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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 10, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy this afternoon. Highest, 68. Lowest,
55. Tomorrow cloudy in morning: some sun
shine; slightly warmer in afternoon. (Pull
report on page A-2.)
Midnight .62 8 a.m. ...60 Noon 64
4â.m. ---60 10a.m. .—62 1p.m. ...64
6 a.m. ...59 11a.m. ...64 2 p.m. ...65
Late New York Markets, Poge A-17.
Guide for Readers
Page, ι Page.
Amusements C-3 Obituary A-14
Comics C-10-11 ! Radio C-ll
Editorial A-12 ! Society, Clubs — B-3
Editorial Articles, A-13 \ Sports .C-l-2
Finance -A-17 Where to Go B-2
Lost and Pound._A-3 i Woman's Page.A-24
An Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,778 Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1947—SIXTY PAGES.
CUT Home Deliver*. Dally and 8und»y. g» "C1 "VJ ΓΠ Q
$1.20 ft Month. When 5 Sunday·. $1.30 ® i Ο
5 Arab Nations
Moving Armies
Near Palestine
Troops of Syria and
Lebanon 'Maneuver'
Along Frontier
BULLETIN
BEIRUT, Lebanon <JPi.—Arab
League spokesmen said troops
of the Arab world were ma
neuvering into position to
night to seal off Palestine's
frontiers, as the league re
sumed talks on "military pre
cautionary actions against
Zionism."
By the Associated Près»
BEIRUT, Lebanon, Oct. 10.—
The armies of five Arab nations
started moving today, translat
ing into action last night's Arab
League resolutions calling on
the Arab world to defend Pal
estine fTom Zionism with men
and money.
War Office spokesmen in Lebanon
and Syria said troops of those two
countries bordering on Palestine had
begun rolling at midnight and were
"maneuvering" near the frontier.
Troops of King Abdullah's Arab
legion of Trans-Jordan, reputedly
the largest and best-equipped mili
tary force in the oil-rich Middle
East, started massing along the
River Jordan in half a dozen hastily
spotted camps.
The Lebanon press said mecha
nized patrols of this force were rang
ing along the whole length of Pales
tine's eastern boundary in readiness
for what the papers called invasion
of Eastern Palestine.
Egyptians Prepare for Worst.
To the south, reliable sources in
Beirut said, Egyptian forces were
preparing to move into, the Sinai
Desert, and Saundi Arabian cavalry
was reported crossing into Egyptian
territory at the invitation of the
Egyptian government to participate
in cordoning off the Holy Land with
a ring of steel.
Seven Saudi Arabian airplanes
were reported unofficially to have
landed at Egyptian airdromes.
Emir Magid Arslan, Lebanon's
war minister, said "of course we
cannot disclose the movements of
our forces," but sources close to the
War Ministry estimated a mobile
force of 2,000 Lebanese soldiers
4U« Tin fvnn tiov Kû_
fore dawn today.
Members of the Syrian delegation
to the Arab League Council re
fused comment on the movements
of Syrian troops.
(Ahmad Sharabati, Syria's de
fense minister, said in Damascus
today that Syrian troops were
quartered along the border and
other sources said large scale
maneuvers were scheduled to be
gin near the frontier tomorrow.
Sharabati said the troops were
at the disposal of the Arab
League).
Iraqi Troops Sought.
Abdel Rahman Azzam Pasha, sec
retary-general of the Arab League,
who disclosed last night that actual
troop movements were under way to
implement the League-"council's res
olutions, flew to Amman today with
Premier Salih Jabur, reportedly to
ask Abdullah's permission to put
Iraqi troops into Trans-Jordan to
support the Eastern flank of the
armed cordon around Palestine.
The league's resolution l«st night
said the decision to use troops and
money to back up Palestine's Arabs
was intended to counterbalance
what the Arabs called "terrorist or
ganizations and Zionist forces
which threaten the security of
Palestine Arabs."
It called on the four states which
border directly on Palestine—Egypt,
Tians-Jordan, Syria and Lebanon—
"to take military precautions on
Palestine boundaries."
Defense Funds Asked.
These four were instructed by the
same resolution to make arrange
ments for participation in the con
templated military measures by the
other three members of the Arab
League—Iraq. Saudi Arabia and Ye
men.
XX1C 1 CCUiUiiuii αιου caxicu υιι xuau
nations to set aside funds to help
Palestine Arabs strengthen their de
fenses.
(At Lake Success, Ν. Y.. spokes
men for Britain and for the Jew
ish Agency for Palestine mini
mized the importance of the Arab
(See PALESTINE. Page A-3.)
ICC Refuses to End
Arlington Transfers
Termination of transfers between
Capital Transit Co. and two Virginia
bus lines serving the Pentagon
Navy Annex and other Government
installations in Arlington, was denied
again today by the Interstate Com
merce Commission.
An Investigation will be made
however, of the transfer rate now
charged—12 one-way trips for $1.60
or 13>/2 cents per trip—and of the
division of revenues among the three
companies. A hearing date will be
set by ICC.
The Washington, Virginia & Mary
land Coach Co. (Arnold line) and
Alexandria, Barcroft & Washington
Transit Co. were joined by Capital
Transit in petitioning for termina
tion of exchange privileges. The lat
ter company unsuccessfully sought
similar action earlier this year when
it discontinued Pentagon bus serv
ice. A suit now is pending on Cap
ital Transit's plea In District Court.
Other points served by the Vir
ginia lines with transfer privileges
are the Army Air Force Annex,
National Airport and intermediate
areas.
Virginia companies contended the
13%-cent fare is divided 5.83 cents
to Capital Transit and 7.5 to the
Virginia line involved in the trans
fer. They argued that Capital
Transit's latest demand for 10 cents
*s its share would be "disastrous"
to them.
1
I
Small-Nation Force to Protect
Palestine From Attack Urged
Guatemala's Proposal in U. N. Committee
Follows Delegate's Bitter Blast at Mufti
By th· Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 10.
Guatemala proposed today thai
the United Nations Assembly
create a small-country military
force to be used against any
"force which takes aggression
against the people of Palestine."
The Guatemalan delegate did not
mention the Arab League nations
forces now reported moving to the
Palestine borders.
However, he placed the proposal
before the Assembly's 57-nation
Palestine Committee less than 24
hours after the Arab League Coun
cil announced in Beirut, Lebanon
that the seven Arab states had
agreed to move troops to the Pales
Util V» ftSV* t?·
Dr. Jorge Garcia Granados, chiel
delegate of Guatemala, made his
proposal after delivering a bittei
: attack on the exiled Mufti of Je
; rusalem, who joined yesterday in·the
| Arab troop decision. '
The Guatemala delegate men
Louisville Rent Rise
Made National Issue
As Truman Hits Law
President Holds Act
Gives Creedon No Veto
Over Local Boards
A 5 per cent rent increase In
the Louisville area had become
a national issue today as labor
unions and other protesting
I groups expressed fears it pointed
to a country-wide trend, and
i President Truman renewed his
criticism of the rent-control law
as "plainly inadequate."
Housing Expediter Prank R. Cree
; don granted the rent increase yester
day on recommendations by the
Louisville Rent Advisory Board. It
jwas his first action under the new
I law.
Asked for his views at a news con
ference, Mr. Truman said that the
new act gives Mr. Creedon no power
■■ to change any recommendation
made by a lawfully appointed rent
control board.
Truman Suggests Hearings.
The President recalled his words
when he signed the act—"plainly in
adequate"—and that he signed only
to prevent the removal of *11 rent
ceilings and suggested public hear
ings before rent advisory boards
'reached their decisions.
Checking back on his message of
June 30 approving the act, reporters
did not find such specific language,
but Mr. Truman did denounce the
law and suggest that Governors—
who nominate the advisory boards
could protect tenants and could
"soften, although not avoid com
; pletely, the blow to rent control.'
No hearings were held in the Louis
ville case.
A reporter informed Mr. Truman
aiso mai Mr. ureeaun 5 unite was
refusing to make public the rent
recommendations as they are re
ceived from the boards. Mr. Tru
man said this question had bettei
be taken to Mr. Creedon. Within an
hour, a Creedon spokesman said
that "as of this minute" such infor
mation would be supplied on request
Interpretation Questioned.
Some Capitol Hill opinion ran
counter to Mr. Truman's interpreta
i lion 01 the law as giving Mr. Cree
don no veto power.
An aide to Senator Myers, Dem
1 ocrat, of Pennsylvania, author of a
bill to extend rept controls beyond
next February 29, told a reporter
I that Senator Myers is convinced the
local boards have "no mandatory
powers."
Union, consumer and other groups
reacted quickly after Mr. Creedon's
move. The Washington Chapter ol
Americans for Democratic Action
wired him in "vehement protest."
and said the Louisville case "has
ominous implications" for other rent
control areas.
H. W. Brown, president of the
International Association of Ma
chinists, urged President Truman to
dismiss Mr. Creedon "before his
policies bring on a cruel rent in
flation."
More Members Suggested.
Mr. Creedon's decision* in the
Louisville case followed a contro
versy which developed when the
Louisville local of the International
to him that the Louisville Control
Board was "heavily loaded in favor
of real estate operator and land
lord."
Mr. Creedon wrote the Governor
of Kentucky, suggesting that if the
board actually represented "land
lord interests," the Governor should
nominate additional members to
bring "landlords and tenants into
(See RENTS, Page A-3.)
What theRussians
Are Saying of Us:
I The Moscow radio, broadcasting in
Persian to the Middle East, said:
"Progressive opinion of the
world praises the attitude of the
Soviet delegation (at the United
Nations). Vishinsky's speech at
the United Nations General As
sembly attracted the attention of
the world. The Soviet proposals
represent the views and feelings
of not only the Soviet people but
of hundreds of millions of ordin
ary people all over the world.
"It is noteworthy that the re
actionary United States press is
trying to give the impression that
there is a united front against
the Soviet attitude, but against
this, thousands of letters and
notes, received by the Soviet
delegation from United States
citizens, testify to the sincere
agreement of ordinary folk in
the United States with the pro
posals which were aimed at the
preservation of international
peace and security."
»
i
> V
tioned the fact that the Mufti had
been at Bierut, but did not refer
directly to the Council's actiOh.
Dr. Garcia Granados declared "it
is not possible for any one to re
frain from condemning hie un
scrupulousness, his cruelty or the
violent, merciless means that he em
ploys, or the doctrines of hatred
that he preaches."
The Guatemalan departed from
his prepared text to say he had
noted from press dispatches that
the Mufti was back in Beirut.
The debate before the Palestine
Committee was resumed amid these
developments :
1. A spokesman for the United
States delegation said Delegate;
Herscnei V. 'Johnson would deliver!
the American policy statement on
Palestine tomorrow forenoon.
2. Dr. Herbert V. Evatt of Austra
lia, Palestine Committee chairman,
said he was aware of developments;
abroad, but expressed the hope that!
the Palestine debate would continue'
"in an orderly way."
Commission to Apply
Stringent Measures to
Guard Loyalty File
Civil Service Officials
Fear Similar Leaks
Might Ruin Program
By Joseph Young
Stringent new measures to
guard the confidential nature of
its loyalty "lead" file will be
undertaken by the Civil Service
Commission, it was learned
today. 1
The commission is extremely anx
ious to avoid another "leak," such
! as the one which enabled the House
I Executive Expenditures Committee
w mai me iiaiiico vu ouille
members of Congress were in the
file.
The civil service commissioners,
who said they did not know the
names were there, have agreed these
names do not belong there and
should be removed. But they are
fearful similar "leaks" might in
volve the names of othér persons
and would injure innocent people as
well as ruin the effectiveness of the
loyalty investigative program.
Informant Unknown.
The commission's task is not an
easy one. for one thing, its offi
ciais have yet to discover who sup
plied Chairman Hoffman of the
committee with the information.
And it is by no means certain the
commission ever will And out.
Mr. Hoffman yesterday gave &
clean bill of health to the commis
sion's employes, declaring he did
not get the information from any
of them. But the commission will
check its investigatory employes
anyway to determine whether they
are all trustworthy.
Some officials believe former com
mission employes might be involved.
It was pointed out that, during the
war, the commission hired hundreds
of investigators to check on the mil
lions of workers who got Govern
ment jobs.
Had Access to Files.
When the war ended, most of the
investigators were dropped owing to
lack of funds. These employes, for
the most part, had access to the
files and know the names listed.
If one of these employes is in
volved, commission officials concede
it will be most difficult to prevent
future leaks.
One thing that probably will be
done is a thorough rechecking of
the file list, with the removal of
names "that shouldn't be there."
Commission officials acknowledged
that some of the wartime investi
gators were a Dit too zeaious m
placing names in the file.
"We had some investigators of
liberal persuasion who considered
any one to the right of center as a
reactionary and hence a potential
Fascist," a commission official said
today. "On the other hand, we had
(See LOYALTY, Page A-3.)
2 to 6 Years Imposed
On Numbers Charge
District Couu Justice Edward M.
Curran today imposed what is be
lieved to be the heaviest sentence
on gambling charges in recent years
' when he sent Jenkins J. Hammond,
49, to jail for two to six years on
several numbers charges.
The sentence was one of the
few in recent years in which de
fendants have been sent to jail.
Usually judges in both District
Court and Municipal Court impose
a fine and a suspended sentence
with probation.
Hammond, colored, of the 500
block of Second street N.W.. has
a past record of convictions on
gambling charges.
U. Ν. to Ignore
Red Boycott of
Balkans Watch
Vishinsky's Threat
Fails to Stop Debate
On New Commission
By the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. l(j.—De
spite a Russian boycott threat,
the United Nations went ahead
today with creation of a "watch
dog" commission in the turbu
lent Balkans.
The blunt Soviet announcement
of no co-operation, delivered to the
Assembly's 57-nation Political Com
mittee by Deputy Foreign Minister
Andrei Y. Vishinsky in angry tones
yestft-day, was followed quickly by
similar statements from Poland,
Yugoslavia, the Soviet Ukraine,
White Russia and Czechoslovakia.
The Vishinsky statement came in
the midst of another violent attack
on the United States-sponsored Bal
kahs commission and left delegates
momentarily stunned. However,
Chairman Joseph Bech of Luxem
bourg calmly called for the debate
on commission membership to con
tinue. Premier Raul-Henri Spaak of
Belgium and American Delegate
Herschel V. Johnson then remarked
tartly that the Soviet decision was
to be regretted, but there was no
cause to turn back.
Soviet Bloc Won't Join Work.
Moscow's move means that the
Soviet bloc of countries will not
take t>art in the election to the
commission or in its work. Further,
most observers interpreted the step
to mean that any group sent to the
Balkans by the U. N. would never
get a foot on the soil of Albania,
Yugoslavia or Bulgaria, the three
countries accused in a Security
Council Commission's report of
fomenting unrest on Greece's north
ern borders.
"The special committee with the
policies put before It is directly
contradictory to the principles of
the Charter," Mr. Vishinsky shouted
in his courtroom-manner. "The
Soviet delegation, speaking for the
Soviet government, declares it can
not take part in this committee and
cannot take part in the election of
this committee."
Mr. Vishinsky's speech was a sequel
to Wednesday's 34-to-6 committee
decision authorizing the Balkans
commission. Still remaining to be
decidêd were the makeup of the
body and whether the authorising
resolution would condemn by name
Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Albania.
May Alter Lineup.
Aside from general confusion, the
only apparent result of the Soviet
boycott threat was a move by the
United States to alter its suggested
lineup for the group and strike out
Russia. Noting that Russia would
not serve, Mr. Johnson said simply
that he could not press his proposal
that all five major powers, along
with six small countries, be saved.
Poland also was on the American
list originally.
Before actuallv functioning. the
new commission must wfn approval
of a two-thirds majority of those
present and voting in a plenary ses
sion of the 57-nation Assembly.
However, the real battles generally
are fought in committee, with the
full Assembly approval merely a for
mality.
Should the commission be ap
proved eventually, as anticipated,
and Russia go through with her
threat, it would mark the second
major Soviet boycott in U. N. his
tory. Moscow has refused to attend
meetings of the Trusteeship Coun
cil, one of the basic organs created
in the U. N. Charter, on the ground
that its makeup was illegal. The
council has continued to function
regardless.
The biggest temporary boycott by
(See U. N„ Page A-5.)
French Workers Strike
Over Sugar Sent to Reich
By th· Associated Press
PARIS, Oct. 10—All civil em
ployes in Nancy and 12,000 miners
in Briey, Damecourt and Auboue
were reported to have struck today
in protest against the shipment of
150 truckloads of sugar to Germany.
The shipment passed through Nancy
last night. I
The French press agency said a
general strike of 600,000 people in
the entire department of Meurthe
et-Moselle had been called, but
Communist headquarters insisted
the strike call was issued only for
Nancy and the immediate vicinity.
.Earth Shocks Recorded
NEW YORK, Oct. 10 (Λ1).—The
Fordham University seismograph
recorded two."fairly severe" earth
quakes at 2:45.02 a.m. and 2:55.26
a.m. today about 6,400 miles from
New York in an undetermined di
rection.
Vessel With 3,028 War Dead
Docks in San Francisco Τoday
Most of Bodies Are
Those of Victims
Of Pearl Harbor
By th· Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 10.—A
gray transport slips through the
mists of the Golden Gate todaj
with the bodies of men who died
in World War II—the first to fall
and the first to come home.
A Nation's grateful tribute awaitec
the first funeral ship returning the
war dead—most of them victims ol
Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
which sowed American cemeteries
all over the world.
The transport Honda Knot, in
bound from Honolulu, carried 3,028
bodies. In addition to the Pearl
Harbor dead, the ship also bore
some who died in later battles in
China, India and Burma.
In all, nearly 300,000 Americans
*
Flags at Half-Staff
On Federal Buildings
To Honor War Dead
I
Flags on all Government
buildings are at half-staff to
day in tribute to war dead ar
riving from the Pacific area, at
San Francisco. They will re
main at half-staff until sun
down.
Officials announced the flags
would be flown at half-staff
again when each succeeding
transport .carrying war dead is
, due to arrive.
lost their lives in World War II.
Actually the conflict cost more—the
figure does not include the missing
or those who died as prisoners. The
Honda Knot and a transport from
Europe, due in New York October
(See WAR DEAD, Page A-4.)
«
Λ
Lewis and Hutcheson,
Beaten in Council,
Snub AFL Banquet
Federation Recommends
Abolition of Its 13
Vice Presidents
By James Y. Newton
Star Staff Correspondent
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 10.—
John L. Lewis and William L.
Hutcheson, president of the
carpenters' union, snubbed the
AFL's annual convention ban
quet last night after their new
alliance had suffered twin de
feats before thç Federation's
Executive Council.
The two men who at one time
controlled a majority segmept of
American organized labor were said
to be the* only top APL officials
absent as President William Green
and more than 1,200 other Federa
tion people took part in a dinner
and dance at the Civic Auditorium
here.
Their absence from the affair was
noted widely and given significance
by earlier threats to pull their large
organizations out of the AFL un
îé»ss t.hpir vipws nrpvnileri on kev
issues before the convention.!
Neither was willing to comment
earlier and neither could be reached
today.
Were Soundly Beaten.
The two former big men of the
AFL were soundly beaten as the
Executive Council took the following
actions:
1. Decided to recommend to the;
convention the abolition of all but
two elective posts—president and
secretary-treasurer—as a means of
getting around Mr. Lewis' refusal
to sign a Taft-Hartley Act non
Communist affidavit necessary to af
ford protection of labor law to 292,
000 members of so-called "Federal"
unions. Such a move would shear
off 13 vice presidential posts, in
cluding ones occupied by Mr.
Hutcheson and Mr. Lewis.
2. Refused by a vote of 12 to 2 to
recommend to the convention sus-1
pension from the AFL of the Inter
national Aliance of Theatrical State
Employes (stagehands) which has
been engaged In a long Hollywood
jurisdictional battle with Mr. Hutch
eson's carpenters over who should
erect movie sets.
Mr. Lewis and Mr. Hutcheson, it
was learned, were the only ones who
voted for the motion in the closed
session which was introduced by Mr.
Lewis for Mr. Hutcheson. Mr. Green,
president of the 15-man council, ab
stained from voting.
Next Move Uncertain.
There was no direct indication as
to the next moves of the defeated
pair, but those who know Mr. Lewis
pointed out it would be out of char
acter for him to give up without a
further battle. Conservatives in the
AFL still doubted that he would
"take a walk" with 600,000 miners,
but many here were not so sure. In
any event the defeats presaged a
lively fight when the two issues
reach the convention floor next
week.
TViie /rtnvpnHnn has u/itnpssprf t.hp
first occasion in years that any one
in the AFL has spoken out against
Mr. Lewis and Mr. Hutcheson.. Mr.
Hutcheson is said to have lost sup
port of the AFL s Building Trades
Department, which he in the past
has controlled. Opposition to the'
Lewis-Hutcheson combine is led by
ι See AFL, Page A-3. ι
Young and Truman Discuss
District's Budget Problems
COMMISSIONERS resume budget
paring. Page B-l
John Russell Young, president of
the Board of District Commission
ers, discussed budgetary matters
with President Truman today, but
told reporters later that any details
of the conversation must come from
the President.
Mr. Young said the "whole local
situation" was canvassed and that
"President Truman as usual is very
co-operative."
He explained that the items on
which emphasis was laid were thoee
which have a bearing on the Fed
eral Government's fiscal relation
ship to the District.
The Commissioner said he had
asked for the interview with the
President—which took about 20
minutes—to get his views.
Anderson Repudiates Stories
He Minimized Food Saving
Secretary Backs
Luckman Program
Completely, He Says
By Joseph A. Fox
Secretary of Agriculture An
derson today flatly repudiated
statements attributed to him in
Chicago yesterday minimizing
the importance of the meatless,
poultryless and eggless days em
bodied in the administration's
food conservation program.
Leaving a cabinet meeting at the
White House, Mr. Anderson told re
porters he was "in complete agree
ment" with President Truman and
Charles Luckman, chairman of the
Citizens' Food Committee, in the
iteps undertaken to save food for
£%ope.
While expressing a disinclination
to accuse a press associaition re
porter of misquoting him at a Chi
cago press conference, Mr. Anderson
said his remarks had been ''taken
out of context" and added that
"anybody who could take some of
the tilings ana twist tnem around
Dewey Opposes Food
For Europe af Cost
Of American Health
Crisis Can't Be Solved
By Vague Generalities,
Governor Declares
By the Associated Press
ITHACA, Ν. Y., Oct. 10.—Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey warned the
Nation today against "thought
less or badly planned generosity"
in feeding Europe at the expense
of American health.
An undeclared contender for the
1948 Republican presidential nomi
nation, Gov. Dewey declared that
"pleasant or vague generalities will
not do the job" of solving the world
food crisis.
Gov. Dewey, in radio broadcast,
did not refer directly to President
Truman's program for voluntary
public food rationing.
"We need and we want to do our
honest share to feed hungry people
overseas until they are better able
to help themselves," Gov. Dwey said,
but "we have at the same time a
prior and a binding obligation to
see that no American is poorly fed
as a bitter result of thoughtless or
badly planned generosity on our
part."
"Millions of our families have al
ready been scrimping on food to the
limit.
"The high cost of living has forced
some of them to change their living
habits to a point which actually
threatens their health and vitality."
Gov. Dewey participated in the
dedication of a new unit in Cornell
U ill ν ci oit j a ui nuviiwuii.
Representative Hope, Republican,
of Kansas told the gathering there
had been "too much emotion and
too little thinking" about high food
prices.
"There is nothing unusual in the
behavior of farm and food prices
during and since the war," he
asserted.
Gov. Dewey implied that the rest
of the Nation well might follow New
York's lead in promoting "better
use of what we have" rather than
emphasizing lower consumption.
He created a State Pood Commis
sion last week to help the public
"adjust" to conservation and high
prices.
D.C.-Bound Pennsy Train
Derailed in Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 10.—Three
cars of the Pennsylvania Railroad's
Legislator, New York-to-Washing
ton passenger train, were derailed in
Southwest Philadelphia today. Rail
road spokesman said no casualties
were reported.
The last two coaches and diner
of the 13-car train left the rails at
11:10 a.m. as the Legislator made
a routine crossover from one track
to another, a Pennsylvania Railroad
official said. The derailed cars re
mained upright.
By th· Associated Press
SECRETARY ANDERSON.
as was done certainly did a great
job."
Mr. Anderson pointed out two in
stances in which, he said, the quota
tions attributed to him did not re
flect his intent.
In one instance he was said to
i (See ANDERSON, Page À^T)
Restaurant Men Balk,
Ask Food Board Head
To Modify Demands
Meatless, Eggless Days
Encounter Opposition
At Secret Conference
With restaurants in Washing
ton and elsewhere in the Nation
generally reluctant to adopt
meatless, eggless and poultryless
days, the National Restaurant
Association has asked Charles
Luckman, chairman of the Citi
zens' Food Committee, to modify
his demands for all-out com
pliance with that part of the
food conservation program, The
Star learned today.
George R. Le Sauvage, chairman
[of the association's Government Re
lations Committee, flew to Wash
ington yesterday for a secret con
ference with Mr. Luckman in which
he reported the . general dissatis
faction of restaurant groups throuh
out the Nation. Mr. Le Sauvage
also is a member of th? Citizens
Food Committee.
Special Meeting Called,
j The Washington Restaurant As
sociation called a special meeting
of its Board of Directors for this
afternoon to discuss dissatisfaction
with the program and what to do
about it, according to Robert J.
Wilson, executive secretary.
There was no indication whether
the local group would follow the
lead of the San Francisco, Chicago
and Texas associations—all affili
ated with the National Restaurant
Association—and flatly refuse to
comply with the Tuesday-Thursday
program.
Even as Mr. Le Sauvage and Mr.
Luckman were conferring in the old
State Department Building, the
Golden Gsfte Restaurant Association
of #an Francisco called President
Truman's request for meatless,
poultryless and eggless days "dicta
torial" and refused to comply with it.
Capitol Group Cautious.
The Washington group, while noc
openly refusing to comply, has
carefully sidestepped any move thar
could be contrued as "telling" its
members what to do. They were
advised in a food convervation pro
gram released last night to "com
ply as far as possible" with the pro
gram in general, leaving it up to
individual restaurants to comply or
not with the Tuesday and Thursday
plans.
Mr. Luckman, it was learned, was
noncommittal on Mr. Le Sauvages
request yesterday to modify the
plan. Mr Le Sauvage will return
Monday jrith the full 21-member
National Restaurant Industry Ad
visory Committee, presumably for
a frontal assault designed to con
vince Mr. Luckman that he should
modify » the Tuesday - Thursday
aspect of his program.
The restaurant group wants, as a
minimum, Mr. Luckman's public
(See CONSERVATION, Page A-5.)
ÛI
Crop Prediction
Today Expected
To Ease Outlook
Tjuman Calls'Less'
Day$Vital and Ur9es
Furthe^,Sfl^^
By the Associated Press
The Government looked anx
iously to a new crop forecast to
day for a possible boost in the
corn yield estimate which would
ease the world grain shortage.
Despite signs of improved Mid
west crop conditions, President
Truman clearly was not banking on
any great gain. Public observance
of meatless and eggless days to
save the grain that would be fed
to poultry and live stock is of "vital
importance" in easing Europe's hun
ger, he told his weekly news con
ference yesterday.
The President's comment was
sharply at variance with a state
uivuv αΐ/biiUULCU LU OCCreiary OX
Agriculture Anderson at a news con
ference in Chicago. Mr. Anderson
was quoted as saying "mere observ
ance of any one day means little."
Chairman Charles Luckman of
the Citizens' Food Committee, wait
ing for the verdict from distillers
and brewess on his drastic con
servation proposals for their in
dustries, said Nation-wide co-opera
tion is essential to "the saving of
peace."
Report Due at 3 O'Clock.
The new crop report, closely
guarded within the Agriculture De
partment and awaited with unusual
eagerness, was due for release at
3 p.m.
It contains the department's esti
mate of production of all major
crops as of October 1.
An increase of 100,000,000 bushels
or so in the corn estimate, above the
2,403,913,000 forecast a month ear
lier, would go a long way toward
making up the foreign deficit while
maintaining a high level of live
stock production in this country.
Corn was plagued by cool, wet
weather at planting time and by
lack of rain in midsummer. The
production outlook on September 1
indicated the crop might be the
smallest since the severe 1936
drought, and 27 per cent smaller
than last year's record crop of 3,
287.000,000 bushels.
It was this prospect which led
Mr. Truman to call on Americans
to conserve food — particularly
cereals and livestock products pro
uutcu iiuui grains—so acuie ioreign
needs might be met.
Corn Reports Encouraging.
Reports from the Midwest indi
cate corn has shown some improve
ment since Septembèr 1 and has
made good progress in maturing.
Because of the lateness of much of
the crop, officials had expressed
concern earlier over the possibility
that frosts might catch it.
Should the corn estimate be in
creased 100,000,000 bushels or more,
the Government might confront the
question whether to continue the
food program calling for meatless
Tuesdays and poultryless and egg
less Thursdays.
Thq conservation drive is designed
to save at least 100,000,000 bushels
so that exports might be increased
to 570,000,000 bushels by next
June 30.
While Agriculture Department of
ficials refused to be quoted by name,
they expressed the belief that the
public would be asked to continue
saving for three reasons:
' (1) To make more than 570,000,000
bushel^ available for shortage areas,
(2) to prevent further advances in
food prices at home, and (3) to help
maintain a wheat reserve for use in
event next year's crop should turn
out poorly.
Truman Sees Vital Need.
Mr. Truman, in his news confer
ence yesterday, replied with some
warmth to the question of whether
he considered meatless days of "no
importance" in solving the food
crisis.
A reporter had phrased the ques
tion in that fashion when the Pres
ident abruptly choked off an earlier
request for comment on the state
ment by secretary Anderson which
was interpreted as minimizing the
value of the "less" days. Mr. Tru
(See FOOD, Page A-3.)
Crown Princess Juliana
To Take Oath Tuesday
By the Associated Press
THE HAGUE, Oct. 10—Crown
Princess Juliana will take the oath
as regent Tuesday before Parlia
ment, which today unanimously
; adopted legislation permititng Queen
Wilhelmina to transfer royal power
'temporarily because of her health.
Sunday Reading . . .
Probably few Americans
realize the extent of our ex
ports to Soviet Russia during
*hese days when the American
w.agle and the Russian Bear
seem to be in complete dis
agreement about almost every
thing. Richard L. Stokes has
written for The Sunday· Star
Editorial Section an article on
the volume and nature of this
surprising commerce. Other
far-flung parts of today's
complex world also are treated
in the same section.
The local scene is dressed
up in autumn colors in a Vir
ginia countryside cover on the
Pictorial Magazine and the
rest of the supplement is filled
with a variety of pictures and
stories of unusual interest.
Along with these are the
usual features on books, art,
j the theater, music, stamps and
the many other special-inter
est subjects. Look for them
all in
QMjr 0unùay Star
V *
Mi

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