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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 20, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast Home Delivery
Mostly sunny and less humid with high The Evening and Sunday Star is
about 76 today. Tomorrow, sunny and a ' delivered by carrier in the city and
little warmer. suburbs at 90c per month when 4
Temperatures yesterday: High, 82, at Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5
6:02 p.m.; low, 71, at 8:54 a.m. ~ Sundays.
United States Weather Bureau Report. Telephone NA. 5000.
An Associated Press Newspaper
No. 2,207-No.‘ 57,696 WASHINGTON, D. C., JULY 20, 1947-116 PAGES. ** ’ MS TEN CENTS.
Bill to Unify Military Services
Passed by House With Changes;
Navy Allowed to Keep Air Arm
Civilian Is Required
To Head Office of
Central Intelligence
HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE Votes
Military Training for All Males 18
Page A-5.
ly the Associated Press
The House yesterday passed a
measure to unify the Army and
Navy and to co-ordinate Ameri
can diplomatic-military policies.
It acted after hearing claims the
plan will help prevent future
“Pearl Harbor” disasters, cut
military costs, and curtail inter
service “backbiting.”
The action came on a voice vote
after nearly eight hours of debate
and months of consideration. The
measure, already passed by the Sen
ate, goes back there, and in all prob
ability ultimately to conferees to
work out differences between the
Senate and House versions.
As now drafted, the measure
would merge the present War and
Navy cabinet posts into a single
Secretary of Defense, create a pow
erful policy-making defense council
and set up a new department of air.
Called Co-ordination Measure.
As Representative Wilson, Demo
crat. of Texas put it: “The bill more
properly could be termed a co
ordination instead of unification
measure.” Representative Latham,
Republican, of New York agreed,
saying it provided for "unity at -the
top, but disunifleation, multiplica
tion and complexities at the bottom.”
Before passage, the House ac
cepted an amendment to guarantee
Navy retention of its air arm—the
eyes and advance striking arm of
lilVy J1VVU VUVli VOi i ivi u*«vt
land-based aircraft plus the respon
sibility for antisubmarine warfare.
Another House amendment re
quires appointment of a civilian to
the $14,000 job as director of the
Office of Central Intelligence to be
set up under the bill. Representa
tive Brown, Republican, of Ohio said
the American people were worried
over, possibility of a military “super”
government.
Jap Attack Is Recalled.
Repeated references to the Japa
nese surprise attack on Pearl Har
bor were made during the debate.
Representative Keefe, Republican,
of Wisconsin, said the success of
this raid underscored the “inade
quacy of command by mutual co
operation.”
Representative Short, Republican,
of Missouri, member of the Armed
Services Committee, said that co
ordination under the bill’s program
for material procurement means
“we. won’t have the Army on Oki
nawa selling to China the things
the Navy needs."
Representative Taber, Republican,
of New York, chairman of the House
Appropriations Committee, success
fully led a move to eliminate a pro
vision which would allow the War,
Navy and Air departments to sub
mit their budget requests directly
to Congress.
Teamwork Held Needed.
He said it would eliminate present
screening by the Budget Bureau,
throw the whole burden of check
ing estimates on Congress, and al
low “things to run wild.” He main
tained the estimates should be
channeled through the Secretary of
Defense and the Budget Bureau be
fore reaching Congress.
“What’s needed,” said Representa
tive Manasco, Democrat, of Ala
bama, “is teamwork.” He protested
(Sef UNIFICATION, Page A-5.)
Unanimous Senate
Confirms Royall
The Senate last night unani
mously confirmed the appointment
of Kenneth C. Royall to be Secre
tary of War.
Confirmation was by voice vote.
Mr. Royall. Undersecretary of
War since November, 1945, was
named by President Truman yes
terday to take the place of Secre
tary Robert P. Patterson, who
resigned.
Confirmation took little more
than 24 hours. The Armed Services
Committee unanimously approved
the nomination yesterday morning,
and the Senate waived its rule re
quiring nominations to lie cm the
desk, for one day.
More than hafl a dozen Senators
paid tribute to both Mr. Patterson
and Mr. Royall.
Mr. Patterson, 56, wft leave his
post next Thursday and return to
private law practice in New York.
Mr. Royall, 53. a native of North
Carolina, is a veteran of both wars
and a former brigadier general.
The War Department issued a
statement, "in answer to queries
from the press,” saying that Mr.
Royall is a brother-in-law of
Johannes Steel, radio news com
mentator and defeated left-wing
candidate for Congress from New
York.
"Mr. Steel married Mr. Roy all’s
half sister several years ago,” the
statement said. "Mr. Royall’s rela
tions with Mr. Steel have been ex
clusively family contacts. He has
not discussed governmental, polit
ical or national policies with him.”
Water Gate Broadcas\
Arranged by The Star
The Star has arranged for a
broadcast of a portion of the
Water Gate concert tonight,
beginning at 8:30 over Station
WMAL.
The National Symphony will
be conducted by Alexander
Smallens. The radio program
will include “The Wise Vir
gins,” a suite, by Bach-Walton,
and Franck’s symphonic poem,
"Redemption.” J
i
Grim Foreign Conditions Cited
In $1,350,000,000 Relief Plea
Kenneth C. RoyaU, newly designated Secretarial War, holds
a hand to his ear amid the bustle yesterday at a hearing by a
Senate Appropriations subcommittee on foreign relief.
_^Photo.
BRIDGES BLASTS State Depart
ment Plea lor Authority to Deliver
Refinery Equipment to Russia.
Page A-4.
By J. AT O'Leary
A dark picture of world condi
tions was given to a Senate Ap
propriations subcommittee yes
terday as Government spokesmen
urged prompt and generous ac
tion on the foreign relief budget
of more than $1,350,000,000 ap
proved by the House.
High lights of the day’s develop
ments were:
Undersecretary of State Robert A.
Lovett said guerrilla forces are try
ing to set up a “stooge government
by force” in Greece, as he stressed
the need for speedy approval of the
$400,000,000 for Greek-Turkish aid,
which the House allowed.
Army officials, led by newly desig
White House Gets Bill
Allowing Veterans to
Cash Terminal Bonds
Senate Also Approves
Measure to Increase
Subsistence Allowances
By George Beveridge
fhe Senate passed and sent to
the White House yesterday a bill
to allow 9,000,000 former enlisted
men to cash their terminal leave
pay bonds beginning- Septem
ber 2.
The vote was 85 to 0. There was
no immediate indication what ac
tion President Truman would take.
Breaking through the log-jam of
adjournment legislation, the Senate
also approved unanimously a meas
ure to increase subsistence allow
ances to veterans in school under
the GI Bill and passed two other
bills—one affecting amputees, the
other Spanish-American War Vet
erans.
Under the terminal leave pay bill,
Congress' top priority benefit, for
veterans this session, former service
men have the option of getting cash
plus accrued interest for the bonds
por keeping them until the expira
tion of the five-year maturity period.
Treasury Department officials es
timate that if all veterans who have
received non-negotiable bonds cash
them, more than *2,000,000,000 will
be thrown into the spending stream
this fall. Another 1,000,000 veterans
eligible for the grant have not yet
applied for it.
The subsistence increase bill, which
now goes to the House, would raise
payments to veterans in school with
(See VETERANS. Paee A-5.)
nated Secretary of War Royall,
called the relief situation in Ger
many critical, as they asked for
the original budget estimate of
$725,045,349 for relief in all occupied
areas, including Japan and Korea.
The House atyowed $550,000,000 lor
this purpose.
The third big foreign relief item
in the House bill is the $332,000,000
fund for relief in war-devastated
countries outside the zones of occu
pation. Mr. Ijivett said these funds
will help “certain of these countries
to survive until an overall program
is developed.”
Meanwhile, / Senator Connally,
Democrat, of Texas, said he has
“grave doubts” whether the nations
of Europe can be made to co
operate sufficiently to make a long
range Joint- reconstruction plan
work.
The Texan spoke with Senator
(See FOREIGN RELIEF, Page A-4.)
Tydings and Jenner
Exchange Hot Words
Over QXonor Probe
Marylander Accuses
Committee Head of
Injecting Prejudice
Charges of Republican pre
judice in the Senate Rules Sub
committee investigation of the
Maryland election won by Demo
cratic Senator O’Conor last year
were made by Senator Tydings,
Democrat, of Maryland, in a
heated Senate session yesterday.
Senator Tydings accused Chair
man Jenner of prejudicing the in
vestigation in favor of the defeated
Republican candidate, D. John Mar
key.
“You put on, a veneer of imparti
ality,” he shouted, ‘but all you utter
reeks—literally reeks—of partisan
ship.”
Senator Jenner. advancing toward
the Democratic side of the cham
ber, replied in equally loud tones
that Senator O'Conor has tried to
influence handling of the contro
versial election recount.
"I have affidavits that Senator
O’Conor has gone to the people
counting the ballots and said to
them, ‘I want you to challenge
more ballots,’ ” he declared.
“Of course, Colonel Markey has
been as detached from this as sum
iper is from winter,” Senator Tyd
ings answered.
Senator Jenner then declared he
has “plenty of evidence of fraud”
in the Maryland election, contested
by Mr. Markey. He added that
(See ELECTIONS, Page A-i.)
Mrs. Ingalls Guilty of Slavery;
No Verdict on Her Husband
By the Associated Press
SAN DIEGO, Calif.., July 19.—Mrs.
Elizabeth Ingalls, 62, was convicted
of slavery here tonight, but the Fed
eral Court Jury reported five hours
later that it felt it could not reach a
verdict in the case of her husband,
Alfred Wesley Ingalls, 64, jointly
charged.
Mrs. Ingalls' sentence was de
ferred by Judge Jacob Weinbergerj
until July 29.
The court reserved decision on
whether to commit Mrs. Ingalls to
jail pending an appeal which her
attorney said would be filed. The
defense attorney, Clifford Fitzgerald,
in arguing against jailing Mrs. In
galls, said it would mean the death
sentence."
The prosecution contended that i
- ■ 1
the Ingalls had reduced her colored
maid, Dora Jones, 93, to slavery for
40 years by threatening to expose her
affair with Mrs. Ingalls’ first hus
band, Walter Harman, of Washing
ton. D. C.
The jury went out for dinner at
9:30 pm. (EST> and returned to
their deliberations on Mr. Ingalls’
case at 11 o’clock.
The maximum sentence on the (
charge, a violation of the 13th ,
Amendment, is $5,000 fine or five
years imprisonment, or both. j
The Ingalls were the first to be j
charged with slavery in the United .
States since 1880.
Mrs. Ingalls heard the gyilty ver- j
diet without a quiver.
But as her attorney and her
husband arose to plead that she be
(See SLAVERY, Page A-7.)
6 Burma Chiefs
Assassinated in
Council Session
5 Terrorists Spray
Machine-Gun Fire in
Chamber and Flee
By the Associated Press
LONDON, July 19—The British
government announced that five
“terrorists” almost wiped out the
nine-man government of Burma
today with a spray of machine
gun fire which swept the council
chamber in Rangoon.
Maj. Gen. U Aung San, 32-year
old “strong man” who was in line to
become the first Drime minister of
the new independent nation, and
live of his colleagues in the cabinet
were killed and two others wounded.
A guard also was wounded, and the
attackers fled unscathed in a jeep.
The British government's Burma
office called it a “murderous attack.”
Burma apparently was under a
censorship blanket following the in
cident, as no news came directly
from Rangoon concerning the inci
dent except at relayed through the
British governor. Sir Hugert Ranee.
But the official British statement
said, “There is nothing in the reports
so far received to suggest that the
situation is not fully under control.
Further information will be made
available."
Aung San was leader of Burma’s
strongest political party, the Anti
Fascist Peoples’ Freedom League,
which has come into frequent colli
sion'with Burmese Communist Party
members and other Burmese who
contended it was “working with the
British” to make Burma a dominion
within the empire.
Account of Attack.
Hie official account of' the at
tack said:
“When the executive council was
in session, a jeep drew up to the
main entrance. One man stayed
in the jeep and five men armed
with Sten guns and two rifles went
upstairs to the council chambers.
“An armed guard outside the
door tried to stop them and was
shot. He was badly wounded and
could not give any details.. Ute
three men armed with Sten guns
entered the council chamber and
sprayed the occupants with bullets.
They then made good their escape
in the jeep.
“The following casualties are now
confirmed.
“Dead— TJ Aung San', deputy
chairman of the council; U Ba Win,
member for commerce and supplies;
I
I
V AUNG SAN.
—AP Wirephoto
Abdul B&zak, member for education
and planning; Mahn Ba Khaing,
member for industry and labor;
Thakin My a, member for finance;
Ohn Maung, deputy secretary,
transport and communications de
partment.
"Wounded—U Ba Choe, member
for information; the Sawbwa of
Mong Paeon, counsellor for the
frontier areas.
"The casualties were sent to the
general hospital without delay and
the situation is reported to have
been efficiently handled by the po
lice.”
King Sends Sympathy.
Messages of sympathy were sent
by King George ana Prime Minister
Attlee to Gov. Ranee to be delivered
to the relatives of the victims.
In a broadcast, Gov. Ranee de
piorea me assassinations as a
‘dastardly act” and announced the
(See BURMA, Page A-4.)
Korean Leftist, Enemy
Of Reds, Assassinated
•yfh. Asiociotad Prni
SEOUL, Korea, July 19.—Lyuh
Woon-hyung, Korean leftist but
mtt-Communist political leader, was
assassinated today by a Korean
gunman who escaped.
Korean police said the assassin,
*rho appeared to be about 26 years
jld, fired three shots from- a .45
:aliber pistol at the moving automo
jile ,of the 62-year-old Lyuh. Two
struck the victim, who died two
lours later in a hospital. Police said
L.yuh’s bodyguard returned the fire,
rhe gunman fled.
Lyub, possibly the most prominent
lon-Communist leftist in Korea,
lad been repeatedly invited by
American authorities to join in at
empts to form a coalition govem
nent. The Americans said today,
lowever, that he always had refused
o participate, although lending his
lame to such movements.
Lyuh had pursued a hectic career
n which he was frequently beaten
jy unknown attackers.
Lt. Oen. John R. Hodge, American
ommandant of Southern Korea,
old a press conference that only a
ew days ago Lyuh had informed
lim of receiving anonymous threats
>y mail after trying to purge his
ollowing of Communists. He formed
he Korean Laboring People’s Party
ast May 3.
Complete Index, Rg. A-2
Radio Programs, Pg. C-8
I
f
California Democrats Launch
'Wallace for President' Drive
But One Speaker Warns of G. 0. P. Victory
If He Campaigns as Independent
By Gould Lincoln
Star Staff Correspondent
FRESNO, Calif., July 19.—"We
can win with Wallace” was the
cry here today as 300 cheering
California Democrats, convoked
by Robert W. Kenny, former
State attorney general, launched
a "Henry Wallace for President”
campaign.
The meeting was held in the'
Fresno Hotel ballroom in a conven
tion atmosphere of flags, placards,
‘‘Boost Wallace” posters and “Wal
lace in ’48” buttons. Virtually all
of the State’s 23 legislative districts
were represented. Present also were
several State Central committemen
and County Committee chairmen,
Greek Military Chiefs
Seek Army Increase
To Trial of 200,C“i
y-; 1
Aircraft and Infantry ,
Continuing to Harry
Leftist Guerrillas
By the Associated Press
ATHENS, July 19.—The Greek
Military Council, anxious to
secure the kingdom’s borders
against leftist irregulars, has de
cided to ask that the size of the
wt iiivi tflocu uum ii/O pic* ;
sent 130,000 to 180,000 or 200,000.1
informants said today.
The sources said additional mili- j
tary classes probably would be I
called to active duty.
Greek army spokesmen reported
that strafing planes and battle
toughened infantry veterans were
continuing to harry retreating guer
rillas, and indicated that troops
were deploying for a large-scale
mop-up battle northeast of loan
nina.
The Communist-directed EAM
(National Liberation Front! press
bulletin denied that the “Demo
cratic Army”—as it called the ir
regulars—was retreating.
The bulletin said the leftists were
pushing forward in two directions,
to the rear of government forces on
Mount Grammos and south toward
Khasia, where the national forces
routed the guerrillas during the
first phase of the offensive.
The EAM organ added that the
irregulars apparently control the
25-mile highway from Konitsa to
Ioannina and that Mount Gamila,
Mount Grammos and other local
ities northeast of Ioannina were
“constantly occupied by guerrillas.”
The Greek army has claimed con
trol of the Ioannina-Konitsa high
way.
A United Nations investigating
group notified the Albanian govern
ment that it intended to investi
gate the fighting around Konitsa
and said it would visit both sides
of <he border. The group asked
the Albanian government to furnish
all co-operation.
The Ministry of Public Order, dis
closing the extent qf the govern
ment's crackdown against opposi
tion elements, reported that 11,500
persons irom au over ureece were
now under arrest on political
charges.
The ministry said some 7,000 of
(See GREECE, Page A-4.)
Stymie Again Leads
Turf Money Winners
By Taking Gold Cup
Stymie regained the turf
money-winning title he lost to
Assault last week by winning
the first International Gold Cup
race before a crowd of 46,183
yesterday at Belmont Park. As
sault finished third. The South
American invaders, Endeavor
2d and Ensueno, were far back.
Stymie paid $11.50.
The 6-year-old veteran, ably
ridden by Jockey Conn Mc
Creary, trailed Natchez most of
the way, but overtook the sur
f prise second-place finisher in
the stretch to win the $73,000
purse by a" head. The victory
boosted Stymie’s winnings to
$678,510.
(Details in Sports Section,)
J
as well as scores of individual party
members.
All this was despite a discordant
note injected by one speaker who
demanded to know whether Mr. Wal.
lace would run as an independent
should he fail to win the California
delegation and the Presidential
nomination. If so, the speaker said
it would split the liberals and bring
the election of a Republican Presi
dent.
In an “open letter” to Mr. Wallace
—prepared for adoption at a night
session—the left wing Democrats
said:
“We pledge to you that we will
mobilize the Democratic voters ol
the State of California to send a
(See LINCOLN,' Page A-5.)
District Housing Probe
To Spotlight Building
Costs Is Asked by Cain
Effects of Construction
Code Would Be Studied;
$15,000 Fund Sought
A thorough investigation of
the housing situation in the Dis
trict, especially the high cost of
construction, was proposed by a
resolution introduced in the
Senate yesterday by Senator
Cain, Republican, of Washington.
The inquiry would be conducted
by the Senate District Committee
or one of Its subcommittees. A re
nrniil/4 Ka mn/iA t rt rri-APr
with recommendations when it re
convenes next January.
Senator Cain, a member of the
Senate District Committee, intro
duced the resolution for himself,
Senator Dworshak, Republican, of
Idaho, also a member of the Dis
trict Committee; and Senator
O’Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming,
former chairman of the Senate Ap
propriations Subcommittee in. charge
of the District’s supply bill.'
Each of the three. Senator Cain
explained, had a “deep seated in
terest in the District, because of
their service on committees han
dling city affairs.
One of the principal motives for
introduction of the measure, Sena
tor Cain explained, was a series of
complaints that the cost of con
struction now was so high that pub
lic building, even of school houses
should be postponed.
In view of the fact that the new
city supply bill carries substantial
school house construction for this
fiscal year, Senator Cain said it
was important to find out what
contributed to high costs here and
how these costs might be lowered.
Charging that Washington, like
many other communities, had an
‘outmoded building code,” Senator
Cain said it was generally recognized
that such codes increased construc
tion costs.
The resolution, referred to the
Senate District Committee, calls
for $15,000 out of the contingent
fund of the Senate for employment
(See HOUSING, Page A-7.)
More Than 20,000 Expected
At Model Plane Show Today
Approximately 1,000 miniature
planes will take to the air today in
the Second National Capital Model
Air Show and more than 20,000 per
sons are expected to watch their
maneuvers.
The only large model plane ex
hibition held annually in tjie Wash
ington area will be staged at Hybla
Valley Airport, three miles south of
Alexandria on U. S. Route 1. The
program will begin at 9 a.m.
The late Gen. George S. Patton’s
personal jeep, upholstered in red
leather, and portable Army radar
equipment will be among the ex
hibits. After the show, the Jeep will
be taken to the Patton Museum at
Ird Army Headquarters, Atlanta.
Speeds of well abovt 100 hi lies
per hour in the miniature control
line flights were predicted by Carl
Hopkins, program director of the
show, which is sponsored by The
Star, the Veterans of Foreign Wars
and the National Airport Club.
*
>1
Mr. Hopkins promised “an eight
ring ’ circus.” He listed jet model
flights and trick flying by fast-mov
ing models on guidelines as among
the features.
Brig. Gen. Frederic H. Smith,
commanding general of the Civil
Air Patrol, and Mrs. Blanche Noyes,
famed flyer now with the CAP. are
to present the 75 prizes.
Gen. Smith has praised the model
building activity as a means of pro
moting air mindedness in the Na
tion and training youth in principles
of aerodynamics, saying:
"We hope to interest public
schools, as well as civic groups, in a
program of State and regional model
air meets next year, culminating in
a national Army championship in
the fall of 1948.”
The CAP will issue a booklet on
the subject, Gen. Smith announced.
At least three junior State cham
CSee MODEL PLANES, Page A-lf)
I
U. S. Urged to Retain
Control of 2 Hospitals
Under D C. Home Rule
House Witnesses Agree
On Status of Freedmen's
And St. Elizabeths
By Vincent Dwyer
St. Elizabeths and Freedmen’s
Hospitals should continue Fed
eral control if home rule is
granted to the District, Federal
and District welfare and hospital
officials declared yesterday.
If St. Elizabeth were put under
District supervision conditions would
not improve and the “patients would
suffer,” Dr. Winfred Overholser
superintendent of the hospital, told
a House District ■ Subcommittee or
Home Rule and Reorganization. Th<
subcommittee is holding hearings
for the purpose of writing a pro
posed charter for the District to be
presented to the January session
of Congress.
Dr. Overholser said District com
plaints about St. Elizabeths did not
relate to the care given patients but
to the cost, and if the cost went down
it would work a hardship on the
patients.
Ruhland Testifies.
District Health Officer George C.
Ruhland told the subcommittee that
the District, under home rule, should
continue to use the two hospitals
and “should not provide its own
f A aUKak Ut, n - r
| these institutions or by creation or
! expansion of its own facilities.”
Director Charles E. Burbridge of
I Freedman's said if his hospital were
, put under District control it would
J mean one-third of the patients,
who now come from outside the Dis
trict, would go without medical
care. It also would interfere with
the good relationship between How
ard University, a Federal institu
tion, which provides the hospital's
staff members.
The District paid St. Elizabeths
$3.55 a day for each of its patients
in thei last 11 months, according to
a statement to the subcommittee
from Public Welfare Director Ray
Huff. He said in 1946 New York
paid $2 a day for the care of its
insane patients, Massachusetts, $1.27
and Illinois, $1.61, but that costs
were higher generally this year. In
1946, -the District paid $2.35 a day
per patient:
D. C. Cost Up Two Millions.
Raymond F. Clapp, assistant wel
fare director, told the subcommittee
that the hospital was rendering a
heeded service well. He said the
cost to the District for patients kept
there was about $2,000,000 more a
(See HOME RULE. Page A-ll.)
Mrs. Harkness Dies
PITTSBURGH, (A5). —Homi
cide Detective John Nugent
said the body of Mrs. Ruth
Harkness, 46-year-oid explorer
and author, had been found in
a bathtub in a hotel tonight.
Detective Nugent said there
was no evidence of foul play,
but an autopsy has been, or
dered.
Horan Letters
To City Leaders
Urge.Sales Tax
Business, Civic Heads
Get Plea for Levy to
Raise D. C. income
SPEED URGED FOR D. C. Legisla
tion as Congress Session Nears
End. Page A-13
By Harold B. Rogers
Representative Horan, Repub
lican, of Washington has
| launched a personal campaign
] among civic and business leaders
jhere for enactment of a city
! sales tax.
In a letter mailed to “scores” of
prominent citizens, Mr. Horan de
clared the growing needs of the
city could not be met adequately in
the future under the new revenue
program, recently adopted.
As chairman of the House ap
propriations subcommittee writing
the District’s record-breaking supply
bill, Mr. Horan said, “not everything
i ctesiraoie irom tne stanapoint oi
i the community’s needs” could be
provided. The $94,000,000 measure
now Is in conference to iron out
differences between House and
Senate.
Text of Hearings Mailed Out.
Mr. Horan mailed with each letter
a copy of the hearings consisting of
1.616 pages. He asked each of the
taxpayers to whome he mailed it
! to read the record ana analyze the
j problems faced by the city. He
[asked them to draw their own con
| elusions and report to the District
j Commissioners.
[ The sales tax, he wrote, “seems an
admirable tax program for the Dis
trict and would solve the difficult
revenue problem which faced us
this year and which will grow more
acute in 1949.”
Mr. Horan long has campaigned
in Congress for a sales tax. But
his latest move, calling directly on
j Washington taxpayers to support
| the levy, was unusual for a House
| member.
Federal Payment Discussed.
In the letter Mr. Horan said he
favored a more adequate plan for
[fixing the Federal payment towards
[city costs. He predicted, however,
it might lead to annual “fiscal
bewilderment,” as it came up for
change each year.
The District government, he de
clared could not be supported pro
perly on its present scale of expan
sion “without a more adequate plan
for determining the Federal pay
ment, and. sertous consideration
being given Knmediately to the levy
of a sales tax.” ;
in making public tne text or ms
letter to taxpayers last night, Mr.
Horan Issued a five-page statement
why he took this new line of ap
proach to the Washington public.
In Congress, Mr. Horan has met
defeat for the sales tax at eveiy
turn. His bill to insert the sal*
tax irt the citys new revenue pro
gram was killed on the floor of the
-See HORAN? Page A-7.)
Clay Criticizes Bevans
For Link to Gem Case
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, July 10.
—Gen. Lucius D. Clay publicly crit
icized one of his highest-ranking
generals in Germany tamight for
the officer’s connection with the
Hesse (Kronberg) jewel theft trials.
An Army announcement said Gen.
Clay had reviewed the report of the
inspector general "concerning the
connection of Maj. Gen. James M.
Bevans with the Kronberg jewel
case.”
Gen. Bevans, who is the Army's
personnel chief in Germany, was
named in the Kronberg trials as
having “accepted" a silver pitcher
from Kronberg Castle just like one
Maj. David F. Watson sent to his
home in Burlingame, Calif., before
he was apprehended and sentenced
to three years in jail.
“Gen. Clay believes that the evi
dence presented by the inspector
general shows Gen. Bevans to have
displayed extremely poor Judg
ment,” the Army announcement
said.
“Gen. Clay has decided that he
will take no further action in the
case against Gen. Bevans until final
action against the principals in the
case has been taken by the United
States Government.”
The allegation that Gen. Bevans
had “accepted" a pitcher from Kion
berg Castle, which the Army ran as
an officers’ club, was made by Col.
Jack W. Durant, who was sentenced
by a court martial to 15 years im
prisonment for his part in the $1,
500,000 theft.
The nris/in sentences aeainst, Dll
rant, Watson and Durant’s wife, the
former Capt. Kathleen Nash Durant,
have still to be reviewed by the War
Department and the President.
Star Is Conducting
No Poll
Complaints from readers are
reaching The Star concerning
a survey or questionnaire or
poll in which they are being
asked what they read in The
Star, why they prefer The
Star, what their incomes are
and other questions which
the complainants regard as
annoying and personal.
The Star wishes to make it
understood that it is making
no such survey, or poll, has
nothing to do with it, is not
asking personal questions of
its readers and is not respon
sible for the persons who are
asking the questions.

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