he was practicing. He
! spid he didn't realize he was
throwing them so high.
White House Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross told reporters
of the telegram, but said the
Juggler had asked that his
| name not be made public—pre
sumably out of embarrassment.
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