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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 22, 1947, Image 2

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U. 5, Protest to Reds
Or Missing Equipment
Blocks Lend-Lease
By the Associated Press
A new American protest to Moscow
involving $1,000,000 worth of oil ma
rhinery missing in Romania clouded
Russia's hope today of getting lend
lease refinery equipment from the
United States.
Delivery of $18,000,000 worth of
post lend-lease supplies, much of it
oil- equipment, has been stopped by
Congress because of Moscow's delay
in settling the Soviet^ Union’s war
time account.
Administration officials who have
urged Congress to relax this stand
lest it be interpreted abroad as
an American disregard of contract
pledges acknowledged that Russia’s
tactics in Romania might per
manently bar the shipment despite
Moscow's willingness to pay for the
goods.
Note Sent to Russians.
The State Department disclosed
yesterday a formal note had been
handed the Soviet Foreign Office,
protesting Russia’s failure to pay for
7.000 tons of oil equipment removed
from Romania by Red Army troops.
In its detailed memorandum, the
United States contended that Rus
sian members of a Soviet-American
Commission set up to iron out the
question had:
1. Failed to co-operate during nine
meetings held over a period of 23
rvi f Vl c
2. Delayed replying to American
documents which, the State Depart
ment said, proved the oil properties
belonged to Ronfano-Americana, a
subsidiary of the Standard Oil Co.,
of New Jersey.
The Russian position throughout
the long argument, the State De
partment said, was to ask proof that
the further requested proof that all
equipment owned by the company
between January, 1942, and October,
1944, was not Nazi property.
U. S. Members Withdraw.
Discouraged by the Russian atti
tude the American members of the
commission withdrew June 12 be
cause :
“It became obvious there was no
hope of securing any co-operation
from Soviet members in carrying out
the commission’s responsibilities.”
The commission was organized in
1945 as the result of a Potsdam Big
Three agreement. The State De
partment announcement said the
American Embassy in Moscow has
requested a statement from the Rus
sian government expressing “its
views and intentions” on the case.
ITie $18,000,000 worth of supplies
being held up by congressional man
date represents industrial equipment
intended for Russia under the war
time mutual aid arrangement.
Blockade of Chinese Reds
May Bar UNRRA Shipments
me Assoomea rre»
SHANGHAI, July 22.—There were
strong Indications today that the
Nationalist blockade of Communist
areas, which is preventing UNRRA
supplies from reaching the Reds,
might lead to suspension of such
supplies to government-held ter
ritory north of the Yangtze River.
Suspension of supplies from the
International agency would have to
be approved by the UNRRA Council
in Washington, to which various
recommendations are being sent by
Its Far Eastern Committee. Commit
teemen conferred today with Harlan
Cleveland, director of UNRRA's
China office.
Should supplies to government
held areas north of the great river
be suspended, it was believed they
would be continued to other Na
tionalist- regions in China.
Communist relief officials de
manded recently the withdrawal of
UNRRA aid to China if the agency
fans to arrange for delivery cf sup
plies to Communist areas. Because
of the blockade, no UNRRA supplies
have been sent to Red regions since
July 8.
Officer Leaves $7 500
To Church at Luray
Special Dispatch to Tho Star
LURAY, Va„ July 22.—The Luray
Methodist Church will receive $7,500
from the estate of Mervil Roller, a
steward of the church, under terms
of a will probated here.
Other bequests included $2,500 to
the Children's Home Society of
Richmond and $1,000 to the Golden
Rule Foundation of New York.
Bulk of the estate, valued at
$55,000. was divided in varying
amounts among several brothers,
old l/Ci c, niched ttiiu liCHncwa.
Weather Report
District of Columbia — Mostly
cloudy but with a little sunshine
this afternoon. Highest temperature
about 75., Clear and cool tonight
•with lowest temperature about 58.
Tomorrow mostly sunny and con
tinued cool.
Virginia—Clear and cooler to
night. Tomorrow mostly sunny and
continued cool.
Wind velocity, 18 miles per hour;
direction, west-northwest.
River Report.
(From United State* engineers.) I
Potomac River cloudy at Harpers Ferry
anti muddy at Great Falls: Shenandoah
elear at Harpers Ferry.
Temperatare and Humidity.
(Readings at Washington National Airport.)
Temperature Humidity
Tet'erday— Degrees. Percent.
Noon _ 7* 7*
4 p.m. _ ' 0 83
8 p.m._-_ 70 81
Midnight _ 69 90
Today—
8 am. - 64 8,
1:30 p.m. _ 72 62
Reeord Temperaturei This Tear.
Highest, 93. on June 11.
Lowest, 7, on February 8.
Tide Table*.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow.
Wish _ 12:20p.m. 1:12 a.m.
Lew _ 6:45 a.m. 7:42 a.m.
Hlsh _ 12:57 a.m. __p.m
Low _ 7:13 P.m. 8:05 P.m.
The San and Moon.'
Rises. Sets.
Sun, today - 5:00 r.29
Sun, tomorrow .. 5:01 (.28
Moon, today_ 11:06 a.m. 11:44 p.m.
Automobile llthts must be turned on
•ne-half hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in Inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1947. Aver. Record.
January _ 3.18 3.55 7.83 ’37
February - 1-27 3.37 6.84 ’84
March 1.02 3.75 8.84 ’91
5Sril I _ 2.48 3.27 9.13 ’89
Hfci "" _ 4.44 3.70 10.69 ’89
judb ""_ 6.86 4.13 10.94 ’00
Juj,_ 3.21 4.71 10.63 86
Aucust _ ___ 4.01 14.41
September -- 3.3J »2-« '.ft
October - — g £i §■& .ill
VZlStZ :::::: ::: HI *8 -8?
Temperature* In Various Cities.
Albuaueroue 92 65 Miami - 85 77
Itlantfe City 74 68 JfeiT Orleans 93 72 j
i it s asag:. 1 s
fe‘°::?25 g
fa Paso 96 72 Portland. M. 75 64
feaar. 8 Si ISSffW 9
fcjs^Chy 77 H i**anttfent0n.10 g 8
gSs*!; II T*aw-— "
m Mu ill'
WARTIME EYESORE DISAPPEARING—A construction crane Is finishing the work of removing
the covered bridge between the Navy Building and temporary buildings in Potomac Park. The
work will be completed by the end of this week, public buildings officials say. Lincoln Memorial,
from which crowds again can enjoy the reflection of Washington Monument, is in the background.
—Star Staff Photo.
Blasting of Truck
Stirs Fear of New
Palestine Violence
By the Associated Press
JERUSALEM, July 22.—Grenades
were hurled at a British military
truck in Jerusalem today, raising
fear of a renewal of the wave of
violence which in four days has
taken five lives and Injured 29 per
sons in the Holy Land.
Approximately 90,000 of Palestine's
Jews remained under a British-im
posed dawn-to-dusk house arrest,
but little hope of peace was in sight.
Irgun Zvai Leumi, Jewish under
ground organization, appealed to
members of the two other under
ground groups, Haganab and the
Stern Gang, to join in its offensive
against British rule.
Today’s attack caused no casual
ties. But general alarm sirens—the
eighth such alarm in four days—
sent troops to action stations, and
security compound gates were
quickly closed as armored cars
dashed through the streets of Jeru
salem. The attack occurred near an
army pay station in an area where
other attacks were made on military
installations in the past three days.
Result of Ship Interception.
The attacks apparently were the
result oi me tsriwsn interception oi
the refugee ship, Exodus of 1047,
and the subsequent decision to de
port all 4.500 of the vessel’s uncer
tified Jewish immigrants back to
France.
The Jewish Agency, which has de
nounced the deportation, made offi
cial representations today to the
British, French and Palestine gov
ernments. an agency spokesman an
nounced, giving no further details.
In the all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv,
unofficial reports said terrorist bands
carried out two diamond robberies
and escaped with $40,000 worth of
loot. In one of the attacks, five
armed men attacked a diamond fac
tory owner on crowded Allenby
street and seized $35,000 in diamonds
which he was carrying, the reports
said. A few minutes later a jewelry
shop in another part of the city
was raided.
Arab States Score Plan
To Establish Jewish State
^ i
BEIRUT, Lebanon, July 22 (JPi.—K
representative -Uf the Arab states
told the United Nations Special
Committee on Palestine today that
these nations were "firmly con
vinced” establishment of a Jewish
state in Palestine would "lead to
disturbances and war throughout
the East.”
Foreign Minister Hamid Frangieh
of Lebanon—speaking for Lebanon,
Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and
Yemen—added that "mere recom
mendations of a royal commission
in 1937 for partition of Palestine was
sufficient to inflame a furious Arab
revolt, which continued till the out
break of the last war."
The testimony, first official contact
of the U. N. Committee with Arab
views, demanded immediate cessa
tion of the British mandate over
Palestine, a halt to Jewish immigra
tion, and establishment of an in
dependent Palestine.
Favor Proportional Representation.
The Arab states declared:
"The only possible and reliable
settlement which • * * constitutes a
compromise by the Arabs is to re
gard every Jew who has lawfully
obtained Palestinian citizenship de
spite Arab opposition as equal in
rights and duties to Arab inhabi
tants * • • and to set up an inde
pendent national government on the
basis of proportional representa
tion.”
"There is no foundation,” the
Arab statement continued, "to
allegations of Zionist leaders that
the minority in Palestine of Jews
would be persecuted.”
It added that Arabs always have
treated the Jewish communities in
their midst "with Justice and
equality.”
The Arab states asserted that with
Fascist and Nazi regimes destroyed,
there was “little validity" for the
Zionist desire “to transport several
hundred thousands of Jews to Pales
tine to save them from persecu
tion."
Palestine Government
Impounds Jewish Ship
LONDON. July 22 (JP).—A Colonial
Office spokesman said today that the
President Warfield, former American
excursion steamer which carried
4.500 uncertified Jewish immigrants
from Southern Prance to Palestine,
had been impounded by the Holy
Land government.
Meanwhile the British Foreign
Office threw the fate of the Jewish
immigrants into the lap of the
French government. A spokesman
told a news conference it was “a
matter for France” to decide where
the immigrants go after they have
been returned to French territory.
Cuba shipped over 3.500 tons of
candy to the United States in a
recent month.
Discoverer Calls Penicillin
Dangerous to Bleeders
ly lh* AsteciaUd Prm
COPENHAGEN. Denmark, Julj
22.—Sir Alexander Fleming. whc
developed penicillin, said yesterdaj
overdoses of the drug might impaii
the ability of the blood to coagulate
The British scientist told micro
biologists from 30 countries that
penicillin, accordingly, would be dan
gerous if used in diseases which
caused bleeding. He said the dangei
occurred in applications of more
than 50,000 units per cubic centi
meter.
LONDON, July 22 (/P).—A British
biochemist has disclosed the exact
way penicillin works to check bac
teria that cause most boils ant
abscesses.
The discovery was announced bj
Dr. Ernest F. Gale, Cambridge Uni
versity, before the 11th Inter
national Congress of Pure ant
Applied Chemistry.
He said penicillin halted th<
growth of staphylococcus aureus
the germ usually responsible foi
these afflictions, by preventing the
bacteria from absorbing the glutamic
acid they need to multiply.
CAB Plans to Require
Use of Radar to Warn
Of Flight Obstructions
ly th» Associated Press
The Civil Aeronautics Board hai
given formal notice of proposed new
rules to require radar terrain-clear
ance indicators in airliners for a
two-year experimental period be
ginning January 1.
The board also announced a pro
posed new rule requiring increased
clearances in flying over mountain
ous terrain during bad weather and
the revival of a prewar rule requir
ing the carrying of an automatic
flight recorder.
The two new proposals grew from
President Truman's special Aii
Safety Inquiry Board. The third
is one which has been under dis
cussion for some time as an aid tc
enforcement of flight -rules and in
vestigation of accidents.
The flight recorder is a device
placed In the tail of the plane tc
show Its path through the air and
also the effect of rough air on the
plane. Use of the recorder was
dropped in June, 1944, because ol
wartime materials shortages.
The radar absolute terrain prox
imity indicator will -be used as *
supplement to pressure type alti
meters. One now on the market
shows a light and blows a horn when
the plane approaches within a speci
fied distance of an obstruction. The
hoard’s nrmxwed rule would reouire
such a device in all scheduled airline
planes flying at night cr through
overcast.
The proposed terrain clearance
rule would increase the minimum
altitude over the highest ground on
a route from 1,000 feet to 3,000 feet
under certain conditions.
Upper Marlboro Youth, 18,
Drowns in Pool at Beach
(From. Yesterdav’t Last Edition.)
Joseph Wells, Jr., 18, of Upper
Marlboro, drowned in a pool at the
Chesapeake Beach Park Sunday,
Maryland State police reported.
Mr. Wells, a clerk in a liquor store
at Upper Marlboro, was taken from
the water by John Moose, a life
guard, after a girl swimmer saw him
disappear in the water. Efforts ol
the North Beach Pire Department
to revive him with a respirator
failed. County Medical Examiner
Hugh Ward issued a certificate ol
death by drowning.
The search for another apparent
drowning victim. Jack Dalrymple,
jr„ 16, of Kenwood Beach, Calvert
County! continued today. The boy
apparently fell from a fishing boat
and disappeared in Chesapeake Bay
near the Coptank River Basin yes
teraay, ponce saia.
Dorsey Gray of Prince Frederick
an occupant of the boat, told police
the fishermen first knew of the boy's
plight when they heard a splash
He said the youth was seen swim
ming for a while and then went
under.
1902 Car From Virginia
Chugs West for Swap
§y tHe Associated Prase
ALBANY, N. Y., July 23.—A 1902
Oldsmobile, capable of making 20
miles an hour, chugged through
Albany today.
The automobile's owner, William
A. Worth, 76, of Petersburg, Va., is
en route from Petersburg to Lans
ing, Mich. He has owned the car
since 1904.
Mr. Worth said he plans to drive
the car to Lansing and offer it to
the Oldsmobile factory—and to
drive back to Virginia in a 1948
model.
U. S. Warned to Take
Steps for Preservation
Of Fertility of Soil
ly th« A»«ociot»d Prwi
Charles F. Brannan, Assistant
Secretary of Agriculture, testified
today the United States has the land
resources to produce an abundance
of food and “things people want in
the quantities they desire.”
But, Mr. Brannon told a Senate
public lands subcommittee, '‘unless
we take increasing steps to preserve
our soil and its fertility” the picture
will change "for the worst.”
Mr. Brannan told the group, which
is studying the Nation's resources
that far from seeing the limit of oui
productive efficiency “we are just
beginning to see the possibilities.”
He added that Americans would
like to buy about one-third more
food than in prewar years 1935-1939
and that it is possible to meet these
needs.
Proper Shifts Emphasised.
Mr. Brannan said “we have never
used, nor are we using “systems ol
soil and forest management that
wm sustain permanent mgn-ievei
productivity.”
He told the committee:
"But if we are going to save our
soil and put it on a sustained pro
duction basis we must make the
kind of shifts which are called for
by this long range program of abun
dant production * * *.
"If we do choose to build and con
serve our resources—and we must
in order to survive—then we have
no alternate but to accept abundance
and learn to live with it.”
Mr. Brannan said it "seems fairly
obvious” that the United States will
continue to need regular and sizable
foreign markets for cotton, wheat,
tobacco, lard, rice and certain fruits
and vegetables.
Profitable Alternatives.
"But I would emphasize.” he con
tinued, "that if we make the shifts
to livestock and other products
which our people want in greater
abundance, it will make us less de
pendent on export markets than
would otherwise be the case.
"Such shifts should offer profitable
alternatives to farmers who might
otherwise suffer when foreign mar
kets return to more nearly normal
levels. ' •
"Likewise, such a high consump
tion economy envisions a high level
of import* of foods not grown here
such a* coffee, tea, banana* and
other troplpal product*,” „
To sustain the high consumption
economy, Mr. Brannan said, the Na
tion needs more than 430,000,000
acre* for crops, rotation pasture and
fallow land. He said this is about
10,000,000 acres higher than the
comparable figure for 1946 or for
the 1937-1941 average.
Maryland University Adds
Two to English Department
Dr. Guy A. Cardwell, head of the
department of English at the Uni
versity of Maryland, has announced
the addition of Dr. Cari Bode and
Dr. Alfred O. Aldridge to the de
partment's staff.
Dr. Bode, an authority on Henry
David Thoreau, is the writer of two
books about the naturalist-author
and now is at work on a third. Dr.
Aldridge has been connected with
the University of Buffalo.
University officials also announced
that Jack W. Bryan would return to
direct new courses in journalism.
Brooklyn Twins Bear
Children at Same Time
Sy rtx AiwioMd Pr*u ^
NEW YORK. July 22.—Peter J.
Donahue and Joseph Murphy, who
married twin sisters and share a
double house in Brooklyn, can start
stringing up matching clothes lines.
Their wives gave birth to their
first children Saturday at a Brook
lyn hospital, attended by the same
doctor who delivered the mothers 33
years ago.
“We all did very nicely," Dr. Henry
Aronson said.
Sixty small plants in Shanghai,
China, which owed workers baek
wages had to close.
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# .. . 1 t __ L
Eisler Once Selected
Top Red Committee,
Ex-Communist Says
By Ntwbotd Noyes, Jr.
Gerhart Eisler personally chose
members of the Central Committee,
governing body of the American
Communist Party, elected in May,
1934, a District Court Jury was told
today.
Eisler, reputed chief Kremlin
agent here, is on trial, charged with
failing to tell the Government when
he applied for a permit to leave the
country in 194S that he had Com
munist affiliations in this country,
had used aliases, and had been in
the United States in the 1930s.
Joseph Zack Komfeder, a charter
member and former leader of the
American Communist Party, testi
fied for the Government all morn
ing. He depicted Eisler as a man
whose word was law in Communist
ranks.
Mr. Komfeder told the Jury he
was expelled from the party in 1934,
one month after Eisler had warned
him he would be ousted if he did
not conform to the party line on
labor policy.
jcnsicr, as a representative oi me
Communist International, also di
rected American Communists to at
tempt to infiltrate the Civilian Con
servation Corps, the American Fed
eration of Labor and several veter
ans’ organizations during the early
years of the Roosevelt administra
tion, Mr. Kornfeder said.
Delegates Hand-Picked.
The witness, who said he was in
charge of labor relations for the
Communist Party in Ohio and Ken
tucky, asserted that in 1934 Eisler
not only hand-picked delegates from
Ohio to the party’s national con
vention, but alsc selected the slate
which was unanimously elected to
the Central Committee at the na
tional convention in May.
"Eisler told me that he saw to It
that the incoming Central Commit
tee was composed of such members
as would act with unanimity,” Mr.
Kornfeder said. * * * He said we
must make sure to have a commit
tee which would be unanimous and
thus eliminate vacillation.’’
It was at this convention, accord
ing to Mr. Kornfeder, that Eisler
twice warned him of "serious conse
quences" if he (Kornfeder) insisted
on speaking against the labor poli
cies which Eisler had laid down for
the party at that time.
-nils policy, Mr. Kornfeder said,
was one of infiltrating the AFL,
whereas his view was that “the main
activity should be among unorgan
ized workers.”
Expelled From Party.
Mr. Kornfeder, who had planned
to address the convention for 30
minutes on the subject, finally made
a flve-minute speech, he said.
Later, Mr. Kornfeder said he “met
Eisler confidentially In a New York
park."
“Mr. Eisler asked me to make a
written statement for publication in
Communist newspapers repudiating
my criticism of the Political Bureau’s
position on laoor policy,” Mr. Kom
.feder said. “He told me that if I re
fused to make such a statement, I
would be expelled from the party.
Mr. Kornfeder said nevertheless
he refused.
“And were you expelled from the
party after that?” asked Asaistsuit
United States Attorney William Hitz.
“Yes,” Mr. Kornfeder replied!
“How long was that after the con
versation in the park?”
“Within a month," said Mr.
Kornfeder.
Recruiting for CCC Urged.
The witness said that in the sum
mer of 1933 in Cleveland, Eisler told
him the Ohio branch of the party
must recruit several hundred young
persons for work in the newly or
ganized CCC camps. ,
"It is necessary for the party to
establish contact with this move
ment in order to win over the young
people in the camps,” Mr. Korn
feder quoted Eisler as saying.
An another time, according to
Mr. Kornfeder, Eisler informed him
the party “must organize a commit
tee ior activity among me veterans.
Mr. Komfeder. a short, stout, bald
and bespectacled man who speaks
with a heavy accent and Is now
employed by the V-Seal Corp. of
Detroit, told the jury yesterday he
had served as representative of the
Communist International in South
America in 1931.
Before that, he said, he had spent
three years studying revolutionary
strategy at the Lenin Institute In
Moscow. The Government contends
that Eisler worked with this organ
isation in 1931 and 1932.
• Yesterday the Government sought
to bring out that in 1935 and 1936
two tripe by Eisler from the United
States to Europe were paid for by
the Communist party.
Records Introduced.
Records of a New York travel
agency, referring to the ocean trips
of one ‘Samuel Llptzin,” were intro
duced in evidence. ‘‘Samuel Lipt
zin," said the Government, was
Eisler.
The name "Blake” appeared on
these records and Mr. Hitz brought
out this meant the trip in question
was to be charged to a person of that
name.
Manning Johnson, former Com
munist organiser of the Buffalo fN.
Y.) district, testified that In 1935
and 1935 the financial treasurer of
the American Communist party was
a man who used the names "Blake”
and "Weiner.”
Ashley J. Nicholas, assistant chief
of the State Department’s passport
division, brought in the photostated
records of the travel agency. World
Tourists, Inc. He said that, in 1939,
when he was a special assistant
United States attorney in New York,
these records were subpoenaed by
the Justice Department, along with
those of several thousand other cus
tomers of World Tourists, Inc.
Others Charged to "Blake."
Perhaps 30 or 40 of these trans
actions had been recorded as charge-1
able to “Blake” or "Weiner," Mr.'
Nicholas said.
This was all the Jury was told on
the subject yesterday. Out of its!
hearing, however, Justice James W.
Morris was Informed that a man
named Welwel Warszower, a vice!
president of World Tourist, Inc., was j
also financial t.raacnrar nt fh» rnm.
inunist Party in 1935 and 1936. His
party names, at various times, were
“Blake” and "Weiner,” Mr. Hitz
said, and it was through him that
the charge arrangement worked.
In other testimony late yesterday,
Bernard J. Kelley, superviser of the
Justice Department's Immigration
Service, said the name “Samuel
Liptzin” appeared on the manifest
of the ship Berengaria when it
sailed from New York for England
on June 19. 1935. The same name,
he said, was on that ship’s manifest
when it returned to New York on
October 30, 1935. “Samuel Liptzin”
again was listed on the manifest of
the He de Prance when it sailed
for Prance on April 23, 1936.
Picket Line Protests
High Cost of Meat
Seven women, carrying empty
market baskets, today picketed in
front of the National Press Building
where the American Meat Institute
has its offices—as a protest over
high meat prices.
They are volunteers of the Wash
ington Committee for Consumer
Protection which is sponsoring a
“Don’t-Buy-Meat Week” here. At
the same time, the committee is
wires calling for a congressional in
vestigation of the meat packing
industry.
While the women paraded up and
down the F street entrance to the
building, two other housewives dis
tributed handbills to passersby.
The handbills urged consumers:
‘‘Buy chicken, buy fish, buy cheese
and eggs, but don’t buy meat.” They
claimed that "the big meat packers”
were responsible for the fact that
“round steak that sold for 45 cents
last June (1946) cost 85 cents last
week.”
A committee spokesman has esti
mated that 12,000 persons have ’
signed petitions since the drive be
gan last Friday.
Veteran, Dressed
As Clown, Seeks
Job in Baltimore
Iy tKs Associated Press
BALTIMORE, July 32.—Robert F.
flrnca nararloH thmmrh DaHimhrc
streets dressed as a clown yesterday,
but the 27-year-old disabled war
veteran wasn’t kidding about his
need for a Job.
He caried a sandwich board read
ing: "Disabled GI, but not men
tally. Disires job. Will try any
thing. All offers considered.’’
Mr. Gross explained he was in
need of a job to care for his wife
and two children. Since his dis
charge in 1944 with a spine injury
suffered in a Pacific island, the
veteran said he had been forced to
give up two manual labor jobs.
“All I want is enough money to
make a living. All my income now
is the $27 a week I get from the
Government for my disability,” he
said.
Mr. Gross said he resorted to the
clown get-up to attract attention
only after conventional methods to
obtain employment failed.
U. S. Haganah Society
To Bring Underground
System Out Into Open
By Edwin A. Lohey
A new organization, to be known
as the American Friends of Haganah,
will be launched officially shortly,
possibly within a week, according to
sources close to the Zionist move
ment.
The organization now is in forma
tion in New York.
Haganah is the main body of
the Jewish resistance movement in
Palestine.
Originally conceived as a defense
militia, Haganah now officially de
fines "defense” as the defense of the
landing of immigrants and of the
settlement on the land, regardless
of restrictions and laws Imposed by
the British “in violation of their
solemn obligations.”
Formation of the American Friends
of Haganah will, in effect, bring into
the open a vast “underground rail
road” system that has been operat
ing in the United States.
It is an open secret that much of
the money required for the acquisi
tion and manning of ships to run
the British blockade of Palestine has
come from unidentified American
friends of Haganah,
A smaller resistance movement in
Palestine known as the Irgun, which
is devoted to acts of terrorism
airtcf tha DrtHeVi ra that* than
large-scale attempts at running “il
legal” immigrants into the Jewish
homeland, already has formal and
highly vocal sponsorship among the
many American committees inter
ested in Zionism.
The American League for a Free
Palestine, whose most fiery spokes
man is Ben Hecht, the playwright,
has held intensive fund-raising
campaigns for the Irgun terrorist
group, to the extreme annoyance of
British officials.
Mystery still surrounds the Ameri
can connections of the Haganah.
Officials of the various Jewish-aid
committees here assert vaguely that
the support of this resistance move
ment is on an individual basis. This
despite the organizational work ob
viously required to buy, man and
equip a blockade runner like the
Exodus 1947, a former Chesapeake
Bay excursion steamer which fig
ured in a dramatic battle with Brit
ish destroyers off Palestine Hit
week.
(Copyright. 1947. Chicago Dali? New«.)
Former Senator Owen, 91,
To Be Buried at Lynchburg
Private funeral services for Rob
ert L. Owen, 91, one of Oklahoma’s
first two Senators, were held here
yesterday. Mr. Owen died Sat
urday.
The body will be taken to his
bitrhplace at Lynchburg, Va.. to
morrow for burial. The body of
Mrs. Owen, who died last year also
will be moved to Lynchburg. Her
body has been in a vault in a Wash
ington cemetery.
Among those attending (he serv
ices here yesterday were Senator
and Mrs. Elmer Thomas and Repre-1
sentatives Stigler, Monroney, Albert
and Morris, all of Oklahoma; Fed
eral Communications Commissioner
Paul Walker and Mrs. Walker and
Miss Emallne Samuel, president of
the Oklahoma Society in Washing
ton
Congress in Brief
ly fh« AiMcmttd Prtn
Senate.
Debates President Truman’s plan
to reorganise Federal housing agen
cies.
Public Welfare Subcommittee
meets behind closed doors to con
sider bill to set up a Fair Employ
ment Practices Commission.
Appropriations Committee meets
to consider deficiency and War De
partment civil functions bills.
State-House conferees seek com
promise on bill to unify the armed
services.
House.
Considers miscellaneous legisla
tion.
Un-American Activities Commit
tee hears Victor Kravchenko, author
>f “I Chose Freedom,” testify on ;
communism.
Flood Control Fund
Request Considered
By Senate Committee
By tK« Associated Press
The Senate Appropriations Com
mittee today considered legislation
accepting in part President Tru
man's request for more flood control
money.
Approved by a subcommittee late
yesterday, the bill carries nearly
$300,000,000 in construction funds for
flood control and $43,000,000 for
rivers and harbors during the fiscal
year which began 21 days ago.
As passed by the House, the meas
ure provided $122,269,800 and $17,
367,700 for flood control and rivers
and harbors construction, respec
tively.
The subcommittee Increased from
$24,000,000 to $50,000,000 an appropri
ation for the lower Mississippi Val
ley’s flood control program, $12,
000,000 to be used for maintenance
and the rest for construction
Chairman Gurney said the sub
committee took into account the
President's request for $250,000,000
in addition to an overall House flood
control appropriation of $157,000,
000 to begin a 10-year program for
controlling floods and utilizing water
resources.
Agriculture Deadlock Persists.
iUCOUWlUlC, «» UX CBvll UCtWCCU 1<XID
Senate and House on the big Agri
culture Department appropriation
bill remained wide open after the
Senate refused 'to back down after
a six-hour discussion.
Yesterday in a series of three
unanimous roll calls and a voice
vote, the Senate sent the measure
back to a conference with the House
for a second time, telling its repre
sentatives to stick by their guns.
The conferees broke up last week,
reporting they were unable to agree.
At a session last Friday the House
declined to yield except to the ex
tent of granting *100,000,000 more
than it previously voted for soil con
servation.
The Senate decided yesterday that
wasn't good enough. It voted 81 to
0 to insist on the *295,635.000 it
originally approved for the program
in the fiscal year which started
July 1.
It also instructed its conferees to
insist on a *150,000.000 conserva
tion program for the 1948 fiscal year,
for which the House had approved
nothing and on which it refused
to budge.
3y another 81-to-0 vote, the Sen
ate refused to yield on its *75,000.
000 appropriations for the school
lunch program, rather than the
$35,000,000 which the House voted.
Backs Farm Tenant Loans.
The Senate insisted 85 to 0 on Its
figure of *20,000,000 for farm tenant
loans for which the House voted
nothing.
As originally passed by the House.
the bill carries approximately $847,
800,000 for the department, including
reappropriations and contract au
thority. The Senate increased the
total to $1,048,000,000.
A compromise Interior Depart
ment appropriations bill allowing
$89,258,038 of new funds for Western
reclamation projects is expected to
be approved by the Senate.
The House accepted the conference
report yesterday with only a few
voices raised in dissent.
In its final form, the bill pro
vides $194,587,859 of new money for
the operation of all programs of
the Interior Department during the
12 months ending next June 30.
That is $101,500,000, or 34.3 per cent
less than the budget estimate, but
$33,174,000 more than originally
voted by the House.
Senators Approve Bruce
For Commerce Post
ly ttw Asso;iat*d Pr»i»
The Senate Interstate Commerce
Committee today approved the nom
inations of David K. E. Bruce of
Virginia to be Assistant Secretary
of Commerce and W. A. Ayres of
Kansas to be a member of the red
eral Trade Commission.
The committee postponed until
tomorrow action on the nomination
of Burton N. Behling to be a mem
ber of the Federal Power Commis
sion.
»
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