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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 26, 1947, Image 1

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__Lote New York Markets, Poge A-19•_ An Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,733 Phone NA. 5000. * 8Co/5 CENTS
. »
American Effort
For New Cabinet
in Greece Fails
Demand by Sophoulis
For Premiership
Foils Mediation
%
EATON WARNS U. S. can’t let Reds
dominate Greece. Page A-3
■ y the Aoociated Frees
ATHENS, Aug. 26.—American
efforts to mediate the deadlock
in the Greek governmental crisis
failed today when Themistokles
Sophoulis, leader of the main
branch of the Liberal Party, in
sisted that he become Premier.
Constantin Tsaldaris, premier
designate, had been trying for three
days to form a new government.
Mr. Sophoulis, 86, had been one of
the main obstacles to success be
rause of his steadfast refusal to
enter a coalition cabinet to solve
the current cricis. *
American Ambassador Lincoln
MacVeagh confererd with Mr. So
phoulis during the morning.
Nentral Politician Proposed.
Mr. Tsaldaris said after leaving
the 90-minute mediation conference.
that he had proposed a neutral poli
tician for Premier, but that Mr.
Sophoulis rejected the idea, propos
ing instead that he (Sophoulis) as
sume leadership of the state and
that his party take the portfolios of
war, justice and public order.
Mr. Tsaldaris said he would pro
ceed with his own plans for form
ing a government.
He heads the Populist (Royalist)
Party, which ranked first in the
elections March 31, 1946. He appar
ently would be limited on a parlia
mentary vote of confidence in a new
government to the support of his
own party, the Nationalist Party of
Gen. Napoleon Zervas with 25 mem
bers of Parliament and reformists
under Apostle Alexandris with four.
May Have Half Representatives.
He probably could rely on seven
votes controlled by the extreme
Tightest, Theodore Turcovassilis,
making a total of 177. This is /ex
actly half the representatives.
In the event a Tsaldaris cabinet
failed to get a vote of confidence,
King Paul constitutionally must in
trust formation of another to the
largest minority party, which at
present is Mr. Sophoulis’ Liberal
Party.
However, usually reliable sources
said a new parliamentary leader,
Spiro Markezinis, 38, had engineered
an agreement with chiefs of the
National Unionists, the Social Dem
ocrats and Venieelos Liberals for
f6rmation of a bloc under a single
man in Parliament to claim the
largest minority. This bloc would
have 88 representatives, compared
to the 48 of Mr. Sophoulas’ party.
Griswold Sees Sophoulis.
Dwight P. Griswold, administra
tor of the American aid program in
Greece, called on Mr. Sophoulis at:
his home last night and an author- j
itative source said he had stressed
the need for political unity if the
American mission is to succeed, j
This informant said no "pressure”1
was put on Mr. Sophoulis, but that
Mr. Griswold urged him to help
achieve some solution of Mr. Tsai
daris’ problem.
In reply, the informant said, Mr.
Sophoulis intimated that he would
be willing to give Mr. Tsaldaris'
Populist Party most of the cabinet
posts if Mr. Sophoulis himself were
named premier. The government of
Premier Demetrois Maximos col
lapsed last Saturday. '
Mr. Sophoulis was said to have
Informed Mr. Griswold that he was
the only person in Greece whose
name and influence could persuade
a majority of the Greek guerrillas to
surrender under amnesty conditions.
Guerillas Are Active.
While the political leaders wrestled
over formatioh of a new govern
ment in Athens, widespread guer
rilla activity was reported in North
ern Greece.
One press report said 100 civilians
were seized and taken into Bulgaria
in a raid on nine villages in the
Orestias area between Turkish and
’(See GREECE, Page A-6TT"
Late News
Bulletins
Strike Is Settled '
At Cleaners' Firm
The strike of 27 members of
the Cleaners and Laundry
Workers’ Local No. 457 (CIO)
against the United Retail
Cleaners and Tailors Associa
tion, 619 Neal place N.W., was
settled this afternoon after
strikers had accepted a com
pany proposal to acceed to
new wage and hour demands'll
two other union shops* in the
city later make like offers to
their employes.
(Earlier Story on Page A-7.)
Nats Lead Chicago, 3 to 0
CHICAGO.—A single, suc
cessive doubles by McBride and
Vernon and a Chicago error
sent three Nats home in the
first inning and gave Wash
ington a 3-to-0 lead in the sec
ond inning here this after
noon.
Ford Luxury Lines liaised
DETROIT I/p.—1The Ford
.Motor Co., which last Sunday
announced price increases on
its Ford passenger cars and
trucks, today raised prices on
its Mercury, Lincoln and Ford
“luxury” models. Increases on
the Mercury line range from
$86 to $226; Lincoln from $148
to $200 and the Ford luxury
models from $199 to $229.
I
Scout Car 41 Has Busy Night
With Yegg, Calf and a Baby
Pvt. Henry R. Kershner, right, and Pvt. Le Roy N. Perry are
shown back at No. 4 precinct station after their busy night.
—Star Staff Photo.
A policeman’s lot was a busy
and almost slap-nappy one early
today for the occupants of scout
car 41.
Only a week ago Pvts. Henry R.
Kershner. 34, and Le Roy N. Perry,
29, used that car in the wild but
successful chase for a 300 pound
boar near the Bureau of Engraving
and Printing. Between 2 and 6:30
o’clock this morning they added the
following activities to the official
record and their personal range of
activity:
1. They helped capture a pris
oner who escaped from the Arling
ton County Jail last Saturday. He
• ~ 1 ~t-*
was arrested, police reported, while
he was attempting to break into a
safe at the City Finance Co., 515
Eighth street S.E.
2. They acted as “midwives" in
assisting in the delivery of a baby
girl born to Mrs. Louise Lucas at
418 Seventh street S.W.
3. They rounded up a 200-pound
calf that had broken from a slaugh
terhouse and ran around the Capitol
several times before being grabbed
by the tail by Pvt. Perry at Second
and G streets S.W.
The situation seemed quiet enough
at 1:45 a.m. while Pvt. Kershner,
See SC6UTCAR,P age A - 67)
New Cease-Fire Order
Is Issued by U. N. in
Indonesian Fighting
* Security Council Vote
On Action, 10-0, With
Britain Abstaining
BULLETIN
LAKE^ SUCCESS, (&).—The
Security Council called on the
Dutch and Indonesians today
for the second time to cease
fire In the East Indies hostil
ities. The vote was 10 to 0,
with Britain abstaining.
By the Atiocioted Pr*»l
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 26.—The
Security Council today rejected
a Dutch-supported Belgian pro
posal that the Council ask the
International Court of Justice to
rule on the competence of the
United Nations to act in the In
donesian conflict. Only the
United States. Belgium, France
and Britain backed the move.
Poland voted against the pro
posal. Russia, which had fought
it hardest, joined with China, Co
lombia, Brazil, Syria and Australia
in abstaining.
The ballot was Interpreted as a
test of the continued Dutch con
tention that Indonesian hostilities
WCIC <HU UltClllOl aupii awu vuv
Council had no business Interven
ing. „
The vbte came after the Indo
nesian Republic officially informed
the U. N. that it accepted Coun
cil decisions calling for consul re
ports from Batavia and an differ
of the Council’s good offices in the
East Indies dispute. The Dutch
had not officially replied.
Consuls Would Report Hostilities.
The consuls would report on hos
tilities since the Council's August 1
call for cease-fire and the good of
fices would be used to bring the dis
putants together for further nego
tiations.
Sutan Sjahrir, former premier
representing the republic here, said
he had asked his government in
Jogjakarta, Java, for instructions
regarding the Indonesian selection
of one nation for the mediation
group.
The Indonesian announcement
came as the Council went back into
session in the wake of a surprise
•French veto which killed a Russian
X}. N.'s August 1 cease-fire order.
- First up this morning was the
Belgian proposal for the Interna
tional Court of Justice to rule on the
Council’s right to act in the Indo
nesian case. Following it was a
Polish resolution calling on the
Dutch and Indonesians to comply
with the cease-fire edict.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Andrei A. Gromyko had bitterly at
tacked the Belgian proposal and
some observers believed that he
(See U. N„ Page A-6.)
Wedemeyer in Korea
For Week's Survey
As Dispute Flares
Hodge in Hot Exchange
With Russian Over
Provisional Regime
By tF • Associatid Pj»ji
SEOUL, Korea, Aug. 26.—Lt.
Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer ar
rived today for a week’s survey
of uneasy Korea for President
Truman. He said in a prepared
statement that members of his
mission would maintain “com
plete objectivity, with no com
mitments and no prejudgment.'’
The special envoy explained that
information collected would help
the United States “in making its
decision on how to co-operate witW
the Korean people in order to ad
vance their welfare and protect the
hard-earned peace.”
He flew here from Tokyo, where
he conferred briefly with Gen. Mac
Arthur.
Gen. weaemeyer arrivea auring
sharp exchanges between the Amer
ican commander in Southern Korea,
Lt. Gen, John R. Hodge, and Col.
Gen. Terenty F. Shtikov of the So
viet delegation to the joint commis
sion, which he deadlocked on the
American proposal to form a pro
visional government for Korea.
Russian Accuses Americans.
Gen. Shtikov charged the Ameri
cans with impeding the. work of the
commission by arresting leftists in
Southern Korea. Gen. Hodge
countered that he was “astounded
by the propaganda statement” of
Gen. Shtikov and said such arrests
were necessary to “control seditious
activities aimed at destruction of
the constituted government and law
and order in the American zone.”
(Informed sources in China,
where Gen. Wedemeyer conduct
ed a thorugh-going survey of
that country’s economic plight,
- said the mission would fly to
Japan and then Hawaii after the
Korean investigation and would
spend at least a week at a Ha
waii mountain- “hideout" on the
side of an old ‘volcano preparing
its report to the President.
(There still was no official
(See KOREA, Page A-6.)
4 Hawaii Marines Die
In Private Plan^,Crash
By the Associated Press
PEARL HARBOR, Aug. 26.—Pour
Marine enlisted men were killed,
last night when a single-engine
plane crashed in a canefield near;
Barbers Point Naval Air Statioh.’.Vv'l
A Marine officer here said one of
the men, with a private pilot's
license, had taken his three com
panions on a 20-minute flight from
Honolulu Airport in a private plane.
A sentry at Barbers Point, about
15 miles west of here, said the plane
crashed and burned, apparently
killing all four instantly.
Fleet Marine Force headquarters
withheld the names of the victims,
all stationed at Barbers Point.
U. S. Sub Force Ends Maneuvers
In Sight of Siberian Shores
By the Associated Press
JUNEAU, Alaska. Aug. 26.—A
United States submarine task force
was en route today to Victoria, Brit
ish Columbia, and Seattle after
vyeeks of maneuvers near—and atj
one time below—the Arctic ice pack I
along the northern rim of Alaska.
The Navy kept secret results of
the cruise, which took the subma
rines Boarfish, Caiman, Chub and
Cabezon and the tender Nereus
through the Bering Strait to Point
Barrow.
Watching the maneuvers was Rear
Admiral A. R. McCann, head of the j
submarine force of the Pacific Fleet.!
who.joined the unit at Adak in the!
Aleutians after preliminary phases
A
along the island chain and north
ward to the Pribilofs.
Prom there the task force moved
into the Bering Strait, knifing
through the icy waters near the in
ternational line and within sight of
the Siberian shoreline. Beyond the
narrow passage the unit fanned out
into the Arctic Ocean, testing equip
ment specially designed for Northern
operations.
Navy officials in charge said on
their arrival here that one of the
submarines had submerged below
the unbroken ice pack for 30
minutes, but they gave no further
details.
They dismissed questions about the
cruise with the remark that it was.
merely ■‘routine.’*
A
United Defense
Of Hemisphere
Proposed atRio
Plan Would Establish
"Security Region/
Including Greenland
By th# Associated Press
PETROPOLIS, Brazil, Aug. 26.
—The Inter-American Confer
ence today received a proposal,
backed by the United States, to
defend the entire Western Hemi
sphere from the Arctic to the
Antarctic as a “security region’’
with military forces of all Amer
ican nations.
Alaska and Greenland were in
cluded in the zone.
The subcommittee which drafted
the measure was composed of Sena
tor Vandenberg, Republican, of
Michigan and representatives of
Brazil, Mexico, Peru and Bolivia.
All Would Act In Defense.
Under the proposal, any attack
on the vast strategic area would
invoke defense measures under the
proposed hemisphere treaty of mu
tual defense.
“An armed attack by any state
agauioi ail nuici iv,au iiaviv/11 w 111 uy
considered an attack against all
American states and each one of the
American states assumes the obli
gation to aid in facing such an at
tack, exercising the individual on
collective right of self-defense rec
ognized by article 51 of the United
Nations Charter," the agreement
said.
The agreement on the security
zone specified: “The region referred
to in the treaty includes the geo
graphical area defined by the Pana
ma declaration ,of October 3, 1939,
the North American continent,
Alaska Territory and the area lying
between one and the other.”
Work May End This Week End.
Formal agreement by a five
nation subcommittee on measures
to be taken against aggression and
Argentina’s acceptance of the two
thirds majority rule in invoking
those measures came in quick suc
cession yesterday and reports im
mediately began circulating that the
20-nation conference would finish
writing the treaty by the week end.
Unconfirmed reports were current
in conference circles that President
Truman might advam^ the date of
his visit here, now scheduled for
September 5. He is scheduled to
close the conference formally.
Agree on 12 Main Clauses.
The drafting subcommittee—com
posed of delegates ffom the United
States, Brazil, Mexico, Peru and
Bolivia—concluded four days of
work last night in full agreement on
12 main clauses oh aggression,
Which one delegate called "the very
h^fcrt of the treaty.”
Foreign Minister Ricardo J. Al
faro of Panama, who served as ex
officio chairman of the subcommit
tee, said the draft included:
1. The branding of aggression as
such “wherever it occurrs.”
2. Collective measures to be taken
against aggression.
3. Establishment of a hemisphere
security zone which would call for I
common defense measures against
attack from the Arctic to the Ant-,
arctic. Canada, later, is to be in- '•
vited to participate in hemisphere
defense.
Formula of Compromise.
Mr. Alfaro said the controversial
question of whether distinction;
should be drawn between aggression
from without and from within was
settled by the following compromise
formula:
1. Collective armed action may be
taken immediately against an at
tack from outside the hemisphere.
2. In the event of aggression
stemming from within the hemi
sphere, the attacked nation may
take up arms immediately in self
defense “and such other nations as
desire may come to her aid.”
3. However, before organized col
lective arme^ action may be taken
by American nations to halt ag
gression from within, "all pacific
measures must first be exhausted.”
These measures include arbitration,
conciliation and recourse to the In
ternational Court of Justice.
U. S. Opposed Argentina.\
Argentina last week proposed to
bar the use of joint force in settling
intra-hemisphere aggression, but the
United States immediately opposed
this. Mr. Alfaro said the new com
promise formula apparently settled
that issue, although he said no one
called it a compromise.
"The United States and Argentina
moved closer to each other’s view
point in general support of the prin
ciples of solidarity,” he Said.
Earlier last night the confer
ence's# all-nation committee voted
down Argentina’s demand for the
veto right in invoking defense treaty
measures and Argentina’s delega
tion immediately said it would ac
cept the decision without reservation.
The committee then aDproved a
TSee CONFERENCE, Page A-8.)
J —————— ... ■'>
V/hat theRussians
Are Saying of Us:
Moscow broadcast last week in
Persian to the Near and Middle
East:
“John Dulles in a speech again
demanded that the right of veto
in the Security Council be lim
ited. This is not the first time
that he has asked for the revision
of the U. N. Charter, as this
charter constitutes a great ob
stacle on the path of American
claimants to world domination.
"The American reaction which
Dulles represents is striving to do
away with the principle of
unanimity of the great powers
and the principle of equal rights
of nations, thus reducing this in
ternational organization to a tool
for American politics. Dulles de
mands that the American mo
nopolists and Senators should
interpret the U.tN. Charter ac
cording to their wishes and pass
without hindrance all decisions
which are to their advantage in
the Security Council and other
U. N. organizations/
,1
-
Rude Interruption
Federal Employes Assured
Of Full Accumulated Leave
Controller General Rules Nffne Shall Lose
Time Built Up by Staying on Job During War
Enough Evidence Now
For Raedy Car Case
Action, King Says
Prosecutor Hesitates to
Go to Court Without
Conclusive Proof
Assistant Corporation Counsel
Clark King today declared he
probably has enough evidence
to take the hit-and-run case in
volving Municipal Judge Ellen K.
Raedy’s car into court, but added
that he wants to get as much
“conclusive evidence” as possible
before taking action.
Consequently, Mr. King said he
is awaiting the discovery of addi
tional witnesses in the mystery sur
rounding the identity of the driver
of Judge Raedy’s automobile when
it was involved in an accident last
Tuesday night.
“The newspapers are not ahead
of me in this inquiry," he added.
incy cue itiicttu ui me hu“v'Ci
“It is not my job to go out and
get witnesses—that’s the police job.”
Seeks to Check All Angles.
He added that there could not be
"too much evidence” and that if he
carried the case to Corporation
Counsel Vernon E. West in its pres
ent form that the latter would have
“some pertinent questions about the
evidence” which he hopes to clear
up later.
"They are not putting me on the
spot in this investigation as long
as I make every effort to check every
angle,” Mr. King added.
A cab driver who had been re
ported to have taken a couple from
Judge Raedy’s automobile for a
“cooling-off" drive after the acci
dent proved to be “just another false
lead," Mr. King said after ques
tioning the driver.
“I have had four such false leads
of top proportions such as this
which we have run dowrf and fol
lowed from every angle,” he said.
“It had been reported to me that
this man saw the couple park the
hit-and-run car and then flag his
cab. I am satisfied that this is Just
another one of those hear-say
stories which, of course, we have to
check to be sure.”
Summons Issued for Two.
The accident occurred near the
corner of First and K streets N.W.
Police also have summons—issued
late last Friday—for Jimmy Frisby,
13, and his grandmother and birth
day party hostess, Mrs. Mary E.
Hayes, 909 First street N.W.
One witness has told Mr. King
fV.of q hnorHor in hpr hftfTIP t.olri
her Judge Raedy was a guest at the
party—less than a block from the
scene of the accident—but the judge
has told newspapers she was in her
apartment all evening and Miss
Dorothy Hayes, also of 909 First
street N.W.. told Mr. King that she
was with the judge.
List of Party Guests Sought.
Mr. King is trying to complete
a Jist of those at the party and will
ask Mrs. Hayes and Jimmy, the son
of Mrs. Marie H. Frisby. Municipal
Court cashier, for that list. Police
have been unable to locate the pair,
however.
Mrs. Frisby, now on vacation, is
(See RAEDY, Page A-6.)
Eichelberger to Come Here
YOKOHAMA, Aug. 26 (>P>.—Lt.
Gen. Robert L. Eichelberger, com
mander of the United States 8th
Army, said today he planned to
leave for Washington early next
month for consultation with War
Department officials.
Federal workers today were
assured by the controller gen
eral’s office that they would not
lose any part of their accumu
lated annual leave, despite the
60-day limit recently set by Con
gress.
No Government, employe who now
has more baflc leave than the new
limit will be required to forfeit the
excess time, and those who leave the
Federal service with more than 60
days’ leave will be entitled to full
payment, it was ruled.
The decision, requested by the
Civil' Service commission, benefits
Federal workers who responded to
their agency's appeal to stay on the
job during the war.
In 1942, to encourage maximum
war effort in Government agencies.
Congress raised the number of days
which could be carried ever for fu
ture use from 60 to 90. This provi
sion terminated July 24.
Under the new interpretation, a
Government worker, by failing to
use the full 26 days’ vacation to
which he was entitled each year,
may have accumulated 70 days’ an
nual leave as of January 1, 1947.
If he took no vacation prior to
July 24, he would have piled up an
additional 14 days by that time,
when the further accumulation in
excess of 60 days was halted. Under
those circumstances, 84 days would
have become his maximum accum
ulated leave.
During the remainder of the year
he would still be entitled to his reg
ular 12 days’ leave, but he could not
carry over any part of that amount
to next year's total.
Once he took more than the reg
ular amount of leave for any period,
however, he would be unable to
build up the accumulated leave to
the former level. The new total
would become his maximum ac
cumulated leave until he- had re
duced the figure below 60.
U. S. Rebuffed by Reds
In Reply on Petkov;
Further Steps Likely
demands for Big Three
Consultations Flatly
Rejected by Russia
BULLETIN
SOFIA, Bulgaria (^.—Parlia
ment passed a law today dis
solving the . Agrariam Party,
chief opposition to the Com
unist - dominated Fatherland
Fropt government. (Earlier
story on Page A-2.)
By Garnett D. Horner
Russia has flatly rejected
American and British demands
for Big Three consultations
aimed at saving Nikola Petkov,
Bulgarian anti-Communist lead
er, from a death sentence, the
State Department made known
today.
A department spokesman indi
cated at the same time that, this
Government plans further action in
an attempt to save Mr. Petkov, but
refused to say what course it might
take.
Asked if the Soviet rejection ex
Hon^rpH Ampriran efforts in the
case, Lincoln White, State Depart
ment press officer, replied, "No, in
deed."
Mr. Petkov, Bulgarian Agrarian
Party leader, was sentenced to death
by a Bulgarian court August 16 on
charges of inspiring certain Bul
garian Army officers to found a
military union aimed at overthrow
ing the “Fatherland Front” govern
ment.
‘Miscarriage of Justice.’
Branding his trial “a gross mis
carriage of justice,” the United States
urged the Soviet chairman of the
Allied Control Commission in Bul
garia to instruct the Bulgarian gov
ernment to suspend the sentence
until the ACC had opportunity to
review the case.
When this request was turned
down, American Ambassador Walter
Bedell Smith in Moscow? took the
matter up directly with the Soviet
government in a note last Saturday
demanding "immediate consulta
tions” among the United States,
Russia and Britain on the matter.
The State Department released
the text of a Soviet note declaring it
•does not see any possibility o'f agree
voce ttixxkvyv, i 05c «-*■/
Cuba to Try U. S. Dancer
Sept. 17 in Mee Killing
By the Associated Press
HAVANA, Cuba, Aug, 26.—Cuban
court authorities today set Septem
ber 17 as the date for trial of Patricia
Schmidt, Toledo (Ohio) dancer, on
homicide charges growing out of the
slaying last April of John Lester
Mee, Chicago attorney.
Mr. Mee was fatally wounded by
two shots from a ,22rcaliber target
pistol aboard his yacht Satira in
Havana flarbor. The prosecution
charges the shots were fired by Miss
Schmidt during a quarrel.
The dancer has been held In
Guanabacoa women's prison since
the shooting.
ft.
--; .--—-w.-'— ’ ' '—"
Threatened CIO Test
Of Plan for Old Cases
Worries Labor Board
May Hamstring Program
For Applying New Law
To Them, Officials Say
By the Associated Press
Officials of the National Labor
Relations , Board voiced frank
but private apprehension today
over what a union challenge
might do to their plans for ap
plying the new Taft-Hartley Act
policy to 3,500 old NLRB cases.
A-CIO official disclosed anony
mously that some CIO unions are
considering asking the courts to rule
on the legality of this procedure
because:
1. The Taft-Hartley law went into
full effect only last Friday while;
2. The cases involve conditions
which existed under the Wagner
Labor' Relations Act.
In calling for a separate review
of each of the old cases, NLRB Gen
eral Counsel Robert N. Denham has
expressed the opinion they can be
examined in the light of the Taft
Hartley Act and modified if neces
sary.
Suits Might '‘Hamstring" Board.
Some NLRB officials, however, ac
knowledge that if a number of un
ions challenged this procedure by
court suits the result might be to
“hamstring” the board pending a
final, judicial determination.
Mr. Denham has had nothing to
say on thts point.
In holding that the oid cases can
be reviewed in the light' of the new
act, subject to possible modification,
the general counsel said he believes
a good example is provided by a
proceeding involving the Geraldine
Novelty Co., Inc., of Gloversville,
N. Y., and the CIO Pur and^Leather
Workers.
Last Thursday the board ruled
that eight members of that union
who had been fired should be rein
stated, and that the company
should cease discriminating against
the union.
Mr. Denham told newsmen he
thinks, unofficially, that the workers
rsee LABOR, Page A-6.»
Relief From Heat Due Tonight
After Temperature Reaches 91
The temperature reached 91 de
grees at 2 o'clock this afternoon, but
scattered thundershowers are ex
pected to bring some relief from the
humid heat by tonight.
Something else for residents to
cheer about, the Weather Bureau
said, is a cold front moving south
westward from Canada that is ex
pected here by tomorrow. Tomor
row will be cloudy with a high of
about 86 degrees.
This afternoon's showers will
force the temperature down to
about 70 degrees, the bureau said,
and the skies will clear this evening.
Yesterday’s high was 92 degrees
at 2:40 p.m. The temperature at
12:01 a.m. today was 79 degrees.
Heat exhaustion sent one man to
Freedman’s Hospital yesterday. He
« u
was Albert Singleton, 63, colored,
of 207 K street N.E.
Acting Coroner Christopher J.
Murphy blamed excessive heat of
the last few weeks for an increased
number of deaths of older people
with heart conditions.
Dr. Murphy said there have been
three or four deaths from heart con
ditions every 24 hours in the Dis
trict recently—far above the cool
weather average.
‘‘People who do have bad hearts
try to do as much in this kind of
weather as they do any other time,
he said, “and the result is too much
of a strain on their systems. ;
The Commissioners ordered Dis
trict employes in nonair-conditioned j
build in's "t, off at 3 o'clock. Wcrk
(fcee Vvi/iiI,a.... - r©e -
Grand Jury Calls
10 D. C. Dealers
In Oil Inquiry
Wide Antitrust Drive
Seen for U. S. Housing,
Petroleum Fields
Ten large District gasoline and
011 distributors were called today
before a grand jury investigat
ing the petroleum business in
Washington. Another grand jury
was to resume an investigation
of' District real estate dealers
this afternoon.
Watson Snyder of the Anti-trust
Division of the Justice Department,
said the oil inquiry probably will
run two or three weeks and as far
as he knows, will be confined to
transactions within the District.
Spokesmen for the businesses al
ready under inquiry viewed Attorney
General Clark's letters of authoriza
tion as merely the opening guns
in a Justice Department anti-trust
drive on the whole field of housing
and the nationwide sale of petrol
Far-Flung Inquiry Seen.
Letters from Attorney General
Clark to Victor H. Kramer and
Herbert N. Maletz of the Antitrust
Division (concerning their powers
in pressing for grand jury action
under criminal statutes prohibiting
conspiracies in restraint of trade)
indicate that the inquiry concern
ing the National Association of Reai
Estate Boards may be opening move
for a far-flung investigation into
every segment of the private hous
ing industry,” headquarters for the
national association declared.
Retail Gasoline Dealers, Inc., said
it probably would comment later on
similar letters which Mr. Clark has
dispatched authorizing the oil in
vestigation.
The real estate Inquiry started
Wednesday before the July grand
jury. The jury convened shortly be
fore 11 o’clock this morning, but
was reported to be considering other
matters before resuming its main
investigation early this afternoon.
April Grand Jury Called Back.
The petroleum investigation'
moved under wray yesterday, as the
April grand jury was called back
into session at District Court.
The 10 company representatives
summoned to appear today were
directed to bring books and cor
porate papers. Those who reported
included: Amoco spokesman, W. C.
Connelly, division manager for
Maryland, the District and Vir
ginia, and Attorneys C. H. Thomp
son of Baltimore and H. E. Chaf
fetz of Washington.
v* isvs nvi. , iuvmv, iuia av
torney, -representing the Standard
Oil Co. of New Jersey; E. L. Clark,
Rosslyn, Va„ manager of the Inde
pendent Oil Co.; Russell Myers,
Washington, local manager of the
Shell Oil Co.; A. D. Webster, local
manager of the Tidewater Asso
ciated Oil Co.
E. W. Lang of Wilkes Barre, Pa.,
division manager of the Cities Serv
ice Co., and his attorney, George H.
Colin; for the Sinclair Refining Co.,
Byron Mackenzie, area manager,
and Attorneys Joseph P. Walsh, V.
R. Tomlinson, both of New York,
and Attorney Richard Sowder.
Appear for Other Firm*.
Appearing for the Gulf Oil Co.
was Sam Parks, District manager,
and Archie Gray of Houston, an
attorney; for Texaco, John T. Hardy
of Norfolk, regional manager, and
Attorneys A. L. Morgan and John
J. Wilson, and for Sun Oil Co.,
Regional Manager H. L. Beckwith.
Witnesses yesterday were Wallace
S. Linfoot and R. A. Herrick, presi
dent and executive director, re
spectively, of Retail Oasoline Deal
ers, Inc.
"It is our understanding that the
grand Jury is inquiring into the
subject of gasoline prices, but we
have no idea what information it is
trying to develop,” the Standard Oil
Co. said in a statement yesterday.
“The policy of the Standard Oil
Co. of New Jersey has been, and is
today, to keep prices of petroleum
products as low as possible. In this
period of inflationary pressure we
have tried to hold prices down, and
we will, of course, be glad to give
the District of Columbia grand Jury
or any other official body complete
data on what we have done in this
regard or any other subjects con
cerning which they may wish to
inquire.”
In connection with the real estate
inquiry, Mr. Kramer and Mr. Maletz
refused to say whether this Jury,
meeting in a room in the Municipal
Court Building, will launch into a
considerably broader field as indi
cated in Attorney General Clark's *
letter.
That letter authorized and di
rected Mr. Maletz to “Investigate
and prosecute alleged violations of
the Federal antitrust laws by cer
(See ANTITRUST. Page A-6.)
Warning Note to Editor
Given FBI in Atlanta
By Associated Press
ATLANTA, Aug. 26.—The Federal
Bureau of Investigation said today
that C. E. Gregory, Atlanta Journal
political editor, had turned over to
it an anonymous letter received in
yesterday’s mail bearing the words
“take warning.” f
Mr. Gregory's home in suburban
Decatur ' was bombed Saturday
night. There was only minor dam
age and no one was injured. The
letter turned over to the FBI said:
“To all who may seek to destroy
our Southern traditions and way
of life. For 80 years the Ku Kline
Klan has ridden and it shall con
tinue to do so as long as the South
ern white man lives. Take warn
ing "
Mr. Gregory said he also had
turned over to police the name of a
man identified by an anonymous
telephone caller as the person who
tossed a home-made bomb onto the
editor’s front t»rch.
Meanwhile. *450 in rewards haa
be'-n offered for information lead
r~ to f-e ::t of the persons re
■ 5•'/. - ,’r: explosion.
Ik

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