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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 18, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast! Guide for Readers
Cloudy today with highest temperature about , Page. Page.
82, lowest 73 tonight. Tomorrow partly Amusements ...A-ll Obituary_A-lfl
cloudy, somewhat warmer. (Full report, A-2.) Comics_B-14-U Radio .B-15 v
Temperatures Today. Editorial .A-8 Society, Clubs B-J
Midnight -77 8 a.m-75 Noon__*76 ' Editorial Articles-A-9 Sports _A-12-13
4 ajn-75 10 a.m.76 1 p.m.77 Finance .-A-15 Where to Go_B-14f
6 a.m-75 -11 am.76 2 p.m_77 Lost and Foimd- A-3 Woman’s Page-.-B-8
_Late New York Markets. Page A-15._ . An Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,725 Phone NA 5000. WASHINGTON, D. 'C., MONDAY, AUGUST 18, 1947—THIRTY-TWO PAGESh***_S CENTS
Searchers Hold
Slight Hope for
Afcheson's Life
Three Other Ranking
MacArthur Aides
Lost in Air Crash
•y »h« Associated Press
HONOLULU, Aug. 18.—Surface
ships and planes continued their
search early today for Ambassa
dor George Atcheson, jr., and
lour other victims of an Army
plane crash, but chances of their
surviving more than 24 hours in
a rough sea were so slender that
almost ho hope remained of find
ing them alive.
Three ranking officers from Gen.
MacArthur's strategic ar.d opera
tions staff also were among 10 pas
sengers and crewmen lost when the
B-17, inbound from Tokyo, crashed
into shark-infested waters after
running out of gasoline o£ly 65
miles west of Pearl Harbor.''
Three men of the 13 aboard were
rescued yesterday from the choppy
tea and five bodies were recovered.
Those rescued were Capt. T. L.
Rider of Ponca City, Okla., who suf
fered a broken arm; Col. Harvey
Huglin of Fairfield, Iowa, and a
Sergt. Holland of Colmesneil, Tex.,
probably Lee Chapman Holland, 20,
who suffered head injuries.
Kicked Sharks Away.
Col. Huglin, who related in a ra
dio Interview that he kicked sharks
away during his long night in the
water, reported Mr. Atcheson said
nothing as the big plane plunged
toward the sea and destruction—
“He only smiled very quietly.”
The five bodies hauled up from
the sea included those of Naval
Capt. Randolph B. Boyer of Au
dubon, Minn., or Portsmouth, Va.,
and Col. David Larr, Watertown,
N. Y. Identities of the others were
not announced.
(The Army newspaper Stars
and Stripes in Tokyo said Al
lied headquarters sources con
firmed that the other two vic
tims included Col. Carl A. Russell
of Richmond Heights, Mo., and
Capt. K. R. Still, who the paper
identified as the pilot. An unof
ficial source said Army Capt.
Cecil Sigmon—no address given
—was a member of the crew.,
Assistants to MacArthur.
Col. Russell was an assistant chief
of staff under Gen. MacArthur. He,
Col. Larr and Capt. Boyer, like the
rescued Col. Huglin, were members
of Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters
joint r • egic plan and operations
group.
(Capt. Boyer, who formerly
lived at 1720 North Edgewood
street, Arlington, left for Japan
in April. His wife, Mrs. Harriet
Boyer, and two children are be
lieved to be on the way to Japan,
friends here said. He was gradu
ated from the Naval Academy in
1927. For heroism against the
Japanese in 1942, he received the
Navy Cross.
(Col. Russell was attached to
the war plans division of the
War Department general staff
here from 1939 to 1944.
(Col. Larr, a graduate of West
Point in 1923, was stationed in
Washington during the war for a
time before going to the Pacific.
He received the Distinguished
Service Cross for heroism in New
Guinea.
(Col. Huglin is a brother of
Brig. Gen. Harold Huglin, now
stationed in Washington.)
Bypassed Fuel Stop.
The pilot bypassed little Johnston
Island, a fueling stop 800 miles west
of here, to make the run .from
Kwajalein direct to Hawaii. One
Tokyo source, explaining why the
pilot may have bypassed Johnston,
said the little 'island is extremely
difficult to find in poor weather.
"I have 25 minutes to the island
and have 20 minutes’ fuel,” the
pilot radioed a few minutes before
the crash-landing. The radio log
of the Navy's Hawaiian Sea
Frontier command showed the
tower advised him “your position is
100 miles from Oahu, 260 degrees
true (approximately west) from
Barber’s Point, Oahu.”
“Impossible to make Oahu,” the
pilot responded. And, at brief
(See ATCHESON, Page A-3.)
6 New Polio Cases Listed;
Wilmington to Close Pools
By tht Astociated Pr«»
WILMINGTON, Del., Aug. 18 —
Worried city officials prepared to
close all public swimming pools to
day as six new cases of Poliomyeli
tis brought Delaware's total this
•ummer to 35.
Meanwhile, police were given
orders to patrol all open sewers to
prevent children from wading in
waters that might carry infection.
Three of the latest victims were
taken to hospitals from the same
Wilmington house. They were 8
months-old Alden Fleetwood—the
first infant striken, his older brother,
Ralph, and 2-year-old Alden Hoff
man, who makes his home with the
Fleetwood family.
Dr. George F. Boines, president of
the Wilmington Board of Healtn,
called a meeting of the board to
close swimming pools. He said the
situation has reached “epidemic
proportions, surpassing the 1944
figure of 26 victims, worst in Dele
ware’s history.”
*: Delaware State health officials
continued their quarantine of near
by Camp Mattahoon, operated by
the Boys Club of America, where
80 boys have been isolated since
two were striken with polio.

Skorzeny Goes on Trial
DACHAU, Germany, Aug. 18 <JP).
—Otto Skorzeny, giant SS colonel
who rescued Benito Mussolini in
’ Adolf Hitler’s behalf, went on trial
today with nine members of his
Ardennes spearhead battalion. They
pleaded innocent to charges of kill
ing American soldiers taker as
prisoners of war.
A
CRASH SURVIVORS RESCUED—Two of the three survivors of
the Army plane which crashed on flight from Japan shown as
they were rescued by a whaleboat from the Coast Guard cutter
Hermes 65 miles west of Pearl Harbor. Col. Harvey Huglin of
Fairfield, Iowa, sits near the bow (profile to camera), while
Capt. T. L. Rider of Ponca City, Okla., waits to be taken from a
rubber life raft. —AP Wirephoto via radio from Honolulu.
Gen. Lee Says Articles
Criticizing Command
Gave Distorted View
Welcomes Inspection
Of Mediterranean Area
By Army and Press
By the Associated Pres*
ROME, Aug. 18.—Lt. Gen. John
C. H. Lee, in his first public com
ment on criticism of his com
mand published in the United
States, said today the articles
were unwarranted and distorted.
Gen. Lee is commander of the
Mediterranean theate/ of oper
ations, United States Army.
Robert C. Ruark, Scripps-Howard
columnist, in five articles printed
last week, said there was lavish
living by officers and their wives in
Gen. Lee's command, with enlisted
men forced to serve as “flunkeys”
to the officers and their families.
Gen. Eisenhower announced Satur
day that the Army’s inspector gen
eral would investigate.
Gen. Lee last week referred to
Washington all questions about the
articles, but today his public rela
tions staff issued a statement quot
ing him as saying:
“Unwarranted attacks reflecting
Ull tile ell ctittetei fcuiu nii/cgiicj ui
my officers, enlisted men and
women, and their families, through
articles which present a completely
distorted view of actual conditions,
demand refutation from the sources
other than members of this com
mand.”
Gen. Lee’s statement said he wel
comed inspection of his theater by
the Army and the press. A group
of correspondents left for Livorno,
at Gen. Lee’s invitation, to see con
diitons there.
Gen. V/yche Leaves Today
For Inquiry in Italy
Maj. Gen. Ira Tv Wyche, the
Army's inspector general, is leaving
by air today for Italy to undertake
an inquiry into the administration
of Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee.
Announcement of Gen. Wyche’s
departure was made by the Army
which revealed also that he is to
be accompanied by Col. Eugene L.
Miller and Lt. Col. Richard P. Tip
ton of his office.
Announcement that Gen. Wyche
has been assigned to make the in
quiry was made Saturday by Gen.
Eisenhower, Army chief of staff.
Gen. Eisenhower said he had no
first-hand information on the sit
uation, but said that Gen. I-ee him
self had requested that an inquiry
be made by the War Department.
Gen. Wyche’s investigation is ex
pected to consume about two weeks.
High Officers in Rome Deny
Excessive Luxury Charge
By Lionel Shapiro
North American Newspaper Alliance
ROME, Aug. 18 (By Wireless).—
High Army officers who today ex
amined the complete text of Cor
respondent Robert Ruark’s charges
ot' excessive officer luxury and abuse
of enlisted men in Lt. Gen. John C.
H. Lee's Italian occupation com
mand have provided this reporter
with a detailed defense of conditions
in th^s theater. And it is safe to
assume that this closely parallels
the official explanation which has
been forwarded to the War Depart
ment. i
1. On the charge that the dis
ciplinary training camp at Pisa is a
torture camp—the center operates
as a routine military prison. Sixty
per cent of the inmates eventually
(See LEE, Page A-6.)
Elizabeth to Forego Trousseau
Because of British Conditions
By th* Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 18. — Princess
Elizabeth will do without a trousseau
when she marries Lt. Philip Mount
batten November 20 in Westminster
Abbey, Buckingham Palace an
nounced today.
This austerity note to Britain’s
wedding of tne century was made
public along with the announcement
that the Princess had chosen one of
Normal Hartnell’s designs for her
wedding dress.
The trousseau will be omitted “in
accordance with her parents’ wishes
and owing to present-day condi
tions,’’ the palace statement said.
“Present-day conditions” means
that clothing is stringently rationed
and highly expensive. The idea
seemed to be that Elizabeth—al
though the cost need not worry her
and extra “rations” could be hers
for the asking—wanted nothing that
less fortunate brides couldn't have.
*
Besides, she has a fairly large
wardrobe left over from the royal
visit to South Africa earlier this
year. A special award of clothing
ration coupons was made to the royal
family before they left, in the in
terest of popularizing British
fashions in South Africa.
Details of the wedding gown will
be kept secret until just before the
wedding.
Elizabeth selected the Hartnell
design from several submitted to her
at Balmoral Castle in Scotland. Lt.
Mountbatten, who has been staying
there with the royal family, had a
hand in the choosing.
The London Evening News said
the Princess "has probably chosen a
traditional design made in fine slip
per satin,” adding that “this would
consist of a very full skirt, a tight
fitting bodice with long sleeves and
a heart-shaped or square neck.”
A
Indonesians Report
New Dutch Pressure
On Central'Java
Republicans Also Are
Declared Routed in Attack
On Madoera's Capital
By the Associated Press
BATAVIA, Java, Aug. 18.—The
Indonesian Republican Army
said Dutch forces put new pres
sure today on the northern and
western approaches to Central
Java, which the Indonesians
hold.
Dutch Army headquarters said
the Republicans broke into the
Madoera Island capital of Pame
kasan yesterday and were driven
off during sharp street fighting.
The island war officially was stopped
earlier this month (on paper at
least) by a cease-fire order urged
by the United Nations Security
Council.
The Republicans said the Dutch
attacked Poering, on the South
Java coast 62 miles west of Jogja
karta, the Indonesian capital. Hie
communique reportedv local Dutch
attacks against six north central
front villages between Salatiga and
Ambarawa, about 37 miles north
of Jogjakarta.
No Drive Toward Jogjakarta.
The bulletin indicated the Dutch
were exerting pressure in an ap
parent attempt to mop dp local
Indonesian armed strength across
the front but there was no sugges
tion of a Dutch attempt to drive
toward Jogjakarta.
The natives said six Dutch were
killed in a sharp encounter near
Malang in which the Dutch used
artillery.
The action coincided with the
second anniversary of the republic’s
proclamation of independence—an
event which the Dutch said was
marked by new flareups of flghtilfg
in both Java and Sumatra.
Madoera, situated off the eastern
tip of Java, is included in the area
claimed by the republic. Dutch
troops landed on the island and
occupied Pamekasan during the
hostilities which began July 20 and
which the United Nations Security
Council ordered halted approxi
mately two weeks ago.
Dutch Report 13 Killed.
The Dutch said they had suffered
a total of 13 men killed and 22
wounded in independence day
battles.
The Indonesian Republic yedfcer
day announced that it had accepted
a “last chance” offer of the United
States’ good offices in settling the
Dutch-Indonesian conflict, but em
phasized that this action did not
supersede any obligation to comply
with any United Nations Security
Council decision on Indonesia.
Deputy Foreign Minister Moham
(Caa TMTVlVPfiTi Dacra A —A \
Basement Fire Routs 20
From Baltimore Hotel
By the Associated Press
BALTIMORE, Aug. 18.—About 20
residents of the Claremont Hotel,
situated in the Union Stockyards
area, fleck their rooms early today
when fire broke out in the basement.
Dense smoke penetrated the three
story brick structure.
Before firemen controlled the
blaze, the smoke affected several
hundred cattle in nearby pens.
They were removed.
One hotel occupant, Edward K.
Brown, 25, was overcome and taken
to a hospital for treatment, as was
fireman Leroy Batenfield.
British Decide.
*
Not to Press
For New Loan
Crisis Talks Open
Here, With Easing of
Pact as Only Goal
ly »ht Associated Press
The issue of a new American
loan went into the discard by
agreement today as top-rank
financial experts from both sides
of the Atlantic assembled to
hunt a partial solution to Brit
ain’s dollar crisis.
The opening session was to be
held this afternoon.
Sir Wilfrid Eady, head of the
British delegation, said that so far
as his country is concerned a new
credit to supplement the almost
exhausted $3,750,000,000 advance of
1946 is “not on the agenda.” .
That made it mutual.
American officials have empha
sized that they will talk about modi
fying the present loan agreement to
relieve Britain’s economic distress,
but will go no further.
Accounting Sought.
And they said Secretary of the
Treasury Snyder, chief American
negotiator, would enter the Treas
ury’s conference room ready to make
these demands:
1. That the British account for
the spending which has drained all
but $850,000,000 of the year-old
drawing account, with its exhaus
tion foreseen this fall.
2. That England outline specific
plans for balancing its budget,
speeding production and achieving
a balance of trade that will con
tribute to world-wide economic
stability.
Ultimately, the questions may
probe into the soundness and secur
ity of the British program for# na
tionalizing basic industries. Mr.
Snyder is known to be primed with
questions on why England’s na
tionalized coal pits are below pre
war production standards and why
coal exports are only one-eighth of
prewar.
Dollars Go Fast.
Sir Wilfrid, who is Undersecretary
of the British Treasury, evidently
was ready with some of the answers.
At Laguardia Field, New York, last
night the special assistant to Chan
cellor of the Exchequer High Dalton
told reporters: .
‘‘We have been running through
the dollars faster than we expected
when we negotiated the loan and
we have come to discuss how it
happened.”
He added that his country plan
ned to ‘‘stop expenditures and get
more of our exports going so as to
earn more foreign exchange.”
‘‘We are going to work our way
through,” he asserted. “I think we
will get this thing steadied down in
a matter of months and then you
will see that we have been a good
investment."
Basically, Sir Wilfrid added,
a production crisis and a very slow
recovery in the eastern hemisphere
generally.”
U. S. Sees Minor Changes.
He said he brought no specific
proposals, but Americans expected
the British group to start by sound
ing out American sentiment on the
postponement, or modification, of
certain loan clauses which bind
Britain to a return to a freedom-of
trade policy throughout the world.
The American delegation was re
ported to believe that some minor
changes are possible, but not any
basic alteration. This would re
quire approval by Congress.
It appeared obvious, therefore,
that the talks could go only a small
way toward easing Britain’s finan
cial crisis. But they are expected to
provide a basic understanding of
Britain’s needs and therefore tie in
with the current Anglo-American
conference on improving coal pro
duction in Germany’s Ruhr Valley
and with future discussions of the
Marshall plan for continent-wide
aid to Europe.
Mr. Snyder is understood to be
lieve that any future loan for Britain
should be tied directly with the
Marshall plan and should, under
no circumstances, be negotiated out
side the general framework of Euro
pean reconstruction.
Prom advance hints, it apperad
that Sir Wilfrid would seek these
immediate concessions under the
present loan:
First, permission to increase Bri
tain's imports from her dominions,
at the expense of purchases from the
United States. The loan’s “non
discrimination” clause requires that
England buy from this country un
less she can get better price or
quality elsewhere.
Such a relaxation would mean
(See ECONOMIC, Page A-6.)
Michigan Girl Abducted
By Holdup Man Returns
By the Associated Pros*
NILES, Mich., Aug. 18.—A waitress
returned to her home today a few
hours after State police reported she
was kidnaped by a tall, soft-spoken
colored man.
The State police post there an
nounced only that she had returned
and did not indicate whether or not
she had been harmed.
Trooper Don McCray identified
the kidnaped girl as Jean Myers, 22,
of Holland, Mich.
The officer said she was with
Sherman Frizzell, 22, of Niles, in a
car parked a short distance south of
tha city limits on US-31 about 3
am. today when the holdup man
acc06ted them.
Jdr. McCray quoted Mr. Frizzell as
saying the man drove up in another
car and approached the parked
vehicle with what Mr. Frizzell took
to be a gun in his hand.
After taking $16 from Mr. Frizzell,
the man tied him up and left him on
tha ground beside his ear. He forced
the girl into his own auto and drove
away, the officer asserted.
The Trouble Is He Can't See the End of Either Road!
Fingerprinting Begins
In Loyalty Check on
Federal Employes
FBI to Conduct Probe
If Preliminary Phase
Turns Up Evidence
By Joseph Young
The Federal employes’ loyalty
investigation program got under
way today as Government de
partments and agencies here and
throughout the country began
the job of fingerprinting and
checking 1,900,000 Government
workers.
It will be on any derogatory evi
dence turned up by this prelimin
ary phase of the program that the
FBI will conduct full-fledged in
vestigations of all employes about
whose loyalty there is some doubt.
The program started rather
slowly today, with many depart
ments and agencies devoting their
time to putting the finishing touches
on their fingerprinting and name
card checking facilities. The entire
preliminary phase of th£ loyalty In
vestigations is expected to be com
pleted within six months.
Employes to Sign Forms.
The Civil Service Commission,
which will conduct the loyalty pro
gram together with the Federal
Bureau of Investigation started
fingerprinting its employes this
morning.
The first employe fingerprinted
was Mrs. Evelyn Byne, 26, of 6142
South Eleventh, street, Arlington.
nuuu uic uooxico ui ajjuci o
bulbs, Mrs, Byne, who Is employed
In the Commissioner’s information
division was fingerprinted in the
Commission Building, Seventh and
F streets N.W.
The fingerprinting form, No. 86,
also contains sections calling for the
physical description of the employe
—height, weight, color of eyes and
hair, and the employe’s signature.
On the back of the form are ques
tions regarding any past arrests.
Another form, No. 84 carries space
for information regarding an em
ployes’ past associations and affilia
tions in all organizations other
than religious or political ones, his
places of residence for the past 10
years, the names and addresses of
his employers for the past 10 years,
any aliases or nicknames, and mari
tal status.
FBI to Get Forms.
Space is left in the form for the
agency in which the worker is em
ployed to fill in any detailed infor
mation known about him.
Both forms 84 and 86 will be
forwarded tfo the FBI, which will
then check the finger prints and
information with its own files. Any
derogatory evidence turned up will
result in a full-scale investigation
of the employe involved.
Another form, No. 85, will be
used in the investigation of appli
cants for Federal jobs.
The FBI’s findings in cases ln
(See LOYALTY, Page A-4.)
Bilbo Much Better;
Cigar Curb Irks Him
By the Auociated Press
NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 18.—Hos
pital authorities said this morning
that Senator Bilbo’s condition was
"decidedly improved” and that after
a restful night he is able to sit up
in bed today.
Doctors said the Mississippi Dem
ocrat now is strong enough to take
a plaintive view of the fact that his
cigar smoking is restricted to certain
hours.
A patient at the hospital since
August 7, the 69-year-old unseated
Senator was reported to have de
veloped pulmonary embolism, or a
blood clot on the lungs. His physi
cians said, however, the diagnosis
was not final and that tests were
continuing.
The Senator has undergone three
operations here during the past year
for cancer of the mouth and throat.
Doctors reported Friday he had an
unexplained fever, probably the re
sult of a virus infection. The physi
cians said he was suffering from
“peripheral neuritis, with acute in
fection and partial paralysis.”
Senator Bilbo’s vistors yesterday
included his son, Col. Theodore Bilbo,
jr., an instructor in the Command
and General .Staff School at Fort
Leavenworth, Kans.
r
British Officiqls Silent
On Duchess' Reception
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 18.—Buckingham
Palace and No. 10 Downing Street
refused comment today on the New
York Mirror’s report that Queen
Mary received the Duchess of Wind
sor during the Windsors’ last visit
to England.
Louis Wulff, court correspondent
for the British Press Association,
stated: “Her majesty did not meet
the duchess.”
Clouds Relieve Heat,
But Rise Is Due Soon;
Humidity Still High
90-Degree Temperatures
To Return Wednesday;
Rain Hits Pennsylvania
A cloudy day was in prospect
for the District today, with the
high temperature in the low 80s,
offset by “a nice little breeze,”
the Weather Bureau reported.
The relief promised yesterday,
after the year’s record high temper
atures last week, materialized so far
as the thermometer was concerned,
with a high of 87 degrees at 3:50
p.m„ but the extremely high humid
ity made the weather anythihg but
pleasant.
The bureau recorded a high hu
midity of 92 per cent at 1 am. yes
terday, and at 9 am. it was still 89
per cent. It will continue humid
today, slightly less so than yes
terday.
The cold front which moved down
from Hudson Bay, gWfcn credit for
more reasonable temperatures in
this section, provided more relief for
Boston and New York than it did
here.
More Heat Coining.
By Wednesday, the forecaster pre
dicted, the thermometer will climb
to over 90 degrees again in Wash
ington, but it was not expected to
equal last week’s highs.
Midwesterners broiled from the
heat after the third consecutive
week end, little relief was in sight
for them before Wednesday at the
earliest, when a new cool air mass
was expected in that area.
There was little moisture over
the week end for Midwestern com,
' (See WEATHER, Page A-6.)
Ross Denies information
On Taylor Visit to Sfalin
By th* Associated Press
White House aides professed to
have no information when asked
today whether Myron C. Taylor
will see Soviet Prime Minister
Stalin on a current trip to Europe
as special envoy of President Tru
man.
Mr. Taylor, who has been the
President’s personal representative
to Pope . Pius, took off by plane
last week for Rome. It was an
nounced he will consult with the
Pope and other leaders in Europe
about world peace problems.
Presidential Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross was told at a news
conference today that there is a
report in London that the othei
leaders may include Mr. Stalin.
Mr. Ross replied, "I have no in
formation on that point.”
Nor would he say what “other
leaders” Mr. Taylor might consult.
Anti-Trust Suit Filed
To End 'Monopoly' in
Technicolor Movies
Clark Charges Eastman,
Two Other Firms With
Restricting Development
By the Associated Press
Attorney General Clark, as
serting a monopoly exists in pro
duction of color motion pictures,
announced today filing of an
antitrust suit to end “illegal
arrangements and agreements.”
Mr. Clark said a civil action is
being filed In Federal Court at Los
Angeles naming as defendants Tech
nicolor Inc., Technicolor Motion
Picture Corp., and Eastman Kodak
Co.
Assistant Attorney General John
P. Sonnett, in charge of the Justice
Department’s Anti-Trust Division,
omu AM *» BVHWUiViiV VA AS* V A VVAAAAA
color Inc., had "entered into a series
of agreements with Eastman where
by patents, new developments and
technicolor information relating to
color photography would be reser
ved for Technicolor's exclusive-use
in the professional field.’’
“In our view,” Mr. Sonnett added,
“Technicolor was thereby enabled
to control and monopolize this busi
ness and was protected against
potential competition from others.
“Our suit asks that all the illegal
arrangements and agreements be
cancelled and that the crfurt order
such relief with respect te patents
and ‘know-how’ as will dissipate the
effects of the unlawful practices
charged and permit the establish
ment of free competition in the
industry."
Mr. Sonnett said "Technicolor
does over 90 per cent of all the
business in professional color cine
matography” and since 1934 "has
produced the positive film prints for
all of the ‘class A’ feature-length
motion pictures and most of the
short and animated cartoons pro
duced in color by the motion picture
industry of the United States.”
Mr. Clark said in a supplemental
statement:
“This case is a part of the De
partment of Justice’s program
aim at breaking up monopoly
power in industry.
“Motion piotures in color today
represent from 15 to 20 per cent of
all feature-length pictures exhibited
in theaters in the United States.
The capacity of facilities for com
mercial color processing and other
operations in the business of pro
fessional color cinematography has
been inadequate to meet the demand
for filming of motion picture pro
ductions in color.
"The effect of the practices
charged in the complaint has been to
restrict the development of the apt
of professional color cinematography
by others than the defendants, and
to deprive the public of the benefits
of competition in this business.”
Socialists Urge France
To Control Commodities
By the Associated Press
LYONS, France, Aug. 18—The Na
tional Congress of the French So
cialist Party adopted today a
resolution urging the government
to establish state control of the
production and distribution of es
sential commodities.
Lone Baby in 4th-Flo>cr Window
Strains GAO Workers' Nerves
The sight of a year-old baby, free
and unguarded, clambering out on a
fourth-story window sill, stopped
General Accounting Office employes
in their work today in the old Moses
Building at the southwest comer of
Eleventh and F streets N.W.
The baby had head and shoulders
over the window sill when it was
first noticed at 10:30 am., accord
ing to Mrs. Vera Spurck, 3413 Car
penter street S.E., an auditor, whose
desk is near a window in the OAO
offices.
The infant, she said, was in a
fourth-floor apartment over stores
in a building across Eleventh street,
just behind the Mode, P street men’s
clothing store.
Then the baby started to climb
and got one leg up on the sill. No
parent appeared. Eleventh street
windows of the eight floors occupied
by the OAO became filled with tense
spectators.
Peter Donahue, a OAO auditor,
ran downstairs and out into the
street. For a moment, he said, he
stood under the baby wondering if
he would succeed in catching the
infant if it fell. Then, he said, the
baby’s head withdrew from over
the edge of the sill and he tried
to find an entrance to the apart
ments above.
He was trying to kick one door in,
he said, when a passerby showed
him the right one.
He Tan up to the fourth floor, he
said. An older woman opened the
door and answered “yes” when he
asked if rthere was a baby in the
apartment. She got the baby, Mr.
Donahue said, and then the baby’s
mother and father appeared. They
had been sleeping, they told him.
K
U. S. Asks Study
Of Military Plans
At Rio Parley
Hemisphere Agency
To Back Up Pact
On Defenses Urged
By the A:sociuted Press
QUITANDINHA, Brazil, Aug.
18.—The United States formally
proposed today that the Inter
American Conference discuss
immediately the creation of a
military agency to back up the
hemisphere’s mutual defense
treaty.
Senator Connally, Democrat, of
Texas, a member of the United
States delegation, submitted a
United States outline for conference
procedure.
It would empower the committee
on voting procedure to discuss now
■‘the creation of a hemisphere mili
tary agency and the supply of
forces.” It was previously believed
that all discussion on military
mechanism for the treaty would be
held over for the inter-American
Conference at Bogota next January.
The United States Congress is
expected to act early next year on
me arms standardization act, wmcn
would supply uniform weapons of
war to the Latin American republics
for common defense.
Treaty Principles Studied.
The conference’s first working
committee began today the study of
principles of the hemisphere treaty.
The committee, which elected the
Uruguayan foreign minister, Mateo
Marques Castro, .chairman, met
soon after the Panamanian foreign
minister, Ricardo Joaquin Alfaro,
charged that “every Communist
Party in Latin America is a Russian
fifth column.” Mr. Alfaro declared
growing conference sentiment "fa
vors joint measures to protect the
hemisphere against subversive in
fluences.”
Mariano Fiallos Gil presented
credentials as a representative of
the deposed Arguello government of
Nicaragua, which was overthrown
recently after 25 days in office. His
action posed the thorny question of
seating a Nicaraguan'delegation.
The 20 nations conferring at tha
Quitandinha Hotel near Petropolia,
45 miles north of Rio de Janeiro,
were seeking means of Joint action
against aggression under a hemi
sphere defense treaty. The full con
ference was to meet this afternoon.
None From U. S. Chosen.
An informant said nobody from
the United States was on any of the
slates chosen by delegates in a closed
meeting last night preliminary to
today’s election of presidents, vice
presidents and rapporteurs for com
mittees on principles, aggression and
treaty execution.
The United States delegation had
announced its intention not to seek
chairmanships. Smaller committees
already have organized. Member
ships of the big committees were
made public yseterday. Secretary of
State Marshall was not on any of
them.
Mr. AlfarO gave his views on
communism in an Interview.
“Russia today is a world enigma,”
Mr. Alfaro said. “Its policy is one
of expansion. Its creation of Euro
pean satellites is proof of this
policy.”
His statement that Latin Amer
loon /'Ammimief nartlsi urarn
columns was in reply to a question
whether he thought Russia sought
satellites in the Western Hemi
sphere.
Receive Aid Fronn Abroad.
“This excludes the United States,
where the Communist Party is
composed principally of North
Americans sharing the Ideology of
Lenin and his disciples,” he said.
"However, throughout Latin
America communist parties re
ceive financial and other aid from
abroad.”
Mr. Alfaro said Panama and
"many other delegations” would
support the inclusion in the treaty
of a definition of "subversive in
fluences.”
A Brazilian proposal for the treaty
would invoice joint defense measures
against any “extracontinental
(See CONFERENCE, Page A-4.)
Late News
Bulletin
Eight Missing in Bay
DUNDALK, Md. UP).—Eight
persons aboard a 49-foot cabin
cruiser missing in Chesapeake
Bay while on a fishing trip
were being sought by the Coast
Guard today after Mrs. Samuel
Cope of Dundalk reported her
husband and seven friends
aboard the ship have not been
heard from s:nce they left
Dundalk at 3 p.m. yesterday.
What Soviet Radio
Is Saying of Us:
The official Russian radio yester
day broadcast to the world this
choice bit of propaganda on the
United States’ activity in Greece:
“The American Government
had'considerable difficulty in put
ting through Congress the allo
cations for the realization for the
Greco-Turkish program mapped
out by the State Department.
The American taxpayer was told
time and again that the credits
were intended to restore demo
cratic principles in Greece.
(Editor’s note: Senate vote 67 to
23. House, 237 to 108.)
“But even Americans who are
j far removed from the sphere of
1 politics will not fail to note that
the schemes of sending SS men
and other Fascists to Greece,
under the guise of volunteers and
dressed in American uniforms,
has Just about as much in com
mon with the restoration of de
mocracies as did the intervention
which Hitler and Mussolini un
dertook in Spain on behalf of
Gen. Franco."

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