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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 16, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast Guide lor Readers
Sunny and cool, with low humidity this -
j afternoon. Highest, 75. Tonight clear and ... _. . Page„I T . . _ p*ge
1 cool. Lowest, 60. Tomoriow cool and drv. After Dark.A-12 i Lost and FoundA-3
(Full report on page A-2.) Amusements ...B-20 Obituary -A-10
„ Comics..B-19 Radio .B-19
Midnight .70 6 a.m. ...67 11a.m. ...67 Editorial -A-8 Society, Clubs....B-3
’ I 3n in *m *'« N,°2n-5? Editorial Articles A-9 Sports A-14-15
I 4a.m. ...70 10a.m. ...66 2p.m. ...68 j Finance .A-17 Woman's Page..B-12
Lote New York MorketS, Poge A-17. ____An Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,754 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1947—THTRTY-ETGHT PAGES. *5* 5 CENTS
Hurricane Veers
Slowly Toward
Florida Coast
Island in Bahamas
Struck by Winds of
160 Miles Per Hour
By the Associated Press
MIAMI, Fla., Sept. 16.—The
great Atlantic hurricane which
hit Aba co Island in the Ba
hamas with 160-mile winds to
day was reported showing an
indication of slow westward
movement toward Florida from
its position 220 miles east of
Palm Beach.
If the westerly movement at 5 to
7 miles an hour is confirmed, hur
ricane warnings will be hoisted this
afternoon over Florida. The entire
peninsula already has been told to
make advance preparations for the
storm.
The weather station at Abaco re
ported it was closing down its oper
at ions at noon. Observers there
said they would establish a radio
listening post but would be unable
to gather further data.
Florida East Coast Warned.
The eastern half of the Florida
peninsula began to get ready for a
possible blow. Residents who relied
on storm warning experts to guide
them began to heed the advice to
make preliminary preparations.
There was no excitement.
played from West Palm Beach to
Cape Hatteras, and Chief Forecaster
Grady Norton said "the situation
along the Florida coast is critical."
Winds to 95 miles an hour "were
blowing at Abaco Island, and Green
Turtle Key was under 2 feet of
water.
A special note of advice was
voiced by Mr. Norton to the rich
Everglades farming area around
Lake Okeechobee, already partly
flooded by heavy summer rains.
Nineteen years ago today a major
disaster occurred in this same sec
tion when a hurricane blew the
water out of Lake Okeechobee,
drowning about 1,500 persons.
Growing in Size.
Mr. Norton said at 11 a.m. that
"no one can tell at this moment
what the hurricane will do. It is
wallowing around out there, growing
in size and could strike out in any
direction when it begins to move
again. It could as easily move to
ward land as away from land.
"If it moves toward land now,
the time of warning will be very
short. Therefore, although actual
hurricane warnings are not dis
played, the Florida East Coast would
be prudent to make preliminary
preparations for a hurricane.
"In view of the flooded condition
of the Everglades, I believe it would
be prudent to make special mention
of this area. The coast from Miami
to north of Palm Beach' already is
experiencing fresh winds from the
storm. Farmers in the Everglades
could well begin to look to the
safety of livestock, to protection'for
expensive machinery, and other
normal preparatory measures. I
do not wish to spread alarm in this
area, but I am most anxious that
residents fully understand possibil
ities.
Weather Station Being Abandoned.
“It is entirely possible that .the
storm will move away from land, in
which case these preparatory meas
ures will prove unnecessary. But
prudence indicates the necessity of
preliminary preparations."
Mr. Norton said the weather ob
servation station on Green Turtle
Key, in the Bahamas, had notified
the storm warning center here that
with 2 feet of water across the is
land “we are getting ready to evacu
ate this station.”
Small craft in the Florida Keys
were advised to remain in safe
harbors.
Mr. Norton conceded that the
(See' HURRICANE, Page A-6.)
Paul Mallon Quits Writing
Column to WFishing'
By rho Associated Press
NEW YORK, Sept. 16.—King
Features Syndicate. Inc., announced
today that Paul Mallon, writer of
a column for the syndicate for the
last 10 years, had terminated his
contract.
A spokesman said Mr. Mallon had
not given any reason for his decision
to end the contract. Efforts to reach
the columnist were unavailing.
I his last column published today,
however, Mr. Mallon wrote, “today
I feel strangely happy. With my
tumed-up pantaloons and hame
made fish pole nine feet long, it is
good-bye for the present to all my
good readers. You have been sweil
to me for 15 long years. Don't you
think a lot more people ought to go
fishing?”
What the Russians
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow radio, broadcasting
in English, to North America last
week, said:
“The fight of the Paraguayan
people for re-establishment of
democratic freedoms and for
liberation of the country from
the yoke of North American
monopolies met with enthusiastic
solidarity of the progressive
circles of the Latin American
countries.
“The United States, on the
ether hand, adopted all measures
for saving the dictatorship of
Morinigo, even military support
including intervention. * * *
"According to latest reports I
from Paraguay, the North Amer
ican intervention succeeded in
preventing the rebels from oc
cupying the Paraguayan cap- i
ital. Whatever may be the de- j
velopments of these events they j
demonstrated the role played by
dollar diplomacy in the Latin
American countries where it im- j
plants and supports reactionary |
antipopular regimes hated by the j
people.” I
I \
2,2SO Are Feared
Dead or Missing
In Jap Typhoon
Thousands Struggle
To Construct Dikes .
North of Tokyo
By th« Associated Press
TOKYO, Sept. 16.—Thousands
of Japanese worked tonight
erecting temporary dikes in an
effort to stem floodwaters 20
miles north of Tokyo as unofficial
estimates placed the number of
dead and missing at 2,280.
Earlier incomplete American Mil
itary Government reports said the
floodwaters, rising on the broad
plain nor of Tokyo in the wake of
a typhoon, left nearly 1,700 Japanese
dead or missing and damaged some
100.000 houses.
Japanese newspapers said resi
dents of Kasukabe were working
feverishly on temporary dikes
against advancing waters of two
rivers which had ripped through
their banks. The reports added that
fahure to halt the flood at Kasukabe
would expose the eastern section of
Tokyo to the onrush of water, de
scribed as 3 feet high in some
places.
Storm damage was reported from
15 prefectures stretching over 500
miles across two-thirds of Honshu
Island—from Nie Prefecture south
west of Nagoya to Akita on the ex
treme northwestern coast. Damage
to homes, crops, bridges, railroads
and highways was expected to total
several hundred million yen <at the
official rate 50 yen equal $1). Two
medium-sized towns were wiped out
and many villages flooded as the
Tone and Arakawa Rivers spilled
out onto the flatlands.
The military government reported
150 dead in Gumma Prefecture and
86 dead in Tochigi Prefecture, to the
west. The number of missing was
placed at 1,402.
In one prefecture alone, 160,000
Japanese were on relief. Thousands
more elsewhere took refuge from
rampaging river waters on house
tops, levees and hills.
No Allied casualties were reported.
(See TYPHOON, Page A^f)
Spreading Walkouts
Menacing Italy as
Metal Workers Quit
Treaty of Peace Termed
'Infamous Dictate' by
Rome Newspapers
By tht Associated Press
ROME, Sept. 16.—Spreading
strikes that menaced her al
ready shaky economy Sharked
Italy’s return to sovereignty
today.
The peace treaty with the win
ners of World War II took effect
at 2 a.m. (8 p.m., EDT Monday).
Rome newspapers declared the
treaty “infamous” and a "dictate.”
Adding their weight to a nine-day
strike of more than 1,000,000 farm
workers in the north, 850,000 metal
workers began a 48-hour walkout,
protesting the high cost of living
and demanding more pay. The farm
workers seek an eight-hour day, in
creased pay and other concessions.
In Rome a one-hour strike to
protest high prices was called in
offices of railroads and bus lines.
In Palermo. Sicily, transport work
ers struck for higher pay.
Misery Held Real Threat.
American riinlnmats here mean
while, expressed belief that misery,
rather than communism, wras the
real force to be reckoned with in
Italy and that the next seven
months would test Italy's resistance
to communism.
Prices of some foods had doubled
in the last six months to a year.
iW best meat cost 1,500 lire a kilo
gram against about 700 lire less
than a year ago; spaghetti, 420 lire
a kilogram, against 120 lire; ra
tioned bread, 57 lire, against 27 lire.
Black market bread was 240 lire.
( A kilogram is 2.2 pounds. The
official rate of exchange is 350
Italian lire to a dollar, making
the lire worth roughly a third
of a cent.)
A check of representative Ameri
can foreign service officers, includ
ing the top advisers of Ambassador
James C. Dunn, revealed a feeling
that the immediate problem was to
relieve the Italians' hunger and
deprivation to strengthen their
morale in the face of a Communist
campaign to capture power.
Reds Want Bread Riots.
"We think it is the primary Com
munist aim to take Italy by legal
means,” one of the diplomats said.
"The one thing we can not afford
is bread riots. There is nothing the
Communists would like better.”
The diplomats said they regarded
the farm strike in the predominantly
Leftist north as an opening gun in
the Communist campaign to harry
to death the non-Communist, non
Socialist Christian Democrat gov
ernment of Premier Alcide de Gas
peri.
Mr. de Gasperi warned Italians
(See ITALY, Page A-6.)
Britain May Request Loan
From international Bank
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Sept. 16.—A govern
ment source said today that Britain
soon might ask -the International
Bank for a $320,000,000 loan de
signed partly to ease her economic
crisis.
The bank said last week that
“stopgap” loans for crisis relief
would not be permitted.
An informed British source sug
gested, however, that Britain pre
sumably could meet the bank's re
quirements by earmarking a loan
for reconstruction and develop
ment. Certain reconstruction and
development projects would have
the effect of relieving the nation’s
economic position.
Americans Halt
Yugoslav Troops
At Trieste Border
Warning Shots Fired
In Bloodless Clash at
New State's Frontier
By the Associated Press
TRIEST, Sept. 16—A bloodless
frontier clash between Yugoslav
and American troops marked
the birth of Trieste as a free
territory today.
The Allied military government
announced that a Yugoslav detach
ment was blocked by a warning burst
of machine-gun fire and the move
ment of an armor-supported Amer
ican infantry battalion up from re
serve when the Yugoslavs sought to
cross the border into the free terri
tory at an outpost held by 12 Amer
ican soldiers.
The incident followed a night in
which Yugoslavia jumped the gun
on the Allied-Yugoslav time table
for her occupation of lands won
under the Italian peace treaty and
forced troop movements in the
Morgan Line zone by night instead
of after dawn, as planned. There
was Italian and Slav rioting in
Trieste.
British-American Military Gov
ernment headquarters said the
Americans at Post No. 5, on a main
road to Trieste, held their ground
when a Yugoslav unit of 34 soldiers
presented itself at the provisional,
and disputed, boundary and de
manded permission to cross.
Reserve Battalion Called Up.
The Yugoslavs called ud rein
forcements in full battle formation.
Immediately a battalion of Ameri
can infantry was sent up from a
reserve position with its full com
plement of armor and artillery.
Maj. Gen. T. S. Airey, British
commander in Trieste, said the
Yugoslavs indicated then they would
abide by the decision of the British
American command and would refer
the matter to dilomatic level.
“Owing to the extraordinary good
sense and tactful handling by the
American troops,” Gen. Airey said,
"an incident was prevented.” He
added that. the affair might have
led “to bloodshed and a breach of
the articles of the peace treaty.”
Both the American and Yugoslav
officers at the post said they, would
consult with higher authorities. The
Yugoslavs dropped back a few feet
from the line. ..
Incident Occurs on Road.
Rioting between Italians and Slavs
heralded the birth of the free ter
ritory of Trieste, embracing the
Adriatic port and its environs.
The AMG announcement said
the machinegun incident occurred
on the road between Boriano and
Proscco.
The Yugoslav unit of 34 soldiers
commanded by two officers presented
itself at the boundary and demanded
permission to cross. The Americans
refused. The Vugoslavs argued
that they interpreted the peace
treaty as authorizing Yugoslav
troops to enter the free state up to
a maximum of 5,000 men.
The American officer in charge of
the post, the AMG said, replied that
he would consult his superiors.
When the Yugoslavs insisted on
crossing he summoned the tank and
also called for local reserves.
Yugoslav Letter Received.
The Yugoslav troops who demand
ed entry into the free state were a
detachment of the force of 2,000
men which, under an Allied agree
ment with Premier Marshal Tito,
were designated to be attached to
the AMG as liaison units.
Gen. Airey said he received a
letter last night from a Yugoslav
staff officer declaring the Yugoslav
troops would enter on the main road
into Trieste at midnight and station
themselves in the city.
Aiifc JUIII/IOU auucu uiat
he had talked with the detachment
commander previously and the
Yugoslav officer had agreed that
the Yugoslav troops should go
around and enter by way of the
(See TRIESTE, Page A-6.)
Dynamite Caps Blind
2 Children and Injure 4
lv tht Aitociat*d Pr«it
YUBA CITY, Calif., Sept. 16.—
Two children were blinded and the
sight of two others was in doubt
today as the result of an explosion
of dynamite caps last night.
Their 55-year-old grandmother
suffered serious abdomen injuries,
and two other children were injured.
Nine physicians worked over the
youngsters, who are the children of
Udell and Uell Reynolds, twin
brothers who live at nearby Sutter
County ranches.
The grandmother is Mrs. Elizabeth
Reynolds, 55.
Blinded were Larry. 8. who lost
both eyes and may lose his left hand,
and Jimmy. 6, both sons of Uell
Reynolds. Ronald, 7, and Tommy,
5, both sons of Udell, may lose their
sight, physicians said. Barbara, 6,
and Freddie, 7, were also injured.
Deputy Sheriff Kenneth Hooper
said he had no information on how
the children obtained the caps.
Assembly Opens
Under Cloud of
U. S.-Sovief Riff
Dr. Aranha, Retiring
President, Warns
Moment Is Critical
lu A ka.Im
United Nations Assembly today
formally opened its critical 1947
session amid solemn warnings
that the growing split between
Russia and the western powers
must be stopped at all costs.
The opening meeting, attended by
many of the world’s top diplomats
including Secretary of State Mar
shall, was convened at 11:09 a.m.
by silver-haired Dr. Oswaldo Aranha
of Brazil, holdover president of the
special Palestine session.
“Moment Is Crucial.”
Dr. Aranha told the opening scs- j
sion that “the world will organize j
peace or hasten war” over U. N.
council tables and warned that “the
next 10 years may be envisaged as a
period of doubts and insecurity."
“Our task,” Dr. Aranha declared,
“narrows dowm to the question of.
whether the road will lead to peace !
or to strife.”
“The moment is crucial,” the re
uuiiig piciiiucnt oaiu. xviuxc Limn
two years have elapsed since the end
of the war, but a real peace has not
yet been achieved.”
The Brazilian diplomat urged a
humane approach in dealing with 1
the problems of the postwar period,
warning that ‘‘the totalitarian world
collapsed because it dared to affront
the freedom of human conscience.”
Dr. Aranha said the United Na
tions—dedicated to the achievement
of peace—should benefit from the
lessons taught by war.
Must Condemn Thought of War.
“It is not enough,” he said, "to
ban the use of weapons such as gas,
atomic bombs and means of mass
destruction. We must condemn not
only the arms but the very thought
of war. together with all ideas of
employing (he pacific conquests of
science to breed war and destruc
tion instead of the well being of
peoples. The advent of reason will
be that of peace."
Dr. Aranha declared that the aim!
of the United Nations was not to
maintain peace through political
balance but "to promote all means'
and adopt all initiatives capable of
obviating the recourse to war for the
control of problems and indeed of
the very life of mankind.
Dr. Aranha told his fellow dele
gates that the world at large desired
peace but that it was up to the
United Nations to show them how to
maintain it.
rvc au aesire peace, ne said.
“There Is a single road to peace,
however, which all must follow.
Peace is one and indivisible. The
work that was begun in San Fran
cisco must culminate in New York,
here at the United Nations.”
Dispute Clouds’Opening.
The occasion was clouded by last
nights angry dispute between Rus
sia and the United States over the
Balkan question and by Russia's
i9th and 20th vetoes cast in the
Security Council on the eve of the
Assembly’s opening.
The sentiment of many delegates
was expressed by Fadhil Jamali,
Foreign Minister of Iraq, who said
on his arrival:
"I hope the United Nations will be
victorious in this crucial meeting.
If bad decisions are taken it may
mean the defeat of the United Na
tions.”
Mr. Jamali did not mention the
explosive Palestine problem which—
along with the Balkan problem and
the big-power veto—was on the for
midable list of questions that may
keep the Assembly in session as long
as three months.
Among the early arrivals was Gen.
Marshall, who is personally heading
the American delegation. He en
tered the crowded antechamber at
10:50 a.m., ahead of Soviet Chief
Delegate Andrei Y. Vishinsky, who
got in only this morning on the
British liner Queen Elizabeth.
The first of the Queen Elizabeth
contingent to be rushed by lim
ousine to the assembly hall at
Flushing Meadow Park was Premier
Paul-Henri Spaak of Belgium, pres
ident of the Assembly at its 1946
meetings in London and New York.
O’Dwyer Extends Welcome.
Mayor William O’Dwyer, in a
speeh of welcome, told the delegates
the world was looking to the U. N.
to guarantee that the world "shall
be secure and rational and offer
nobler incentives for living to all
who inhabit this globe.”
"Our haste makes us impatient
(See U. N.. Page A-6.)
14 'Revolutionaries' Held
After Cuban Battle
By the Associated Press
HAVANA, Cuba, Sept. 16.—Four
teen persons were held in custody
today after a two-hour gun battle
between police and a group of sus
pected • revolutionaries” at the home
of Police Inspector Antonio Morin
Dopico yesterday during which five
persons were killed and 12 wounded.
Woman Battles Off Strangler
At Door of 16th St. Apartment
Mrs. Sandra Mona Sado, 34, wife
of an importer-exporter, today told
police a man followed her to the
door of her Sixteenth street apart
ment shortly after midnight and at
tempted to strangle her with an
Army necktie.
A colored attendant at the apart
ment house, who heard her screams,
said he saw a slender man in Army!
uniform disappear behind some
bushes.
Mrs. Sado called her attacker
“apparently a mad strangler.”
She told this story to reporters
today:
After visiting friends last night,
she drove back to her apartment
and was unable to find poking
space in front of the apartment, at
3200 Sixteenth street N.W.
She spent some time circling the
block and finally parked near the
streetcar loop on Mount Pleasant
street. Then she started walking
down Lamont street toward Six
teenth street.
As she passed the rear entrance of
the apartment on Lamont street, she
saw the door open and a man j
emerged. He was holding something
*n his hands which looked to her
like a rope.
Mrs. Sado quickened her pace.
Then, as she saw the man coming up*
behind her, she broke into a run. |
Near her apartment entrance, she:
(See ATTACK, Page~A
City Heads Adopt Barrett Plan
For Centralizing Police Records
rraise v-mer s worK,
Promote Lt. Agnew
To Head Bureau
By Rudolph Kauffmann II
The Commissioners today
adopted in their entirety the
recommendations of Police Supt.
Robert J. Barrett for reorganiz
ing his department and passed
a resolution commending him
for “splendid work” in preparing
the report that carries the pro
posed changes.
As the first step in putting them
into effect, they approved the pro
motion of Lt. John J. Agnew to cap
tain and four other promotions to
give Maj. Barrett manpower of suf
ficient rank to supervise a new cen
tral bureau for records, communica
tions and complaints.
\Maj. Barrett told reporters that
Lt. Agnew would head the new bu
reau, but that the four others were
being promoted merely so that there
would be enough lieutenants and
sergeants on the force to man the
bureau.
Other promotions are:
Detective Sergt. Carl D. Schamp
to lieutenant. Sergt. Ray Agglesor.
to lieutenant and Corpls.” Howard F.
LT. JOHN J. AGNEW.
Approved as captain to head
new Police Central Bureau.
—Star Staff Photo.
I - •
- Mowry and J. W. Nally to sergeant.
These four men, Maj. Barrett was
careful to explain, are not neces
sarily those who will be assigned to
the new bureau. He said five other
members of the force soon would be
(See POLICE, Page A-67)
2 Flee Arlington Jail,
One for Second Time
In Less Than Month
Men Use Keys to Leave
Building, Pistol to Get
Ride Into District
Two prisoners escaped from
the Arlington County Jail today,]
one for the second time in less
than a month, the Arlington
jailer reported.
The men were Robert Lee Ray,
31, of the 400 block of H street N.W.,
and Paul Crews, 30, colored. 1900
block Port Myer drive, Arlington.
They "walked out" of the brick
structure on the courthouse-grounds
sometime between 8:30 and 10 a.m.,
according to Jailer Roland Howes.
Washington police had a report
one of the men was armed with a
pistol.
About 20 policemen in scout cars
and motorcycles were sent to Four
teenth street and Maine avenue S.W.
after the pair were reported seen
there. A police boat from harbor
precinct also patroled off shore and
oecupants of the many private boats
moored in the area were questioned.
First Escaped August 23.
Ray, who has been held for sev
eral months following his indict
ment on charges of breaking and
entering, first escaped from the jail
on August 23. He was recaptured
about three days later in the Dis
trict when police surprised him as
he attempted to crack a safe.
Ray and Crews jumped in a
truck on a construction job at the
Arlington Trust Co. one block from
the jail and forced the driver at
gun point to take them into Wash
ington, Arlington police said. The
driver of the truck was Charles
Marshall, colored, Chesterbrook, Va.,
an employe of a company which is
paving a parking lot at the bank.
Mr. Marshall said he had just
pulled out of the parking lot when
Ray and Crews jumped into his
truck. Mr. Marshall said Crews
naa a pistol. ne saia ne wem uora
Lee boulevard to Shirley highway
and across Fourteenth street bridge.
At the overpass where Fourteenth
street crosses Maine avenue, the
driver went down the ramp and the
men got off at Maine avenue.
The truck driver said he at
tempted to speed up to attract
police but the men made him drive
at a normal rate.
Six Did Not Try to Flee.
Mr. Howes said there were six
prisoners who did not avail them
selves of the opportunity to go with
Ray and Crews. A number of other
(See ESCAPE, Page A-4.)
Six Killed in Old Delhi
NEW DELHI. Sept. 16 <JP\.—
Police reported today that govern-;
ment troops killed six men and
wounded three others in • skirmish
in front of the Old Delhi railway
station following the stabbing of
two men—one fatally—during an
stherwise quiet night.
i
Tobin Calls on NLRB
To Reverse Ruling on
Anti-Red Affidavits
Teamsters' Head Signs
Document and Demands
Right to Board's Aid
ly the Associated Press
The AFL Teamsters’ Union to
day demanded that the National
Labor Relations Board reverse a
ruling by its own general coun
sel on the scope of the controver
sial non-Communlst section of
the Taft-Hartley Act.
Daniel J. Tobin, president of the
teamsters, announced that he has
signed the required non-Communist
affidavit and now contends his
union is legally eligible to use serv
ices of the board despite a con
trary opinion by Robert N. Den
XXaili, tilt: kA/aiu >s guiuai luuiioci.
Mr. Denham has held that AFL
unions cannot qualify until all mem
bers of the General Executive Coun
cil have furnished affidavits. John
L. Lewis, a member of the council,
has blocked such a mass filing.
Union Called Autonomous.
Mr. Tobin argued that his union
is completely autonomous despite its
AFL affiliation. He said Joseph A.
Padway, teamsters’ union attorney,
would take the case to the board
today.
The Taft-Hartle.v Act says “each
officer of such labor organization
and the officers of any national or
international labor organization of
which it is an affiliate or constituent
unit” must furnish affidavits in
order for a union to be eligible for
NLRB aid.
Mr. Tobin is the first top official
of either the CIO or AFL to sign
the non-Communist forms.
His move is an aftermath of an
AFL Executive Council session in
Chicago last week.
Tobin Favored Signing.
Mr. Tobin wanted Mr. Lewis and
all the AFL leaders to agree to sign,
even announcing to reporters in ad
vance that the teamsters would do so.
Mr. Lewis, like Mr. Tobin, a vice
president of the AFL. flatly refused,
although the Mine Workers for-years
have barred Communists from their
union, as do Mr. Tobin’s teamsters.
NLRB officials say Mr. Tobin is
not likely to get a decision right off
the bat. The board takes the posi
tion that it cannot act on Mr. Den
ham’s interpretation of the law until
some union, denied use of NLRB ma
chinery by a regional office, appeals
to the board itself.
The CIO has put over until its
Boston convention next month any
decision on what it will fio about the
non-Communist forms. But Secre
tary-Treasurer James Carey said re
cently that neither he nor CIO Pres
ident Philip Murray ever would
sign them. A
V
Living-Cosi Pay Raise
For Federal Workers
Wins Langer Backing
Civil Service Chairman
Reverses Stand in Talk
To Postal Employes
By Joseph Young
Chairman Langer of the Sen
ate Civil Service Committee has
come out in favor of cost-of-liv
ing pay raises for Government
employes, it was learned today. I
Reversing his stand during the
last Congress when he refused to
sponsor pay-raise legislation. Sena
tor Langer indicated he would spon
sor a wage boost bill when Con
gress convenes In January.
The North Dakotan's change of
heart was disclosed during his
speech last Saturday to a group of
postal employes in Los Angeles.
"My mail shows a tremendous suf
fering among Government em
ployes,” ne declared. "The pinch
is beginning to tell.
•‘Absorbed” by Prices.
"We’ve got to do something, no
matter how many times Congress
has heen erantine Dav increases in
the past,” Senator Langer told his
cheering audience. “So long as
those increases failed to endure and
were absorbed by ever increasing
prices, they are of no consequence.”
Officials of the various Govern
ment employes unions, who have
announced that pay raises for Fed
eral workers will be their No. 2
legislative goal next January, ex
pressed optimism when informed by
The Star of Senator Langers’ state
ment.
"I think we've got a good chance
of getting some kind of cost-of-liv
ing bonus with Senator Langer on
our side,-'' one official said. “After
all. he is chairman of the Senate
Civil Service Committee, and if he
can rally his committee behind him.
I think that there is a good chance
that Federal workers will get the
relief from rising prices that they
so sorely need.”
Temporary Raise Sought.
Any pay raise measure that stands
a chance of enactment would be one
of a temporary nature, and that is
the kind of a bill that most Federal
union groups are working for. They
are seeking a temporary $400 an
nual raise for Government employes,
with the pay boost to be withdrawn
when prices come down to a point
approximating 1940 levels.
Union officials say the fact that
private industry employes have re
u-arrp HnHncr tbp
year, plus the fact that living costs
continue to climb each month,
makes them hopeful that Congress
will come to the aid of Federal em
ployes. On the other hand, this is
an economy-minded Congress, and
union leaders realize they will have
a job on their hands in "selling'’ the
legislation to the Republican lead
ership.
The powerful AFL postal unions
have joined the pay raise campaign
and there are reports that an in
creasing number of Congress mem
bers have indicated to union leaders
their willingness to consider wage
boosts for Government workers.
Government employes in 1945 and
(Se° LANGER. Page A-6.1
Moran Is Appointed
To D. C. Liquor Board
The Commissioners today appoint
ed James O'Donnell Moran, 43.
Washington lawyer, to fill the posi
tion on the Alcoholic Beverage Con
trol 'RnorH lpft vflrflnt. hv thp death
of William P. Meredith.
His appointment is for the six
months left before Mr. Meredith's
term of office expires in March.
Mr. Moran, a former associate oft
the late Sefton Darr, was a com
mander hi the Navy during the war.
He was bom in Washington and at
tended local schools before taking a
bachelor’s degree at Catholic Uni
versity and a law degree at George
' town University Law School. He
; entered law practice in 1929 and
became associated with Mr. Darr in
1930.
His wife is the former Cecilia Al
faro. They have two children and
live at 2801 Allendale place N.W.
While in the Navy, Mr. Moran was
intelligence officer at Bremen, Ger
many. He is a former director of
the District Bar Association and a
former director of the National Cap
; ital Bank. ^
Meatless Menus
2 Days a Week
Are Urged Here
City Officials Issue
Appeal to Individuals
And Eating Places
The Commissioners today
called on all Washingtonians to
observe two meatless days a
week—any days they choose—to
reduce meat consumption in this
country and help feed Europe.
The Commissioners acted at a
ooard meeting this morning after
reading reports that Mayor O'Dwyer
of New York already had suggested
a return to wartime meatless days
in New York’s public eating places
to combat spiraling prices.
It was made clear that the Com
missioners have no authority to or
der any individual, restaurant or
hotel to observe meatless days and
hence it will be up to individuals or
groups to follow the recommenda
tion.
Restaurants Included.
Asked if the city heads included
restaurants in their request. Charles
Stofberg. special assistant to Board.
Chairman John Russell Young, said:
‘‘This includes all citizens. If
they are good citizens, the restau
rateurs will do their part.”
Mr. Stofberg also made it clear
the. Commissioners were not think
ing of any limitation or ban on
meat sales by stores on any particu
lar days since different individuals
or groups might choose different
days to observe as meatless.
Meanwhile, in Chicago the giant
markets reacted with slumping
opening prices to the Government's
request that margin requirements be
doubled in order "to lessen the dan
7Pr of a hnnm.anH.hnct cihiofi/\n *»
Grains Fall Sharply.
Wheat slumped about 7 cents a
bushel* at times, corn was ofl more
than 6 cents and oats were down
more than 5 cents. Near the end
of the first hour grains rallied some
what, but wheat was 2% to 6 cents
lower than the previous finish; Sep
tember, $2.74; corn was off 2 >4 to
3’4; September, $2.62%; oats were
l7s to 3 cents lower; September,
$1.18. November soybeans were up
1% cents at $3.41.
The Chicago Board of Trade an
nounced it will consider this after
noon the request for increased mar«
gins.
Clark Seeks Complaints.
These other developments in th#
food and price situation also wera
reported*
1. Attorney General Clark, in a
meeting with United States attor
neys here, announced a "grass roots’*
campaign against any illegal price
fixing agreements that tend to in
crease the cost of living. The pub
lic was invited to help by bringing
to the attention of local United
States attorneys "any information
indicating price fixing in the food,
clothing and housing fields.”
“What we would like to see,” one
Justice Department official spid,
"would be for individuals—who see
in some high prices a suspicion of
conspiracy between companies han
dling the various commodities—to
bring their case direcSy to the
United States attorney of their dis
trict. This would enable the attor
ney to investigate and take steps if
necessary.”
Pepper Sees "Receseion.”
2. Senator Pepper, Democrat, of
Florida said there is no hope for any
effort to check rising living costs
and "the American people might
just as well get ready for another
recession.” He blamed the Re
publican - controlled Congress. He
scoffed at a suggestion made yester
day by Senator Brewster, Republi
_ e s # „ ;.— » v, • » _i
vu*l. VWBV DllipilIVllW V* 1WU
to Europe are responsible for high
prices.
•We've got to get those people
more, not less,” Senator Pepper
said. "If we want to stop com
munism, we've got to make the
capitalism of Europe work.”
3. Senator Capehart, Republican,
of Indiana, said the basic answer to
rising living costs is more produc
tion. He called for a 48-hour week
instead of a 40.
4. In Chicago, 42 companies, in
dividuals and associations in the
meat industry were subpoenaed to
appear before a special Federal
grand jury which begins a price
investigation September 22. The
inquiry is part of the Justice De
partment's Nation-wide check to
determine if conspiracies exist to
produce high prices.
Eat Less or Export Less.
5. In St. Louis, Walter C. Berger,
president of the American Feed
Manufacturers’ Association told a
convention of grain and feed deal
ers Americans must choose between
eating less or exporting less. He
said there not enough grain in
this country to maintain present
meat, milk and egg production and
(See PRICEsTPage A-4~)
7 in Family Burned to Death
As Flames Sweep Hill Cabin
By the Associated Press
BENTON, Ark., Sept. 16.—Seven
persons burned to death today when
flames destroyed their three-room
frame dwelling four miles west of
here in the Ouachita foothills.
They were John Whalen Wallace,
45; his 40-year-old wife Lorene and
five of their six children. Mr. Wal
lace was a small farmer and sawmill
laborer.
Coroner J. P. Sims said ruins of
a small liquor still were found in
the room where the blaze apparently
started.
The only member of the family
group to escape was Roioe, 11.
Coroner Sims quoted him as saying
he was awakened in the back room
by an explosion, saw the front two
rooms in a mass of flames, slammed
the connecting door and dived ou*
a back exit.
In addition to the parents, tha
dead were Corrine, 13; John D„ 10;
Frankie. 4; Reuben, 3, and Daisy.
2 months.

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