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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 13, 1947, Image 2

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: Czechs and Russians
i
■ Sign Pact to Exchange
; Food and Machinery
By tm Associated Press
•’ PRAGUE. July 12.—Czechoslov
! *kia and Russia announced tonight
; a five-year agreement exchanging
• Russian food for Czech machinery
1 and manufactured goods.
■ It was viewed as possibly setting
up a basis for an Eastern European
economy of barter for nations not
participating in the Marshall plan.
Informed sources said it seemed
likely here that Poland and other
Eastern European nations which
turned their backs on the Paris
Conference at a nod from Moscow
might have been offered similar in
creased trade pacts to make up for
the assistance they had hoped for
In the general European recovery
plan.
The Slav nations already are
bound together by trade alliances
but the new Czech - Russian pact
called for immediate and vast in
crease in exchansed eoods.
* Large Wheat Shipment.
A communique announcing the
agreement said that in 1948 Czecho
slovakia was to receive from Russia
200.000 tons of wheat, 200,000 tons
of fodder and rhaize, 65.000 tons
of potassium and sodium fertilizers,
20.000 tons of cotton and unspecified
^quantities of oil, seeds, peas, lentils,
phosphates, wool and iron, manga
nese and chromium ores.
1 The amount of wheat alone ex
ceeds the-, 151,000 total tons of food
exported from the United States to
.Czechoslovakia in the year ending
-last June 30, according to figures
Released a week ago in Washington
«4>.v President Truman.
« In return, Czechoslovakia will
3*end Russia rails, engines and other
-railway equipment, pipelines for oil
^industry, equipment for use in set
-ting up shoe and sugar factories,
^hemming machines, electric motors,
^dredging equipment, motor vehicles,
o* power station, sugar, shoes, tex
tiles and breeding cattle.
> The amounts Czechoslovakia must
Jaend were not disclosed.
* The communique said that a
impermanent and continual” ex
change of goods was envisioned.
* Important Policy Discussions.
« “Both governments therefore
preached agreement about the mu
tual deliveries of goods for five
Zyears,” it said. “The agreement is
^signed on the basis of firm commit
tments of goods which must be fixed
“in advance each year. Commit
tments for 1948 are fixed by the
'signing of this treaty. At the same
time, approximate commitments
must be fixed wherever possibile
for the whole five years.”
It added that the Czech and So
viet representatives in Moscow dis
cussed ‘‘important questions of for
eign policy and especially relations
of the U. S. S. R. and Czechslo
vakia.”
The agreement met little surprise
here. The strengthening of trade
pacts with the Soviet Union had
been the reason given by Premier
Klement Gottwald and Foreign
Minister Jan Masaryk for their trip
to Moscow this week, the trip from’
which Mr Gottwald telephoned back
word that the government must
withdraw immediately its accept
ance of the British-French invita
tion to the Paris conference.
Mr. Gottwald announced the new
economic treaty in a brief radio
speech 30 minutes aft?r returning
from Moscow.
Mr. Gottwald said the results of
the Moscow trip were V "great vic
tory” and that the visit had shown
“what a great help the friendship
of the Soviet Union is both from the
standpoint of our security and our
economy.”
Farmhand Admits Hurling
Kerosene on Fire Victim
By th« Associated Press
HARRISVILLE, W. Va„ July 12 —
Prosecutor Harry Moats said today
Howard Clayton, 38-year-old farm
worker, admitted drenching his em
ployer's wife with kerosene as she
!battled to save herself and three
Children in their burhing home.
■ Mr. Moats said Clayton made the
! admission orally after prolonged
‘questioning. The victim, Mrs. John
.Stackhouse, 30, was reported critical
',at a, Parkersburg, W. Va., hospital.
• She told police when she awoke
Around 5 A.m. yesterday her home
was ablaze and a man s hands were
about her throat. She broke free,
^he added, but her assailant tossed
kerosene over her nightgown and
pushed her into the flames.
■ Deloris Stackhouse, 8, though se
verely burned, ran for help, Sheriff
yiohn Lowther reported. Another
child. Wilma, seven months old,
buffered slight burns, while Virginia,
6, escaped uninjured.
Mrs. Stackhouses husband had
bone to work on a farm 20 miles
away. The house burned to the
ground.
- -' _ —i
• Readers (juide
I Sunday', July 13, 1947.
SECTION A.
General News, Financial.
Lost. Found. Page A-3
Jessie Fant Evans. Page A-15
Where to Go. Page A-15
Obituary. Page A-20
Financial. Pages A-21-22
SECTION B.
Sports, Resosts and Travel.
Sports News. Pages B-l-3
Junior Star. Page B-4
Bridge. Pa**
Music. Page ®-4
Farm and Garden. Page B-5
Civic News. Page B-5
Veterans' Guide. Page B-6
Resorts. Pages B-6-7
SECTION C.
Editorial, Features, Amusements.
Editorial Articles. Pages C-l-5
Art p*ge C-*
John Clagett Proctor. Page C-2
Book Reviews. Page C-2-3
Editorials. Page C-4
Editorial Features. Pages C-4-5
Amusements. Page* C-8-7
SUmps. Page C-7
Radio Programs. Page C-8
Crossword Puzzle. Page C-8
SECTION D.
Society, Women's Clubs.
Society News. Pages D-l-18
Women's Clubs. Page D-9
SECTION E.
Ctossified Advertising.
Classified Advertising. Page* K-l-1'
Educational. Page E-l
Service Organization*. Page E-l
This edition contains Thu
Week Magazine of 24 pages, a
10-page comic section and IS
pages of rotogravure.
tA
Questions About Sunday Star's
Snapshot Contest Answered
Here are answers to some ques
tions frequently asked about The;
Sunday Star's Amateur Snapshot
Contest:
Q. Who selects the prize-winning
pictures?
A. The photographs published
each Sunday in the Pictorial Mag
azine are chosen by a board of five
members of The Star staff, all ex
perienced in the editorial handling
of pictures. This group also will
pick the winners of the four final
prizes of $25 each.
However, the winners of the na
tional awards, totaling $10,000, will
be selected by a board composed of
Yousuf Karsh, internationally fa
mous portrait photographer; Toni
Frissell, noted photographic illus
trator; Charles B. Phelps, jr„ pres
! ident of the Photographic Society of
America; Kenneth W. Williams',
head of the photograhic illustra
I tion division of the Eastman Kodak
I Co., and Lowell Thomas, radio com
mentator and amateur photog
rapher.
Q. If a snapshot falls to win the
[#5 prize or one of the t2 awards of
special merit this u>eek, say, is it
dropped from the contest?
fi. Not necessarily. Sometimes
the judging is so difficult that one
or more pictures of exceptional
quality are held until the following
week in order to give them the fair
est possible chance.
Q. By what are the judges guided
in making their choices, and what is
their procedure?
A. Entries are judged, as the rules
put it, "solely on general interest
and'or appeal” Sometimes the
judges agree unanimously as to
what constitutes “general interest"
or “appeal”; sometimes there is
disagreement, debate and finally a
vote.
Q. Is reproductive quality a fac
tor in the judging?
A. The rules put it this way:
“Photographic excellence, or tech
nique, while important, will not be
the deciding factor in determining
prize winners." There Is no deny
ing, however, that when the choice
is between two entries of equal
“general interest" and “appeal,”
technical skill is likely to win. And,
of course, a picture good enough to
catch and hold the interest of the
judges is not likely to lack repro
ductive quality.
Q. Is there any preferred size?
A. Snapshots may vary from, say,
2 inches square all the way up to
8 by 10 inches. Theoretically, all
sizes stand an equal chance of win
ning a prize; but, in actual practice,
the best pictures usually are the
larger ones. Prints smaller than
4 by 5 inches rarely are of high
quality.
Q. Are color photos eligible?
A. No. Only black-and-white
prints can be considered.
Q. Is there a weekly deadline for
entries? •
A. No. The only deadline is the
final one—August 16 at noon.
(See page 6 of today’s Pictorial
Magazine). ( •
Q. How often can a contestant
send in pictures?
A. As often as he likes—and as
many as he likes, just so his entries
were snapped since last January 1.
Royall Doubts U. S.
Capacity to Produce
Enough Oil for War
iy the Associated Pross
Undersecretary of War Royall
said yesterday that in the event ol
another war the United States
might need as much as 8,000,000
barrels of oil dally—almost 3,000,000
barrels over this year’s record rate
of production.
Speaking on a National Broad
casting Co. program, Mr. Royall
said “there is a question whether
the productive capacity of the
United States could give us that
much oil.”
The last war showed, he said, that
the Army and Navy need at least
2.000. 000 barrels of oil a day. But,
he added, “future military needs
may well increase that total to 4,
000,000 barrels a day.”
To this Mr. Royall added the
3.000. 000 to 4,000,000 barrels daily
esunmiea as me country a muiunuui
for civilian use in wartime, for a
possible total of between 6,000,000
and 8,000,000 barrels.
Stockpiling Behind Schedule.
He pointed out that oil cannot be
put into stockpiles economically and
fadi&ttefT that the ' War Depart
ment is- depending on Middle East
ern oil production to make up- the
possible difference between Ameri
can production and wartime re
quirements.
Mr. Royall and Assistant Navy
Secretary Kenney, who also ap
peared on the program, said the
country's precautionary stockpiling
program is running behind schedule
and probably will not be complied
until 1053.
Last summer Congress passed
legislation authorizing the Army
and Navy to store vital materials
which might be needed in wartime,
on the basis of administration esti
mates that it cost $2,000,000,000 and
be finished In about five years.
Estimate* Increase.
It is now expected to take aboul
six years to complete at a cost of
$2,500,000,000, the two Government
officials said. ■
Mr. Royall and Mr. Kenny said
the change in their estimates has
been caused by 'scarcities of items
needed by the civilian economy”
and high prices—which besides
raising the cost of the project,
caused officials to delay purchases
until prices fell.
Ford's Time Clock Rule
Is Eased by Grandson
fty the Associated Press
DETROIT, July 12.—A tradition
established by the late Henry Ford
that salaried employes right up to
| top-bracket executives punch time
clocks will be terminated by the
new management of the Ford Motor
jCo.
This change, effective August 1,
was revealed today in a memoran
dum to the company’s 23,000 salaried
workers from Henry Ford II, com
pany president and grandson of the
founder.
The elder Mr. Ford, who believed
all employes from executives to
floor sweepers should be treated
alike, required every one except per
sons on the highly selective “A”
ynjiUll tu i y a unugc niiu wuit
card.
The elder Mr. Ford’* rigid ‘‘no
; smoking” rule also has been relaxed
somewhat.
--
Ireland-Scotland Swim
Abandoned by Briton
ly H>* Associated Frail
BELFAST, July 12.—Rising seas
forced Tom Blower, 33-year-old
English long-distance swimmer, to
abandon his attempt today to be the
first man to swin from Donaghadee,
Northern Ireland, to Port Patrick,
Scotland.
Buffeted by breakers, he was
pulled out of the North Channel
after nearly five hours in the chill
water. He had covered about 11
miles and was battling the most
difficult stretch of the 23-mile
course to Scotland.
Blower, who swam the English
Channel in 1937, said he would try
again before his vacation ends July
18 and he has to return to his job in
Nottingham.
x\\uu\i ////////
'TUT
f. #
_
fit f N. W.
ii years er ruiaiiuty
*
MacArthur Favors
Firm but Not Primitive
Treaty With Japan
ly the AnociaUd Frtii
TOKYO, Sunday, July 13.—Gen.
MacArthur declared today the peace
treaty with Japan, “without yield
ing firmness in its essential man
dates,” should avofcl “punitive, ar
bitrary and Unrealistic provisions,”
and by its terms set the pattern for
future peace throughout the world.
The supreme commander outlined
his views on the principles to be
embodied in the peace treaty in a
statement lauding the Par Eastern
i Commission’s policy decision as “one
: of the great State papers in mod
iern history.”
The action by the 11-Paclflc na
; tion commission in effect approved
i the occupation directive Gen. Mac
Arthur received from President
Truman September <J, 1945.
Early Conference Urged,
j Gen. MacArthur said the agree
i ment on basic Allied policy provides
the entire framework for the peace
which “we shall win” in Japan. The
treaty, ne aaaea, may now De ap
proached with assurance of com
plete understanding in principle and
full unitv of purposes in evolving
its detail.”
I No date has been set as yet for
J the Japanese peace conference. Gen.
I MacArthur has advocated it be held
i as soon as possible,
i The FEC decision omitted Allied
policy on Japanese assets outside
the home islands because of the
commission’s inability to determine
whether they should be included
among repatriations.
Gen. MacArthur commented, how
ever, the decision "sweeps aside fears
currently felt that great nations of
the world are unable to reconcile
divergent views on such vital issues
in the international sphere and
demonstrates with decisive elarity
that from an atmosphere of conflict
ing interests and opposing predilec
! tions may emerge common agree
ment.”
Could Not Re-arm in Century.
The supreme commander's state
ment said the basic element of Al
lied policy—disarmament and de
militarization of Japan*—has been
completed. And even without "ex
ternal controls,” he said, "Japan
could not rearm for modem war;
within a century.”
The FEC decision not only ratified
the course taken thus far. Gen. I
MacArthur declared, but signifies
the “complete unity of future pur
pose among the 11 nations and the
people concerned.”
In this agreement, he said, “we
have been firmly resisting two in
sidious concepts’’ — one seeking
“harsh and unjust treatment of our
fallen foe,” and another proposing
partial preservation of institutions
and leadership which bear the re
sponsibility of war guilt.
Stocks of Sauce Frozen
After Arsenic Is Found
iy Associated Press
DECATUR, 111., July 12.The A. E.
; Staley Co. today said it had ordered
(all Onited States stocks of the com
| many's soya sauce frozen after
(chemical Investigation had shown
presence of arsenic in one shipment
to the West Coast.
The investigation was initiated
after health authorities in Los
Angeles said 40 persons had been
taken ill after using the sauce.
TTie Staley Co. said, "the amount
of arsenic found in the one ship
j ment was not great enough to cause
death or even sickness when used
,in normal quantities, but we intend
to find out Just how it happened to
be in the one shipment.”
Business Club Elects
DAYTON, Ohio. July 12 (JP).—
Paul Dee Fossett of Enid, Okla., was
elected president of the American
Business Club today as the 35th
annual convention of the organiza
tion neared its conclusion. Stanley
Simpson of Atlanta, Ga., and Wil
liam Belton of Danville, 111., were
elected first and second vice presi
dents respectively.
PRICES SLASHED!
on AUTO SEAT COVERS
Coupes and Front
Seats of Coaches
$7«
Sedans and Coaches
*10 ”
LESSIN'S AUTO SEAT COVER CO.
A 1
Martial Law Ordered
As Palestine Awaits
Release of 2 Britons
By th* Associated Press
JERUSALEM. July 12.—Military
authorities announced tonight that
martial law and an intensive search
in the area around the all-Jewish
town of Natanya would begin at
dawn tomorrow unless two British
sergeants kidnaped and beaten to
day are returned alive by that time.
A reliable source said Mayor Oved
Ben Ami of Natanya had been noti
fied by Irgun Zvai Leumi, under
orroimH lanHeVi or Vs t ore fViof fha turn
men, apparently taken as hostages
for three Irgun members held under
death sentences, would not be re
turned.
The mayor conferred with Brig.
J. N. R. Moore, British military com
mander, and reported that Brig.
Moore “reluctantly decided" to be
gin combing Jewish settlements and
Arab villages around Natanya at
dawn.
Army and Palestine police cor
doned off a 200-square-mile area of
the Holy Land’s rolling coastal plain
and large numbers of troops were
thrown into the area to seek the
men who were abducted early today.
Hagana Abandons Search.
This action provoked the with
drawal from the hunt of many
members of Hagana, the so-called
Jewish national defense army. Ha
gana previously had joined the
soldiers and police as part of the
organization’s intention to “stamp
out in its own way violence caused
by underground Jewish dissidents
in Palestine.”
Hagana members said they were
withdrawing because of “interfer
ence” by the army and police which
they considered a violation of the
military’s promise to give Hagana an
opportunity to free the men.
The two sergeants were seized in
front of a cafe in Natanya, 40 miles
north of Tel Aviv by a group of
8 to 12 men. The police report on
the kidnaping said they were chloro
formed.
Police said the sergeants may have
been kidnaped as hostages for the
three Irgun members, who were
condemned to death by the British
for participating in the May 4 prison
break at Acre.
Their sentences have been con
firmed by the- Palestine military
commander and are before Sir Alan
sioner, lor possible commutation.
Clerk Free*. Self.
The two sergeants, Clifford Mar
tin and Mervin Paice, members of
the army's special investigation
squad, and a Jewish civilian clerk
named Weinberg, were seized by the
abductors shortly after midnight.
Weinberg wss tied up and placed
in an orange grove later. He lib
erated himself with the aid of per
sons from a nearby house and re
ported the abduction to military
authorities.
Weinberg said the two sergeants
were both "rather badly beaten.
While we were in the car my shirt
and trousers were stained all over
with blood from their wounds.
The Hagana parties centered their
seareh in Natanya, but the British
troops established a perimeter along
the Haifa-Tel Aviv road and around
some 40 square miles of the Na
tanya vicinity.
New Plea Made to Arabs.
A month ago two British police
men were abducted from a Ramat
Gan swimming pool apparently as
hostages for Irgun, but they escaped
the following day.
Meanwhile, delegates of the
United Nations Special Committee
on Palestine took the day off before
starting tomorrow their fourth week
of fact finding. In an effort to get
the Arabs to change their minds on
the boycott of the committee invi
tations were sent last week to the
Arab countries offering to switch
the hearings to any capital the
Arabs choose. The only reply to
date has been a flat “not interested'’
from the Palestine Arabs.
The committee has completed
most of the testimony from Jewish
groups, which simmers down in
mast instances to reluctant accept
ance of the idea of partition.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Sunny and
warmer today; highest temperature
about 87 degrees. Tomorrow .in
creasing cloudiness and quite warm.
Maryland and Virginia—Generally
fair and somewhat warmer today.
Tnwi/vwwAnr in/tvaaeinn 1/Ml/finaec anrl
quite wqrm followed by scattered
showers.
Wind velocity, 5 miles per hour;
direction, southwest]
River Report.
(From United States Engineers.)
Potomac River muddy at Harpers Ferry
and muddy at Great Falls; Shenandoah
clear at Harpers Ferry.
Teaaperature and Humidity.
'Readings at Washington National Airport.)
Temperature Humidity
Yesterday— Degrees. Per Cent.
Noon_ 78 56
4 p.m._ 84 60
8 p.m. 1_ 70 8fi
10 p.m. _ 07 92
Record Temperatures This Tear.
Highest. 93. on June 11.
Lowest, 7, on February 6.
Tide Tables.
'Furnished by United States Ooast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
High _ 3:50 a.m. 4:55 a.m.
Low _11:13 a.m. 12:13 p.m.
High _ 4:17 p.m. 5:20 p.m.
Low _11:04 p.m. 12:07 a.m.
The San and Moon.
Rises. ' Sets.
Sun, today _ 6:53 8:34
Sun. tomorrow ... 5:63 8:34
Moon, today 12:41 am 3:53 p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-hall hour alter sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
1947 Aver. Record.
January _ 3.18 3.55 7.83 ’37
February _ 1.27 3.37 0.84 ’84
March _ 1.02 3.75 8.84 ’91
APril _ 2.48 3.27 9.13 ’89
May _ 4.44 3.70 10.61) '89
June _ 6.80 4.13 10.94 '00
July _ 2.43 4.71 10.03 '80
August _ 4.01 14.41 '28
September _ 3.24 17.45 ’34
October _ 2.84 8.81 ’.17
November _ 3.37 8.09 ’89
December _ 3.32 7.50 Ol
Temperatures In Various Citias.
Station. High.Low. Station. Hlgh.Low.
Atlanta _ 90 00 Miami .. 71
Boston _ 83 71 New York.. 86 70
Chicago .. 90 03 Phoenix_ 08
Cincinnati _ 86 03 Pittsburgh . 77 00
Detroit _ . 88 02 Portland. Me. 81 08
El Paso_101 72 St. Louis 92 72
Galveston 90 78 San Antonio 100 77
Kansas City 96 74 Sun Francis. 09 67
Los Angeles 66 Seattle- 78 68
Louisville .. 88 83 Tampa_ 87
Egypt Seeks to Break
Legal Sudan Treaty,
British Officials Say
By rt,» Auixiot«4. frti*
LAKE SUCCESS, July 12 —Brit
ish officials charged today, that
Egypt was attempting to break a
legal treaty in a move to ensure
complete dominance over the Sudan.
The officials disclosed this would
be the principal argument to the
Egyptian demand for United Na
tions Security Council action to
force “total and immediate’’ with
drawal of British forces from Egypt
and the Sudan.
These sources said Sir Alexander
Cadogan, Britain's chief delegate
was prepared to answer the Egyp
tian complaint with a counter-de
mana mac it De tossea out oi tne
Council on the grounds that it is
not Justified.
The Egyptian complaint, which
grew out of failure to revise the
1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty which
expires in 1956, is not expected to
be taken up by the Security Coun
cil for at least one and possibly two
weeks because of a heavy crush of
work including the Balkan problem,
establishment of an international
police force, disarmament and con
trol of atomic energy.
Efforts at Discord Seen.
The Egyptian appeal filed yester
day with the Security Council
charged that Britain had adopted a
policy designed to sever the Sudan
from Egypt, to discredit Egyptians
and create discord between them
and the Sudanese as well as dis
sension among the Sudanese and in
general to “impair the unity of the
Nile Valley.”
British officials, in outlining re
buttal to the Egyptian demand, said
they would show that the "real
point of Issue” is Egypt’s wish to en
sure future dominance over the Su
dan.
They said the Egyptian govern
ment's attitude suggests that it be
lieves that once the terms of a
treaty become inconvenient to one
of the parties It become invalid.
They said the London government
holds that the 1936 treaty was
freely entered into by Egypt and
Britain and was made to last for
a period of 20 years. The point that
it was made in anticipation of the
possibility of the outbreak of war,
they added, does not affect the fact
that it was clearly intended to last
beyond the period of any immediate
war.
Negotiations Fail.
Britain and Egypt entered into
negotiations last year aimed at re
vising me treaty, me negotiations
broke down over the question of
the Sudans future status.
British officials said they would
show that the question of the re
moval of British troops from Egypt
and the Sudan has already been
settled by free agreement between
the two governments.
The British claim that they have
withdrawn their wartime forces
from Egyptian cities—mainly Cairo
and Alexandria—and now are down
to the 1936 treaty limit of 10,000
troops and 400 pilots plus auxiliary
personnel to safeguard the Sue*
Canal zone, which is sovereign
Egyptian territory.
The British insist that'hr negotia
tions last year the treaty failed to
secure Egyptian approval only be
cause the Egyptian government in
sisted that one phrase in the proto
col on the Sudan should mean that
the Sudanese could never choose
to be independent of the Egyptian
crown.
The Sudkn, a largely unexploited
area of almost 1,000,000 square miles,
is held under “condominium”
(joint) rule and has flown the flags
of Britain and Egypt since 1899.
British officials said that during
the negotiations last year the Lon
don government agreed to evacuate
all troops from Egypt and also
offered to leave the Sudanese sec
tion of the treaty to be negotiated
later.
Meanwhile, they said British
troops were evacuated from the Nile
Delta although they were under
no such obligation.
Byrnes Approved by FCC
As Part Owner of Station

fty the Associated Press
The Federal Communications
Commission has approved a plan
by which former Secretary of
state James r. cymes wm oecome
part-owner of a radio station in
his home town of Spartanburg, 8. C.
The plan involves a rearrangement
of holdings in Spartanburg stations
WORD and WORD-FM, and WSPA
and WSPA-FM. Mr. Byrnes will
become a 5 per cent stockholder in
WORD and WORD-FM in associa
tion with Walter J. Brown, his life
long special assistant during Mr.
Byrnes’ Government service.
Northwestern Dean
Will Head U.S.C.L.A.
By th« Atsociattci Pr«*t
LOS ANGELES, July 12—The
University of Southern California
announced the appointment today
of Dr. Fred D. Fagg, Jr., dean of
faculty at Northwestern University,
as president of the Los Angeles in
stitution.
Dr. Fagg, who will take aoffice
September 1, will succeed Dr. Rufus
B. von Kleinsmid, university chan
cellor and acting president since
he retired from the presidency last
year. Dr. von Kleinsmid will con
tinue to serve as chancellor on a
lifetime basis.
Dr. Fagg, 50, is educational vice
president of Northwestern as well
«.« dean of faculty. He is married
and has two children.
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I * t
The Federal Spotlight
Departments' Right to Fire
Workers Summarily Opposed
By Josoph Young
It is virtually certain that the Civil Service Commission ■will oppose
the request of the War, Navy and State Departments for the permanent
power to dismiss employes summarily.
The departments say they want the legislation enacted by Con
gress that they may get rid of disloyal workers, but commission officials
see in the request the start of an unwitting drive to deprive all Govern
mem employes oi Dasic civil lioer
ties.
Commission officials contend that
the legislation is not needed—that
the forthcoming loyalty program will
give the departments all the pro
tection they need against subversive
elements.
What particularly disturbs the
commission is that under the pro
posed law the three departments,
which Incidentally employ nearly
one-half of all Government workers,
need not reveal to the accused em
ployes the nature of the charges
against them.
A high commission official, who
asked that his name not be used at
this time, told this reporter:
"It this law were passed, every
War, State and Navy employe would
be subject to the whims and caprice
of tbfeir bosses. Why, if an official
I didn't like the way an employe
combed his hair he could fire him.
j “I know that the departments’
officials are sincere in saying that
they will only use their powers in
loyalty cases. But there are always
those few who take advantage of
too much'power.
“Furthermore,’’ the commission
ouiciai couuuucu, in cues wiiere
an employe Is suspected of being
disloyal to the United States Gov
ernment, he deserves the chance to
refute such charges that can be
revealed by a department without
endangering our national security.
There is no greater penalty or dis
grace than to be guilty of that
charge, and that is why all employes
thus accused are entitled to know
the nature of the charges against
them and to have the right to de
fend themselves if they are inno
cent.”
* * * *
MORSE CODE—Newsmen cover
ing the Senate are no little upset at
Senator Morse, Republican, of Ore
gon, who of late has fallen into the
habit of launching into three and
four hour speeches in the late after
noons, just when the Senate is pre
paring to wind up for the day.
In retaliation, the reporters have
thought up a new name for him.
They’ve dubbed him the "Five
o’clock shadow.”
* .* * *
OUR DARING MAILMEN—Now
that President Truman has signed
the bill granting FBI agents gen
erous pensions when they retire,
letter carriers and .other special em
ploye groups may. press for similar
legislation.
In this connection, the Civil Ser
vice Commission’s retirement divi
sion recently took the position before
Congress that the average letter
carrier, as he plods from house to
house delivering hie mall, faces
greater peril than the glamourised
FBI agent.
The commission contends that
barking (and biting) dogs, mis
chievious children and hot pave
ments impose greater physical hard
ships on letter carriers than FBI
agents encounter while chasing
desperadoes.
* * * *
UPWA SKIPS PEARL HARBOR
—The CIO United Public Workers
of America now announces that it
has no intention of signing up Gov
ernment workers at Pearl Harbor, as
It did at the equally militarily
strategic Panama Canal Zone.
Flushed with success over signing
up about 17,000 Canal Zone workers
as union members, union officials
several months ago said they were
aiming an organization drive at
Pearl Harbor. »
t But now the union says it will
not conduct an organization cam
paign among Pearl -Harbor em
ployes. Instead UPWA organizers
will conduct a membership cam
paign among municipal employes
in Hawaii.
* * * *
EVERY LI'fTLE THING HELPS
—At the Agriculture Department
they tell the story of the sweet
young thing who applied for a sec
retarial job in the department.
In a friendly tone, an official
asked her, ‘‘what makes you think
that you'll fit into the Agriculture
Department?”
"Well,” she replied brightly,
“when I was a little girl I used to
milk a cow.”
* * * *
CAPITOL HILL ROUNDUP—Op
position is developing in the Senate
to the Flanders-Baldwin bill which
would raise the salaries of cabinet
officers and department and agency
chiefs. It seems that some Sena
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Longer W«or ^
tors object to giving cabinet officers
a larger salary than members ol
Congress receive. At present Repre
sentatives, Senators and cabinet
officers all make $15,000 a year, but
the pending legislation would raise
cabinet salaried to $20,000 annually.
In addition, some Senators are un
happy about a provision in the bill
which would pay $17,500 to some
Government officials. The reason
is the same—they don't want Gov
ernment officials to make more
money than they do.
Chairman Rees ol the House Civil
Service Committee is confident that
the House tomorrow or Tuesday
will approve his Federal loyalty
investigation bill. Considerable
rumpus, however, is expected to be
raised by some House Democrats,
who will urge that President Tru
mans own loyalty program be ap
proved instead. But the Republican
controlled House will undoubtedly
go aloug with the hard-working,
extremely able Mr. Rees.
The majority of the $00 postmas
President Truman appear destined
to remain buried in the Senate
Civil Service Commitee when Con
gres recesses this month. Mean
while, the committee’s special In
vestigation into alleged political
irregularities in some of the ap
pointments.
Russia Wants Loans
Direct, Not Through
Britain and France
Atiociated Pr«n Staff Writer
MOSCOW, July 12.—There is rea
son to believe the Russians do not
want any one to get the impression
that the Eastern European nations—
including the Soviet Union—desire
economic isloation from the United
States or other countries.
Aid in the form of credits is
needed by all the eastern European
countries, and apparently they have
not closed their doors or eyes to
the idea of receiving American
credits, despite their refusal to join
in the Paris conference on the Mar
shall aid-Europe proposal.
While the Moscow press and
radio assailed the Paris meeting and
said it was doomed to failure, two
of the best-informed Soviet cor
respondents wrote in Pravda that
the eastern European nations were
interested in getting American
credit* but riireet.lv from t.he United
States and not through Britain and
France.
The two commentators, Marinin
and Leontiev, asserted that France
and Britain were not capable of
acting as "admiriistrators” of the
Marshall plan.
“The fact is, the way they them
selves use American credits gives
them no right to teach others in
this cause/' they said.
The article said that “there is
no doubt that, for speedy, success
ful fulfillment of the planned de
velopment of the industry and
agriculture of Poland, Yugoslavia,
Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria,
Hungary and,other countries, for
eign credits are required.
“The governments of these na
tions expressed more than once the
desire to obtain credits on just
terms. However, in the case of ob
taining American credits it is wholly
natural that eastern European na
tions prefer to do business directly
with creditors, not with mediators,
which the British and French are
trying to be in this issue.”
Informed persons in foreign mis
sions said direct American credits
to the European nations outside the
Paris conference would not be likely
to be looked on by Russia as an un
friendly gesture.
Church Asks Sportsmen
To Special Service
ty th« AmkmImI Pr**»
CHAMPAIGN, 111., July 12.—Golf,
fishing or picnic dates will be no
excuse for missing services at Grace
Lutheran Church tomorrow.
In a newspaper advertisement to
day, the Rev. A. C. Larsen, pastor,
invited all sportsmen to a special
7 a.m. service. The ad said: “Dress
for your sports and come to church.
Leave that necktie and coat at
home.”
■ ri/tiiwa CSS—
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Limited number in these two
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hauling costs applied to pur- |
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Grands, Spinets, Consoles, Up
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—old piano accepted in trade.
Wedemeyer Mission
May Study Russian
Failure to Quit Dairen
ly th« AtMciatad Pr*»i
NAipCING, July 12—Sources in
this Chinese capital expressed belief
tonight that Lt. Gen. Albert C.
Wedemeyer’s new investigative mis
sion to China and Korea might m*'
elude inquiry into Soviet failure to
turn Dairen and Port Arthur over
to Chinese administration.
(Status of these two Man
churian ports, in which Russia
has special treaty rights, includ
ing a naval base at Port Arthur,
has been an increasing irrita
tion to China. Both remain in
Russian military occupation.
(Tass, official Soviet new*
agency, only yesterday denied
that Russia was hampering entry
of Chinese administrators and
said the Chinese foreign ministry
was “distorting the facts.”)
The official Chinese Central News
Agency said today that 3,000 troops
of “a certain nation’’ were erecting
defenses at Fuhsien (Wafangtien'.
55 miles north of Dairen on the
uairen-MUicaen railway.
The papers Shih Chieh Jih Pao
and Hsin Min Pao said these troopa
were Russians. There was no ex
planation of why they might have
advanced after sticking closely in
Dairen for a year and a half.
Whatever the nature of Gen.
Wedemeyer's fact-finding mission,
any change in American policy
toward China was unlikely for at
least two months. The mission was
announced as a six-weeks affair, and
two weeks is a fair estimate of the
time for traveling.
Foreign quarters in China were
convinced that any American help
to Nanking resulting from the mis
sion would be conditioned on a real
purge of corrupt and reactionary
elements in the government and pos
sibly easing of some of the present
trade restrictions.
There was no fresh civil war news
from the government side, but the
Communist radio in North Shensi
Province reported that Communist
forces had captured Tigtao in West
ern Shantung, Luyi in Honan and
Pohsien in Anhwei.
The- broadcast located these towns
as being east and southeast of the
railway junction of. Kaifeng. Of
possibly more significance, however,
is the fact they are respectively 100,
80 and 90 miles northwest, west and
southwest or Suchow, principal gov
ernment base and military head
quarters for that entire north-cen
tral area.
Ex-Convict Sought in Ohio
As Strangler of Divorcee
ly th» At«ociot«d PrMi
MARION, Ohio, July 12 —An ex
convict, who has a crippled wife
and a 4-year-old son. was named
today as the strangler of a pretty
divorcee whose partly nude body
was found in a country churchyard.
Edwin D. Young was charged wtih
first-degree murder as police and
sheriffs throughout Ohio searched
for the 39-year-old truck driver
and his battered coupe.
Prosecutor James E. Reed of
Marlon County, filed the charge
some 24 hours after Mrs. Zora Ger
bes, 25, was found dead with a rope
clothesline wrapped thrice about her
neck in a slip-knot. The line also
was wound about her knees, which
were drawn up almost to her chin.
Sheriff Leray Retterer was not
certain Young would be found alive.
“I wouldn't be surprised,” he re
marked, ‘if we found his body and
automobile in a water-filled quary.”
Young did not go home Thursday
night or report for work at a truck
lng company Friday morning.
TEACHERS
Minimum Sul&ry fur 1*47-1*4*
$60 PER WEEK
Apply Now—Nu Aduiru Fuuu
Adams Teachers Agency
C*l*ri4i Mil.. 14th * G N.W. BI. MSI
EASY METHOD
C. I. PltTt.4M.ML
Driving School
NOrth 1794
*1*1 14th ST. N.W.

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