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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 19, 1947, Image 2

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France and Italy Ask
6-Month Stop-Gap
France and Italy want about
11,100.000.000 of stop-gap aid
during the next six months,
Government officials disclosed
today, as they awaited President
Truman's Judgment on whether
to call a special session of Con
gress this fall.
As Mr. Truman nearer) Washing
ton. Republican congressional leaders
still held a "show me” attitude on
the need for reconvening before
The latest expression of this at
titude came late yesterday from
Speaker Martin, who said .he has no
information to date that would cause
him to favor a special session. He
made it clear he would not oppose
one if the administration proves a
need for stop-gap aid.
State Department officials have
been intimating for two weeks that
a special session may be necessary
to extend emergency aid to Prance
and Italy, and possibly Britain, be
fore the long-range Marshall plan
can be adopted.
France Wants *700.000.000.
During that time the President
has been away, but as soon as he
returns to the White House he is
expected to tackle this problem.
State Department officials are
•canning financial reports from
Western Europe, which, they aay,
show that the French tentatively
estimate their dollar requirements
at about *700,000,000. Italy's needs
make up the balance of the total
*ix-month estimate.
Authorities said no decision has
been reached yet concerning Brit
ain. That country still has about
*2,400,000,000 in gold and other re
serves to fall back on, while France
and Italy already have dipped deep
into their reserves.
Speaker Martin said yesterday he
had information from a reliable
private source that crops in Europe
are sufficient to prevent hunger this
year, although further aid may be
needed in January. He said he had
no data on the fuel situation.
Dollars Would Be Used Here.
The overwhelming portion of
whatever financial aid the French
and Italians hope to get from the
United States would go to buy Amer
ican coal, grain and raw materials
for their industries. France has
been buying about 1,000,000 tons of
American coal monthly and Italy
750,000 tons.
State Department officials say they
have discovered no short-cut which
could permit the United 8tate« to
make dollars available to Europe
without asking congressional ap
S. P. Fullinwider, Jr„ Dies;
Retired Naval Captain
Capt. Simon P. Fullinwider. jr„
31, U. S. N„ retired, died early today
at the Bethesda Naval Medical
Center. Capt. Fullinwider lived at
3017 Gates road N.W.
Bom in Kansas City, Mo., he was
graduated from the Naval Academy
in 1917. His first ship was the bat
tleship Utah, to which he was as
signed as an ensign. In 1917 he
was assigned to the destroyer Kane,
later -served aboard the battleship
Tennessee and commanded the de
stroyer Rathburn from 1934 to 1936.
From 1940 to 1941 he was executive
officer of the cruiser Nashville and
on December 28. 1941. he took com
mand of the transport George F.
Elliot in the Pacific.
Cfpt. Fullinwider. in 1942. was
sent to Annapolis as an instructor
and to the Bureau of Ordnance in
1944. He retired January 1, 1945.
He is survived by his w'idow, Ade
laide Newman Fullinwider; a son.
Simon P. Fullinwider III; a daugh
ter, Polly; and two brothers, Edwin
G. and Ransom Fullinwider, both
Navy captains.
Graveside services were to be held
at Arlington Cemetery' at 10 a.m.
Weather Report
District of Columbia and vicin
ity—Mostly sunny and warm with
highest temperature in middle 80s
this afternoon. Clear tonight with
lowest about 68. Saturday mostly
sunny and continued warm. Gentle
winds this afternoon and tonight.
Virginia—Partly cloudy tonight.
Saturday partly cloudy, warm and
humid with scattered showers in
southwest portion.
Maryland—Fair tonight. Satur
day partly cloudy and continued
Wind velocity, 7 m.p.h.; south
District Medical Society ragweed
pollen count for 24 hours ending
9:30 am., September 19, 41 grains
per cubic yard of air.
River Report.
fProm TJnltea States Rngineers.) '
Potomac River clear at Haroeri Ferrv
and at Great Palls: Shenandoah clear at
Harpers Perry.
Yesterday— Cent Today— OnT
Hoon - 65 Midnight ... 87
4 p m- 56 * a.m, _96
8 p.m- 66 1:30 P.m. _66
■l»h and Lew ter Last *4 Bean.
High. 81. at 5:04 p.m
Low. 66. at 6:47 am.
Reeerd Temperatures Thu Tear.
T ahest. 96. on August 14.
Lowest. 7. on February 6.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey. 1
_ , Today Tomorrow.
High-11:79 a m. 12:11 a m.
Low - 6:00 a.m. 6:46 a m
High-11:54 p.m. 17:37 p.m
Low - 6:11 p.m. 6:55 p m
The 8nn and Mean.
Rists. Seta.
Sun. today _ 6:53 7:in
Sun. tomorrow . 6:54 7:07
Moon, today_12:03p.m. 12:00p.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-halt hour after sunaet.
Monthly precipitation tn Inchae in th«
Capital (currant month to date):
Month. 1947 Average. Record
January _ 8:18 3.66 7.83 '87
i:?2 2:!* ’»
April _ 1.48 3.27 9.18 '89
May - 4.44 3.70 19.69 '89
June_ 8.88 4.13 10.94 00
JU& _ 8.47 4.71 10,63 '86
August . l.ll 4.01 14.41 ’38
September _ 3 28 3.24 1745 '34
October _ _ 3.84 f.fl ’87
November _ 2.87 8.86 89
December _ _ 3 32 7.66 ’01
Temperatnres In Vartans Cities.
High Low High .Low
Albnaueroue_66 59 Milwaukee .. 68 65
EAtlanta_ 75 91 New Orleans. 69
Atlantic City. 77 64 New York_ 79 65
Bismarck_ 54 60 Norfolk_ 80 73
Boston_ 79 63 Okla City_ 82 67
BuHale_ 82 64 Omaha_ 95 70
Chicago_ 90 66 Phoenix_ 98 74
_68 64 Pittsburgh .. 65 62
_ 66 63 Portland. Ore. 6? 42
_ 82 07 St Louis - 90 66
_94 «7 3al* Lake City 54
_ 93 79 San Antonio 96 70
_ 78 58 San Pranciaco 63 48
is. 87 62 Seattle_ 66 42
;y_ 95 72 Tampa_ 80 78
_ 89 66
Hurricane-Hunter's Plane Flies
Into 150-Mile Wind for Data
Robert, Simpson, ace hurricane hunter for the Weather
. Bureau, points out the path of the Florida storm on a map.
—Star Staff Photo.
War-developed radar and radio
navigational device* enabled an
! Army B-39 with a Weather Bureau
i hurricane hunter aboard to fly in
and out of the atorm off the Florida
Robert Simpson. 85-year-old vet
eran of aevere storms, returned to
Washington yesterday and told the
press of two days spent in the plane
in search of Invaluable meteorolog
ical data.
Mr. Simpson twice entered the
Florida hurricane with the Air
Weather Service's B-29 crew to
record the behavior and pattern of
the disturbance. The second flight,
out of Bermuda Tuesday, nearly
ended in tragedy, he said, when
two of the Superfort's four engines
went out of commission.
"We glided Into Tampa." he said
Formed In Cap* Verde Island*.
The current, hurricane, he said,
formed In the Cap* Verde Islands
where the northeast trade winds
meet the southwest monsoon from
the tropics. As it moved toward the
Western Hemisphere, gathering
force, Mr. Simpson said, its progress
was charted. When it reached the
vicinity of Great Abaco Island, in
the Bahamas, Sunday—now a ma
ture hurricane—Mr. Simpson and
the Army flyers made their first
plunge Into its heart to find out
what makes a hurricane tick.
When the plane first spiraled
into the hurricane, they tried to fly
over the top for a record of tem
perature distribution*.
"We went to 30,000 feet,” he said,
"and were not even near the base
of the top level of ice-crystal clouds.
Plane Near Stalling Speed.
"Then we climbed to 36.000 feet
and were still in the soupy clouds.
The pilot said it would have been
extremely dangerous to go any
higher, because we were practically
at a stalling speed then in the rain
and wind."
Mr. Simpson said the crew used
radar and loran and were able to
chart a safe course through the
heart, of the hurricane merely by
watching the cumulonimbus cloud
tower* on the radarscope and avoid
ing them. These turbulent clouds
occur in uniform bands throughout
the body of the hurricane, with
interspersing band* of camparatively
quiet, atmosphere between. These
cloud tower*, separated by about
30 miles of quiet air, rise as high
as 50.000 feet, Mr. Simpson said.
The crew spotted the center or
“eye” of the storm in the radar by
the absence of clouds. Loran was
used to pinpoint their position. So
skillful was the crew at navigation
with both radio-electric devices that
little Jostling was experienced
throughout the flight.
Do the “Impossible.”
Tuesday, Simpeon and the Army
airmen spiraled into the storm
again, but this time at 500 feet. In
winds as high as 150 miles per hour,
he said, they flew to within 100 miles
of the hurricane’s eye. He said they
swung into the hurricane's north
west quadrant, where it was most
severe, at 7,500 feet, a feat heretofore
considered impossible.
The flights confirmed earlier con
jecture that hurricanes are envel
' 'pvu ill nntiii wiiguuo a/* claw nmvii
elongate In the direction of the
storm's movement. This particular
hurricane, he declared, has a diame
ter of 700 to 800 miles, with winds
blowing at top force over an area
of 300 miles. The eye, he said, is
about 25 miles wide.
Mr. Simpson said he is confident
that, with the new information
scientists are receiving from air
borne hurricane hunters, it will be
possible soon to chart the course of
a hurricane as far as 48 hours in
Now stationed in Washington as a
special assistant to the assistant
chief of the Weather Bureau. Mr.
Simpson has served the bureau at
Swan Island, one of the world's lead
ing birthplace* of hurricane's; Pan
ama, Miami, New Orleans, Browns
ville, Tex., and Washington.
He was Miami's special hurricane
forecaster in 1944 and 1946. A native
of Corpus Christi. Tex., he studied
at, Southwestern University, Emory
University and the University of
Army and Air Force Announce
Agreements to Divide Forces
A series of formal "divorce" agree
ments between the Army and the
newly independent Air Forces are
the basis of division of personnel
and functions.
The agreements, released yester
day simultaneously with Kenneth C.
Royall's first news conference as
Secretary of the Army, were de
scribed by Mr. Royall as tentative
and subject to change
The agreements, he said. have,
been sent to Secretary of Defense
Forrestal for final approval.
Mr. Royall emphasized that the
agreements are intended primarily
as an interim measure to get this
phase of the unification program
going during an organizational
period which may cover two years.
The meeting with newsmen was
attended by Secretary of Air Force
W, Stuart Symington, who was
sworn into office a few hours earlier
at a ceremony which also inducted
the new Secretary of the Navy, John
L. Sullivan.
In general, the allocation of per
sonnel follows a troop strength plan
made even before enactment of the
unification law, granting autonomy
to the air force. That plan provides
for a force of about 400,000 men and
officers for the air forc^ and an Army
of 670,000. The agreement on allo
cation of officers provides 30.000 Reg
ular Army officers for the Army and
20.000 for the air force.
A study of the text of the agree
ments indicated a deflnited decision
has been made to establish a sep
arate academy for training air force
officers, but that the time of doing
so has not been decided upon. Until
that is done, the air force will re
ceive a proportion of each gradu
ating class from West Point.
28 Babies Born
As Storks Flock
Over Gallinger
The storks came down over Gal
linger Hospital’s maternity ward in
flocks yesterday.
When the "swarm” was over and
the hospital stall caught its breath
there were 23 additions to the Dis
trict population, 26 of them colored.
In the 12-hour period beginning
at 1:20 am., the peak of the baby
parade was reached, with 22 infants
arriving. The average for a full
day at the municipal hospital is 10
or 12. doctors say.
The Gallinger stall didn't have
to call on outside aid to keep up
the rapid succession of deliveries,
but Health Department ambulances'
were busy all day taking mothers
with older infants back to their
Except for a few infants whose,
progress was not quite normal, those
over 3 days old were cleared from
the nursery to make way for the
latest arrivals. i
Smallest of the lot was a 4S -
pound girl. A 13-pound bos’, still
born. was the largest child, and the
only fatality.
Congress Groeip Lands
At Oslo on Europe Tour
ly the Associated Fro** I
STOCKHOLM, Sweden, Sept. 19.
—A nine-member group of a spe
cial Congress committee touring
Europe to investigate the United
States foreign information program
arrived here by air from Oslo last
night to contact Swedish cabinet
members and key figures in industry7
and finance.
The group, which Is headed by
Senator Barkley, Democrat, of Ken
tucky, is also studying European
needs under the Marshall {dan.
Six Apartment Tenants Sue
Charging Services Failure
Six tenants of the Pall Mall
Apartments, 1112 Sixteenth street
N.W., yesterday brought suit charg
ing that Prank Du Bose Phillips,
described as the owner, has failed
to provide services promised when
he was allowed in 1945 to rent the
apartments as furnished linstead of
The new rentals range from $89
to $95, according to the suit. The
suit says that under arrangement
Mr. Phillips, whose address was
given as 3500 Rittenhouse street
N.W., was to provide furnishings for
each apartment totaling $1,060. In
stead, according to the suit, only
$350 was spent for each apartment.
The complaint also charges the
defendants has failed to provide
minimum service, including table
linens, bath towels, soap, bed cover
ing. silverware and cooking utensils.
Damages are asked as follows:
H. Mills Astin. $380: Rex E. Carl
son, $715; Richard D. Melcher, $660;
Alexander Paul. $1,045: W. Omar
Stone, $440, and Carl Stotz, $330.
The sums total $4,070.
The plaintiffs are represented by
Attorneys Nathan H. David and H.
S. French.
Remaining Defense
Posts Are Expected
To Be Filled Soon
By John A. Giles
President, Truman is expected to
begin Ailing the gaps in the Nation's
new uniAed defense setup shortly
after his return from Brazil with a
series of top civilian and military
One of the most vital posts yet to
be Ailed is the chairmanship of the
Research and Development Board.
It is the last major unit of the
national military establishment
without a director. The name most
frequently mentioned in speculation
over the forthcoming appointment
is that of Dr. Vannevar Bush, head
of the Carnegie Institution and
chairman of the Army-Navy Joint
Research and Development Board,
which will be superseded by the new
Another important position still
open is that of chief of staff of the
now independent Air Force. It is
believed certain that Gen. Carl
Spaatz, commanding general of the
superseded Army Air Forces, will be
elevated to that position.
Also in tne new Department of
the Air Force are two important
civilian vacancies—the undersecre
tary and the two assistant secre
The Department of the Army has
two assistant secretaryships vacant
and the Department of the Navy
has an opening for one asistant sec
The President also will be called
on to name a new chief of staff of
the Army when Gen. Eisenhower re
tires to become president of Colum
bit University. Gen. Omar N. Brad
ley, now head of the Veterans' Ad
ministration, is most frequently
mentioned as his successor and it is
believed that he is Gen. Eisenhow'
er’s personal choice. Others who
have been mentioned are Gen. Mark
W. Clark and Lt. Gen. J. Lawton
Collins, deputy chief of staff.
Also soon to be filled is the posi
tion of chief of naval operations
now held by Admiral Chester W.
Three admirals have been men
tioned for the appointment. They
are Louis E. Denfeld, Dewitt C.
Ramsey and William H. P. Blandy.
Gandhi to Go to Punjab
To Assist Minorities
ly Associated Press
NEW DELHI. Sept. 19—Mohandas
K. Gandhi—declaring he would not
rest until every Moslem, Sikh and
Hindu in India and Pakistan was
rehabilitated in his own home—said
today he was going to the Punjab to
make the Moslems undo the WTong
they were said to have done there.
But, the leader of the Congress
Party said at his daily prayer meet
ing, he could not hope for success in
his mission unless he obtained jus
tice for the Moslem minority in
One condition to success, he said,
was that the Hindus in the Indian
Union should keep their hands clean
and leave it to their government to
secure justice.
Mr. Gandhi appealed to the mili
tary and police at a prayer meeting
in New Delhi, saying: “If the cus
todians of law and order are to be
come participants in crime, how can
law and order be maintained.''
Gold Strike Brings Rush
Into Prince Rupert, B. C.
ly tb« Associated Sr«>»
PRINCE RUPERT, British Colum
bia. Sept. 19.—'This port and mining
town was seething today with the
greatest gold fever in this part of
Canada since the days of '98.
Men with transits and compasses
were up with the Northern dawn
staking claims for registration,
many of them well within the limits
of this city of 9,000.
Word of the strike swept through
the town after workmen on a new
road chipped off a piece of rock be
lieved to have a rich gold content.
Fall of infant Reveals
Safety Pin in Throat
ly th* A:teciat*d Pr*»»
WILKES-BARRE. Pa.. Sept, 19.—
Fifteen-month-old Donald County
is eating with gusto again after phy
sicians removed from his throat an
open safety pin that went unde
tected until the child fell from his
Donald's parents, Mr. and Mrs.
Walter County, said Donald refused
to eat much for several days, but
they did not realize what was
wrong until they had summoned Dr.
Joseph Klein to examine the child
after his fall.
The physician ordered Donald
rushed to Temple University Hos
pital in Philadelphia, where the pin
was removed yesterday. Mr. and
Mrs. County said Donald's appetite
improved almost immediately.
South Africa May Put
Entire Output of Gold
At Britain's Disposal
ly the Associated Press
LONDON, Sept. 19.—Authorita
tive Whitehall sources reported yes
terday South Africa may place the
whole of her annual gold output at
Britain's disposal to help beat the
empire's "no dollars" problem.
This move would replace the pres
ent arrangement whereby the union
government is entitled to pay for
all her United States Imports by
selling her gold on the New York
The proposal—which has been
backed officially by the Chamber of
Commerce in South Africa—is one
of the most important of a long
series of dollar-eaming projects
which are to be debated by British
Commonwealth bankers, economists
and government officials here next
Dalton to Open Talks.
Hugh Dalton, chancellor of the
exchequer, will open the round
table talks which, a treasury spokes
man said, are designed to create, a
I united Empire front by co-ordirfa
tion of the colonies’ and dominions'
dollar earning and spending pro
Apart from dominion and colonial
representatives the government of
Eire will send officials to the talks.
Sean Lemass, commerce and in
dustry minister, emphasized in a
recent statement the Eire govern
1 ment was ready to co-operate in
defense of sterling. His country
holds about £600,000,000 i $2,400,000,
000) worth of sterling balances here
accumulated during the war.
Premier Devalera and other min
isters are due in London today—Mr.
Devalera for the first time since
1938—for preliminary talks.
South Africa's annual output of
gold exceeds 12,000.000 fine ounces—
equivalent to $420,000,000.
Agreement Recalled.
The union government by agree
ment with Britain presently sells
the bulk of her gold output for
1946-7 to the Bank of England and
in New York. Last year she sold
£56,000,000 ($224,000,000) worth of
gold direct to the United States,
approximately half of which was in
respect to lend-lease commitments.
Her dollar Imports last year totaled
Other projeects the Commonwealth
conference is expected to consider
1. Co-ordination of dollar spend
ing and dollar earning programs, j
2. Co-ordination of export and
import programs.
3. Restriction of commonwealth
competition in the United States
market over the same commodities.
4. Restriction of dollar-eaming
Imports from Britain.
i Increase of food production and
trading within the Commonwealth.
Called Out on Strike
ly AstoeiemW Prett
LA PAZ, Bolivia, Sept. 19.—The
Miners' Union called its 3,000 or so
members out on strike last midnight
after the government yesterday de- j
creed a state of siege to thwart
"agitators and subversives.*
Florentine Quiroz, secretary of the
Workers’ Co-ordination Committee,
said the committee had agreed to a
general strike but the strike would
not begin immediately. The Con
federation of Railroad Workers met
to study the situation.
In a radio speech last, night,
President Enrique Hertzog said citi
zens had demanded the state of
seige to prevent imminent revolu
tion. He said he had exhausted all
efforts to settle “agitation.” The
president recalled that at the last
miners’ congress a proposal was
approved having to do with "dicta
torship of the proletariat” and “con
fiscation of the mines and private
In announcing the decree, minister
of the Interior Alfredo Mollinedo
said it was based on evidence of
plans for a civil war. He reported
30 persons under arrest. The Minis
ter said press and communications
censorship were not contemplated.
Public disturbances caused ad
journment of a session of Congress
at which the situation was being
discussed last night.
Live Wire Kills 2 Marines
</P>.—’Two Camp Le Jeune Marines
were electrocuted yesterday and two
others seriously injured when the
crane they were using to unload re
frigerators came in contact with a
high tension wire. Killed were Pfc.
J. L. McDermott and T/Sergt. J. H.
Henley. Injured were Pfc. Freemont
E. Dickerman, Jr., and Pfc. Walter
B. Davis
Elderly Man and Child, 8, Calm
Passengers Caught in Storm
By Hal Boyle
Ajsoc'atad Sr*** Staff Wrltar
19—Fear was an unseen passenger
as the streamlined coach train trun
dled heavily through the darkness
toward a hurricane-strained bridge.
For six hours on its path from
Jacksonville to Miami yesterday the
train had been held up at Fort
Pierce—well within the deadly
whirlpool of wind and salt spray
sweeping across Southern Florida.
The passengers grew steadily more
uneasy as the hours passed and the
storm mounted, whining one mo
ment around the parked train and
then beating the streaming windows
with spikes of tom green palmetto.
"Let's go on," some passengers
complained. But others looked out
at the wind-tortured pine and palm
trees and were silent.
Rumors Spread on Train.
A trainman passed through drip
ping wet.
wnats noiamg us up? someone
“Checking a bridge up ahead," he
said briefly. “Have to wait until we
can get a wrecker up to test it.’’
Rumor spread through the cars
that the hurricane had loosened
supports of the span across the St.
Lucie Canal, north of West Palm
The gale rocked the train side
ways like a ship in heavy waves.
Some passengers became seasick. A
woman diabetic sufferer fell ill and
was carried out through the rain
squalls to a hearse-ambulance.
After night fell the weakened
train batteries wore down and the
lights fluttered out spasmodically
until the tram was in darkness.
Then fear, the dubious gift of night,
came aboard.
Around 8 p.m. the train began
moving almost Imperceptibly, and
by then every passenger aboard
knew about the bridge ahead.
Passenger* Favor Waiting.
*T think we should stay here until
morning,’’ said a timorous woman
Other people felt the same wav. The
Sales System Revised
By WAA to Speed Up
War Plant Disposal
The War Assets Administration
today announced creation of a re-1
vised sales system "to cut red tape''!
and speed up disposal of surplus war
plants and other real property.
War Assets Administrator Little
john said more than *4,780.000.000
worth of surplus property was dis
posed of by the end of August. The
remaining *3,560,735,000 worth, he
said, is expected to go "in this final
big push.”
Gen. Littlejohn said the plan de
mands more aggressive sales action!
and tnat salesmen will be ordered
"to get, on the street and ring door-j
bells, if necessary.”
A high light of the new program1
will give field offices power to make
sales directly, Instead of making
them through the central Washing
ton office. Property also will be
sold by direct negotiation, Gen.
Littlejohn said, rather than by for
mally advertising and accepting
bids on each sale.
In each of the six field zones sd-1
visory councils of bankers, realtors,
insurance men and appraisers have
lair in the slowly moving train grew
i hot and heavy. The tenseness
mounted and panic became a pos
! In one car a 73-year-old retired
Manhattan postal official and an
R-year-old Florida schoolgirl calmed
the rising fear.
Moving quietlv down the aisle.
Frank Gruner, who retired from the
postal service in 1945 after 43 years,
told excited women:
"Think right—and everything will
be all right. You have nothing to
worry about."
Other passengers became less
fparful as they watched the eager
ness with which small Myra Arlene
Vilardi. looking like a peppermint
stick in her red and white striped
frock, held up her doll to the win
dow to watch the bridge crossing.
tsuuiiiiK oiurm,
It was the first hurricane for both
girl and doll. Asked what she
thought of the storm. Myra thought
gravely for a moment, then replied
frankly: "Nothing.”
Before the passengers realized It,
the train had edged out on the
bridge and moved across it steadily.
Whitecaps gleamed on the surging
i canal waters outside and flung pale
froth against the churning iron
i wheels.
In a few moments the bridge had
been crossed and the peril—largely
imaginary—was passed. The pass
engers relaxed.
“Weren't you really worried?" A
pasenger asked Mr. Gruner.
"Well," he laughed. “I was a
gunner's mate on the flagship
Olympia at, Manila in 18P8 when
Dewey told Gridlev he could fire
when ready. I don't, think this
hurricane quite come up to that."
Little Myra frowned up at Miss
Ruby Wilson of Miami, a friend of
her mother who was her train
escort on the way to a Fort Lauder
dale school.
"Do you think” she asked. "I
should carry my doll piggy back
when I get off the train? or would
she get too wet?”
been set up to help establish policy.
The zone headquarters are located
in New York. Atlanta, Chicago.
Kansas City. San Francisco anc'«
Grand Prairie, Tex.
Hurricane's Destruction
Heavy in Grand Bahamas
Sy th« AnetiotwJ Sr#»i
NASSAU, Bahamas, Sept. 19.—
The hurricane destroyed or damaged
severely most of the houses and
all the docks on the west end of
Grand Bahamas, moat westerly of
the Bahama Islands, It. was learned
here today. Grand Bahamas Is 75
miles east of Palm Beach, Fla.
The Bahaman Islands of Abaco.
Harbor Island and Bimini also were
struck by the storm, but escaped
serious damage. There were no
casualties reported.
Food was dropped by parachute
yesterday from a United States
Army plane to stranded persons
on Grand Bahamas and other is
lands In the vicinity.
The motorship Canadian observer,'
which was due here. Sunday from
Canada, has been located and is
expected here today.
Military-style self-heating cans
sf soup and cocoa will be sold to
■musewives in Scotland. i
Florida- Has Whipped
Hurricane as Disaster,
Survey Indicates
By Roger Greene
Associated Pros* Staff Wris«e
MIAMI. Fla., Sept. 19.—A 250
mile trip through the hurricane belt
brings convincing proof that South
Florida has just about whipped the
hurricane as a cause of major
human disaster.
The big winds will always be dan
gerous and spectacular, but now the
drama seems to outweigh the dan
ger. Men have learned to tie down
their homes and pin down their
roofs so they don’t go sailing into
the next county.
Eeven the jackstraw built shacks
of poor farmers somehow with
stood the belting blasts that hit a
peak velocity of 120 miles per hour
with gusts ranging up to 150. The
tragic spectacle of mudcaked. twist
ed bodies stacked like cordwood in
temporary morgues played no part
in this storm as it did in the great,
disaster in 1928. Approximately
1.500 persons were drowned bv the
hurricane-lashed waters of Lake
Heartbreak and Bistres*.
But there will always be heart
break and distress when these great
winds roar out of the Carribean to
vent their fury on the mainland
Swinging west from the battered
Palm Beach "Gold Coast," I drove
across a vast inland sea of once
rich farmland, bumping over and
slithering around the tree choked
road to Lake Okeechobee. Cows
marooned by the high waters left,
in the w’ake of the hurricane
morosely plucked at sparse tufts of
grass on little islands of high
ground. An occasional farmer, iso
lated with his family several hun
dred yards away from the road,
waved with wry cheerfulness.
At Belle Glade, near the shores
of Lake Okeechobee, E. M. Lively,
of the Florida National Bank, toid
me the story of H. H. Lott, formerly
of Varna, 111., who came to South
Florida recently for a fling at for
tune in the rich black mucklands
around the lake.
"Lott put in 2.000 acres in rom
a few weeks ago and it was just
coming up nice and fat when the
hurricane hit," Mr. Lively recounted.
"Today it’s under at leat 18 inches
of water and ruined."
Mr. Lively estimated that many
if not most of the farmers in the
ncn Dean ana celery growing area
around Belle Glade would be "pretty
well wiped out” by the hurricane.
They lost their bean crops three
times last year, he said. They were
frozen out twice and rained out
once. They were just getting readv
to recoup with a big crop In the
December market. The hurricane
killed that and now they will have
to wait till next spring to plant the
next crop.
Perhaps the most convincing evi
dence of how the storm danger has
been conquered was at Lake Okee
chobee itself. The Government, at
a cost of many millions of dollars,
has hemmed in the 730-square mile
lake with dikes broad enough for an
automobile to tUrn around on top
of them. When I arrived the w'ater
was 20 feet from the dike tops.
And, said Col, Willie E Teals.
United States district engineer:
"There is no danger whatever of
their breaking—nor ever."
•• A civilian engineer told me 4.35
inches of rain fell during the storm,
which saw a top velocity of 99 miles
an hour.
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