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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 23, 1947, Image 1

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(Full Report on Page A-'l.) j ___t__
~ Late New York Markets. Poge A-19._ An Associoted Press Newspoper
95th YEAR. No. 57,699 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 23, 1947-FORTY PAGES. ***_ 90c • Month. When 5 Sundays, $1.00 5 CENTS
Indies Troops
Scorch Earth
In Dutch Path
Netherlands Troops
Driving to Slice
Island of Java
BULLETIN
BATAVIA, Java Four
Java towns were in flames to
night as Indonesian troops,
retreating on two fronts
threatening their capital,
_ adopted scorched-earth tactics
' before a determined Dutch
Army, an Indonesian com
munique announced.
w j m* nsjouuicu rrejj
BATAVIA. Java. July 23.
Scorched-earth tactics were be
gun today by Indonesian Repub
lican forces ahead of a deter
mined Dutch Army drive to slice
Java in two, a broadcast Indo
nesian Army communique an
nounced.
At the same time official Dutch
dispatches from Sumatra said ir
regular Indonesian soldiers of “the
People's Army” in the big neighbor
ing island of Sumatra also were ap
plying the tactics. These dispatches
said the irregulars burned more
than 100 homes before evacuating
the town of Arnhemia, a few miles
south of Dutch-held Medan. Arn
hemia now is in Dutch hands, the
dispatches said.
(British Foreign Secretary
Bevin said in London that Brit
ain was determined to seek an
end to warfare in Indonesia "at
India or Australia
Seen Likely to Take
Issue Before U. N.
Sy the Associated Press
f LONDON, July 23. — Well
informed diplomatic sources
said today that either India or
Australia might ask the United
Nations to intervene in the dis
pute between the Netherlands
and the Indonesian Republic.
The complaining nation pre
sumably would charge that the
Indonesian fighting constituted
a threat to world, peace, these
sources said. Both India and
Australia, they said, have a
“close interest” in the situation
in Indonesia.
Diplomats here ruled out the
possibility that Britain herself
might appeal or that she would
act as a mediator between the
Dutch and Indonesians, point
ing out that she would have no
grounds for such action unless
invited by both parties to the
dispute.
111C CHlllCBt JAJOiSlUIC iXlUillCUU
and was working on several pos
sible solutions which he did not
disclose.
(Speaking to the House of
Commons, Mr. Bevin said he
could not at present give an
opinion on "whether the Security
Council of the United Nations is
the best and most appropriate
means of achieving this object.”)
Dutch Menace Stronghold.
An Indonesian communique ac
knowledged that Dutch troops ir
East Central Java were only 12 mile:
from the key Indonesian strongholc
of Malang, and were driving south
ward to a town only 7 miles fron
tire stronghold.
Other Dutch units threatened th<
Republican capital of Jogjakarts
with a two-pronged drive. Om
Dutch column driving south fron
Semarang on the north central coas
took Salatiga, key town on a high
way winding 46 mountainous mile:
to Jogjakarta.
Just ahead of the Dutch drive or
Malang, the broadcast Indonesiar
bulletin said. Republican forces suc
cessfully scorched the earth. Fight
mg' was under way in the area o:
Lawang, 12 miles north of Malang
the communique added.
On Sumatra, the Dutch dispatche:
said, damage of at least $200,000 wa;
caused when Indonesians pourec
gasoline on Arnhemia s homes an<
fired them. The town's police in
structor barricaded himself and hi'
men in the police barracks an<
fought off the Indonesian irregulars
who sought to burn the barrack:
building, the dispatches added.
Planes Attack Jogjakarta.
Advices from Jogjakarta said th<
Indonesians had imposed a nighth
10 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew in theii
capital as officials took an increas
ingly grave view of the military sit
uation. The city remained calm
however, despite a bombing attacl
by Dutch planes at noon, the dis
patch said.
A dispatch from Associated Pres:
correspondent Harris Jackson ir
(See INDONESIA? Page?A~6~)
CourtFighfPlannedbyWAl
Denied 'Soldier' Benefit
Sy the Associated Press
BOSTON, July 23.—A court figh
was developing in Massachusetts tO'
day over whether women wh<
served in the military forces are
“soldiers and sailors" in the eyes o
the law. (
State Attorney General Clarenci
A. Barnes has ruled they are.
State Tax Commissioner Henry F
Long insists they are not—and re
fuses to budge until he gets a cour
opinion.
The test came on the claim of f
disabled former WAC—attractive
Mrs. Robert C. Nelson of Pittsfield
who has a 40 per cent disability
rating for impaired hearing—for the
$2,000 real estate tax exemptior
granted disabled “soldiers and sail'
ors” in the Bay State.
Only the courts, Mr. Long said
can determine whether the State
Legislature meant to give the bene'
fits to women.
Mrs. Nelson said she would cany
* her case to the appelate tax boarc
and to the State Supreme Court, U
necessary.
A
Legion Proposes U. N. Overhaul
To Curtail Veto of Big Five
Security Council Is 'Perpetually Hung Jury/
Members of Congress Are Told in Letter
By the Associated Press
Calling the Security Council a
“perpetually hung jury,” the
American Legion today proposed
an overhaul of the United Na
tions Charter to curtail the Big
Five veto and set up a “tyranny
proof” world police force.
Climaxing a year of study, the
Legion's recommendations were for
warded *in a letter to each member
of Congress with this acknowledg
ment:
“It may not be possible or expedi
ent to attempt to bring about
changes now, but we believe they
suggest a goal which must be at
tained in order that the United Na
tions becomes fully effective.”
The veterans’ organization con
tended its recommendations would
“lay a solid foundation for the elim
ination of the atomic threat.” It
said further they "are indispensable
to bring about an adequate substi
tute for the grim rules of power
politics."
Specifically, the Legion proposed
three Charter amendments de
signed to:
1. Give “more effective repre
sentation of the nations” on the
Security Council and abolish the
veto in cases of aggression “or
preparation for aggression.”
2. Give the Security Council “ade
quate powers" to prevent aggressive
war by creating iron-clad interna
tional controls over atomic weapons
and all other means of mass de
struction.
3. Create “a powerful yet tyranny
proof” world police force.
These proposals followed closely
an outcropping of congressional
resolutions calling for a United
Nations Charter revision conference,
but while sponsors of these reso
lutions said they might lead to
Russian withdrawal from the U. N.,
(See LEGION, Page A-6.)
British Ship Sinks
In Harbor at Haifa
After Blast, Fire
Internal Explosion Laid
To Explosives Placed by
Saboteurs at Cyprus
By the Associated Press
JERUSALEM, July 23.—Official
sources reported today that the
British ship Empire Lifeguard
had been sunk in Haifa harbor,
presumably by saboteurs, shortly
after disembarking 261 legal
Jewish immigrants transported
to the Holy Land from detention
camps on Cyprus.
A British release disclosing the
sinking said:
"The Empire Lifeguard, a trans
port returning Jewish immigrants
from Cyprus, was sunk this morning
in Haifa harbor by an internal ex
plosion after all the immigrants had
disembarked.
"It is believed that a charge was
placed on board while the ship was
taking on the immigrants at Fama
gusta (a port in Cyprus).
"No casualties have been reported
so far.”
Immigrants Put Ashore.
Advices from Haifa said fire had
broken out aboard the Empire Life
guard shortly after she arrived in
the harbor, and that the immigrants
had been hurriedly put ashore.
Official sources said that 40 or 50
immigrants still were aboard the
vessel when the explosion which
preceded the fire occurred, but none
was injured.
The ship was said to have gone
down alongside the quai and to be
resting half-submerged, with her
keel on the bottom of the harbor.
The Empire Lifeguard Is a Liberty
ship, which had been repeatedly
used to deport illegal Jewish immi
grants from Palestine to Cyprus.
The Jews disembarked from her
today were part of the regular
monthly quota given entry certifi
cates after being detained at Cyprus.
4 British Injured.
Meanwhile, a continuing wave of
; violence, apparently fanned by the
recent deportation of 4,500 Jewish
immigrants intercepted while trying
to enter Palestine aboard the
steamer President Warfield, resulted
in serious injury to four more Brit
ish soldiers in Haifa.
The soldiers were Injured when
1 the military car in which they were
riding struck a road mine in the
Ahuza quarter on Mount Carmel
1 and was blown into a deep ravine.
The incident brought to eight
1 killed and 55 wounded the toll of
casualties in the last eight days.
France Is Undecided
On Jews' Disposition
PARIS. July 23 OP).—'The French
government apparently still was un
1 decided today what action it would
1 take with regard to 4,500 Jewish
■ refugees intercepted by the British
off Palstinee and now reported
i bound for a French port.
The immigrants had sailed for
Palestine from Sete. in Southern
1 France aboard the former Chesa
peake Bay steamer President War
field, renamed “Exodus of 1947.”
: The French said the passengers all
had Colombian visas.
La Guardia Improved
NEW YORK, July 23 ^(.—Former
• Mayor F. H. La Guardia, who was
; described a week ago as "quite a
sick man,” has shown a "decided
improvement,” his physician said
today.
Clayton Reaches Rome
ROME, July 23 (/P>.—Undersecre
, tary of State Clayton arrived in
Rome by plane from Geneva today
to confer with Italian government
officials.
House Unit Approves
Granting Citizenship
Rights to Kravchenko
Final Action on Bill
Before Congress Quits
Appears Improbable
By th« Associated Press
A House Judiciary Subcom
mittee today approved a bill
that would open the way to
American citizenship for Victor
A. Kravchenko, former Soviet
official who has publicly re
nounced Communism.
The measure, which would waive
provisions of law forbidding a Com
munist to become a citizen, still re
quires approval of the full commit
tee. Its passage by the House and
Senate is improbable before the next
congressional session, beginning in
January.
Mr. Kravchenko, who testified be
fore the House Un-American Ac
tivities Committee yesterday that
all responsible Soviet officials in the
United States are spies, told the
judiciary group he fears for his life
if he is not given the protection
accorded American citizens.
‘‘I can’t live here one year," he
said, "if you don’t give me citizen
ship."
Served With Purchasing Board.
Mr. Kravchenko, a former Rus
sian Army officer, also served with
the Soviet Purchasing Commission
in this country before splitting with
the Red regime.
The proposed bill specifically
would declare that Mr. Kravencho
came to the United States for per
manent residence as an immigrant,
under the Russian quota, on Au
gust 18. 1943, the day he arrived
under diplomatic status.
He would be able to get final cit
izenship papers two years and 30
days after the bill becomes law.
Prior to that he would be allowed
to leave the country and return.
The subcommittee acted after
Representatives Coudert, Repub
lican, of New York and Mundt, Re
publican, of South Dakota testified
for Mr. Kravchenko and said he
has rendered “enormous” service to
this country.
‘ How do you know tnat ne isn t
a spy himseif?” Inquired Represent
ative Celler, Democrat, of New York.
Under Careful Surveillance.
Mr. Mundt said Mr. Kravchenko
has been under “the most careful
surveillance” by police and the FBI.
and has been issued a police permit
to carry a gun for protection.
"By the Lord Harry,” Mr. Coudert
remarked, "he had the guts—as did
our ancestors in 1776—to break
away, and break clean.”
Mr. Celler recalled that Mr. Krav
chenko told the Un-American Ac
tivities Committee that Marshall
Field, publisher of the Chicago Sun
and New York PM, more “dan
gerous” than 30 per cent of the
Communists.
'“I'll go as far as I can," Mr. Celler
said, “but I don't think a man who
(See COMMUNISM, Page A-6.) .
Wholesale Meal Prices Fall
2 lo 3 Cents in New York
By th« Associated Frost
NEW YORK. July 23—Wholesale
meat prices have dropped two to
three cents a pound from a week
ago in the New York area, because
of hot weather and consumer re
sistance to high prices, packing
house representatives said today.
They reported carcass beef sell
ing at 46 to 47 cents a pound, com
pared with around 50 cents a week
ago; choice lamb at 52 cents a
pound, compared with 54 cents, and
mutton at 43 cents, compared with
45 and 46 cents a pound last week.
Wholesalers said retail stores re
ported business falling off, as some
customers shied at high prices and
others bought less meat because of
the heat.
-1
Woman Tells of Giving Eisler
$6,100 for Victims of Fascism
ICHRISTOFFEL. UAW LEADER: in
'| dieted for perjury on Communist
link denial. Page A-2
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
A prim New England spinster
in a little round hat told a Dis
| trict Court jury today why she
, decided in 1942 to turn over
$5,100 to Gerhart Eisler, the man
1 who allegedly is the chief agent
of international Communism in
this country.
To Miss Helen R. Bryan, executive
I secretary of the Joint Anti-Fascist
Refugee Committee, Eisler was
merely one of a group of suffering
refugees from Fascist oppression,
stranded in this country without
funds because he was not allowed
to proceed to Mexico..
Eisler is being tried on charges
that when he applied for an exit
permit to Germany in 1945, he
fraudulently concealed from the
Government his Communist affilia
tions, the aliases he had used and
the fact he had been in the United
States during the 1930s.
The Government put Miss Bryan
on the stand to show that one of
Eisler’s aliases was “Julius Eisman,”
which was the way his checks from
the Anti-Fascist Committee were
made out.
After she concluded her testi
mony, Louis Budenz, who last fall
put the finger on Eisler as the back
stage ringleader of American Com
munists, took the stand early this
afternoon. Mr. Budenz. former man
aging editor of the Communist
($ee~ EISLER, Page A-6.) '
Soviet Rejects
Bid to Discuss
Jap Peace Pact
Note to Washington
Charges Unilateral
Action, Radio Says
wj iiim «>iouui«u rress
LONDON, July 23.—The Mos
cow radio said tonight that So
viet Russia “cannot agree” to
accept a United States invita
tion to join with 11 powers in
discussing a Japanese peace
treaty August 19 in Washington.
The broadcast, heard here by the
Soviet monitor, said Russia delivered
a note to Washington yesterday
charging the United States had
acted in a “unilateral manner” and
declaring that preliminary work on
drafting a Japanese treaty should be
undertaken by the Council of Foreign
Ministers.
The note suggested that the Rus
sian, British and Chinese ambas
sadors in Washington meet with a
representative of the United States
to decide when the Council of For
eign Ministers should be convened.
The text of the Soviet reply, as
broadcast by the Moscow radio:
“On July 11 of this year the
United States Ambassador. Gen.
Bedell Smith, told V. M. Molotov,
the U. S. S. R. Minister of Foreign
Affairs, that the Government of the
United States proposed to call on
August 19 of this year a conference
for the preparation of a peace treaty
with Japan, comprising representa
tives of 11 powers, members of the
Far Eastern Commission.
“At the same time the United
States Government unilaterally be
gan negotiations on this question
with the governments of the re
maining powers who are represented
in the Far Eastern Commission.”
$1,000,000 Airport Fire
Destroys Two DC-4s
iy Associated Press
ST. JOSEPH. Mo., July 23.—Fire
razed the main hangar at Rosecrans
Field early today, destroyed a ware
house’ and two DC-4 airplanes caus
ing damage estimated at $1,394,000.
The fire, which started in an elec
tric motor in an overhead door in
the hangar, was discovered by a
guard, George Bliley. He said he
sounded an electric siren alarm and
then ran to the airport fire depart
ment.
Approximately half of the fire
fighting equipment in St. Joseph was
sent to the fire. Many frame build
ings were saved.
The hangar, of frame construction,
is located in the midst of a group of
other frame buildings. Resident En
ginedi’ Wilton Wilding said he pre
viously had some trouble with the
motor which started the fire.
Jorge Prado Quits Post
As Envoy of Peru Here
By me Associated Tess
LIMA. PERU, July 23.—The For
eign Ministry announced today that
it had accepted the resignation of
Jorge Prado, Peruvian Ambassador
to the United States.
Mr. Prado told a reporter here he
had no statement to make about his
reasons for resigning. He said he
plans to leave Washington soon for
New York City, but that otherwise
he has no permanent plans.
Informed sources said the resigna
tion resulted from “personal differ
ences" with Foreign Minister En
rique Garcia Sayan.
Mr. Garcia Sayan concluded an
official visit to Washington yester
da/and left by air for Lima, by way
of Miami.
Mr. Prado arrived here last Sep
tember after serving as Peruvian
Ambassador to Great Britain. For
merly he was Ambassador to Brazil.
Truman Visiting Senate
For Informal Luncheon
By tho Associated Press
President Truman was due at
the Capitol today for an informal
luncheon with former Senate col
leagues.
Both Republicans and Democrats
were invited to join the President
at a luncheon given by Leslie L.
Biffie, director of the Senate Demo
cratic Policy Committee.
When he first took office, Mr.
Truman often paid informal visits
to Capitol Hill, but of late he has
limited his appearances to formal
occasions.
Senators invited said they looked
forward to a social get-together, with
no discussion of legislative matters.
Youths, 15 and 16, Die
In Chair for Slaying
By tho Associated Prut
WOODVILLE, Miss., July 23.—
Two teen-age colored youths con
victed of killing a white man went
to their death early today in Missis
sippi’s portable electric chair.
The first to die was 15-year-old
James Lewis. The other was Charles
Trudell, 16. Each went to his death
calmly, reciting a prayer.
The two youths were convicted in
February. 1946, for the pistol slay
ing of Harry McKey, a Mississippi
lumber man from whom they took
S64
As each youth was seated in the
electric chair, he repeated after a
Catholic priest the words, “O my
God, I am utterly sorry for having
offended Thee.”
A few minutes before the execu
tion, the Rev. Patrick Moran of
Woodville told the youth* he had
decided it would be better for the
younger, Lewis, to go to the chair
first. The decision had been left
to the priests by Sherilf Richard
Whitaker. Father Moran explained
to the boy* that the fatal shot had
been fired by Trudell and that the
priests felt that the greater punish
ment would be suffered by the last
of the two to go,
A
58-Degree Low Gives Capital
Coolest July 23 in 36 Years
Mercury Down to 50 in Some Nearby Areas;
Damage to Gardens or Crops Unlikely
Washington had Its coolest
July 23 in 36 years today as the
temperature dropped to 58 de
grees;
In some nearby areas, the mer
cury dipped to 50 degrees, and the
Weather Bureau said it may go
even lower tonight in exposed spots
in outlying areas.
However, the forecaster insisted
the cool wave would not damage
gardens or crops in the Washington
area. The forecast for the city was
for sunshine and temperatures in
the upper 70s today. t The fore
caster doubted the temperature to
night would go below the 58 re
corded at 6:08 a.m. today.
The 50-degree low was reported
this morning just beyond Chevy
Chase, Md. The latter area had a
53-degree lo*. while a temperature
of 52 degrees was reported at An
nandale, Va.
The lowest July 23 temperature on
record was 58 in 1890. The last time
the temperature got as low as 58
was In 1911.
The Weather Bureau also reported
that rainfall in Washington so far
this month totaled 3.28 inches, con
siderably above normal.
Fall-like weather here is part of
a cool wave that has spread over
much of the West and South and is
now moving out to sea.
Hail and rain fell along Lake
Erie yesterday, and hail drifts 18
inches deep were reported in Pep
per Pike, a Village near Cleveland,
Ohio.
Temperatures dropped below 40
in Southern Michigan, while Land
O’ Lakes, Wis., had a low of 33 de
grees yesterday.
Heavy rains occurred in the lower
lakes and in the northeastern sec
tion of the country, with 75 fam
ilies reported homeless in Erie, Pa.,
where a rainfall of 9.03 inches in a
24-hour period was reported. Dam
age in the Pennsylvania city of
135,000 was estimated at $l,00f|000.
Five Witnesses Urge
Manager and Elected
Council for District
Hearing Gets Statement
From Mrs. Norton Asking
National Representation
By Rudolph Kauffmann It
A city manager-elected council
form of government for the Dis
trict set up under a congres
sional charter was advocated to
day by three prominent organi
zations and two men with long
experience in District affairs.
All agreed in testimony before a
House District Subcommittee on
Home Rule that this would be the
best way of giving the Capital home
rule, but they differed on details of
the problem.
The witnesses were Louis Brown -
low, a former District Commissioner;
William A. Roberts, a former peo
ple’s counsel; Henry Beitscher,
speaking for the District Industrial
Union Council; Mrs. Milton Dunn,
speaking for the District of Colum
bia League of Women Voters, and
Benjamin Sigal, president of the
Washington chapter of the Ameri
cans of Democratic Action. ✓
Mrs. Norton Dissents.
Dissenting opinion on the home
rule problem was voiced by Repre
sentative Norton, Democrat, of New
Jersey who was chairman of the
House District Committee for seven
years and sponsored national rep
resentation legislation for the Dis
trict. She submitted a written
statement opposing home rule and
favoring only national representa
tion for the city. • ,
“I do not believe that there is a
great deal of sentiment for strictly
local suffrage, but there is definitely
much sentiment for legislation
which would provide representation
either in the House or Senate or
both,” Mrs. Norton said.
“During my seven years as chair
man of the District Committee, this
type of suffrage received the greatest
support. I believe it to be very popu
lar at tnis tune.
“We know that under the present
system whereby members of Con
gress are appointed to the District
Committee, these members are do
ing a double service. They are serv
ing their own congressional districts,
and, in addition, are responsible for
the District of Columbia. In many
cases this latter service has been the
source of a great deal of criticism
from the districts which the mem
bers are elected to represent.
Dual Duties Cost Seat.
I recall one case of a very valu
able member who was defeated dur
ing the time I was chairman of the
District Committee because his op
ponent in the campaign used the
argument against his reelection that
he gave much more time to the Dis
trict of Columbia than he did to his
own district. Dual service does not
make for efficient service tp either
the District of Columbia or the
congressional district a member rep
resents. when one considers the
heavy legislative and congressional
(See HOME RULE, Page A-8.)
t
D. C. Landlord Group
Asks Rightto Pass Tax
Rises On to Tenants
New Levies on Owners
Held Increasing Their
Expenses 14 Per Cent
A large group of Washington
landlords and rental agents to
day asked the District Rent Con
trol Administration for permis
sion to pass along increased
taxes and water charges to ten
ants.
In a letter to Robert F. Cogswell,
District rent control administrator,
the Building Owners and Managers
Association requested that a general
order be issued which would allow
rents to be increased to take care
of a rise in the real estate tax, a
higher reassessment, a rise in the
personal property tax and an in
crease in the water tax rate.
These tax increases, said Marshall
Davis, the association's president,
have the "immediate effect” of in
creasing owners’ taxes by at least
14 2/7 per cent. He said, however,
that in individual cases the increase
would be much higher, and cited an
example in which he said the total
tax increase amounted to 54 per
cent.
Cogswell Predicts Increases.
Asked for comment. Mr. Cogswell
said he would need time to study
the letter before reaching a deci
sion. He added that, generally
speaking, he believed landlords
should get relief in connection with
increased real estate taxes, but
explained that any consideration of
compensation for the personal prop
erty tax would have to be on an
•'individual basis” only.
Mr. Cogswell said he planned to
confer with the District tax assessor,
(See RENT, Page A-6.)
1,297,300 in British Forces
LONDON, July 23 (A*).—Britain’s
military forces contained 1,297,300
men and women as of June 30, the
Secretary of State for War. F. J.
Bellebger, told the House of Com
mons today.
By Marion Wade Campbell
Star Spatial Correspondent
FRANKFURT, July 23.—Fraulein
American marriages should again be
forbidden in Germany and permitted
in the United States only after the
soldier has had a chance to "think
it over at home,” the Rev. Dr. G.
Leslie Glenn, rector of SV John’s
Episcopal Church in Washington,
will recommend to Undersecretary
of War Royall after returning to
Washington next week.
Dr. Glenn left Frankfurt for Paris
today after a five-week tour of Italy,
Austria, Switzerland and Germany.
He will arrive in Washington by
plane Monday with 13 other clergy
men to report on general European
conditions. I
1
/you're wmm
ALL RIGHT-BUT \
PLEASE BE CAREFUL! I
$175,CJ,000 Added
To Foreign Aid Funds
By Senate Committee
Increased Relief Voted
For U. S. Zone in Germany,
Japan and Korea
The Senate Appropriations
Committee today increased bj
$175,000,000 the total outlay foi
foreign relief to help carry out
the administration’s foreign pol
icy program.
The increase consisted of $75,000,
000 cash and $100,000,000 of contract
authority to be added to the $550,
000,000 allowed by the House for food
and other necessities in the Ameri
can occupied zones of Germany
Japan and Korea.
This was the principal change the
Senators made in a $1.600,000,00(
omnibus appropriation bill which
also covers last-minute needs ol
many Government agencies.
Greek Aid Left Unchanged.
Other Important parts of the for
eign policy budget were left' un
changed, including $400,00,000 to ale
Greece and Turkey to fight off com
munism and $332,000,000 to relieve
hunger and suffering in war-devas
tated parts of Europe outside of the
occupied zones.
Changes in the House bill include;
The National Institute of Health
was given $500,000 for research or
heart disease.
The Office of Defense Transporta
tion was given an extension of life
until February 28. The House left it
without funds after this month.
A rider was attached to the fund;
of the new National Labor Relation;
Board to prevent payment of salarie;
to the newly appointed board mem
bers and general counsel unless theii
nominations are confirmed by the
Senate before Congress adjourns.
A fund of $5,000,000 was added tc
buy automobiles for qjnputee wai
veterans.
Bill Carries $1,430,361,400.
As the bill goes to the Senate. It
now carries for all phases of foreign
relief a total of $1,430,361,400 in cash
plus $100,000,000 in contract au
thorization. The House total was
$1,353,024,900.
With five big appropriation bills
to be acted on before the Satur
day adjournment of Congress, the
Republican economy drive showed s
saving of $1,502,000,000 on the seven
completed supply measures.
The fight over the Agriculture De
partment appropriation bill, which
threatened to delay the congres
sional vacation, appeared to be
clearing rapidly today.
Senator Brooks. Republican, ol
Illinois reported-a break in the dead
lock between House and Senate con
ferees with an agreement to con
tinue the Government's long-range
farm benefit payment program
Agreement was reached on $150,
000,000 for benefit payments and
other expenses, including farmer
committeemen at State, county and
local level.
Battle of Words Over Savings.
Throughout this first session ol
the new Republican Congress, there
has been a running battle of words
between Democrats and GOP spokes
men over Government economy. The
Republicans started out by aiming
at a reduction of between $6,000,
000,000 and $4,500,000,000 in Presi
dent Truman’s $37,500,000,000 budget
Indications today are they wil
fall short of even the lower figure
but the total saved will depend or
what happens between now apd Sat
(Se^APPROPRIATIONS Page A-6.*
D. C. Pastor to Ask Army to Ban
Gi Marriages in Reich Again
Dr. Glenn stressed mat ne uciicvci
no “notoriously bad girls” have beer
among the 950 married to American;
since the ban on weddings in the
occupation zone was lifted last De
cember. Army chaplains and othei
authorities hare done a good job ol
preventing marriages with frauleini
who have Nazi, criminal or disease
records, he stated.
However, the youth of occupatlor
troops, coupled with their distance
from America and separation frorr
the reactions of their families anc
friends, makes it hard for them tt
choose the best wife, Doctor Glenr
said.
He will suggest that all marriage!
be haneiled under the fiancee im
' (See FRAULEINS, ^age A-6j
Aid for Poland
Shelved by U. S.
As Nof Needed
Good Crops Also May
Keep Hungary From
Getting Assistance
By the Associated Press
Poland’s share of the $332,000.
000 American relief program was
canceled today on grounds that
the Poles have sufficient food,
and State Department officials
indicated Hungary likewise may
be excluded from the program.
Tire action on Poland was taken
on recommendation of a survey
mission headed by Col. R. L. Har
rison. He reported to Secretary of
State Marshall that Poland has food
for minimum needs at least for the
remainder of this year.
Better crop prospects in Hungary
make likely a decision that country
also can get by without American
assistance, relief officials said
Poland is within the Soviet orbit
and Hungary is occupied by Red
Army forces.
Needs Held Basis of Action.
The decisions on relief, however,
were said to be based entirely on
needs.
Relief shipments already have
started to Italy, Greece, Austria and
Trieste, under the program, and
preliminary discussions are in pro
gress with China. These along with
Poland and Hungary were author
ized by Congress to share in the
relief program, which the House
trimmed from $350,000,000 to $332,
000,000 in voting appropriations.
On his survey of Poland, Col. Har
rison said he “found the Polish food
situation much better than in many
other countries which were visited
by two members of the mission in
the last year.”
Health Seems Good.
“Food conditions were noticeably
better .th'an those in Greece. Italy,
Austria, the United States-United
Kingdom zones of Germany and
Japan,” he said.
“The general health of the Polish
people appeared to be good, their
spirit exece'lent and their ability
to work well above average. There
are substantial reasons why this is
so. Among them is the progress
made in industrial and agricultural
recovery.”
The industrial section of Silesia
was found by the inspection group
to be the most active industrial area
observed outside the United States,
with exports of coal and other raw
materials and finished products
promising to increase.
1 ruautuirll fill liiucaac.
Advising that Polish food produc
tion is “on the increase," the re
port said:
"Polish officials interviewed were
unanimous in stating that * * *
there will be no starvation in Poland
or acute malnutrition on a wide
spread basis even without food im
ports.”
Col. Harrison said imports of med
ical supplies and supplementary
foodstuffs for special groups appear
justified and that some imports of
grain seed and fertilizer would be
helpful.
The State Department said in its
announcement, however, that such
special items could be supplied
through private relief agencies and
other sources, such as the Interna
tional Emergency Children's fund.
The announcement added:
t “in view of the above and of the
fact that the funds available are
sufficient to meet only the most urg
ent relief needs, it has been decided
not to undertake a relief program
for Poland."
G. 0. P. Backs Probes
01 Prices and Housing
Plans to investigate living costs
i and the housing shortage during the
j congressional recess were approved
! today by the Senate Republican
j Policy Committee.
! These two proposals were on a
1 list df half a dozen investigating
resolutions to which the policy
group announced it has no objec
tion.
Others on the list include a
study of possible changes in the
Social Security Act, a review of
activities of the RFC and other
Government lending functions and
the immigration problem as it
relates to the admission of displaced
persons.
The cost of living inquiry would
be conducted by the Joint Economic
Committee already set up under the
full employment law. The housing
investigation would be made by
members of the House and Senate
Banking Committees.
Chairman Taft of the policy group
explained that sponsors of all these
resolutions must still get them
through the Senate.
Output ot Ice Iream
Cut by Strike Here
Eighty per cent of Washington’*
ice cream manufacturing stopped
today as 500 members of the Ice
Cream Workers' union went on
strike demanding a 15 per cent in
crease in minimum wages.
Deliveries of ice cream already on
hand also stopped because drivers,
members of the Ice Cream Drivers’
local of the International Brother
hood of Teamsters, refused to cros*
picket lines.
Hit by the work stoppage were
Washington's seven biggest ice
cream firms: Breyer’s, the Carry
i Ice Cream Co., Colonial, Fussell
Young, Melvem Dairies, Southern
Dairies and Washington Maid, Inc.
The union is asking a 15 per cent
Increase fjrom minimum wages which
now are 70 cents an hour for un
skilled workers and $1.12 for skilled.
A tentative agreement for an 8 per
cent increase was reached by com
pany and union negotiators on May
3, but the membership of the union
refused to ratify the agreement.
I

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