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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 25, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast j Guide for Readers
Sunny, wanner today and tomorrow; high Page. Page.
'today about 86. Clear, not so cool tonight; Amusements .. B-12 Obituary.— A-10
low near 67. Comics- B-10-11 Radio _ B-ll
__ Editorial_ A-8 Society, Clubs ._ B-3
Temperatures today—High, 83, at 1:16 p.m.: la Editorial Articles A-9 Sports. -A-12-13
low, 61, at 6:24 aim. Yesterday—High, 83, Finance -A-15 Where to Go.... A-6
at 4:56 p.m.; low, 57, at 6:18 a.m. Lost and Found. A-3 Woman’s Page B-2
Lote~New York~ MarketifPoge^A-'l5- ___ _An Associated Press Newspaper
~95th YEAR. No. 57,701 Phone NA. 5000 WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, JULY 25, 1917—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. *★* 90c x Month. When 5 Sundays. S1.00 5 CENTS
G.O.P. Yields in Vote Fraud Probe
After All-Night Senate Session
In Effort to Adjourn Tomorrow
- r-- --- : • :.z~~7-;
Move for Action on
Kern's Demand
Is Dropped
A turbulent all-night session of
the Senate ended at 6:12 o’clock;
this morning when Republican,
leaders gave up their fight to:
force an investigation of Attor-|
ney General Clark’s handling ofi
Kansas City vote fraud charges.!
The weary Senators sought a few
hours of sleep before going back at
noon to the job of completing action
on appropriation bills and other
‘ must," measures they want to pass
before ending the session tomorrow.
The controversy flared up briefly;
acain when the Senate reconvened j
at noon. |
Senator Kem. Republican of Mis-i
souri. author of the resolution, sug-l
gested that Minority Leader Bark
ley of Kentucky was in charge of a
Democratic filibuster against the in
vestigation.
Barkley Denies Charge.
Hotly denying there had been a
Democratic filibuster. Senator Bark
ley charged Republicans with taking
more time than Democrats since
the issue was raised several days
ago.
The new flurry of debate quickly
ended, however, when Senator
Barkley objected to a new request
by Senator Kem to take up the
resolution, and Republican leaders
of both houses made it clear they
have no intention of lettmg the
Kansas City issue interfere with
adjournment by tomorrow night.
i Ilf auuio weviwic A»«*VA
won a preliminary battle but obvi
ously lost the war in their effort to
force the inquiry at this session.
House Republicans likewise aban
doned any thought of attempting to
force such an investigation through
that branch. There had been reports
that the House might be asked to
Conduct such an inquiry if the
move failed in the Senate.
"There will be no investigating
resolution offered.” said House Ma
jority Leader Halleck.
He said it has been “obvious right
along that it would tie the House
in knots.”
Fund Bill Taken Fp.
Tn the Senate the bitter debate
over the resolution dragged on
through the night.
Then, shortly after daybreak, the
Republican leadership agreed to lav
aside the Kem matter long enough
to take up one of several appropria
tion bills that must be passed before
Congress can quit for the year to
morrow r.ight.
That measure, carrying funds for
the Greek-Turkish aid program and
foreign relief, was discussed only 20
minutes, however, then the weary
lawmakers decided to call it quits
(See SENATE, Page A-(j.)
f__ _X _ C AlfAVf
jCIldic uiuiijj i a»ui j
Murdock ior NLRB
The Senate Labor Committee
today approved. 9 to 3. the nomina
tion of former Democratic Senator
Abe Murdock of Utah to the Na
tional Labor Relations Board.
Chairman Taft told reporters “I
think it's doubtful” the nomination
of Mr. Murdock and two other men
appointed to NLRB posts will come
to a Senate vote before adjourn
ment of Congress tomorrow night.
The committee approved, also by
a 9 to 3 vote, the nomination of J.
Copeland tGrav of Buffalo to be a
member of the board, and by a
unanimous 12 to 0 vote the nomina
tion of Robert N. Denham, Missouri
born resident of the Capital to be
NLRB Crucial counsel.
Senator Taft said he voted against
Mr. Murdock and Mr. Gray, along
with Senators Ball. Republican, of
Minnesota and Jenner, Republican,
of Indiana. He said Senator Morse,
Republican, of Oregon was not at
the meeting and his vote is still to
be recorded.
Senate confirmation of the three
men is necessary before their nom
ination by President Truman can
take effect.
Republican opponents of Mr. Mur
dock have not disclosed whether
they will make an all-out fight on
the Senate floor against his nomina
tion.
The hearing on his nomination
was enlivened by a brief debate over
his alleged pro-labor votes while he
was in Congress.
I- i
Water Cut Off,
Eight Senators
Deprived of Baths
After a gruelling Seriate session
which lasted until 6:12 a m. today,
at least eight Senators were denied
the soothing effects of a hot bath—
or even a chance to quaff a cooling
glass of water.
The eight live at the Westchester
Apartments, where all water was
shut off at midnight last night by
the District Water Department so
that connections could be made for
fire hydrants to serve the 562 units
in the two buildings at 3900 and
4000 Cathedral avenue N.W.
Senators residing at the West
chester—who were due back on the
Senate floor at noon today—are
Senators Baldwin of Connecticut.
Morse of Oregon. Ferguson of Mich
igan. Wiley of Wisconsin, Buck of
Delaware. Brooks of Illinois. Cain
of Washington and Revercomb of
West Virginia. *11 Republicans.
A District Water Department
spokesman said water was turned on
again shortly after 7 a.m. today.
Prior notice that the work would
be done was given tenants, the man
agement said.
THE LONG NIGHT ENDS—Senator McCarran, Democrat, of
Nevada (left! as he left the Capitol at dawn today after an all
night Senate session in which he led Democratic opposition to
a bill to require further investigation of Attorney General Clark’s
handling of Kansas City vote fraud charges. With the Senator
is Hal Lackey, a member of his staff. —AP Photo.
House Sends Truman
Military Merger Bill
With Quick Voice Vote
Measure for Support
Of Wool Price Is Last
Big 'Must' to Come
UNIVERSAL MILITARY training!
bill approved by House Commit
tee. Page B-l
The House completed congres
sional action today on a measure
to unify the Nation’s armed
services, thus clearing one of the
few remaining hurdles in the
way of adjournment tomorrow.
The action, sending the bill to
President Truman for anticipated
quick approval, came on a voice vote
in accepting a joint Congressional
committee’s recommendations for
iioning out differences between the
House and Senate on the unification
plan.
Final approval cleared the way
for a long-postponed house show
down on another piece of major
legislation—a Senate-approved bill
ordering extension of wool support
prices.
Present Waste Cited.
Before the final yote on the armed
services unification, Chairman Hoff
man of - the House Expenditures
Committee asserted it had become
necessary to prevent "inexcusable
duplication and waste" which he
said had been widespread during the
war
As now drafted, the bill grants
the President wide leeway to pick
top officials to supervise the armed
services from either civilian or mil
itary ranks.
Single Secretary Provided.
The Senate passed the revised bill
yesterday. It incorporates “safe
guards'’ designed to preserve the
identity of the Marine Corps and
the Navy's air arm.
The main provisions would create
a Secretary of Defense replacing the
present Secretaries of War and
Navy in the Cabinet, establish the
Air Corps as a separate branch, and
create a powerful, policy-making
national defense council.
Although stiff opposition was an
ticipated. supporters of the wool
price measure claimed sufficient
strength to insure its passage.
Originally scheduled for action yes
terday. it was bogged down by work
on appropriations bills.
Tlie measure would extend the
■ See UNIFICATION. Page A-5 >
^ ■ t ■ ■ •
Communists Control !
CIO Electrical Union,
Official of Local Says
Agent From New York
Testifies He Belonged
To Party Once Himself
ly the Associated Press
James J. Conroy, New York
local union official, told Con
gress today that Communists
have "lock, stock and barrel”
control of the International
Union of the CIO-United Elec
trical Workers.
Mr. Conroy, business agent of New
York UEW Local 1237. testified be
fore the House Un-American Activ
ities Committee and swore that Ton.
Fitzpatrick and William Sentner,
international union vice presidents,
are Communists.
Described himself as a former
Communist who soured on the party,
Mr. Conroy said Reds control the
International, although they have
but 1 per cent of the membership.
Names 13 Others as Reds.
He identified 13 other individuals
in the UEW as Communists, saying
they either had told him they were
members of the party or had at
tended Communist meetings at
which he was present.
Mr. Conroy testified that he quit
the party in January, 1946, when its
leaders attacked the head of the
Catholic Church, of which he is a
member. Prior to that he said he
had lacked the courage to quit.
Ke said he joined the party in
1340 when urged to do so by various
international representatives of his
union, whom he did not name. He
joined, he said, because he felt then
that he could "best serve the in
terests” of labor through that con
nection.
Had Him Fired, He says.
Mr. ■ Conroy testified he quit the
party while he was affiliated with
UEW Local 419 at Mount Vernon.
N. Y. He said he returned to work
for Decca Records, Inc., but his em
ployment ended after only pne week
because of a protest frpm Anthony
Salese, president of Local No. 430,
i and IJeter Abdoni. UFW interna
tional representative.
"They went to the management
and demanded my dismissal on
grounds I had been disbarred by the
UE and expelled by the CIO,” the
witness said.
H# denied he had been expelled
: by the CIO and told the committee
17 < See COMMUNISTS, Page A-6.1
A Hi •
reaerai nousing Agency to rire
500 Here, but May Absorb Some
The closing of the general field
office here and reorganization of
several departments of the Federal
Public Housing Authority will mean
the dismissal of some 500 persons,
but some of these may be absorbed
elsewhere, a spokesman said today.
The FPHA announced it would
dismiss 1.100 employes throughout
the Nation and close regional offices
at Boston. Cleveland and Seattle
because of a 40 per cent cut from
last year’s appropriation.
This will reduce the agency's per
sonnel to 1.900 or less than/ half
the average payroll of 4.000 in the
1947 fiscal year. Commissioner Dil
lon S. Myer said in announcing a
general reorganization. The cen
tral office here will be reduced from
about 1.100 to around 500.
Hie general field office here has
handled the United States territor
ies, areas around the Capital, and
three “Greenbelt” experimental
towns. Its duties will go to the New
York office, which will be consoli
dated with the Boston unit The
Chicago and Cleveland offices will
be merged at Chicago and the San
Francisco and Seattle offices will
be combined at San Francisco.
Reorganization of the central office
here will lump four branches—into
a single program operations branch.
An administration branch will be
handle budget, personnel, fiscal and
other functions.
The FPHA budget for admini
strative purposes is *11.500.000 com
pered with *19500.000 in 1947.
y> / ►
Top U. S. Units
Reported Split
On Reich Policy
State Department Bid
To France Takes AMG
Chiefs by Surprise
By Wes Gallagher
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent
BERLIN, July 25.—A difference
between policies of the United
States State Department and
views of the American Military
government here concerning
governing Germany became ap
parent today.
The news of Secretary of State
Marshall's invitation to France to
participate in a three-power confer
ence on Germany’s industrial level
hit governing officials in Germany
with sharp impact.
The American military governor,
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, refused to com
ment, but it was learned authorita
tively that neither he nor any other
top Americal Military Government
official was officially informed of
the State Department's sudden of
fer to France, either before or after
it was made.
The only information received in
Germany on the whole was a re
quest to hold up the announcement
of an American-British agreement
on Germany’s level of industry,
reached after weeks of negotiation,
these sources said.
»___1 T» :
The question of giving France a
voice in deciding what the level of
industry shall be tof the combined
American and British zones of Ger
many was considered by authorita
tive sources here as virtually a com
plete reversal of the policy of mak
ing the merged American and Brit
ish zones of Germany a self-sup
porting unit through an import
export program.
This policy of self-sufficiency
through an industrial revival in
Western Germany has been advo
cated by Herbert Hoover and nu
merous American business men
studying Germany and has had *'
strong support of th» -apart
ment.
France had opposed this policy at
every turn. The French proposed a
low level of German industry,
coupled with international control
of the Ruhr.
The French position was regarded
in military government quarters
here as directly incompatible with
the announced aims of Britain and
the United States as far as bizonal
Germany was concerned.
These sources pointed out that
France steadfastly had refused to
join the bizonal merger and accept
joint responsibility for Western Ger
many. They said the Marshall offer
for a three-power conference ap
parently would give France the
same sort of veto power over the
rehabilitation of the Ruhr that
(See GERMANY.Page, A-5.)
bulletins
GAO Building Authorized
The House today passed and
sent to the Senate a bill au
thorizing construction of a
$28,850,000 General Accounting
Office building at Fourth and
G streets N.W.
Game Replay Ordered
NEW YORK I-'B.—President
Ford Frick of the National
League today ordered “in the
name of common sense and
sportsmanship” that the dis
puted game of last Sunday be
tween the Brooklyn Dodgers
and St. Louis Cardinals at
Ebbetts Field be replayed on
August 18, thus upholding the
protest of the St. Louis Club.
Robert J. Watt Dies at Sea
Robert Jr Watt of this city.
American labor leader and
former member of the War La
bor Board, died at sea on the
liner Saturnia while returning
to the United States from
Geneva, where he had been
American delegate to the In
ternational Labor Organiza
tion Conference, according to
advices received here today.
. Seek to Impeach Witness
! Gerhart Eisler’s lawyers
moved this afternoon to im
i peach the testimony of a key
! witness who testified last week
| at the District Court passport
fraud trial that Eisler met
with Earl Browder and two
Canadian Communist leaders
in Buffalo in 1933. The attor
neys claimed the two Cana
dians were in jail throughout
1933, and sought depositions to
this effect from the superin
tendent of the Kingston (On
tario) Penitentiary.
(Earlier Story on Page A-2.)
Emergency Statutes Out
President Truman today de
clared the war over, insofar
as veterans’ benefits and a
batch of other war and emer
gency statutes are concerned.
He signed a Senate joint reso
lution making inoperative
some 175 laws whose effect was
based on the states of war and
emergency. s
^ ID ID NTMIND
HIS BEING HOMESICK,
.IT WAS THAT
ENVIOUS LOOK THAT
DISTURBED ME!

House D. C. Group Demands
To Know Why Friede Isn't Fired
Commissioners Asked for Explanation
As Fire Alarm Probe Report Is Released
By Don S. Warren
The House District Committee
today served a blunt demand on
the District Commissioners to
explain in writing why they are
keeping Herbert A. Friede, for
mer director of the fire alarm
system, on the District payroll.
Chairman Dirksen-released a re
port of the Auchincloss Subcommit
tee on its investigation of corre
spondence between Mr. Friede and
the Gamewell Corp., manufacturers
of fire alarm equipment, which
charged that Mr. Friede wrote spec
ifications for the District purchase
of equipment "that practically elim
inated bidding by any other firm
than the Gamewell Corp.”
Soon afterward Commissionei
John Russell Young told reporter:
i the Commissioners would make a
statement as soon as they are re
quested formally to do so.
He said the case is not closed, that
Mr. Friede's conduct still is being
carefully investigated, and that as
far as he was concerned, there has
been no "willful reluctance” on the
(part of the Commissioners to con
clude the investigation and take
action.
Tire Commissioners as well as
other District officials, he reminded
reporters, have been busy for the
last several months with vital Dis
trict legislation and have spent a
great deal of their time on Capitol
Hill.
Mr. Friede was demoted from di
rector of the firm alarm system last
■ February, but was retained in the
i - I See FRXEDE, Page A-5.)
ICC Examiner Urges
Nickel Increase in
Arnold 10-Cenf Fare
No Raise Is Recommended
In 4 Zones; W., M. & A.
Petition Is Rejected
An Interstate Commerce Com
mission examiner today recom
mended to the agency that the
Washington, Virginia & Mary
land Coach Co. <Arnold Lines) be
granted a 5-cent increase in all
10-cent interstate fares and be
permitted sale of tokens at 3
for $1.
Tire proposals were made by Ex
aminer Tobias Naftalin. who pre
sided at hearings on fare increases
last month.
Mr. Naftalin also proposed that
the company be allowed to increase
its fourth zone fare from 20 to 25
cents. The company had sought an
increase to 30 cents.
Maryland Petition Denied.
In a separate action, an examiner
recommended denial of a petition of
the Washington, Marlboro & An
napolis Motor Lines, Inc., for an in- j
crease in inter-State fares from 10'
to 15 cents one-way for adults be- !
tween Washington and Seat Pleas
ant, Md.
The proposed Arnold fare in
creases would become effective at a
date to be announced later. An ICC
official explained that exceptions to
today's recommendation may be filed
within 20 days. In addition, the
commission now has before it a
petition from the company asking
that the increases be made effective
within five days. No action has
been taken on this, he said.
Once made effective, the proposed
fares would continue in force until
next March 31.
In the meantime, the company
(See BUS FARES, Page A-STF*"
Ohio Company Is First
To Raise Steel Price
»y the Associated Press
MIDDLETOWN, Ohio. July 25.—
The American Rolling Mill Co. today
was the first member of the steel
family to boost basic steel prices.
President Charles R. Hook an
nounced last flight that ARMCO
intended to meet rising costs by
getting $6 and $7 more a ton.
Revised prices, which Mr. Hook
said became effective yesterday,
quoted a basic figure of $57 a ton
for hot rolled steel compared with
$50 previously and $71 against $64
for cold rolled steel, the two finished
steel grades ARMCO produces.
Mr. Hook asserted that ARMCO
increased prices "to realize a rea
sonable, although relatively low,
profit on most of its production.”
He added that the price boosts fol
lowed the "impact” of wage ad
vances granted ARMCO steel work
ers, its coal miners and other zoom
ing production costs.
He said that only by increasing
prices could ARMCO conduct its
business "so as to provide reason
ably balanced output of various
sheet steel grades and it can do so
only if a profit is to be secured
on each.” ^
D. C. Fund Bill Signed;
Fowler Fears Taxes
Won't Meet Needs
Budget Officer Favors
Sales Levy as Substitute
For Raising Revenue
President Truman ,today signed
the Capital’s record $94,504,731
supply bill and the District
budget officer warned that higher
taxes for residents here will be
needed unless revenues from the
city’s new tax act greatly exceed
expectations.
Budget Officer Walter L. Fowlei
told reporters, who requested «
statement on the city’s financial
situation in the near future, that
the only good way of raising more
money would be to repeal the leakj
new income tax law and substitutf
a 2 per cent sales tax as advocated
earlier this year.
The city must have capital im
provements that can’t be mad«
under the present setup, he said
and must have the additional reve
nue to operate new facilities aftei
they are built.
_A.!_I M X... i i
ue.il min.u v *vi a *»
growing in Congress, he said, adding
however, that it would be folly t<
predict that Congress would pas;
such a tax at any specific time.
Says Many Favor Sales Tax.
A few years ago,the pointed out
few members of Congress could b<
found who would support a sale;
tax, but there are many advocate;
of it now.
The members of Congress "ari
coming ground to the realizatior
that Washington is the one city ir
the country where the sales tax i;
the tax,” Mr. Fowler said.
Badly needed school improve
ments and expansion alone wil
mean more taxes if the 1947 revenue
law' doesn't produce more monej
than expected, he said.
A major feature of the record
breaking supply bill is the big schoo
expansion program, which it i:
hoped will afford full-time instruc
tion after about a year for some
7.000 pupils now in part-time
classes.
The conference report approvec
for the bill eliminated $430,000 ol
i See D.C. LEGISLATION TPS .~A-6.j
Patrolman Ordered
Fired, Another Fined
In Georgetown Case
Board Acts on Stewart
And Garrett in Attack
On Student June 4
A three-man Police Trial
Board today recommended thei
dismissal of Pvt. James A. Stew-!
art, jr., 35, and a $350 fine for
Pvt. Warren L. Garrett. 32, as a!
result of charges that they i
struck a Georgetown University
student while arresting him
June i.
The recommendations now go to
the superintendent of police for
forwarding to the District Com
missioners for final approval or
disapproval.
Pvt. Garrett should pay the fine
at the rate of $15 each pay day be
ainnina nn r»r Spnfpmhpr IS.
the board recommended.
Hare Five Days to Appeal.
The two Seventh Precinct police
men have five days in which to ap
peal the recommendations to the
Commissioners
Capt. Walter Storm of the Twelfth
Precinct, a member of the board,
dissented in the recommendation
as to Pvt. Stewart and recommended
that he be given a $400 fine in lieu
of the dismissal.
The student, Stanley Joseph Fitz
patrick, was arrested by the police
men on May 30 and again on June 4
and it was out of the second arrest
that the dismissal and fine recom
mendations grew. At the time of
the first arrest Mr. Fitzpatrick was
| charged with drunkenness and dis
orderly conduct. He was found not
I guilty of the first charge and fined
i $5 for being disorderly.
On the second arrest he was
charged with drunkenness and was
found not guilty on June 12.
Convicted on 3 Counts.
Pvt. Stewart was found guilty by
the board on charges of unnecessary
violence toward a prisoner, conduct
unbecoming an officer and making
untruthful statements to a superior
officer. He was found not guilty of
the charge of neglect of duty.
Pvt. Garrett was found guilty of
neglect of duty, conduct unbecom
ing an officer and untruthful state
ments to a superior officer.
Presentation of their cases were
completed yesterday. Inspector
Clement P. Cox was chairman of the
1 board.
Witnesses' Records Hit.
In his closing argument, Defense
Attorney James J, Laughlin con
centrated on the police records of
several prosecution witnesess. Such
persons would “swear to anything"
in order to strike back at a police
man who had taken them into cus
tody. he argued.
Testifying in his own behalf,
Stewart said he was certain a num.
ber of the witnesses appeared
against him because he had arrested
them while enforcing, the law in
Georgetown.
Assistant Corporation Counsel
John J. Donnelly, jr„ who handled
the prosecution, waived closing
argument.
0 Both policemen denied all charges
placed against them.
Noel Coward Leaves for U. S.
LONDON, July 25 t>P).—Playwright
Noel Coward sailed on the Queen
"Elizabeth today for New York, where
he will combine a vacation with
professional activity.
Unrestricted Credit Buying
Seen Pqssible by November 1
By the Associated Press
A return to unrestricted install
ment buying November 1 appeared
likely today with the possibility that
President Truman might end con
trols on time-payment purchases
even earlier.
Compromise legislation to kill the
credit buying curbs at the end of
October passed the House by voice
vote and was sent to the Senate.
Senate action is expected to send
the measure to the White House by
tomorrow night.
Meanwhile, the Federal Reserve
Board predicted that Mr. Truman
will lift the restraints, as he prom
ised last June 5 to do unless Con
gress passed a law, specifically au
thorizing the restrictions In peace
time. He said he wanted the curbs
for a time as a safeguard against
inflation.
Current controls. Invoked by Pres
identtal order under special war
time powers, set the amounts of
down-payments and limit the time
for liquidating the balances—such as
one-third down and 15 months to
pay the remainder due on such
' things as automobiles, radios and re
frigerators.
Some confusion over the con
; sumer control problem arose yester
day at a White House news confer
ence when Mr. Truman, in response
' to a question, said he never had
promised to remove the controls, but
only to take action.
Later Federal Reserve Board of
ficials said the President appart..uly
misunderstood the query, and
thought the reporter was referring
to all wartime controls.
Then they predicted he would stick
j by his statement in a letter to
(See CREDIT, Pag^A-5,
May, Garssons
Get 8 Months
To Two Years
Appeals Planned;
Court Continues
Bond of $2,000
Former Representative Andrew
J. May was sentenced today to
serve eight months to two years
in prison for accepting $53,634.07
in bribes while he was wartime
chairman of the House Military
Affairs Committee. Identical
sentences were given to the mu
nition-making brothers who
gave the bribes, Henry and Mur
ray Garsson, by Justice Henry A.
Schweinhaut. No fines were im
posed.
The three were permitted to re
main free on $2,000 bond each pend
ing appeal, the jurist announced.
Personal Plea to Jurist.
May and Henry Garsson made
personal pleas to the jurist before
they were sentenced in which they
protested their innocence.
May declared he was not guilty of
taking “a single dime" dishonestly
while in Congress.
"I stand before the court today
with a clear, clean conscience, he
said.
“I never violated a law' as far as
I know in the 72 years of my life.
“I never received a dollar directly
or indirectly that was not honestly
earned or justly due.
“I never got a single dime from
the Garssons or anybody else.
“I never did a thing in Congress
that today vexes my conscience.
"I stand here today on the mercy
of the court. If I go to jail my
grandchildren will drop out of col
lege.
"Regardless of what has been
said In the malicious press * * •
I'm not guilty.”
Tells of Church Work.
May told the jurist, he had been
a superintendent of a Sunday
School and teacher of a Bible class
and a member of the Baptist
church. He added that he never
tasted liquor or used tobacco in any
form, hoping that in his old age
he would be able to enjoy good
health without "poisoning" his sys
tem.
Henry Garsson, in his plea to the
judge, declared he came out of
the war with less money than when
he went into it.
"I want to repeat that there was
never any intention on my part to
enter into any conspiracy or deprive
the Government of any Congress
man’s services,” he said. "My only
thought was to help the Govern
ment.
“There has been one myth in this
trial—about the powerful chairman
of the Military Affairs Committee.
I knew at the beginning of the war
that Congressmen have no power in
the departments. When a Congress
man goes in, it's like putting up a
red flag—they lean backward to
avoid the possibility of being accused
of doing something for a Congress
man."
“I gave information to May to
help the war effort—not to help
myself. My sole motive was to help
the Government.”
He also told Justice Schweinhaut
“there are certain religious faiths
(See MAY~Page A-6.)
86-Degree Temperature
Forecast Here Today
Following a three-day period of
cool weather, summer moved back
to Washington today, with temper
atures expected to reach 86 degree*
this afternoon.
The tail end of a cold wave that
swept the country from Western
Canada passed over Washington
last night and forced the tempera
ture down to 61 degrees, the Weath
er Bureau reported. This was three
degrees above the record low for
July 25, set in 1915.
The temperature will drop to
about 67 degrees tonight, the .bu
reau predicted, with a continuation
of sunny weather expected tomor
row. Yesterday’s high temperature
was 83 degrees at 4:56 p.m.
Meanwhile, the return of hot
weather in other parts of the coun
try brought a dead heat for high
marks yesterday at Phoenix. Ariz.,
and Blythe, Calif. It was 110 de
grees at each place, the bureau re
ported.
e i n . »•_
junaay t\euumy . . ,
From the "lowest form of
diplomatic life.” the way he
felt when third assistant to an
ambassador 30 years ago, Nor
man Armour emerged as the
“ideal diplomat,” the “para
gon of the foreign service.”
As new Assistant Secretary of
State, this genial gentleman
now pulls the strings on all
American envoys. In an en
tertaining Sunday Editorial
Section article, Richard L.
Stokes examines the colorful
career of the man Gen.
Marshall lured out of retire
ment to bolster his staff.
Companion pieces by Gar
nett D. Horner and Constan
tine Brown deal w'ith agenda
hifeh lights of the approaching
inter-America Security Con
ference at Rio de Janiero and
with efforts of the United
States to revive the Ruhr’s
coal and steel industries as a
stimulant to foreign trade and
to aid Europe’s recovery.
An artistic color cover of
“The Old Mill Wheel” graces
the Pictorial Magazine, wdiile
special coverage of current
books, gardening, amuse
ments, sports, society, art,
music, etc., round out the
usual thorough and accurate
news content of

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