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With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, 0. C. Published by Th« Evening Star Newspaper Company. FRANK B. NOYES, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Av*. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 East 42d St. CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 North Michigan Av*. Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Daily & Sunday. Daily Only. Sunday Only. Monthly 90c* 65c 10c Per Copy Weekly . _ _25c 15c 10c Per Copy *10c additional when 5 Sundays are in a month. Also 10c additional for Night Final Edition in those section* where delivery it made. Rate* by Mail—Payable in Advance. Anywhere in United States. 1 month. 6 month*. 1 year. Evening and Sunday_$1.25 $6.00 $12.00 The Evening Star_ .75 4.00 8.00 The Sunday Star_ .50 2.50 5.00 Telephone NAtional 5000. Entered at the Post Office, Washington, D. C.# as second-class mail matter. Member eff the Associated Prett. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use ♦or republication of oil the local news printed in this ntwipapvr, as w*u as an a. r. nww» A—» TUESDAY, July », 1947 It Should Be Wiped Off We should recognize this “improved” District personal income tax for what it is—a political shenanigan. It is unsup ported by logic or fairness. It contains a cheap little device for tax dodging that should be beneath the dignity of the United States Congress. It is even un moral. But it has been approved and for the time being we must take it. The tax is levied to meet the expense of municipal government. Everybody who benefits from the services rendered by this government should pay the tax. That is fundamental. But this tax is drawn up on selfish, political lines. It discriminates as between those on the public payroll and those whose taxes go to pay their salaries. Suppose we take three examples. The three examples relate to citizens in identi cal circumstances, in so far as their actual residence in Washington is concerned. Example No. 1 is the Washingtonian, claiming domicile nowhere else. He pays the tax. Example No. 2 is a Government employe. Though living here, he claims domicile in one-of the States. Such a claim may be necessary to hold his job under the ap portionment-of-offices law. He may come from a State which levies a personal in come tax or he may come from one of the States which do not. It makes no differ ence. Because he is on the Government pay roll, he is exempt from the District tax. Example No. 3 is a man who works for himself, or for a private employer. He also claims domicile in one of the States, like his brother, the Government worker. If the State has no income tax, he will pay the tax here. If the State does have one, that State—not the community which educates his children, furnishes him with fire and police protection, removes his trash, etc.—collects the tax on his income received in the District nf Dnlumhin As originally approved by the House, the O’Hara amendment establishing these dis criminations and distortions was not clear in its phraseology. The wording has been improved, but the amendment is as bad as ever. It places an impossible job on the tax assessor. It invites all sorts of tax dodging. It is impractical and unprincipled. Senator Cain of Washington Is preparing a bill to remove this tax from the books. It ought to be removed. A law of this sort is an iniquitous abuse of its power by Congress. It exercises a demoralizing influence on honest government. It is so cynical in its Implications that self respecting members of Congress should disavow it at the first opportunity. It Is impossible to get the House to approve a fair or really productive District tax on personal incomes. Some other way of raising the money must be found. Compromise in Morocco? In the vexatious problem of French North Africa, Morocco plays a potentially dominant role. This extensive country, the “Far West” of the Moslem world, fronting on both the Mediterranean and the Atlan tic, is historically the most important and the most self-conscious portion of the immense band of territory lying between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. The Sultans of Morocco, claim ing descent from the Prophet Mohammed, enjoy spiritual prestige as well as political authority. Nevertheless, the empire of Morocco had so far fallen from its once high estate that, by the beginning of the present century, it was the object of rival Western imperial isms. France won out in the contest by a deal with Britain, both combined to freeze out German claims, and by 1912, Morocco became a French protectorate. To this, there were two exceptions: A relatively small zone along the Mediterranean which ao aooigncu w auu txxc oux ai^rgxeaiij Important district of Tangier, opposite Gibralter, which was made into a neutral ized enclave. Theoretically, the sover eignty of the Sultan was preserved over the entire country, but his power had been reduced to a shadow. Such was the situation down to the close of the late war, when the weakened power of France, combined with the stir ring of all the Arab lands, produced a ferment in Morocco as in other parts of North Africa. Some months ago, the Sultan of Morocco paid a visit to Tangier and there made a speech indorsing the pro gram of the Arab League for the recovery of virtual independence of all Arab lands from Western control. Thereafter, he re asserted his theoretical authority by refus ing to sign the decrees drafted by the French Resident General, thereby holding up the administration of the protectorate. In conjunction -with the current unrest In Algeria and Tunis, this produced a highly ticklish situation. To handle it, the French government sent to Morocco one of its ablest military men. General Alphonse Juin, with a special mission to re-establish co-operation with the Sultan by convincing him that an understanding with France was in his own best interest. Despite an originally cool reception, it appears evident that General Juin has been at least initially successful in his mission, because the Sultan has agreed to sign a series of decrees providing for increased Moorish participation in the adminlstra / k tion of Morocco, especially in its domestic concerns, while leaving foreign relations to the French authorities. If this agree ment sticks, it will alleviate the tension that has existed in Morocco during recent months and will likewise have a quieting influence in Algeria and Tunis. That would give France a breathing spell to try to handle the larger question of North Africa, on which the destiny of the French colonial empire so largely depends. Unless and Until 'if the world were as one right now, no effective argument could be raised against the twenty reputable Americans—most of them churchmen and educators—who have just denounced the President’s proposal for universal military training in America. They are for an end to all warlike things. They are for global disarmament. They are for an effective United Nations. They are for a reconstruction program that will raise the living standards of peoples every where. They are for a lasting peace—for everything that is good—and no one who believes in a creative civilization can deny that they are completely right in principle. But it is one thing to be right in prin nln! A A A. 4- A U A 4- J „ 4U . HtiUkUVi W WV 1 igli U AAA VAAV methods used to implement or promote the principle. In its recent report advocating universal military training, the President’s special commission on the subject espoused essentially the same fine objectives as those espoused by the twenty dissident Americans. But it also recognized certain harsh realities that the twenty seem to have dismissed as of little consequence. These realities are clear enough. The majority of nations are anxious to disarm, but Russia—notably in the case of the atom—has stubbornly blocked all progress to that end. Similarly, by repeated use of the veto, it has made it as difficult as possible for the United Nations to deal effectively with great issues. As for inter national reconstructions it has rejected the Marshall proposal in such a way as to make itself seem deliberately intent on creating two worlds politically and eco nomically aligned against each other. In sum, refusing to co-operate, seeking at every turn to expand its dominion, it has followed a lone-wolf course frustrating the will of the rest of the major powers to build a wholesome peace. It is because of this two-world prospect —because of Russia’s aloofness, Russia’s expansionist policy and Russia’s actual and potential strength—that the Presi dent’s commission has recommended uni versal military training. The proposal is only one of many that the United States will have to put into force as essential preparedness measures. Disarmament can not be unilateral; co-operation cannot be all “give” on one side and all “take” on the other; unless and until the Soviet Union makes up its mind to join with the whole of mankind in establishing a mutually enriching system of collective security, our __: 11 1___ 1_1__1_*A.__ iiuuiuii yyiu iiavt i/w mv navomui ui ii>o oiiuo. We can do this—we must do it—even as we work for an enduring peace. Indeed, by doing it and doing it well, we may speed up the day when such a course will no longer be necessary. Certainlyr not to do it, to let ourselves grow weak, would be merely to play into the hands of those who cultivate their military power and work against the very objectives advocated by the twenty Americans who do not want our youth made ready for any emergency. The twenty appear to believe that uni versal military training is outmoded in the atomic-age. This argument has a measure of appeal tn it, but it is a gross oversim plification that Army and Navy experts would be well advised to counter with a detailed explanation of just why trained men are as necessary as our fantastic new weapons. Of course, as the twenty declare, the world can find real security from now on only in the abolition of war itself. But until all nations join in working sincerely for that ideal, our guard—youth in readi ness, scientific development and kindred measures—cannot be let down without inviting catastrophe upon America and free lands everywhere. Unfortunate Misunderstanding It is too bad that a misunderstanding by Representative Buck of New York as to the attitude of the Civil Service Commis sion has caused a temporary delay in passage by the House of the bill to give widowed Gold Star mothers the same civil service benefits accorded widows of war heroes. This misunderstanding was a nat ural one, under the circumstances. When the bill first was before the House Civil Service Committee the Civil Service Commission entered a routine objection to it. This objection was in accordance with its long-fime policy of resisting any exceptions to the strict rules governing competition for Federal jobs through ex amination of applicants. On further con sideration, however, the commission last week-end decided it would be discrimina tory to bar widowed mothers of men killed or totally disabled in action from prefer ential treatment already granted widows or wives of such veterans. The notification + /-v tVwi AAmroif+on rtf fhic rovorcol r\f ctonrl apparently arrived too late to apprise all members of Congress of the action. The committee already has reported the measure unanimously to the House. The measure is so meritorious on its face that it is hard to see how any one can rea sonably object to it, now that the Civil Service Commission has withdrawn its opposition. It is to be hoped that when the measure next comes before the House, it will pass without further difficulty, and that the Senate will add its approval promptly. World Cruises by Air Now that the first commercial global cruise by air has been completed success fully, the curtain is rising on a new era of civil aviation progress that is certain to make the world smaller and smaller. When the Pan American World Airways’ clipper America landed at La Guardia Field this week, it brought to the United States the distinction of pioneering in the field of regular round-the-world airline operation. From now on the huge Constellations will wing their way around the earth weekly. If traffic warrants, the schedule may be stepped up. It is interesting to learn that, despite the recent depressing series of air crashes here and abroad, a heavy demand for reservations has been maintained. The X; cost, approximately $1,700 for the round trip, will be a deterrent to many who other wise would like to circumnavigate the globe by air. It is not surprising that commercial pas senger flights around the world have come so soon after the war, for the war had much to do with speeding up Inauguration of the service. The trail-blazing experience of our Army and Navy transport planes undoubtedly paved the way for early inauguration of peacetime global flying. Dependable air routes across oceans and islands and continents were opened under the stress of war, and invaluable knowledge was acquired concerning planes, weather and navigational problems. Much remains to be learned and done to improve relia bility, comfort and safety. Fortunately, the International Civil Aviation Organiza tion has begun to function in this general field. The prospects are that eventually aerial voyages around the earth will be come as popular and as commonplace as prewar cruises by sea. Record-Breaking Employment Prosperity is no longer Just around the corner. It is here, if precedent-shattering employment figures are a criterion. The United States Employment Service says that employment is higher and unemploy ment lower than ever before in the coun try’s history. In fact, if the present trend continues, the 1947 employment total will reach 59,300,000, which is more than a million workers higher than the best pre vious peak, in 1946. And the number of unemployed stands at only 1,900,000 per sons, an all-time low in peacetime. Factors contributing to the optimistic employment picture include the rising out put of manufactures since the war, an abnormally high consumer demand and an export business that is expected to increase as our aid to other nations is stepped up. It is predicted that our exports of goods and services this year will top twenty bil lions of dollars. This demand for goods at home and abroad is keeping the fac tories and other industrial plants working at full speed, and is sustaining the demand for labor to keep the wheels turning. How long this pleasant situation will continue is a matter for speculation by the economists. The estimates vary according to the varying views as to the soundness of present governmental policies and pro grams. President Truman, in vetoing the tax bill, said he could foresee no signs of a recession, provided inflationary influ ences could be kept in check. An infla tionary boom, together with a European collapse for want of dollars, could bring quick disaster, of course, with its trail of unemployment and other woes. The unfortunate aspect of too much prosperity is that it tends sometimes to make people indifferent to the dangers of inflation. Bulging pocketbooks and an ever-increasing demand for goods can lead to price and wage spirals of threatening Imnnrf rTrh o rimrammonf the private citizen cannot afford to lose sight of the fact that in time of high employment, high wages and high prices, inflation, father than prosperity, may be lurking just around the corner, ready to advance if invited. This and That By Charles E. Tracewell. Weeds dropped by the birds offer amazingly interesting possibilities in the home garden. Ordinarily, weeds are frowned upon, but in dividual specimens may become high spots In the average planting. A poke weed, for instance, permitted to grow 1 year after year, turns into a veritable bower across the windows. ! Eight feet high, and at least that much wide, this specimen plant attracts the attention of all, with its great green branches and leaves. Later on, in the fall, the berries, famous in herbal lore, will offer sustenance to the migrat ing birds. Such weeds, here and there in a yard, must give the resident birds a feeling of being at home. * Wild berries of all kinds attract the birds, both the ones which remain here the year around and those which pass through. The place in which a few wild things are left standing is always good for the birds. There can be little question that they, too, share with mankind a feeling of being "at home” In a place. The animals understand this. Cats in a household resent too much change. By leaving the great burdock plant at the front steps, the householder not only gets an unusual specimen plant, but undoubtedly he gives the birds a “feel” that this is their sort j of place. Raspberry and blackberry bushes at the rear of the yard also aid in this. A standing of sun flowers is enough to make any bird feel at home in your garden. Many packings of wildbird seed, as it is called, contain various weeds, and also things that are in no sense weeds. Here, for instance, coming up not iar irom the bird feeding station, is some cow vetch. There are various vetches. It is interesting to get a book on plant identifications and try to make sure that this is, after all, cow vetch, not hairy vetch. There is a whole world of instruction and entertainment in the weeds. We are so used to using that word, weed, as if it meant some thing terrible. After all, what is a weed but a good healthy plant that knows how to grow? Many of them demand acid soil, that is why they ‘ take the place” when they happen to land in many a yard where there are too many trees. Queen Anne’s lace is another weed, often seen growing in vacant lots. The blossoms, in comparison with the best of our cultivated plants, seem rather coarse. Yet the whole effect is good, despite the greenish white of the flower heads. There still are many vacant lots, in and around Washington. Some people look upon them solely as sites for homes, but the in quiring mind can see them as plant museums. The poke root remains one of the most in teresting, wherever found. Its scientific name is phytolacca decandra. It is real American, with fleshy perennial root. The fruit is the deep purple berry often used by children to make ‘‘red ink.” The young shoots once wtere used as a sub stitute, but cannot be advised. Poultry eating them get purgative properties. The root, spiced, has been used as an adulterant for various drugs. Medical uses of this plant were many, in the old days, but today it has dropped out of the picture, although some use is still made of the berries in reducing. The best use, for the average person, is sim ply as an interesting, even historical, plant. Though its growth is a bit coarse, as common to most weeds, the poke root is picturesque, especially after it becomes three years old. Then its vitality, its fresh green, is in de cided contrast with faded evergreens around most homes of today. Weeds, one may feel convinced, are dear to nature, she takes such good care of them, giving them vigor and freshness even in the driest situations. * Letters to The Star Those Flying Discs and DDT Bring Questions as Well as Warnings From Readers A V MIC auikUl VI A lie . I am not a scientist, just an average person, but intensely interested in all phenomena. I have read and heard so much about flying discs and I wonder if you may add my ideas to those you have have already collected. Some weeks ago we had some freak weather — out of-season snow storms and a great drop in temperature in various parts of the country. Shortly after that a very interesting article appeared in The Star on some scientific dis covery of cold air “piling up’’ in the Arctic—or it might have been the Antarctic. I cut the article out of the paper and mailed it to a friend Interested in such phenomena, so I don’t recall all the details. Anyway, it was the “piling up" of cold air and there seemed to be a limit to this “piling up” and beyond that the excess of cold air was carried away by air currents and might have been responsible for some of that freak weather. It seems the greatest number of those “flying discs” are seen in the Northwest. Might it be possible they could be the result of the con tinued progress of the phenomenon of the "piling up” process in the Arctic? Admiral Byrd's expedition also noticed strange happenings in the Antarctic. ETTA M. ZEH. Cashing Terminal Leave Bonds To the Editor of The St»r: For many years an avid reader of The Star’s objective and thought-provoking editorial columns, I was, indeed, disappointed to find in your recent editorial, “On the Veterans’ Bandwagon," a most misleading commentary on the pending proposal to cash the terminal leave bonds now in the hands of millions of veterans and servicemen. First, The Star errs in characterizing the proposal to cash the bonds as “out of harmony" with the Republican economy drive. The two billion dollars Involved is already part of the public debt, the money having been appropri ated during the Seventy-ninth Congress. Actu ally then the cashing of the bonds represents a retiring of the public debt to the extent of two billion dollars. Second, The Star is guilty of an unhappy play on words in referring to the proposal to cash the bonds (and incidentally save the United States $60,000,000 a year in Interest) as a “cash handout to veterans." When the undersigned was separated from the Marine Corps he continued to draw pay and allow ances for over two months while seeking a niche in civilian society. In so doing, he was utilizing leave—earned but not taken during his active service. Surely, The Star on proper reflection would not accuse the former enlisted man, seeking the same treatment, of asking for a “handout” from his Government. Does The Star deny the existence of such an injus tice or inequality? If so, then it is guilty of the lack of courage that it unjustly attributes to the Congress. The editorial writer can be forgiven his faulty reasoning, but the apparent bad faith displayed by his crude Innuendo is unpardonable and surely not worthy of The Star. 0 Third, The Star knowingly—seeking its point like a Sherman tank rumbling through a child’s nursery—overestimates the influence of veter ans’ organizations when it infers that the terminal leave proposal is being bludgeoned through the Congress because “the wishes of the veterans’ groups are not to be lightly dls Knnnv/lnrl ” WitVl all HllO rOCnOhf fit thb ans of Foreign Wars which pioneered the orig inal terminal leave bill and later sponsored H.R. 2, Eightieth Congress, for the cashing of • the bonds, the injustice sought to be corrected was so manifest that any fair-minded group would have brought about the same end. As to the “wishes of veterans’ groups • • • not * * * lightly disregarded’’ The Star has but to peruse the VFW-sponsored bills pigeon holed by the House leadership to find, instead of their wishes not being lightly disregarded, an almost reckless disregard of those wishes. Has The Star heard of the scuttling of the Veterans’ Emergency Housing Program, the wrecking of the on-the-job training program, ‘the weakening of the loan provisions of the GI Eill of Rights through curtailing RFC sec ondary mortgage authority and numerous other mandates of this and other veterans’ groups? The Veterans of Foreign Wars, I am sure, appreciates the compliment, but The Star in drawing its editorial conclusions is bound to a more Jealous regard for the soundness of its premises. JOHN C. WILLIAMSON, Assistant director, Veterans of Foreign Wars. To the Editor of The Star: Your editorial on cashing of enlisted men’s terminal leave bonds contained an erroneous | implication, which I assume was unintentional, i At least I must give your editorial writer the benefit of the doubt in assuming that he did not know the facts when he implied that terminal leave pay should correctly be called a bonus. For his benefit, and for others who may be suffering under a similar delusion, let me point out that terminal leave pay, far from being a bonus, is hard-earned money. In the armed services, as in any Government service, each person is entitled to a month’s | annual leave. During the war, and especially i overseas, It was Impossible to obtain all this ! leave, and certainly nobody expected it. ' The injustice of the situation came about this way. Under the regulations, an officer was allowed to accumulate this unused leave, year i after year, and, like all Government employes, was paid in cash for this time when he left I the service. The enlisted man, on the other hand, was not allowed to accumulate this time. Whatever leave time he was unable to get in one year was forfeited, and he started all over again the next year. The natural resentment against this state of — , _i_i. _ j ,.AA~ in /»rm trr ACsInTlAl tmauo i/uiuuiiwvvu »wwv j --- — - " action to rectify it, resulting in the Armed Forces Leave Act of 1946, which arranged to pay former enlisted men, in five-year bonds, for the leave time to which they were entitled but never received. Does this add up to you as something that could be called—or even hinted at being—a bonus? As to your reason for contending editorially that the bonds should not be made cashable at the present time, I will say that these are at least honest arguments, even though I thor oughly disagree with them. In the interests of brevity, I will make only one point in this connection: As a former enlisted man I had no chance to build up any cash reserve during the war. If my wife takes sick this year, will the hospital accept, in lieu of payment, the knowledge that I hold a $325, non-negotiable, non-transferrable terminal leave bond, which will mature In August., 1950? RALPH L. BOYCE. To tEe Kdilor of The Star: Permit me to register a protest to your edi torial entitled "On the Veterans’ Bandwagon.” ' Y t Letters for publication must bear the signature and address of the writer, although it is permissible for a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. In this editorial you strongly intimated that terminal leave pay was “bonus legislation,” and called it a “two billion dollar cash handout to veterans.” The recipients of most of this money are men Who spent many months overseas, as other service personnel used the greater part of their leave. Army regulations provided leave. for soldiers at the rate of 30 days a year, approxi mating the leave provision for Federal em ployes. The Army also had a plan to return soldiers in combat areas overseas after 18 months for a furlough. I need not say how much we looked forward to the furlough—it meant fresh food instead of food out of cans day in and day out; it meant fresh, cold milk Instead of hot, chlorinated water; it meant a tnouaana amerent little things, we wanted to use our leave time; not get paid for it. But the Army plan bogged down. The supply lines were so long they couldn’t return all of us after 18 months. So 18 months turned into 30 months, or 36 months, or 40 months in indi vidual cases. We never got that furlough. Congress has given us bonds for our unused leave time. Call it "bonus legislation”—call it a “hand out” if you like, but only a person with the philosophy of a Micawber can say we are not entitled to it. L. W. BROWN. Spencerville, Md. Editor’s Note: The Star’s editorial did not discuss the merits of the terminal leave bond program, but supported the Treasury’s opposi tion to redeeming two billions of dollars worth of the bonds now, Instead of waiting for them to mature. DDT a Threat to Pets To tR» Editor ol The Star: The danger to birds, squirrels and pet ani mals of spraying Montgomery County with a solution of DDT and other chemicals has not been sufficiently stressed, I feel, and I was glad to read in Charles Trace well's column the statement, “While many claims have been made of the harmless - ness to birds of DDT and other high powered ma terials, there still are many observers who take all such claims with the proverbial grain of salt. They feel certain, at least as far as their observations go, that no one has yet actually determined the effects of. such sprays on birds and small animals.” Let us beware of this new powerful drug. I ; heard one man declare that he would not think of using any flea powder on his dog containing DDT. A certain solution with DDT In it bears this warning: “Avoid excessive inhalation and skin contact. Do not use on household pets or humans. Even though a spray does not Kill birds, squirrels, dogs, cats and other animals, it might make them ill or blind. I hope that the wholesale spraying of Montgomery County has been indefinitely postponed. MRS. H. D. ALBIN, Secretary, Animal Protective Association. More Light on WCTU Bill To th« Editor of The St»r: You recently took occasion to editorialize in opposition to H.R. 1179, which would author ize appropriation of $5,000 to help defray the expense of entertaining foreign guests attend ing the World Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, which met at Asbury Park, N. J., in June. It occurs to me that you might like to view some additional information on this subject. I am therefore inclosing reports of the House and Senate Committees together with a state ment I made at the time the bill was reached on the calendar for action. The favorable report from the Senate Committee on Foreign ( Relations carries the following paragraph: “During the consideration of the bill by the Foreign Relations Committee, it was pointed out that in 1936 an appropriation of $10,000 was authorized by the Seventy-fourth Con gress to aid in defraying the expenses of the sixteenth triennial convention of the World’s Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. A similar act authorized an appropriation of $10,000 for expenses for the meeting of the Associated Country Women of the World in the United 8tates in 1936. Ample precedent, therefore, exists for the proposed legislation." H. R. 1179 would authorize a sum which is but 50 per cent of the money appropriated for a similar purpose in 1936. This, I think, is in keeping with the present effort for economy. It seems to me that the custom of defraying expenses of entertaining foreign guests who come to this country tor world and interna tional conventions is well established. In addi tion to the two precedents referred to in the favorable report from the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, I would like to invite your attention also to H.J. Res. 209 in the Sixth-ninth Congress, which became Public Resolution 24, and authorized $5,000 for the Seventh International Dental Congress, and to S. J. Res. 31 in the Seventieth Congress which became Public Resolution 18 and authorized $25,000 for the Permanent International Asso ciation of Road Congresses. The World WCTU is an organization which j includes membership in 55 nations-, and j the seventeenth triennial convention i» the first world meeting since World War II. Many delegates were in attendance from abroad, and the extension of all possible courtesies would seem to give a real means of promoting good will and friendship among the nations of the world. Possibly there are those who feel it neces sary that I should mention that the WCTU is not solely interested in fighting the traffic of alcoholic liquors. Other of their goals are the limitation of opium to medical and scien tific purposes, and the protection and welfare of women and children everywhere. I am still hoping the Senate will adopt this bill, which already passed the House although opposition from certain quarters apparently still exists. ARTHUR CAPPER. Qualities and Rewards To the Xdltor of The Star: I have read carefully the President’s address to the 38th annual conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, as reported in The Star as of June 30 and I find that among the rhetorical chaff of most public speeches there often is a golden grain of the blessed truth and that this is a case in point. President Truman said: "Each man must be guaranteed equality of opportunity. The only limit to an American’s achievement should be his ability, his Industry and his character. The rewards for his effort should be determined by these truly relevant qualities.” No able-bodied adult has the right to ex pect more! LAURA K. POLLOCK. i The Political Mill Southern Senators Reply To Wallace on /Purge/ Critics See Ex-Vice President Planning Comeback on Ticket By Gould Lincoln Henry Wallace, writing as editor of the New Republic, proposes that President Tfuman undertake a “purge” of "reactionary" South ern Democrats in Congress. "Labor's spokesmen,” he writes, "should call on the President to demonstrate the sincerity of his veto (of the Taft-Hartley labor bill) by taking the leadership now to change the re actionary character of the Democratic Party in most Southern States.” “No wonder,” commented Senator Harry Flood Byrd of Virginia, “Mr. Wallace wants to purge the Democratic leadership of the South. Didn’t it purge Mr. Wallace in 1944, when he wanted to be renominated Vice Presi dent? A Democratic convention in my own State of Virginia took the unprecedented step of adopting, unanimously, a resolution instruct ing the State delegation in the Democratic Na tional Convention to do its utmost to prevent Wallace’s renomination for the office he then held—Vice President.” Senator Millard Tydlngs of Maryland, who was an object of the attempted Roosevelt “puige” in 1938, because he had opposed the late President's Supreme Court packing bill and otherwise offended the New Deal ad ministration, accused Mr. Wallace of being a political opportunist, whose convictions have 1 shallow roots.” Excerpt From Article. | In his New Republic article, Mr. Wallace ! writes: “In 1945, James Byrnes, Harry Tru- * man and I were together before Roosevelt's funeral. I mentioned that the one outstand ing political disagreement I had with Roose velt was over the 1938 purge attempt, and that while I had felt I was right In ques tioning its feasibility at the time, I was be ginning to feel that he had been right and ^ that the issue was one which could not be avoided. Byrnes and Truman both believed that the purge was a mistake and that I had been right to oppose it. The 1938 situation is debatable. Roosevelt may have been pre mature. But there is no question about 1947. The forces of liberalism In the South have grown. The Democratic Party’s very existence is threatened. Truman, as its head, must use the growing liberal forces to replace those which have continually supported reaction.” Said Senator Tydlngs: “Mr. Wallace says the purge campaign conducted by Roosevelt In 1938 was a mistake. Later on in the article he says that question is now debatable. Aside from showing the shallow roots of Mr. Wal lace’s convictions, he says by Inference that the methods of dictatorship, if they tend to accomplish the at-the-moment beliefs of Mr. Wallace, are justifiable. And yet here Is a man who many of his followers say, and who he himself believes, is a liberal. “A brief reading of Mr. Wallace’s article shows it presents him as an intolerant man, not averse to the technique and mechanics of the dictator. Mr. Wallace seems ever ready to 'untie the churlish knot’ of dictatorship, in order that the unraveled strings may aid his patented brands of what he likes to think is liberalism. “Any man who would embrace the mechanics and technique of dictatorship marries the shrew of ‘the end justifies the means.’ Mr. Wallace’s article indicates Vie would he hnnnv living with such a spouse.” Attitude Expected. The attitude of Senators Byrd and Tydings toward Mr. Wallace and his proposed cure for the ills of the Democratic Party is not unex pected. They have never had any use for Mr. Wallace. Naturally they resent his assertion that the only way to save the Democratic Party is to turn the leadership in the Southern States over to New' Deal Democrats—or to Democrats other than those now in control. Another Democratic Senator from the South, w'ho did not wish to be quoted but 1 who feels as strongly in opposition to Mr. Wallace, said that the Southern Democrats In Congress had been helping to keep the party alive in the days when Mr. Wallace was him self voting the Republican ticket. “If it had not been for the Democrats of , the South, the party would have folded up years ago,” he commented. “Now this new comer seeks to eliminate the leadership of the party in the States of the South.” i Mr. Wallace, in his article, again threatens the Truman administration and the leaders In Congress with a new third party, organized by labor, if the administration dots not yield to the dictates of Mr. Wallace and the labor leaders. It begins to look as though Mr. Wal lace will have to go through with his third party proposal when 1948 rolls around. Some of his Democratic critics are saving that Mr. Wallace apparently is seeking to stage a comeback, even to the extern of demanding and receiving a Democratic nomination for Vice President with Mr. Truman at the head of the ticket. Questions and Answers A reader can obtain the answer to any Question of fact by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau. :!18 I street N.E.. Washington C. D C. Please Inclose three t.'i) cents for return postage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE Q. What is the highest wind speed in a hur ricane?—P. M. M. j A. Meteorologists believe that the gusts of the hurricane represent air movements for brief intervals that may be as high as 250 miles per hour In the most violent storms. Q. When did it first become an offense to make a copy of a naturalization certificate?— M F K. A. The first legislation making it an offense to make a copy of a certificate of naturalization was the Act of March 4. 1909 (35 Stat. 1102). Q. What is copra used for?—I. M. D. A. Copra, the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, is valued especially for the oil it yields, which is used in the manufacture of candles and soap. The coconut-stearin or cake, which remains after the oil tias been removed from the dried kernel, is used for fodder and manure in much the same manner as cottonseed oil cake. The Voice at Evening Over the marshland now a curlew's crying; Along the beach the dusky doves are flying; Seaward the ebbtide dredges with its foam; Evening is calling all her wanderers home. From the far sea the fishermen return; Gladly the laborer sees his home-light burn; ,„ “ From strident marts of trade, half-mad with might, Myriads escape before the fall of night» "Come home!” a Voice is calling to them all,— A tender Voice that thrills the evenfaU, To many a lonely heart, where’er it roam, The Voice of Love is calling, "Home, come home!” O life, what richer gift is in your power Than to set home doors wide at twilight’s hour? God pity them for whom no home-voice calls, Whose hearts are homeless as the evening falls. ARCHIBALD RUTLEDGE.