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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 09, 1947, Image 10

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gening J§faf
With Sunday Morning Edition.
Published by
Th« Evening Star Newspaper Company.
FRANK E. NOYES, President.
B. M. McKELWAY, Editor.
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A_10 ** TUESDAY, September 9, 1947
Rising Taxes vs. Fixed Rents
No rent-control law ever devised would
suit all the landlords and all the tenants.
But the local rent law has been adminis
tered with a minimum of complaint from
either side.
One reason has been the rent adminis
trator’s willingness to adjust rentals in
relation to 1941, when they were frozen.
Over 35,000 such adjustments have been
made, most of them allowing some rental
increase. They are still being made on a
drawing of hardship.
That is one reason why Rent Adminis
trator Robert F. Cogswell is on sound
ground in turning down the request (or
the demand) of the Building Owners’ and
Managers’ Association for a 15 per cent
across-the-board rental increase. Added
to increases already granted, a blanket
increase would create additional inequities.
Standards of maintenance and operation
in apartment houses vary to such an extent
that a 15 per cent increase, applying
equally to all of them, could not be justi
fied by generalizations regarding added
cost of upkeep.
Mr. Cogswell also disposes convincingly
of the argument that tax increases this
year should be reflected in a 15 per cent
Increase in rents. He is impressed, how
ever, by his sampling of dwelling proper
ties (which include small apartments of
, not more than eight units) which showed
an average 30 per cent in tax increases.
This increase resulted from a blanket 20
per cent increase in assessment of im
provements, plus the rise in tax rate. Mr.
Cogswell believes these property owners
* deserve some relief through rental return.
But a tax Increase of 28 per cent on a
property renting for $90 a month, for ex
ample, would be more than absorbed by
a 5 per cent increase in the rent. There
are about 110,000 structures Involved and
because of the number, some blanket in
crease in rents may be the nearest ap
proach to an equitable solution.
In apartment houses sampled by Mr.
Cogswell he found an average tax Increase
of a little over 15 per cent this year over
last. The Building Owners’ and Managers’
Association might contend that a spot
sampling of 50 apartments showed a tax
increase of 30 per cent since 1941. The
assessor did not apply to apartments this
year the flat increase in assessments af
fecting residential property, because each
apartment had been treated separately.
But no blanket 15 per cent increase in
rents could be justified on the tax increase
alone. Taking as examples several apart
ment houses sampled by Mr. Cogswell, an
$8 a year—66 cents a month—Increase per
apartment unit would more than offset 15
per cent increases in taxes. The fact that
there are only some 2,500 structures classi
fied as apartment buildings should permit
decision on the merits of cases presented
rather than blanket increases.
"No rent control is desirable. It is the
choice between two evils. Until there is
more building in Washington rent control
is preferable to the chaotic conditions that
would follow a free and uncontrolled
market in the present situation. It is un
fair to require property owners to absorb
all the tax increases. But Mr. Cogswell
is right in turning down the flat increase
proposal as a solution of his problems.
Creating Health Hazards
The case of the Southeast family whose
water was cut off because''a previous ten
ant failed to pay a water bill is but a new
development in an old and puzzling prob
lem. Litigation now pending and possibly
future legislation may provide a solution
for what has become a perfectly absurd
The absurdity arises from the fact that
in its efforts to collect delinquent water
bills the District government has re
sorted to the health-imperiling practice
of cutting off the water supply until the
bill is paid. Thus, the District finds itself
in the untenable position of enforcing
sanitary regulations against the public
while committing a potential violation of
them itself under the water bill policy.
In the case of the Unangst family on
South Carolina avenue southeast, for ex
ample, the water was shut off to force
payment of a $62.14 water bill incurred
by some one else. The family, unable to
pay the bill, had been forced to borrow
or buy water from neighbors. After several
months of this the family was charged
* by the District with violating sanitary
laws, although the same District had cut
the water off. There have been cases where
the Water Department arbitrarily shut off
water, only to have the Health Department
order it turned on again.
Underlying the whole problem is the
fact that water fees are classed as utility
charges, to be paid by the tenant, rather
than as an obligation of the landlord.
The Municipal Court of Appeals last May
held in effect that delinquent water bills
may not be regarded as liens against the
property and that the District cannot
compel the property owner to pay water
bills run up by a tenant. Yet it is obvious
that unless some responsibility for pay
ment is vested in the property owner, the
District must continue to try to collect
from the occupant.
But the arbitrary shutting off of the
water supply to force payment is a drastic
measure. Since it may involve serious
hardships to innocent persons—as in the
Unangst case—and may even threaten the
health of the public, it should be resorted
to only after consultation with health au
thorities. There are ethical as well as
social and legal questions In this matter
that may require legislative action to re
Hamburg and Europe's Jews
It is easy for Americans, who do not
have to deal directly with such tragic
problems, to assail the British for the
way they are handling the Hamburg dis
embarkation of the 4,400 hapless Jews of
the Exodus 1947. Respect for the truth,
however, demands that charges accusing
Britain of Hitlerism be branded for what
aic—uanicij, uic xuioiuiuuuo |
of extremists like those arrested in France
for plotting to “bomb” London with prop
aganda echoing the line of the terroristic
Stern gang of Palestine.
Actually, as a matter of record, who are
the more responsible for what is happening
at Hamburg—the British, or those who
originally organized the Exodus expedi
tion with full knowledge that it would
very probably end in a poignant failure?
The Jews who went as passengers have
merited the world’s sympathy, but there
seems at least some reason to believe that
the organizers of their ill-starred voyage
were more interested in using them to
dramatize an issue than in getting them to
the Promised Land.
There can be little doubt, at any rate,
that the passengers of the Exodus 1947
had only the slimmest chance of breaking
through the tight blockade against illegal
immigration. Coming chiefly from Ger
many, they had boarded the ship in France
early in July and set sail secretly for
Palestine. About a week later British war
ships intercepted them. Being without
visas, they were thereupon transferred to
three other vessels and returned to Fort de
Bouc, France. But there they refused to
disembark, and the French declined to
force them. It was then decided to take
them back to Hamburg. Britain made
this decision in keeping with its interpre
tation of what it had to do as the manda
tory power of the Holy Land; moreover,
in so deciding, it was in an extremely
difficult and unenviable position, with no
easy “out” available.
Perhaps the situation could have been
handled in a better way. But Americans
—who have been quick to lecture Britain
duuut icttiug tiic ucwi mtu raiwime, uuo
slow tp criticize their own country for
declining to do little more than talk about
the problem—ought not to be too free
with their censure. Certainly, it does vio
lence to the truth, and it libels a brave
people who fought doggedly against Hitler,
to say of the British that they are emu
lating the ftazis at Hamburg. Such emo
tion-charged talk serves only to cover the
issue with confusion; it plays right into
the hands of the extremists and tends to
deepen the Jewish tragedy in Europe.
That tragedy cannot be assuaged by plac
ing all the onus on Britain. The fact is
that the responsibility for ending it in a
decent, humanitarian way is no longer one
country’s alone.
As the United Nations Special Committee
on Palestine has made clear, what is
needed is concrete international action
to give new hope to a people driven by a
desperate sense of compulsion to get out
of a Europe converted by Hitler into a
ghastly Jewish graveyard. This demands
priority attention in the forthcoming meet
ing of the General Assembly. The news
from Hamburg emphasizes the deeply
tragic and explosive nature of the over
all problem involved.
For Effective Law Enforcement
The annual report of the Washington
Criminal Justice Association, while show
ing that the climbing crime rate here in
1946 was in line with country-wide trends,
is anything but reassuring. It is true that
all large cities have experienced a post
war increase in serious crimes. But some
of the data in the association’s report
bear out previous assertions that the
crime rate could be lowered here by more
effective law enforcement.
For example, the association for several
years has supported the pleas of the
Police Department and the Comissioners
for legislation authorizing additional
patrolmen and facilities with which to
reorganize the precinct system. Th^ need
for a new police precinct in the Benning
area has been particularly urged, on the
ground that lawlessness was certain to
increase there because of Ineffective
supervision from Anacostia’s Eleventh
Precinct Station—far across the Anacostia
River. The report now reveals that the
fears of police and citizens have material
ized. For it was in the Eleventh Precinct
that the greatest rise in juvenile crime
was recorded last year. This rise occurred
despite the fact that the over-all increase
in juvenile crime for Washington in 1946
was negligible.
The association points out that steps
finally are being taken to detach the
Benning area from Anacostia precinct and
to give that congested but badly neglected
section the type of police protection it
deserves. That reform has been made
possible by appropriations for construc
tion of a precinct station in Benning. But
there must be sufficient policemen to
patrol this area and other troublesome
spots more thoroughly. The association
declares that Washington needs a con
siderably larger force to fight postwar
crime. The distressingly large number
of unsolved cases cited in its report bears
out this contention.
Statistical Conference
The affirmation quoted by H. L.
Mencken to the effect that ‘‘there are
three kinds of lies: Lies, damned lies and
statistics,” never has been taken seriously
by any person familiar with statistics as
a practical aid to knowledge. Most people
of cultivated intelligence agree with the
philosophy set forth by Sir Francis Galton
in his stimulating “Inquiries Into Human
Faculty,” published in 1883:
The object of statistical science is to dis
cover methods of condensing information con
cerning large groups of allied facts into brief
and compendious expressions suitable for dis
cussion. The possibility of doing this is based
on the constancy and continuity with which
objects of the same species are found to van-.
But of course the business of correlat
ing facts consistently long predates
the founder of eugenics. Every census
ever taken, every inventory of goods or
money, every schedule of taxation in
human experience has been in some
respect an enterprise in statistics. The
Encyclopaedia of the Social Sciences
observes with Justice: ‘‘Whenever a pop
ulous and well organized state has arisen,
statistics have been used.” Tremendous
acceleration of interest in vital statistics
developed in connection with the French
Revolution and in relation to the Na
poleonic system, which grew out of the
failure of Robespierre and Danton. The
Statistical Society of London, established
in 1834, provided a model for similar
organizations throughout the world.
Lemuel Shattuck of the Boston Common
Council was the sponsor of the American
Statistical Association. He was well
acquainted in Washington, and it was
largely through his endeavors that the
census of 1850 was indeed a census of indi
viduals and not merely a tally of families.
The International Statistical Institute,
created in ibbo, was a natural outcome or
the statistical activities then going forward
in many different countries.
Such is the background against which
the International Statistical Conferences
are being held. The general public in
evitably is concerned with any and every
effort to achieve efficient co-operation In
the whole wide realm of ascertainable
reality. Men never will discover all the
answers to all the questions of the uni
verse, but their character as men will rise
in exactly the ratio of their quest for truth
which reasonably can be simplified.
Preventable Boat Tragedies
There have been many tragedies this
summer from motorboat explosions and
there will be others before the season is
over. Most of them result from the same
cause. Gasoline and fumes accumulate
in tight, unventilated engine compartments
and are ignited by a spark from the en
gine. Once an explosion occurs, the result
ing Are is seldom controlled. For the bilge
in small boats usually contains gasoline
leakage and the tanks are below deck. It is
strange that more educational propaganda
in the prevention of such accidents is not
made available to the owners of small
power boats. Some years ago the Marine
Committee of the National Fire Protection
Association issued an excellent diagram,
illustrating the common causes or explo
sions and fires on small boats. It pointed
out the importance of discharging vents,
from gas tanks, into open air instead of
below deck—as so many of them do. It
showed dangerous installations of vents,
fill pipes, gas tanks, etc., and summed up
the precautions that should be followed
in filling tanks and ventilating the engine
compartment before starting a motor or
getting under way. Motorboat organiza
tions, the underwriters themselves, yacht
clubs and, especially, the gasoline com
panies that supply small boats, would
render a valuable public service if they
gave wide distribution to such educational
material. For motor boating is a fine
recreation. Everything should be done to
make It more safe for the thousands who
enjoy it, with their families. One of the
tragedies of the numerous accidents from
motorboat explosions is the frequency with
which whole families are involved. A few
simple precautions, made available to all
owners, would do a great deal to cut down
a casualty list that is too large.
This and That
By Charles E. TraceweU.
"Dear Sir:
“Last May I placed a large tadpole in my
aquarium and have watched it ever since for
some sign of turning into a frog but so far no
change has taken place.
"Tadpole is about 3 inches long and is dark
green in color and has a white stomach.
“Could anything be wrong wtih the tadpole,
or is it too early for it to turn into a frog?
"Respectfully, P. A. B.”
* * * *
This correspondent has a bullfrog or green
frog tadpole.
These take from one year to two years to
convert into a frog.
Mostly they require two years to make the
The toad tadpole is the one which changes
• i .. _ il___
Ui tnu i/i viucc uiwuwno.
Frog eggs are laid In jelly-like masses at ths
bottom of ponds.
The toad eggs are laid in stripe of jelly on
the surface of the water.
The common toad eggs hatch In four or five
days, the real frog eggs in one or two weeks.
♦ * * *
Mating season for the bullfrog is May to
The tadpoles commonly sold may be either of
toads or bullfrogs or green frogs.
Hence only an expert can tell which he has.
In general, if the change is completed in a
few months, the toad is it; if longer time is
required either a bullfrog or green frog is in
the making.
There are few more Interesting creatures
for the home aquarium than these. They in
trigue oldsters and young alike, get along very
well with the other aquarium inmates, whether
small or large, and in general add a touch of
the unique.
Not more than one, or two at the most, should
be Included. And careful watch must be kept,
to see that when they begin to “turn” they
have a place to get air, since the gills become
obsolete as the amphibian gets more typical
There is the danger, too, once the change be
gins, that the creature will hop out of the
aquarium and be trodden under foot.
It must never be forgotten that this is a
hopper, and naturally leaps out the first time
those legs get long, or even longer—hopping is
as natural to it as to a flea, and when it makes
its first real leap, there is no place for it to
go except out.
In nature, it simply would leap onto a leaf,
on the shore, or back into the water, but from
the small aquarium it usuauy goes omo me
floor, and there It may not be seen by persons
who are not looking for anything of its kind
So watch out for taddie. when his big change
comes, and see to it that he is kept where he
This means that some cover lid for the
aquarium is necessary. This may be a screen,
or a cover glass lid. The lid may be of one
piece of glass, cut to fit, or of two pieces, cut so
that they may slide apart in the center to per
mit the introduction of fish food.
Such covers will not cut out air, even if they
fit tightly. It must be kept in mind that the
properly run aquarium is a little world of its
own, manufatcuring its own oxygen.
Tadpoles are fed on manufactured fish food,
on which they do very well.
It is interesting to watch these strange
things become used to feeding time and to be
among the first to come to the surface.
They dart up with the fishes and get their
full share, and more, of the grub.
The tadpole in the average aquarium soon
comes to be a universal household favorite, so
that no one wants it to leap out and be lost,
probably to be trod on or killed by cat or dog.
So keep it in, but provide something for it
to perch on, once it gets its legs. And when it
becomes too large, take it to a pool or the creek,
for that is its natural place and it will do well
nowhere else.
Letters to The Star
He Has Licked the Crabgrass
To the Editor of The Star:
“And Now for the Crabgrass” was an excel
lent editorial. It should, however, have in
cluded a third group of community home
owners. They are the ones who have licked
the crabgrass
problem. Their
method is eas
ier than that
of group one
as you defined
them. They
use the simple
expedlent of
not cutting
their lawn too
short at any
time during the season. It is truly pathetic
to see so many good citizens shave their lawns
closely in May and June and July only to
wear their fingers bare in August and Septem
ber pulling bushels of crabgrass and providing
an ideal situation for erosion. Crabgrass, being
an annual, is propagated only through seed.
It does not live through the winter. In the
spring, the seed won’t germinate except when
IICipcu MV ouu auu otui
setting the mower blade 2% inches from the
ground, the lawn is left tall enough to afford
the necessary shade. Except on the edges,
where somebody else’s lawn may have been
cut too short, crabgrass never gets a start.
The 'Star could make a real contribution
toward green lawns and an even more beauti
ful Washington by launching a movement to
keep lawns cut h\gh. Why not have some dem
onstration plots in the parks next year?
Cool to Democratic ‘Warm-up’
To the Editor-of The Star:
Labor his no monopoly upon reckless and
irresponsible leadership. The Democratic
warm-up for the 1948 campaign put on last
week disclosed the head of the premier city
in the country fanning the class-fire that is
smoldering when he said the Republican Con
gress "tried to turn the working people into
second-class citizens,” and Representative
Helen Oahagan Douglas did the "me too” act
when she spoke of the opposition party' as
being the party of big business and the friend
of the real estate lobby, said it destroyed rent
control, the veterans’ housing program and
removed all restrictions from installment
There is nothing in the record of the last
Congress to indicate that there was any
attempt to turn the working people of the
country into second-class citizens. The Taft
Hartley Labor Act aid nothing more than
register the congressional will to the effect
that a contract should be bilateral, that no
longer snuuiu une pai iy uc wuuu
other free, as permitted in the old Wagner
Act. To this there can be no fair and honest
objection, as no honest man, laborer or citi
zen, wants to be free when the other con
tracting party is bound; that is, he wants no
To the great discredit of both John L. Lewis
and Big Steel the provision in the act against
unwarranted or outlaw strikes was stipulated
out and in lieu thereof the phrase that labor
would work under the terms of the contract
if and when able and willing to do so was
inserted. Does labor gain in respectability
by such sham and mockery? The question
answers itself, and the answer is emphatically,
no. Instead of being an attempt to make
second-class citizens of labor, it is a decided
attempt to make labor what at heart it is—
first-class citizens—and what it would act like
without the intervention of reckless and irre
sponsible leadership.
And what the lady from California accom
plished by her accusations it is difficult to
see. Of course, rents, like prices generally,
could not remain stationary or frozen when
costs generally were uncontrolled. The objec
tive of OPA was fine, but it was literally
impossible of attainment. The weight of this
planet could not have held the price-lid
down with labor and material prices unfrozen
and running wild. Veterans’ housing is im
possible for like reasons and we might as well
be factual and honest about the matter.
As for Installment buying, the answer lies
in the fact that Americans are willing to
surrender the right of contract only in time
of war, for which they are to be commended.
To be sure, installment buying is abused; but
so is the use of the highway.
In short, I find myself at variance with the
current political ideology because of its undue
emphasis upon regimentation at the expense
of freedom. JOHN W. HESTER.
Woman Candidate for ABC Board
To the Editor of The *t»r:
The Star quoted Commissioner Mason as ex
pressing a desire for a “long list of man
applicants to fill the vacancy which has re
cently arisen on the ABC Board of the District.
The fact that the three-member board has, in
the past, been composed of two men and one
w’oman should not militate against the appoint
ment of a qualified candidate for public office,
regardless of the sex of that candidate. Various
boards of the District, including the Board of
Commissioners of the District of Columbia,
are composed entirely of men; yet women are
the natural guardians of the home and
The Federation of Citizens’ Associations has
indorsed Mrs. Leslie Wright for the post. Mrs.
Wright has been nominated for the office on
the ABC Board by Senator Arthur Capper,
ranking member of the Senate Committee of
the District of Columbia, and Senator Clyde R.
Hoey, former member of the District Com
As a long-time resident of the District of
Columbia and a practicing attorney who has
frequently appeared before the ABC Board in
behalf of the citizens of the District, Mrs.
Wright has established her broad humani
tarian policies. As national chairman of legis
lation of the Federation of Women’s Clubs,
Mrs. Wright has proved her leadership and
thorough grasp of the laws of our Nation. As
an active member of the District of Columbia
branch of the National Woman’s Party, Mrs.
Wright has steadfastly striven for equality be
tween men and women.
It is with considerable pride in Mrs. Wright’s
past achievements and the utmost confidence
in her impartial, objective, judicial judgment,
that the District of Columbia branch of the
National Woman’s Party indorses Mrs. Leslie
_i.Ui . „ J Viao annolnfmanf
Chairman, D. C. Branch. National Woman’s
Five-Year Tax Reform
To the Editor of The Star:
The most providential thing that could hap
pen to this privately owned and exploited re
public would be a five-year plan or two for
gradual replacement of income taxes and other
legalized rackets for reventfe, such as the an
nual penalties imposed on land improvements,
with provisions looking to final full allocation
to public use of the values given to land by the
presence and activities of organized society.
Land and labor are the only sources of
public revenue. The less that is taken from
land values due to population, the greater the
“unearned increment" that swells the costs of
production and consumption, while the less
that Is taken from labor values, the direct
opposite is the result. That is an economic
Letters for publication must bear
the signature and address of the
writer, although it is permissible for a
writer known to The Star to ust a
nom de plume. Please be brief.
consequence that lies beyond human ingenuity
to alter.
But what are the chances for any such long
term policy of economic reform with our law
makers having to jump election hurdles every
two years, which tends to make them but
rubber stamps for lobby rule? A movement
is now on to restrict the presidential office
to two four-year terms. Why not make it
one eight-year term? A much more effective
move would be to restrict legislative offices
to but one and a much longer term, with
stronger assurances of divorce of the electives
from all private interests and influences.
For Rankin as Senator
To the Editor of The Star:
Representative John E. Rankin’s candidacy
for the position left vacant by the unfortunate
death of Senator Theodore Bilbo has been the
cause of much comment. His opposition by
certain Communist - front organizations is
understandable as he despises communism in
all its forms, as did his predecessor, Senator
His splendid work in TVA and his success
in gaining cheap electricity for many rural
communities proved that he has the interests
of the people at heart.
The absurd suggestion that Representative
Rankin be barred from the Senate on the
grounds that "Negroes did not participate in
his election,” is childish and thoughtless since
all Mississippi’s officials are elected under the
same system.
No man could ever completely take Senator
Bilbo’s place. But I challenge any one to find
a better man to try than Representative
Seton’» ‘Hepcat’ Talk
To the Editor of The Btir:
"Plus il change, plus c’est le meme chose!”
Budding Sunday feature writer Carter Dawson
reports that the latest fad of the hepcats is
talking in “tut talk”—for example, yes is "yake
sus.” Some cat
1 a v 1r>n(rranhflr , \ \ 0 yv.
must have been
reading one of
Ernest Thomp- g
son S e t o n ’ s ^
w o odcraft
books for boys,
published many
years ago, in
which he in
vented a pseu
do-Indian language called 'Tutree,” direct an
cestor of “tut talk.” Consonants were doubled,
with a few necessary exceptions (c was 6uk,
h was hash, y was yak, etc.); vowels were un
changed. Thus, yes was yak-e-sus; bubble was
"bub-u-bub-bub-lul-e,” and my name as a
little boy, more years ago than I care to
remember, was— TUT-O-MUM-MUM-YAK.
What We Say About Russia
To the Editor of The 6ta r:
Your new feature in The Star, “What the
Russians Are Saying About Us,” is very inter
esting, Informative and is worth the attention
of your readers who want honest, straight
from-the-shouldcr opinion about us, our in
stitutions and our policies, coined in Russia
for the Russian masses, by the so-called gov
ernment-controlled press and radio.
However, try as hard as one could, I have
yet to find in the excerpts the amount of ha
tred, abuse, misrepresentations and downright
appeals to an open declaration of war, dropping
of atom bombs on Moscow and other Russian
industrial cities, as are figuring daily in our
own, free American press, our radio commen
tators’ reports and the flery.Jingoistic speeches
of some of our United States Senators, Con
gressmen and ex-Govemors. And least but
not last, the actions in this rejpect by the
leaders of our superpatriotic ex-service or
craniMtinnR. .lust ending their recent gather
ing or reunion, with fire-eating speeches,
threatening Russia with all the might of our
Army, Navy, Air Forces and of course, the
atom bomb, while the rank and file of their
membership were joyfully and playfully engaged
in the innocent sport of conveying electric
shocks to the unsuspecting ladies, using as
a medium specially constructed canes, and
spraying water guns.
Of course, the rank and file of these organi
zations were very little interested in the po
litical speeches of their leaders, The middle
aged and the past-middle-aged members,
come to the conventions for a good time and
were getting it in the best way they could.
It is my candid opinion, that your esteemed
newspaper could achieve a great service to
this country by printing alongside of "What
the Russians Are Saying About Us,” "What
the Americans Are Saying About Russia.”
Such an approach to the Russian question
and entirely impartial presentations of the
makers of public opinion In both countries
could help a, lot in stopping the foolish and
Irresponsible talk of war and our holy mission
to lead the world against communism and
dissipating our financial, natural and physical
resources on countries that are just as far
from our concept of democracy to the right
as the Russians are to the left.
‘Willful Waste’ Decried
To the Editor of The Star:
In "Alice in Wonderland” a Cheshire cat
slowly disappeared until nothing was left but
a grin, thereby subjecting one's imagination
to considerable strain. And in our political
Blunderland, the New Deal party informed
everybody that if enough financial feathers
were plucked from our American eagle a smile
of satisfaction would forever remain on the
country’s countenance. But fine feathers make
fine birds and a fowl divested of its plumage
presents a sorry spectacle. Only a starry-eyed
man will maintain that "disappearing dollars”
create national prosperity.
Having cheapened the dollar to tremendous
degrees by ballooning it to unprecedented
heights, the cost of living has enormously in
creased as a most natural consequence. The
New Deal professors are now seeking an alibi
for the "squandermania” and are attempting
to pass the buck to "big business” and blame
American industry for the fiscal chaos. They
should blame themselves for violating economic
law and realize that a sound financial struc
ture has never been erected on the dangerous
shoals of debt. The ancient adage ‘‘willful
waste brings woeful want” still holds good.
A Lot of Nails, Anyway
To the Editor of The Stsr:
According to my figures you had a thousand
times too many nails in The Star of September
6. In the first column of the first page, Mr.
Cox of the Camegie-Illinois Steel Corp.
says that 16,000 tons of steel will make three
trillion and 392 billion eight-penny nails. The
16,000 tons are 512 million ounces. Since it
takes about seven of the nails to make an
ounce, there would be seven times 512 million,
or 3 billion 548 milUon. But since my figures
are “rough,” 111 settle for the 3.392,000,000,000
which you printed if you'll divide it by 1,000.
f The Political Mill
Labor Grooming Humphrey
To Defeat Senator Ball
Master Minds of Union Campaign
Pick Far-Left-Wing Democrat
By Gould Lincoln
Next to Senator Taft of Ohio and Represen
tative Hartley of New Jersey, the master
minds of the labor union campaign to defeat
members of Congress who voted for the Taft
Hartley labor law would like to lift the politi
cal scalp of Senator Ball of Minnesota. Un
less Mr. Taft becomes the Republican
presidential nominee next year, the union
leaders will have no chance to shoot at him
until the campaign of 1950, when In the
ordinary course of events Senator Taft will
be up for re-election. But with Senator Ball,
it’s another matter, for he must run again in
Already the anti-Ball forces have picked
their man with whom they hope to defeat
ivumicsuwiii, wiiu urn nio icvci
best to have written into the Taft-Hartley law
provisions absolutely outlawing the closed shop
and industry-wide strikes. Their selection is
the Mayor of Minneapolis, Hubert Humphrey
—a Democrat of the far-left-wing stamp. Mayor
Humphrey now is beginning his second two
year term. He is in his thirties—even younger
than Senator Ball—and before he was elected
mayor was a professor at McAllister College in
St. Paul. Perhaps with the 1948 Senate cam
paign in mind, Gael Sullivan, executive direc
tor of the Democratic National Committee,
picked Mr. Humphrey to take part in the re
cent ‘‘radio meeting” of the Democratic Party.
Republicans Strong in State.
In Minnesota the Democrats and what is left
of the old Farmer-Labor Party have Joined
hands to become an amalgamated party. They
have not, however, made much headway to
date. Minnesota has a Republican Governor,
two United States Senators and seven out of
eight members of the House of the same poli
tical persuasion, and a heavily Republican State
Legislature. It is in such a state, however, that
the CIO and AFL leaders have tackled the Job
of eliminating the colorful and hard-hitting
Mr. Ball, who was appointed to the Senate in
October, 1940, by former Gov. Stassen and who
was elected Senator in 1942.
Mr. Ball aroused the ire of Republicans in
his State in 1944 when he came out for the re
election of President Rooeevelt^-because he
preferred Mr. Roosevelt's stand on international
affairs to that of Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of
New York. Many of them were ready to take
the Senator apart with their bare hands, after
that episode. Apparently most of them have
calmed down since. Mr. Ball has been going
steadily ahead, supporting Republican meas
ures in the Senate and Republican candidates
at the polls. Mr. Ball had a leading part in
the Stassen-for-President campaign in 1944—
and he is expected to have the support of the
Stassen following for a senatorial renominat.lnn
in the primaries in September, 1948. Inci
dentally, he will be working lor Mr. Stassen for
the Republican presidential nomination next
Brisk Fight Held Certain.
The only Republican so far to raise his head
as a potential opponent of Mr. Ball next year
is Stafford King—about 50 years old—who has
been State auditor for 20 years. Whether Mr.
King will actually enter the primary against
Mr. Ball, or whether some other Republican!
will, is a mere matter of surmise today. How
ever, it looks as though Mr. Ball would be able
to win in any event—and, once he has the
Republican nomination, to win re-election over
May or Humphrey or any other Democrat.
That there will be a brisk, even desperate, fight
waged by the union leaders to defeat Mr. Ball
is certain, however.
Senator Ball is chairman of the Joint Con
gressional Committee to study the working of
the Taft-Hartley law, labor-management re
lations in general, and to submit proposals for
any amendments to the law that it may deem
wise. He plans to call his committee, com
posed of seven Senators and seven Representa
tives, to meet in Washington in October. He
has been in Washington recently recruiting a
committee staff to study these labor problems.
In Mr. Ball’s opinion, the Taft-Hartley labor
law is working well. There have been few
major labor disturbances since it went into
effect. While there has been much talk of
"avoiding” the terms of the law, he finds that
both labor and management, in their con
tracts, are complying “pretty well.”
Questions and Answers
A reader can obtain the anawar to any queatlon
of fact by writing The Evening Star Information
Bureau. 31R I atreet N.E. Waahlngton 2. D. C
Please Include 3 centa for return noataga,
Q. Who first said, “Let them eat cake”?
—C. P. A.
A. Although Queen Marie Antoinette of
France is generally credited with this phrase,
it is found in “Rousseau’s Confessions” written
in 1737-41. Marie Antoinette lived from 1755
to 1793.
Q. I read that King Haakon of Norway re
ceived 1,000,000 kroner annually. How much
is this in our money?—H. L. H.
A. Since a Norwegian Krone is now wortn
about 20.16 cents In United States money, his
salary would be equivalent to $201,600.
Q. Do migratory birds travel by day or by
night?—L. G. R.
A. Some migratory birds travel Indifferently
by day or night, as the wading or swimming
birds. Others, such as cranes, gulls, pelicans
and swallows, generally travel by day when
Q. Please give the name of the plane which
carried the bomb dropped on Hiroshima —
R. M. L.
A. The Super Fortresses which dropped the
first atomic bomb on Hiroshima was named
Enola Gay.
Q. How many marriages have taken place
between members of Unted States forces and
German girls?—C. S. E
A. Since the lifting of the American-German
marriage ban in December, 1946, up to June 30,
1947, approximately 2,225 applications have
been received throughout the United States
zone, of which 946 have been approved.
Q. How many of the working mothers in
the United States are heads of families?—
R. G. P.
A. It was estimated in 1946 that of the
1,250,000 working mothers, 890,000 were de
scribed by the Census Bureau as wives of the
heads of normal families <both husband and
wife present) in which there were children
under 6 years. There were 350,000 classified
as heads of families in which there were one
or more young children._
Let Him Go Forth
Let him go forth
If go he would
To move a mountain
Or stem a flood,
To hold back tides
That are outward swirled,
To find a treasure
Or save the world.
Let him go forth
Nor say he’ll meet
With heartbreak here
Or there defeat,
For none can measure
Or chart the span
Of what man may do
If he thinks he can.

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