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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 14, 1947, Image 1

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An Associated Press Newspaper
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Anti-Red Ruling
Brings New Fire
From Lewis
AFL Seeking Way Out
After UMW Leader
Defies Labor Law
By James Y. Newton
Star Staff Correspondent
CHICAGO, Sept. 13.—John L.
Lewis hurled new defiance at
the Government here today in
his boycott of the Taft-Hartley
law, while other AFL officials
sought a way around the im
passe which denies the federa
tion’s 7,500,000 members re
_ * „ 1 T ~ ^ V
Relations Board.
Referring to a statement of Rob
ert N. Denham. NLRB general coun
sel, that he regretted that AFL offi
cers did not see fit to sign non-Com
munist affidavits which the Federal
official holds they must do under
the law, Mr. Lewis boomed to re
porters :
“What does Mr. Denham propose
to do about it?’’
Thera was plenty of indication
that other officers of the AFL pro
posed to do something about Mr.
Lewis’ lone stand on the affidavit
issue which successfully stymied
AFL compliance with the Denham
ruling that all officials of the AFL
and CIO as well as officers of indi
vidual unions must file the affidavits
if any affiliated group is to be recog
nized by NLRB.
Talk or Trying to Beat Lewis.
There was talking of attempting
to defeat Mr. Lewis when he comes
up for re-election as a vice president
at the AFL convention in San Fran
cisco next month. _ Numerous top
federation people freely predicted
that Mr. Lewis’ stand would be re
pudiated by convention action.
Meanwhile, Mr. Lewis was firmly in
the driver's seat of the AFL.
However, what appeared to be an
easier way out of the situation re
AFL Pulp Workers
Urge Council to
Sign Affidavits
By Associated.Press
MILWAUKEE, Sept. 13.—The
Executive Board of the AFL
International Brotherhood of
Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill
liir<\x1rAxn tnXnir nrlroel tV^o
American Federation of Labor's
Executive Council to sign the
non-Communist affidavits.
In a telegram to AFL Presi
dent William Green, the board
said failure of the union to
sign was giving “aid and com
fort to the Communists.’’
The principle involved “does
not seem to us to be a very
important one,’’ the board’s
telegram stated.
ceived a like amount of attention.
This plan was to have the conven
tion change the AFL constitution so
that there would be only two offi
cers, president and secretary-treas
urer. The present 13 other members
of the executive council, including
Mr. Lewis, would form a new ex
ecutive board. They would no long
er bear the title of vice president.
Under Mr. Denham’s ruling they
then would not be required to file
the non-Communist affidavits.
There -was some talk, too, that the
CIO might also do away with its
nine vice presidential posts. Mr.
Denham has said that the members
of CIO Executive Board, which per
forms functions similar to the AFL’s
council do not have to file the state
Admits Blocking Affidavits.
In his statement to newsmen to
day, Mr. Lewis admitted openly for
the first time that he was respon
sible for blocking council action on
the affidavits, and, hence putting
the AFL in the position of boycott
ing the NLRB.
“I do not suggest that Mr. Den
ham’s ruling is wrong," he said. "As
a matter of fact, it may be expressly
i _: .1.. _J ~
iniquitous Taft-Hartley statute.
“Mr. Denham's ruling and the
statute grant an option to organiza
tions of labor to file the affidavits
of acquiescene or to withhold such
filing. I choose to exercise my option
negatively. What does Mr. Denham
propose to do about it?”
(Commenting later on the fail
ure of top union officials to sign
the affidavits, Mr. Denham told a
reporter in Washington:
“If they want to bar the door
to the NLRB to the millions w’ho
are underneath them, and if
those underneath them are will
ing to have the door barred,
there’s nothing I can do about it.
Congress did not give me any
(See AFL, Page A-6.)
Italian Metal Strike
Calls Out 850X13
By the Associated Press
ROME, Sept. 13.—The secretary of
the Italian Metallurgical Workers
Federation said today that metal
workers, numbering about 850,000,
would strike for two days, beginning
The workers, located chiefly in the
Milan area, are protesting employ
ers' refusal to grant a wage increase,
Giovanni Roveda, the secretary said.
Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi
told the nation in a radio address
tonight that Italy was short 2,900.000
tons of cereal grains this year. This
amount, he said, would have to
“come from abroad.” adding that
the lack of grain was caused largely
by a bad harvest.
Even as he spoke a strike of 1.000,
000 North Italian agricultural work
ers was in its seventh day, threaten
ing the important rice crop. The
workers, organized into a union,
are demanding wages and hours
comparable to industrial employes.
Complete Index, Pg. A-2
^ Radio Programs, Page C-8 |
Taft Willing to Ease Labor Law
To Protect Sailors' Hiring Halls
Lundeberg Believes
Closed Shop Would
Be Permitted
By the Associated Press
SANTA CRUZ, Calif., Sept. 13.
—Senator Taft, Republican, of
Ohio, said today he “might con- j
eider’’ recommending revision of |
the Taft-Hartley labor law to!
authorize continuance of the |
hiring hall system for maritime
He made the statement after a
conference with Harry Lundeberg,1
secretary and operating head of j
the powerful AFL Sailors Union of
the Pacific.
In his version of their talk, Mr.
Lundeberg said Senator Taft “might
recommend to Congress that the
law be changed to the extent that
a closed shop would be permitted j
if a majority voted for it.”
Rpnfltnr rFaft. Hirt nnt. snprifv in
a separate interview, the nature of
any proposed change in the law
except to say that it might be al
tered to permit continuance of the
hiring hall system.
Mr. Lundeberg said he told Sena
tor Taft the ship owners want to
continue the hiring hall system. He!
expressed great optimism, after I
i SeeLUNDEBERG, Page XdT) '
Mihailovich Chefniks
Battling Tito's Army,
Heavy Firing Indicates
Artillery Bombardment
Is Clearly Heard on
Greek Side of Border
By the Associated Pres*
13.—The sound of heavy gun
fire on the Yugoslav side of the
border provided partial con
firmation today of recurring re
ports in the Greek press that
Yugoslav’ rebels are fighting
against Marshal Tito’s army and
police in Southern Yugoslavia.
Artillery fire could be heard clearly
! this morning from the direction of
j Djedjeli, just across the river in
Yugoslavia, and Greek army officers
1 said it was an action between Tito’s
! forces and “Mihailovich Chetniks.”
At the barbed-wire ringed com
pound the 92d frontier station on I
a hill overlooking the Vardar River
and Djedjeli, Lt. Constantine Sielas
said his men had seen three shells
drop into the town during the morn
ing. They were fired, he said, from
Mount Jena, which rises abruptly
behind the Yugoslav frontier town.
Explosion Heard in Greece.
A few minutes earlier, a tremen
dous explosion was heard on the
Greek side of the border. Maj.
Micholas Klados said it probably was
a bridge demolition by the “Crusad
ers”—the name taken by anti-Tito
forces. Klados said three Vardar
River bridges had been blown up
recently by the "Crusaders” and one
had been demolished again after re
Both Lt. Sielas and Maj Klados
(Juoted Yugoslav civilians and Army
deserters as reporting organized re
sistance to Tito's army by a force
estimated at 40,000 to 70,000.
(Last April Marshal Tito told
the Yugoslav National Assembly
in Belgrade that more than 3.000
Chetniks operating in the moun
tains had been killed during the ;
previous eight months. His re
port was the first official intima- ]
tion of resistance to the Tito gov- j
ernment inside Yugoslavia.)
Greek officers and soldiers said j
the firing on the Yugoslav side had
been heard for a month and there
apparently had been heavy action
farther east, near Lake Doiran. It
was from the Doiran area that the
first reports of rebel activity filtered j
into Greece. Maj. Klados said six j
Yugoslav frontier posts to the east s
had been abandoned because of the j
“crusader” attacks.
Maj. Klados said the Serbs of j
Southern Yugoslavia, known for j
their independent attitude, were un- j
likely to submit easily to Tito's re- j
gime and probably were the leaders
of the rebels.
"It's the ghost of Milhailovieh
coming back to haunt Tito,” he stid.
Gen. Draja Mihailovich and eight j
of his followers were put to death j
July 17, 1946. after their conviction j
of treason for alleged collaboration i
with German forces in Yugoslavia J
during the war. The Milhailovieh j
Chetniks had been considered the i
first effective underground resist-1
ance 10 tne xxazis m lugoaiavia.
What the Russians
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow Radio, broadcast- j
ing in French to Europe this j
week, said:
“Nearly two months have
passed since the opening of the j
Paris conference of the 16 na- j
tions. Is it necessary to recall
the press and radio comments
praising the promoters and
American generosity? But the
history of the American loan to I
Great Britain, a loan which is
nearly used up, is the history of
Anglo-American relations during
the last year and it reveals .that
the Marshall plan and other
plans of the United States in
Europe have one aim—to limit
the independence not only of
small nations but also of the
very organizers of the confer- j
ence. * * *
“Now the European nations are J
able to appreciate the perspicac- j
ity and rightness of Molotov's
warnings when he said that if j
an organization was to be set up
above these states, one which ;
would interfere with their inter- !
national affairs, this would make
them controlled states deprived
of economic and national inde
pendence for the benefit of cer
tain strong powers." |
Ohioan Says Truman
Was First to Urge
Eating Less Food
By Gould Lincoln
Star Staff Correspondent
SANTA CRUZ, Calif., Sept. 13.
—Senator Taft, Republican, of
Ohio, who inspired union labor
pickets to dub him “Eat Less
Taft" by urging Americans to
cut their food consumption, said
today President Truman made
the first proposal less than two
months ago.
Here on a Pacific Coast test of
his presidential prospects. Senator
Taft expressed surprise at a press
conference at the prominence given
his suggestion yesterday that the
American people might help to re
duce prices by voluntarily curtailing
their meals, eat less and eat less
He said the proposal was not new;
that Mr. Truman, in his midyear
Annnnml/i rn nnrt ♦/-» r’rvnrrr'OCe T11117
21 had said:
“The public shall at all times be
kept informed as to the true agricul
tural outlook so that unfounded
rumors may not lead to speculative
development in commodity markets,
advances in food prices accompany
i See TAFT, Page A-5.)
West Europe, Hoping
For Quick U. S. Aid,
Draws Belts Tighter
T3 Nations Conferring at
Paris Probe Possibility
Of Forming Customs Union
By tht Associated Pres*
LONDON, Sept. 13.—Western
Europe, retiring to a siege econ
omy to husband dwindling dol
lars, pUlled belts still tighter this
week and hoped that American
financial aid will not be long
Three of Europe’s greatest na
tions—Britain, France and Italy
moved deeper into poverty and one
of the wealthiest smaller states, un
scarred Sweden, felt the first pinches
of an economic vise clamped over all
the contient.
Key developments this week in the
west's search for stability and pros
perity :
1. Thirteen of the 16 nations at
the Paris Marshall Plan conference,
including Britain, France and Italy,
announced they will investigate the
possibility of joining together in a
nustoms union or unions, which
would be economic units without
trade barriers between members
presenting a common tariff policy
to the outer world.
All other European nations except
Spain will be invited to join in a
study group on the plan.
2. All 16 nations at the Paris
meeting began revising their self
help proposals, which Secretary of
State Marshall said he wanted to
see before proposing American aid.
William L. Clayton, Gen. Marshall’s
undersecretary for Economic Af
fairs. had told them their original
suggestions were too selfish and
Production Is Stressed.
3. The executive board of the
International Monetary Fund said
increased production is the “final
solution” to world economic prob
lems. Without it, the board said,
there will be "evil consequences'"
which will affect all. The warning
came in the board’s annual report
made public at its meeting here.
4. "Outside assistance is vital but
it represents a small percentage of
the total effort” required, said World
Bank President John J. McCloy to
the bank's executive directors, also
In session here. The bank urged
removal or reduction of tariffs, in
tegration of national recovery pro
grams and stabilization of currency
through sound budgetary and tax
5. Britain’s Labor Government
called on management and labor to
increase production for export by
one-third. That increase, coupled
with the imports announced earlier,
would make up the difference be
tween what Britain sells and what
it buys overseas. The .Government
proposed to achieve the production
target primarily through increased
manufacturing efficiency.
6. Behind the scenes Britain held
Informal but vital conversations
with other nations in the sterling
area (comprising the nations which
pool their dollar resources in a com
mon fund and dip into the pool for
_ (See ECONOMICPageA^S.)
Gambling Concessionaire
And Girl Held in Shooting
By the Associated Press
CARSON CITY, Nev., Sept. 13 —
One of the operators of swank Ta
hoe Village, plush vacation and
gambling spot on the Nevada shore
of Lake Tahoe, was shot and seri
ously wounded today, and the re
sort's gambling concessionaire was
lodged in Carson City jail on an
open charge. A pretty blond girl
also was detailed for questioning.
Harry Sherwood, 45, a co-partner
in operating the village, was taken
to a Reno hospital with a bullet
w7ound in the right arm and chest.
Doctors said he was in serious con
dition, paralyzed from the waist
L. M. Strauss, 42. who came to
the village several months ago to
take over the gambling concession,
was arrested on the highway near
here while driving an expensive car.
He was accompanied by an 18-year
old girl.
Police Chief Howard Hoffman of
Carson City said Strauss turned
over a .38 revolver from which one
bullet had been discharged. Deputy
Sheriff E. K. Butner said a witness
to the shooting previously* over
heard Sherw7ood and Strauss ex
change “a few brief, hot words."
Chief Hoffman said Strauss' com
panion identified herself as Marjel:
Atkins of Reno. ^
Marshall Feels
U. N. Session Is
Turning Point
Secretary to Set U. S.
Policy for Assembly
In Address Today
By th» Associated Press
NEW YORK, Sept. 13. —Re
sponsible sources said today that
Secretary of State Marshall feels
that the 1947 session of the
United Nations General Assem
bly may prove to be one of the
major turning points in world
They said that when Gen.
Marshall appears before the 55-na
tion body Wednesday to lay down
basic American policy he presum
ably will stress the American idea
that the United Nations must ac
complish practical results on criti
cal world problems.
Following the Secretary’s confer
ences with Warren R. Austin, per
manent American delegate to the
U. N., Herschel V. Johnson, deputy
permanent, delegate, ana jonn ros
ter Dulles, a member of the Assem
bly delegation, on such issues as
Greece, Palestine, the veto and other
major problems, a delegation spokes
man said that “the United States
will present positive proposals” dur
ing the assembly session.
May Strengthen U. N.
These proposals will be such, the
spokesman said, that the United
States believes they hold real prom
ise of strengthening efforts of the
U. N. to promote international
understanding and security.
Gen. Marshall was expected to set
the tone of the whole American ap
proach to the dispute-laden session
of the General Assembly when he
addresses the American Association
for the United Nations at a meeting
here tomorrow marking the opening
of United Nation! week. His address
will be carried by the National
Broadcasting Co. at 4:30 p.m.
President Truman read the speech
today aboard the battleship Mis
souri and “thoroughly approved of
it,” Presidential Secretary Charles
G. Ross told reporters on the ship.
The fact that the full text was
radioed to the chief executive ap
parently meant the administration
attached major importance to the
Delegation in Two Sessions.
Gen. Marshall called his 10-mem
ber American delegation into two
sessions today and set a third for
Monday. Authoritative sources said
they were called for two purposes:
1. To work out a line of policy and
familiarize the delegates with Amer
ican strategy on such major issues
as the Balkans, Palestine and the
2. To draw up lines of operation
so that the 10-member team can
work harmoniously throughout the
Assembly session.
Gen. Marshall’s early arrival for
the Assembly session and the speed
with which the delegation went to
_1 12 X 1 XI TT_ 2 X _ J
vv ui n. uiuivavvu n»iv iwvi* wu
intends to move into a commanding
spot in the early days of the As
sembly session which opens Tuesday.
Informants said it was still un
decided whether to press the whole
b-oad conflict with Russia or re
frain from a showdown in the As
sembly. But they pointed out that
there are so many major issues on
the Assembly agenda in which the
United States is involved that a
fight with Russia seems inevitable.
Major Emphasis on Greece.
It was known that the United
States is putting tremendous em
phasis on Greece, particularly as the
case shapes up in the Assembly. The
United States has requested a Se
curity Council meeting for Monday
to seek removal of the Greek case
from that body so the Assembly will
have a free hand to deal with it
when it comes up before the 55-na
tion body.
As an indication of this emphasis,
the State Department prepared to
publish within the next 24 hours a
so-called white paper on Greece. It
was understood that the paper
would summarize the futile efforts
of the Security Council to cope with
Greek border problems.
Some sources said the white pa
per was expected to lay the ground
work for an American drive to ob
tain Assembly action at least con
demning the persistent use of the
veto by Russia to balk Council ac
tion on Greece.
Spotlight on Election.
Meanwhile the diplomatic spot
light centered on the election of a
president for the Assembly in the
midst of intensified security prepa
rations for Tuesday’s opening ses
Word leaking out of hotel con
ferences among many of the 55
delegations showed Dr. Herbert V.
Evatt of Australia and Dr. Oswaldo
<oee u. n., jrage
London Daily Worker
Apologizes lor Article
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Sept. 13.—The Daily
Worker, Communist party organ, to
day printed an apology to Kemsley
Newspapers, Ltd., and announced
payment of “agreed sums by way of
damages’’ for an article constituting
“a grave libel on their professional
The apology also was displayed
on the front page of the London
Daily Graphic, one of the Kemsley
On August 21. commenting on re
ports in the Kemsley press that
employment of youths on Yugoslav
railway building projects was a
"cover” for training an international
brigade to fight with the guerrillas
in Greece, a Daily Worker column
ist declared:
“Either the Kemsley press ignores
reports by its correspondents and
makes up its own foreign news or
its correspondent sends material
which he knows to be false.”
The Daily Worker said that in ad
dition to damages it had given an
indemnity for costs.
Decision on Calling
Congress Likely Soon
After Truman Returns
Top Officials Expect to
Give Him Enough 'Hard
Facts' for Quick Study
By the Associated Press
Top administration officials
expect to be able to supply Presi
dent Truman with enough "hard
facts” on the European economic
crisis when he returns to Wash
ington Saturday so that he can
speedily decide whether a spe
cial session of Congress is war
Mr. Truman is expected to make
known within a few days after his
return whether he considers the
situation sufficiently grave to bring
the lawmakers back together.
The State Department, obviously
nlimninn fni* urnont PflPPrPtlSinnfll
action to provide further assistance
to Europe this year, has moved to
slash red tape at the Paris eco
nomic conference.
Sixteen nations have been meet
ing there to decide what their eco
nomic needs are under the Marshall
Plan, which proposes self-help bol
stered by this country.
Data May Be Delayed.
In taking steps to speed up as
sembly of the essential facts on
which Secretary of State Marshall
may make exact proposals to Presi
dent Truman, the department aeted
after leaders of the economic con
ference at Paris had said that
American criticisms of their reports
and recovery plans completed a few
days ago would add another three'
weeks to their work and delay a
comprehensive report to the Ameri
can Government by that much time.
As a result there was speculation
that the information which Mr.
Truman needs to determine whether
a special session is necessary would
not be available until well into
However, Undersecretary of State
Clayton at Paris has advised the
conferees to furnish a comprehen
sive preliminary report to Washing
ton at once so that the American
Gevernment may tackle what the
State Department conceives to be
the most pressing aspects of Euro
pean economic problems without*
May Call Marshall Back.
Word from the battleship Missouri
on which Mr. Truman is returning
1 to this country from Brazil stated
that the President still saw no
necessity for a special session, but
was still ready to take what action
might be necessary if need arose.
He will arrive at Norfolk, Va„
Friday and come to Washington
There is speculation that he may
summon Secretary Marshall DacK
from the UN General Assembly
(See CONGRESS, Page A-4.)
American in London
Robbed of $6,000 Gems
By tht Associated Press
LONDON, Sept. 13.—The Mayfair
flat of Windsor Holden White of New
York and Cleveland was robbed last
night of jewelry valued at £1,500
($6,000), police reported today.
The theft took place w'hile Mr. and
Mrs. White were having dinner in
the restaurant in' the building.
Mr. White came to Britain in 1944
as a liaison officer between the Brit
ish and American press censorships,
and married Mrs. Kathleen Clegg.
Policeman Inches Along Ledge
5 Stories Ud to 'Rescue' Child
A 210-pound policeman Inched
his way along a ledge three inches
wide five stories above Connecticut
avenue yesterday to "resciffc" 2V4-i
year-old Sidney Lewis, jr., who had
locked himself in the bathroom be
cause he didn’t want to take his
nap. .
Young Sidney previously had
turned a deaf ear to the pleas of:
the family maid, his nursemaid, his;
grandmother, his- mother and an
other policeman. Pvt. John O. Riley,
Washington's "Ideal Father of
1947," to unlock the door.
He would not come out until
"daddy comes home.” Sidney said. >
Since "daddy," a Washington at
torney, was in Richmond on a busi
ness trip, the police were called to;
the rescue.
Hero of the incident wa| Eighth
Precinct Policeman Edwin L. York,
31, of 5908 Ninth street N.W., who
did a human-fly act on the fifth
floor ledge outside the apartment
house, 4514 Connecticut avenue,
N.W., to bring out Sidney.
Pvt. York was protected by a rope
lied under his arms which was held
by Pvt. Riley on the roof.
Sidney, the family said, had gone
into the bathroom at 2 pm., while
under the care of the two servants,
in order to escape his customary,
but unwanted, nap. Unable to per
suade the child to come out, the
servants called his grandmother,
Mrs. Lillian Aaronson, from a neigh
borhood bridge game.
Sidney held out for “daddy's” re
Then the youngster's mother who
had been shopping, called to see
(See RESCUE. Page A-3.1
Police Department to Undergo
Important Changes This Week
Commissioners' Decision Expected Tuesday
On Barrett's New Crime Reporting Proposals
By Miriam Ottenberg
Action by the District Com
missioners on the proposal to
centralize crime reporting and
overhaul the police communica
tions system is expected to high
light a week of important
changes in the Police Depart
The first change will come to
morrow when the first precinct is
moved from its antiquated precinct;
station on New Jersey avenue to
police headquarters in the Munici
pal Center. First precinct prison
ers will be moved to the headquar
ters cell block and hereafter all
headquarters prisoners will be con
fined in the buildng under custody
of first precinct policemen.
Also tomorrow, six colored police
men will man a scout car for the
first time in Washington. The po
licemen will take the three shifts
on Scout Car 114, attached to the
eleventh precinct.
TnocHothp 'RnflrH rvf fTnm
Russell Young, Maj. Barrett said, |
already has told him he “wants the
best for Washington."■
Navy Veteran Plunges
5 Stories to Death at
Park Road Apartment
Goes Through Window
When Woman's Efforts
To Save Him Fails
A 21-year-old Navy veteran
plunged to .his death last night
from a fifth-floor window of the
Park Hill Apartments, 1610 Park
road N.W., after excusing him
self from a talk with two friends
about his troubles, police re
The dead man was identified by
police as William Edward Ewick. an
employe of the P. J. Nee Furniture
Co. He had received a medical dis
charge from the Navy.
Homicide squad detectives said
Ewick, a native of Elkins, W. Va„
who had been living in Mount Rain
ier. Md.,«had come to the Park Hill
seeking “advice and help” about a
“personal” problem from Miss Elea
nor Taylor, who also came from
. Miss Taylor, according to police,
tried to prevent Ewick s fall and
grabbed at his heels as he went out
a small bathroom w’indow, but he
slipped through her grasp.
Goes Through Window.
Ewick. it was said, w'ent into the
bathroom, pushed a screen from the
window and went headlong through
the window'.
With Ewick when he came to Miss
Tavlors apartment was a fellow
worker, Patrick J. Smyth, who lives
at the Cathedral Mansions Apart
ments, 3100 Connecticut avenue
Miss Taylor, who is said to work
at the Pentagon, told police the
young men brought a bottle of
iiquor with them and that they
had one drink. At 10:35 p.m.. Miss
Taylor said, Ewick went into the
bathroom. "He was in there quite
a while.” detectives quoted her as
saying. "We then heard water run
i See PLUNGE, Page A-6.1_
missioners Is scheduled to meet.
Police Supt. Robert J. Barrett said
yesterday he hopes to get a go-ahead
signal for his proposed new report
ing and communications setup out
of that meeting. Commissioner John
On Wednesday, the first morning
lineup will be held. Previously, sus
pects went through the lineup at j
7 p.m. Beginning Wednesday, the
lineup will take place at 8:45 a.m.
and suspects will go directly from
headquarters to court.
The proposed overhaul of crime
reporting and communications re
ceived commendation from an offi
cial source last night when United;
States Attorney George Morris Fay!
said it “appears to have considerable,
merit.” He added that he had
studied the recommendations and
was favorably impressed. He said he
was not an expert on police pro
cedures but believes the suggested
changes deserve serious considera
If the Commissioners approve the
reporting plan, Maj. Barrett said
the department would start making
changes immediately and should
(See POLICErPageTa~-4.)
Twin Star Steals Show
In Regatta; Record Set
As 155 Craft Compete
Thousands Watch Events;
Fine Breezes Promised
For Final Races Today
By Malcolm LamDorne, jr.
A sleek, gray-hulled star boat
named Twin Star, with Lock
wood M. Pirie of Chicago as
skipper, yesterday stole the show
in sailing events of the Presi
dent’s Cup Regatta as a record
breaking fleet of 155 boats com
peted in a smart southerly
breeze off Hains Point.
Twin Star, making a first ap
pearance on Potomac River, led an
18-foot star fleet in both races. The
sloop covered the 5-mile, two-lap
course in the fast time of one hour
and 46 seconds in the first race and
one hour and 58 seconds the second
time around.
Arthur Deacon's Armade of
Larchmont. N. Y„ which won the
star event a year ago, placed fourth
and sixth in yesterday’s races. A
prerace favorite Deacon was inter
national star champion in 1943.
Several thousand people lined
East Potomac Park sea wall to watch
the races. Automobiles were
stretched along the drive for more
than a mile. Even larger crowds
are expected out today to view the
third and final races, which begin
at 10 a.m. The weatherman pro
mised a repetition of fine sailing
Sailors, hailing from seven States
and the District, could not have
ordered a better day. According to
the Weather Bureau at nearby Na
tional Airport, the wind averaged
14 to 16 miles an hour and at times
piped up above 20 miles. There was
a clear sky for the morning races,
and as the day wore, big white puffs
of clouds rolled up from the south.
For a few skippers, the wind was
a little too much. Three sailing
canoes went over during the day and
gave Coast Guard and Harbor
Pnlirp r.rnft. a worknnt Tfc fllfin was
blamed for the dismasting of the
lightning class Sans Souci. sailed
by J. Newman Carter, III, of
Bethesda, Md.
For members of the Race Com
mittee on board the Coast Guard
cutter Aurora and all other con
testants, it meant an early return
(Continued on Page B-l, Column 4.)
2 Globe Fliers Arrive
In Arabia From Baghdad
By th* Asso<*at*d Pr«»*
DHAHRAN. Saudi Arabia, Sept.
13—Clifford B. Evans of Washing
ton and George W. Truman of Los
Angeles landed here yesterday on
their leisurely trip around the world
in two light sports planes.
The flyers, both former Army
pilots, were welcomed at the Amer
ican Armv air base on their arrival
5 hours and 30 minutes after leaving;
Baghdad. They planned to take
off next for Karachi, India, 1,100
miles away.
Prices of Food
May Go Higher,
Report Warns
Costs Nearly Double
Prewar Levels, Survey
To Probers Notes
By J. A. O'Leary
Food prices, now nearly doubla
prewar levels, may go even high
er, the staff of a special joint
congressional committee warned
last night in a report which call
ed food costs the most important
factor in the whole cost-of-liv
ing problem.
The report was prepared for use
of the special Senate-House Com
mittee on the Economic Report,
which tomorrow will start a Nation
wide inquiry into causes of the high
cost of living and possible actions
to reduce prices.
One subcommittee will begin
hearings in Providence, R. I., tomor
row and visit a dozen cities along
the East Coast. Two other subcom
mittees will hold hearings in the
Midwest and Far West.
int tuiiiiiiiuee s experts reported
that the average family was spend
ing $193 in July, 1947, for the same
goods it could have bought in the
prewar (1935-39 > period for $100.
The staff study did not include price
increases since July, which one of
the experts said have pushed food
costs to double or higher.
Corn Crop Big Factor.
In warning of possibly still higher
food prices, the report called atten
tion to a prospective short corn crop
at a time when corn is urgently
needed for me?/, production. Meat
is one of the highest priced items in
the average family's marketing.
Another factor which might send
prices higher, the report said, is ex
port of food resulting from “th«
character and size of commitments
to be made for foreign economic aid
under the so-called Marshall Plan
or any other adopted by Congress.’’
The report said the June, 1947, re
tail food price index was about 5
points above “the peak reached after
the last war in June, 1920.”
"As of June, 1947, the Bureau of
Labor Statistics index of food prices
was 90 per cent higher than for ths
1935-39 averages,” the report said,
“of which increase one-half had
occurred by June, 1946. and the other
half in the succeeding year.”
The experts found the greatest in
crease was in meats. Using the
1935-39 period as 100, they reported
the index for meats was 217 in
June, this year, as against 134 in
June, 1946.
Effects Shared Unevenly.
“While the high prices of food
may be generally explained by high
levels of current income and con
sumption, the effects are shared
unevenly by the population,” the
report said. “For many people, in
comes have not kept pace with rising
food costs. This is particularly true
among lowest-income families and
such salary groups as teachers,
nurses, office workers, and those liv
ing on retirement and other pensions
or fixed annuities from trust funds
and insurance policies. For many
of these people, the high cost of
food has become a problem for which
average statistics on the relation
ship between prices and income give
small comfort."
The experts did not attempt to
suggest action that might be taken
to assure fair prices. They said
their study is intended only to be a
factual survey, and that remedies
will be sought by the Congressional
The fact-finding report was pre
pared by F. E. Berquist, assistant
staff director of the committee. It
has not been reviewed or acted on
by the committee members.
When measured by per capita
expenditures, the rise in food costs
appears even more signifcant thai^(
the more than 90 per cent increase
shown by comparative index figures
before and since the war.
The report states that the per
capita expenditure for food between
1935 and 1939 averaged $118 a year.
The same food purchases at 1946
average prices would have cost $200
and in the second quarter of 1947.
approximately $240, the report
Actually, the per capita spent for
food in 1946 was $271, the report
shows. The additional amount
above $200 reflects increased con
sumption as well as shifts to higher
priced foods, especially meats.
Although conceding that the pay
of some wage groups has not kept
pace with rising costs, the report
contends that the average net
weekly earnings of wage earners for
all manufacturing industries have
increased about 100 per cent above
the prewar level.
• The key to both the expanded
consumption and higher prices is
iouna in grcatiy ca^uwu _
i See FOOD. Page A-6. i
20,000 Births Put
D. C. 4,000 Ahead
Of 1946 Figure
More than 20,000 babies have been
born in Washington since January
1, the Bureau of Vital Statistics re
ported yesterday.
Births for this year are 4,000 more
than the figure for the same period
last year and exceed deaths by about
14,000. .
Through September 6, the bureau
reported, there were 19 844 births.
Officials estimate an additional 400
to 500 babies were bom here last
week. „„ ,
Of those born during the 36-week
period. 14,094 were white and 5,572 '
colored. During last year’s first 36
weeks. 11,543 white babies were born
and 4,271 colored.
Deaths this year through the first
week of September totaled 3.300
white and 2,124 colored—86 less than
in the same period last year. Tu
berculosis and pneumonia continue
to be the chief killers, the repott
said. This year 347 deaths were
caused by tuberculosis and 188 by
pneumonia. ^

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