OCR Interpretation

Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 27, 1947, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1947-09-27/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

X /
'<>-5 • ' • •• . • _ . ' ti - ■ • '
, Weather Forecast!
Sunny, high near 62 this afternoon. Clear a G U I d © 'OT R©ad©JS
tonight, low near 42 in city; near 35 with 1 Page. Page..
light frost In suburbs. Tomorrow sunny and " Amusements ...A-10 Obituary -A-6
warmer. (f*ull report on page A-2.) Church News..A-7-9 Radio -,-..B-29
Midnight .48 6 am. ...41 11a.m. ...52 ;.B-19-20 Real Estate..-B-1-U
2a.m. —48 8a.m. ...43 Noon.55 Society, Clubs...B-12
4 a.m. ...46 10 am. ...50 1p.m. ...56 Editorial Articles, A-5 Sports._A»11 |
___ Lost and Found..A-3 WheTe to Go-.B-ll
• *' ■ ■ ■■■■■■■■ n ■■■ ' -I
■ —.An Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,765 Phone NA. 5000,_WASHINGTON, D. C„ SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1947—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. ★★ £1oH.Ton^,Te^,?*6ukidd.,fun3o 5 CENTS
Greece May Ask
More U.S. Aid
Increase in Forces to
Combat Guerrillas Is
Declared Purpose
By the Associated Press
ATHENS, Sept. 27.—Informed
sources said Premier Themis
tokles Sophoulis would ask the
United States aid mission today
for an additional $100,000,000 to
finance an increase in forces to
combat guerrillas.
The amount would be added to the
S300.000.000 already granted for
Greek military aid and civilian re
lief purposes.
The informants said Mr. Sophoulis
was expected to make his request
at a conference with Dwight P.
Griswold, chief of the American aid
Representative Taber, Republican,
of New York, chairman of the House
Appropriations Committee, here to
study the aid program, said he had
not heard there would be an official
request for an increase. He said the
Greeks already had plenty of troops
to combat the guerrilas, but added
the army “must get a move on.”
Prepared Statement Issued.
‘‘In the United States,” he told a
news conference, “one cop can catch
two bandits, where here they can't
catch one bandit with six cops. If
we are going to continue aid, they
need to show signs of life.”
Mr. Taber issued a prepared state
ment saying:
“I favor every effort on the part
oi me united states that is being
made to head off the drive of the
Russian Communists to control
“Greece, to assure further co-op
eration on the part of the United
States, must convince us Greece is
doing her utmost to help herself.
Her Army must get busy and clean
up the bandits who are infesting
Greece and do it quickly. I believe
they’ve plenty of troops to do it.
“Greece in' "’-n -<-iw tv>r
United States has made great sac
rifices to help Greece and other
European countries, and the least,
Greece can do is hold up her end,
do her job and balance her budget
quickly. Those in the United States
who supported Greek aid are ex
FtcUns that.’’
Supplies Declared Delayed.
Mr. Taber said that in Turkey, co
fceacficiary in the overall $400,000,000
aid program, wharves and ware
houses are filled with supplies which
are not being distributed quickly
enough. A similar situation had
been encountered in Greece.
“lighters in Turkey loaded with
merchandise have been waiting for
days and days to get through cus
toms,” he said.
Commenting on the Marshall Plan,
Mr. Taber Said he hoped there would
be guarantees that the United States
would not be out on a limb.
“I would hate to see us develop
production facilities in Western
Europe where they could come in
and take a lot of our market, and
then have Russia wade Into our
markets with agricultural production
or anything she or her satellites
might be able to produce, and make
it embarrassing for us,” the Repre
sentative said.
Mr. Taber is accompanied by
Representative Wigglesworth, Re
publican, of Massachusetts and
Representative Cannon, Democrat,
of Missouri. They planned to leave
late today for visits to Trieste, Vien
na, Berlin, the Ruhr Valley, Frank
“furt, Paris and London before sail
mg irom oouinnampion, uctoDer 10.
Ship With 450 Jews
Captured by British
By tht AsiocioKd Presi
JERUSALEM. Sept. 27.—One Jew
was killed and nine others were in
jured today when British sailors
boarded a refugee ship trying to
crack the Palestine coastal blockade
with approximately 450 persons
The slain Jew was shot by a Brit
ish sailor who "had been surrounded
by a tarty of Jews brandishing
crowbars,” a government spokesman
said. Two other Jews were wounded
by gunfire and a British sailor suf
fered a broken finger.
The ship, named Despite, was
intercepted about dawn off the
coast. She was the first to try to
run the coastal Blockade since the
interception in July of the Exodus
1947, whose 4,300 visaless passengers
were ultimately returned to Ger
many. Plans were being made in I
Kaiia for shipping the Jews aboard
the Despite to detention camps on
Germans Smile
Defies Demolition
Sy the Associated Press
BERLIN. Sept. 27.—Many Ger
mans smiled today as the Nazi-built j
air-raid shelter in the Tiergarten
defied British efforts to flatten it'
with explosives.
Last month the British Army tried:
to destroy the massive steel and:
concrete shelter and flak tower with i
50,000 pounds ot TNT. The tower
stood firm, though shattered inside.:
Then demolition squads undertook I
to knock it down by sections. After 1
preliminary blasting they placed a
charge today that was intended,!
according to public announcement.!
to "bring down one corner of the;
tower.” A hole approximately 15:
by 6 feet was blown In the northwest j
wall. German police standing
guard around the explosion scene
were kseen smiling.
Leaders of the demolition squads
said they had used 8,000 pounds of
a new type plastic explosive. They
announced the demolition efforts <
Would continue. 1
* *
Truman and G. O. P. Are Urged
To Agree on Stopgap Europe Aid
Senators Russell and McClellan Suggest
Bipartisan Decision to Avoid Extra Session
I ....
By tWe Associated Press
Two Democratic Senators sug
gested today that President
Truman try for a “gentlemen’s
agreement” with congressional
leaders to use existing Federal
funds for stop-gap aid to Europe
during the next three months.
Senators Russell of Georgia and
McClellan of Arkansas told a re
porter in separate interviews this
would be one way to avoid a special
session of Congress to deal with
emergency assistance abroad.
The possibility of a special session
call is expected to be one of the
things discussed when the President
meets leading legislators of both
I parties in a White House conference
! Monday.
Senator McClellan said the stop
gap money might come from the
Export-Import Bank, the Recon
struction Finance Corp. or the Com
modity Credit Corp.
The "gentlemen’s agreement” would
be needed because none of these
agencies was set up by Congress for
the purpose of giving relief to hun
gry foreign nations. -
But the Export-Import Bank, for
example, has $800,000,000 of Uncom
mitted funds on hand and there have
been suggestions in several quarters
that this could be used to tide over
such emergency cases as Italy and
! France.
In this connection, some signifi
cance was seen in the fact that a
last-minute invitation to the Mon
day conference was sent to Chair
man Wolcott of the House Banking
Committee, which handled leg
islation last .session extendmg the
life of the Export-Import B. .>k;
Sentiment in Congress gei erally
(See FOREIGN AID, Page A-5.)
Exports Are Blamed
By Grain Official
For High Prices
Exchanges Avoid Action
On Government Plea
To Increase Margins
By the Associated Press
A Government move to curb
Siain speculation collided today
: with an assertion by the Na
tion's big exchanges that Fed
i eral buying for export is to
| blame for skyrocketing prices.
“The answer to lower grain prices
is to stop exporting grain,” declared
jj. O. McClintock, president of the
i Chicago Board of Trade.
Mr. McClintock said the exchanges
“are not offering that as a solution”
and are only interested in bringing
out “the true facts.”
Speaking for the Chicago, Min-\
neapolis and Kansas City markets,
he proposed a congressional inves
1 Miration rW taring it would prove
that “speculation on the futures;
markets has not been the cause of j
advancing grain prices.”
Mr. McClintock's blast was issued
last night after a conference with
Agriculture Department officials
who asked the exchanges to double
; margin requirements on futures
’buying.* Such an increase would
raise margins—cash on the line—to
33 ',3 per cent of the value of the
grain. On wheat the piargin would
go from 45 to 90 cents a bushel.
Den let Refecting Request.
The Chicagoan said the exchanges
did not reject the request but “there
was no conclusion reached” either
on the original proposal or his coun
teroffer of a “variable scale of mar
gin requirements.” He gave no de
tails of the scale he mentioned
Secretary of Agriculture Anderson
agreed that Government buying for
foreign shortage areas has affected
“We have tilted and dropped the
market by our operations,"’ he said,!
"but it was a question of getting
grain for hungry people abroad.”
“We would be happy to have Con
gress investigate us,’’ he added.
In its buying, the Agriculture De
partment acts as agent for the short
age nations, which supply the money, j
Mr. McClintock's statement said
“the administration w'as pointing in!
the wrong places for the real causes
of high grain prices when it ac
cused the exchanges.
Plans Based on Estimates.
“With an export program based
on early year crop estimates in the
face of a drastically reduced corn
crop which had been evident since
the iate wet spring delayed planting,
it was inevitable that the price of
grain would reflect these condi
Furthermore, Mr. McClintock said,
the exchanges contend that margin
requirements are simply “guarantees
(See GRAIN PRICES, Page A-5.)
Tito Charges U. S. Leads
Drive to Revive Fascism
By the Associated Press
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Sept. 27.
—Premier Marshal Tito charged to
day that "international reaction
headed by American magnates is
trying to bnng back fascism and
turn it into an aggressive force.”
He spoke at the second session of j
the Congress of the Peoples’ Front,
attended by 1.500 delegates. The
Congress opgned yesterday.
Tito said fascism was gaining j
ground in the United States, which
he called “that so-called Western j
democracy.” He added that fas- i
cism would be halted in America
"by popular forces and progressive
The Premier told the congress the
United States had only two political
parties and these were identical.1
Through these, he said, “big cap
italists enforce their will.”
Reds Likely to Carry
Anti-American Fight
To U. N. Showdown
Soviet Believed Trying
To Stave Off Defeat
On Greece and Veto
ly th« Associated Press
Fighting from a toug> r
position, Russia sh«-»i «•
evidence today of f m .■
“warmonger” attack
j United States to a coMp’rte
; showdown in the United Nat ns
while staving off as long as pos
sible apparent defeat on such
American - backed issues as
Greece and the veto.
Andrei Y. Vishinsky, Russia’s
Deputy Foreign Minister, repeated
and expanded at a news conference
yesterday the “warmonger” charges
he made before the Assembly Sep
tember 18.
Moreover, there were indications
that a firm Soviet position on
Palestine may now be emerging* It
would be critical of British policies
but not necessarily in disagreement
with the final decisions of the United
States on this Issue, which is being
handled by Secretary of State Mar
drew to a close one thing had be
come clear: Two weeks of debate
and scores of speeches had produced
no grounds for compromise on any
of the major issues. The split be
tween East and West was wider
than ever. Among some delegates
thATP woe rnncirlftrahlA nnoartn intr
as to whether the United Nations
could be made to work effectively
on the principle of universality—
! inclusion of all “peace-loving na
Asks “Chains” for Warmongers. ’
Mr. Vishinsky made clear at his
news conference yesterday that
Russia intends to press its “war
monger'1 case to the limit. By what
he srid and did not say, Mr. Vishin
sky brought his accusations closer
to President Truman and Gen.
Marshall, both of whom have re
cently been under attack in the
Soviet press.
In a 3,000-word statement, Mr.
Vishinsky asserted that John Foster
Dulles, a close adviser of Gen. Mar
shall, "greatly influences” the for
eign policy of the United States and
that the policies of Mr. Dulles
would lead to war with Russia. All
“instigators” of war, Mr. Vishinsky
argued, ought to be “enchained.”
He added to his earlier list of nine
alleged “warmongers” the names of
William C. Bullitt, former Ambas
sador to Moscow, Columnist-com
mentator Walter Winchell and
Publisher Frank E. Gannett.
President Truman's name was
brought into the discussion by a
reporter who wanted to know what
Mr. Vishinsky thought of Moscow
press criticisms comparing the
American Chief Executive with
Vishinsky Raises Palestine Issue.
Mr. Vishinsky said he could not
say because his own comments on
tolerance and such in the press nad
been general and he did not know
what specifically the Moscow press
had said. Sidestepping an oppor
tunity to disavow the Moscow attack,
Mr. Vishinsky added: “Anyway, any
one who incites a new war can be
compared to Hitler.” Asked wnetherj
that included President Truman in
nis opinion, he replied that he had
not said so.
The Palestine situation was raised:
by Mr. Vishinsky in connection with J
Britain's earlier announcement to
the U. N. Palestine Committee that
the British were ready to give up
their mandate lor the Holy Land
'See U. N., 1-age A-2.) j
Seat Pleasant Boy, 12, Riding
Borrowed Bike, Killed by Car

Dies Block From Home
At Linden School; Bond
Is Posted for Driver
Charles Edward Coates, 12,
was killed last night when
struck by an automobile while
riding on a borrowed bicycle a
block from his home in Seat
Charles had just temporarily j
swapped his skates for the bike and;
w as riding to the Linden Hill School
grounds on Central avenue to teach J
the owner of the bike how to skate.;
He w'as struck in front of the school, j
Prince Georges County police at;
Upper Marlboro said the car was:
driven by Joseph Rudolph Tutz. jr„ j
19, of 5605 O street, Hillside. They
(See BICYCLE, Page A-5.1 J
' f
Taft Proposes
Welfare Plans
To Cosf Billion
States Would Handle
Housing, Education
And Medical Care
By Gould Lincoln
Star Staff Correspondent
PORTLAND, Oreg., Sept. 27.—A
$1,000,000,000 Federal program to
be administered by the States
for “public welfare,” including
housing, medical care and edu
cation, was proposed last night
by Senator Taft of Ohio, un
announced candidate for the Re
publican ' presidential nomina
tion next year.
The program was outlined In an
address before the Republican Club
of Oregon, at Gearhart.
Senator. Taft proposed that legis
lation to carry out such a program
be enacted at the coming session of
“My belief,” said Senator Taft,
who is chairman of the Senate
Welfare and Labor Committee, “is
that we should try to eliminate
hardship and poverty by providing
a floor under essential needs. That
is the only way in which we can
insure some equality of opportunity
for all children born in the United
“As I see it, this is no departure in
the principles of Americanism. We
nave always recognized the obliga
tion to give free medical service to
thnse unable to pay for it. We
have, of course, given free education.
• We have provided relief for the
; unemployed.”
The Ohio Senator said emphatic
ally, however, that he saw no con
; stitutional justification for the Fed
eral Government administering or
regulating health, housing, relief or
education. But, he contended, it
has clearly the power to spend tax
receipts for any general welfare
purposes and, by financial aid to
'Waste Less1 Drive
Less Effective Than
'Eat Less/ Taft Hints
By a Star Staff Corraipendant
GEARHART, Oreg., Sept. 27.
—Senator Taft thinks President
Truman’s “waste less” program
to conserve food has its merits—
but, when asked yesterday if he
thought the. waste less idea was
better than “eat lees,” he re
“The waste less program will
not save 70,000,000 bushels of
He ariripd that, a tremenriiinm
amount of food stuffs was need
ed to aid the l^ingry in other
States, to assist them in general
welfare functions.
He laid down three principles
which should prevail in any Federal
j welfare program:
1. Federal assistance must not
bring Federal control. The respon
sibility for administration must rest
in State and local governments.
2. It must be recognized that the
role of the Federal Government1 is
secondary and supplementary. The
Federal Treasury is not bottomless.
3. The Federal Government should
not concern itself, except for per
sons unable to pay fully for the
services themselves.
GOP Program Practical.
Senator Taft asserted that “the
New Dealers have talked of social
security but they have not created
it.” He contended that the Repub
lican program will bring practical,
effective assistance to those who
really need it.
Old-age assistance and insurance
; under present laws, he said, is in
(See LINCOLNTPage A-5.r
Smoke Pillar Rises 2 Miles
As Java Volcano Erupts
(y the Associated Press
BATAVIA, Java, Sept. 27.—Mount
Gedeh, 'West Java’s mightiest vol
cano, erupted with a roar today.
A Dutch official said molten lava
was pouring down the cragg sides of
the 6,700-foot mountain, and eye
witnesses in Buitenzorg said the
blast sent a pillar of smoke twoi
mues into me air. Asnes rainea
down on the surrounding country- j
side. ’
Gedeh, which had been dormantj
I since 1909, is situated in a thickly I
populated truck farming region!
about 45 miles southwest of Batavia.1
[near Buitenzorg. A Dutch spokes-,
man said there was no immediate!
! danger to the populace, since the'
^eruption had been expected and
! citizens warned to leave the vicinity
several days ago.
Gedeh, sometimes known as Goe
noeng Gedeh, was dhe scene of a
disastrous eruption in 1886. It is
the active half of the twin volcano
Gedeh Panggeranggo.
What theRussians
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow radio broadcasting in
Greek to Europe this week said:
"The policy of the United
States towards Greece is plain.
It aims at destroying Greek de
mocracy and imposing a regime
of violence and oppression on the
Greek people.
"The placing of the Greek
question before the General As
sembly of the United Nations
shows once again that the gov
ernment of the United States j
is applying to the full its ex
pansionist policy in Greece, and
it has no intention whatever of
changing that policy; it shows j
further that the ridiculous accu- !
sations against the neighbors of
Greece are necessary to justify
this policy and excuse for further,
interference in the internal af
fairs of Greece.”
Officer's Death Spurs
Police Associations to
Tighten Rules on Dues
Audit Reveals Fisher -
Was Behind in Turning
Over Cash to Groups
Police association officials to
day called for stricter dues col
j lection rules because of possible
‘shortages indicated by audits of
accounts handled by Pvt. Oscar
L. Fisher of No. 4 precinct. Pvt.
Fisher, veteran desk clerk, killed
himself September 18.
Examination has disclosed Pvt.
Fisher was behind from one to four
months in turning over dues collec
tions to the Policemen’s Association,
the Police Retu-ement Association
and the Police Relief Association,
officers of those organizations said.
It has hot revealed the extent to
which this may have represented
money not collected by Pvt. Fisher,
checks he may not have cashed at
the time of his death, association
money and other papers in his desk
or at his home, police explained.
Department spokesmen said there
is no evidence, as of today, that
actual shortages exist in any cf Pvt.
Fisher’s accounts. But a long, pains
taking examination must be made
not only of all Pvt. Fisher's records
but of the cards of all No. 4 precinct
personnel who contribute to the va
rious^ associations, they said.
Comment Is Refused.
Inspector Walter Thomas, acting
superintendent of police in the ab
sence of Maj. Robert J. Barrett,!
refused to make "any official com
ment at this time" on the audits or
discuss changes in personnel at
No. 4.
At a press conference with In
spector Clarence Talley, supervising
inmonlnf A _
i Precinct Capt. Benjamin C. Kuehl
ling, Inspector Thomas repeated an
earlier settlement that the examina
tion of Pvt. Fisher’s accounts was
not "instigated” by police headquar
ters. It was a routine examination
such as is made ih every precinct
after the death of any precinct po
liceman who has handled financial
accounts, he said.
Preliminary Check Made.
A preliminary check by District
auditor's investigators disclosed the
District welfare funds, also handled
; by Pvt. Fisher, were short $145 at
one time. A department spokesman
said this was made up by the men
at the precinct. Capt. Kuehling de
clined to comment on this report
but said he probably would have a
statement on the general situation
later today.
The District Auditor’s check
showed no shortage in welfare funds
(See POLICE, Page A-5.)
Rich Chinese Mines
Captured by Reds
By tht Associated Press
1 PEIPING, Sept. 27.—Chinese
i Communists were reported today to
i have captured government mines
1 which tap one of the world's biggest
rnolbdenum deposits, 15 miles from j
Chinhsi in Southeast Manchuria.
Press dispatches said one Japan
ese technician was killed and an
unspecified number of Chinese j
workers taken prisoner when the:
Reds occupied the mines, operated |
I by the National Resources Com-1
! mission.
Hard fighting continued fori,
Chinhsi, 85 miles northeast of the
Great Wall on the vital Tientsin
Mukden railway. Pro-government
dispatches said warplanes were sup- |
porting Nationalist defenders of the
South of the Great Wall, Red j,
guerrillas made new raids on the ,
railway between Tientsin and j
Shanhaikwan, where the wall mets ,
the sea. I,
In Nanking, the newspaper Hsln
Min Pao reported Nationalists 1
scored a major victory in Western 11
Honan province by capturing Lon
ing, 55 miles southwest of Loyang. 1
The report said 1,000 Communists 1
were killed in the ferce land and 1
air attack on the city. 1
Another government column driv- 1
ing eastward along the Lunghai <
railway from Tungkwan, on the
Honan-Shensi border, was said to ]
have taken a town seven miles up 1
the line, stabilizing the situation i
within Communist-menaced Tungk- j 1
wan itself. ! <
Fiancee of Banker's Son Dies
After Overdose of Sleep Potion
Tablets Taken at Hisj
Home After Wedding
Date Was Postponed
Miss Margaret Elliott, 37, fian
cee of Robert Sanders, 39, son
of an Investment banker and
grandson of the late Emile Ber
liner, noted inventor, died early
today in Georgetown Hospital,
where she had been receiving
treatment for an overdose of
sleeping tablets.
Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald
said an autopsy would be performed
Miss Elliott was admitted to the
hospital early yesterday after being
found unconscious, police said, in
the home of Mr. Sanders’ father,
Joseph Sanders, 2612 Tilden street
Police said Robert Sanders, who
also lives there, told them she had
b£en a guest of the family since last
According to Detective Sergt.
John O. Curtis, that was the day the
two were to have been married.
Marriage license records show an
application for their license was
made September 17.
Prior to that day, Miss Elliott had
been living for several months at
Germans Threatening |
To Refuse to Assist
Factory Dismantling
Clay Replies He Will Post
List of Plants Available
To Paying Reparations
Ey th* Associated Press
HAMBURG, Germany, Sept.
27.—German trade union leaders
threatened today to resist, by
nonco-operation, any further
dismantling of factories for
Gen. Lucius D. Clay commented:
"If the German unions refuse to
obey orders, they can hardly expect
us to keep shipping in food to feed
them.’’ The American military gov
ernor declared the British-Ameri- j
can zone would post for reparations!
a list of German factories consid
ered surplus to the new level of in
dustry for Western Germany—
whether the Germans liked it or not.
Adolf Kummernus, chairman of
the Trade Unions Congress of Ham
burg, predicted "strikes throughout
the British zone if the occupation
powers’ policy is carried out.” Trade
unionists said orders had already
been issued to their members not
to co-operate in the dismantling of
factories in the western zones for
“Resistance” Threatened.
They added that “resistance"
would be made in the case of plants
regarded by the workers as essential
for peacetime industry.
The bizonal military governments
had been expected to publish this
week a revised list of plants to be
dismantled, but none had yet ap
peared. The list may include several
hundred factories.
The Ruhr waited anxiously for is
suance of the list and disclosure of
the makeup of the German coal;
(See GERMANS, Page A-2.) |
7131 Connecticut avenue. After in
vestigating the case at direction of
Lt. Jeremiah Flaherty, chief of the
homicide squad, Sergt. Curtis said
he learned this story of circum
stances leading to Miss Elliott’s
hospitalization from Robert San
The marriage was to have taken
place at 4 pm. Tuesday. When Miss
Elliott arrived at the Sanders’ fam
ily residence, a quarrel ensued, dur
(See ELLIOTT, Page A-5.)
214% Increase Asked
For Public Library
In Budget Estimate
Expenditures of $898,000
Also is Sought to Open
New Central Building
REGULATORY agencies seek
higher budgets. Page A-12
The Public Library, in a 1949
budget estimate up 214 per cent
over this year’s appropriation, is
asking the Commissioners to ap
prove the spending of $898,000 on
its new central building at Sixth
owccu auu rciuiojxvaiiia avenue
N.W. so it can move in with the
least possible delay, District Bud
get Officer Walter L. Fowler re
vealed today.
Pait of this sum, the same $500,
000 which Congress has refused to
grant two years running, is for
starting construction of the second
unit of the projected four-unit build
The remaining $398,000 is is for
alterations which must be made on
the first unit, completed during the
war. before it can be used as a
This building is occupied by or
ganiations affiliated with the State
Two Questions Asked.
Library officials are scratching
their heads over two questions. The
first is how and how soon they will
get the completed part of their new
building back from its present occu
pants The second is why they have
to spend District funds to undo in
terior construction done in the
building during the war for the Fed
(See LIBRARY, Page A-5.i
Temperature Goes Down to 41,
Coldest for Date in 68 Years
Washington's official thermometer |
dropped to 41 degrees today, mark- j:
ing the city’s coldest September 27
in 68 years, the Weather Bureau re-1
ported The all-time record low isj;
40 degrees for this date, set in 1879.
Temperatures in the suburbs dip- j1
ped near the freezing point, as re
ports of 33 degrees in AnnandaK j
Va„ and 34 degrees at Baileys Cross- i
roads, Va., were phoned in, the!'
bureau said. Considerable frost at
both places also was reported by <
residents. Reports of the season’s i
first frost, however, came last Tues
day from Bethesda, the bureau said.
The cold, sunny weather is ex
pected to continue today, with a
high in the low 60s during the <
afternoon and no signs of warmer
weather in sight. Tonight will be
dear, the bureau predicted, with ■
more frost and temperatures of
about 42 degrees tomorrow morning.
Tomorrow will be only slightly
warmer, with temperatures in the
middle 60s, the forecast said.
Meanwhile, Washington area resi
dents began flooding fuel dealers
with orders for heating fuel.
H. B. Noyes, general superintend
ent of the Washington Gas Light
Co., said his office has enlarged its
telephone operator staff to take care
of incoming calls, and that installers
are working "far into the night” to
turn on heating equipment in pri
vate homes.
Clear skies and near normal tem
peratures throughout most of the
country were expected to furnish a
perfect setting for the opening of
the 1947 football season in many
cities today.
Hannegan Quits;
McGrath to Get
Change to Be Made
At Meeting Oct. 29;
Sullivpn Also Resigns
Robert E. Hannegan will resign
October 29 as chairman of the
Democratic National Committee
and be succeeded by Senator Mc
Grath of Rhode Island.
Mr. Hannegan announced today
he is resigning because of health
and that President Truman ’‘in
dicated his approval" of Senator
McGrath for the job. Ratification
of the President’s choice by the
national committee will be a for
mality. Mr. Hannegan remains as
Postmaster General.
Senator McGrath told reporters
he will accept the Democratic chair
manship and expects to “proceed on
the theory that my task will be to
re-elect President Truman.” He
will remain in the Senate.
Took Post in 1944.
Mr. Hannegan said he is giving
up the chairmanship he took over
in January, 1944, on the advice of
physicians who urged that he limit
his activities.
He called a meeting of the Na
tional Committee for October 29
and said his resignation will be ef
fective as of that date at 11 a.m*
when the meeting starts.
Mr. Hannegan said he had sug
gested Senator McGrath’s name to
| President Truman as his successor
and the President had indicated his
] approval.
Simultaneously the chairman an
nounced that Gael Sullivan, execu
tive director and vice chairman of
the committee, a former Assistant
Postmaster General who has been
exercising full power in Mr. Han
j negan s aosence, is resigning on me
same date, October 29.
Won’t Accept Salary.
Senator McGrath said he will not
accept a salary as party chairman.
At a news conference he said he
considers the new job a "tremen
I dous one with a lot of hard work
! which I will be happy to do to the
| best of my ability."
Senator McGrath said he had
urged Mr. Sullivan to .remain as
executive director and had asked
Mr. Hannegan to urge him to stay,
j When he announced that he
would retain his Senate seat, Sen
| ator McGrath was asked if the
| presence of the party’s national
I chairman on the Senate floor might
j conflict in any way with the duties
; of Senator Barkley, Democratic
floor leader. He replied:
| “On the Senate floor Senatbr
Barkley is my leader and there shall
be no conflict whatever."
Job to Organize Party.
Asked if he thought having a
member of Congress as party chair
man would promote co-operation
between the national committee and
the Democratic contingent in Con
gress, he said:
“It should contribute toward that
result. To what extent, only time
will tell. However, my job is to
organise the party, not the Con
; gress."
There are two precedents in re
cent years for selection of a na
tional chairman from Congress,
both on the Republican side. DurA
ing the Hoover administration, for
mer Senator Fess of Ohio, held the
jpost and in 1940 Speaker Martin of
! Massachusetts was GOP national
[chairman. Former Secretary of
I State Cordell Hull served as Demo
cratic chairman while a member of
| the House in the early 20s.
Senator McGrath said he sup
ported President Truman for nomi
nation as Vice President “from tha
very beginning" at the 1944 conven
tion, and seconded his nomination.
He did not, however, discuss the
Democratic chairmanship with the
President. He said he first saw in
the newspapers six weeks ago that
his name had been mentioned, and
had discussed the matter twice with
Mr. Hannegan during the past three
Going to Europe October 8.
He avoided any comment when
asked to speculate on why a man
from the industrial area of New
I England with a New Deal voting rec
ord in the Senate had been chosen
to head the national committee.
Senator McGrath is going to
Europe October 8 with a committee
to study the displaced persons prob
j lem, but said he would return In
time for the October 29 meeting of
the Democratic Committee.
Pressed for some forecast of Pres
ident Truman's chances next year,
Senator McGrath replied, “I think
at the October 29 meeting we will
advance them a little and keep doing
jit eacn day from then on.”
Senator McGrath is understood to
have the backing of Presidential Sec
rptorv \foHhpu; Pnnnolltf nn#l
1 ers, as well as Mr. Hannegan.
Besides acting on Mr. Hannegan'a
<See HANNEGAN, Page A-1)
Daylight Time
To End Tonight;
Clocks Go Back
Tonight's the night to turn the
dock back an hour and recapture
that 60 minutes of sleep you lost last
April. Daylight saving time ends at
2 am. Sunday when clocks officially
wdll be turned back to 1 a.m.
Daylight saving time was made
possible this year by an act of Con
gress giving the Commissioners per
mission to mcve the clocks forward,
but the law has now expired and
a new move by Congress will be
necessary if Washingtonians are to
keep in line with other Eastern cities
next year.
New railroad time tables will show
some changes of schedules because
of the time shift and airlines like
wise will alter some flights.
LONDON, Sept. 27 (JP).—Germany
and Italy will return to standard
time on October 5 and Britain will
follow on November 2. Summer
time will continue throughout the
winter in Belgium and Prance.

xml | txt