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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 31, 1947, Image 4

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Russian Ratification
Of Pacts Hints Help
For 3 to Join U. N.
By tht Associated Press
MOSCOW, Aug. 30.—Centra
Soviet press organs today hailec
Russian ratification of the peact
treaties for Romania, Hungary, Bul
garia, Finland and Italy as a majoi
step in organizing peace, and madf
it clear Moscow considers three ol
the five ready to take their place ir
a new society which will little re
semble prewar times.
It appeared certain that the three
—Romania, Hungary and Bulgaria
—would have the backing of the
Soviet Union for membership in
the United Nations.
“The life of the peoples of such
countries as Bulgaria, Romania and
Hungary,” said Izvestia, government
newspaper, reveals that the peace
treaties serve as an additional lever
towards radical reorganization of
the economic and cultural life fully
\ corresponding to the job of demo
, cratic development of the mentioned
Fascism Charged in Italy.
Pravda, Communist Party organ,
left no doubt which of the five na
i tions Russia considered might not
! be ready to go forward in the new
way of life.
' “Rgretfully,” said the Pravda edi
torial, “the ability of the ruling
circles of Italy to finish with the
survival of Fascism causes doubts,”
The two editorials made no men
tion of Finland in this connection.
Indications were that now the
five treaties have been ratified by
Russia, last of the big victor powers
to do so, there would be no delay
in depositing the peace treaties and
placing them in effect normally. An
( authoritative American source said
the depositing of the documents
i definitely would be carried out in
the near future.
TSm a Am T\«/ilnuAiV T T*. r* m WT A r% MAMI*
, Izvestia said the responsibility of
the Allies toward the defeated na
tions was to strengthen the “uni
versal democratic peace” but in “in
ternational reactionary circles” in
“Britain and the United States there
j was a “tendency towards achieving
: Just the opposite.”
• During the drafting of the peace
t treaties’, the newspaper said, "there
were efforts to use the peace treaties
Ias weapons for procuring decisive
political and economic influence in
the conquered nations. At that time
f these reactionary circles actually
’ tried to achieve the restoration of
' prewar conditions in Europe when
the small states served as pawns in
the rivalry of the big powers. The
^ Soviet representatives and other
(supporters of a sound peace ham
pered these efforts.”
Russian Confidence Seen
In Quick Treaty Approval
Russia’s unexpectedly quick rati
fication of peace treaties with five
former Axis partners is viewed by
American diplomatic authorities • as
evidence Moscow now feels she has
a firm clutch on Eastern Europe.
A national election in Hungary
today promises, they say, a
triumphant climax to a campaign
to rivet Soviet control on the east-,
em part of the continent before the
treaties with Hungary, Bulgaria,
Romania, Finland and Italy take
full effect.
Consequently, the announcement
of Russian ratification of the pacts
was received by the State Depart
ment here with an obvious lack of
United States officials had ex
pected Soviet ratification to come
after the Hungarian balloting. It
already had been delayed until after
the wave* of arrests and purges
which erased the last anti-Com
munlst opposition in neighboring
Romania and Bulgaria in the last
three months.
GU1LC iVlUOLVW L1UA3C avucpL im.
treaties ahead of the Hungarian
voting,,the step was regarded here!
as an indication Russia is sure there
will be no upset at the polls and the
election will give Hungary another
government responsive to Soviet
policy. '
(Continued From First Page.)
the Big Three agreement at Pots
The new policy may be a bitter pill
for the hard peace advocates and
aome Frenchmen, who are thereby
given notice that the United States
has arrived at a policy which con
siders an economically sound Ger
many essential to the Marshall Plan
for European recovery.
For some time Gen. Clay has been
seeking to rebuild Germany indus
trially to relieve the American tax
payer of heavy occupation costs.
But at times it appeared the State
Department was riding a different
horse, fearing Gen. Clay's German
policy would result in a Communist
seizure of power in France by raising
the spectre of a resurgent Germany.
These divergent views of a difficult
problem reached a climax about six
weeks ago, a few hours before the
American and British occupation
commanders had scheduled an an
nouncement of a new level of in
dustry for Germany. Orders came
from Washington and London to
postpone the announcement.
French Views Are Heard.
The reason for the postponement
was a French protest. British For
eign Secretary Bevin was reported
taking a serious view of the Com
munist threat in France. Secretary
of State Marshall agreed to hear the
French views at a three-power con
The postponement was a severe
blow to Gen. Clay and his military
government adherents who had
worked on the plan for many months.
They felt that unless positive steps
were taken to put Germany back
on her feet quickly she would sink
below all hope of recovery.
But Secretary of War Royall
visited Germany. According to re
ports reaching here, he carried these
views back to Washington in decisive
The seriousness of the German
situation apparently outweighed for
the first time the French internal
political situation in the views of
some State Department officials. At
the three-power London Conference
the State Department, as repre
sented by American Ambassador
Lewis W. > Douglas, strongly sup
ported the views of the military
For Lumber, Call Our Number
I ■■■ — —
4 II
BOSTON.—BATTLESHIP UP FOR AUCTION—The Navy has announced that the U. S. S. New
Mexico, 29-year-old battleship, Is on the auction block. The Navy disposal office will sell the
30,600-ton warrier, tied up at a pier here, to the highest bidder complete with a dozen 14-inch
guns ifi four turrets. —AP Wirephoto.
Victory by Hungarian Reds Seen
In Second Vote Since War Today
By the Attociated Presi
BUDAPEST, Hungary, Aug. 30.—
Hungary will hold its second na
tional election since the war tomor
row, with experienced political ob
servers predicting a clear-cut victory
for the Communists who have dom
inated the left-wing government
coalition since the overthrow of the
Nagy Smallholders in a coup Junfe 1.
Russian ratification of the Hun
garian peace treaty yesterday was
of major importance, although lead
ers of the principal parties said it
would have no effect on the out
come of the election.
The ratification scotched anti- j
Communist rumors that Russia
would withhold approval of the pact
until after the election. News of
the Russian move put members of
the American military mission into
a minor dither aver train and boat
schedules home. Both the Ameri
can and British missions are sup
posed to close up shortly after the
peace treaties are deposited in the
Irregularities Charged.
Second high light on the eve of
the elections—which will be held
from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. tomorrow—
was an official charge by a member
of the Hungarian Independence
Party led by Zoltan Pfeiffer that
there had been “irregularities” in
preparations for the voting.
Laszlo Acsay, like Mr. Pfeiffer a
former member of the Smallholders
Party, called on Premier Lajos
Dinnyes and the National Election
Committee in a public statement to
inmate a most urgent investiga
tion” into charges that persons other
than residents were registered at
Budapest apartment houses.- •• • •
The Hungarian government issued
a statement that Hungary’s foreign
policies would remain the same after
the election and that the nation
would promote "lasting friendship
with the signatory powers (to the
peace treaty) and with our neigh
bors, especially the neighboring great
power, the Soviet Union.”
Present for the reading of the
statement were Premier Dinnyes;
Matyas Rakosi, Communist leader,
and Arpad Szakasits, Social Demo
crat, both deputy premiers, and Erno
Mihalyfi, a Smallholder, acting for
eign minister and minister of in- j
At a government press conference
government. The result of the con
ference was a communique taking
note of French protests but an
nouncing that the United States
and Britain would go ahead with
their German program, subject to
an overall European program as en
visaged by Gen. Marshall.
Achievement Is Uncertain.
Whether the British - American
plan can be achieved from a practi
cal standpoint is a disputed ques
tion. The military government eco
nomic experts believe it can, with
hard work, co-operation and luck.
But the thousands of shattered
cities, homes and factories, the in
flated currency, decrepit railroads
and the listless people are enough
to give pause to most optimists.
The 10,700,000-ton annual steel
production aim in three years, for
instance, must spring from a present
annual production of only about
2,500,000 tons. Such a production
target requires the output of 400,000
tons of coal daily. After two years,
despite the mightiest * effort, coal
production has staggered up to 240,
VVU WtiO .
(Continued From First Page.)
man was ordered out on the roads.
Secretary of Labor Schwellen
bach will discuss the Taft-Hartley
labor law and the long-range prob
lems of labor in an address over
radio station WOL at 11:15 p.m. to
As the Nation relaxed for the
long holiday week end, the Mid
west took another beating Saturday
as heat wave conditions prevailed
in most sections. Mid-afternoon
temperatures included readings of
103 at Wichita, Kans., 102 at Kan
sas City, Mo., 87 at Burlington,
Iowa, and 92 at Chicago. The Chi
cago reading made the 18th day
this month in which temperatures
there rose above 90, an all-time
The northern States were ex
pected to have comfortable tem
peratures today, especially in the
Great Lakes region and the New
England and Middle Atlantic States.
In the Pacific Northwest and the
California coast, pleasant weather
also was on the program.
The sea cow and the elephant are
distantly related.
• azo 14th St. N.W. WA B-rV
It was announced that there are
more than 5,293,000 registered voters,
in comparison with 5,164,000 in the
1945 election in which 4,716,000 cast
Hungarians may vote for one of'
the coalition parties—Communist,
Social Democrat, Smallholders or
Peasants—and be sure of casting
their ballots for a Marxist or near
Marxist ideology—or for any of the
six ‘opposition” parties which offer
evrything from “British Labor Party”
theories to old-line royalist, anti
land reform beliefs.
But oppositionists—some of whom
are now in exile—contend Hungary
is a Communist police state and that
real opposition has been scared off.
Rakosl l%st night predicted victory
for his Communists. He told a news
“Our hopes are somewhat ram
pant, and in three days we shall see
that they are not unfounded.”
Expects 35 Pet. of Ballots.
Istavan Dobi, leader of the Small
holders, who received 57 per cent of
the votes in the November, 1945,
elections, said last night he thought
his party would get only about 35
per cent of the total.
(At Vienna, Dezso Bulyok, for
mer leader of the dissolved Hun
garian Freedom Party, said yes
terday he had fled his country
“in fear of my life.” He added
he did not Intend to return and
said a Hungarian report he was
in Austria on a vacation was “a
flat lie.”
(Vince Nagy, former Hungar
ian opposition leader also in exile
in Vienna, said the election "will
provide a screen for a Commun
ist terror reign after the with
drawal of Soviet occupation
troops.” He added that “if .the
elections were free, not more
than five per cent of the Hungar
ians would vote for the Com
munists, compared with the 17
per cent in 1945.”)
Many anti-Communists who do
not consider themselves reaction
aries but liberals have opposed the
Communists since 1945—some of
them even since 1918, the time of
the Hungarian Communist revolu
tion—and contend that the country
must have a British type of Social
ism. Some of these say that the
Communists will liquidate—which
does not mean murder—all those |
who oppose Communist theories.
Tulsa Bakes at 114
But Mercury Soon
Falls to Mere 705
By tht Associated Press
TULSA, Okla., Aug. 30.—A
sudden “low trough” in climatic
conditions sent the mercury
shooting up 12 degrees to a high
of 114 at 3 p.m. here today but
it had dropped back down to
105 a half hour later.
Weather Bureau officials said
the condition developed when a
northeasterly wind which had
been blowing all day suddenly
became still and, with the sun
beating out of a clear sky, the
mercury shot upward.
A cooling wind started up
again in just a few minutes,
however, and brought the mer
cury back down.
One Dead After Lightning
Starts Fire on Tanker
By th* Associated Pres*
EDENTON, N. C, Aug. 30.—
Lightning struck an oil tanker in
Edenton Bay today, setting it afire,
and one of eight crewmen drowned
as he attempted to swim to safety.
The vessel was the Standard Oil
tanker Esso No. 6 out of Norfolk.
The dead man was identified by
First Mate Carl Willis of Norfolk
as John Hartley Sparrow, about 28.
Mr. Willis said six members of
the crew went overboard after
lightning struck. Capt. A. G. O’Neal
and the engineer put out the fire
and were taken from the craft. The
captain said he thought the vessel
would be able to return to Norfolk
under its own power.
Mr. Sparrow’s body was recovered.
Kearns Calls for End
To Hollywood Strike
By th» Associattc! Pr»t«
LOS ANGELES, Aug. 30.—Rep
resentative Carroll D. Kearns, Re
publican, of Pennsylvania, today
asked rival AFL union leaders to
make Labor Day, Monday, a ‘‘his
torical day in the moving picture
industry” by settling their juris
dictional dispute.
The chairman of a House sub
committee investigating Holly
wood's labor troubles addressed his
remarks generally to leaders of the
disputing Conference of Studio
Unions and the International Al
liance of Theatrical Stage Em
ployes, saying:
‘‘I would like to see you fellows
get together and bring a settlement
of this jurisdictional dispute in
this great industry. It seems dis
graceful that men and women can’t
work when there is work to be had.
“I earnestly and sincerely ask
that you labor leaders, every one of
you, get together and do so quickly
so that these unemployed people
again have employment and again
enjoy the privilege^ of our Ameri
can way of life—and further that
labor unions and especially the
American Federation of Labor may
be reaffirmed in the confidence of
the people here on the West Coast
and throughout the United States.”
One strike plagued the movie in
dustry for .many months in 1945
and the current one has been in
progress since September 23. 1946.
Both Herbert K. Sorrell, CSU
president, and Richard F. Walsh,
head of IATSE, have been before
the committee, along with numerous
other union officials, actors and
producer representatives.
Rifes for tryinH. bares, 69,
Scheduled for Tuesday
Funeral services for Ervin H.
Gares, 69, of 1332 Belmont street
N.W., will be held at the HineS
funeral home at 10 a.m. Tuesday.
Burial will follow in Fort Lincoln
Mr. Gares died Friday of a heart
ailment at his home.
Born in Muncie, Ind„ he came to
Washington 20 years ago and es
tablished an automobile painting
business in Bethesda. He retired 12
years ago, but later joined the
United States Public Health Service.
He was employed at the National
Institute of Health at the time of
his death.
* Survivors include his widow, Mrs.
Frances Ruby Gares. and two chil
dren, Mrs. Ella Belle Sadler of’
Chevy Chase and Angus Patterson
Gares of Washington.
Stinnes, Ruhr Magnate,
Goes to Trial as Nazi
By th« Attociatad Prtti
MUELHEIM, Germany, Aug. 30.—
Hugo Stinnes, Ruhr steel magnate
and one of Germany’s richest men,
appeared before a denazification
panel today. He denied membership
in the Nazi party. .
Stinnes said he was a member
of the Rhineland Westphalia coal
syndicate, but contended he had no
part in that body's decision to ad
vance millions of marks in support
of the Nazi party.
Hearing of the case was not com
Two Killed as Plane
Hits Illinois Radio Tower
By the Associated Press
ELMHURST, 111., Aug. 30.—Two
men were killed today when their
small monoplane crashed into a
•adio tower of Station WAIT north ,
Df Elmhurst.
They were identified as Perry W.
Robinson and Searn Leonard Rogers,
joth of Wheaton, 111.
The plane sheared off 20 feet of
the 420-foot antenna tower.
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Outlook Is Gloomy,
Retiring Head of
U. N. Council Says
By th« Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Aug. 30.—Paris
el Khoury of Syria, retiring presi
dent of the Security Council, de
clared today that the five great
powers hold the balance between
war and peace, and that the fu
ture looks gloomy, with people
speaking of a "Third World War
as one speaks of the weather.”
He said the balance between war
and peace lay with the five great
powers rather than "with the small
nations and he added that the eyes
of billions of people throughout
the world were turned toward those
Mr. El Khoury expressed his views
in a statement as he completed per
haps the hardest month’s work that
any chairman has yet experienced.
Gromyko to Take Place.
He sat through a flock of vetoes,
arguments on Indonesia and mem
berships and the Balkans, and still
came up with the hope that the
U. N. soon will emerge "from its
growing pains and the citadel of
peace to the world • *
He will be succeeded Monday by
Andrei A. Gromyko, Soviet deputy
foreign minister, in 1 the usual
jnonthly rotation of the presidency
according to the English alphabeti
cal order of the member nations,
.Mr. El Khoury said he had done
a great deal of "soul-searching”
since he was appointed to represent
Syria on the Security Council.
He said he felt that the council
was still far from having fulfilled
its task and that the peoples of the
world appear to be disappointed.
He said two years have elapsed
since V-E Day and V-J day and
peace still seems a long way off.
"A Third World War,” he said,
which would most probably be an
atomic war, would mean the end
of our civilization. We members
vi tiAc ©cvunty uvuiuiu sjiavc Dccn
elected to prevent war, to establish
and maintain peace.”
On Vacation Till Sept. 9
He said that small nations have
little power.
“They cannot make war nor have
they the necessary strength to main
tain world peace,” he said. “It is
the giants, the big powers, the five
members in this council (Russia,
China, Britain, France and United
States) in whose hands lies the
balance between war and peace. It
is to the privileged members of
this Council that the billions of
eyes of suffering huipanity are
turned, imploring, pleading and
praying for peace,”
Mr. El Khoury and the other
Council delegates are now on vaca
tion until September 9 when they
will start again on the Egyptian
case. They also will take a lead
ing part in the U. N. Assembly
which opens September 16.
Ecuador Exile Regime
Reported in Colombia
By the Associated Press
BUENOS AIRES. Aug. 30.—For
eign Minister Jose Vincente Trujillo
of Ecuador said t<*day that Mariano
Suaxez Velntemillas, vice president
under Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra
until the latter was deposed as
aucadors president last week, has
established a government In exile
in Colombia.
Mr. Trujillo said both this exiled
government and the government
headed by Col. Carlos Mancheno,
who engineered the ousting of Vel
asco Ibarra, had asked him to con
tinue serving as Ecuadorean for
eign minister.
Mr. Trujillo arrived today from
the inter-American conference in
Brazil. He left the conference after
deciding he would be unable to sign
the treaty it drafted because the
government which signed his cre
dentials no longer was in power in
Mr. Trujillo said he had not de
cided when he would return to
PANAMA CITY, Panama, Aug. 30
(IP).—Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra,
President of Ecuador until he was
deposed last week by Col. Carlos
Mancheno, arrived here with his
wife by air today, en route to
Argentina via Peru. They had fled
to Colombia after Mancheno's coup
72% fo Cash Gl Bonds,
Army Times Predicts
Army Times said yesterday that
a Nation-wide poll of its readers—
soldiers and veterans — indicated
that 72 per cent <}f those holding
terminal leave bonds would cash
them this week.
The weekly predicted the bonds
cashed would total $1,350,000,000.
The publication estimated the
actual number of veterans who in
tend to cash their bonds at 6,500,000,
out of a total of 9,160,000 World War
II veterans holding 8,900,000 bonds
worth $1,830,000,000. The average
size of bonds is approximately $200.
■ a
It’s BLENDED as Carefully
i . t
• /
High-Powered Presiding Seen
As Gromyko Takes U. N. Chair
Russian Is Expected
To Keep Up Vetoing
With Other Hand
By Wallace R. Deuel
Russian Delegate Andrei A. (The
Veto) Gromyko gets his turn to
act as chairman of the U. N. Security
Council again beginning this week,
and the world is liable to see some
pretty high-powered presiding.
Parliamentary procedure doesn’t
come natural to the Soviets.
They don’t debate with their
opponents at home. They 6hoot
Even when they learn the rules of
parliamentary procedure by heart
for use abroad, most of them use
the rules the way people use a for
eign language—or the way a woman
driver handles a car if she never
had her hands on a wheel until
sh^ was 40.
But Mr. Gromyko is an exception
to this.
Good Parliamentarian.'
He is one of the smartest parlia
mentarians at Lake Success, and he
can—and does—stall and quibble
and split hairs and raise points of
order like a Philadelphia lawyer.
“He is perfectly capable of pre
siding over the Council with one
hand and vetoing everything the
Council tries to do with the other
hand, all at the same time and
without turning a hair or once los
ing his composure,” said a rueful
admirer of, Mr. Gromyko's technical
Vnil hOVOe VlQirA IVlA faalinn
watching Mr. Gromyko, that he
isn’t at ease on parliamentary pro
cedure. He seems to be perfectly at
ease. But you do have the feeling
that he thinks the whole thing is
awfully silly.
His attitude seems to imply that
being able to score a point in de
bate is about on a par with being
able to wiggle your ears.
If everybody else is doing it, and
they’re giving prizes' to whoever
does it best, Mr. Gromyko will do
it too. He will do it superlatively
well. But he will still think it’s
The record seems to suggest that
this is the attitude of Mr. Gromyko s
government, too.
Certainly the Kremlin doesn’t
seem to take the U. N. very seri
The Soviets are great believers in
power—preferably naked power.
Not Impressed by U. N.
Moral arguments and vows of
idealistic purposes seem to them to
be only so many fig leaves, used by
the prudish and hypocritical to con
ceal the realities of world affairs.
Others, too, have had this atti
tude in the past, but few have been
as stark about it as the Soviets.
They almost carry it to the point
of indecent exposure.
’’The Pope?” Prime Minister
Stalin once scornfully demanded.
“How many divisions has he got?”
The U. N„ like the Pope, has no
divisions, and the Kremlin is, ac
cordingly, not overly impressed by
The Soviets give the impression
that they joined it more in order to
humor the Western world than be
cause they share that world's hopes
for the organization.
The Russians don’t even take part
in much of the U. N.’s work
iney oniy Deiong to one ox its
eight specialized agencies — the
World Health Organization—and
boycott the other seven (the United
States, Britain and Canada belong
to all eight.)
Own Interpretation of Veto.
The Soviets take a prominent
enough part in the U. N. Security
Council and General Assembly, but
their part sometimes seems to con
sist chiefly of voting against every
thing that everybody else wants to
The original theory of the veto
was that it would be used only on
questions of substance—and of im
portance—not on minor matters and
questions of procedure.
In 'practice, however, this has
worked out the way the agreement
did that the man made with his
wife for settling their differences: j
The husband was supposed to de
cide all important questions, and
the wife was to have her way on
unimportant ones. But the wife de-1
cided which questions were im
portant and which were unim
The ‘Soviets decide when it’s all
right to use the veto.
So far, they have used it 18 times
in the Security Council—7 times in
one recent week alone.
Mr. Gromyko is the agent of this
Has Cast 17 Vetoes.
He has cast 17 of the Soviets’
vetoes. (Deputy Foreign Minister
Andrei Y. Vishinsky cast the other j
one.) j
For Lumber, Call Our Number
TfeaAinasrCo, i'E
Mr. Gromyko is. in fact, the very
model of a modern Russian diplo
Personally, he is not unattractive.,
He is young for his present re
He was only 34 when he was
named Ambassador to the United
States and is only 38 now.
The Soviet delegate looks even
younger than he is.
He has a full, round, clean-shaven,
boyish face and a full head of thick,
black, wavy hair—often the only
one at the Council table, which
otherwise is pretty much a bald
headed row of much older men.
Bobby soxers in the U. N. visitors’
gallery recently nominated Mr.
Gromyko their "dream boat,” and
it seemed for a time that they might
start squealing and swooning over
him at any moment, if given the
slightest encouragement.
Even older women, fully clothed
and apparently in their right minds,
have said that Mr. Gromyko’s voice
is positively musky with sex ap
Not Interested in Personality.
Mr. Gromyko does nothing to
encourage these estimates, so far
as the world can tell, nor to ex
ploit the possibilities they might
seem to suggest.
Yet there is nothing austere or
forbidding about him as a human
He drinks moderately, preferably
Scotch and soda or beer, he plays
chess, likes to fish and is a movie
fan. He especially liked “Gone
With the Wind.”
Mr. Gromyko has an adequate
sense of humor, too.
Asked to provide material for
a biographical sketch, he said, “My
personality does not interest me.”
After reading an article about
himself In a New York newspaper,
he said:
‘‘It’s about half true and half
untrue. Since this is a balanced
newspaper, that is to be expected.”
The Soviet delegate has even been
known to joke about U. N. pro
cedure and his own vetoes.
A reporter once buttonholed him
and asked his opinoin on a minor
‘‘That’s not important,” said Mr.
Gromyko. “The substantive issue is,!
where is my overcoat?”
Maintains Poker Face.
But Andrei 'Gromyko the servant
of the Kremlin is an entirely dif-1
Cerent creature from Andrei Gromy
ko the individual human being.
He is no dream boat to the other
iiplomats he deals with.
Officially, he is humorless, austere,
forbidding, rigid, ruthless, undjviat- .
ing and disobliging. ;• jgJ’J
He is about as accommodating as
a reinforced concrete block. _
In Security Council sessions
speaks slowly, deliberately, almost
ponderously and often contemptu-*
ously. JJIiVY
His face is ordinarily utterly ex
pressionless, even when he is being
his most disagreeable, which is •ve’ky
disagreeable Indeed. .,
Jokers have said that the Soviets
must give their diplomats a special
training course in, “How to be rude
to representatives of other coun
tries.” If they do, Mr. Gromyko must
have been graduated at the head'Of
his class.
Both in his manner and in the
substance of what he has to say, the
Soviet delegate acts as though the
other delegates, and the peoples they
represent, were idiot children. *•*—.»*
Ignores Arguments.
He doesn't even pretend to an- [
swer an opponent’s argument,, as
often as not. He just ignores it. ’
If he makes any retort at all. he only
goes back and repeats his own previ* -
ous statement, over and over again,
like a gramaphone that’s stuck in a •
grove, exactly as though his op- ..
ponent hadn't spoken, or were stone
deaf or deficient in understanding, •r
Mr. Gromyko is a member of the \
first post-revolution generation of v
He was only 5 when World War I •'*
began, and only 8 when the Com
munists seized power.
Until he was 30 years old and left ,
Russia \ for the first time to be „
counselor of the Soviet Embassy
here, virtually all Mr. Gromyko .,
knew about the outside world was
niian xvacij. wwou uvgtun omu wwvuv •«,
According to this dogma, the lib
eral and capitalistic West is corrupt *
and altogether vile, and sooner or "
later will inevitably attack and seek
to destroy the Soviet fatherland of
all the workers.
Mr, Gromyko acts officially like a
man who devoutly believes every
word of this.
Does Kremlin’s Job Well.
His attitude doesn't make for ,
fond and easy friendships in the
Security Council—or in Washington.
But Mr. Gromyko doesn’t get paid
for being loved. He gets paid for
defending the Soviet fatherland
against all the enemies who are
supposed to be lying in wait to fall
on and rend it. He gets paid for do
ing exactly what the Klemlln tells '
him to do.
Mr. Gromyko does these things to
perfection, so far as an outsider
can see.
He has done them so well that he
has gone far—and fast—in a
peculiarly perilous profession.
The future may hold even greater
things for Andrei Gromyko—if he
doesn’t make just one bad mistake
and get shot in the back of the neck
(Chicago Daily Nawa.)
5 Stowaways Aboard Liner
NEW YORK. Aug. 30 UP).—The
Gdynia-American motorship Sobie
ski arrived here today with 755
scheduled passengers and five
stowaways who boarded the vessel
at Genoa. One stowaway identified
himself as John Cosenza, 17, of
Cleveland, Ohio.
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