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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 19, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast Guide for Readers
Mostly sunny, warm and humid this after- Page. Page.
noon. Fair with lowest about 73 tonight. After Dark.B-H Lost and Found, A-3
Wednesday partly cloudy, up to 90. (Full re- » Amusements ...B-20 Obituary ...A-IO
port on page A-2.) ~ Comics.B-18-19 Radio.B-19
Midnight .74 8 a.m. —74 Noon.83 Editorial .A-8 Society Clubs....B-3
4 a.m. ...72 10 a.m. ...77 1p.m. ..83 Editorial Articles, A-9 Sports..A-12-13
6a.m. ...73 11a.m. —79 2p.m. ...87 Finance ..A-15 Woman’s Page..B-13
_Lote New York Markets- Page A-15._ ___ An Associated Press Newspopw_ .
95th YEAR. No. 57,726 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, P. 0„ TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1917-THIBTT-SIX PAGES. ***_^.17S;r7Si.1?S»'SS^'S 5 CENTS
Cadiz Blast Dead
Put at 400, Loss
At $10,000,000
120 Children and Nuns
Believed Killed in
Orphanage Collapse
By th» Associated Press
CADIZ, Spain, Aug. 19.—More
than 400 persons were estimated
by newspapermen here today to
have been killed when a Spanish
naval torpedo plant exploded
last night, wrecking a residential
section, an orphange, a hospital
and a factory.
Earlier estimates had placed the
Injured at several thousand and the
property damage at $10,000,000.
Official censorship was placed in
effect near the scene of the explo
sion on the narrow Cadiz Peninsula,
about 2 miles from the center of
the ancient city of 80,000.
Troops patrolled the area and
barred reporters from the disaster
zone. The film of three Spanish
photographers who had entered the
area was confiscated.
An ocean mine factory and a
warehouse went up with the torpedo
plant. The ruin was so complete
that no clue to the cause of the
explosion was left.
120 Feared Dead in Orphanage.
The collapsed orphanage was
known as La Casa Cuna. Most of
the 120 children and nuns were
believed dead, buried in the debris.
An unknown number of patients
were believed to have died similarly
uic xvxavuc uc j_/iua nospittti,
.caved in*by the explosion.
About 100 workers were believed
entombed under wreckage of a small
factory near the arsenal.
Thousands of Cadiz residents
crowded near the stricken area seek
ing word of friends or relatives. j
Telephone calls over restored lines
still were limited mostly to officials.
(The United States Embassy in :
Madrid had received no word of
any American resident being
killed or injured. Paul Culbert
son, American Charge d’Affaires,
sent the Vice Consul from Sevilla
to the scene.)
Resulting fires destroyed the
Echevarrieta and Larrinaga ship
yards.
Buildings were damaged and win- ;
dows shattered throughout this
ancient port city of 80,000. which :
was left without water, electricity \
and railroad or highway communi
cations.
Cadiz Buildings Cracked. i
The force of the explosion cracked ]
buildings in the heart of Cadiz. ]
•treet cars were derailed. The huge
doors of the Cadiz Cathedral were t
tom from their hinges. \
The explosion came at 10 o’clock i
last night. i
Tiie heaviest casualties and dam- t
age were believed to be in the t
summer colony and residential dis- i
trict of San Severiano, which is
near the submarine naval base in c
the neck of the narrow peninsula, i
Spanish authorities announced c
no estimate of the casualties. Re
porters said most of the injured c
they saw had been cut by flying £
glass or were bruised by falling £
debris. £
The Jerez de la Frqntera radio 1
emu on, io nines iu me norm, Druao
cast appeals throughout the night .
for doctors, nurses and medicines. 1
Ambulances and rescue teams were !
arriving from as far east as Malaga, 1
west from Huelva and north from 11
Sevilla. <
Prominent Persons Feared Hurt.
The population of the San Sev- 1
eriano district, which received the J!
full force of the explosion, wasj
about equally divided between sum- I
mer vacation transients and work- i
ers. i
Many prominent persons who live '
in chalets along the peninsula coast '
were expected to be among the in- (
jured.
Eduardo Callejo de la Cuesta, ]
president of the council of state, ,
was reported injured slightly.
Some of the costliest damage was j
expected at the Echevarrieta ship (
yards. The new naval training
ship, Juan de Austria, which was
about ready for launching, was de- !
stroyed by fire. Many smaller boats J
also burned. t
Evacuation of Portion 1
Of City Is Considered !
SEVILLA, Spain, Aug. 19 OP).—
Evacuation of part of the ancient
port of Cadiz was reported under
consideration today as a result of
(See CADIZ. Page A-6.)
Wedemeyer Visits
Chiang for 5 Hours
fty the Associated Press
NANKING, Aug. 19.—Lt. Gen.
Albert C. Wedemeyer, in a five-hour 1
conference today with Generalissimo ]
Chiang Kai-shek, gave the Chinese \
leader what official sources de- ]
scnoea as a very irails, repori oil j (
conditions in Formosa, Canton and
Shanghai.
The American presidential en-!1
voy conferred at Gen. Chiang's res- 1
idence, with time out only for
lunch, and the unexpected length
of the sessions recalled Gen. Wede
meyer’s previous critical reports of
conditions as he had found them
in f/orth China and Manchuria.
Gen. Wedemeyer is in China to
diagnose ailments of that troubled
country. After his fact-finding trips
to the North he expressed criticism!
of inefficiency and corruption among
Chinese military and civil officials, i
On China's fighting fronts, mean
while, government troops based in
Honan province were reported
strilting sharply against the Com
munist raiding forces of Gen. Po- ’
cheng, which had cut the Tsingtao- '
Tsinan rail line. '
A dispatch to the independent
newspaper Hsin Min Pao from its ■
Suchow correspondent said national- 1
1st forces in Northern Shantung 1
province, moving from Tsinap, had 1
joined a second column moving
westward at Chowtsuh, about SO I
miles east of Tsinan. 1;
-y I
^ t
Denham Tells All Union Heads
To Take Anti-Communist Oath
NLRB Counsel's Decision Threatens
To Stir Congressional Controversy
By the Auociatcd Press
Robert N. Denham, general
counsel of the National Labor
Relations Board, ruled today
that all officers of labor unions
must swear they are not Com
munists before their unions or
affiliates may use the board’s
services.
His ruling was an interpretation
of the anti-Communist provisions
of the new Taft-Hartley labor law,
which go into effect Friday, and
appeared certain to stir contro
versy in labor and perhaps in con
gressional circles.
At the Capitol, aides who helped
Congress members draft the new
law said the interpretation was
broader than these members have
indicated is their own interpreta
tion.
Mr. Denham made his ruling
when issuing forms which labor
leaders are to use when disclaiming
any Communist affiliation.
He ruled that no local union of
the AFL or CIO can petition for a
collective bargaining election or
bring an unfair labor practice
charge against an employer until
all “officers,” as such, of the unions
file the affidavits.
This appeared clearly to cover the
CIO’s top II officers and the AH>'s
top 14.
At first, it was interpreted by re
porters to mean also that the serv
ices of the NLRB would be barred
to CIO unions, for instance, unless
every member of the 51-man CIO
Executive Board swears that he
isn't a Communist.
Later, an NLRB spokesman said
"No interpretation of the law as af
fects the CIO’s Executive Board
will be made until the question is
brought before the Board.”
Tom Shroyer, chief counsel for
the special Senate-House committee
set up to study the new labor law,
told a reporter he had talked with
two members of the group before
they left Washington. They indi
cated, he said, that they would not
be in greement with any such
ruling as the one by Mr. Denham.
Mr. Shroyer said he had dis
cussed “this point briefly with them,
and both indicated their belief that
the law requires affidavits by officers
of the various international unions
within the AFL and CIO—but not
(See LABOR, Page A-6.)
Hitler $ Physician
Convicted of Camp
Medical Atrocities
Brandt Accused of Killing
Hundreds of Thousands
As 'Guinea Pigs'
By the Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Aug. 19.—An
American war crimes tribunal
;oday convicted Dr. Karl Brandt,
\dolf Hitler’s personal physician,
}f “full responsibility’’ in the
performance of Nazi medical
experiments on concentration
:amp victims.
The four-man court, headed by
Judge Walter Beals of the Washing
;on State Supreme Court, found the
13-year-old S. S. (elite guard) gen
eral guilty of crimes against hu
nanity as charged by the prosecu
;ion, which had accused him of
tilling hundreds of thousands of
luman guinea pigs in “worthless”
experiments.
Brandt was one of the 23 co-de
cixuamo wuu uiauc ujj kuc w. u.
nedical corps. His fate and that of
lis fellow defendants was contained
n a 300-page judgment.
Brandt’s was the first conviction
o b-8 announced. At the rate at
/hich the court was proceeding
vith the reading of the judgment
t appeared likely that the detailed
ccount of its findings would not
e completed until tomorrow after
ion.
Sentences will be passed Thurs
lay. Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor,
imerican prosecutor, had asked
ieath for the defendants.
The court found that Brandt was
lirectly responsible for high altitude
nd freezing experiments, as well
s malaria, mustard gas, seawater
nd sterilization tests from which;
nany victims died.
Brandt stared coldly at his four
udges as he heard himself and his
ellow defendants denounced in
cathing terms in the judgment. The
■oom where the proceedings were
leld was the one where Hermann
joering, Joachim von Ribbentrop
ind other top Nazis were condemned
o death by the International Mili
ary Tribunal.
Also convicted with Brandt were
Siegfried Handloser, medical in
:pector of the German Army, and
Dskar Schroeder, chief of the Luft
vaffe’s medical service, both of
vhom were charged with war crimes
md crimes against humanity,,
The judgment found they were
inked with knowledge of the ex
>eriments and declared they could
lave prevented cruelties and deaths
f they had acted in their official
apacity.
Paul Rostock, tall, fat chief sur-'
eon of the Berlin clinic and head
f army research, was acquitted.
The evidence, the court found, failed
o show that he overstepped the ,
lounds of medical ethics or knew
onclusively what was being done
n concentration camp clinics.
Reds Demand Action
By U. N. to Arbitrate
Conflict in Indonesia
Gromyko Sharply Attacks
U. S. for Attempt to
'By-Pass' Council
By the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 19.—
Russia demanded today that the
Security Council set up a com
mission to investigate and arbi
trate the Dutch-Indonesian con
flict and sharply attacked the
United States for a “dangerous”
attempt to “by-pass the United
Nations.”
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Andrei A. Gromyko stated the Rus
sian position for the first time in an
emergency Council meeting sum
moned at his specific request.
He charged that the United States
was attempting to “force its good
offices on Indonesia” and was
“showing disregard of the Indo
nesian people and lack of respect
for the Security Council.”
"■mis persistent offering of good
umuca uy me ujuicu omwro uctumw
even more difficult to understand
after the Indonesian government
had asked the Council to create its
own commission for arbitration and
investigation,” Mr. Gromyko de
clared.
U. g. Move Held Dangerous.
He said the American attempts
could be viewed only “as an attempt
bo by-pass the United Nations” and
that this was both “undesirable
and dangerous.”
Previously Mr. Gromyko had said
the United States was putting “dip
(See INDONESIA, Page A-5.)
Tropical Storm Develops
150 Miles From Key West
Byth»A»»e.‘ ed Pr«u
MIAMI. Fla., Aug. 19.—The
Weather Bureau reported a tropical
storm was developing today in the
Gulf of Mexico about 150 miles west
southwest of Key West and was
moving slowly westward about 8
miles an hour and increasing in in
tensity.
The Weather Bureau said strong
est winds at 10:30 a.m. were be
tween 40 and 50 miles per hour .
arithin 50 miles of the center and
strong squalls extend more than 200
miles to the east and north.
Caution was advised in the south
•astward Gulf of Mexico area and
small craft were warned to remain
n port south of Miami around to
Sarasota. '
A heavy squall, with sustained
ivinds of 38 miles an hour and an
estimated 50 miles an hour in gusts,
lassed over Miami early today ■
eaving in its wake knocked down i
signs in the business area, boats
nm loose from moorings at the city :
,>acht basin, and trees uprooted at a
lumber of points. I
Lord Inverchapel Remarries
Former Wife in Scotland
Couple Plans to Fly
Here Saturday;
Ceremony Is Brief
Lord Inverchapel, British Am
>assador to the United States,
emarried in his native Scotland
oday the Chilean beauty whom
le divorced in 1945 on charges
if desertion. The couple plans
o fly to Washington Saturday
light, the Associated Press re
>orted.
The brief ceremony in Hunter’s
Square Registry Office at Edinburgh
vas in sharp contrast to the first
vedding in Santiago in April, 1929
it which the President of Chile
ierved as best man and about 1,000
;uests toasted the “prettiest girl in
Santiago" and her bridegroom, then
3ritish Minister to Chile.
The bride, the former Maria
rerese Diaz Salas, member of a
vealthy Chilean family, was in her
teens at the time of her first mar
iage, 29 years younger than her
lusband, who now is 65. The couple
eparated, it was said here, while
-ord Inverchapel was British Am
lassador to China. They have no
ihildren. ..
Lord Inverchapel, who was Sir
Archibald Clark Kerr, served more
han four years as Ambassador at
d os cow before being assigned to
Vashington.
Lord Inverchapel was raised to
he peerage on New Year’s day in
946, and took the title of Baron
»
LADY INVERCHAPEL.
—AP Wirephoto.
of Inverchapel of Loch Eck. Inver
chapel is the name of his family
at the foot of Loch Eck, Scotland.
He was assigned * to Washington
(See INVERCHAPEL, Page A-5.)
Marshall Sees
Peron Aide on
Defense Pact
U. S. Secretary Wifi
Make Major Policy
Address Tomorrow
By the Associated Press
QUITANDINHA, Brazil, Aug.
19.—Secretary of State Marshall
and Juan A. Bramuglia, Argen
tina’s Foreign Minister, dis
cuss all main points of the
[nter-American Defense treaty
at a half-hour private confer
ence today.
The two conferred at Mr. Bramug
lia ’s apartment.
‘‘We discussed all main points of
the treaty and exchanged views,”
Gen. Marshall said they emerged.
Mr. Bramuglia told newsmen,
‘The general was given a state
ment.”
Gen. Marshall is to deliver a ma
jor policy address at the confer
ence tomorrow and is expected to
spell out United States’ views on
questions facing the delegates in
drafting a hemisphere defense
treaty.
Norman Armour, Assistant Sec
retary of State, and Ambassador
William Dawson accompanied Gen.
Marshall to the conference with
.***• JJ1 CllXiUgiiCl.
Meets Chilean Minister.
Later, the Secretary talked pri
vately for 40 minutes with Chilean
Foreign Minister German Vergara
about the projected treaty and
ibout Chile’s economic problems.
Mr. Vergara told a reporter his
country and the United States were
‘in complete accord” about treaty
points. He expressed the belief
that Argentina would adhere to the
United States and Chilean views.
Cuba, however, was on record as
warning she would refuse, to sign
i hemisphere defense treaty unless
it covered what the Cubans termed
economic aggression.”
Guillermo Belt, Cuban Ambassa
ior to the United States, told re
porters he would “demand as a mat
ter of principle that fundamental
puman rights and dignities be pre
served in this treaty," asserting that
3uba would “never sign any inter
mtional agreement not containing
such rights and dignities.”
Mrs. Peron to Arrive.
The biggest question involved
thus far is Cuba's demand for a
ja»uoc w wot vwuuuiiv
is well as military attacks.
Gen. Marshall’s speech is ached
lied to follow the arrival of Mrs.
Eva Duarte Peron, wife of Argen
tina’s President, at the plush Qui
tandinha Hotel where the confer
ence is being held. The Argentine
ielegation will tender her a gala
reception. It was not known yet
whether she would be escorted into
he chamber where conference
plenary sessions are being held.
A member of the United States
ielegation said Gen. Marshall had
lot yet received invitations to any
>f the functions scheduled to honor
Mrs. Peron.
Aggression Group Meets.
The only conference business
scheduled for today was a meeting
his morning of the Committee on
Aggression.
Gen. Marshall’s speech tomorrow
is expected to give the official United
States reaction to the formal de
nand submitted by Cuba yesterday
for a treaty clause against "economic
iggression.” '
Dr. Belt declared that "simple
lotiflcation which one state makes
igainst another that it will apply
sanctions, or means of economic,
financial or commercial coercion if
he other nation does not accede to
ts demands, should be considered
i menace.”
wuwft, uuuubu xji. ocii, ./iw uccu
Ejecting strenuously to a provision
n the recently adopted United
3tates Sugar Act, one clause of
vhich gives the Secretary of Agri
:ulture authority to withdraw or
vithhold an increase in sugar quotas
f foreign countries fail to give
United States citizens fair and equal
reatment.
The United States previously has
nade known its opposition to dis
:ussing economic matters at this
:onference, preferring to leave such
luestions over for another inter
taierican conference next January
n Bogota.
Whether the United States dele
gation would continue this opposi
tion, if faced with a strong demand
rom other delegations, could not
pe determined. Some observers,
lowever, noted that the United
States already had agreed to com
promise its standing on the voting
processes to be included in the de
fense treaty, so as to require a
unanimous vote of all signatories
pefore any military action could be
taken against an aggressor, rather
ihan a two-thirds majority.
In any event. Dr. Belt let it be
mown that he intended to press
hr a full conference decision on his
‘economic aggression” clause. He
:onferred today with Senator Van
ienhenr. Renubliean. of Michigan
ind sought to arrange a meeting
pith Gen. Marshall.
Truman to See Press
President Truman will hold his
weekly news conference at 4 p.m.
Phursday.
What Soviet Radio
Is Saying of Us:
The official Soviet radio yesterday
broadcast to the world this piece of
jropaganda concerning the freedom
if the press in the United States:
“American publishing firms
supply the market 4 ceaselessly
with books which mislead the
reader. The American business
men publishers dispose energet
ically of the literary heritage of
the great classics such as, for
instance, Mark Twain. The rep
resentatives of the United States
press support the imperialists
and the reactionaries to main
tain millions of ordinary Ameri
cas citizens at the political level
of illiteracy
I
U. S. May Ease Curb
On British Trading
To Aid Dollar Crisis
Conference Agreement
On Increased Buying
From Dominions Likely
By the Associated Press
England appeared likely to
day to win concessions at the
Anglo-American "dollar crisis"
conference here, permitting a
temporary increase in buying
from the dominions at the ex
pense of trade with the United
States.
American officials said privately
his would fall far short of a pan
icea for England’s economic ills
cut is one remedy which may be
available without waiting on Con-,
jress to amend the $3,750,000,000
British loan agreement.
That agreement bars the British
from “discriminating” against this
country's goods unless it can get
better price and quality on the same
Items elsewhere.
A relaxation would permit Eng
land to use her own pounds more
extensively in sterling countries and
thereby conserve some of the dollars
whose flight from England threatens
tier economic stability and that of
Europe as well.
Lesser Concession Already Granted.
A lesser concession along the same
line—applying to the non-self-gov
erning British colonies—already has
AAnArvAect An a 1
approval. A major point, however,
Is that the dominions and (felonies
lack many of the foodstuffs and
materials needed by the home coun
try.
As the conference entered its
second day with an afternoon meet
ing scheduled. Sir Wilfred Eady,
spokesman for the British Treasury,
still had not divulged his specific
proposals to the United States Na
tional Advisory Council on Interna
tional Monetary Problems, headed
by Secretary of the Treasury Snyder.
Sir Wilfred spoke for half an hour
at the opening session late yester
day, it was learned, but he gave only
what Mr. Snyder asked: A picture of
Britain’s economic condition and the
drastic new measures taken to deal
with it. The speech boiled down to
an explanation of why the loan is
76 per cent exhausted in little more
than a year. The credit was written
to run until 1951, and England an
nounced her intention not to use it
up until mid-1948 at the earliest. At
the present rate of withdrawal it
will be gone this fall.
Explanation Adds Little.
American officials indicated that
Sir Wilfrid’s explanation added little
to their previous knowledge of Eng
land’s troubles—a disrupted produc
tion system hampered by shortages
and bad weather, Which has resulted
In a deficit of exports and a dearth
3f dollar exchange.
The conference was due to get
down to orass lacxs tooay on me
kind of help England wants and
the kind this country is willing to
give.
Of probably greater importance to
England than easing the ‘‘anti
discrimination’’ clause would be a
suspension of the requirement that
Britain must exchange dollars for
(See ECONOMIC, Page A-6.)
Rising Temperatures,
Humidity Predicted
A little warmer weather was in
store for the District today, the
Weather Bureau predicted, after the
city yesterday enjoyed its coolest
day since August 1. The tempera
ture reached 81 degrees at 11:30 a.m.
It will be mostly sunny and rather
humid today, the forecaster said,
with the mercury rising to about 86
degrees this afternoon. Tomorrow
will bring partly cloudy skies and a
temperature reaching about 90, he
said.
The high temperature yesterday
was only 79 degrees, registered at
1:24 pun. The low point this morn
ing was 72 at 3:34 am.
The forecaster predicted it would
continue rather warm through
Thursday, but he looked for the
benefits of a wave of cool air from
Northwestern Canada by Friday.
The cool wave was bringing relief
to the parched Plains States.
No relief was seen for the re
mainder of the Nation which is
sweltering again from a recurring
hot blast that has spared generally
only Atlantic and Pacific Coast
States.
>*
1 * w
Wedding Gift Kitty
For Elizabeth Gets
Off to Good Start
By the Associated Press
SHANGHAI, Aug. 19.—A fund
established Monday by prom
inent Britons to buy a wedding
present for Princess Elizabeth
got ofT to a good start, with
contributions pouring in not
only from the British but from
people of several other nation
alities.
The committee in charge, in
cluding British Consul General
A. G. N. Ogden, limited indi
vidual contributions to 100,000
Chinese dollars—approximate
ly $2.50 U. S., at the present
open market rate.
Tire Companies Deny
Price-Fixing Charge;
To Fight Federal Suit
Quotations Are Declared
To Be Under Prewar Level;
ActionCalled Preposterous
ly th» Associated Press
NEW YORK, Aug. 19.—Federal
charges that makers of 90 per
cent of the Nation’s tires have
conspired for 12 years to fix
prices will be fought “to the
limit,” E. J. Thomas, president
of Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.,
said today.
The criminal complaint naming
19 defendants was filed late yester
day in Federal Court for the South
ern District of New York. It quick
ly brought denials from the tire
makers, who said tire prices now are
at or below prewar levels.
The action, Mr. Thomas said,
“seeriis utterly preposterous.”
William O’Neil, president of Gen
eral Tire & Rubber Co., said tires
are selling 2.4 per cent below pre
war levels and the suit “just doesn’t
make sense.”
"On the basis of present living
costs as compared with 1941 the
price of tires is down almost 54
per cent,” Mr. O’Neil said.
^ No Justification Seen.
Herbert E. Smith, president of the
United States Rubber C6„ said
three of the four tires which ac
count for 85 per cent of his firm’s
business sell below prewar levels.
A statement from Firestone Tire &
Rubber Co. said that although living
costs were up 51.4 per cent since '
1941, its first quality tires were 2.4
per cent cheaper.
"This,” Firestone said, "is defeat
ing the forces of inflation and is a '
notable example of competitive free ;
enterprise in action.”
J. L. Cochrun, vice president in
charge of sales for the Seiberling
Rubber Co., said "we strongly believe
there is no justification for the *
charge.”
Olds Answers FTC Charge.
A reply to the Federal Trade Com
mission’s “cease and desist” order
against steelmakers, whom it ac
cused Sunday of conspiring to fix
prices and stifle competition, came ,
meanwhile from Irving S. Olds,
board chairman of the United States
Steel Corp.
Contending that the present pric
ing system in the industry had been
evolved through 50 years "as a nat
ural consequence of the funda
mental economic and competitive
conditions existing in that industry,”
Mr. Olds said adoption of toe com
mlssion’s pricing plan would cause
(Bee TIRES, Page A-6.)
U. S. Lifts Embargo
On Coal for Canada
In Rail Car Dispute
ODT Announces Action
As Result of Speedier
Return of Carriers
By John A. Giles
The partial embargo on United
3tates coal shipments to Canada,
put in effect last Wednesday as
i result of a dispute over the
return of United States freight
:ars by the Canadian National
Railway, was lifted today by the
Dfllce of Defense Transportation.
The ODT had claimed the Gov
ernment-controlled railway had
failed to return to the United States
a sufficient number of cars owned
by American railroads and, in fact,
was using them in large numbers
for traffic within the Dominion.
The embargo did not affect ship
ments via the privately owned Ca
nadian Pacific Railway, Canada’s
second largest line.
ODT officials, in announcing the
immediate lifting of the embargo,
expressed belief the purpose had
been served, ip that the return of
American cars had been greatly
speeded.
SetUement Was Expected.
Col. J. Monroe Johnson, ODT di
rector, had told The Star earlier
in the day that he expected cur
rent conferences with Canadian
Embassy and State Department offi
cials to lead to an early settlement.
The Canadian government had
presented a vigorous protest to the
State Department and, in official
LU^iuiuaub uiuro, mauc uu
of the fact that they were greatly
disturbed about it.
However, the Canadian Minister,
rhomas Stone, had expressed belief
that an early settlement would be
reached "because our two countries
do not squabble for long about any
thing.”
Cars Returned Faster.
Since the imposition of the em
bargo the Canadian National has
been returning cars in larger num
oers and in faster time, it was said.
As of last week end there were ap
proximately 9,000 more American
jars in Canada than Canadian
:ars in the United States. This
oalance has continued to improve.
Canadian railways always hold a
'avorable balance in open-top cars
vhieh are used to haul coal and the
ike. Last week, for instance, there
vere less than 800 Canadian open
op cars in the United States, while
Canadian railways held more than
144500 American cars of the same
variety.
In boxcars the American roads
lsually hold the favorable balance.;
'or instance, last week there were
>etter than 9,000 more Canadian
joxcars on American roads than
American boxcars in Canada.
However, it is in the open-top
jars that American roads are most
(See EMBARGO, Page A-6.J
Admiral King Resting;
Condition Still Serious
Admiral Ernest J. King, former
Jhief of naval operations and United
States Fleet commander, spent a
•estful night at the Naval Medical
Center, the Navy reported today.
The 10 a.m. announcement added
here was no change shown during
he last 24 hours. A previous reoort
bad said his condition was serious.
He was admitted to the hospital
ast Friday suffering from harden
,ng of the arteries and indication
)f a mild stroke without paralysis,
he Navy said.
Strict Law Sought to Protect
Children From Sex Offenders
The laws of 47 States give
children more protection against
sex offenders than the laws of
the District, United States At
torney George Morris Fay said
today.
Mr. Fay made the statement in
disclosing his office now is working
on a new law to assure full prose
cution of persons guilty of indecent
acts, particularly offenses involving
children. Hie proposed statute
based on the laws of 47 States—
will be submitted to the Justice De
partment with a recommendation
that Congress be requested to enact
legislation bringing the District into
line with the rest of the country.
“There is no law on the books of
the District today other than the
*
common law of sodomy or the mis
demeanor of simple assault with
which District children can be pro
tected,” Mr. Pay said.
A general perversion act, he said,
would give the authorities some
means of coping with sex crimes,
particularly those endangering chil
dren. In some States, he said,
penalties up to 20 years in prison
await those committing such of
fenses against'children.
Mr. Pay commended The Star
sditorials which have called atten
,ion to the inadequacy of the pres
;nt laws, particularly because of
he light sentences provided for
labitual offenders.
Mr. Pay explained that, when the
District went from common law to
See PAY, Page A-6.) I
h
President Shifts
2 Posts to Speed
Aid for Refugees
Carusi to Head Study;
Watson Miller Named
To Immigration Job
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today or
dered a shift in two major ad
ministrative posts to speed Fed
eral action on the European
displaced persons problem.
Ugo Carusi, now Commissioner of
Immigration and Naturalization,
was appointed a special assistant in
the State Department to take charge
of a survey of all phases of the
displaced persons problem.
Mr. Carusi, veteran Government
career employe will have the title
of special assistant to Assistant
Secretary of State-designate Charles
E. Saltzman.
As Commissioner of Immigration
and Naturalization, the President
named Watson B. Miller, now Fed
eral Security Administrator, and to
succeed Mr. Miller the President
appointed Oscar R. Ewing, a New
York lawyer and former vice chair
man of the Democratic National
Committee. Mr. Ewing recently
served as special prosecutor against
Douglas Chandler, sentenced in
Boston to life imprisonment for
treason.
Changes Effective Imediately.
The changes are effective imme
diately, but the appointments of
Mr. Miller and Mr. Ewing were mads
as recess appointments and are sub
ject to Senate confirmation later.
Mr. Truman moved in again on
the issue of relocating Europe’s
homeless millions after Congress
had failed to act despite repeated
requests from the White House. At
the last session the President had
urged that provision be made here
for a substantial number of the
homeless and he previously had
asked action along the same line.
It has been generally understood,
in the absence of specific figures,
that the President favors the ad
mission of approximately 400,000
refugees to the United States.
To Survey All Phases.
In announcing the Carusi appoint
ment, Charles G. Ross, White House
press secretary, said “one of the im
portant aspects of the work to be
undertaken will be to make'a com
plete survey of all phases of the
displaced persons problem, includ
ing the resettlement of displaced
persons and the administration of
the President’s directive of Decem
ber 22, 1945.”
In that directive, which went to
the Secretaries of State and War,
the Attorney General, War Shipping
Administration, surgeon general of
the Public Health Service and direc
tor general of UNRRA, Mr. Truman
said he wantdd steps taken to in
sure that established imigratlon
quotas would be fully used so that
America might make some contri
bution to the problem of finding
homes for the European wanderers.
The President said that at that
time that only a few persons from
Europe had come to the United
States during the war years and
that only from 5 to 10 per cent of
the immigration quotas then were
being used. ~"*v.
3,900 Could Enter Monthly.
He estimated that about 3,900
persons could enter month'y from
Central and Eastern Europe and
the Balkans if the full complements
took advantage of the privilege of
coming to the unitea states.
Mr. Ross said Mr. Carusi also
would study the operations of the
newly formed International Refu
(See DISPLACED PERSONS, A-8.)
Man, 65, Killed by Car
Of Edward B. McLean, Jr.
By th. Associated Press
COLORADO SPRINGS. Colo.,
Aug. 19.—Police said today that
Edward Beale McLean. Jr., 29, son
of the late Uvalyn Walsh McLean,
of Washington, struck and fatally
injured a 65-year-old man with a
car on a Colorado Springs subur
ban street last night.
The Investigating officers, State
Highway Patrolman Ward Morrow
and Clarence Shemwell, deputy
sheriff, identified the dead man as
Martin Newmar., a dishwasher at
a mountain club.
They said Mr. McLean told them
he did not see Mr. Newman until
Just before his car struck the man
as he was walking down the middle
of the dark, rain-swept street.
Mr. McLean lives on the McLean
ranch in the Black Forest near Colo
rado Springs. The sheriff’s office |
said Mr. McLean, who was not taken
into custody, reported the accident
from the nearest phone.
10% of Relief Checks
Stopped After Review
More than 10 per cent of District
relief cases which have been re
viewed so far will be discontinued,
suspended or held up by the Board
of Public Welfare, it was announced
today. The action was an outgrowth
of a four-day review of all cases.
Of 2,194 cases handled, the total
number to lose active status was 233.
There are about 5,400 cases to be
reviewed, but because of the intense
heat last week the reviewers were
unable to finish their work. Ray L.
Hull, director of the Department of
Public Welfare, said the workers
again would give their almost undi
vided attention during the next tWo
days to try to finish the remaining
cases.
The relief reduction is caused by
reduced appropriations by Congress
for public assistance here. The types
of aid involved are relief for the
blind, the aged, dependent children
and general public assistance.
The blow will not be felt by per
sons on relief until next month.
Welfare officials said. August checks
have already been sent out, but
many who are to be separated from
relief will not receive grants in
September.
A

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