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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 27, 1947, Image 2

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Union's Own Version
Of Loyajty Affidavit
Rejected by NLRB
V ly th« Allocated Pr *ts
The National Labor Relations
Board has rejected a union effort
to Jhrow out the type of non
communism affidavit which it
requires of all union officers
under the Taft-HartleyAct.
^George Q. Lynch, president of the
AFL Pattern Makers League,
charged the Government's form of
affidavit follows “a totalitarian
technique” and offered a substitute
of his own which condemned all
forms of dictatorship.
The board rejected Mr. Lynch's
Idea and sent him a new supply of
Its own for himself and the officers
of his 14,000 super-skilled pattern
makers.
The affidavits declare the signers
are not Communists and do not
advocate overthrow of the Govern
ment by illegal methods. They are
required of all officers of a union in
order for it to share In the board s
services.
Sees Union “Under Czar."
Mr. Lynch declared the plan would
put his pattern makers "under a
czar.” This would come about, he
contended through a ruling by
Robert N. Denham, NLRB general
counsel, that all 15 members of the
AFL Executive Council must sign.
Otherwise the unions under them
would not be entittled to the board's
facilities.
"It is rumored that a John L.
Lewis, 13th vice president of the
AFL, refuses to sign the Communist
disclaimer and that his union has
withdrawn cases previously filed in
regional offices of the NLRB,” Mr.
Lynch said i^ a letter to Mr. "Den
ham. Mr. Lewis is a member of the
AFL council.
"The Taft-Hartley advocates as
sured us that Public Law 101 would
curb the dictatorial powers of so
called 'labor czars.' Your ruling, sir,
places the Pattern Makers’ League
under a czar for the first time with
in its 60 years of constitutional self
government. You have created the
opportunity for any Gromyko on the
AFL council to say 'no.' ”
Worker* Highly Skilled.
Mp. Lynch's union consists of the
highly skilled workers who make the
patterns for the molds into which
materials are poured, including
metals, plastics or glass. Mr. Lynch
says there are only 15,500 members
of the craft in this country and
Canada, 14,000 of whom are affili
ated with the union.
In another communication to Mr.
Denham, Mr. Lynch asked the gen
eral, counsel to note “that our affi
davit sets forth that the deponent
Is not a member of, or in sympathy
with (communism) (Naziism) (fas
cism) or (any form of dictatorship
regardless of name or color of shirt
selected for purpose of identifica
tion).”
Mr. Lynch said the type of "buck
shot affiaavit" required by Mr. Den
ham with the force of government
"is a totalitarian technique which
can be employed to destroy basic
freedoms through fear."
. Mr. Lynch asked Mr. Denham to
| Identify specifically the organiza
tions and activities which union
leaders must -shun if they wish to
, use the facilities of the board under
■ the Taft-Hartley Act.
Mr. Lynch said the language of
the Denham affidavit was lifted
from the act, but it was all wrong
He is opposed to all types of dic
tatorship, he said.
"It took Ireland 700 years to gel
rid of a King," he said, "and I'd be
a poor son of Erin if I submitted to
a dictator now.”
Networks to Confer Sept. 8
With Petrillo on FM Ban
ly th* Ai»ociat*d Pr#*»
NEW YORK, Aug. 27.—Fou]
major radio networks today notiflec
James C. Petrillo, president of the
American Federation of Musicians
AFL, that their representative!
would meet with him in Chicagc
September 8 to discus* duplicatior
cf standard musical broadcasts or
FM stations.
Mr. Petrillo issued an order Au
gust 20 banning duplication of music
on standard and FM stations. The
presidents of the four major net
works wired a protest that the ordei
would "seriously retard the devel
opment of' FM broadcasting.” The
networks said Mr. Petrillo had of
fered to meet with them on any 01
four days beginning September 8.
Today's message to Mr. Petrillc
said that "in view of the public im
portance of this issue. iwe> desire
our meeting to be held as early ai
possible.”
The message was signed by Marl
Woods, American Broadcasting Co.
Frank Stanton, Columbia Broad
casting System; Edgar Kobak, Mu
tual Broadcasting System, and Nile!
Trammell, National Broadcasts
Co. _
Grubb Named Professoi
At Maryland University
Kenneth A. Grubb. 2 East Sau
road, Kensington. Md., has beer
appointed professor of advertising
and retail store management at th<
University of Maryland College oi
Business and Public Administration
it was announced today.
Formerly with George Washingtor
University, and a past president ol
the Washington Chapter, Americar
Marketing Association, Mr. Grubt
has worked with the War Asset)
Administration, the Office of Civil
ian Requirements. thi,War Produc
tion Board and the Bureau of Labor
Statistics.
18-Month-Old Baby
Found Floating in Surf
Revived and Lives
By th« Associated Press
OCEANSIDE. Calif., Aug.
27.—An unconscious baby, iden
tified later as 18-month-old
Suzanne Marie Rodriquez, was
swept ashore yesterday at the
feet of a fisherman.
The fisherman, L. D. Hurl
burt, began applying artificial
respiration. Lt. Dick Trotter of
the fire department quickly ar
rived with a resuscltator. He
administered oxygen and the
child's eyes fluttered open.
Her parents, Mr. and Mrs.
Renaldo Rodriquez of Los An
geles, told police the child had
toddled away from their tent
without being missed. She was
released from the hospital last
night.
CLEAN LINENS—Dr. Alvin R. Sweeney, Gallinger Hospital superintendent, looks on while laun
| dry workers pile up baby pads from a new $12,000 flat work ironer as the hospital inaugurated
its new laundry today. The ironer, with a 250-degree heat, presses and sterilizes linens.
—Star Staff Photo.
Gallinger's $180,000 Laundry
Starts Solving Big Wash Problem
Gallinger Hospital, where every
day is wash day, had its laundry
problem licked this morning, when
its new $180,000 laundry began
turning out freshly washed clothes
and linens.
When all ot the hospital's new
laundry equipment has been in
stalled by next month, Gallinger
will be entirely self-sufficient in Its
washing needs.
Until now, the municipal hospital,
which averages 58,886 pieces of
soiled clothing a week, has had to
send out part of each week's laun
dry to Glenn Dale Sanatorium and
Lorton Reformatory.
] According to Dr. Alvin R.
! Sweeney, Gallinger superintendent,
this has cost the institution more
than $20 000 a year.
Construction of the new laundry
was made possible when Congress
! authorized the building of a new
1 hospital kitchen completed two
j years ago. The old kitchen in the
j Stlrgery Building and several dining
rooms which had adjoined it were
then remodeled . In ejrlv 1946 to
adapt them for laundry use.
Guard Against Contagion.
The new laundry is located Across
j the hall from the old one, which will
continue to be used for sorting and
marking linens as it comes in.«
The most important aspect of a
hospital's laundry problem is to
make sure no contagion is spread
from diseased patients. This fea
ture attention, in
the new-teurainrwfiwe manual con
tact by laundry workers is reduced
to a minimum and temperatures
are regulated to keep them safely
above, tfce stejdjiptttoQ .point. _
Dirty linen and clothing is taken
in the new laundry to one of seven
large washing machines, where it
is thoroughly scrubbed for about
] 25 fninutes in water as hot as 190
degrees. Tnen jaunary workers
place It In a basket, hook the basket
to an overhead cable and It Is
automatically carried to an “ex
tractor.” *
There, It is whirled about for 12
minutes at great speed until it is
nearly dry, picked up on another
conveyor and carried to a series of
rollers, which complete the drying
process. Clothing that needs iron
ing is given the finishing touches on
a lumber of ironing machines.
To Shift More Equipment.
Today, only one of the rolling
machines ' was in operation. The
.other must be transferred from the
old laundry room and reassembled,
a process expected to take three or
four weeks. As soon as it is in place,
the Gallinger laundry will be able
to handle all the hospital’s wash.
Linen from the operating room
now is marked green, and hospital
authorities hope to give each de
partment a similar distinguishing
mark to facilitate sorting.
Transfer to the new laundry
room has enabled the hospital, by
increasing its staff from 40 to 45,
to eliminate completely the night
shift formerly employed on laun
dry work. The greater capacity is
made possible by an increase in
the number of washing and rolling
machines, the greater mechaniza
tion of the washing process and the
provision of more space in which
to operate.
According to Dr. Sweeney, the
new laundry can handle not only
the washing needs of the present
hospital but will be able to take
pare of an expansion’ to S,000 pa
tients if long-range plans for Gal
linger’s enlargement are carried
out. > The new kitchen and boiler
plant also were built with the en
larged capacity in view.
Army Names Dr. Marvin
Acting Head of Research
i Dr. Cloyd Heck Marvin, president
of George Washington University,
has been appointed acting director
of the War Department’s research
and development division, the War
Department announced today. He
is the first civilian to hold this post.
Dr. Marvin replaced Maj. Gen.
Robert S. Aurand, who is on sick
leave. The university president has
been serving as deputy director of
the division since last September.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Qloudy with
brief periods of drizzle or light rain
this afternoon. Highest temperature
near 80. Cloudy tonight with lowest
around 70. Cloudy tomorrow morn
ing becoming sunny and warmer in
afternoon.
Virginia—Cloudy with occasional
drizzle or light rain this afternoon.
Mostly cloudy tonight and tomor
row morning becoming partly cloudy
and warmer tomorrow afternoon.
Maryland — Cloudy with some
scattered drizzle or light rain
this afternoon. Mostly cloudy and
slightly cooler tonight and tomorrow
morning becoming partly cloudy and
somewhat warmer tomorrow after
noon.
.I wind velocity, 14 mnes per nour.
direction, north-northeast.
District Medical Society ragweed
pollen count for 24 hours ending
9:30 a.m. August 27—37 grains per
cubic yard of air—Incomplete due to
rain.
River Report
(From United Ststes Knglneers )
Potomac River muddy at Harper* Perry
and at Great Falls: Shenandoah muddy at
Harpers Perry.
Homidltr.
Yesterday. Per Cent Today. Per Cent.
Noon _52 Midnight _89
4 p m. _49 8 a m. _89
8 P.m. _ 89 1:30 p.m. _ 82
Record Temperatares This Tear.
Highest, 96. on August 14.
Lowest. 7, on February S.
High and Low of Lost 24 Hour*.
Sigh. 93. at 8:08 p.m.
>w. 73, at 8:44 a.m.
Tida Tablet.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow
Hiah _ 5:42 a.m. 6:34 a.m.
Low _12.48 p.m. 1:37 pm.
High _ 6:16 p m. 7:07 P m.
Low _12:54 a.m. _p.m.
Tha Ban aad Moon.
Rise a. Sets.
Sun, today _ 6:32 7:47
Sun. tomorrow_ 6:33 7:45
Moon, today _ 6:56 p.m. 2:17 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned oa
one-half hour after sunaet.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in Inches in tha
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1947 Average. Record.
tsnuary _ 3.18 3.55 7.83 '37
February _ 1.27 3.37 6.84 '84
Marco _ l.OS 3.76 8.84 91
Aorit __ 2.48 3.27 9.13 *9
May _ 4.44 3.70 19.69 '89
Juna _ 6 86 4.13 10.94 18.
July .. 3.47 4 71 10.63 '86
August _ 1.28 4.01 14.41 '28
September - - 8.24 17.45 '34
ijj J:§ $
December - — 3.32 7.5# 01
Temperatures In Variant Cities.
High Low. High. Low.
Albuquerque 84 63 Miami g8 78
Atlanta 89 69 Milwaukee . 72 o.t
Atl'tlc City 84 72 New Orleans 91 74
Bismarck _ BP 52 New York.- 92 68
Boston_ PO 63 Norfolk 94 ,2
Buffalo_ 73 54 Okie. City. 88
Chicago .. 76 Omaha_ 83 66
Cincinnati- 8: 66 phoenix 106 68
Detroit_ ■' Plttaburgh go 65
Jf Paso_ P’land. Me. 85 56
Galvetton . ■ Louis '3
Harrlsburt Lake City 66
Indianapojls inAntonlo <4
Kansas City French 66
Log Anglei . attlg-- 54
Louisville_ irapa*. 71
Bond Set for Mother
Accused of Choking Baby
A 7-month-old baby allegedly
choked by its mother last night
was reported in critical condition at
Gallinger Hospital today.
The mother, Mrs. Menrietta Fay
Curry, 24, of 1286 Morse street N.E.,
was held under $10,000 bond in
Municipal Court today on charges
of assault with intent to kill.
Assistant United States Attorney
John B. Diamond i’ll recommended
a medical examination of Ajlrs.
Curry,
The alleged attack on the child,
Richard Keith Allen, took place
about 11:30 p.m., police said, and
grew out of an argument between
Mrs. Curry and her husband, Dale
Curry, 25, a railroad brakeman.
Police said Mrs. Curry told them
her husband had threatened to have
authorities take the baby away from
her.
The woman was charged at the
ninth precinct and held overnight
at the Women s Bureau.
Chinese Plane Jettisons
Huge Cargo of Currency
By the Associated Press
SHANGHAI, Aug. 27.—Pilot Rob
ert Rousselot of Noel, Mo„ jettisoned
& huge cargo of Chinese currency
Monday when his Chinese National
Relief and Rehabilitation Adminis
tration plane developed engine
trouble en route from Canton to
Peishiyi, in Western China. I
The Shanghai office of the Chi
nese Air Transport Service said
five cases of the money had been
recovered and flyers were searching
for the rest. The service, for which
Mr. Rousselot is a pilot, said it did
not know how much money was
involved but other sources said such
shipments usually were valued at
$1,000,000 (United States).
The service reported that one
engine failed after Mr. Rousselot
left Liuchow, Kwangsi province, and
the pilot probably would have
crashed into the mountains had he
not jettisoned the load. The cur
rency was being taken to Peishiyi
for the Central Bank of China
for trucking to nearby Chungking
Randolph to Address Rotary
Jennings Randolph, assistant to
the president of Capital Airlines,
1 will speak on “Aviation Builds a
Better World" at the Arlington Ro
tary Club's luncheon at 12:30 p.m.
tomorrow at the Washington Golf
and Country Club.
tubovER
LUMBER
Builds Satisfaction
Dozen Planes to Fly
Qualifying Runs for
Thompson Race Today
By th« Associated Press
CLEVELAND Aug, 27. —Timing
crews at the National Air Races ex
pected a busy session today, with
about a dozen planes lined up for
two-lap qualifying runs around the
15-mile Thompson course.
Only two planes qualified for the
$40,000 race which will feature the
Labor Day program during the first
two days assigned for the speed
trials. However, pilots showed more
eagerness to get their planes into
the air after officials reminded them
there will be no exceptions to the
5 pun. Friday deadline.
The second bail-out by a race pilot
increased interest at the box office,
where officials had noted less crowd
ing tjian a year ago.
Claude P. Smith of Reidsville,
N. C., 23-year-old pilot-mechanic,
deserted his midget racer, a red and
white hand-built model entered in
the $25,000 Goodyear classic, When
the left wing failed during a tjrial
flight late yesterday. It was Smith’s
first parachute jump, but he did it
like a veteran and landed safely
near the small heap of splintered
wood, torn fabric and bent metal
that had been the Falcon Special.
The rate of arrivals of racing
pilots, mechanics and planes in
creased rapidly yesterday apd
should reach a peak by tonight.
Among the day's newcomers are
Dot Lemon of Oklahoma City, red
haired and youthful-looking mother,
with four sons in military service
during the war, whb arrived in a
slicked tip'AT-6 Texan, to fly in
the Halle Trophy race for women
Saturday. The race is restricted to
AT-6s, »an intermediate trainer type
used by both the Army Air Forces
and the Navy. Miss Lemon finished
fifth last year.
Another Halle contender who
came in during the night is Jane
Page of Wilmettfe, 111. She finished
second by less than a second last
year. After qualifying her plane,
Miss Page intends to return to the
, West Coast by airline, fly back Sat
urday morning in the $25,000 Bendix
cross-country race, then rest for an
hour and race in the women's event.
U. S. Approves Plans
For Atomic Control
By tK« Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 27.—The
United' States today approved a
series of proposals for formation
and operation of an international
agency for control of atomic energy.
This country was the first to take
such action.
Frederick H. Osborn, American
representative on the U. N. Atomic
Energy Commission, also expressed
this country's regret that the Soviet
Union took no part in drawing up
the papers.
Mr. Osborn made a brief state
ment to the Political Committee of
the United Nations Atorplc Energy
Commission when it began formal
consideration of the working'papers
drawn up by committees of dele
gates. The papers will form the
I basis of the commission’s second
report to the Security Council, due
September 15.
Russia’s Andrei A. Gromyko said
he preferred to hear the views of
other delegates before stating Rus
sia’s position.
The Political Committee today be
gan the final stages of work on the
second report. , -
Lone $2 Bettor lakes
$7,711 Daily Double
By th* Auociatod Pralf
DADE PARK, Ky„ Aug. 27— One
lucky—or skilled—student of racing
"orm walked off with the entire
daily double pool at this little Ken
tucky track yesterday. *The uniden
tified $2 bettor picked up $7,711.20
for coupling Hollybon in the first
race with Last Waltz in the second.
Mutuel payoffs were $31 on HolTy
bon and $3320 on Last Waltz. It
was the largest daily double in
Dade Park history and the fourth
largest ever paid in this country.
The top is the $10,772.40 at Wash
ington Park in August of 1939.
BRICK
ONE OR A MILLION
From the Famous
SHENANDOAH VALLEY
• ALASKA *
COAL & BRICK
COMPANY
NA. 5885 CH. 7700
S
i
500 Truce Violations
Charged to Indonesia
As Dutch Losses Rise
By th« Associated Press
BATAVI£, Aug. 27—Netherlands
army headquarters accused the In
donesian Republican Army today of
500 separate violations of the United
Nations cease-fire order which be
came effective August 4, and listed
85 Dutch, soldiers as killed, 234
wounded and 2 missing since that
date.
These casualties, a communique
declared,' compared with 24 killed,
178 wounded and 16 missing during
the two weeks of active military
operations which preceded the truce.
Eight Dutch soldiers were reported
killed and 14 wounded yesterday
alone.
The Netherlands, meanwhile, took
another step toward formation of a
projected United States of Indo
nesia by announcing establishment
of the self-governing territory of
East Borneo, which embraces the
rich oil regions of Balikpapan and
Tarakan.
West Borneo and East Indonesia
previously had been set up by the
Dutch as self-governing units.
Acting Governor General Hu
bertus J. van Mook of the Nether
lands East Indies, who flew to Sa
marinda yesterday to install the first
federated council of East Borneo,
Indicated that Dutch plans for the
new federal government called for
a division of the territory heretofore
claimed by the Indonesian repub
lic. >f
"Today’s ceremony,” Dr. van Mook
declared, "is another step toward
the constitutional Reorganization of
Borneo and the whole of Indonesia.
"In Borneo. East Indonesia, Banka
Billitorf artd the Riouw Archipelago
the way has been followed whereby
real authority and order have not
been undermined. Let us hope also
that in West and East Java, in the
Palembang area of South Sumatra
and the east coast of Sumatra a way
of strong construction will soon be
laid.”
All the areas he mentioned, except
Borneo and East Indonesia, origin
ally had been considered a part of
the Indonesian republic under the
Cheribon agreement.
Safe Stolen in Arlington;
Alexandria Effort Fails
Theft of a safe in Arlington and
an attempt to steal another in Alex
andria were reported by police
today.
In Arlington, thieves carried away
a small safe from Manning's Serv
ice Station, Wilson boulevard and
North Garfield street,last night. The
safe contained an undetermined
amount of cash and some papers,
Capt. Hugh Jones, Arlington detec
tive chief, said. Entrance to the
service station was made by smash
ing a lock on the front doer.
In Alexandria, thieves roljed a
heavy safe about 30 feet across a
room in the Beachcomber Restau
rant, but abandoned it at a window
without opening it. Detective Chief
Russell Hawes said the robbers, who
took a quantity of wine, beer and
cigars, apparently were frightened
away or became discouraged at the
weight of the safe. The restaurant
is on the water front at the foot of
Prince stregiy ; ,,. „ f , j
Boy From Africa af Hopkins
Seeking to Regain Speech
By th» Associated Press
BALTIMORE, Aug. 27.—Johns
Hopkins Hospital doctors yesterday
examined a 12-year-old boy flown
from South Africa in the hope they
can restore the power of speech he
lost nine years ago.
The boy, Douglas, and his parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Bert Suthlerland,
arrived in the United States after
a flight from Bloemfontein in the
Orange Free State <
The father, a railroad clerk, said:
“Our boy has been afflicted for
nine years. When he was 3,
he underwent a very minor opera
tion, but. suffered some sort of
mental shock.
“He has never spoken since.”
The father said doctors believe
the problem of restoring his boy’s
speech is psychiatric.
-----1
Veteran Kegams
Car Stolen While
On Vacation Trip
Members of the police auto squad
today wrote a happy ending to the
Washington vacation trip of two
veterans and their wives which was
nearly spoiled when thieves stole
their car last Friday.
Police reported they recovered the
1941 Ford sedan belonging to Clar
ence Martin, 21, of South Bend, Ind.,
in the 1400 block of Orren street N.E.
It was undamaged, they said.
When the theft of the car from
Tenth and B streets N.E., was re
ported by Mr. Martin, a Navy vet
eran now attending Notre Dame, ln
estigating officers found a 1937 Ford,
also stolen, in its place. The swap
did not appeal to Mr. Martin.
He was accompanied to Washing
ton by his wife, his brother-in-law,
Robert Lee, 16, and Mr. and Mrs.
Rice Nutting, Wheaton, HI.
The visitors have been staying
with Mr. Martin’s parents at 134
Tenth street N.E. The veterans plan
to return to the Mid-west tomorrow.
The other car recovered was re
turned to its owner, Orris Butler,
1710 Gales street N.E.
Legless Veteran Wins
Michigan House Race,
Defeating Democrat
By itt* Associated P»ess
SAULT STE. MARIE, Mich:, Aug.
27.—Charles E. Potter. 34. legless
war veteran who won his first politi
cal campaign by a big margin,
planned today to get an early start
on his duties as new Republican
Representative from Michigan's 11th
congressional district.
He was elected yesterday over
Harold D. Beaton, 41, also a for
mer serviceman. Late returns gave
Mr. Potter, a native of Cheboygan,
12,652 votes from 230 of 289 pre
clnts of the Northern Michigan
area, bompared to 5,624 for the
former Mackinac County prosecutor
from St. Ignace.
Mr. Potter, who will fill the seat
vacated by the death of Representa
tive Fred A. Bradley, also a Repub
lican, said the victory made him
feel "both proud and humble," and
announced:
"I intend to show my gratitude by
leaving for Washington within the
fortnight so as to begin work im
mediately in the best interests of my
district.”
His Democratic opponent, whose
platform favoring greater benefits,
for former servicemen and opposing
communism was similar to Mr. Pot
ter's, conceded defeat with the;
words: "I am glad I lost to a fellow
veteran ”
When he takes his seat in Con
gress, Mr. Potter will join another
legless House member, William J.
Miller, Republican, of Connecticut,
who lost both legs as an aviator
in World War I.
Mr. Potter was a Labor Depart
ment official here from December
last year until he resigned in April
to entef the congressional race.
He had been an aide to Edward P.
Chester, who was assistant admin
istrator of the Labor Department's
Retraining and Re-employment Ad
ministration in charge of rehabili
tation.
He and Mrs. Potter retain an
apartment at 1513 East Falkland
lane. Silver Spring, Md.
Mr. Potter lost both legs when,
while leading • the 109th Infantry;
Battalion of the 28th Division, he
was wounded near Colmar, France,
in January, 1945, by a land mine.
He was a patient at Walter Reed
Hospital here from November, 1945,
until last summer. He was sep
arated from active service as a
major. _
Iranian Envoy in Moscow
Reported Due !o Go Home
By Iht A**ociat«d Press
MOSCOW, Aug. 27. — Prince
Mozaffer Firouz, Iranian Ambassa
dor to Moscow, was reported today
to be packing his personal belong
ings and putting his affairs in order
before returning to Teheran.
This dispatch gave no indication
of the reason for Plrouz’s impending
return home, but as long ago as last
June sources close to the Teheran
government were quoted as saying
that his dismissal was imminent.
• Dispatches from Teheran have
suggested some tension between the
Russian and Iranian governments
over the latter's delqy.ln ratifying
a 1946 agreement granting the soviet
Union cil concessions in Northern
Iran. Action on the agreement is
now pending before the Iranian
parliament. .'
Two West Virginia Mines
Ordered Closed as Unsafe
Ey tho Associated Press
BECKLEY, W. Va„ Aug. 27.—
Raleigh County’s two largest coal
mines, employing approximately 600
men were idle today because the
West Virginia State Mines Depart
ment considered them unsafe.
The closing order was issued by
Arch J. Alexander, State mines
chief. He said there was insufficient
rock dusting at the affirjjty mine of
the Lillybrook Coal Co., employing
296 men, and the Crab Orchard
mine of the Gulf Mining Co., em
ploying 280.
Mr. Alexander made a personal
inspection of the mines,'located in
the heart of Southern West Vir
ginia's bituminous field.
President George J. Titler of
United Mine Workers District 29,
who said Mr. Alexanders action
was the first such step ever taken
by a State mines department chief,
declared the closures “will save
many lives.”
Mr. Titler said air samples from
all mines in his district are being
taken and will be analyzed by the
State mines department laboratory.:
*He said this may result in other
shutdowns.
Thief Who Missed Gems
Returns Loew Clothing
Ey th« Associated Press
BOSTON, Aug. 27.—A remorseful
thief, who missed jewelry valued at
$42,500 in looting the automobile of
Mrs. Elias M. Loew, wife of the
| operator of a chain of Boston
theaters, directed police yesterday
to clothing worth $400 stolen from
| the car.
In a note saying, “I was drunk;
am returning all,” the thief directed
| authorities to a locker in the Park
3quare bus terminal where they
found the clothing in a suitcase.
The Jewelry was locked in a rear
1 compartment of the car when it
was entered early yesterday.
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Chicago to Probe
Jailing of Baker
Who Ate in Public
By the Associated Press
CHICAGO. Aug. 27—A Chicago
Bar Association Committee and a
State prosecutor today were in
vestigating the case of Albert Yoos,
45-year-old baker, who on August
19 was sent to jail in lieu of a $200
fine Imposed after he was found
eating some bread and frankfurters
in a vacant lotf He was charged
with disorderly conduct.
Yoos, who had $1,530 on his per
son. was fined $200 by Judge Justin
P. McCarthy of Municipal Court
and has since been serving out the
time at the rate of $2 a day rather
than pay it.
Leon M. Despres, vice chairman
of the Bar Association Committee
on defense of prisoners, said his
group felt Yoos got a "raw deal"
and that he had found no evidence
that the German-bom baker had
committed any offense to Justify
the fine. v
Maurice J. Mettel. assistant State’s
attorney, who is investigating,
termed the fine a "gross miscarriage
of justice.”
"The worst Yoos should have been
given,” Mr. Mettle said, "was a
mental examination.”
At the time of the hearing, Yoos
said he was unemployed and had
been evicted from his rooming
house. The $1,530 was his life
savings.
Finnish Planes, Boats
Hunt Missing Trio
By th* Associated Press
HELSINKI, Aug. 27. — Finnish
planes and patrol boats searched
a wide area of the Gi^lf of Fin
land today lor the 30-loot sailing
yacht Sea Shark, which vanished
three weeks ago with two Amer
ican students and a British artist
aboard.
The craft left Stockholm. Swe
den, July 26, and had been ex
pected back there 12 days ago.
Swedish and Finnish newspapers
have speculated that the party
might have drifted into the Rus
sian Porkkala zone or into waters
of the Estonian Soviet Republic
Official Finnish inquires to Rus
sian' authorities in Porkkala have
not yet been answered.
An official said the Sea Shark
did not call at the Baroesund Pilot
Station,'Usually passed by all ves
sels bound for Helsinki by the in
ner route, which is near the Rus
sian area.
The missing trio. are Robert
Storch, 25, former United States
Army sergeant from Newark, N. J.;
Miss Ann Bloomenfeld, 20, of San
Rafael, Calif., and Gordon Thomas
McGill Lawson, 32, the Briton.
U. S. Urged to Operate
Coal Mines in Ruhr
ly th« Associated Press
Representative Kelley, Democrat,
of Pennsylvania describing coal as
the key to European econamlc re
covery. proposed today that- the
United States take over the German
Ruhr mine's from the British and
"get the coal production job done."
Back from Europe, where he at
tended the recent International
Labor Conference, Mr. Kelley also
told reporters:
1. There is “a good deal of fear”
of a new war and “I don’t see how
things can go on indefinitely there
without leading to conflict. I feel
Russia doesn’t want war but is
promoting our failure over there,
hopeful we will pull out so they can
move in.” For that reason ”we can’t
pull ouk”
2. The Marshall plan for Euro
pean aid would go a long way toward
answering the problem of restoring
the economy.
3-. The United States might well
invest more money in European re
covery to shorten the occupation
job to 15 to 20 years. The occupa
tion might go on for 75 years "if we
continue as we are doing now in
Europe. We are not doing much to
build up the economy.”
Of Ruhr coal production, Mr. Kel
ley said it is only about one-half the
pre-war level. He said the British
blame the situation on food and
housing shortages and added:
"We should relieve the British of
all responsibility for Ruhr coal pro
duction. They can’t operate their
own mines. How can we expect
them to operate the Ruhr? We are
footing the bill anyway. We should
send our technicians over there.
They would get the job done."
Ship Held in Baltimore
After Search for Arms
By tti» A»iociot»d Pr««
BALTIMORE, Aug. 27.—A con
verted infantry landing craft was
being held under guard at a piei
here after a fruitless search by
customs officials for arms and am
munition.
In Washington, a State Depart
ment spokesman said the ship h
being detained in line with the de
partment request to the Federa
Bureau of Investigation to prevent
the possible use of American aoi
“as a jumping off place for revolu
tions in other countries."
Capt. Dowell Sherwood, Puerti
Rican skipper of the large landinj
craft, said the customs search wa:
mpde Monday.
Chennault's Speech,
Banned by Army,
Broadcast in U. S.
By Associated Press
NEW 'ORLEANS, Aug. 27.—The
recent Air Force day address of
Claire L. Chennault, retired major
general, criticizing congressional In
ertia, which was banned from the
Army station in China, was broad
cast today in the United States.
Gen. Chennault warned that what
he called official conservatism “is
one of the greatest foreseeable
hazards to the development of our
air power.”
On request of former Gov. James
A. Noe of Louisiana. Gen. Chennault
sent a copy of the speech for broad- .
cast over the Noe stations, WNOE
j at New Orleans, KNOE, Monroe, La.,
and other radio stations desiring a
transcript of the talk.
In his speech, the former Flying
! Tigers commander warned that
neither tradition nor inertia
"should be allowed to characterize
any aspect of our national defense.”
adding that the danger of conserva
tism could not be laid at the doors
of the aeronautical engineers, de
| signers or technicians.
i uiiaiiru upsk i «nservaiwm.
“It is rather the conservatism
that sits at polished desks and in
legislative halls in Washington,”
Gen. Chennault said.
"It is the* penny-wise and pound
foolish conservatism that would
rather spend hasty billions in war
time tor catch up than invest mil
lions in peacetime to keep abreast
of technical advanced.”
Gen. Chennault further scored
conservatism "that prepares for the
possibility of the next war with the
weapons and tactics of the last;
and the conservatism of those
charged with planning our pre
paredness who once saw aircraft
only, as a means of reconnaissance
and observation, and not as a
superlative weapon.”?
“The United States can ill af
, ford any lag between technical de
velopments in the air and their
practical application to oiir national
defense," Chennault said.
Time Running Out.
“And we can much less afford
to Ignore these developments as
we have tended to do several times
in the past. There Was a time
when we could dawdle and quibble
and postpone. That time is fast
2 unning out.”
In repeating the text of his ad
dress, Gen. Chennault commented
that “it so happened the record
was never broadcast as intended.”
He add.ed:
"As I said in my only public
statement on the suppression of
that speech, I regret that what I
| had to say should ,have caused any
! embarrassment, but I felt even
more deeply the necessity of say
ing it.”
MaJ. Gen. John P. Liffcas. com
manding the United States mili
tary advisory group in China, re
fused permission for broadcast of
the speech over the Armed Force*
Radio Station in Nanking.
Admiral Byrd Reported
Improved at Hospital
Sy th* As»o<i9t«d Prill ,
BALTIMORE, Aug. 2T.rJofcns
Hopkins Hospital reported today
"considerable Improvement" in the
condition pi Rear Admiral Ric/iard
E. Byrd, Antarctic explorer who en
tered the institution last, Friday
night lor diagnosis and treatment
ol a “medical condition.”
A hospital spokesman said Ad
miral Byrd was resting .comfortably
today and doctors are "completely
satisfied” with his progress.
Attending physicians have de
clined to detail the nature of his ill
ness beyond a statement that it does
not involve surgery'.
Lineage in Newspapers
Gains 10.7% in July
By the Associct*d Press
NEW YORK, Aug. 27.—Newspaper
advertising lineage in 52 cities dur
ing July totaled 145,262,633. an in- y
crease of 10.7 per cent over the 131,
279,664 reported in the same month,
a year ago, a summary by Media
Records showed today.
For the first seven months this
year the total of 1,096,484,(159 was
16.6 per cent ahead of 940,162,948 in
the same period of 1946.
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