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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 10, 1947, Image 1

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Europe Must Have Stop-Gap Aid
Before Winter, Marshall Says;
Implies Need for Special Session
_______________ 4
Action by Congress
Would Be Needed,
Secretary Feels
By Garnett D. Horner
Secretary of State Marshall
said today that Europe must
have stop-gap American aid be
fore the end of this year to stave
off “intolerable hunger and cold”
and that only Congress can au
thorize it.
While he refused to say flatly that
a special session of Congress will
be necessary, Gen. Marshall de
clared^he did not believe this Gov
ernment would have the authority
to extend the necessary temporary
aid without congressional action.
“The question of how the neces
sary congressional authority is to be
obtained must await developments
oi tne next icw weciwn, wen. ******
shall told a news conference.
Two Phases of Situation.
He added that the State Depart
ment would have at hand by late
October adequate facts on which to
chart a course of action. He com
mented in this connection that the
majority of congressional commit
tees visiting Europe would have re
turned by that time.
Requirements of the critical Eu
ropean economic situation, he said,
fall into two phases of one program:
One, “some form of interim as
sistance to meet the immediate
threat of intolerable hunger and
Two, “the general program for
rehabilitation of the respective econ
The first point. Gen. Marshall de
clared, “will clearly have to be given
our urgent consideration and cannot
await the completion of the broader
study which the over-all program
Droughts Mentioned.
He said that, droughts following
an unusually severe winter, increas
ing crop shortages and other de
velopments “have had serious reper
Vintrn neorlorof or! f ho
need of some European countries
for assistance in reducing hunger
and cold this winter.”
Gen. Marshall said it was his most
intense .desire that whatever aid
this country might extend Europe
on an Interim basis fit in pajt and
parcel with the long-range pro
The long-range program, the so
called Marshall plan for compre
hensive American assistance to help
western European countries work
back to self-sustaining economies, is
being developed in detailed studies
in Europe and here.
Gen. Marshall said it was impos
sible to estimate now the cost of
even temporary aid needed this
winter. He said reports and data
are still coming, and the whole pic
ture is so complicated that it will
require the most careful approach
to make sure that any decisions
have a sound foundation in fact.
No Derision on Details.
Pressed for an indication of
whether he believed a special ses
sion of Congress will be necessary
this fall, he emphasized that he is
not in position yet to make up his
mini? on any details of what may
be required.
He refused any comment on the
possibility of the United States
rsee EUROPEAN, Page A-5.)
Eight Killed, 4 Missing
In British Mine Blast
•y the Associated Press
LONDON, Sept. 10.—Eight men
were killed and four were reported
missing today in an explosion in a
Yorkshire coal mine—seventh in a
series of British mine disasters in
which more than 150 men have been
killed this year.
The blast was in Thornhill Pit,
ucwcuui y, ui an aica wucic n
five-week-old unauthorized strike
has closed 44 collieries.
Spellman Nomination
To Vatican Expected
By Asaocioted Press
ROME, Sept. 10.—Agenzia Globe,
an Italian news agency, said today
that Pope Pius XII was expected
soon to nominate Francis Cardinal
Spellman, Archbishop of New York,
as Vatican secretary of state.
Reports that the pontiff was con
sidering the American primate for
the secretaryship have been recur
rent ever since Cardinal Spellman
was elevated to the Sacred College
early last year.
The agency dispatch, published in
the Rome newspaper Momento Sera,
said Cardinal Spellman was expected
. to come to Vatican City soon to
assume the post left vacant with
the death of Luigi Cardinal Maglione
in 1944.
Sources close to the Vatican
Secretariat said they knew nothing
of this report, but that it was pos
sible the cardinal would visit
Vatican City any time he wished.
Momento Sera appended an
editorial note to the Agenzia Globe
story saying the Pope had shown
special favor toward Cardinal
Spellman, but that he had not yet
decided definitely to accept a sug
gestion of Catholic leaders urging
the New Yorker for the secretary
Agenzia Globe said the nomina
tion of an American to the office
would signify that “the two greatest
powers that now dominate the
earth—the spiritual one of the
Vatican and the material one of
the United States—were emerging
from their reciprocal isolationism
and uniting to co-operate to put a
fit tie order into this convulsed
Text of Marshall Statement
Secretary of State Says Complete Data
On Needs Will Be Ready Late in October
The text of Secretary of State
Marshall’s statement today regard
ing the European economic situation
We have been following carefully
the reports of the economic situa
tion of the various European
We see the requirements of
these countries as falling into
two phases of one program: First,
some form of interim assistance to
meet the immediate threat of
intolerable hunger and cold; and
second, the general program for
hehabilitation of the respective
The nature of the long-term
problem of European reconstruc
tion and our attitude toward it
remain unchanged. But the short
term problem has become more
immediate. Bad droughts, follow
ing an unusually severe winter,
increasing crop shortages and re
strictive financial measures which
certain European governments
have already been obliged to take,
have had serious repercussions
and have accelerated the need of
some European countries for as
sistance in reducing hunger and
cold this winter.
France Offers to Give
Indo-China Self-Rule,
But Insists on Bases
Independence Conditioned
On Nation Remaining
Within French Union
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Sept. 10.—France of
fered today to turn over the ad
ministration of Indo-China to
the Viet-Namese if they would
remain within the French Union
and permit the French to retain
strategic military installations,
the French news agency re
Emile Bollaert, French high com
missioner to Indo-China. made the
offer in a speech at Handong, the
agency said in a dispatch from
‘•The offer I am making in the
name of the government of the re
public constitutes an indivisible
whole which is to be accepted or
oc o nrVrnlP ” t.ViP flffPfir.V
quoted him as saying.
"This is my last appeal.”
Promises no Reprisals.
Mr. Bollaert also offered an ex
change of prisoners and said there
would be no reprisals against the
Viet-Namese. who have been fight
ing the French since last Decem
ber, because of a dispute as to the
future status of Indo-China, long
a French colony.
Another condition of the French
offer was that France keep control
of Indo-China's foreign policy.
This was a point on which the
French and Ho Chi-minh, Viet-Nam
President, disagreed in a Paris con
ference that broke up last year
before the beginning of hostilities.
President Ho insisted that Viet-Nam
should control its own foreign
Mr. Bollaert returned to Indo
China 10 days after Paris talks
with Socialist Premier Paul Rama
dier and other ministers. His state
ment today had been heralded as
jthe French government's final oflB
| cial word on Indo-Chinese policy.
Talk Addressed to People.
Mr. Bollaert’s speech, according
to the agency account, was addressed
I “to the whole Viet-Namese people,”
and said all future relations between
France and Indo-China would be
based on “liberty within the French
He said the French Union—a term
the government substituted two
years ago for “French Colonial Em
pire"—could be adapted to widely
varied peoples’ needs.
"Renouncing direct and indirect
administration,” Mr. Bollaert said,
“Prance is ready to turn over to
qualified governments the exercise
of public functions and offers them
insofar as they may need it the co
operation of its civil* servants and
He said Prance asked the right
(See INDO-CHINA, Page A-6.)
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow radio, broadcasting
| in Romania to Europe last week said:
"Today even Britain and
i France are convinced as a result
of tHeir own experience how
1 wrong is the foundation of the
Marshall Plan, which they had
so assiduously tried to translate
i into i fact.
"The dollar crisis, from which
Great Britain suffers and which
has contaminated France, was
caused by the mercenary condi
tions imposed by the American
aid and by the tendency of the
American monopolist trusts to
extend their control over the
French and British economies.
As the Marshall Plan is grad
ually being revealed as to what
in reality it is—an American
plan of domination in Europe
—so the peoples of Europe in
crease their vigilance and in
tensify their desire to defend
their economic independence and
iheir national sovereignty against
the assaults of American auto
In these circumstances this
phase of the requirements will
clearly have to be given our
urgent consideration and can not
await the completion of the
broader study which the over-all
program demands.
We expect that, by the latter
part of October, we will have
available working papers on the
basis of which the appropriate
congressional committees could
undertake consideration of means
to supplement European supplies
of food and fuel for the coming
winter where it can be shown
that every effort has been made
locally to meet the critical needs.
The majority of the congres
sional committees visiting Europe
will have returned by that time.
We hope that shortly thereafter
the complete data for the Euro
pean recovery program can be
screened and made available in
order that the problem may be
faced in its entirety and that any
action taken to meet immediate
needs may be correlated into the
general program.
The question of how the neces
sary congressional authority is
to be obtained must await de
velopments of the next few weeks.
NLRB Split on Scope
Of Anti-Red Pledges,
AFL Officials Declare
Several Board Members
Said to Take Issue
With Denham's Ruling
By James Y. Newton
Star Staff Correspondent
CHICAGO, Sept. 10.—AFL offi
cials declared here today that
the National Labor Relations
Board had split over interpreta
tion of the Taft-Hartley Act,
especially the section requiring
union officials to file non-Com
munist affidavits.
Federation officers attending an
Executive Council meeting said
there was wide disagreement be
tween NLRB members and Robert
N. Denham, board general counsel.
over application of some sections
of the law.
They said several board members
took issue with Mr. Denham’s rul
ing that the law required all
officers of the AFL and CIO as
well as officers of individual unions
to file the Communist statements.
Board members held, it was said,
that unions should not be denied
services of the board simply because
an officer of the AFL, not connected
■ with their union, should refuse to
i file.
Reports of that split, it was
learned, were at least partially re
| sponsible for postponement by the
: Executive Council of a final decision
in the question of whether to file
; the affidavits with the NLRB. The
council is composed entirely of AFL
officers. Some members said they
believed there was a change the
Denham ruling would be changed,
but that was not the view of the
majority. The council is still ex
pected to approve compliance with
the Denham order on Friday.
Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio,
co-author of the new labor relations
law, told newsmen in Chicago yes
terday that it was not his intention
to deny a union use of the law’s pro
visions and the NLRB simply be
cause an officer of the AFL or CIO
refused to file a non-Communist
affidavit. He said, however, that he
was not taking issue with Mr. Den
ham’s interpretation of the law. Mr.
Taft said the general counsel's rul
ing may be in accord with the way
the Taft-Hartley Act is written,
adding that he could not recall its
precise language.
AFL President William Green
came back sharply at reports that
Senator Taft had said the Taft
Hartley law would not be a major
issue when next year’s presidential
campaign is underway.
"We will see that the Taft-Hart
ley law will be kept the outstanding
issue in 1948." Mr. Green declared.
“That is our fixed, static, immovable
and uncompromising position. Can
I make it any stronger?
Complete Repeal Is Goal.
“We want complete repeal of this
law, even if it means that the old
Wagner Act would be wiped out
with it. We functioned pretty well
evdn before we had the Wagner
“We are determined to wipe the
iTaft-Hartley law off the books and
to retire every member of Congress
who voted for it.”
AFL leaders said that they will
announce later in the meeting here
just what they intend to do about
the Taft-Hartley Act.
An Executive Council statement
(See AFL. Page A-5.)
23,112 Recruited by Army
in Month; Quota Is 30,000
By th« Associated Press
Thenar Department said today
the Army received 23,112 recruits
during August.
This compares with the average of
30.000 a month which the Army esti
mates it needs for a total organized
strength of 1,070,000.
The latest available strength figure
is 973,000 as of August 1, but the
rate of decrease presumably brings
the total at this time down to about
Futile U. S. Plea
For Exodus Jews
Disclosed Here
Britain Was Asked to
Reconsider Return to
Reich, Marshall Says
By the Associated Press
Secretary of State Marshall
disclosed today that the United
States futilely urged the British
government to reconsider its de
cision to send the 4,311 Exodus
Jews back to Germany.
In a news conference comment
Gen. Marshall revealed strong Amer
ican disapproval of the British ac
Three shiploads of the Jews, seek
ing to enter Palestine on the Exodus
1947, were turned back and their
disembarkation at Hamburg was
completed yesterday.
viwi. mat ouaii oam ruuci ivou uui"
cials had been keenly aware of the
unfortunate results which would
follow from the British decision to
unload the Jews at Hamburg. The
British had to use force to remove
some of them.
Their final disposition is still tin
settled and some are reported on a
hunger strike.
Gen. Marshall said the American
Government urged the British to
reconsider their decision.
The British replied, he said, that
the only available housing was in
However, Gen. Marshall added
that a French offer of admittance
was still open and that the Jewish
refugees therefore need not neces
sarily remain long in Germany.
Bomb-Planters Sought
Among Exodus Jews
HAMBURG, Germany, Sept. 10
(JP).—Fifty of the Jewish Exodus
1947 lefugees are under arrest and
a search is on for those responsible
for planting a bomb aboard one of
the three transports which brought
them to Oermany, a British official
announced today.
The official did not disclose the
reason for the arrests. Some of
those held were believed to be
suspected of having led the resist
ance to debarkation aboard the
transport Ocean Vigour Monday
and the Runnymede Park yester
day, when the Jews were subdued
by soldiers using truncheons and
fire hoses.
The remainder of the 4,311 Exodus
refugees, intercepted aboard their
immigrant ship off Palestine in
mid-July, were in displaced persons
camps. Some of them were re
ported on a hunger strike against
their British custodians.
screening was Degun to sort out
those suspected of Criminal activi
ties, those to be returned to the
German economy because of their
German origin, and those who qual
ify for care under the International
Refugee Organization <IRQ>.
A British naval officer said he be
(See EXODUS, Page A-6.)
Treaty Ratifications Set
Sept. 15 in Paris, Moscow
ly (he Anocia(ed Pres.
LONDON, Sept. 10.—The British
Foreign Office announced today the
Allied peace treaties with the five
former Axis satellite states would
be ratified formally in Paris and
Moscow September 15.
A Foreign Office spokesman said
Russia, France and the United
States all appeared agreeable to a
British suggestion for the simul
taneous deposit of instruments of
The instruments of ratification of
the Italian treaty will be deposited
with the French Foreign Office in
Paris. The instruments for Finland,
Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary
will be deposited in the Kremlin.
The peace treaties provide for re
moval within 90 days of Allied oc
cupation troops not required for
maintenance of essential communi
cations through the ex-enemy coun
tries to Germany and Austria.
In the case of Russia, this means
withdrawal of Soviet forces from
Bulgaria. She will be entitled to
maintain lines - of - communication
troops in Romania and Hungary.
King Neptune Indicts Truman
And Party as'Lounge-Lizards'
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
SOURI, Sept. 10. —Black-bor
dered “sympathy chits” prom
ising sympathy and justice were
passed out today to 1,400 “polly
wogs,” whose luckless ranks in
clude President Truman, as this
battleship kept a steady course
for the realm of-Neptune.
It will be entered at longitude 36
degrees 30 minutes west at 7 sum.
tomorrow, when King Neptune holds
court and ^he “pollywogs” become
The chits, which are counter
signed by the royal chaplain, say
nonholders will get little leniency.
But the holders are not counting
too much on the pasteboards they
have as they cross the Equator for
the first time. They are particularly
wary of the promise of “justice.”
Ex-farmer President Truman and
the entire White House party were
indicted today by.King Neptune as
a "collection of lounge lizards, sea
lawyers and plow-deserters.”
The order from the mythical
ruler of the deep was delivered
aboard the battleship in mysterious
fashion. It instructed the President
and his party to "maintain a sharp
and vigilant watch for the arrival
of Davy Jones” tonight, when the
initiation will get under way. '
King Neptune himself will arrive
on board tomorrow and in prepara
tion for that event a large dunking
tank has been erected amidships.
Whether President Truman will be
tossed into it along with other
"pollywogs” is being kept a deep,
dark secret.
Newsmen were dressed in bath
robes and served as messengers to
deliver Neptune’s order to the Pres
Davy Jones and his associates will
board the Missouri through the
“hawse pipe.” They will bear sum
(See TRUMAN, Page A-5.)
Blow on Head Killed
Woman in Apartment,
Autopsy Reveals
Man Who Reported Case
Questioned in Death of
Hotel Telephone Operator
Mrs. Theodora Rowell, who
was found dead early today at
1919 I street N.W., died as the
result of a brain hemorrhage
caused by a blow on the head,
Deputy Coroner Rosenberg an
nounced after an autopsy. He
said the injury could have been
caused by a blunt instrument
or a fall.
A hotel telephone operator was
fnnnH iHpoH in a hnspmpnt ansrt
ment early today and an autopsy
was ordered to determine wheth
er she had been beaten.
Detective Sergt. Emmett Talbot
said the woman, Mrs. Theodora J.
Rowell, 35, was found in bed at 1919
I street N.W. clad in a slip. He
said one eye was blackened and her
face swollen, indicating to him she
might have been beaten.
Sergt. Talbot learned of her death
when Nixon McGuire, 36, of the I
street address, came to the third
precinct this morning and said he
had found Mrs. Rowell, apparently
McGuire, an employe of the Rail
way Express Agency, was detained
for questioning.
Husband in Another House.
Sergt. Talbot said McGuire told
him that Mrs. Rowell, who worked
at the Shoreham Hotel, had gone
out when he retired last night and
he did not see her before about 2:30
a.m.. She was then in the same
condition in which he reported
to police. They had been drinking
together all day, he said.
Police found Mrs. Rowell's hus
band, Troy, an employe of the Dis
trict Employment Agency, at an
(See~ROWELL, Page A-6.)
Mrs. Edison Leaves Estate
Of More Than $1,000,000
By the Associated Press
NEWARK, N. J.. Sept. 10.—The
will of Mrs. Mina Miller Edison,
widow of Thomas Alva Edison, filed
for probate yesterday in Essex Coun
ty Surrogate’s Court, named her
children as principal beneficiaries
of the estate, valued in excess of
The will named her sons, Charles,
former Governor of New Jersey, and
Theodore M„ as recipients of 850
shares each of Thomas A. Edison
Corp. preferred stock, and 15,000
shares each of common stock.
A daughter, Mrs. Madeline Edison
Sloane, was bequeathed 850 shares
of preferred stock of the firm out
right, and 2,000 shares of common
stock in trust. A stepdaughter, Mrs.
Marion Edison Oser, was left 1,000
shares of preferred stock in trust.
Aside from the family, other bene
ficiaries listed were the Thomas Alva
Edison Foundation, $50,000; Mount
Union College and the National Rec
reation Association, of Alliance,
Ohio, $10,000 each, and the First
Methodist Church, Orange, $5,000.
Mrs. Edison died August 24.
Eisenhower Would Refuse Race
On 'Phony' Draft, Roberts Says
Kansas City Publisher Believes General Would
Respond Only to Spontaneous Movement
Roy A. Roberts, president of
the Kansas City Star and a vet
eran Midwestern political analyst,
here discusses the possible presi
dential candidacy of Gen. Eisen
hower. Mr. Roberts figured in the
nomination of another Kansan,
Alf M. Landon, and has been a
friend of Gen. Eisenhower. In
this article he denies having any
inside information and simply
tells his views about Gen. Eisen
By Roy A Roberts
(NANA).—I believe Gen. Eisen
hower is absolutely honest when
he says, as he has said over and
over again, that he doesn’t want
to be President of the United
At the same time, I believe that
Antitrust Suit Filed
Against 3 Companies
Making Fiber Glass
Owens and Corning
Interests Accused of
Monopoly Conspiracy
By the At»ociat»d Pr«««
The Justice Department today
announced it has filed a civil
antitrust suit at Toledo, Ohio,;
against three leading glass man
ufacturers charging “conspiracy,
fn mnnnnnli7.p" flip nrndllP.tifin of
glass fibers in the United States.
The Owens-Illinois Glass Co. and
Owens - Corning Fiberglas Corp.,
both of Toledo, and the Corning
Glass Works of Corning, N. Y.,
were named as defendants.
The department said it is alleging
that Owens-Coming Fiberglas Corp.
"was formed jointly by Owens
Illinois Glass Co. and Coming Glass
Works as part of a conspiracy to
dominate and control the develop
ment of the fiber glass industry.”
Cartel Agreements Charged.
An additional charge, the an
nouncement said, is that these com
panies "entered into cartel agree
ments with the principal foreign
producers in order to buttress their
monopoly in the United States by
dividing territories and getting ex
clusive rights to patents and tech
nical information.”
“The glass fiber industry is a sig
nificant new industry in the United
States,” Attorney General Clark said
In a statement. “Among its impor
tant uses are insulation for housing,
electrical materials, fireproof fabrics
such as draperies and curtains, and
roofing construction. New uses are
being discovered frequently. Accord
ingly, this industry should be opened
to free competitive development.”
Mr. Clark said he is asking the
Federal District Court at Toledo to
divest Owens-Illinois and Corning
Glass Works of their stock interest
in Owens-Coming, to enjoin any
future control, "and to split up
Owens-Coming according to a plan
to be approved by the court so as
(See GLASS, Page A-5.)
Mother Put on Probation
In Assault on Baby Boy
Mrs. Henrietta Pay Curry, 24,
who was charged last month with
assault with intent to strangle her
7-month-old son Dickie, was placed
on a year’s probation after pleading
guilty today to a reduced charge
of simple assault.
The charge was reduced by As
sistant United States Attorney John
B. Diamond III, who said he felt
the mother had been under a
‘‘severe mental strain” at the time
the assault took place in the Curry
home in the 1200 block of Morse
street N.E. Mrs. Curry was pro
nounced of sound mind last Wed
nesday after an examination by
Gal linger Hospital psychiatrists.
Police reported Mrs. Curry tried
to kill her son after an argument
with her husband, Dale Curry, a
railroad brakeman. Police quoted
the mother as saying Mr. Curry
had threatened to leave her and
take the baby with him. Dickie
now is recovering at Gallinger.
if, for the first time in history,
there was an honest-to-God draft
that came from the people with
out conniving and intrigue, the
general would accept. I believe he
would do so out of sheer sense of
duty, that his country had called
him into peacetime service just as
he would respond to a call in war.
Most emphatically, I feel sure he
would not be a party to any phony
draft, and, if I know the man
light, I believe he will squelch
forcibly any preconvention efforts
at management organization or for
mation of Eisenhower clubs, such
as are beginning to spring up over
the Nation.
In other words, if the Repub
lican nomination should come to
him without any coaxing or fina
gling on hie part, that would be
one thing. On such a call his
(See EISENHOWER, Page A-5.)
Republican Triumphs
In Pennsylvania Test
Of Tail-Hartley Law
Lichtenwalter Receives
47,512 to 29,967 for
Storch in 8th District
By the Associated Press
ALLENTOWN, Pa., Sept. 10 —
Franklin H. Lichtenwalter, Re
publican, has retained Pennsyl
vania's 8th district seat in Con
gress for his party's forces by
soundly defeating a labor-sup
ported Democratic opponent in a
special election yesterday that
had as its central issue the Taft
Hartley labor law.
Mr. Lichtenwalter, speaker of the
State House of Representatives, was
chosen to represent the rich indus
trial and farming district of Lehigh
and Bucks Counties over Phil H.
Storch, Democrat, president of the
CIO - Lehigh Valley Newspaper
With only one of the 214 precincts
missing, Mr. Lightenwalter had
pulled up a bigger margin of vic
tory than his predecessor, the late
Drys Score Victory
On Liquor Question
By JOJ-to-JOO Vote
By th« Associated Press
TIONESTA, Pa., Sept. 10.—
Voters in Harmony Township
are eying one another specu
latively today.
In a special referendum vote
yesterday on the question of
liquor sales the drys won, 101
to 100.
The wets had one consola
tion—there was no vote on the
sale of beer, previously author
ized in the township.
Charles J. Gerlacb, did in three
previous elections. Mr. Gerlach
was elected five times.
The new representative had re
ceived 47,512 votes of Mr. Storch’s
29,967. The total registration in
the district was 73.000 Republicans
and 46,000 Democrats.
Analysis nf Gerlarh Votes.
In 1946 Mr. Gerlach won by
14,936 votes over Democrat Henry
Chapin—49,196 to 34,260. The 1944
returns showed Mr. Gerlach re
ceived 59,497 votes and Marie
Rickert, Democrat, 43,073, a differ
ence of 16,384. The 1942 vote was
48,270 for Mr. Gerlach and 34,164 for
Francis Collum, Democratic candi
Oliver W. Frey was the last
Democrat to be elected to Congress
from the district. He won a spe
cial election in 1933 and was re
elected in 1934 and 1936.
Despite Mr. Lichtenwalter’s vic
tory, his supporters and the backers
(See ELECTION, Page a-dj

Peron to Sign Suffrage Bill
BUENOS AIRES, Sept. 10 (VP).-—
President Juan D. Peron was ex
pected to sign within a few days
a measure granting an estimated
3,000,000 Argentine women the right
to vote for the first time. The bill
won final legislative approval last
night in the Chamber of Deputies.
Housing Probe
Toid Building Is
Far Short of Need
Joint Congress Group
Questions Experts
At First Session
Although 750,000 new homes
are being started in the United
States this year, that number
still falls short of the lowest es
timate of need, Government offi
cials told a joint congressional
committee today.
Senator McCarthy, Republican,
of Wisconsin and Representative
Gamble, Republican, of New York
called a dozen experts from various
Federal agencies in for a round
table discussion to lay the ground
work for formal public hearings to
oe neia in amerent, parts of the
country next month. Just before
adjourning. Congress directed this
joint committee to make a compre
hensive investigation of the housing
High Lights of Discussion.
High lights of today's discussion
The general index of building
material costs in May of this year
was 77 per cent above 1926, accord
ing to H. E. Riley, Labor Depart
ment statistician.
Lumber, taken separately, was 169
per cent above 1926. \
Raymond M. Foley, director of the
new Housing and Home Finance
Agency, told the committee that
estimates of the housing shortage
made in recent y#ars by various
public and private sources range all
the way from 1.500.000 units a year
for 10 years to 820,000 a year. The
latter figure of 820,000 was described
as the market demand rather than
Mr. Foley said quantity estimate*
taken alone do not give the whole
picture. The fundamental problem,
he said, still is the cost of production
and acquisition. He suggested that
the committee examine all factors of
cost, including efficiency in construc
tion and any restrictive practices
that may exist either on the part of
management, labor, financing or
Government control.
Uniform Codes Stressed.
Under the heading of Government
control, Senator McCarthy stressed
the importance of urging localities
to adopt uniform building codes that
would reduce cost.
In connection with the price of
materials, Senator McCarthy said
some large builders have told him
there was no particular advantage
in buying lumber directly from a
distant mill, because part of the
margija would go to a retailer and
a wholesaler who had not seen or
handled the shipment.
Senator McCarthy inquired
whether legislation would be ad
visable to regulate the margins of
middlemen wnere they do not per
form a substantial service, assum
ing the committee finds such prac
tices exist. One official expressed
the belief that the distribution pat
tern has been built up over a long
period of years and would be diffi
cult to change by legislation.
Mr. Riley told the committee 81,
000 dwelling units were started in
July, as compared with 77,000 in
June. He indicated this was un
usual, since the peak in beginning
new construction usually occurs
earlier in the year.
At the same time the recess quiet
at the Capitol was broken by these
simultaneous developments:
1. A special tax study committee,
appointed by Chairman Knutson of
the House Ways and Means Commit
tee, came to town to hear reports
on subcommittee studies that may
go a long way toward determining
what future tax burdens will be.
This group of private citizens is
headed by Roswell Magill, former
Undersecretary of the Treasury.
Study Covers All Phases.
Mr. Knutson, the top Republican
tax manager, already has an
nounced the OOP will renew its
drive in January to cut Individual
income taxes, and that the slash
may exceed the $4,000,000,000 figure
twice vetoed by President Truman
earlier this year.
The studies of the Magill group
are covering all phases of taxation,
including individual and corpora
tion income levies, all business
taxes and excises. Mr. Magill sup
ported the vetoed tax cut bills.
2. Senator Flanders. Republican,
of Vermont sent out a call for a
meeting here tomorrow of members
of the Eastern subcommittee on
economics. This group and similar
Senate-House subcommittees for tha
njidcontinent and the West will in
vestigate the causes of and possible
cures for high prices in general.
The Eastern group will open its for
mal hearings at Providence, R. I*
The 14-man Housing Committee
is headed by Representative Gam
ble. Mr. Gamble was assigned the
chairmanship after a hot fight for
the post waged by Senators Mc
Carthy and Tobey, Republican, of
| New Hampshire.
In announcing plans to question
tho spvpn witnesses together rather
than one at a time, the Wisconsin
Head of Jap Camp
Writes Letter to GI
Praising Prison Work
By tho Associated Press
10.—Sergt. John W. Powell of
Harrisonburg has always heard
about Japanese politeness—
and now he believes it.
He's just received a letter
from Tetsuji Kondoh, com
mander of Aami Camp, where
Sergt. Powell was imprisoned
for three war years. Kondoh
"begged" to “pay high esteem
and courtesy for your hard
work while at Aomi—and f am
anxious to know about your
welfare since then.”
Sergt. Powell, now in the
Regular Army, is stationed at
Tort Knox. Ky.

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