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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 09, 1947, Image 6

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16 European Nations
Set Needs From U. S.
At $21,900,
By th» Asi<xiat«d Prm
PARIS, Sept. 9.—The 16 Eu
ropean nations lined up behind
the Marshall Plan figure they
will need some $21,900,000,000
from the United States in the
next four years to spend abroad
for food or the means to pro
duce it.
The Food and Agriculture Sub
committee of the Committee for
Economic Co-operation—the central
body of the European Marshall plan
setup—compiled this estimate and
sent it up to the latter committee
for study beginning today.
Trimmed From 25 Billions.
A conference informant said the
subcommittee had trimmed the esti
mate from about $25,000,000,000 on
advice of George Kennan, director
of Secretary of State Marshall’s
policy planning board. He said the
general committee would seek fur
ther cuts.
Four other subcommittees—on
iron and steel, timber, energy and
made estimates which altogether
totaled less than that of the Food
and Agriculture Subcommittee.
Gen. Marshall proposed June 10
that Europe draw up a balance
sheet of what it could provide for
itself and what it would need from
the United States postwar recovery.
The committees are doing this now
and are expected to report this
month. Russia and eight other
Eastern European nations decided
not to take part.
Picture Given in Report.
The report of the Food and Agri
culture Subcommittee gave this
picture:
The plan would operate for four
years—1948 through 1951.
In that time the 16 nations, their
dependent overseas territories and
occupation zones of Germany, would
need in all about $32,700,000,000
worth of food, feed, fertilizer and
agricultural machinery.
Of this the overseas territories
could supply about $6,200,000,000
worth.
The nations themselves would ex
port about $4,600,000,000 worth of
goods of various kinds — getting
that many dollars to buy more food
I and the like.
This would leave them still short
j about $21,900,000,000 — which they
j will seek under the Marshall plan.
Estimates of Deficit.
TTiis deficit, by subcommittee esti
mate, will amount to $5,100,000,000
in 1948, $5,800,000,000 in 1949,
$5,600,000,000 in 1950 and $5,400,000,
000 in 1951.
Included in the list of overall
food-and-agriculture needs were:
grain $8,920,000,000, oils and fats
$6,652,000,000, meat (mainly for
Britain) $4,179,000,000, tobacco $975,
000,000, fertilizer $449,000,000 and
agriculture machinery (including
S 65,000 tractors) $932,000,000.
The report said Western Europe’s
j food scarcity, worse tjian a year ago,
I could be overcome only by “a simul
taneous increase of imports and
domestic production within a frame
work of general economic recovery.”
Pepper
(Continued From First Page.)
street N.W., was born in Washing
ton, attended parochial and public
elementary schools here and is a
graduate of Western High School
and the Wilson Normal School.
She received her bachelor of arts
and master’s degrees from George
Washington University and has done
graduate work at that school and
at the University of Maryland and
Columbia University.
During the last three years she
has been active as a participant and
an organizer of courses in child
growth and development at Wilson
Teacher’s College.
She began her teaching in the
public schools in Alexandria and
in 1916 was appointed to the District
public schools. She taught at
Cranch, Force and Adams elemen
tary schools and at the Brightwood
Junior High School annex.
Served in Many Schools.
From 1926 to 1928 she was teach
ing principal at the Brookland
school and then served as adminis
trative principal of the Henry Clay,
Brookland, Bunker Hill, Noyes, E.
V. Brown, Browne and Lafayette
Schools.
In addition to her school experi
ence she has worked as a secretary
for the Navy League and as a clerk
at the War Trade Board. From
1943 to 1945 she served as presi
dent of the Education Association
of the District.
She is a member of the Ele
mentary School Principals’ Asso
ciation, the. American Women’s
Voluntary Services, the Columbian
Women of George Washington
University, the joint legislative
counsel of the Washington Schools
land the Department of Classroom
! Teachers of the National Educa
i tional Association.
• —
World Police
j (Continued From First Page.)
’ stroyers, 24 minesweepers, 12 sub
I marines, 24 escort vessels.
CITED STATES:
Ground forces, 20 divisions.
Air forces. 3,800 planes, including
I 1.250 strategic and tactical bombers
I 2,250 fighter bombers, 300 miscel
laneous.
Naval forces, 3 battleships, 6 car
riers, 15 cruisers, 84 destroyers, 9C
submarines, 6 assault shipping ant
craft for number of divisions shown
, BRITAIN:
Ground forces. 8-12 divisions.
Air forces, 1,200 planes, including
, 600 bombers, 400 fighters, 200 mis
cellaneous.
Naval forces, 2 battleships, 4 car
riers, 6 cruisers. 24 destroyers, 4i
escort vessels, 24 minesweepers, 1!
submarines:
FRANCE: 41
Ground forces, 16 divisions, includ
ing 3 armored, 3 air-borne, 10 motor
ized or mountain.
Air forces, 1,275 planes, including
225 strategic bombers, 150 mediurr
bombers, 400 light bombers, 30C
fighters, 200 reconnaissance.
Naval forces, 3 battleships, 6 car
riers, 9 cruisers, 18-24 destroyers, 3(
escort vessels, 30 minesweepers, li
submarines, 1 assault shipping anc
craft for number of divisions shown
CHINA:
Supported the provisions estimate
made by Britain.
More Gum Promised
The Hague reports that thi
Dutch intend shortly to encouragi
• production in Java of jelutong, fo
! which the country seems to be wel
adapted. Jelutong, it is polntee
I out by observers, is the stuff fron
which bubble gum is made.

Friendly Bandit
Who Took Girl to
Bus Calls Again
By th« Auociatcd Pratt
DETROIT, Sept. 9.—A friendly
bandit who held up a dry cleaning
store and took $53 last Tuesday
night and then escorted Barbara
Seabert, the clerk, to her bus stop,
paid another call last night—getting
$23 this time.
Eighteen-year-old Barbara told
police she looked up from her work
to see a familiar smiling face and
hear a pleasant voice announce,
“Here I am again.”
Recognizing the caller, she said
she reached for the telephone, but
the polite bandit displayed a gun
and admonished, “Here, here, none
of that.”
He had just appropriated $23
from the cash register when the
telephone rang and a passerby
looked in at the door, the young
clerk reported. She answered the
phone and the man fled.
On his last visit, Barbara said
the bandit confided while walking
to the bus stop that he was a mar
ried veteran with a child and was
just getting his start in the robbery
business. Police continued efforts
to nip his career quickly.
burope
(Continued From First Page.t
the entire economy at once.” The
increased production “must start in
such bottleneck industries as coal
and food and the industries which
lie back of them, and then spread
as rapidly as possible to other in
dustries.”
Full Utilization of Capacity.
3. Production must concentrate
“on the full utilization of existing
capacity before long-range plans
of development and expansion are
undertaken.”
4. The goals of production must
be higher than prewar. “The
necessity for higher levels of out
put than before the war is the re
sult of the fact that requirements
for reconstruction are large; that
exports must exceed prewar levels
to purchase the same volume of
imports because of the loss of for
eign investments and shipping,
fleets; that populations have in
creased, except in France, so that
there are more mouths to be fed,
more bodies to be clothed, more
heads to be covered with roofs.”
As for when the job will be com
plete, the report says this:
“The reconstruction of Europe
generally will not have been com
plete until the countries of Europe
no longer require special aid in
the form of relief or loans to main
tain a lewsl of imports required for
their sustenance.”
nussia Lais in comioacit.
The report found (hat by-and
large Western Europe is making a
quicker postwar comeback than
Russia and her seven satellite
nations.
Russia chose, both for herself and
her satellites, to boycott the mutual
help program envisioned by Secre
tary Marshall. At the time Amer
ican economists said the choice
probably was made at the co6t of
lower living standards in the Soviet
sphere.
Trade figures contained in the
report made available today appear
to bear out that prediction.
They show that 1946 exports from
the 12 countries of Western Europe
covered in the survey attained 49.3
per cent of the 1938 rate considered
normal. The eight eastern coun
tries, including Russia, show a re
covery to only 39.6 per cent.
Russian Trade Better/ ,
Russia herself, however, is enjoy
ing a much healthier foreign trade
than any of her satellites. Soviet
exports are listed at 74.1 per cent
of 1938 and imports at 96.8 per cent.
Total exports for Finland, Czecho
slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugo
slavia, Bulgaria and Poland, are put
at 32.2 per cent and imports at 34
per cent.
Western Europe’s imports are
rated at 68.7 per cent.
These figures, although they re
veal that Western Europe is able to
export more than Eastern Europe,
also show that Western Europe is
piling up international debts faster,
since it is buying more. And most of
those debts are owed to the United
States.
Portugal, according to the report,
is making money faster than any
other nation in Europe. It is buy
ing at 121 per cent of the 1938 rate,
but selling at 173 per cent. Spain is
the only other Western European
nation which is piling up credits,
selling more than it is buying at
percentages of 81.7 and 53.5, respec
tively. Both countries were neutral
during the war.
Russia Piling Up Debts.
In the Russian orbit both Czecho
slovakia and Yugoslavia are selling
more than they are buying.
Russia, herself, is piling up some
debts at her 96.8 per cent buying
rate and 74.1 selling figure.
On that score Britain is playing
it closer to the vest, importing at a
rate of 61.8 per cent of 1938 but
selling at 84.8 per cent.
The Western European nations
on which this report is based omit
four which have taken part in the
Palis talks on the Marshall plan—
Iceland, Eire, Luxembourg and
Turkey — but do include Spain,
which was not invited to Paris.
The report provides this table
comparing 1946 imports and exports
Imports. Exports
per cent, per cent
Western Europe—
France _ 61.0 34.5
Belgium . 83.6 49.7
Netherlands _ 55.4 27.6
Norway . 80.3 66.6
Sweden _ 95.1 80.6
Denmark __ 88.7 53.4
Switzerland _117.1 110.5
Austria . 4.1 5.6
Italy . 49.6 28.3
Greece _ 21.8 6.3
Spain _ 53.5 81.7
Portugal . 121.5 173.1
Total .- 68.7 49.3
Germany _ 16.8 5.5
Britain _ 61.8 84.8
Eastern Europe—
Finland _ 51.3 50.0
Czechoslovakia _ 37.5 43.1
Hungary _ 13.9 12.4
Romania _ 37.0 11.0
Yugoslavia _ 19.4 25.1
Bulgaria _ 41.6 36.8
Poland .. 30.1 31.7
Subtotal . 34.0 32.2
Russia ..... 96.8 74.1
Total Eastern
Europe _ 46.4 39.6
Legionnaires in England
SOUTHAMPTON. England. Sept
> 9 (JP).—One hundred thirty-flvf
s American Legionnaires, headed bj
• Past National Comdr. Paul H. Grif
1 fith, arrived last night on the Queer
1 Elizabeth for a tour of Prance, Ger
iimany, Belgium, Italy and Switzer
land.
i
Employment Services
Hailed tor Increasing
Economic Security
Warning that the record-break
ing employment figures now being
set in this country were the result
of “widespread inflation” and ab
normal postwar production, David
A. Morse, Undersecretary of Labor,
today called for increased use of
public employment services to main
tain our economic security.
Mr. Morse was the principal
speaker at this morning’s session
of the International Association of
Employment Services at American
University.
“The problem of employment
security is inseparable from a coun
try’s general economic situation,”
he said. “Both security of employ
ment and prosperity depend upon
the ability of labor resources and
the effective utilization of man
power.”
Discussing the employment prob
lem, he reported that the “employ
ment service here must be concerned
with counseling for workers having
obsolescent skills, new entrants to
the labor market and those in need
of vocational adjustment.”
In order to obtain efficiency in
employment as well as full employ
ment, public placement services
must concern themselves with job
security, chances for promotion and
advancement and the workers’ suit
ability to the jobs, he said.
Mr. Morse, in emphasizing the
need for co-ordinated, well-func
tioning employment services all over
the world, pointed to the conven
tion and recommendations recently
adopted by the 30th session of the
International Labor Conference.
VFW
(Continued From First Page.)
Bradley to conduct an Investigation
of employers under the on-the-job
training program to make sure the
veterans "are getting the training
they are entitled to.”
In a surprise action, the dele
gates also voted to ask the vet
erans’ agency to furnish chiroprac
tic services to veterans as a regu
lar part of the medical program.
A perennial issue with the organ
ization, the resolution was approved
after several delegates spoke of ben
efits they have received from chiro
practic treatment.
The organization also approved a
resolution demanding that the Jus
tice Department start court pro
ceedings to outlaw the Communist
Party in America and to stop pub
lication of the Daily Worker.
District Unit Sporsors Resolution.
Under the motion, voted unani
mously by delegates to the group’s
annual convention, delegates asked
President Truman to order the At
torney General to start the suit.
If that action fails, It said, the
next VFW commander “is author
ized” to “take appropriate action to
carry out the full intent of this
resolution.”
The resolution was submitted by
the District of Columbia dpartment
and was prepared by Charles Sul
livan, Jr., Judge advocate of the de
partment. Mr. Sullivan is a Vet
erans’ Administration attorney.
Elect Officers Today.
The organization will elect new
officers in winding up the en
campment today.
New commander is expected to be
Ray H. Brannaman of Denver, pop
ular World War I veteran who
served this year as senior vice com
mander.
Lyall T. Beggs, another World War
I veteran, Madison, Wis., is the only
announced candidate so far to suc
ceed Mr. Brannaman. Leading can
didates for the junior vice com
mander post are Clyde Lewis of
Plattsburg, N. Y., and James C.
Hayes of Winston-Salem, N. C„ with
strongest support reported to be for
Mr. Lewis.
Late Night Session.
In a special session w'hich lasted
past midnight, the convention
strongly indorsed universal military
training.
John C. Williamson, VFW legisla
tive officer, also announced he will
submit a plan for each VFW post
and department in the country to
hold rallies on support of the Taft
Ellender-Wagner housing bill—after
delegates indorsed the measure and
made its vetrans’ housing recom
mendations the top VFW legislative
goal for next year. A resolution
calling for extention of rent control
was defeated.
Support of the long-range hous
ing bill was directly opposed to ac
tion by the American Legion con
vention last week.
However, among recommendations
in the VFW resolution was one that
all public housing built by the Gov
ernment be offered for sale to
private buyers within 15 years after
construction. Opposition to Federal
control through public housing was
a main objection voiced by the
Legion.
Strict Economy for VFW.
Delegates last night also unani
: mously adopted a Finance Commit
tee report calling for strict economy
measures by the organization during
the next year.
The report was made after audi
tors’ statements revealed that VFW
expenses last year totaled $432,000
more than its income. Blame for
the deficit was placed on expecta
tions of a greatly increased mem
bership which failed to materialize,
and a loss of many members en
rolled last year.
The convention also voted to cut
expenses by eliminating a monthly
newspaper and combining its fa
cilities with those for the VFW
monthly magazine “Foreign Serv
ice. Both are published in Kansas
City. Another resolution which di
rected that all public relations func
tions be centered at Kansas City
may come on the floor for recon
sideration today. The group now has
a press section in Washington, pri
marily to work with its legislative
office.
Medical ROTC Unit Planned
CHARLOTTESVILLE, V&., Sept
9 (j<P).—An Army Medical Reserve
officers’ trainging corps is to be or
ganized at the University of Vir
ginia at the beginning of the ses
sion of 1947-8 under the command
of Maj. Francis W. Regnier.
| STOP THOSE FEET
FROM HURTING SO!
Why suffer, day after day? Instead,
take 10 extra seconds each morning
and before going out evenings, to
dust Meritt Medicated Powder on
those hurting feet. WonderfuUj driea
up toot moisture^
Unconditional monej
D.C. Grand Jury Hears
6 Filling Station Men
In Antitrust Probe
Six Washington filling station
operators said the District grand
jury, now Investigating the gaso
line and oil business in this area,
questioned them today about price
survey data provided by the Retail
Gasoline Dealers, Inc. *
Justice Department officials dis
closed, meanwhile, that further
grand jury inquires into possible
anti-trust law violations may be
started here this week. Letters of
authorization by Attorney General
Clark were expected to be filed late
today with the clerk of the criminal
division of District Court.
The nature of the additional in
vestigations was not disclosed but
they were reported to be connected
with the department’s general pro
gram of investigations in the food,
clothing and housing industries.
Witnesses Named.
Today’s witnesses before the gaso
line investigation grand jury were
Hubert Peterson, an independent
dealer; Robert E. Harding and
Harry C. Putnam, both dealers who
lease filling stations from the
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey;
Glenn V. Ohler, a Shell Oil Co.
dealer, and two other Washington
dealers who declined to give their
names to reporters.
The witness said later they were
questioned particularly about a
petroleum products price survey
moHn Kir tKn Dntoil f~la ervlinn Tlao 1 _
ers, Inc. The association, they ex
plained, provided its members with
detailed information on industry
prices in the wholesale and retail
fields, and in connection with filling
station services as well as gas and oil.
The dealers also said they were
asked about their price relationships
with major oil companies. They de
clared that they told the grand jury
that retail prices of gasoline, oil and
filling station services were not dic
tated by the suppliers or distribu
tors, nor were they fixed by the Re
tail Gasoline Dealers, Inc.
Many of the witnesses reportedly
scheduled to appear before the jury
during the remainder of the week
also are filling station operators.
Since August 26, the jury has heard
area and district managers of major
oil companies and representatives
of the Retail Gasoline Dealers, Inc.,
a Washington association.
L. V. Houser, who operates a
station here on lease from the
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey,
testified yesterday as the first in
dividual dealer to be subpoenaed.
Other witnesses yesterday were
George W. Butler, district manager
of the Standard Oil Co. of New Jer
sey and Wallace S. Linfoot, presi
dent of the Retail Gasoline Dealers,
Inc. Mr. Linfoot also testified two
weeks ago.
New Objective Declared.
Justice Department officials did
not disclose the prospective investi
gations that would be covered by
new letters of authorization from
the Attorney General. Mr. Clark
filed a similar letter last month
putting Assistant Attorney General
John F. Sonnett, head of the anti
trust, uivisiun, ui tiiaigc ui giuuu
jury investigation and prosecution
of possible antitrust law violations
in the housing and building con
struction fields.
A letter of authorization of this
kind is necessary so special prose
cutors from the Justice Department
can present evidence to District
grand Juries.
Rev. Waldo Whipple, 65,
Twice Army Chaplain, Dies
By the Aliocioted Pres.
GOSHEN, Vt., Sept. 9.—The Rev.
Waldo Whipple Weller, 65, retired
Methodist clergyman and an Army
chaplain in both World Wars died
suddenly yesterday.
He retired in June after 40 years
in the ministry, having held pastor
ates in New YorK, New Jersey and
Pennsylvania. At one time he was
minister of fine arts in the Southern
Califomia-Arizona Conference of
the Methodist Church.
A native of Buffalo Park, Kan.,
he served with the Army in France
in World War I and in the recent
war was a chaplain on Governor’s
Island, N. Y.
His widow, the former Clara
Handy of Hyannis, Mass., a. son, Lt.
Col. Donald W. Weller, U. S. M. C.,
stationed at Quantico, Va„ and a
daughter, Mrs. Robert Sweitzer of
Madison, Conn., survive.
Burial will be in Arlington
Lodge Deplores Untruths
About U. S. in Europe
NEW YORK, Sept. 9.—Senator
Lodge, Republican, of Massachus
etts, returning from a six-week in
vestigation tour of Greece, Italy,
France and England, said today it
was ‘‘shocking to learn of the mis
representations and untruths widely
circulated and believed about the
United States in Europe.”
Senator Lodge, his wife and two
sons were among 1,997 passengers
aboard the British liner Queen
Mary.
The Senator, who went abroad as
a member of a subcommittee of the
Senate Foreign Relations Commit
tee, refused to give any specific
illustrations of the manner in which
the United States was being mis
represented.
He said, however, that “the worst
possible motive is being applied to
everything we do. It is indispensa
ble that people know the truth about
each other, but everything we do is
twisted around.
“It comes from people who for
reasons best known to themselves
don’t like the United States. A lot
of things are at the bottom of it.”
Marshall and Wendell Baby Grand Piano, Bradbury Baby Grand
Piano, Chickering Concert Grand Piano, Bedroom, Dining Boom and
Living Boom Furniture of Every Description, Pictures, China, Bric-a
Brac, Glassware, Jewelry, Silverware, Lamps, Draperies, Fireplace
Brasses, Chinese Art Objects, Books, * New Lyon Cabinet Sinks, etc.
at public auction
at SLOAN'S
715 - 13th St.
WEDNESDAY
September 10th
starting at 10 A.M.
Now On View
Terns CASH. C. C. SWJAN * CO.. INC.. Auctioneer*
Established 1891
Truman Calls for'the Works'
In Initiation by 'Shellbacks'
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
ABOARD THE U. S. S. MIS
SOURI. Sept. 9.—No punches are
to be pulled in graduating him from
a pollywog to a shellback when the
“Mighty Mo’’ crosses the Equator
Thursday, President Truman an
nounced today.
The President served notice on
the pollywogs in his party that they
could expect to take it, too. He
even threw his daughter to the
shellbacks.
“I’ll see everybody gets their fair
share, including my daughter,” said
Mr. Truman.
A pollywog is one who has never
crossed the Equator at sea. A shell
back has, and makes the most of it.
President Truman is the No. 1
pollywog. He has crossed the aqua
tor by air but never by sea. Sixteen
hundred other polliwogs will be
initiated with him. Rumors of what
is to happen to them spread on the
ship’s grapevine after 350 shellbacks
held secret meetings.
Davey Jones will board the Mis
souri tomorrow night through a
hause pipe with a message from
King Neptune. Davey will be Chief
Machinist’s Mate Robert Zeitler of
Flushing, N. Y. The message will
instruct Capt. Robert L. Dennison
to hove the ship to at the equator
for the boarding of Neptunus Rex
himself.
Paddling is a favorite method of
initiation. Pollywogs may find
themselves shoved in the ship's
swimming tank. The air may be
full of buckets of water and old
shoes. Electric shocks are a modern
improvement in the ceremony. Nep
tunus Rex enthroned directs what
form the initiation of each pollywog
will take.
Admiral William D. Leahy, presi
dential chief of staff, is the senior
shellback aboard. He was initiated
40 years ago.
After the President and his party
showed that they could take it the
weather turned to bright sunshine
today as the Missouri passed out
of the storm area of last night.
President Truman was on deck
bright and early. He inspected the
enlisted men’s mess and later looked
over the Missouri’s great guns. As
an old Artilleryman, he expressed
his appreciation of them. He missed
only the aircraft defense guns aloft.
A 21-knot northeaster yesterday
sent big waves booming against the
ship’s hull. Sometimes the white
caps half hid convoying destroyers.
Some crewmen reported seasick
ness, but the presidential party has
borne up well in this respect so far.
The Missouri was making around
19 knots when, at noon today, she
was estimated to be 275 miles east!
of Porto Seguro, Brazil.
JamesS. Davidson, Sr.,
Real Estate Broker,
Dies at Home Here
James Slater Davidson, sr., 78
Washington real estate and insur
ance broker for the last 38 years
died last night at his home, 232-3
Nineteenth street
N.W. He had
been in ill health
for a year.
Mr. Davidson,
a member of one
of Washington’s
oldest families,
was born in Be
thesda, the son
of the late Dr.
James H. and
Sarah Slater
Bradley David
son. He attend
ed the old Rit
tenhouse Acad
emy in Washing- Mr. Davidson,
ton; Columbia College, now George
Washington University, and was
graduated in law from Western Re
serve in Cleveland, Ohio.
For about three years he was with
the Consular Service in Sheffield
England. These were the only years
Mr. Davidson lived outside of the
V/ashington-Bethesda area. In 1910
he moved to Chevy Chase, D. C., and
since 1919 he had been living at the
Nineteenth street address.
Mr. Daftdson was associated with
Davidson & Davidson, real estate
nnrl irtPiivnnna 1 f)19 Piftpputb
street N.W., at the time of his death.
He was in business with his nephew.
He was an active member of St.
Thomas Episcopal Church and was
also a member of the Association of
Oldest Inhabitants.
Survivors are his widow, Mrs
Katherine Archibald Davidson, oi
the Nineteenth street address: a
daughter, Mrs. Fred S. Cross, Wil
mington, Del.; a son, J. Slater Dav
idson. jr., 6524 Ridgewood avenue,
Chevy Chase, Md„ vice president of
the Charles H. Tompkins Co., and
three grandsons.
Funeral services will be held at
10:30 a.m. Thursday at St. Thomas
Episcopal Church, Eighteenth and
Church streets N.W. The Rev. H. H
Clement will officiate, assisted by
Rev. Dr. Howard S. Wilkinson
Private burial will be in Union
Memorial Cemetery, Rockville, Md
Toft
(Continued From First Page.i_
of the Republican National Com
mittee.
They have been making a survej
of Taft sentiment throughout the
country, sending letters to Repub
lican office holders everywhere. Thej
have had a large response—some
favorable and some adverse—but ir
the main it is reported to be verj
encouraging to the Ohio Republi
cans, who are solidly back of Sen
ator Taft for President.
Senator Taft, in an interview witl
most of the 35 correspondents whe
are making the swing to the Pacific
Coast with him, said that he woulc
make a definite statement on hfc
political plans about a week or twc
after he returns home to Cincinnati
October 5.
His first public appearance or
this trip will be in Santa Cruz
Calif., where he will take part ir
panel debates before the California
Bar Association Friday. He will be
paired with Representative Halleck,
Republican, of Indiana against Sen
ator Murray, Democrat, of Montana
and Representative Madden, Demo
crat, of Indiana. The subjects oi
debate will be “States’ Rights and
Federal Control” and “Labor-Man
agement Legislation.”
Five Major Addresses.
Senator Taft will make at le»st
five major addresses during the trip
which takes him into Oregon, Wash
ington, Nevada, Idaho and Wyoming
in addition to California. He saic
today that he would probably hav<
to carry on a running discussion o
the Taft-Hartley labor law all din
ing the trip.
He admitted the law was belni
made an issue by the labor unions
but insisted “I do not see how it cai
be made a successful political issue.
Another issue with which he wil
deal particularly is that of foreigi
policy.1
Senator Taft is accompanied b:
Mrs. Taft on this trip. They wil
be guests of Arthur B. Dunne, vie
'president of the California Bar As
sociation, at his place outside of
Santa Cruz, during their stay there.
Senator Taft leaves Chicago today
ahead of the correspondents who are
trailing him, and on a different train.
He looks in top shape, after a five
week holiday in Canada.
Halleck Joins in Chorus
Against Special Session
LOS ANGELES, Sept. 9 (A5).—“No
real necessity” exists lor calling a
special session of Congress at this
time, Representative Halleck, Re
publican, of Indiana, House Ma
jority Leader, declares.
Mr. Halleck, visiting here yes
terday, told reporters it was his
understanding that preliminary ne
gotiations on Marshall plan details
would not be completed until Con
gress reconvenes in regular session
in January.
As for universal training, he said
he believed the draft bill will be
high on the congressional agenda
in January—but not before.
Food Prices
(Continued From First Page.)
a pound in one chain in a week and
the price now is around 81 cents.
Poultry has made a 4-cent jump
in price, with fryers selling in chains
between 49 and 51 cents a pound.'
Retailers were making a strong
effort to hold down other food prices
despite mounting wholesale costs, i
One operator of a co-operative
chain notetd that his margin of
profit today was less than under
OPA controls. Asked if he would
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SPECIAL GROUP POLICY FOR
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Office Closed Saturdays
Emergency Auto Claims
Phone Temple 0748 or Sligo 4014
LONG & CURRY
Barr Building, 910 Seventeenth St. N.W.
Telephone NAtional 3610
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Congress Aid Asked
In Housing inquiry
Opening Tomorrow
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Sept. 9.—Leaders of
a congressional housing investiga
tion which opens tomorrow in
Washington are asking all members
of Congress to assist it.
Representative Gamble. Republi
can, of New York, chairman of the
Joint Committee on Housing, and
Senator McCarthy, Republican, of
Wisconsin, vice chairman, an
nounced at a news conference here
late yesterday that after the public
hearing which opens at 10 ami. to
morrow in the Capital others may
be held in several cities across the
Nation.
They said letters had been sent
to all Senators and Representatives
dicing them “to make a high-spot
survey of conditions in ««jeir State
jr oisinct auu kuu —
tion possible as fast as it is devel
oped.”
Senator McCarthy said the objec
tive of the investigation is ‘‘to
remedy” the housing shortage, not
to conduct ‘‘an inquisition" to place
olame for it. However, he added the
14-member committee will not "give
i damn whose toes we walk on.”
Senator McCarthy heads the sub
committee that will conduct the
Washington hearings. With him will
be Senator Wagner, Democrat, of
New York and Senator Flanders,
Republican, of Vermont. He said
Federal housing agencies, the Bu
reau of Standards and Census Bu
reau would be invited to submit data
at the first sessions.
Senator McCarthy said the com
mittee hoped to report to Congress
before next March 15, submitting
with its report legislation embrac
ing "the best parts” of some 55
existing bills on housing, including
the Taft-Hartley-Wagner bill.
Cities at which other public hear
ings may be held, Senator Mc
Carthy said, are Boston, New York,
Dallas, Birmingham, Chicago, Los
Angeles, Milwaukee, San Francisco,
Seattle and New Orleans. He said
the list may be expanded to include
St. Louis, Denver, Kansas City,
Philadelphia, Omaha and Baltimore.
welcome return of price controls,
he replied:
“Pro mthe standpoint of profit,
yes, I would like controls back.”
He pointed out that if he followed
the prewar markup on meats, top
grade round steak that now sells for
89 cents a pound would be offered at
about $1.05 a pound.
Sirloin and porterhouse steaks
ranged in price today from 89 to 95
cents a pound.
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