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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 06, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Mostly sunny, highest 78 today. Gentle south
erly winds this afternoon. Clear tonight;
lowest, 55. Tomorrow cloudy in morning, sun
shine in afternoon. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Midnight 53 6 a.m.-. 57 11 a.m 63
2 a.m. 5ù 8 a m 58 Noon 68
4 a.m. 54 10 a.m 61 1 p.m 72
Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-13.
Guide for Readers
Amusements ... Β -11
Comics B-18-19
Editorial A-6
Editorial Articles A-7
Finance A-13
Losi and Found.-A-3
Obituary A-8
Radio B-19
Society, Clubs B-3
Sports -A-10-11
Where to Go B-7
Woman's Page..B-12
An Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,774 Phone NA. 5000.
City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday. /^"CVTPQ
$1.20 a Month. When 5 Sundays, $1.30 ®
New Comintern
To Battle U. S.
Communist Leaders
In Nine Countries
Organize in Poland
(Text of Communist Declaration I
on Page A-4.i
ly the Associated Press
MOSCOW, Oct. 6.—The Cen
tral Communist Party of the
Soviet Union and its counter
parts in eight other European
nations served notice today that
they do not intend to give an
inch in dealing with the United
This program of no concessions
was promulgated in a manifesto
setting up a new Communist or
ganization which aroused in some
observers memories of the old
Comintern—the Communist Inter
national formed by Russian Com
munists in 1919 to further world
wide revolution. It was declared
dissolved four years ago, in the
middle of the war.
Μηκτηοτ nnrvrc aft.pr ririntincr thA
declaration yesterday, made no edi
torial comment today.
Will Be All-Out Fight.
The manifesto rallied Communists
of the nine nations for an all-out
right against the Marshall Plan and
Communist Manifesto
Called Declaration
Of Ideological War
ty the Aitocieted Pre is
Fadhil Jamali, foreign minister
of Iraq, declared today that the
manifesto issued by the 9-na
tion Communist conference in
Poland "is a declaration of
war—an ideological war."
This was the first comment
authorized lor publication from
an official national source at
United Nations headquarters.
News of the open revival of
Communist collaboration on an
international basis was gener
ally received as a blow to the
concept of the U. N. but most
delegates were reluctant to
comment for publication until I
they had time to study the
significance of the Communist
what it described as United States
Communists parties-of two Mar
shall Plan nations, France and Italy,
were included.
In effect, the statement served no
tice of the Communists' intention to
wreck, if possible, the Marshall
Plan for European aid and the Tru
man Doctrine to combat totalitari
anism. It proclaimed that the
world had been divided into two
camps—led by the Soviet Union and
the United States—and called on
Pnrrtnpflη finmmiinists to defend the
"national sovereignty of their peo
ples against United States aggres
Organized in Poland.
Pravda, Communist organ, re
ported that formation of the new in
ternational organization was com
pleted at a hitherto unheralded
meeting in Poland last month, at
tended by Communist leaders from
Russia, France, Italy, Czechoslo
vaks, Poland. Romania, Bulgaria,
Yugoslavia and Hungary.
To implement the work of the or
ganization, an "information bureau"
is to be established in the Yugoslav
capital at Belgrade. To it will be
assigned, the announcement, saic,
the task of "exchanging experiences"
and, if necessary, of "co-ordinating
the activities of the Communist
parties on a basis of mutual agree
Russia was represented at the
Communist conference by two of its
top Politburo leaders—Col. Gen.
Andreu Zhdanov and Georgi M.
(The Politburo is the political
bureau of the Centra Committee
of the all-union Communist
Signed Dissolution Move.
Gen. Zhdanov was among the
Communists who signed the resolu
tion in Moscow in May, 1943. calling
for dissolution of the Comintern—
the international organization
(See COMMUNISTS." Page ι
Reds Answered Agair
By Mrs. Roosevelf
tH» Associated Pros*
T.iAKE SUCCESS. Oct. 6—Mrs.
Franklin D. Roosevelt told the
united nations iooaν m iiei seconu
answer to Soviet attacks on "war- '
mongers" in this country that the
American press "on the whole is ]
She took the floor in the U. N.
Assembly's Social Committee as that!
57-Nation group neared a vote on!
a Soviet proposai to change the
proposed agenda of the 1948 World j
Coherence on Freedom of Infor-1
nation and of the Press. The Soviet
resolution envisioned a press cam-j
paign against "Warmongers" every-j
where and against "Fascism."
"We admit our press system has
its faults." Mrs. Roosevelt told the
committee. "On the whole our press
is free. We feel that the advantages
of this press therefore outweighs
the disadvantages of a controlled
press. A controlled press is like
an egg. If one part of It is bad
the whole is bad."
Speaking yesterday on a radio
broadcast, Mrs. Roosevelt declared
that warmongering and critical ex
pressions in a free press "are just
as different as they can be." She
said that Andrei Y. Vishinsky, So
viet deputy foreign minister, who
recently accused the American press
of 'warmongering," and Stanoje
Simic. Yugoslav representative to
the United Nations, had been pre
vented by "pressure of work" from
accepting her invitation to tppear
with her on the program. J
. «
Τ wo Big Unions May Leave AFL
As Result of Bitter Disputes
Alliance Between Lewis and Hutcheson
On NLRB and Jurisdiction Rows Reported
By James Y. Newton
Star Staff Correspondent
American Federation of Labor
opened its annual convention
here today amid predictions of
officials that the meeting will
be as rough as that at Atlantic
City in 1935. when John L. Lewis
created the CIO and marked his
exit from the AFL by punching
a fellow vice president on the
By a strange coincidence, Mr.
Lewis and the man he punched 12
years ago are expected to supply
the drama in the convention this
time. Mr. Lewis has formed an
alliance now with his former
antagonist, William L. Hutcheson,
president of the carpenter's union,
and both have quarrels of almost
equal importance with the rest of
All of this could lead to the with
drawal of Mr. Lewis' 600,000 mine
workers and Mr. Hutcheson's
equally large union from the AFL
and such a possibility is predicted
here. The conservatives among
federation officials do not expect it,
but they admit it could easily occur
and that the situation is explosive.
District 50 Is Part of Dispute.
Part of the controversy revolving
around Mr. Lewis is well known, in
volving his blocking of access to the
National Labor Relations Board of
all AFL unions by his refusal to.
sign a Taft-Hartley Labor Act non
Communist affidavit.
But there is more to the Lewis
part of the story than that. The
rest of it involves jurisdictional dis
putes between the UMW District
50, a catch-all union of many crafts,
and numerous other AFL unions: a
recurrence of the old basic differ
ences over political activity, the in
dustrial union versus the craft union
setup, and the fact that a sizable
(See AFL, Page À-4.)
Civil Service Officiais
To Explain Loyalty File
To House Group Today
Hoffman Charges 'Smear'
On Members of Congress;
Holds Reds Responsible
By Joseph Young
Chairman ' Hoffman of the
House Executive Expenditures
Committee today charged the
Civil Service Commission with
keeping a "smear file" on some
members of Congress.
Mr Hoffman made the charge
as the committee summoned the
three civil service commissioners
to appear before it this afternoon
to answer reports that the com
mission is keeping some congres
sional names in a special loyalty
investigation "lead" file.
"It is nothing more than a smear
file from biased and prejudiced
sources," Mr. Hoffman declared.
"In my judgment some Reds down
there are trying to destroy the con
fidence of the people in Congress."
Files in .Separate Dossier.
It was revealed yesterday that
the committee had issued subpoenas
for the three commissioners in con
n^rtinn with frh® lrtvaltv flip rharffM
Sumoned were Harry B. Mitchell,
commission president, and his as
sociates, Frances Perkins and Ar
thur S. Flemming. Also subpoenaed
were the commission's files.
Commission officials skid today
they did not know whether the
"lead" file contained the names and
records of any members of Congress.
They said the" file in question is
a dossier kept by the commission s
investigators apart from their reg
ular records in compiling loyalty
and other investigations on Federal
job applicants and Government em
ployes. This information, it was
said, is usually about persons not
now employed in the Government,
which was picked up incidentally in
the investigators' inquiry into other
"Smear File" Charge Denied.
Commission officials denied the
charge that it was a "smear file."
"It is something like a newspaper
library, where clippings, good and
bad, are kept," one official said. "It
is kept only lor our investigators'
information and use in future in
The information is usually used
should the person involved apply
for a Government job, or in con
nection with suspected employes
already on the Government payroll,
it was said. '
Commission officials said the file's
existence was no secret, and that
its contents had been discussed be
fore the House Appropriations Com
mittee. However, at that time the
question of whether any members
of Congress were involved was not
brought up.
ihinese Clear Reds
Around Changchun
By th» Associated Prtsi
NANKING. Oct. 6— Government
cminteroffensive which cleared Chi
nese Communists to a radius 13
miles from Changchun, capital of
Manchuria, was reported today as
fierce battles raged along the length
of the railway south to Mukden.
Chinese dispatches from Chang
chun ' said Communist shelling
threatened the city from the south,
west end north and thai at least
20,000 Red cavalrymen were seeking
a weakpoint in the city's defenses.
The official Central News Agency,
however, said Government leaders
responsible fcr Changchun's defense
were confident they had made It
"an ironclad fortress."
Charges Against Lee
Stand Up, Ruark Says
Of Wyche's Report
Articles Made Eisenhower
Correct Several Abuses
In Italy, Writer Asserts
By the Associated Press
Robert C. Ruark, columnist,
declared today that despite an
"attempted whitewash" by the
inspector general, all his charges
about extravagant living of offi
cers and shabby treatment of
enlisted men in the Italian the
ater "have stood up."
The Scripps-Howard writer said
Maj. Gen. Ira T. Wyche, who in
vestigated for the Army chief of
staff after a series of articles by
Mr. Ruark. "tripped and fell flat
ever enough unburied evidence to
force Gen. Eisenhower to take ac
tion on several marked abuses."
Gen. Wyche reported to Gen.
Eisenhower that he found only
minor discrepancies and irregulari
ties" in the Italian theater under
Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee and that
the Ruark stories gave a "wholly
erroneous picture" of overall condi
tions. (
Oen. Eisenhower made the report
public Friday, along with a memo
randum of his own acknowledging
"errors" in the command and say
ing he was taking action to correct
Gen. Elsenhower said the errors
were "the exception rather than the
rule and in no case could be traced
to wrong intent on the part of the
thèater coirtmander."
Mr. Ruark devoted his column for
today, which was made available by
the Scripps-Howard newspapers, to
his comment.
"Lefthandedly," he said, "in
Wyche's pitiful effort to sidestep the
truth, all the charges have stood
He said Gen. Eisenhower's state
ment "knocks the Wyche report
cranksided" and that the chief of
staff had agreed with Mr. Ruark on
five points:
1. "I said that, things were pretty
awful in the disciplinary training
camp at Pisa. So does Gen. Eisen
Gen. Eisenhower's statement said
minor offenders had been incar
cerated where contact with criminal
offenders was possible, a "serious
mistake,'" and that daily routine of
prisoners was of a very severe order,
"far moie than justified."
Pressure to Join Organization.
2. "I said enlisted men had been
blackjacked into joining·a purely
political organization. So does Gen.
Eisenhower. '
Gen. Elsenhow's statement spoke
of "undue pressure exercised by
commanders to induce subordinates
frniawnal λ*·rrenivatÎAnc " I
The Wyche report had referred to
"the Fellowship of U. S.-British
Comrades," created to foster com
radeship between members of the
ι wo armed forces.
3. "I said that the Army had
broken many of its postwar prom
ises to the enlisted men. So does
Gen. Eisenhower."
Gen. Wyche reported the only in
stances of broken promises to en
listed men were those of soldiers
who had enlisted for areas other
than th'e Mediterranean but had
been sent to that theater because of
the Army's shortage of recruits.
Gen. Eisenhower said this was a
fault of the Army instead of Gen.
Lee's command and that he would
lake steps to "follow up on It."
4. "I charged unfairness and in
stability in bringing service depend
ents to Italy. Gen. Eisenhower
Gen. Eisenhower said the prin
cipal cause of this situation was
failure of the War Department to
explain to personnel the reasons
for changes in orders and policies
necessitated by conditions in Italy.
(See RUARK, Page A-4.) " j
New Prince Georges Grand Jury
Directed to Study Gambling
By α Ματτ ν_θΓΓ·$ροησ·πι or ι ne jier
—The new Prince Georges County
grand jury today was directed to
make a special study of enforce
ment of gambling laws in the
Judge John B. Gray, jr.. opening
the October term of Circuit Court,
warned that it had been revealed
in "another court of this circuit"
that law enforcement officers of
another county "deliberately closed
their eyes to gambling laws 'ap
plicable to that county and to the
"Consequently," he added, "there
were no prosecutions, although
there were hundreds of violations."
<In St. Marys County the
grand jury was recalled in spe- !
cial session last summer after it '
il au leiuâcu lu iciuni iuuivi
ments on the basis of evidence
presented to it in the spring.
The grand jury then returned a
number of indictments. Many of
the cases were transferred to
Montgomery County for trial
after the prosecution asserted it,
could not obtain a fair trial in
St. Marys County.)
In instructing the newly impaneled
grand jury. Juage Gray emphasized
that the jury was not to devote it
self entirely to inquiring into
gambling prosecutions, but was to
study the extent lawbreakers in gen
eral were being piosecuted.
For the first time, women were
sworn in for jury service in the
county. Six were named to the 23
menjber grand Jury and eight were
chosen for duty on the first week's
petit jury panel.
President Calls
For Sacrifices
To Fight Hunger
Attacks Gambling,
Sets Up Meatless
And No-Poultry Days
(Texts ol Truman and Luckman
talks on Pape A-5.)
By the Associated Press
An unprecedented "self-de
nial" offensive against hunger
in Western Europe was touched
off today by President Truman's
call for food sacrifices as an
American "contribution to
Mr. Truman asked all citizens
to go without meat on Tuesdays,
without eggs and poultry on Thurs
days, and to save a slice of bread
a day.
He "demanded" of the grain ex
changes the raising of margins on
grain purchases to 33 V3 per cent to
thwart what he called the infla
tionary operations of "gamblers in
il me excnanges reiuse, ne
warned in a Nation-wide broadcast
last night, the Government may
step in and "limit the amount of
trading" in wheat and other grains.
Distilleries May Suspend.
A distiller described as a "bolt
from the blue" another White
White House request—that the
liquor industry shut down for 60
days "at the earliest possible mo
ment." Two whiskey makers pre
dicted the answer would be yes.
Chief aim of the whole program
is to save grain, the mainstay of
Europe's diet, in the face of esti
mates that American grain ship
ments will fall 100,000,000 bushels
Poultryless Thursdays
Pose Thanksgiving,
Christmas Problem
Poultryless Thursdays are fine
until you look at the calendar.
The three big turkey days
Thanksgiving, Christmas and
New Years all come on Thurs
Asked if any one had noticed
this before the Citizens' Pood
Committee selected Thursday
as the poultryless day, Charles
Ross, secretary to President
Truman, said he didn't hear
any one mention it. As to
whether the rule would be
relaxed for the holidays, he
"We'll cross that bridge when
we come to it,"
The Oregon Turkey Improve
ment Association says the
present program would force
the turkey industry into bank
ruptcy because 50 per cent of
the business comes from sales
for the three holidays.
short of the need unless domestic
1>υΐιά11ιιιμιΐνΐι υαιι wt ι-ui uunu umi
much. The reason for asking Amer
icans to use less meat and poultry
products is to save on grain fed to
Going direct to the people by
radio and television. Mr. Truman
joined Charles Luckman, chairman
of his Citizens' Food Committee in
a grave and sometimes sharply
voiced plea for conservation lest
prosperity at home and peace in
the world be "needlessly lost."
And—as Mr. Luckman today be
gan mobilizing an organization, in
side and outside the Government, to
wage a campaign of near-wartime
dimensions—at least one influential
Republican legislator gave ungrudg
ing endorsement.
Praised by Agriculture Chairman.
"It's a good program," said Chair
man Hope of the House Agriculture
Committee. "It is something tangi
ble that the people can understand.
It was well presented and should
have the support of every Amer
And Chairman Bridges, just be
fore the broadcast, called his Sen
ate Appropriations Committee to
meet November 18 - on the Presi
dent's $580,000,000 proposal for
emergency aid to Western Europe.
This is the money which Mr. Tru
man says Prance and Italy must
have to assure that they will sur
vive the winter as free and inde
pendent countries.
Senator Wherry of Nebraska.
Republican whip, indorsed the
President's appeal but observed that
Mr. Truman seems to be "in ful'
accord with the Taft, program"
Senator Taft, Republican of Ohio,
declared recently that the people
in this country shouid eat less to
heip feed the rest of the world.
Gael Sullivan, executive director
of the Democratic National Com
mittee, said the President's ap
proach to the problem of aid for
Europe is "completely non-partisan"
but that this attitude is not shared
by Senator Taft or House Speaker
Mr. Sullivan made this statement
(See FOOD, Page A-4.)
Government's hood Plans
Bring Drop in Grain Market
(y rti* Aisociotvd Prtil
CHICAGO, Oct. 6.—Government
plans to decrease domestic grain
consumption, plus a presidential
request ior an increase In margin
requirements, caused heavy selling
in cereals on the Board of Trade
at the opening today. Trade board
directors called a special meeting,
presumably to discuss the margin
Wheat dropped as much as 10
cents, corn 7 cents, oats 6 cents
and soybeans 8 cents before the
market steadied and* rallied slightly.
Traders said wheat was aided by
buying traced to cash dealers. They
said this indicated cash grain buy
ing by the Government.
After about an hour of excited
trading, wheat futures were about
3 to 5 cents under Saturday's close,
corn down about 4 cents, oate off
a to S cents and soybeans 8 cents
? >
1-Cent Milk Price Rise
Threatens D. C. Area
In Plea by Producers
Association Asks Virginia
Board to Allow Boost
In Rate Paid Farmers
A cent-a-quart increase in the
price of milk tJBoughout the ·
Washington Me®bolitan Area
within the next^B^reeks was
threatened tod^H^B; Mary
land and VirginU^^flk Pro
ducers' Association petitioned
the Virginia Milk Commission
for a raise in the price paid the
This increase, if it is granted,
"undoubtedly" will result in a retail
price increase, according to spokes
man for the Chestnut Farms-Chevy
Chase Dairy.
Retail milk prices generally now
are 17 cents a quart in stores and
19's cents delivered by the dailies.
Cream and milk used m ice cream
would not be affected by the price
A hearing on the producers' re
quest will be held in Alexandria on
October 17.
The group, in making public its
request for a higher price for fluid
milk, said that producers are "un
able to continue to absorb rcund
after round of ever-increasing ieed
and labor costs" which have been
"greatly in excess" of the cent
raise asked.
Since there is no Maryland milk
commission it is not necessary to
take formal steps to increase the
price paid to farmers of milk pro
duced in that State. However,
prices for the two adjoining States
generally move up or down together.
Maryland and Virginia together
furnished about 90 per cent of the
metropolitan Washington milk sup
The Board of Directors of the
Producers' Association said that they
are "still hope that the present
efforts on the part of the admini
startion to halt the vicious spiral
of increasing grain prices (corn,
oats, barley and wïïeat) may become
effective in time to prevent a fur
ther increase in the cost of milk." !
Five More Cholera Deaths
Bring Egypt's Toll to 344
fty the Aisocioted Press
CAIRO. Oct. 6—Five additional
deaths today brought the official to
tal of fatalities resulting ftom
Egypt's two-week-old cholera epi
demic to 344. The Health Ministry
said the number of reported cases
had mounted to 1,348.
A -United States Air Force plane
arrived here this morning with 1,
600,000 units of anticholera vaccine
donated by the United States Navy
and simultaneously an Egyptian
plane began spraying the northern
half of Cairo with DDT.
The Health Ministry asked resi
dents to keep doors and windows
υμνιι mi/ ορι αj 1115 wv *
destruction of flies and mosquitoes.
Parliament Upholds
De Gasperi Regime
By the Associated Press
ROME, Oct. 6.—Premier Alcide
De Gasperi's Christian Democrat
government gained a new lease on
life today after beating down two
leftist motions of no confidence in
the constituent assembly.
In voting which climaxed a week
of hot debate, the first motion
presented by former Foreign Minis
ter Pietro Nenni's pro-Communist
Socialists—was defeated yesterday
by a count of 271 to 178, with 63
The second motion, offered by
Giuseppe Saragat's moderate Socia
list Labor Party, was lost by a vote
of 271 to 224. with 17 abstaining.
A third no confidence resolution,
offered by the Communists, was
The margin by which the gov
ernment won In both cases consirf·,
erably exceeded the margin of 43
ballots by which De Gasperi won a
vote of confidence last June shortly
after he threw the Communists and
Socialists out of his cabinet.
Had the government been de
feated on either no confidence mo
tion, it would have had to resign.
Winds Delay Cub Pilots
In Takeoff From Amoy
•y th· Associated Press
SHANGHAI. Oct. 6.—Two Amer
icans, piloting cub planes on a
round-the-world flight, were pre
vented by strong headwinds from
taking off from Amoy today for
Shanghai. Reporte reaching here
said they planned to leave tomor
Sixty - mile - an - hour headwinds
forced the airmen, George Truman
of Los Angeles and Clifford V.
Evans of Washington, to land at
Amoy yesterday after taking off
from Hong Kong. The leisurely
global flight started at Tetêrboro.
Ν. J.. Aueust 10
Supreme Court Opens
Term With Reading
Of Jackson Dissent
Justice Douglas Absent;
Labor Law, Realty Deed
Cases to Be Heard
D. C. COVENANT CASE is described
in an article, the first of two,
appearing on ihe Editorial Page.
!y tht Associated Presi
Short one justice, the Supreme
Court began its new term today
with a blast from Justice Jack
son against a 5-2 decision an
nounced last June 23.
Justice Douglas was absent. He
underwent a tonsillectomy during
the summer recess and is recovering
from a throat infection. Aides said
he probably would rejoin the court
next Monday.
Today's was the first session of
a new term of the court during
which matters of far-reaching im
portance may be decided, including
whether the Taft-Hartley Act is
constitutional and whether clauses
in real estate deeds which bar prop
erty owners from selling to Ne
groes are legal.
Justice Jackson's blast was a dis
senting opinion in A case in which
the court -upheld «Securities and
Exchange Commissîbn order. That
order prevented the management of
a company undergoing reorganiza
tion from profiting by purchases of
securities during the reorganization.
Justice Murphy delivered the,
court's maioritv decision in June.
At that time Justice Frankfurter
announced that he and Justice
Jackson dissented, but had not had
opportunity to write their opinions.
Their dissent was handed down to
day by Justice Jackson.
Calls Decision Ominous.
Justice Jackson asserted that
there was "admittedly no law for
regulation to support the commis
sion's order," and said that he
found the only reason the majority
upheld the order was that it fol
lowed "the principle of judicial
deference to administrative experi
"The truth is," Justice - \»on
added, "that in this decision the
court approve the commission's as
ilSefT COURT, Page A-3.)
Freed Prisoner Falls Dead
TOKYO, Oct. 6 (A>).—Former Col.
Noriyoshi Harada, released for lack
of evidence on war crimes charges,1
walked out of the gates of Sugamo!
prison toward the car of friends
who had come to meet him. As he
reached the car. he fell dead, a
victim of a heart attack.
2 Gunmen Gel $1,527
In Bank Door Holdup;
Miss $3,000 in Pocket
Poultry Firm Bookkeeper
Loses $5,470 in Checks;
Bandits Flee Down Alley
A bookkeeper for Morris Bres
sler & Co., poultry dealers at
1265 Fourth street N.E., was
robbed of $1,527 in cash and
$5,470 in checks, carried in a
paper bag, by two men near
Eighth and H streets N.E. shortly
before noon today, but saved
$3,000 in cash carried in his
'I'he PrthKanr ηορι ι vroH η c Tnhn Τ
Tucker, 39, of 2755 Macomb street
N.W., the bookkeeper, was about to
enter the Eighth street entrance to
the Northeast branch of the Hamil
ton National Bank.
Both robbers, described as^colored
rrien about 28 years old, escaped
running across a yard and down an
alley to Ninth street. One jumped
into a taxicab but leaped out a few
blocks farther on. leaving a pistol in
the cab. The other man apparently
got away on foot.
100 Persons at Intersection.
More than 100 persons were at the
busy intersection of Eighth and H
streets and several saw the holdup
but were unable to stop it, police
were told.
Mr. Tucker said later that in
addition to the cash and checks in
the paper bag, he carried the $3,000
in large bills in an 'inside coat
As he started to enter the Eigh'h
street side entrance of the banlt,
he said, he was approached by two
colored men. One pointed a pistol
at him and demanded that he h%nd
over the bag. Instead, Mr. Tucker
hurled the bag over a fence into
the yard at 805 Eighth strecr, he
said. Both robbers hurdled the low
fence, scooped up the bag and raced
down a nearby alley.
One Wore Army Jacket.
Police reported later that a tr.xi
cab driver told of having oicked
lin a man answprincr t.ho rlp^rrinrinn
of one of the robbers.
The man entered the cab on Tenth
street but jumped out at Tenth
street and Florida avenue N.E.
One of the robbers wore an Army
jacket and the other a brown suit,
police were informed.
Mr. Bressler said his company's
receipts for late Friday and Satur
day were taken to the bank by two
employes, one of whom went there
earlier today. Mr. Tucker arrived
at the bank shortly before noon. Mr.
Bressler did not disclose how much
money the first employe took to the
One Reported Dead, 2 Shot
As Prisoner Goes Berserk
Ky the Associated Prêts
' MEMPHIS, Tenn., Oct. 6 —De
tective Chief M. A. Hinds said he
understood a trusty had been killed
and two deputies wounded bv a
prisoner who went berserk in the
county jail shortly before noon.
"There was so much confusion
around the jail I couldn't get inside,"
Chief Hinds report^}.
"However, they told me a Megro
trusty was shot and two deputies
wounded. A Negro prisoner went
•razy and started shooting all over
the place."
First Operation Ever Televised
Performed by G. U. Surgeons
By Thomas G. Buchanan.
Georgetown University Hospital
doctors today performed the first
surgical operation ever broadcast
by television.
People who "always wondered
what an operation was like" had a
chance to watch a surgeon remove
an appendix from a 123-year-old
youth who remained conscious
throughout the operation and ex
changed comments on its progress
With the operating room staff.
The history'-making program
over Station WTTG was arranged
by the District Medical Society aa a
feature of this year's scientific as
sembly which opened today at the
Hotel Statler.
The hero of the performance was
the patient himself. He was a young
man who had felt severe pains In
his lower abdomen three months
ago, did not immediately consult a
doctor, and recently had another
attack, which was diagnosed as ap
Asked to Join the anonymous cast
in this mornings "play-by-play"
broadcast, he gave his assent. He
was conscious for the entire time,
although his lower body was shield
ed from pain by a spinal injection.
He was able to tell the doctor from
time to time he "felt fine."
When the appendix was cut away
he feebly managed to take a look
at it and nod his head.
A member of the Georgetown staff
kept the audience posted as the op
eration developed. The television
camera traced the operating room
technique from the time the doctors
* .
Yanks Leading
Dodgers, 3 to 2,
In Fifth Inning
New York Rallies
To Go Ahead; Gregg,
Shea Knocked Out
Stanky. 2b Stirnweiss. Cb
Reese, ss Henrich 'f
J. Robinson, lb Berra. rf
Walker, rf Di Masrio. cf
Hermanski. If McQuinn. lb
Edwards, c Johnson. .*îb
Furillo. cf A. Roo<nson. e
Jorgensen. :»b Rizzuto. ss
Hal Gregc. ρ Shea, ο
Umpires—Ed Rommel (A. L.) plate:
Larry Goetz (N. L.). first base. William
McGowan (.A. L.>. second base: Ralph
Pinelii (N. L. » third base: Jim Boyer (A.
L. risht field; George Maserkurth (N, L.).
left field.
By Burton Hawkins
Star Staff Correspondent
NEW YORK. Oct. 6.—The Yan
kees were leading the Dodgers,
3 to 2, in.the seventh game of
the World Series today on the
strength of a two-run rally in
the fourth inning.
The parade of pitchers continued
and Joe Page, the third Yankee
pitcher, and Hank Behrman, the
second Dodger hurler, were mound
opponents in the fifth inning.
Scooter Rizzuto's single, Pinch
hitter Bobby Brown's double and
Henrich s single meant the two runs
'oy which the Yanks overcame α
2-to-l Brooklyn lead in the fourth.
The Dodgers goi two runs in the
second inning and knocked Frank
Shea, Manager Bucky Harris' sur
prise pitching choice out of the box.
After Dixie Walker fouled out to
McQuinn. Eugene Hermanski got a
triple when Yogi Berra, who re
placed the injured Johnny Lindell
in right, stumbled while chasing
me uau.
Edwards Drivée Run Home.
Bruce Edwards singled him home.
Carl Furillo followed with a single
and Floyd Bevens replaced Shea on
the mound. Johnny Jorgensen then
doubled into the right field boxes,
scoring Edwards.
Gregg grounded in Rizzute, who
cought Furillo at the plate. Stanky
popped to · Rizzuto to end the
Walks helped the Yankees get
a run back in their half of the
second. George McQuinn and Aaron
Robinson got passes on straight balls
and Rizzato's single just inside the
third base line scored McQuinn.
The crowd of about 72.000 on hand
as the game opened assured the first
$2.000.000 World Series. The series
also haci broken records for total at
tendance and attendance for one
About 12.000 noisy bleacher fans
began surging into Yankee Stadium
four and one-half hours before the
Amputees First in Line.
Four amputee World War II vet
erans led the shouting, seething line
of farts who came early to take over
13.600 bleacher seats at $1 a head.
They carried ■ thermos bottles,
lunches and blankets, and more
than 100 had been in line since last
night to see the decisive battle.
Stadium attendants moved the
amputees to the head of the line
which stretched four and five
abreast for five blocks and snarled
traffic. Police said it was the nois
iest bleacher crowd of the subway
DODGERS—On a count of one
ball and two strikes. Stanky lined
a single to rightfield. Stanky was
out attempting to steal, A. Robinson
to Steinweiss. Reese worked the
count to three and two then walked.
Heinrich made a leaping catch of
J. Robinson's liner after first mis
judging the ball. Reece was out
attempting to steal, A. Robinson
to Rizzuto. No runs.
YANKEES—Stirnweiss took two
hallc and a strike thpn flieH tn
Walker. Henrich flied to Herman
ski. Berra was out. J. Robinson to
Greeg who covered first.
No run.s.
DODGERS—Walker fouled Shea's
first pitch to McQuinn. Hermanski
smashed a drive down the right
field line and was credited with a
three-base hit, although Berra
; stumbled and fell while chasing the
I ball after it caromed off the barrier.
! Edwards singled down the left-field ,
! line. Scoring Hermanski. Furillo
ί singled to center. Edwards stopping
at second. Floyd Be vans replaced
I Shea on the mound for the Yankees.
Jorgensen s drive bounced into the
right-field boxes for a ground-rule
ι double, scoring Edwards, Furillo
stopping at third. Gregg grounded
to Rizzuto, whose throw to A. Rob
inson caught Furillo attempting to
I (See WORLD SERÎËS,~Page A-2.)
What the Russians
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow radio, broadcasting in
German to Europe last week, said:
"Two and a half years have
passed since the collapse of thfe
Nazi regime.-In the Soviet oc
cupation zone during this time
quite important successes nave
been achièved—by the active
parts played by the German peo
ple In democratizing the coun
"But it would be an unpardon
able mistake to assume that
everything necessary has been
done In the fight against the
German carriers of Naziism who
are still at large. Recent events
make it clear that Naziism has
by no means been extirpated
completely from Germany.
"It is characteristic that the
majority of Fascist outrages oc
cur in the Western zone and
in particular in the United sec
tor of Berlin.
"In the United States zone
many war criminals and big
Nazis are occupying resoonsible
posts. It is therefore not sur
prising that their followers
should try to express openly
their Nazi ideology."

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