SPEED FLYERS RECEIVE AWARDS—John N. Brown, Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air,
shown presenting gold stars in lieu of second Distinguished Flying Crosses to Comdr. Turner F.
Caldwell, jr. (left), of 625 N. Oakland street, Arlington, Va., and Maj. Marlon E. Carl of Woodburn,
Oreg., for establishing new world speed records in the jet-powered Navy Skystreak. Maj. Carl flew
the plane 650.6 miles an hour last Monday, five days after Comdr. Caldwell flew it 640.7 miles an
hour. The flights were made at Muroc, Calif. (From yesterday’s last edition.) —AP Photo.
Biggest U. 5. Bombers
To Continue Shuttling
Abroad This Winter
By th* Associated Press
The United States will keep its
biggest bombers shuttling between
home bases and those in occupied
Germany and Japan throughout the
These “rotational" training flights,
tried experimentally this summer,
i are evolving into a permanent and
major part of the Army Air Forces’
Satisfied with the experimental
( operations during the summer
months, the AAF intends to keep
the program going on an all
weather, year-around basis, offi
cials indicated today.
Drastic Changes Made.
While AAF leaders are reluctant
to discuss overseas strength, it is
known that economy requirements
and a changing strategic concept
have brought about drastic changes
in the air-power picture abroad.
Persons visiting Europe In recent
months have noted that virtually
the only United States bombard
ment aviation there are the B-29
training missions making visits
varying from a few weeks to several
months. However, the schedule of
t^ese training missions now has
been stepped up to the point where
elements of the long-range bomber
force are almost constantly present
In the European theater.
The situation of the air forces in
the Pacific is understood to be
somewhat better tnan in Europe
and there, too, the rotational train
• ing plan is bolstering the potential
striking force guarding the western
approaches to the United States.
Strategy Year Old.
The new strategy—a force of "very
heavy bombardment” aircraft based
in the United States but equipped
and trained to hustle to any men
aced spot in the world—began to
emerge a year ago with the creation
of the Strategic Air Command. Its
orders are to be “prepared to con
duct long-range operations in any
part of the world, at any time, either
independently or in co-operation:
with land and sea forces • •
In recent months the AAF has,
disclosed plans to spot elements ef
the strategic air force at bas$s lo
cated on both coasts and in the
Midwest and Rocky Mountain area.;
From such of these bases as are
already in use the training flights
to Europe and Japan are being
launched. Air crews flying the mis
sions are learning the routes, the
weather and the terrain of over
seas areas for use if some future
The rotation plan is expected to
of useu in i ne rtiasis.au aeiense
plan as well as for the overseas
areas. For the purposes of expand
ing the program there, as well as
for the obvious reason of building
perimeter defense installation, the
AAF is constructing a series of bases
in Alaska. Provisions of the engi
neering contract for one at Mile 26
indicate that aircraft as large as
the giant B-36 can be operated.
Training operations in Alaska, to
give flight and maintenance crews
experience under rigorous Arctic
conditions, have been under way \
for several months, with both B-29
and jet-fighter groups participating'
Payments on your home are j
made easy by renting a room, j
Renting a room is made easy |
by advertising in The Star. I
Call National 5000. Open 8 1
a.nv. to 9 p.m. I
UMW Renews Attack
On Boyd, Sworn In as
Mine Bureau Chief
By th« Associated Press
John L. Lewis’ United Mine
Workers’ Union h&s flred a new
blast at President Truman's ap
j pointment of James Boyd as direc
I tor of the Bureau of Mines and
I declared that Mr. Truman "seems
to have a happy faculty for pulling
Mr. Boyd, a former dean of the
Colorado School of Mines at Golden,
was sworn in yesterday on an in
terim appointment made while
Congress is in recess. He was orig
inally nominated for the post by
Mr. Truman last March, but Con
gress failed to confirm him after
Mr. Lewis bitterly protested the
The UMW Journal also criticized
Secretary of the Interior Krug for
the Boyd appointment, saying in an
"All through this prolonged Boyd
mess and the imposing of the Boyd
incompetency upon the coal business,
we have been -amazed at the appar
ent influence that Playboy Krug has
with President Truman.
“We have asked a number of
Washington observers why President
Truman falls for Krug, and it is as
much of a mystery to them as it is
to us,” the editorial continued.
"If the President believes that
Playboy Krug, wltfct f squirt men
tality and balloonlasd physique, can
deliver the Western vote by his
clumsy and crude administration of
reclamation funds, then he is cer
tainly the only one who believes
The editorial asserted that Mr.
Krug "persuaded the President” to
appoint Mr. Boyd aa chief of the
mines bureau although Mr. Boyd
lacked direct knowledge of the coal;
Meanwhile, Mr. Boyd reported
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Special Rates for Hunting Parties.
Write: A. M. Gaudy, mgr.
I that an Inventory of American re
| sources for world aid under* the
i Marshall plan may be submitted
soon to Mr. Truman. '
“Our report will be in final draft
form by next week," Mr. Boyd told
Mr. Boyd directed a committee,
appointed by Secretary Krug at the
request of* President Truman, to
survey resources on which the
Nation might safely draw in pro
moting world rehabilitation, par
ticularly in Western Europe, along
lines proposed by Secretary of State,
Gov. wniiam Bradford of the
Massachusetts colony was the
founder of the Thanksgiving festi
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Quoddy Benefit Plan
Ruled Out by WAA
■y th* AMsciatcd Frns
EASTPtJKT, Me., Aug. 38.—East
port's plan to convert Quoddy Village
Into a displaced persons Industrial
training center last night was ruled
Ineligible by the War Assets Admin
istration for “public benefit allow
ances.” a vital financial factor In the
municipality's bid for the property.
City officials had hoped to acquire
the village, a Government surplus
property, valued at $396,055, for far
below that amount because of the
nature of the plan for Its use.
WAA’s stand was made known In
a closed meeting at the village of
seven Federal officials, among them
Robert Whittet, WAA’s director of
the nonindustrial real property divi
sion, and city representatives.
After the conference, a joint state
ment was issued which said an
analysis by WAA and advisory agen
cies had found the plan to be "essen
tially industrial rather than educa
tional in character.” •
City officials planned to seek fur
ther WAA consideration in a Wash
ington meeting which will be called
when an amended bid is made.
Under the city’s proposal, the vil
lage that cost $1,000,000 ;wpuld be
acquired by it and then placed under
supervision of a syndicate headed
by Frank E. Cohen, New York and
Philadelphia tractor manufacturer
for training of European displaced
The DP’s would not be paid wages
and after six months' training would
be sent to South America. Their
production, tractors and other lm?
plements, also would be exported to
Admiral Byrd Much Better
BALTIMORE, Aug. 28 </P).—Rear
Admiral *Richard E. Byrd was re
ported “considerably improved” by
physicians at the Johns Hopkins
Hospital yesterday. Officials did
not detail his illness beyond stating
it is hot a surgical condition.
Ten Agricultural students from
India are studying dfliry science at
colleges in New Zealand.
33 - . \ _ . T .l
Marriage of Youth, 17, |
To Divorcee, 42, Blocked
ly th» AMoclatcd friu
PITTSBURGH, Aug. 28.—Alle
gheny County authorities have
stepped in to prevent the wedding
today of a 17-year-old youth and a
. John M. Huston, register of wills,
yesterday refused to grant a mar
riage license to George Mikszan, an
apprentice pressman, and Mra. Alice
B. Thompson, employe of a sausage
The couple still may appeal, ac
cording to Judge Thomas P. Trimble
of Orphans’ Court. Evidence in the
case will not be made public unless
such an appeal is taken, the jurist
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