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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, July 25, 1947, Image 4

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Start in Closing Out
Gl Bill Benefits Is
Up to White House
By *h« Aueciatcd Pr«i« •
The day President Truman signs
Senate joint resolution 123 will be
T-Day—Termination of war days—
so far as some 16,000,000 war veter
ans and servicemen are concerned.
Enactment of the measure, which
has passed Congress with no sign of
White House opposition, will mark
the beginning of the end of the vast
educational? enemployment and
loan-guarantee benefits of the G. I.
Bill of Rights. Mr. Truman has
until August 1 to act on the measure.
When it becomes law war veterans
benefits will no longer be available
a. nvn ciuiowvai *»4iu ii
who enter the services after the
President’s signature is affixed will
be considered peace-time personnel.
When they leave the services, they
will be considered only ex-service
men, not war veterans. As such
they will not be entitled to unem
ployment allowances, educational
or job-training assistance, or gov
ernment loan-guarantees. If they
have service-incurred disabilities,
they will be entitled to compensation
at about 75 per cent of the war-time
2. Men and women in service at
time the the measure is signed but
who leave the service after less
than 90 days of duty. Those who
have even one day of service before
the act becomes law, however, and
remain in service for the minimum
90 days period will qualify to some
degree for the benefits.
For men and women still in
service when the President signs
8-123, termination of benefits will
begin with the day of their dis
charge. For othere veterans of
World War II, benefits will be af
fected as follows:
1. Education and job-training—
courses must be started not later
than fpur years after the date of
the signing, and must be completed
not later than nine years after T
day. The Veterans’ Administration
pays up to $500 a school year for
from one to four years—depending
upon length of service—toward a
war veteran's tuition, laboratory
and library fees and other expenses.
It pays subsistence allowances up
to $90 a month.
Affects Disabled.
2. Unemployment allowances—will
cease two years after T day. They
range up to $20 a week for not
more than 52 weeks.
3. Loan guarantees—will be made
any time within 10 years after T
day. The Government guarantees
up to 50 per cent on farm, home and
business loans to veterans—loans
not exceeding $2,000 on non-real
estate property and $4,000 on real
S-123 sets termination dates for
the benefits not only of the GI Bill
of Rights—Public Law 346, officially
known as the Servicemen's Read
justment Act—but of the vocational
readjustment of disabled veterans—
Public Law 16.
Public law 16 offers- to disabled
veterans privileges matching those
under the GI bill—up to four years
of education, with no training be
yond nine years after T-day, a
minimum subsistence allowance of
$105 a month and other benefits.
Insurance Guaranty to End. , .
Enactment of S-123 also will ter
minate Federal guarantee of pre
miums on commercial life insurance
policies of servicemen.
This practice, provided in Article
IV of the Soldiers and Sailors Civil
Relief Act, was adopted to protect
servicemen who as civilians had
taken out insurance policies so large
that they would have been unable
to pay the premiums with their
military earnings.
Expiration of the Selective Service
Act, which halted the compulsory
draft, envied the need for such pro
As of June 30, there were 14,361,000
World War II veterans. The Vet
erans Administration, adding in the
numbe? of persons still in active
service, estimated that when the
war is officially terminated the total
of World War II veterans will ex
ceed 16,(fe0.000.
As of June 30, 211,800 disabled
veterans and 1.862,633 other veterans
were participating in education and
training benefits.
More than 834,000 w'ere drawing
unemployment allowances, which in
May totaled $55,726,000, and 890.326
loans totaling $4,855,288,000 were
undpr guaranty.
Fire Captain Says He'll Pay
Own Expenses at Hearing
Fire Capt. William V. James, sus
pended after an engine house ex
plosion July 17, said today he would
pay his own legal expenses in the
hearing before the Fire Depart
ment Trial Board.
"I appreciate the aid and sym
pathy of Local 36 of the Firemen's
Association but I have requested
that the association contribute
nothing to my legal costs.” Capt.
James said.
Fire Capt. J. W. Conroy, associa
tion president, said today that Capt.
James would have the "unqualified
support" of the association. Four
firemen, under Capt. James’ com
mand. were injured while cleaning
a boiler with a mixture of gasoline
and oil at No. 18 Engine House,
Eighth' and D streets S.E.
D. C. Man to Face Court
On State Lobbying Count
John B. Newman, vice president of
the Corn Industries Foundation,
1329 E street N.W., will appear in
Superior Court at Madison, Wis.,
Monday for arraignment on charges
of lobbying during the 1947 Wis
consin legislature without register
ing. the Associated Press reported.
Mr. Newman said today that he
appeared only as a spectator dur
ing a hearing of the House Agri
culture Committee there.
Treasury Plans to roil bnarks
Who Bought Up Gl Leave Bonds
ty th* Aisocioted Pr»i
The Treasury hopes to foil the
“sharks” who have clipped veterans
by buying up GI terminal leave
bonds at a discount. *
A top official said today that every
effort will be made to stop them
from cashing the bonds when and
if President Truman signs the bill
making the bonds cashable after
September 1.
"We will not permit these sharks
to realize gains out of victimizing
veterans,” he Ibid a reporter.
To prevent it, the Treasury is
preparing regulations forbidding
payment to anyone except the vet
erans in whose names the bonds
were made out.
Payment will be made through
the banks. And they will be in
structed to require positive identi
fication—display of discharge papers,
if necessary—to make sure that me
[bonds are not cashed by someone
other than the original owner.
If the banks are properly alert—
and neglect will be at their own risk
the Treasury said it believes it can
stop illegal buyers from getting any
money at all.
Numerous reports of cut-rate
cashing have been received here.
Mostly, complaints have com?
from veterans relating that, hard
pressed for quick cash, they indorsed
their bonds over to persons who paid
them only 50 to 80 cents on the dol
lar of bond value. •
Other complaints are that mer
chants have taken the bonds—not
always at a discount—in payment
on veterans’ purchases.
The law, however, forbids trans
fer of ownership of the bonds and
also protects them against levy or
seizure under legal process.
Flemming Asks Senate
To Restore $7,710,C - 3
For Full Loyalty Probe
By Joseph Young
Civil Service Commissioner Ar
thur S. Flemming today asked the
Senate Appropriations Committee
for $7,710,000 more than allowed
by the House in order that Presi
dent Truman’s Federal loyalty in
vestigation program may be carried
out "on a full scale.”
Mr. Flemming said that while the
$11,000,000 allotted by the House
yesterday wouid permit adequate
investigations of Federal employes
already on the payroll, it would cur
tail somewhat investigations of Fed
eral job applicants.
In addition, Mr. Flemming said
that unless more funds were granted
the commission could not go ahead
with the plan to conduct especially
thorough loyalty investigations of
applicants for so-called "sensitive"
jobs of a military and scientific na
rm r_
The House gave the commisslor
only $3,500,000 of the $16,160,000 it
originally had requested. Mr. Flem
ming said he was asking that only
$7,710,000 of the request be re
stored because the original estimate
had been based on the assumption
that the program already would
have started. The FBI fared much
better at the hands of the House,
receiving $7,500,000, which was
nearly all it requested.
If the Senate Appropriations
Committee and the Senate go along
with the House, even to the extent
of only $11,000,000, a Federal em
ploye loya^y investigation program
will get under way this year. Civil
Service Commission and FBI offi
cials have completed plans for the
investigations and need only the
money to put the program into ef
A group of liberal Senators are
expected to object on the Senate
floor to the proposed loyalty inves
tigations on the grounds that they
would deprive Federal employes of
basic civil,rights. If a vigorous, flour
fight materializes, it could Hold up
tomorrow's scheduled adjournment
of Congress.
Under the House bill, the FBI
would carry out the brunt of the
investigations, with the Civil Serv
ice Commission doing the prelim
inary work. The commission, how
ever, would have jurisdiction over
the various appeal boards.
^ m . - ■ ■ ■
lomminee Backs Bill
To Re-Erect Fountain
Relocation of the McMillan Foun
tain in the new rose garden in Po
tomac Park, south of independence
avenue and east of Twenty-third
street S.W.. today was a step nearer
The Senate Public Lands Com
mittee yesterday approved a bill to
authorize a $25,000 appropriation to
re-erect the fountain, which honors
former Senator James McMillan.
Republican, of Michigan, who died
in 1902. He was chairman of the
Senate District Committee and
sponsored a plan for the orderly de
velopment of Washington.
For years the McMillan Fountain
stood in McMillan Park, near First
and Bryant streets N.W. Around
1940 the fountain was moved to per
mit enlarging the nearby water sup
ply system as a war measure. The
fountain now is in a National Capi
tal Parks storehouse here.
Park officials plan to place the
fountain as a major feature of the
new rose garden. The area* now is
occupied by the wartime WAVE bar
racks. The old rose garden is being
relocated to clear the way for con
struction of the abutments of the
twin bridges across the Potomac
River to replace the old Highway
Bridge. *
Harriman to Be Speaker
At Air Force Day Banquet
Secretary of Commerce Harriman
will speak at the annual Air Force
day banquet to be held at 7:30 p.m.
next Friday at the Statler Hotel.
The banquet, celebrating the 40th
anniversary of the founding of the
Army Air Corps, is sponsored by the
Air Force Association and the Aero
Club of Washington. Jesse M. Had
ley, Aero Club president, will preside
and flames H. Doolittle, retired AAF
general and head of the Air Force
Association will be master of cere
monies. Gen. Carl Spaatz, com
manding general of the AAF. will
respond to tributes paid to the Air
Forces. ,
Guests of honor will include Sec
retary of State Marshall, Fleet Ad
miral Chester W. Nlmitz, Fleet Ad
miral William D. Leahy and Lt.
Gen. J. Lawton Collins.
Large American Group
Attending Auction of
Furs in Leningrad
By th« Associated Press
MOSCOW, July 25.—The interna
tional fur auction in Leningrad is
going full swing with more than 100
foreign buyers present, including^ a
large group from the Uhited States,
in the first large scale invasion of
foreign businessmen into the Soviet
Union since before the war.
According to reports from Lenin
grad the auction, being held under
the auspices of Soyuzpushnina
Soviet fur marketing organization
is marked by heavy buying, solid
prices and good furs.
Philip Dickman, representing
Landis Bros, and United Americar
Furs, said on the telephone from
Leningrad that sables, ermine, and
Persian lamb represented the pick
of the large lot being offered.
Mr. Dickman said the choice items
largely are being picked off by
American representatives of many
fur brokers and individual firms.
The auction formally opened July
21 with a large banquet given by
Soyuzpushnina for attending buyers.
Actually, however, the buyers ar
rived July 10 in order to inspect the
lots which were on exhibition.
Since July 21 sales have been going
on every day from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
This intensive schedule has tired
buyers and seriously interfered with
the gala social life under Leningrad’s
white nights which had been char
i acteristic of the sales before the war.
The buyers are housed in the well
known, comfortable Astoria Hotel.
Sales proceed in the famous Fur
Auctions Building devoted solely to
Russia's large fur trade and designed
particularly to handle auctions.
The sales will end July 26 when
visiting buyers will leave and Mos
cow’s colony of American fur buyers
regularly living in the >. Metropole
Hotel in the Soviet capital will re
turn to sit out the winter and carry
on their regular, little advertised
business of handling Russia's major
export to the United States.
Father Gallery Assumes
University Presidency
Installation of the Very Rev. J.
Eugene Gallery S. i , formeily of
Washington, m president of the
University of Scranton and rector
of the Jesuit
community in
Scranton, Pa.,
took place last
night, it was an
nounced here to
day. j
Before he en
tered church!
work in 1931,
Father Gallery
was in business
here. His father,
the late William
J. Gallery estab
lished a church
goods concern
half a century r.ther G»ii«t.
Father Gallery went to Scranton
University with' the first group of
Jesuits who took over its adminis
tration and for the past five years
has been chairman of the Depart
ment of Social Science and a mem
ber of the university board of
In 1934 he organized and directed
the Hazel ton Labor College in Hazel
ton, Pa., and later organized similar
colleges in Shenandoah and Scran
A graduate of Gonzaga High
School and Georgetown University,
he served as an artillery officer dur
ing World War I. Sister Mary Am
brose, his sister, is stationed at
Saint Mary of the Woods College,
Terre Hau^e, Ind.
American u. ro increase
College's Tuition $150
American University today an
nounced a $150 tuition increase for
a year’s enrollment at its College
of Arts and Sciences, effective this
President Paul F. Douglass said
the increase was ordered by the
University's Board of Trustees ‘‘to
meet rising costs, increased faculty
salaries, important additions to the
faculty, the demands of the new
curriculum and the desire to main
tain small classes with close rela
tionships with professors.”
There will be no change, he said,
in other tuition at the school.
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Press Freedom Vital
In Preserving Peace,
Canadian Tells U. N.
By th» Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, July 25.—Paul
Martin, Canadian Minister of Na
tional Health and Welfare, declared
today the principles of freedom of
Information and of the press are
essential to the maintenance of in
ternational peace and other objec
tives of the United Nations.
In an address to the United Na
tions Economic and Social Council
on the report of the U. N. Sub
commission on Freedom of Infor
mation and of the Press, Mr. Martin
said his government supported the
subcommission's recommendation
that a projected world conference
on freedom of information be held
early next year. He said Canada
attached great importance to this
"The people and the government
of Canada believe that freedom of
information and freedom of the
press are not only basic freedoms
in themselves but are essential to
the fruitful exercise of other basic
freedoms," Mr. Martin said.
Sees Peril to Democracy.
He added that without adequate
access to comprehensive and objec
tive information on the world in
which we live, the "very existence
of democracy could be endangered.”
Mr. Martin told the delegates that
his Government believed that fa
cilities for full comprehensive and
objective reporting, and the “right
of access of all men to such infor
mation will contribute to interna
tional understanding and friend
“Wp haliava a Ten M ha eairt “that
the principles of freedom of infor
mation and freedom of the press are
essential to the other purposes of
the United Nations—to the mainte
nance of international peace, and to
the solution of problems of an eco
nomic, social, cultural and humani
tarian character. We believe that
it is essential to the promotion of
‘social progress and better standards
of living in larger freedom.’ ”
Mr. Martin declared that the dele
gates had. met in the U. N. to make
an effort to build a true community
of all the people of the world. He
said that his Government deplored
any effort to limit or destroy that
“We are inevitably concerned with
any barriers which might remove
any peoples, or groups of peoples, in
any part of the world, from the
process of give-and-take in eco
nomic, cultural or political affairs—
which full participation in a world
community implies,” he said.
Denial of Visas Assailed.
“We are concerned lest any such
existing barriers be extended, we
are deeply desirous that any existing
barriers be removed. I need hardly
stress the relevance of this prin
ciple to freedom of information.
For censorship of outgoing news is
one such barrier; internal censor
ship is another; prohibition of im
ported books and periodicals is a
third. Denial of visas for foreign
correspondents is also a barrier, and
a dangerous one.”
The report was drafted by the
subcommission in 23 meetings this
snrimr Thp mihrnmmiiuinn ntos
called to frame a work schedule
for the world conference. TJye re
port must he acted -on by the Eco
nomic and Social Council and the
U. N. Assembly.
Proposals for wiping out censor
ship and facilitating the work of
newsmen around the globe stood
out as high points to be considered
by the world conference. The sub
commission refused to accept a pro
posal by the Russian member, Y. M.
Lomakin, listing among objectives
of the press a struggle against
“remnants of fascism and against
Instead, the subcommission ap
proved a substitute which included
the general concept that the basic
objective of free information media
is to “tell the truth without pre
judice and to spread knowledge
without malicious intent."
Street Lights Novel
Searchlights were used to light
the streets of Braintree, England,
lacking fuel.
I W I teg**™
‘ ■
Red Ban on U. S. Subcommittee
Arouses New Ire in Congress
■y the Auociotad frm
Moscow's refusal to permit three
members of Congress to visit Russia
rubbed raw today a new point of ir
ritation between Congress and the
Soviet Union.
The turn down produced:
1. A proposal that hundreds,
maybe thousands, of Russians be
expelled from the United States.
2. A curt letter to Soviet Ambas
sador Nikolai V. Novikov about “dip
lomatic deterrents.”
3. Complete junking of plans for
the trip.
4. A rise in congressional tem
peratures, especially that of Rep.
Kersten, Republican, of Wisconsin.
Mr. Kersten is chairman of a
three-man House labor subcommit
tee which was supposed to go to
Russia in September to study educa
tion and labor to determine the
amount of freedom allowed students,
teachers and workers.
The State Department issued
passports to Mr! Kersten and to
Representatives Owens, Republican
of Illinois, and Kennedy, Democrat,
of Massachusetts.
But Moscow refused visas
The reason, Mr. Kersten was told
in a letter from Yuri M. Bruslov,
chief of the consular division of the
Soviet Embassy:
“Lack of hotel accommodations
and some other shortages, both in
Moscow and in the big educational
and industrial centers, caused by the
As a result, the letter said, “trips
of foreign tourists are not yet possi
ble for the time being.”
Mr. Kersten got off a letter yes
terday to Secretary of State Mar
shall and another to Ambassador
He told Gen. Marshall:
"When a congressional subcom
mittee is refused visas by the Rus
sian Embassy because of ‘lack of
hotel accommodations,’ I submit it
is entirely in order for you to re
quest the immediate removal of all
excess Russian nationals, registered
and unregistered, residing, in our
country, because of the acute hous
ing shortage in the United States.
Asks Strict Reciprocity.
Further, he asked Gen. Marshall
to put into effect "strict reciprocity”
and "authorize the residence in this
country of only that number of Rus
sian nationals as is permitted to
citizens of the United States in the
Soviet Union."
To Novikov, Keraten wrote that
the people of the world hunger for
“objective truth rather than dip
lomatic deterrents,” He said the
subcommittee bad not Intended to
travel as ‘tourists” and was prepared
for "plenty of hardships.”
But fingering his American pass
port-minus Soviet visa—the chair
man told a reporter he has aban
doned any plans for the trip now.
“Certainly,” he said, “we are not
going to beseech them. And I in
tend to insist that excess Russians
in this country be politely and firmly
invited to leave.”
He said he thinks Secretary Mar
shall has the necessary power to
get them out through control of
passports and visas. Oen. Marshall
had no immediate comment. Neither
did the Russian Embassy.
Mr. Kersten said there are about
168 Americans with passports in
Russia and 810 registered Russians
in the United States—now, In 1945
it was about 168 to 2,500, he said.
Rings Worth $2,200 Lost
Loss of two rings, valued at more
than $2,200, was reported to police
by Mary Collins Morse, 29, of 1448
Girard street N.W. She told author
ities she lost the rings last night in
the ladies’ lounge of the Hi-Hat
Room at the Ambassador Hotel.
Both rings were platinum, she said
one set with a two-carat diamond
surrounded by 12 smaller diamonds,
and the other with three sapphires
in the shape of an arrow, and 39
small diamonds.
Wiley Plans Memorial
For War Servicewomen
•y Hw Auociutcd Pr«n
Senator Wiley, Republican of Wis
consin said today he expects to in
troduce legislation to create som
type of a memorial to honor th
servicewomen of World War II.
He abandoned the idea of pro
posing some appropriate honor t<
the ‘‘Unknown servicewoman of thi
Second World War” when informe<
by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, Arm;
Chief of staff, that:
‘‘The records disclose that then
are no unidentified deceased womer
of World War II.”
Gen. Eisenhower said that of the
200,000 women who served in the
Army during the last vu, there
were 21 deaths from battle Casualties
all were nurses and all were identi
fied. In addition, 32 nurses were
wounded, as were 13 WAC ehrollees
There were no battle casualties
among the 152,000 women who served
in the Navy.
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