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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 15, 1947, Image 4

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Major Powers Closer
Together Than in 20s,
Trygve Lie Believes
By As»ociat«d Pr«»»
BALTIMORE. Sept. 15.—Inability
of the Council of Foreign Ministers
to settle the major peace treaties
has "hampered” the United Nations
but “the most important big powers
are distinctly closer to each other
than they were in the twenties.”
Try^re Lie, secretary-general of
the United Nations, said here last
Addressing a meeting of the
United Nations Association of Mary
hand, Mr. Lie expressed hope the
next Foreign Ministers’ session
would produce "positive and satis
factory” progress toward treaty
The uncompleted state of major
treaties, he asserted, is delaying
world economic recovery, but com
paring present political - economic
conditions with those after the first
World War, "the situation today is
far, far from being bad.”
Getting Closer Together.
"Permanent peace and progress
can be achieved,” he added, “with
the help of ordinary men and people
all over the world. * * * decency is
Turning his attention to danger
spots on the political horizon, the
U. N. Secretary said that in na
tionalistic movements by former
colonial peoples “perhaps lie the
greater possibilities of conflict
today” than in “differences between
the victors which always follow
Some of U. N.'s conferences and
discussions “may have looked like
real fiascos.” he continued, but
careful analysis will show that every
meeting “has brought the nations
a little farther toward understand
Success in Long Run Expected.
At all events it is better to air
international differences in an open
forum than to bottle up animosities,
Mr. Lie observed, adding:
“There have been some successes
in dealing with some political prob
lems which have faced the United
Nations in the General Assembly
and the Security Council.
“There have been many unpleas
ant failures to reach agreement in
the Security Council. However, in
some cases where failure already
has been reported, the fact Is that
discussions are still going on and
can be expected to go on for some
time to come with a possibility for
success in the long run.”
U. S. Polio Specialists
Reach Berlin by Plane
Sy th« AsjOf >ot«d Pr»«j
BERLIN, Sept. 15.—A team of in
fantile paralysis specialists from the
United States arrived by plane today
to fight the worst epidemic of the
disease in Berlin’s history.
German health officials said 751
eases of the disease had been re
corded, with 69 deaths. No Ameri
cans have been stricken.
Dr. Thomas Gucker. Ill, of the
Boston Children s Hospital headed
* the team. With him are Mrs. Eliza
beth Zausner. Brookline, Mas*.,
' physical therapist, and Theresa Fal
lon, Lowell, Mass,, orthopedic super
The party brought several tons of
equipment including two iron lungs,
hot pack equipment and 2,000 pounds
of wool for hot pack treatments.
, While there have been cases of the
f disease in all sectors of the city, the
epidemic centered in the Russian
9 Providence
(Continued From First Page )
■ than doubled since OPA on most
popular cuts.”
Bread, he added, now costs 44 per
cent more than it did under OPA.
He said the "average weekly earn
ings of factory workers in Rhode
Island were $41.87 in June 1946 while:
they rose 7 per cent to $44.83 by
July of this year."
Denies Labor Is Responsible.
In the meantime, he added, con
sumer prices went up 16 par cent.
Mr. Benti denied that labor was
in any way responsible for the
situation. He said that while gross
hourly earnings had increased 14
per cent prices “charged by our
employers have gone up 35 per cent.” j
Senator Flanders said in opening
• the hearing, "prices have not be
haved here exactly as they have be
haved in Boston. The differences
may give us a clue as to what might
be done.”
The hearing’s first witness was
Mrs. James B. Hedges, president
of the League of Women Voters of
Rhode Island.
Food Dealers Testifies.
She said that this investigation
"is for us more than just an inquiry
into prices in Providence. It is an
inquiry into what we as citizens
have done and intend to do about
a problem or grave importance.”
Bertram F. Turner, representing
' the independent neighborhood food
retailers, told the committee it was
no longer a ease of getting the
profits needed to cover the cost of
doing business but that it was a
case of getting the cost of doing
business within "these shrunken
Only four of the six man subcom
mittee were present when the hear
ing opened. Besides Senator Flan
ders they were Senators Baldwin,
Republican, of Connecticut, Myers,
Demorcrat, of Pennsylvania, Rep
resentative Kilburn, Republican, of
New York. Representative Hart,,
Democrat, of New Jersey, was ex
pected later today.
Representative Rich. Republican,
of Pennsylvania was unable to be
present because of the pressure of
other business.
Pigeons Fail to Return
Pigeons valued at $12,000 have
been lost to owners during races
In Northern Ireland this year
through failure of the birds to re
turn home.
SIGN OF CHANGE IN VENEZIA-GIULIA—A highway east of Gorizla, which goes to Yugoslavia
under terms of the Italian peace treaty ratified in Paris today, already is painted with a Tito
sien and hammer and sickle in anticipation of the change.—AP Wirephoto via radio from Rome.
^Continued Prom First Page.)_
meat than before the war, Mr.
Harriman said:
“Since we are well supplied with
hay, soy bean and cotton seed meal
and a still substantial com crop, I
believe that if wheat is not abnor
mally diverted to feed animals in
this country, there will still be ade
quate supplies of animal products
at more reasonable prices for out
own people provided we are careful
in our consumption.
“In other words, * * * there is
enough to go around, with all of the
other foods available, if each of us
exercises a degree of restraint and if
all will co-operate.’’
He said there is “no lack of wheat
here for bread,” but if because of
the short corn crop America uses
wheat to feed animals and poultry
"there will not be enough left over
to supply western Europe with its
minimum nppris ”
"We cannot and should not con
tinue to ship goods abroad indefin
itely without getting something of
equal value in return.” Harriman
said, for the United States is "not
inexhaustiably wealthy nor * * *
endlessly productive.
“Yet for every reason, ranging
from the humanitarian to the
economic, political and strategic,
we must help other countries be
come productive.”
Mr. Harriman stressed that the
Marshall program requires Euro
pean nations to help themselves
and one another if they "hope to
participate in any program of
American assistance that may be
Flanders Favors Diversion End.
Earlier, Senator Flanders, Repub
lican, of Vermont had expressed an
opinion that it might be necessary
to restore the wartime allocation
order diverting grain from large
scale usage by distillers.
He pointed out grain was the
basis for all foods except fish, fruits
and vegetables and added: "I think
we can run a little short on our
The dean Of the House, Rep
resentative Sabath. Democrat, of
Illinois, urged Attorney General
Clark to begin antitrust investiga
tions against five more major groups
which the 81-year-old House mem
ber said are "responsible for the
ever-increasing C06t of living.”
In a letter to the Government’s
chief prosecutor, Mr. Sabath listed:
"1. The meat-packing trust, the
most vicious of them all.
“2. The dairy products combina
"3. The produce exchanges, par
ticularly those dealing in butter,
cheese and eggs, all of which are
selfishly controlled by a small group
of men.
"4. The few' men who manipulate
the board of trade and are respon
sible for the unjustifiable boosting
of the prices of grains.
"5. The fertilizer trust, who are
robbing the farmers of the country
who will be ever grateful if you will
begin to break it up.” Mr. Sabath
said it also would be ‘‘well to give
some attention to the textile and
wearing apparel manufacturing in
Mr. Sabath said that only the
poor people, who are unable 'to pay j
high food prices, must restrict their;
eating—not Senator Taft “and his'
wealthy friends.”
In California. Senator Taft, as
serting that the size of American
exports is much too great, last week
suggested, however, that food prices
could be remedied if people would
“eat less extravagantly.” He added
that exports can't go on at the “rate
of 15 billion dollar* a year without
having an effect on prices.”
Both wholesalers and retailers
last week were anticipating higher
prices, some of them this week, espe
cially in butter, eggs and meat.
Only fruit and vegetables were
holding any sort of "line" but the
end of the summer crop season may
bring an upswing here too.
More Bread Grain for ’47.
The Agriculture Department re
ported that the world will produce
slightly more bread grain in 1947
than last year in contrast to a be
low-average production in Europe
and most other deficit areas, the
Department of Agriculture reported.
The report said the situation
points to substantially larger world
import Requirements than in 1946
and to another year of critically
low bread rations for many areas.
The department s office of foreign
agricultural relations estimated the
world wheat crop may approximate
5.975.000. 000 bushels and the rye
crop 1,450,000 bushels.
The wheat crop last year was
5.865.000. 000 and rye 1,420,000,000
The report said European import
needs will be even larger than last
season when 13,200,000 short tons
of breadgrains, supplemented by
3,400,000 short tons of coarse grains
for food, were imported from North
Price Changes Surveyed.
On the domestic price front,
an Associated Press survey of the
retail price of eight staple foods in
13 key cities in all sections of the
Nation showed the following aver
age changes and prices from those
for the same foods in the same
cities a month earlier:
Bacon, up 4 cents a pound to 84
cents; pork chops, up 3 cents to 80
cents; round steak, up 3 cents to 86
cents; bread, unchanged; butter, up
12 cents a pound to 90 cents; eggs,
up 14 cents a dozen to 80 cents;
milk, up 1 cent a quart to 20 cents;
tomatoes, No. 2 can, 2 cents to 16
Dominicans Recall
Envoy From Madrid
By Hi* Aiseciotcd Pml
LAKE SUCCESS. Sept. 15. — The
Dominican Republic today an
nounced it had withdrawn Its Min
ister from Madrid in compliance
with a 1946 United Nations Assem
bly recommendation slapping at the
Franco regime in Spain.
The announcement on the eve of
the 1947 Assembly in New York left
Argentina listed as the only U. N.
member which has not complied
with the majority recommendation
of the 55 nations that all recall their
top-level diplomats from Madrid.
The Dominican government ear
lier had informed Secretary-General
Trygve Lie that “proper consider
ation" would be given to the As
sembly resolution but no further
word had been received until today.
The Argentine government did
not have an Ambassador in Madrid
when the anti-Franco resolution was
adopted last fall but disregarded
the U. N. action and sent a new
envoy to the Franco government,
shortly after the Assembly adjourned
in December.
Air Force Losing Men
Many members of the Royal New
Zealand Air Force are asking dis
charge because of dissatisfaction
with rates of pay and 150 have al
ready left the service, giving rise
to fear that it may be seriously
Dublin’s Zoo is to have a building
devoted entirely to Insect displays.
Bums Charges UPWA
Fears Loyalty Probe;
Attacks Opposition
The AFL American Federation
of Government Employes today
sharply criticized the rival CIO
United Public Workers’ of America
for opposing provisions of the
Federal loyalty program.
James B. Burns, AFGE president,
in an editorial in the union's news
paper, the Government Standard,
charged UPWA "may have good
reason to urge its members to hide
their organization affiliation.”
Mr. Burns asserted UPWA fears
that the loyalty investigations will
result in some UPWA members
Kairtrr HooloraH rliel/wol
Objection Disputed.
UPWA has objected, among other
things, to a question in the loyalty
form which asks employes to list
their organizational affiliations, as
serting this was a “union-busting”
device. Under the question, em
ployes will have to list any union
affiliations and this will lead to in
timidation by “union-hating” Gov
ernment officials, the union con
Mr. Burns disputed this, declaring:
“At a time when all of us have a
renewed responsibility to perpetu
ate Americanism, it is hard to un
derstand why any one would offer
an objection to this type of ques
Later on, Mr. Burns said that
“perhaps it is natural” that UPWA
object* to the question.
Suspects “Hidden Fear.”
“Any organization which has es
tablished procedure under which its
members could strike against the
Government; whose ideas, formu
lated in convention, have paralleled
the propaganda issued by a foreign
nation whose stock in trade is false
philosophies and vapid ideologies,
may have good reason to urge its
members to hide their organiza
tional affiliation,” he said.
Mr. Burns continued: “It can
only be assumed that objections to
the question must stem from a hid
den fear that the spotlight of truth
will ferret out those in the Govern
ment service who have chosen to
affiliate themselves with organiza
tions that today are working against
the best interests of £ir country.”
To ease its servant shortage Eire
will permit employment of alien fe
males as domestic servants.
Packard and Chrysler
Oppose C. & 0. Link
To New York Central
iy rix A»»cw4mI Pr«i
Two automobile companies. Pack
ard and Chrysler, said today they
would be adversely affected if an
interlocking directorate is allowed
for the Chesapeake it Ohio and
New York Central railroads.
They appeared before the Inter
state Commerce Commission where
Robert R. Young of the C. it O.
proposed such a setup looking to
future consolidation of the two lines.
Packard Motor Co. and Chrysler
Corp. Intervened Jointly at an ICC
hearing on applications of Young
and Robert J. Bowman, board chair
man and president respectively, of
the C. it O., for authority to sit on
the New York Central board.
Say C. * O. Favors Competitors.
Expressing concern that Mr.
Young and Mr. Bowman will “im
pose policy” on the New York Cen
tral, the two motor firms said:
"The New York Central has been
the one railroad among the several
lines serving Detroit which has
shown the greatest concern for the
welfare, interests and competitive
situation of the automobile manu
facturers in Detroit.”
uh iuc uuici ntuia, wiey uiserwa
that C. & O. and its affiliate, the
Pere Marquette Railroad, "have con
sistently pursued a policy of pro
moting and maintaining a structure
of freight rates for the transporta
tion of new automobiles, which has
preferred and greatly benefited
General Motors and Ford, and es
pecially the former.”
Adverse Policy Seen.
The petitioners said they believed
that if Mr. Young and Mr. Bowman
held places on both C. St O. and New
>ifork Central boards, they will "im
pose upon the New York Central a
co-ordinated traffic policy adverse
to the interests of automobile
manufacturers in Detroit, and pref
erential to their competitors.”
In an opening statement on the
Young-Bowman petitions, Attorney
Joseph C. Kaufmann of Cleveland
said that "unification” of the C. St
O. system and the New York Cen
tral is “in the minds of these pe
He pointed out, however, that the
commission is not now called upon
to rule on unification, but said that
this was something “for the future.”
Merger Proposal Urged.
The Virginian Railway Co., op
posing the applications, Insisted
that if unification testimony is to
be permitted at this hearing, Mr.
Young and Mr. Bowman be required
to file an outright merger proposal
with the commission.
Assistant Director C. Boles of the
ICC's Finance Bureau, sitting as
examiner in the case, did not rule
immediately on this issue.
Meanwhile, the C. & O. Executive
Committee meet here to divest itself
of control of the Nickel Plate Rail
Nickel Plate is now one of the
Young roads, but since it operates
in direct compition with the New
York Central, the process of end
ing C. and O. control is considered
a requisite to the proposed affilia
tion with that line.
New York World's
Last City Editor Dies
•y tha Akseciatad Pratt
WATERBURY, Conn.. Sept. 15.—
John McCandless Rainey, 67, last
city editor of the old New York
Evening World, died yesterday after
a four-day illness. >
He had resided at Woodbury,
Conn., since 1940.
Mr. Rainey, born in New York,
was city editor for more than a
decade. He held the position until
the two Worlds—morning and eve
ning—were absorbed by the Scripps
Howard Newspapers.
First Test of New 21-Ton Bomb
To Be With 'Dud' to Check Fall
By Hi# Associated Pross
The Army will limit the first test
of its new king-sise bomb to the
drop of s “dud” missile, with actual
blast experiments to be made later
from fixed ground positions.
This was learned today from Army
Air Force and Army Ordnance ex
perts who said the initial problem to
be solved is how to release the huge
42,000-pound bomb fftwn an airplane
and determine the pattern of its
fall to a target.
They note that never before has
a load of this weight been dropped
from an aircraft—and they wont
even guess what may happen when
the specially fitted B-29 suddenly
becomes 21 tons lighter.
Ordnance officers said they assume
that one of the factors of particular
interest in the first experiments is
the depth of penetration attained
by the heavy bomb.
They suggested that to carry
through the tests, a loaded bomb
might be planted later at the depth
indicated by the drop-test and then
exploded. This would provide an
opportunity for a more careful check
on the force of the explosion and
the accompanying earth shocks.
Combat Use to Be Decided.
The combat use of the huge bomb
presumably will be decided by the
results of the tests, the first of which
are scheduled this fall.
Military men note that the bomb
under certain conditions would have
an advantage over an atomic blast.
If, for instance, the military situa
tion called for heavy blasting of
large areas through which advanc
ing troops or naval forces would
eventually move, the 42,000-pound
missile could be used without hav
ing to cope with the deadly con
tamiation left by an exploding A
bomb, a hazard to the advancing
force as well as the enemy.
However, the blast produced by
the standard TNT bomb, despite its
size, would be only a fraction of
the destruction produced by an
atomic weapon.
Until tests have been made of
the blast, and other characteristics
of the new bomb carefully measured,
tacticians are reluctant to guess the
best method of utilizing the develop
They declined to speculate on
whether warehips might be a profit
able target for the 43,000-pounder.
Atom bombardiers eontend that
under present conditions their
weapon is too costly in terms of
man-hours and dollars to use as a
weapon against individual naval
ships. Unofficial estimates of the
'cost of an atom bomb have ranged
during the last year around 11,000,
000, with the scarcity of raw ma
terials and the amount of time re
quired to produce a single bomb also
important factors.
Against this is the rough estimate
that the 43,000-pound conventional
bomb, under wartime production,
might cost only about >13,000 and
be turned out under virtually mass
production methods.
This, therefore, might make even
an Individual enemy capital ship
a worthwhile target—if the cumber
some bomb could be dropped on or
close to the ship. The problem of
precision bombing of this nature
has begun to lend Itself to solution
through remote control guidance
i mathoAe
In the closing months of the war
the British experimented with extra'
heavy bombs in attacks on cities.'
using, however, weights only about!
half that of the United States’ new
Children are selling clothing ra-'
tion coupons to tourists in Dublin.
' streets.
One Angler Killed, 13 Hurt
In Fishing Boat Blast
I, Hi* Ax«cMt*d *r*n
BRIELLE. N. J., Sept. 15.—One
man was Injured fatally and 14
other persons were hurt yesterday
when a fishing boat with 38 persons
aboard exploded, blowing some of
the passengers into the water.
A dozen other persons were wait
ing nearby to board the boat, the
Paramount III. when the blast oc
curred. Fire followed the explosion
and the vessel was badly damaged,
but remained afloat.
Jacob Seibar, 48. of Dunellen.
N. J.. a fisherman, died in a hospital
several hours after the explosion.
He suffered a fractured skull and
John Chek. 58. of New Market.
N. J., anonther flsheman. waa crit
ically injured. Of the 13 others
taken to hospitals, several were re
leased immediately after treatment
for minor injuries.
The blast occurred about 4:30 a.m.
as the fishermen were waiting for
sunrise so they could begin their
trip out into the Atlanttic. The
boat's two engines had been warm
ing up for about 15 minutes.
Church to Mark 131st Year
DENTON. Md., Sept. 15 IB*.—The
First Methodist Church of Denton ;
will observe its 131st anniversary
Sunday. TOe morning sermon will
be by Bishop Edwin Holt Hughes,
retired, of Washington.
Living coats of Chinese workers
in Shanghai are 14 times those of .
18 months ago. ,
• WINDOW SHADES washed and reversed for as
little as 35c each.
• VENETIAN BLINDS thoroughly machine
cleaned for as little as 96c each.
will repair and retape your blinds.
Deferred payments may be arranged.
Save! Bring your shades and blinds to onr plant if j
possible and save pick-up, delivery and rehanging
M ^f
m up to inches ajf nr*
^L89e t $ ,U i
Our Ropreaentatfro Will Call al Tour
^QB^Vr Httinp for Meaaarament*. No Chart*
for Thi* SottIco Within IS-MII* Radio*.
Do not. risk making a pattern of your
IN\J I IVdC • table, let us do it—to insure a perfect lit.
Empire Table Pad* Phone NAtional 4671
Adam A. Watchlar b San, Anctianaart
Bankruptcy Sale j
Modern Restaurant, Bar and Office
Bv virtue of an order of the Diitrict Court ot the United StdUe tor the
Diitrict of Columbia, holding a Bankruptcy Vourt in re Mas Gordon and
Fannie R. Gordon, trading as Max Gordon i Seafood Restaurant, Bankrupt,
No. bk09, tht undersigned Trustee will sell
By Public Auction
at Max Gordon’s Seafood Restaurant
1807 Columbia Road N.W.
_ IB •••iMk AM. '
Tv* National Electric Model 1»1S <5-11 cheek atom* reriater*. N»tj*'i»lia*ctric
Model 1*14 (5-1) 1C each reriater, walnat bar connter and cashier1 a atand.
connect racks, dr* extinniahera. framed etchinc*. Pedestal fan. metal ftamo
counter stools. International time clock. stainless stool checker a atand- Hobart
cake mixer. Rleen Ret band saw. eoanter and beam scales, Wyott cream
dispenser, collee nrn* and stand, dish carts, gellcrs emersion IfH **“4 water
heater (1.000 xal.) Lawson No. 2S0 caa-flred water heater booster, hear* dnty
sump pomp, atainleoa ateel eatlery tray*, tray stands. saleanised Iron oan*
line atainleoa ateel and alnminnm atensila. bakinx aheeta and pans, trays, china,
class, platedware.
Allen-Wales 10 bank electric desk type addins machine. Inal typewriter,
small Dlebold aafe. check writer, ateel letter Me eaMneta. valent dosks, table,
chairs, lamp. etc.
NOTE. Only holders of Claaa "A" or "C" Alcahellc Beyerare Licenses per
mitted te purchase alcoholic bererates.
-54—24 *30". 56 24 "*24". 7—M»” and .7—36” r«u4 linen Eton®-Lite tables*
■nrUatSLd,n, M.t date. * Uf3rd. .
abent 61' «pho!stered settee, waiters' stand and 7—24 *36" Eeene-LHe berries
NOTl^ Thf *b»»»-irenttoned Matin* mlpnmt ta ke Mid enkjeet ta Hen af
retard. Partlealara at aale.
Tprmi * Psi'ti A> M. GOLP6TE1W- Tmstee,
T3T * Unite 326-3W6. »®nd Bnlfdtnv
l » —1
You may have two or three days left over —or
a full vacation still to enjoy. You may want to
take them now, or be planning for a mid-winter
“break”. Whichever it is, get the most out of
it... in Canada, where one week-end goes a
long way and a fortnight is a holiday feast*
it’s touring weather in all parts of Canada—cool,
uncrowded, aglow with fall coloring. Famed beauty spots
lie just over the border—in Canada’s horizon*bound«d
National Parks—along scenic highways which skirt lake
and seashore,wind through tinted woodlands and pastoral valleys.
In Canada's cities, too, life is taking on a brisk fall flavor.
Get away north—now—for >
summer’s-end holiday in this
big, friendly vacationland
where you’re never a stranger,
always a guest.
For information on things to see and
do, write Canadian Government
7 ravel Bur east, Department of Trad*
and Commerce, Ottawa, Canada.
Nan. J. A. a IIO AOUM
Ca ada’s winter playgrounds will be
blanketed with millions of tons of snow, ready
to welcome the wise ones who have learned to
save a week or two for winter. Here's snow-fun
for everyone: jingling sleigh rides under deep fur
robes; easy ski-ing down gentle nursery slopes;
high-speed sport on king-size tow hills; day-long
cross country runs over varied, well-marked
terrain. And indoors atday's-end you’ll find a
log fire burning, an empty chair inviting you j
to join the friendly circle . •. L»okforward £


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