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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 14, 1947, Image 3

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2 More Deaths Feared
In Florida Air Crash
Which Took 21 Lives
By the Associated Press
MELBOURNE, Fla., July 14.—
The death toll In yesterday’s
crash of a DC-3 chartered air
liner which killed 21 persons was
expected to rise today as 2 of the
13 injured were placed o* the
“critical” list.
The plane, en route from Newark,
N. J„ to Miami with 31 homeward
bound Puerto Ricans and a crew of
five, crashed in swampy wasteland
near here, cutting a 300-foot swath
through the scrub pine shortly after
4:30 a.m.
Two children aboard the craft
escaped injury.
With 12 of the victims unidenti
fied mainly because of the confusion
in Spanish names, the Civil Aero
nautics Authority investigators
reached the scene early, but would
not comment on their findings.
Identification Hampered.
The plane had been heard from
last as it passed over Jacksonville,
Fla., after leaving Augusta, Ga.
Similarity in the Spanish names
of the Puerto Ricans, a number of
whom were young children carried
in the arms of parents and not listed
as passengers, and the inability of
the survivors to speak English,
hampered identification of the dead.
Bodies were brought in trucks to
the Browley funeral home, where
they overflowed into a garage.
A member of the Puerto Rican
resident commissioner's office in
Washington was expected here today
to help with the identification, and
Bretard Hospital officials, where 12
of the injured w’ere admitted, were
hopeful that one or more of the
survivors might be able to leave
their beds to help.
Pilots Among Dead.
Of the children who escaped in
jury, one was a boy, Jose Rodriguez,
3, whose mother, Pura Rodriguez, is
i not expected to live. She has 12
broken bones. The other child was
Ellen Acevdo, 5.
i Besides Pura Rodriguez, the other
passenger on the critical list is Car
men Rodriguez, who has a broken
Among the dead were the pilot,
Capt. Henry Hein, 36, of Houston,
Tex., and the co-pilot, Roderick
Paul MacKinnon, formerly of
Rochester, N. Y.
Survivor Had Climbed Free.
First rescue workers to plough
; through the knee-deep water re
ported the injured and dead tangled
inside and out of the craft. One
surtivor was reported found 300
feet from the wreckage, 10 feet up
a tree and hugging the trunk.
Frank Gonzalez, 12, whose left
leg was broken, told reporters: "It
was dark and we were flying along
and the motor stopped. Everything
was quiet. We slowed down. The
| next minute w;e crashed.”
Flight Engineer Wallace Irwin
’who was supposed to have joined
the flight crew at Augusta, Ga„ was
reported to have everslept, and
missed the trip.
The plane was owned by the
Burke Air Lines of Miami and was
licensed to carry 25 passengers and
a crew of three.
Woman Glider Pilot
Killed in Iowa Crash
ty Associated Press
DAVENPORT, Iowa, July 14.—
Betty Seaton, 23, holder of a private
; pilot's license, was killed last night
| when the glider she was piloting
I crashed near an airfield here.
Harland Kahl. airplane pilot who
ws towing the glider, said he cut it
j loose at 2,000 feet, and it went into
a loop and crashed in a plowed field.
A defective wing was blamed for the
Two Former Army Pilots
Die in Helicopter Crash
LOS ANGELES. July 14 (>P).—Two
former Army pilots were killed yes
terday in the crash of an Army sur
plus helicopter just a few minutes
after it had taken off from Compton
Sheriff's deputies Identified the
victims as Homer D. Hoatson. 31, of
Huntington Beach, Calif., and Felix
McManus, 28, of Pomona, Calif.
The helicopter did not burn. Civil
Aeronautics Administration investi
i gators said the cause of the crash
was not determined. The craft was
I owned by Lee Mansdorff, operator of
an air service.
Marshall Plan
_ 'Continued From First Page.l
Steering Committee. The size of
the other committees was not speci
fied, but it was presumed that Brit
ain and France, as the two largest
participating nations, would be rep
resented on all of them.
The conference also decided yes
, tcrday that its report on Europe's
needs and resources should be
ready for submission to the Amer
ican Government by September 1.
i and agreed that the recovery pro
| gram should be set up on a four
! year basis.
In deciding that all nations at
tending the Paris sessions should be
represented on the Steering Com
| mittee, the conference voted that
| places should be reserved for •'all
! other European states which de
! clare themselves willing to partici
! pate in its work."
The conference thereby left the
j door open for Soviet Russia or any
of her satellites to take part in
the program should they change
their minds.
ine possibility of this develop
ment, however, appeared more re
mote than ever as the Russian press
and radio continued their attacks
i on the Marshall plan and the Mos
cow government further cemented
its economic ties with the smaller
nations in the Soviet orbit. •
Moscow Radio Comments.
The Moscow radio asserted that
the Sunday session had "brought a
measure of disappointment to the
organizers of the conference” and
cnaracterized the decision in favor
of a 16-member steering committee
as a defeat for Britain and France,
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Cutting a swath through pineland in Florida, this chartered
DC-3 ended the homegoing of a group of Puerto Ricans early
i yesterday. ___<
whom it accused of trying to con
centrate power “in the hands of a
: small group of their trusted people.”
Moscow bioadcasts also asserted
that "the organizers of the Paris
conference are laboriously conceal
ing from the view of outsiders all
that is going on and endeavoring by
all means to create the impression
that harmony reigns.”
Only a few hours before this!
broadcast the conference had voted j
formally to admit the press to all I
plenary sessions and had instructed
the secretariat to inform newsmen
of the proceedings in closed commit
tee sessions.
The Moscow press scoffed at the
use of the word "European” in con
nection with' the conference, as
serted that of the participating na
tions "only half fought against
Hitlerite Germany.”
Sweden's Role Watched.
At the same time dispatches'from
Moscow indicated that the Russian
government w'as watching with con
siderable concern the part that
Sweden is playing in the conference
i —a concern which was reflected
in an Izvestia article assailing
| “American economic penetration
of Sweden” and asserting that
i Sweden's economic interests were
at odds with those of the United
I States, France and Britain.
Dispatches from Sofia, mean-,
while, said that the Bulgarian j
Ministerial Council had approved
an $87,000,000 trade agreement with
Russia covering 1947-48 imports and
exports. Bulgaria's chief imports
from Russia are cotton, rubber,
railway cars, automobiles, trucks,
tractors, machinery and medicines.
Almost 90 per cent of the Bul
garian exports to Russia under the
agreement will be represented by
20,000 tons of tobacco valued at
Further news of interchanges be
tween the Soviet bloc came with
word of the arrival of Romanian
Premier Petru Croza and Foreign
Minister Gheorghi Tatarescu in
Sofia for talks with Bulgarian gov-'
eminent officials.
(Continued From First Page.'
brought criticism from the camps
i of other potential candidates for
the Republican presidential nomi
nation of 1948.
i Gov. Dewey continues to insist,
however, that he is on a “vacation
tj-ip” with Mrs. Dewey and their
two sons—broken only by his at
tendance at the Governors’ Con
ference and that he will not be
drawn into a discussion of affairs
outside of New York State, or his
future political plans.
On the need of a definite delinia
tion of tax sources between the
Federal and State governments, Mr.
Dewey was fluent.
"The Federal Government, the'
i States and the local governments
have taxes which overlap,” Mr.
Dewey said, referring to income,
cigarette and gasoline taxes as
examples. “There is a constant
struggle for taxing power between
States and their subdivisions and
the Federal Government.”
Cites Reversal of Fiscal Picture.
He said this condition had been
recognized by the Governors for a
number of years; that a committee
to study the subject, composed of
members of Congress and of the
Governors Conference had been cre
ated and was at work with a tech
nical staff. The research of this
committee, he said, would be re
flected in the round table this after
“Reversal of the fiscal picture has
taken place,” Gov. Dewey said.
“For 14 years the Federal Govern
ment has been collecting heavy
taxes and subsidizing the States.
Now the National Government is
staggering under a huge debt. Many
of the new services which the people
; are demanding and to which they
i are entitled, I believe, should come
I from local and State governments.”
j He said the Governors’ Confer
ence was intent on a “long-range
effort to bring order out of a con
idition that was almost chaotic.”
Many adjustments must necessarily
be made between the Federal and
lState governments on the subject
i of taxation before the problem could
i be dealt with satisfactorily.
Would Give Up State Income Tax.
He expressed entire willingness to
give up State income taxation, in
order to leave that source of rev
enue to the Federal Government,
since it already is a source from
which the Federal Government de
rives a large part of its revenues.
He could not, he said, propose rer
peal of the New York income tax
| law until the Federal Government
1 agreed to eliminate many of the
local taxes, as an onset.
Caldwell Reports on Activities.
At the opening session this mom
j ing. Gov. Afillard F. Caldwell of
Florida, chairman of the conference,
gave a brief accounting of the ac
tivities of the organization during
the last year and outlined the issues
which must be tackled. His state
ment followed an address of welcome
by Gov. Herbert S. Maw of Utah,
host to the conference, which is at
tended by a larger number of Gov
ernors than ever before—a total of
45 Governors of States and 3 Gov
ernors of Territories.
Gov. Beauford H. Jester of Texas
discussed the paramount duty of the
■States to accept responsibility for
mfety on the highways today. He
! warned the ftp ten that if they d*r
cot. make a better recorc, tilt.
would find the Federal Government
moving to police the highways.
Gibson Discusses Housing.
The responsibility of States and
local governments to protect
streams and lakes from pollution of
their waters was emphasized by
Gov. James H. Duff of Pennsylvania.
Gov. Ernest W. Gibson of Ver
ment, in an address on "housing,”
recommended that each State make
its own study of housing needs and
draw up a program. Then, he said,
the State could "urge such great or
ganizations as the American Legion
to organize nonprofit housing cor
porations in all critical areas.” He
criticized the real estate lobby
vigorously, and also the War Assets
Administration; the first for its sel
fish propaganda and the second for
its failure to release critical building
items needed for the construction of
new homes for war veterans.
Herbert Supports Taft.
While Gov. Dewey refused to be
drawn into a discussion of national
politics, other Governors were less
close mouthed.
Gov. Herbert virtually threw the
Taft hat into the ring for the presi
dential nomination next year in a
press conference. “Senator Taft
will be Ohio’s candidate for the
presidential nomination next year,”
he said, adding that it had been
settled definitely. How Senator
Taft would fare as a candidate in
other States, however, he refused
to forecast.
Gov. Herbert said he believed “no
one has the national convention
tied up” and that he believed many
of the large States would send dele
gates pledged to their "favori%
son” candidates, making it imp \
sible for any candidate to win noi '
ination on a first ballot. In d\
cussing the Taft candidacy—whic
has not been formally announced
Gov. Herbert took occasion to reply
to rumors that he himself might
make a try for the presidential
"I’m not a candidate," he said,
tContinued From First Page.)
of an extra session this fall,” Sena
tor Vandenberg reported.
"It was our view that no such
session is contemplated, although, of
course, the President would have to
reserve the right to meet an unex
pected necessity.”
The Senate leader said Mr. Tru
man told the group of his apprecia
tion of the usefulness of the fre
quent conferences with Senate and
House leaders. The group included
top lawmakers of both parties.
“Mr. Truman pointed out that 20
of the 26 priority requests made of
us in connection with legislation
already have been fully met, with at
least one more on the way,” Senator
Vandenberg said.
The Senator observed that he did
not know which measure the Presi
dent meant was “on the way,” but
said it might have been the proposal
to boost the national minimum
■wage from 40 to 60 cents an hour, a
program which the Republican
leadership is now pushing.
Displaced Persons to Wait.
"The President brought up the
urgency of the problem of displaced
persons,” Senator Vandenberg went
on. "It was mutually agreed that
this is a situation which requires
constant attention by Congress, but
it was mutually recognized that
there are extreme legislative diffi
culties making conclusive action
this session all but impossible.
“This matter will be further dis
cussed between us to see what can
be done about it in the future.”
The Marshall proposal for Euro
pean self-help, aided by substantial
American dollars support, was dis
cussed only in connection with the
adjournment problem, Senator Van
denberg said.
The President, he told questioners,
did not raise the question of the
sizeable foreign aid programs, in
cluding the Greek - Turkish aid
measure which has received con
gressional authorization but no di
rect appropriation.
Mr. Truman's assurance that he
will deal “promptly” with the income
tax reduction bill "entirely relieves
the pressures which otherwise might
have complicated the remaining
congressional agenda," Vandenberg
Sees Final Senate Action.
He forecast that the bill, which
would make a 10.5 to 30 per cent
reduction in individual rates effec
tive next January 1, will get final
Senate action today.
The Republican Steering Com
mittee of the House arranged to
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i _ .a*:-.
Jose Rodriguez, 3, one of the 13 injured in the crash,-pic
tured with Mildred Stroud, Red Cross worker.—AP,Wirephotos.
Brewster Sees Truman on Bill
To Put Ex-Presidents in Senate
By th* Associated Press
Senator Brewster, Republican, of
Maine talked with President Tru
man today about a bill to make ex
Presidents of the United States
Senators at large.
Smiling broadly, Senator Brewster
said Mr. Truman quipped that he,
wouldn’t be a candidate for Senator j
at large next year—presidential
election year—but that he might,
eventually be interested.
"Smile when you write that.j
though,” Senator Brewster told re
In a more serious vein, Senator
Brewster said Mr. Truman was on
record in support of such a proposal
and had often discussed it when he
was a member of the Senate.
"The theory behind the bill is that
the experience a man receives as
President would be invaluable to the
Senate,” Senator Brewster said.
Under the legislation which Sen
ator Brewster said he wil] introduce,
meet shortly after the White House
There have been rumblings of dis
content from high-ranking members
of the House Appropriations Com
tittee now considering such items
the actual cash for the $400,000,
$0 Greek-Turkish aid bill, the $350,
0,000 program for general foreign
.tilef, and $725,000,000 for Army
relief and administration in occupied
There is strong sentiment in the
House against giving any aid to
nations not participating in the
current Marshall plan conference
in Paris, which Russia and her sat
ellites have boycotted.
Currerftly the House list of “must”
legislation includes bills for unifi
cation of the armed forces, mini-'
mum wage boosts, poll tax curbs,
appropriations, Federal employe:
loyalty standards and several doz
en less controversial measures.
Action Due This Week.
All are scheduled lor considera
tion this week, except the minimum
wage and poll tax bills, with a Sat
urday session likely because of to
day’s automatic adjournment out
of respect to the late Representative
Mansfield, Democrat, of Texas, who
died Saturday.
To its sizeable list of "must” bills
announced last week, the Senate is
expected to add a House-passed
measure allowing holders of an esti
mated $1,800,000,000 in GI terminal
pay bonds to cash them after Sep
tember 1 instead of holding them
five years.
The Senate already has passed the
armed services unification bill and
resumed debate today on the House
passed $4,000,000,000 income tax re
duction measure.
The Senate also still has before it,!
in addition to some stalemated ap
propriation bills, one of the Presi-1
dent’s reorganization plans rejected!
by the House, House-passed meas-l
ures freezing social security taxes at!
their present levels and continuing |
sugar controls, a mine safety control j
bill and several united Nations rAo-!
To Curb Speculation
Argentina has passed a new law
giving the government powers to,
fight speculation, high prices and
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ex-Presidents would be entitled tc
the rights and allowances of Sen
ators but would not have a vote.
The bill would entitle any ex
President to a seat in the Senate
unless he had been impeached. Her
bert Hoover is the only living ex
The proposal is similar to om
offered in the House for he pasi
several years by Representative
Canfield, Republican, of New Jersey
‘The United States is singular ir
Its attitude toward its politica
leaders and statesmen by virtually
discarding them after they have oc
cupied the highest office in th<
land,” Senator Brewster said.
‘‘Were this practice to prevail ir
Great Britain, men of the calibei
Df Winston Churchill would havt
been forgotten as long as 25 year;
ago, with the result that England
and nossiblv the world, too. mitfhl
have been bereft of his dynamic
Vote Fraud
(Continued From First Page.)
seat, but was defeated in November
by the Republican, Representative
The question before the Judiciary
Committee was whether the Attor
ney General made an adequate in
vestigation last fall of charges by
the Kansas City Star of allegec
vote frauds in the primary race
for Mr. Slaughter’s seat.
Led by Senator Ferguson. Repub
lican, of Michigan, a Senate sub
committee conducted preliminary
hearings last month. It obtainec
testimony to the effect that the
FBI did not make a full-scale in
vestigation last fall.
70 Indictments Returned;
Following a ^preliminary FBI re
port, the Attorney General’s office
decided no Federal laws had beer
violated. Later, however, a Missour
grand jury returned more than 7(
indictments under State law. Nation
wide interest was attracted to the
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situation when a safe was blown
open and ballots stolen from the
offices of the Kansas City Election
Board following the indictments.
After Senator Langers voce had!
enabled the Democrats to block fur
ther investigation this morning.
'Senator Ferguson moved that ihe
committee continue its preliminary
inquiry, but this was beaten by tire
same vote.
PKoirwo n Wilon nf iha Tu/lininrv I
Committee explained that the Fer
guson subcommittee was not at
tempting to fix any personal re
sponsibility at this time, but merely
trying to ascertain by its preliminary \
hearings whether there was "prob
able cause” for a further investi
As he left the committee room.
Senator Ferguson told reporters he
would have something to say on the
Senate floor about the committee’s
action. Asked if he had his remarks
reduced to writing, the Michigan
Senator replied that he would
“speak off the cuff,” explaining he
could be more emphatic that way.
"You see, I don’t have any
asbestos paper," the Senator added.
Langer, McCarran Join In Report.
Senators Langer and McCarran, ■
Democrat, of Nevada joined in pre
senting a report against continuing
the investigation from the three
man subcommittee of which Senator
Ferguson was chairman. Senators
Langer and McCarran wrote sep
arate explanations of their decision,
but joined in the conclusion that the
investigation proposed by Senator
Kem “would be fruitless and produc
tive of no good result: that it would
duplicate without reascfa the activi
ties of other agencies; that it would
amount to political harrassment;
and that for these and other good
reasons the proposed investigation is
wnouy unjusunea.
Senator Langer’s separate state
ment pointed out that there have
been five other investigations start-]
ed into the Kansas City situation,
including a new inquiry by the Jus
tice Department and a Federal
grand jury.
Senator Langer defended Mr.
Clark’s record as Attorney General,
declaring he has demonstrated “he
is no respector of persons, parties or
The committee also made public
a seperate statement by Senator
Ferguson, in which he reviewed the
testimony he took at the prelim
inary hearings. He was alone, how
ever, on the three-man subcommit
tee in recommending a full-scale
Senate investigation.
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