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Considerable cloudiness, with some sunshine ' Gllide fOT Readers this afternoon. Highest. 78. Cloudy, with ' ' naU®‘ 9 some fog late tonight and tomorrow mornine I . Fa&* , Fage Midlt,puiireportonwcA-2i sr.nte.c-iiu sssr tz ■' ! N,°°n.73 Editorial -A-10 Society, Clubs ..B-3 fia'm’ " S 1?a m- —7° 1p.m. ...77 Editorial Articles A-ll Sports ..C-l-3 . ...68 11a.m. ...71 2p.m. ...78 Finance ..A-17 Where to Go B-16 Lote New York~MorketsrPoa7~ir. 17 Inland Found -A-3 Woman's Page .A-26 a t~»TZ Z ~ _ _ An Associated Press Newspaper An. 5<,785 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1947-SIXTY PAGES *** ju, Home Denver,. d.«, ^ —---_-----'_’___ * X x XXVJXJKJ. " $1.20 a Month. When 6 Sunda,i. $1.30 ® IxEjJN.XO Britain Appeals To Russians on Little Assembly Compromise Proposal Urged on Vishinsky In Shawcross Speech Tlvt, BULLETIN LAKE SUCCESS (A>>.—Russia charged today that “the United States respects neither the Charter nor the principles of the United Nations.” The charge was made before the Assembly’s Political Commit tee by Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko. iy th« Associated Pres* LAKE SUCCESS. Oct. 17._ British Attorney General Sii Hartley Shawcross today ap pealed to Russia directly to ac cept a British compromise on Secretary of State Marshall’s program for overhauling the 'peace-keeping machinery of the United Nations. In a speech dripping with sar casm Shawcross accused Russia's Andrei Y. Vishinsky of making an "excursion into the realms of fan tasy in opposing the American plan for a continuous year-round sitting of the 57 nations as a sort of “Little Assembly.” At the same time, however, he urged Vishinsky to meet the British half way in trying to put an end to “vehement and inflammatory speeches” and in finding a middle of-the-road approach to the "Little Assembly” proposal. Puzzled by Opposition. Declaring that he was unable to understand Russia's bitter opposi tion to the American proposal, Shawcross told the General Assem bly s 57-member Political Commit tee: “Mr. Vishinsky conjured up a blood curdling picture of warmong ers and Fascist beasts, goblins and ghosts, engaged in some dark plot, some deep machination, to subju gate and set aside the charter of the United Nations in order to pre vent the Soviet delegation exercis ing the veto in the altruistic way it always does, for the protection of. I ■am afraid, most ungrateful small powers. “That exciting excursion into the realm of fantasy was not. of course, intended. for the benefit of this committed, but for that of an audi ence as far removed from this com mittee as it is from the realities of the existing world situation.” Charge Made 17 Time* He said Vishinsky had declared no less than 17 times, by actual count, that the “Little Assembly” plan was a “flagrant violation” of the U. N. Charter, but added that “mere repetition, however extravagantly expressed, does not lend substance to an empty argument.” Shawcross said he feared that Vi shinsky’s real objection was not for legal reasons, but because he thought it "undesirable that world opinion should have an opportunity of ex pressing itself more than is abso lutely necessary.” “Why is ’Ht.” he asked, “that our friends—for we want them to be our friends—are so frightened of discussion—for discussion is, after all. all that we contemplate here? "What nonsense it is to say, as the Yugoslav delegate said, that this committee tthe "Little Assem bly''! would be dominated by the United States, the tool of a bloc of great powers.” Close Palestine Vote Seen. Meanwhile, the United Nations cleared the way for tackling pro posals aimed at solving the Pales tine question. The official recorc showed an almost even division among delegates on the plan to par (SeeTi. N., Page A-4.) Sun to Break Through With Mercury in 70's The sun will break through this morning's fog and clouds to bring the thermometer to the high 70s this afternoon, according to the Weather Bureau. The humidity which was 100 per cent at 7 a.m. is expected to stay above 90. Tomorrow the same weather will t. _ _i_* __~ uc ic^coitu, bvw* raster. There will be more fog and clouds, with the mercury reaching a low of 68, then It will become sunny and warm again. Sunday Reading . . . Harry Lundeberg, iron-fisted boss of the Pacific Sailors’ Union (AFL1, has emerged with a closed-shop contract for his seamen despite restric tions of the Taft-Hartley law. He claims it has Senator Taft’s approval as a barrier against communism. Star Labor Edi tor James Y. Newton, writing from the West Coast, presents in Sunday’s Editorial Section an interesting study of this rough-and-tumble leader. Russia’s top diplomats have been in the spotlight of world affairs for many months now and Associated Press Staff Writer Cynthia Lowry reports they get that way by merely “doing what comes naturally.” In a searching survey of Rus sia’s diplomatic setup, she writes that the commissariat for fpreign affairs is “the “loud-talking cast in a serious drama—with world power as its theme.” Her story also ap pears in the Editorial Section. These and many other ar ticles, including pages and columns on current books, amusements, sports, art, so ciety, music, etc., supplement the usual thorough and ac curate news content of #unhag &tar Upside-Down Flight Is Blamed On Ground Control Test in Air CAB Says Pilot, Since Resigned, Caused Dive of Airliner Near El Paso October 8 By W. H. Shippen, Jr. Aviotion Editor of THt Star Experimentation by a pilot1 with the ground controls while] in flight was blamed by the Civil Aeronautics Board today lor the j incredible maneuver which sent a fully loaded four-engined American Airlines passenger transport through the first half! of an outside loop nine days ago i near El Paso, Tex. The report revealed how the in verted transport, with 43 passengers and luggage hitting the ceiling in the cabin, and two of three pilots, bouncing about the cockpit, was rolled out of its upside-down position | a few hundred feet above the ground ' by a co-pilot who had been strapped; into his seat before the plane took a dive. At the same time American Air lines announced the resignation of the pilot, Capt. C. R. Sisto, who is alleged to have tried out the ground gust lock controls while in flight. Capt. Sisto was in command of the craft. Two passengers from Washington, Charles H. Colvin, a consultant with the President’s Air Policy Commis sion, and Mrs. William E. Dalton, 1323 Clifton street N.W., were among the passengers en route to Los Angeles in the DC-4 transport when the maneuver occurred Oc tober 8. First statements by the pilots in dicated the automatic pilot had (See PLANE7 Page-A-3J u. y Requests U. N. To Establish Korean Election Commission National Assembly Would Be Picked in Move to Speed Independence BULLETIN LAKE SUCCESS <#). — The United States formally asked the United Nations Assembly today to speed Korean inde pendence by setting up a spe cial commission to observe an early Korean election of a national assembly. By the Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 17—The United States’ answer to the Russian proposal that American and Soviet occupation troops be pulled out of Korea almost im mediately was reported ready today for submission to the United Nations Assembly. Advance plans called for Russia to be formally notified, along with • Britain and China, before the Amer ican .resolution was filed. Officials | said they assumed the notice was \ given. Proposing a step-by-step arrange ment for carrying out the wartime Allied pledge to restore independ ence to Korea, the resolution asks United Nations' observation rather than direct supervision of the process, American sources said. Soviet Plan Offered Last Month. The windup of the military occu pation which has split the country into separate Soviet and American zones would be left to negotiation with a Korean regime to be set up after election of a National Assem bly under the eyes of a United Nations commission. Russia's unexpected proposal that troops be ordered out, by January 1 was submitted last month to a joint United States-Soviet commission at Seoul, which for more than two years has been deadlocked over ar rangements to establish a provisional government. American opposition to immediate withdrawal of troops was said au thoritatively to parallel American objections to immediate British withdrawal from Palestine. The re sult would be a vacuum likely to produce disorders, in the American official view. Advance notice to Russia, Britain and China was decided on because these, with the United States, com prise the Big Pour Pacific powers which under the 1945 Moscow agree ment undertook to establish Korean independence after a live-year trus teeship. U. N. Assistance Sought. American authorities have made the point that this Government, in turning to the United Nations, wras seeking advice and assistance in breaking the deadlock. There was said to be no intent to bypass the Pacific Big Four. Meanwhile, United Nations dele gations have been asked by an un official group from South Korea to consider a draft resolution which calls for strict U. N. supervision both of elections and of withdrawal of occupation troops. American au thorities rejected the idea of direct supervision in framing the United States resolution, on the ground that the primary responsibility be longed to the Big Four and that the U. N. lacked adequate facilities. Russians Demand Ouster Of Seoul Police Chief SEOUL, Oct. 17 (JP).—Russian Col. Gen. T. F. Shtikov demanded today that Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge. Amer ican commander in South Korea, remove Seoul Police Chief T. S. Chang immediately for making “inimical attacks” on the Snviet i delegation to the joint American ' Soviet Commission. The commission is deadlocked over proposals to unify American-oc cupied South Korea and Soviet occupied North Korea and to estab lish a Korean provisional govern : ment. Secretary of State Marshall recently urged that the Korean issue be placed before the United Nations ! Assembly. Gen. Shtikov. head of the Rus (See KOREA, Page A-4.) Engine Failure Over Ocean Delays House Members By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Oct. 17.—The Air Transport Command said today the engine of an ATC plane bearing 16 members of a congressional com mittee had failed yesterday while flying from the Azores to Bermuda, but that the plane was able to turn back and land safely. The plane, a four-engined C-54, was 400 miles out of Lagens in the Azores, the ATC said, when one engine quit. The members of Congress boarded another ATC plane and resumed their flight to Bermuda, arriving this morning. They are expected to reach Washington National Airport at 11 a.m. tomorrow. t t I Agreement Reported Near to End French Maritime Walkout Nearly 40,000 Off Jobs In Demand for 15 Pet. Increases in Pay BULLETIN PARIS (/P).—The government and union leaders announced : tonight they had reached an agreement which probably ! would end France’s two-day seamen’s strike tomorrow. »Vy the Associated Pres* Paris, Oct. 17.—Government delegates and union representa tives said today they were near ing an agreement aimed at end ing a maritime strike which has tied up French ports since yes terday morning. Nearly 40,000 maritime workers! were off the job, demanding 15 per, cent pay increases. A special government committee convened in midafternoon to try to I find a formula for ending a strike ot 30,000 transport workers, whose' demands for more money have tied i up the buses and subways of Paris since Monday. Workmen hurriedly tried to repair nine of the subway system’s 12 gen erators which officials said were •’sabotaged’’ during the night. Rep resentatives of two small independ ent unions, which voted yesterday to return to work, were invited to attend today’s meeting. CGT Fights Back-to-Work Move Premier Paul Ramadier had an nouneed earlier that he Intended to requisition enough electricians to get the subway under at least partial operation, but company officials said this would do no good unless the generators were repaired. The Communist-dominated Gen eral Confederation of Labor tCGT) continued its exhortations to mem bers to disregard the back-to-work pleas of the government, which has refused to discuss the wage issue until the strikers get back on the job. The first break in the four-day old strike came late yesterday after noon when seven buses began run ning on the line linking the Eiffel Tower area with the suburbs. Re sumption of the service came after two independent unions voted to re turn to work. Nine-tenths of the transport em ployes who participated in the origi nal walkout still remained on strike, however, and there appeared no im mediate possibility of their volun tary return. Rail Strike Averted. Informed sources said Mr. Ra madier was considering requisition ing sufficient help to get the im portant Vincennes-Neuilly subway line, which crosses Paris from east to west, running during the day. He also was represented as hopeful of getting at least two more bus lines operating. A threatened strike on the gov ernment-operated railwavs was averted yesterday when Mr. Ra madier persuaded workers to ne gotiate requested pay increases di rectly with the hational railway or ganization. At the same time he staved off an impending walkout off (See FRENCH, Page A^37) ~ — Brazil Reported Planning Break With Russia Soon By the Associated Press RIO DE JANEIRO, Oct. 17.—A high Government source said to day that Brazil would break diplo matic relations with Russia shortly. He said an official announcement could be expected within 72 hours. The basis of the break, the in formant said, will be Russia’s lail ure to give satisfaction asked in a recent Brazilian note seeking an explanation of attacks on President Eurico Gaspar Dutra, the Brazilian Army and the government by Izves tia, the Soviet government news paper. i New Tax Claims Follow Casey's No Contest Plea U. S. Declares Former Roosevelt Aide Owes Additional $105,000 By Associated Pres* BALTIMORE, Oct. 17.—Almost immediately after Eugene B. Casey, wartime administrative assistant to President Roosevelt, entered a nolo contendere (no contest) plea on a charge of evading $70,380 in income taxes for the years 1941-1943, the Gov ernment today brought claim for an additional $105,000 In back income taxes. Casey, 40-year-old Gaithersburg farmer, engineer and real estate operator, already has been tried in Federal Court on the original charge, but the .jury failed to agree. Today's plea was made when the case was called again for trial. When the Government accepted the nolo contendere plea and Judge W. Calvin Chesnut started hearing testimony, internal revenue agents said they found Casey owes $282,912 in addition to the $213,000 he al ready has paid on the earlier claims. Filed Amended Return. They said he admitted in the five day trial last spring that he was worth about $2,500,000 but had been ' practically broke” in 1932, so they did some rechecking. Just before he was indicted, Gov ernment witnesses said, Casey filed in amended return for 1941 in which be reported income of $106,000. They said their new investigation shows le should have reported $196,000. Similar discrepancies for 1942 and ■' EUGENi B. CASEY. —,Harris & Ewing Photo. 1943 leave him owing $105,000 in ad litional taxes, the agents said. Pen alties on these discrepancies and the iarlier ones, plus $31,000 in interest, aring the total to $282,912. Casey admitted at the trial he ‘inadvertently” overlooked items of ncome and said his returns were Drepared by an “unsuitable” ac :ountant. He explained he didn't inspect the -eturns because he was too busy on wartime missions for President Roosevelt. He resigned as a White House aide in 1944 to enter the Navy. While pleading innocent in the original trial, Casey’s attorney said 'we are practically in complete agreement with the Government in his matter. The vital matter is: Did he fraudulently make up his in come tax return? We say no!” Casey said he once broached to President Roosevelt the subject of taking off some time to prepare his income tax. “Gene.” Casey quoted the late President as replying, "is it more important for us all to work toward the preservation of our defenses on ( See CASEY, Page A-4.t Serving Child Beer Suspends License 21 Days The Alcoholic Beverage Control Board today suspended the license uf Kelly’s Restaurant, 1801 L street N.W., for 21 days on a charge that a waitress served a small glass of beer to a girl only 2 years and 9 months old. Ths suspension goes into effect at 8 a.m. Monday, Octo ber 27. During the hearings, which were neld before the ABC Board, Police man Howard Dudley, No. 3 precinct, testified that he observed Mrs. Annie Kelly, wife of the proprietor draw two regular beers and a two-ounce glass of beer. The beers were served to Mr. and Mrs. Nick Boudoulos, 1334 Columbia road N.W., and the small glass was placed before the baby, Patrica Ann, the policeman said. He added that the child drank it. Mrs. Kelly denied that the baby drank my beer, but said she gave the :hild a small glass of Coca-Cola which she did drink. 1 Phoned Directions Save Man Locked in Vault by Robbers oy me associotvo rres* DETROIT, Oct. 17.—While an expert relayed directions by telephone, George H. Turner, 52, a hotel night clerk, won a race against time early today and escaped from an air-tight vault where bandits had imprisoned him for 40 minutes. Two armed men, both in their 20s, took *140 from Mr. Turner’s cash drawer and ordered him into the vault in search of more valuables. When they failed to find any, they slammed the door shut on the clerk, jamming it “I turned on a light but I couldn’t find any way to get out." Mr. Tur ner explained. "I started yelling and kicking the door.’’ a noiei guest neara Mr. turners shouts and police were called. When Sergt. Hugh Judge was un able to force the door, he telephoned a safe manufacturing Arm and was referred to an expert who gave him instructions by phone. “The policeman called through the door and told me what bolts to un screw.” Mr. Turner said. “But I didn’t have a screw driver. I tried some coins but they were too thick. It was getting harder to breathe all the time. “I started looking tlfrough the vault compartments and found a bunch of keys. One of them was thin enough to work as a screw driver. By this time my head was beginlng to pound. I don't think I could have kept my senses much longer." I D. C. Prepares Suit to Regain Renting Control of Armory Commissioners Send Ultimatum to Gen. Cox Branding Show Lease as 'Completely Illegal' The Corporation Counsel’s of fice has been busy for a week preparing for a legal showdown with the District National Guard in the battle over financial con trol of the Armory’s huge drill hall and awaits only the go ahead signal from the Commis sioners before bringing suit in District Court. This development was brought to light following disclosure by the Commissioners yesterday that they had sent a sternly worded ultimatum by special messenger to Brig. Gen. Albert L. Cox, commander of the District National Guard, demanding that he immediately tuftt over to 'the city all funds collected for rental of the hall. In their letter to Gen. Cox, the Commissioners branded as “com pletely illegal'’ the curious arrange ment whereby the Home Build ! ers’ Association contracted to pay $8,500 to a hastily formed Guard benefit group, the Headquarters De tachment Association, to-lease the hall for their current show. The Commissioners demanded imme diate delivery of the $8,500, which was paid October 7, and all other sums received for use of the hall. All the papers in the fight for control of what was originally planned to be Washington's largest (See ARMORY, Page A-47) CIO Re-elects Hurray By Acclamation Again; He Rejects AFL Bid Mokes Jibe at Lewis as 'Bulging Man Sitting by =* The Side of the Road' By the Associated Pres* BOSTON, Oct. 17.—Philip Mur ray was re-elected president of the CIO by acclamation today and promptly rejected the latest invitation to return to the AFL with caustic remarks about John L. Lewis. Commenting on the fact that William Green, AFL president, had issued a previous invitation to re join the AFL, Mr. Murray said. “So did that other bulging man," refer ring to Mr. Lewis. Alluding to differences between the United Mine Workers’ president and other AFL leaders, Mr. Murray said Mr. Lewis is “sitting by the side of the road, and he’s lamenting his position." Mr. Murray then declared: "May be in the spirit of ego or in a flour ish of bombast he might stick his oversized chest out and say some unkind things about me. “But who the hell am I? I just happen to be a simple-minded in dividual with enough strength in my forehead to make the sien of the cross.” Mr. Murray spoke after the CIO convention had re-elected him in a cheering demonstration. Carey Also Re.-elected. James Carey was also re-elected secretary-treasurer without opposi tion. Yesterday, in San Francisco, Mr. Green appealed to the CIO to “come back” into the organization. “Bill said that last spring,” Mr. Murray commented. “So did that other bulging man.” , ■ ' He added, “we want unity, but the CIO is not willing to make a sacri ficial goat out of Itself. We don’t want to go through the process of destruction.” Mr. Murray again demanded a special session of Congress to re store rationing and price control and to place "every racketeering specu lator” behind bars. The CIO chief said that in fail ing to call Congress into session ‘ the (See CIO, Page A-3.) V/hattheRussians Are Saying of Us: The Moscow radio, broadcasting in Russian to the Soviet Union, said: “The American monopolists know the Soviet Union is the main protagonist of the principle of the equality of rights of all nations, the main force prevent ing them from carrying out their aggressive plan. That is why the mubL rcauiiouaiy pan ui nuici i can monopolists has Unleashed a campaign of slander against the Soviet Union, and has raised a ballyhoo about the inevitability of a third world war. For. to a capitalist, a war is'first of all a wide market for his goods and a source of new profits. “A special part among those propagating the idea of a new war, and urging an attack on democratic countries, is reserved r to American newspaper trusts and radio stations controlled by monopolistic circles.” \ Truman Expects Busy June (It's Campaign Time) President Truman expects to be pretty busy next June, which, by a coincidence, is about the time the presidential campaign will be get ting into full swing. The President jokingly mentioned the summer outlook today when Ed ward Phelan, director general of the International Labor Office, called at the White House and asked the President to attend the annual con vention of the ILO in San Francisco next June. Asked what Mr. Truman said, Mr. Phelan responded: "He didn't say no, but he said jokingly that he ex pected to have a very busy program at that time.” Another White House visitor today was Edward J. Flynn, Democratic national committeeman from New York, who said he just dropped by to pay his respects, adding the President "told me some of his trou bles and I told him some of mine.” ■---— Government Accused As Major 'Offender' In High Housing Costs Condones 'Inflationary Labor Practices/ House Prober Declares By Joseph Young Chairman Gwinn of the House Labor subcommittee investigat ing restrictive practices in the | building industry charged today I that the “Government itself” was one of the “worst offenders” in keeping housing costs ex cessively high. • The New York Republican was joined by the other two members of his subcommittee, Representative Owens, Republican, of Illinois and Lucas, Democrat, of Texas, in con tending that the Government Is contributing to high housing costs by “condoning inflationary labor practices” in the building field. “I think our investigaton will show that the Government itself is the worst restrictive element we have 'to contend with,” Mr. Gwinn declared during the testimony of Raymond M. ,Foley, administrator of the new .Housintr and Home Finartce Agency, which is now the top Government agency in the housing field. Mr. Gwinn said the Government was directly or indirectly involved in nearly half of the home building now going on and he asserted that it could take steps to prevent "waste ful” labor practices. Criticizes “Featherbedding.” The New Yorker was critical of such "featherbedding" union prac tices described by Mr. Foley and other witnesses as the refusal to use more modem and efficient tools, the “archaic” practice of refusingl to teach apprentice workmen more! modem methods and other prac tices designed to spread out the work. Committee members contended that the Government had the au thority to crack down on such practices in all housing activities' in which it is involved. • Mr. Foley said a more funda (See HOUSING, Page A-3.) i (| O.C. Heads Pick Board Of Citizens to Advise On Alcohol Clinics First Task of Group Will Be to Aid on Choice Of Psychiatrist (Pictures on Page B-L) By George Kennedy The long-awaited Citizens’ Advisory Board in the establish ment of alcoholic clinics in Washington under the Hebert bill was appointed today by the Commissioners. The appointments are: Donald Clemmer, director of the District Department of Corrections; Dr. Winfred Overholser, superintendent of St. Elizabeths Hospital: Munic ipal Court Judge Walter J. Casey, chairman of the Washington Com mittee for Education on Alcoholism; Mrs. George C. Thorpe, a member of the Advisory Board of the same organization; the Rev. Seth R. Brooks or the Universalist National Memorial Church, and E. Goring! Bli#s, assistant general manager of the Chesapeake & Potomac Tele phone Co. The Hebert bill provides that “the Commissioners shall appoint a com mittee, to be composed of six out standing residents of the District of Columbia, to advise and consult with the Commissioners and to as sist them in carrying out the pro- j visions of this act. The members of the committee shall serve with out compensation and shall serve for a period of one year and until ■ their successors are appointed." The bill authorizes the courts "to take judicial notice of the fact that a chronic alcoholic is a sick person in need of proper medical, institu tional, advisory and rehabilitative treatment.” It increases the fees on licenses for the sale of alcoholic beverages; m the District by 10 per cent and turns the money over to the clinics to be established. It is estimated that this will realize $75,000 a year to initiate a program of rehabilita tion. The Hebert bill was introduced by Representative Hebert, Democrat, of Louisiana, after a committee under his chairmanship had made a study of District penal institutions after the jail breaks of last year. It was supported by The Star, which1 gave it the spotlight of news and editorial attention from its intro duction in this Congress. The personnel of the committee was heartening to friends of the movementj.o change from the age (See ALCOHOT.Tf! r!T.rNTf! Do AL-ji Three Men Get $55,091 In Mine Payroll Holdup By the Associated Press BIRMINGHAM, Ala., Oct. 17.— Three bandits robbed a coal mine payroll office of $55,091 today. The robbery was at Sayreton mine of Republic. Steel Corp. and took place a few minutes after the whis tle blew beginning the morning shift. Wood Cooper, 30, a plant guard, and G. C. Calloway, payroll clerk, were in the pay office when the three bandits, all dressed in miners’ clothing, approached. Mr. Calloway said one, not masked, stuck a pistol through (the window and ordered the door opened. The other two robbers, both masked, en tered the door and ordered Mr. Calloway and Mr. Cooper inside the washroom and locked the door. When the two men battered the door down a few minutes later, the three robbers had gone with pay envelopes for 719 miners. Late News Bulletin Prisoner Escapes A prisoner being escorted by deputy marshal from a sec ond-floor celiblock to the clerk’s office in Municipal Coifrt ecaped this afternoon and now is being sought by police. The prisoner was identified as Benny Melrin, 36, colored, who was on h's way to post bond on a housebreaking charge. 1 Program Calls » For Ample Beer Industry Sets Saving Goal at 650,000 Bushels a Month COLLIFLOWER NAMED head of District Citizens' Food Commit tee, Page B-l By th* Associated Press The Nation’s br£tyers set out today to save more than 650,000 bushels of grain a month for export to Europe without creat ing a beer and ale shortage In this country. They hope to be able to meet that goal by the use of substitutes for corn, wheat and other grains which the Citizens' Food Committee is trying to conserve. Top representatives of the brew ing industry have agreed to curtail their corn consumption 25 per cent for three months starting November 1. and to use no wheat, table grades of rice or edible barley and to stop buying sorghum grains during that period. A spokesman for the United States Brewers’ Foundation, which advanced the program to Charles Luckman's Food Committee, said the agreement reached last night will not necessarily mean a drop in production. Must Find Substitutes. That will hinge, he said, on the success of individual brewers in finding supplies of such grain sub stitutes as potatoes and cassava, a South American plant rich in starch. Mr. Luckman put it this way: "The program will not result in a beer shortage and is not expected to cause any unemployment.'^ Meanwhile, Attorney General Clark said he expects to comment soon on the Justice Department in vestigation of grain speculation. Mr. Clark, leaving a cabinet meet ing at the White House, was asked about President Truman’s disclosure Detroit Housewives Save Bread Slices, Some 'Pretty Stale' fty the Associated Press DETROIT. Oct. 17.—Detroit ers can use some education on President Truman's food-sav ing plan, members of the new City Conservation Committee decided today after receiving telephone calls from several housewives who reported they had saved 20 to 30 slices of bread. “Some of it is getting pretty stale—are you going to collect it or do you want me to take it to an agency somewhere?” one woman asked. to a news conference yesterday that the department is investigating alleged gambling on grain and cot ton exchanges. Probe Started Week Ago. The Attorney General told re porters the inquiry only started about a week ago, but that he “probably will have something in a week or 10 days.” He said he was in Chicago earlier this week, but did not elaborate. The largest grain futures markets is in Chicago. Both the brewers and the food conservation chairman were ob viously pleased by their conservation agreement, which came after several days of talks, the last one lasting nearly seven hours. Mr. Luckman tackled again to day the problem of what can be done by the baking industry, whose officials have been conferring with him daily. Aides said he expects to announce a program under which the bakers will conserve 3,000,000 bushels a month. uamuiares llll i CA5CU, The agreement with the brewers raised Mr, Luckman's estimates of the savings to be effected in bever age alcohol industries to at least 12,000,000 bushels and possibly as much as 23,000,000. The over-all goal of the “waste less” food pro gram is 100,000,000 bushels. Earlier. Secretary of Agricul ture Anderson expressed “grave con cern" over the gloomy outlook for the winter wheat crop to be har vested next spring. Mr. Anderson said the Government may find it necessary to put less emphasis on ex port of grains and concentrate on the more plentiful foods even if it takes more Government dollars to do so. He had in mind dried fruits, dried eggs, dried beans and peas. The secretary said reports from Kansas. Oklahoma and Texas indi <See POOD, Page A-4.1 —. ■■ — — Truman in Error On Wheat Export, Figures Reveal President Truman had his figures mixed when he told his news con ference yesterday that the United States always exported about a third of its wheat crop, statistics show. Last year this country did export just over a third—400.000,000 bushels out of a total production of 1,155, 715,000 bushels of wheat—except for 1920 it was the only year since 1915 that exports accounted for a third of the crop, according to Ag riculture Department figures. In three of the last 13 years, the United States actually imported more grain than it exported. These were the drought years of 1934-1936, when imports exceeded exports by about 60,000,000 bushels. During the late '30s and early '40s exports aver aged less than 10 per cent of the crop. There was nothing further frcm the White House today to clear up the President's statement. Report ers asked Presidential Secretary Charles G. Ross about the apparent discrepancy and received a “no com ment" answer.