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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 17, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast Home Delivery
Considerable cloudiness and somewhat The Evening and Sunday Star is
cooler today with occasional showers. High delivered by carrier in the city and
about 85, tomorrow partly cloudy. suburbs at 90c per month when 4
Temperatures Yesterday. $ Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5
Noon _89 6 p.m_92 ll p.m.76 Sundays
4 » X::::.X Ta.m:~::5 Telephone na. sqqq.
An Associated Press Newspaper
No'. 2,211-No. 57,724 " WASHINGTON, D. C., AUGUST 17, 1947-112 PAGES. * “ TEN CENTS.
, ... _ - - —.. —- . ■ " -- -- ■ ■ - - - - - - _._. _ ■■■■-— i. i . ■ ■■■■■■ ■ ■ - - ■ ,
Rio Conference
Asks Mediation
In Paraguay
Argentina Reaffirms
Call for Hemisphere
Economic Help
By the Associated Press
QUITANDINHA, Brazil, Aug.
16.—A proposal for joint media-;
tion of the Paraguayan civil war
was adopted unanimously today
by the 20-nation inter-American
conference and Argentina re
affirmed her demands for swift
economic aid and co-operation
in the hemisphere.
The conference, c’alled to draff a:
hemispheric defense treaty, adopted
a mediation proposal by Uruguay
under which it will dispatch mes
sages to both sides in the Para
guayan conflict asking for a quick
end to the fighting.
Argentine Foreign Minister Juan
Bramuglia asked the delegates: “If
we were able in defense of world
peace far from our shores to offer
economic help and co-operation to
countries needing it, why cannot we
do the same within America?”
Mr. Bramuglia said such a pro
gram would be “the compromise of
America with America which will
allow us, after it has been accom
plished, to offer to the men of the
world in stormy, painful hours the
reiuge ana source oi new creauve
energies.”
Earlier this week the Argentine
foreign minister called for a special
inter-American economic confer
ence.
Economic Session Opposed.
Some delegates have opposed
plans now for economic session on
the ground that insufficient time re
mained before the next inter-Amer
ican conference in Bogota next Jan
uary. Secretary of State Marshall
told reporters yesterday he would re
serve the United States’ attitude on
introducing economic questions at
the present conference until he had
heard expressions from th» other
delegates.
Senator Connally. Democrat, of
Texas, member of the United States
delegation, said tonight that Gen.
Marshall would make "a major
address next Wednesday in which
he is most likely to touch on hemi
sphere economic issues.”
Senator Connally said the United
States delegates were studying Mr.
Bramuglia's speech carefully.
The Argentine foreign minister
told the delegates today that the
American nations, “in mobilizing our
defensive energies,” are “preoccupied
with the annulment of capitalist ex
tremes and totalitarianism.”
He called on the Western Hemi
sphere "to find the only road to
social, political and economic liber
ation which may generate living
conditions for the existence of civil
dignity, social solidarity and an
economy of abundance which-liber
ates men instead of placing them
under submission.”
Peron’s Speech is Cited.
He referred to Argentine President
Juan D. Peron's speech last month
laying down a foreign policy midway
between what he described as Com
munist and caoitalist extremes and
declared that Gen. Peron had af
firmed “brilliantly in several cir- j
cumstances that man is above sys
tems and ideologies.”
Chilean Foreign Minister German
Vergara Donoso spoke after Mr.
Bramuglia, stressing what he said
was the urgency for the “economic
solidarity” of the Americas.
Mr. Vergara, who previously said
he opposed the economic conference
proposed by Argentina, said that “wej
must turn our preoccupations toward j
that which is the unavoidable com- j
plement” of continental security.
“This complement,” he continued.!
“has to do with the consolidation of |
economic order in the lif^ of Amer- j
ica. Until yesterday we could speak j
and work for the political solidarity j
ml the American peoples without anyj
fundamental preoccupation over thei
(economic side. Today this solidarity!
for which we are working with so!
much faith may become platonic and i
meaningless in spite of the best we
can do if we do not perfect it to
gether with economic solidarity.”
"Plan of Perfce” Proposed.
/Uruguayan Foreign Minister Mateo
Marques Castro proposed a “plan of
peace” capable of avoiding “the in
filtration of ideologies which ^re
strange to our mentality and con
ception of freedom."
Mr. Marques made a strong plea
for the existence of governments
“which legitimately represent their
peoples and assure the protection
and guardianship of human beings.”
“It is necessary at the same time
we are consolidating the peace to
make rational the economic prob
lems of production, industry, and
finances to put an end to the pains
ana nuseiiea ui hc oaiu.
Julian Caceres, Honduran dele
gate, said the defense treaty would
be the "most transcendent- event
ever occurring in the history of the
American republics."
Brazilian Foreign Minister Raul
Fernandes, unanimously elected
president of the conference vester
(See ftlO, Page A-8.)
Navy's Skystreak Nears
Speed of Sound in Test
By *h» Associated Press
The experimental Douglas Sky
streak, which may be the Navy’s
fastest plane, is reported creeping up
slowly in West Coast tests to the
area around the speed of sound.
No figures have been released on
how fast the Skystreak has flown,
but it was designed to probe the
lower fringes of the sound barrier—
somewhere between 600 and 750 miles
per hour.
The Navy announced yesterday
sthat the plane, a jet type, had com
pleted its 19th test flight. Specula
tion in aviation Circles is that it is
close to or has perhaps surpassed
the Army Air Force record of 623 .f
tn.p.h.
Complete Index, Pg. A-2
Radio Programs, Page C-8
> 1
Petkov, Anti-Communist Chief,
Sentenced to Death in Bulgaria
Agrarian Party Head
Is Found Guilty of
Plotting Revolt
By the Associated Press
SOFIA, Bulgaria, Aug. 16.—A
People’s Court today sentenced
to death Nikola Dimitrov Petkov,
Dutspoken anti-Communist lead
er of the Agrarian Party, on
charges he plotted to overthrow
the Communist-dominated Bul
garian government and install
himself as leader of a new re
gime.
Mr. Petkov also was 'fined and
;iven a 15-year prison sentence on
conviction of responsibility for an
indictment of the government which
appeared in the Agrarian Party
newspaper.
The court chairman said his con
viction on both charges might be
appealed before the Supreme Court
within seven days.
Mr. Petkov's four co-defendants,
all of which were convicted of par
ticipation in the alleged plot against
NIKOLA PETKOV.
—AP Wirephoto.
the government, received prison
sentences. Col. Marko Ivanov was
sentenced to 15 years, Col. Boris
(See BULGARIA, Page A-6.)
Churchill Denounces
Attlee Program for
Britain's Recovery
Offers Free Enterprise
As Alternative to Labor
Plan for Compulsion
ATTLEE’S CHANCES to Survive
Economic Crisis Believed Good.
Page A-5.
By th« Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 16. —Winston
Churchill offered the principles
of “free enterprise” to the British
people tonight as an alternative
to the Labor government’s
emergency economic program
which he said would lead to na
tional bankruptcy and disaster.
In a political broadcast from
Chartwell, te country home where
he wrote many of his stirring war
■ time speeches, the leader of the
Conservative opposition spoke at the
listening peak of the BBC's daily
! schedule in replv to Prime Minister
Attlee who at the same hour last
1 Sunday made an appeal for national
co-operation in Britain's economic
j crisis.
Attacks New Powers.
Attacking government-sponsored
i legislation passed this week giving
the Attlee administration wide pow
ers to direct labor, industry and all
national resources in the economic
battle Mr. Churchill declared:
“I warn you solemnly that if you
submit yourselves to totalitarian
compulsion and regimentation of
our national life and labor there
lies before you an almost measure
less prospect of misery and tribula
tion of which national bankruptcy
will be the first result, hunger the
second, and the dispersal or death
of a large proportion of our popula
, tion the third.
“The choice which lies before the
British nation is between a system
of competitive selection and a sys
j tem of compulsion.
Neither of these systems, he said,
i offered an “easy passage’ but “I am
U. S. to Oppose British
On Long-Term Loan
From Monetary Fund
Decision on English Move
To Revamp Unit May
Block Source of Aid
ANGLO-AMERICAN TALKS on
Ruhr Forecast Possible Actions.
Page' A-3.
By the Associated Press
Government officials said yes
terday the United States has de
cided to oppose an attempt by
Britain to revamp the 43-nation
World Monetary Fund, to permit
her to tap this vast treasury.
These officials, who asked not to
be quoted by name, talked to a re
porter on the eve of conferences
which will determine whether the
United States Will help Britain
weather her dollar crisis by easing
terms of the $3,750,000,000 British
loan agreement,
(The British economic mission
which will take part in the con
ference this week, left London
last night by plane for Washing
ton, London dispatches reported.)
The reported American decision,
in effect, would close the door to an
important source of dollar help for
the Britlah.
'Other Nations May Follow U. S.
The officials said they believe it
unlikely that. the other 41 member
governments In the $8,800,000,000
fund would approve the British re
quest in thS face of the Apposing
American stand.
Hugh Dalton, British chancellor
of the Exchequer, recently an
nounced the Labor government’s
intention of seeking modification of
the fund's charter to make British
elegible for financial assistance.
The fund's articles of agreement
now permit short-term "loans'' to
member countries temporarily lack
ing funds required for trading pur
POS<&- '
sure it is only by personal enort,
free enterprise and ingenuity, with
all its risks and failures, with all;,
its unequal Drizes and rewards, that
anvting like 47,000,000 people can;
keep themselves alive in this small;
island, dependent as it is. for half;
its food on selling high quality goods1
and rendering necessary services to
the rest of the high quality goods;
and rendering necessary services to
the rest of the world."
He declared “there can be no dis
pute about the Socialist failure or,
its gravity” and accused the govern- I
ment of having permitted the $3,
750.000,000 American loan to be “un
wisely and improvidently spent.” j
Direction of Labor Hit.
By direction of labor, due to begin
October 1, Mr. Churchill said the
Labor government was preparing to
deny the right—“for many centuries
deemed fundamental in a democracy
except in time of mortal war—for
every man to choose or change his
employment as he thinks fit.”
“I am shocked that two years after
all fighting has popped the Socialist
government tells us we must have
| these various forms of industrial
1 conscription,” Mr. Churchill said,
adding:
“ ‘War is hell." said the American
Gen. Sherman many years ago, but
surely peace is supposed to be dif
1 ferent.
“I am astounded that the trade
unions, with whom I have often,
worked in great matters, should be
willing to countenance such degra
dation of the fundamental rights
|Q>. r>'HTTT>r!MTT.T. Poera A-R 1
Ramadier Bars Reds
From Role in Regime
By the Associated Press
LYON LYON, Prance, Aug. 16.—
Premier Paul Ramadier today ac
cused the French Communist Party
of acting under “foreign” influence
and declared the socialists could not
bring the communists back into the
coalition government.
Vigorously defending his record as
premier in the past seven months—
| which included his expulsion oi
! Communists from the cabinet—Mr
Ramadier told delegates to the So
; cialist national convention thej
should collaborate with middle of th<
road parties to save the French re
! public.
Mr. Ramadier. wildly applaudec
; throughout his exposition of policy
hailed the Marshall proposal foi
American aid to Europe as a uniqui
opportunity for the confident to re
construct itself. He declared the dooi
. always would be open to nations ir
! Eastern Europe to participate in th<
l continent’s economic revival.
The premier said the Communist*
"regard everything as a tactical in
strument in the unfolding of a gen
eral strategy whose objectives g<
beyond the frontiers of our nation.'
t I
Members can draw up to 25 per
:ent of their subscriptions annually,
rhis means that Britain, which hasj
:ontributed $1,300,000,000, could get,
ip to $325,000,000 annually if the
iund’s board of directors approves.
Would Block Agency Purpose.
American Government officials op
posed to Mr. Dalton’s suggestion
said they believe any move by the
fund to permit long term loans—
which apparently is what Britain
wants—will make it impossible for!
this international agency to carry
out the purpose for which it was
established, to stabilize world cur
rency.
There were signs that this Amer
ican attitude may indicate an
adverse reaction to Britain's request
fgr two changes in the $3,750,000,000
loan agreement.
Top-ranking American Govern
ment officials headed by Secretary of
the Treasury Snyder will sit down
tomorrow with a visiting delegation
from Britain headed by Sir Wilfred
Eday to hear why the British feel
the provision of this agreement
should be eased.
Secretary Snyder is known to
share the desire of other American
officials to get full information from
the British on where the loan funds
have gone before deciding what to
do about changes.
Only $850,000,000 of the Ameri
can credit remains. The British
drew another installment of $150,
000,000 this week, making it almost
certain that the entire loan will be
gone by October 1 if the current
.spending rate continues.
By th» Associated Press
CHICAGO, Aug. 16.—For the sec
ond consecutive night 1,000 police
men were ordered tonight to a
South Side public housing project
where demonstrations against Negro
tenancy have resulted in the arrest
of 118 persons.
Police Capt. Raymond Crane
chief of the uniformed force, had
expected a larger crowd at the
project tonight than last night’s
estimated 3.000 but only a few per
sons gathered and they dispersed
! quickly. *
Taverns In a two-square mile area
j around-the community tonight were
ordered closed until Sunday noon.
During last night’s disturbances
stones were thrown at street lights,
| automobiles and streetcars, and sev
eral windows were broken. Several
streetcar passengers were cut by
I flying glass but no serious injuries
! were reported.
The demonstrations began Tues
| day night after seven colored fam
i ilies had movec{ into the new Fern
wood project with 40 white fam
ilies. ’
I
Reds Defeated
On World Bank
Link to U. N.
Economic Council
Urges That Assembly
Accept Agreement
By the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 16.—The i
United Nations Economic and!
Social Council tonight overrode!
vigorous Russian opposition andj
approved a draft agreement j
linking the International Bank
for Reconstruction and Develop-1
ment with the U. N. as a special
ized agency.
Despite Soviet tharges that the
agreement violated -the %. N. Char
ter, the Council approved by a vote
of 13 to 3 an American proposal to
accept the agreement and to recom
mend its approval by the General
Assembly.
Only Russia, White Russia and
Norway voted against the U. N.
resolution. Czechoslovakia and New
Zealand abstained.
Earlier Russia was defeated, 14
to 3, when she moved formally to
send the agreement back to the
Negotiating Committee for revision.
The Council also rejected a Norwe
gian proposal to defer action until
specific directives were laid down by
the General Assembly.
Night Session Necessary.
The fight over the bank developed :
as the Council drove toward ad-;
journment of its four-week session.
As a result of the long debate, the;
delegates were forced to go into a
night session.
The American resolution approved
by the council, also recommended
that the General Assembly ac
cept a similar draft agreement
bringing the international mone
tary fund into relationship with
the U. N. The two agreements were
debated jointly >
The $8,000,000,000 International
Bank and the monetary fund origi
nally grew out of the Bretton Woods
conference and were intended to
aid the reconstruction and develop
ment of the world's war-wrecked
economy. So far they have had no
direct connection with the U. N.,
although their membership is al
rpost identical with that of the
world peace organization,
i
Loan Section Assailed.
Opponents of the draft agreement
contended that the International
Sank had sought exceptional privi
leges as compared with other speci
alized agencies linked to the U. N.
The section of the agreement
dealing with loans provoked the
most controversy. This said:
"The United Nations recognizes
that the action taken by the bank
ar any loan is a matter to be de
termined by the independent exer
cise of the bank’s own judgement
• * *. The United Nations recog
nizes therefore that it would be
sound poliev to refrain from making
recommendations to the bank with
respect to particular loans or with
respect to terms or conditions of
financing by the .bank.”
Soviet Delegate Alexander P
Morozov said this section gave the
impression that the credit policy
of the bank might not be in agree
ment with the charter.
Thorp Urged Approval.
Assistant Secretary of State Wil
lard L. Thorp contended for the
United States that the agreement
was in full accord with the charter.
He urged immediate approval.
"It would be most unfortunate.”
Mr. Thorp said, "if this council
failed to recommend to the General
Assembly approval of these agree
ments.”
Mr. Morozov, pointing out thal
Russia is not a member of eithei
the International Bank or the fund
said the Soviet Union had a dut)
as a member of the council to insisi
(See U. N„ Page A-4.) '
Paraguay Reports Rebels
Fleeing Into Argentina *
ly the Associated Press
ASUNCION^Paraguay, Aug. 16
The Paraguayan, government an
nounced today that rebel troops
fieeing after being repulsed in thei
attack on the capital,- Asunction
were crossing the frontier into Ar
gentina.
The communique issued this aft
emoon said the ijebels were layin
down their arms in areas south o
Asuncion and crossing into neutra
territory.
“The capital of the republic ha
reacquired its habitual normality,
the communique said.
118 Held, 1,000 Police Called
AtChicagoMixed Racial Projed
MayoriMartin m. K.ew\puy wa
visited by 30 colored and 10 whit
residents of the area at the Cit
Hall today. Several in the grou
urged that “the militia be called”
but Mayor Kennelly told them, ‘
believe we have the situation We
under control.”
The project is operated by tl
Chicago Housing Authority,
municipal body.
Miss Elizabeth Wood, executh
director of the authority, said
“has always maintained a policy <
nondiscrimination” in allottir
homes to "members of minorii
groups.”
She said the Fern wood homes a;
temorary structures, both of wot
and the Quonset variety, erected c
the site by the Federal Govemmer
which -moved them from war insta
lations.
She said the authority install*
plumbing and utilities aad rent*
the land for the project from tl
Chicago Board of Education at
rental of *1 a year. Only veterai
are eligible for tenancy.
I
I
4
GIVE ME THeI
■m 5o«f....ir looks
1 LIKE'THEBEST 1
4 BUY ON THE {
MARKET! /
i'-mvL —4
Search Speeded for 50 Miners
Still Trapped in British Pit
"Miracle Survival' of Three After Being
Entombed More Than 21 Hours Spurs Hunt
By the Associated Press
WHITEHAVEN, England, Aug.
16.— Rescue squads du^ 54,
scorched and twisted bodies out|
of blasted William coal mine
today and speeded the search for
50 other missing miners—spurred
by the “miracle survival’ of three
men trapped more than 21 hours
in the 135-year-old undersea
shaft.
The three shocked and bruised ex
plosion survivors—who were among
the 117 trapped late yesterday in
Britain’s worst coal mine disaster in
13 years—stumbled into the arms of
rescue workers this afternoon.
They had been entombed for
nearly a day and a night in aban
doned reaches of Britain’s oldest un
derwater mine, that sketches under
an inlet of the Irish Sea on Eng
land’s northwest coast.
Rescue of the trio raised the roll
of survivors to 13 and rekindled the
flickering hopes for those still miss
ing -after more than 24 hours of
slow digging through the wreck
age. Deadly mine gas slowed down
rescue operations.
One coal board official called.lt a
‘‘miracle survival” but ‘ emphasized
that hopes of finding any more alive
were “very slight.”
"After the explosion we started to
move away irom the explosion and
saw another group of men,” John
Birkett, one of the three survivors,
told reporters. “We tried to get
them out of the explosive area but
the air was getting foul then and
these men would not come back.”
Pate of the men who refused to
flee toward the abandoned extreme
seaward end of the mine was dis
closed by a national coal board of
ficial who said "the bodies of the
second group have been found.”
Cheers from a worried, grim crdwd
(See MINE, Page A-8.)r
Goodyear Union Wins
Paid Holidays In Lieu
|Of Wage Increases
Counsel Hopes Agreement
Will Serve as Pattern
For Rest of 'Big Four'
By the Associated Press
AKRON, Ohio, Aug.- 16.-\An
agreement on six paid holidays
ia year, in lieu of further wage
i increases, was reached tonight
i between the United Rubber
I Workers’ Union (CIO) and Good
i year Tire & Rubber Co., affecting
I about 30,000 workers in nine
plants.
The agreement toas announced in
a joint statement by representa
tives of the union and company
after three days of negotiations in
Cleveland.
G. L. Patterson, general counsel
for the union, said he “hoped” the
settlement would serve as a pattern
I for sitnilar agreements with other
! concerns in the “big four” of the
industry—Goodrich, Firestone and
United States Rubber. Negotiations
with Goodrich are scheduled to
! start Monday.
Wage Increases Sought. <
Originally the union had asked
for wage increases of an unspeci
fied amount, equalling the increase
V m the cost of living since January
1, plus the difference between 1 lu
cent s received from the .Big Four
r last March and any other pattern
of wage settlements In other in
dustries. The average hourly rate,
irj the Akron area following the
’ March 22 settlement was about
| $1.50.
It was stipulated in tonight s
1 agreement that general wage levels
:| (See RUBBER, Page A-9.)
---
! i * . ~ i
Meyer is xeaay
To Testify Now;
l Just Took Rest
i By tht A**oc»ot«d Pr«s*
c LOS ANGELES, Aug. 16.—Johnny
e Meyer. Howard Hughes’ publicity
y man. flew back Into town today and
p said:
“If they are still trying to sub
I poena me, I am now back at home.”
U Mr. Meyer, who said he still has
a subpoena which expired Aug. > in
. his pocket, declared he had not been
l trying to hide from the Senate War
Investigating Committee.
“I spent several days in New York,
* where everybody saw me," the ro
, tund party-giver told the Assort
ated Press. “Then I went up to a
■S j friend's place in Michigan. I needed
y a rest and I went off and got it.”
Informed that Senator Harry
e Cain, Republican, of Washington
d i currently inspecting the Hughes
n i plant, had expressed interest in his
t,'draft deferments, Mr. Meyer said
1- i -Well, he can check with my draft
j board, they’ve got all the records.'
d Asked if he were going to join the
d; Senator and Mr. Hughes Monday/in
ie a scheduled inspection of the giani
a flying boat, Mr. Meyer cracked:
is; “I wonder if I should take them
tto dinner.”
I
fruman Safety Board
Urges Law fo Breakup
uongesfion at Airports
Flight Collision Danger
Rising, Report Says;
Stating Plan Studied
President Truman’s Air Safety
Board yesterday called for leg
ation to break up congestion at
lir terminals to lessen the chance
of accidents.
The board recommended imme
diate action by the air transport in
dustry and the Civil Aeronautics
Administration to bring about better
co-ordination between contiguous
air traffic control centers.
“The danger of collision in the
air, in the main happily avoided to
date, becomes increasingly more ap
parent with increased congestion of
our airways, the board added.
Urges Fire Protection Ruling.
The board also urged authority for
the Civil Aeronautics Administra
tion to prohibit passenger planes
from using airports where adequate
Are fighting equipment is not pro
vided or where there is no program
for its provision.
The board*, named After a series
of crashes in May and June At La
Ouardie Field, New York: Port De
posit, Md.. and Leesburg, Va„ caused
145 fatalities, also suggested that
some study be given to the “ad
vantages and disadvantages” of seat,
ing plane passengers to ride back
ward. ,
"On the surface, it seems that
much can be said for such seats,
But focused, and comprehensive
study must precede any determina
tion of this issue,” the board said.
Refers ta Added Support.
The board did not elaborate on
this point, but obviously referred to
the added support afforded by a
body rest that would do more to
absorb the shock of a crash than is
possible under seats facing forward.
It also urged the provision of
shoulder harness for pilots and co
(See AIR SAFETY, Page A-9.)
Drive to Clear District
Of Armed Criminals
Opened by Police
Judge McMahon Backs
New Firearms Law, Says
He Favors Jail Sentences
By Miriam Ottenberg
A city-wide drive to clear the
streets of pistol-carrying crim
inals was ordered yesterday at!
a headquarters meeting of all!
police commanding officers.
Acting Police Supt. Walter H.
Thomas said he had ordered the
cleanup as he issued a new police
regulation implementing the tighter
firearms law.
In support of the action, Munici
pal Court Judge John P. McMahon,
veteran of nearly 29 years on the
bench here, said he favored jail
terms for persons convicted under
ttif MW law. Offenders am subject
to a $1,000 fine or one year in jail,
or both.
Approved by President Truman
August 4 after a'long campaign in
The Star, the new law Is aimed at
curbing crime by arresting pistol
oattferl before they cah commit
crimes. . ■
. Police Discretion Urged.
The regulation Issued yesterday
Instructed police that they could
arrest and search, without a war
rant, persons they had “probable
cause" to believe were carrying
deadly weapons.
Police were cautioned, however, to
be sure they had good reason to
make their arrests in these cases,
inspector Thomas said the word of
a reliable citizen that a person was
carrying a pistol illegally could be
considered "probable cause" for ar
rest. * ^
The drive is aimed especially at
habitual pistol carriers who, until
now, have roamed the streets with
virtual immunity from legal arrest.
Judge McMahon predicted the
new law “should discourage the all
too-prevaient, practice oi xmie ana
gun toting in the city.”
Officers Had Been Helpless.
‘‘There has been plenty of prob
able cause for such arrests in the
pait,” he said, “but police officers
have been helpless unless they actu
ally witnessed the misdemeanor or
had a warrant. I have heard that
police know of any number of peo
ple in this town,who have guns on
them practically all the time. But,
up to now, they have been powerless
(See FIREARMS, Page A-8.)
Radioactivity Takes Life
Of Ex-Atomic Worker
By the Associated Press
FORT WORTH, Tex., Aug. 16.—
-An autopsy surgeon's report said
here today that radioactivity ac
quired by Wilton Rhodes Earle, 39.
during his employment in the atomic
bomb plant at Oak Ridge, Tenn.,
caused his death here yesterday.
Mr. Earle, formerly employed as
an accountant here, became ill sis
months ago and had been unable tc
work since. A Geiger counter showed
that Mr. Earle’s body was emitting
gamma rays, the surgeon said in
listing the death as caused by fail
ure of the liver due to exposure tc
radioactivity.
Mr. Earle was employed at th<
atpmic plant from February 1, 1945
until September 1,1946.
Eisenhower to Send Inspector
To Check Conditions Under Lee
/ •
By Robert K. Walsh
■ Gen. Eisenhower, Army chief of
staff, said last night on his return
from a tour of Alaskan defense bases
that early this week he will send an
investigator, probably the inspector
general of the Army, to Italy “to get
all the facts” about the administra
tion of Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee,
Mediterranean theater commander
He disclosed that Gen. Lee, no*
in Rome, had asked the inspectoi
general to look into the conditior
of troops in that area in view ol
stories in some newspapers that offi
cers lived in “lavish” style while th«
morale of enlisted personnel was low
"That’s exactly what we would d<
anyway,” Gen. Eisenhower declared
“I expect that the inspector genera
himself. Maj. Gen. Ira T. Wyche
will leave here Monday. His inves
1 tigation probably will not requin
I
more than 10 day*. He would return
to Washington and report back to
me.”
The statements concerning condi
tions in the Mediterranean theater
have been made in a series of arti
cles by Robert C. Ruark, Scripps
Howard columnist.
Wheh he stepped from his DC-4
plane, "Sunflower II," at the Air
Transport Command terminal fol
lowing a seven-hour nonstop flight
from Denver, Gen. Eisenhower
talked with reporters about the
need for -additional construction at
military installations in Alaska and
about his own plans to assume the
presidency of Columbia University.
He said he will Join the university
"sometime next year,” adding, “the
time has always been somewhat in
definite.”
I He grinned when asked whether
i'” (See TROOPS, Page A-5.1
r
Heat Relief Due
*
Affer Showers;
Top fo Be 85
Wave Believed Broken
After Five Days
Of Readings in 90s
The Weather Bureau promised
relief today from the city’s five
day siege of above 90-degree
high temperatures, predicting
the thermometer would not rise
above 85.
Thundershowers which began last
night were expected to cool the air
and make sleeping more comfort
able. Occasional showers during the
day were predicted for the area.
The District forecaster expected
the weather would continue to be
somewhat cooler tomorrow and per
haps Tuesday. The fringe of a
wave of cool air from Hudson Bay
was given credit for the more com
fortable weather.
Thermometer Hits 93.
At its highest point yesterday,
about 4:30 p.m., the mercury reg
istered 93 degrees. On each of the
two preceding days, the year’s peak
of 96 degrees was reached.
The national heat wave was re
ported broken, but a new warmun
threatened in the southern Great
Plains.
Prom the Great Lakes region
eastward through New York and
New England, generally fair and
pleasant weather was expected to
day, with cool temperatures in tha
Eastern section and about season
able readings in the Lakes area.
Scattered thundershowers were
predicted for a aide band includ
ing Virginia, Maryland, Delaware,
Southern Pennsylvania, West Vir
ginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennes
see. Portions of the Dakotas, Min
nesota and Western Wisconsin also
were due for rain.
May Not Help Corn Crop.
Evening thundershowers were ex
pected in the Rocky Mountain
States and in the lower Mississippi
Valley. Parts of Iowa and Western
and Southern Illinois were to have
had scattered showers last night,
but they were not expected to be
heavy enough to be of much help to
parched Midwestern corn fields.
Grain experts said a good, soak
ing rain was urgently needed to halt
corn deterioration.
The hot weather was developing
again in the Great Plains from
South Dakota southward to Okla
homa and Northern Texas. One or
two points in Oklahoma were ex
pected to reach 100 today, with the
rest of the area getting maximum
readings in the middle 90’s.
___ _•.
7 Rearrested in Probe
Of Lynching Attempt
Bv the Associated Press
JACKSON, N. C., Aug. 18.—Sher
iff J. C. Stephenson of Northampton
County today rearrested seven white
| men on charges growing out of
an attempted lynching of a young
colored man here last May 23.
The sheriff served a bench war
rant issued by Superior Court Judge
J. Paul Frizzelle, charging each of
the seven with conspiring to break
and enter a jail and with breaking
•and entering a jail with intent to
kill and injure a prisoner.
The defendants, each of whom
was immediately released on $2,
500 bond, are: Robert Vann, Pickle
factory worker; Russell Bryant, fill
ing station operator. Linwood and
Gilbert Bryant, brothers, carpen
ters; Glenn Collier, Barber; Joe
Cunningham, assistant theater man
ager, and W. C. Cooper, lunch stand
operator, all of Rich Square.
I The same seven men originally
were arrested on the same two
charges plus a charge of kidnaping.
' They were released Aug. 5 when a
grand jury failed to indict them.
Te grand jury also failed to in
dict the colored man, Godwin “Bud
dy’ Bush, who had been charged
with attempted assault with intent
to rape a young white woman.
The defendants have been or
dered to appear before Judge Friz
■ zelle Sept. 2 when he will sit as a
1 committing magistrate in the case.
The new legal move was order by
• Gov.. R. Gregg Cherry who termed
! j the action of the grand jury a
• miscarriage of Justice.’
Agreement Reached to End
Baltimore Shipyard Tieup
ly th» Atioclottd Fr«l
NEW YORK, Aug. 16 —A contract
agreement covering 4.000 shipyard
workers on strike in Baltimore since
July 2 was reached tonight after
a prolonged negotiating session be
tween officials of the Maryland Dry
dock Co. and the CIO Industrial
Uniqn of Marine and Shipbuilding
Workers of America, a union spokes
man said.
The union said the agreement
which must be approved by a mem
bership vote, calls for a 12-cent-an
hour flat increase for all job classi
fications and improvements in work
ing conditions.
Some 13,000 workers, part of
72,000 IUMSWA members now idle
at East and Gulf port shipyards,
have been on strike at four Balti
more shipyards.
The union had been asking a 13
cent increase, listing the issues in
dispute as seniority, grievance pro
cedures, vacation benefits, recog
nition as bargaining agent for sup
ervisory workers, safety and health
benefits, equal division of available
work among employes and extra
compensation for what it termed
“dirty ’ work.
The spokesman said the agree
ment would be submitted to a
special meeting cf tile union mem
bership at Vi'.i " Medical Regi
ment An-.ary in Eaitimore tomor
row night.
t '

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