Newspaper Page Text
' " '• > * .
Weather Forecast Guide for Readers Mostly sunny, with highest about 66 this * W * * afternoon. Clear and cool, lowest 52 tonight. Page. »8e; Tomorrow partly cloudy and a little warmer. Amusements ...B-22 Obituary -A-4 (Pull report on Dage A-2.) Church News. A-7-10 Radio -_.B-21 lUHnirrhi so c. m in i, en Comics-B-20-21 Real Estate—B -1 -13 S Ram ’"tn Ll Editorial ._A-6 Society, Clubs....A-7 4 a m' 4r ,na'm' " sfi Ni^m'"''fi7 Editorial ArUcles, A-7 Sports _A-ll 4 a.m. ...48 10 a.m. ...56 1p.m. —67 Lost and Found-A-3 Where to GO....B-12 ___An Associoted Press Newspoper 95th YEAR. No. 57,793 Phone NA. 5000._WASHINGTON, D. C., « SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1947—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. ★* 5 CENTS Probes Started Into Utah Plane Crash Kilting 52 Flaming Airliner Fell 1,500 Yards Away From Landing Strip Ry the Ass^. wted Pre** BRYCE CANYON. Utah, Oct. 25.—Six teams of experts probed carefully today through charred wreckage of a United Airlines DC-6 plane in an effort to de termine the cause of the crash which yesterday took the lives of 52 persons. Representatives of United Air Lines. Douglas Aircraft, the plane’s manufacturer: the Civil Aeronautics Board and other Federal agencies teamed off according to their in dividual abilities. Experts on electrical installations, fuselage design, engines and other features of airplane construction sought to learn the source of the fire which caused the plane to plum met to earth just 1,500 yards from the emergency landing strip to ward which the pilot was heading. Probers Tight-Lipped. The investigators were tight lipped. They refused to hazard opinions on the mishap. All bodies were left at the scene until this morning, with guards posted to protect them from coyotes, pending an inquest. The New York-bound, four-en gined ship, Flight 608 from Los An Fgeles, smashed shortly after . noon near the rim of Tropic Canyon, in Bryce Canyon National Park, and exploded, scattering wreckage and bodies over several hundred yards. Plane Plows Fiei^ Swath. Trailing smoke and flames for at least 22 miles before it crashed, the big plane plowed a smoke-blackened swath for 800 yards alongside State highway 22, just east of the Bryce Canyon Airport. The scene is in Southern Utah, about 275 miles south of Salt Lake City. The engines, scorched and twisted. | were thrown 200 to 300 feet beyond the burned area. A piece of the tail, j 15 to 20 feet long, was the largest part of the craft remaining. The bodies were burned and un recognizable for the mcyft part. Two; infants and 21 or mor|f women were j among the victims One of the women was an exp^tant mother. The remains wpre flung across the 7,300-foot plateau or blown into the 200-foot deep ianyon just behind the impact point. Pilot Reported Fire. Caplr. fe. L. McMillen, Balboa Park, Calif., the pilot, reported by radio at 12:21 p.m., a few minutes before the crash, that Are had broken out, probably in the plane's baggage compartment, and that the cabin was filled with smoke. Five minutes later the veteran of 15 years of flying on Western routes opened his microphone and re ported : “The tail fire is going out. We may get down and we may not. Best place we can * * The airport tower here reported at 12:32: “* • * Fire one mile east.” The ship had just skimmed across the top of Tropic Canyon to the sloping top of a long, sagebrush covered plateau, seconds of flying time from the landing strip. Concussion Heard for Miles. Concussion from the explosion was felt clearly 5 miles away. Black oily smoke billowed into the air. Among prominent persons aboard the ship were: Jack Guenther, 33. New York, managing editor of Look magazine; William A. Galvin, New York, vice (See PLANE. Pace A-3.) Severe Fighting Reported On Kashmir State Border By Associated Press NEW DELHI, India, 04 25.—A Northwest Frontier Province official reported today severe fighting had broken out along the western border of Kashmir State. He said the town of Muzzafarabad was in flames. Kashmir’s western border districts of Poonch and Mirpur, whose popu lations are predominantly Moslem, were reported in revolt following rumors that the state's Hindu Ma harajah might decide to join the Dominion of India. There has been no official indication yet whether Kashmir would join Indian or Mos lem Pakistan, or remain independ-j ent.. The Northwest Frontier govern ment, acting on orders from the gov ernment of the Dominion of Pak istan, is attempting to prevent tribesmen from crossing the border to aid their fellow Moslems in Kasmir State, but the province’s publicity officer said it was difficult to control the situation in the mountainous area. I ( > Terse Messages Tell Of Doomed Plane's Final Moments By the Associated Press CHICAGO, Oct. 25.—United Airlines headquarters in Chi cago announced receipt of these terse messages from the pilot yesterday shortly before 'the DC-6 crashed in Utah, killing 52 persons: 12:21 p.m.—“We have baggage fire aboard. We are coming to Bryce Canyon. We have smoke filled plane. Unable to put out fire yet.” 12:26 p.m.—“The tail fire is going out. We may get down and we may not. Best place we can -.” 12:27 p.m.—“May make it. Think we have a chance now. Approaching the strip.” The airline said the CAA re ported at 12:32 p.m. that Bryce Canyon said there was "a fire 1 mile east of Bryce.” Reporter on Fire-Ringed Peak Tells of Bar Harbor Desolation D.C. Residents' Homes Burned; Exhausted Men Pray for Rain By Newbold Noyes, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent CADILLAC MOUNTAIN, Me., Oct. 25.—You can stand in the smoky moonlight on top of this fiery mountain—the highest point on Mount Desert Island— and trace all around you in the predawn darkness a blazing track of destruction. It is moving slowly now. Since 6 p.m. yesterday when a 40-mile-an hour wind blew itself out, the men around that scorched perimeter have been pretty well holding their own. No one on this island, however, believes the danger is past. When the wind started blowing Thursday, the fire around Hulls Cove, which had been smouldering two days, was almost, out. Now there is no'wind. But if it came back today—and un less the rain comes—the flames could travel 3 miles to Seal Harbor or 4 miles to Northeast Harbor in less than an hour. Or they could come back to Bar Harbor and fin ish the job they began Thursday night. ' Men Praying for Rain. That is what the men down there know. And that is why they are holding crossed fingers up to the wind and praying for rain. Up and down the sides of this mountain, the green landmark of the region, fires are licking their slow way. Most of them are small, (See NOYES, Page A-2.) Natives Fear Owners Of Ruined Mansions May Not Rebuild By Herman F. Schaden Star Staff Correspondent BAR HARBOR, Me., Oct. 25.— Nature is branding on *the face of beautiful Mount Desert Island a ghastly scar that man may never heal. Stark skeletons of magnificent homes—the summer mecca of mil lionaires—now stand as unsightly monuments to a great fire that still I is running wild on some parts of the island. The cost runs into the millions, inestimable in cold figures, incal culable in the economic and esthetic future of the North Woods wonder land. One cannot appraise this loss from afar. He must drive down Eden street, once the paradise of the opulent, and see etched on the background of., verdant firs and spruces chimneys bleakly rising three stories into the smoky sky. Nothing more than chimneys and fireplaces. Here but a day ago stood the mansions of the Dam rosches, the Rineharts, the late Henry Morgen thaus, sr., and a score or more of others. Whimsical Destruction. Whimsical in its destructive course, the fire has ravaged one dwelling, spared another seemingly as vulnerable, and leaped across roads to level others. The week-old terror has ranged down the East Coast of the island for 15 miles, clearing a iy2-mile strip, and now is eating further in (See SCHADEN, Page A-2.) Picnickers Cautioned Against Fire Menace As Drought Continues Day and Night Patrol Of Parks Is Ordered, With No Rain in Sight New warnings against the threat of fire in drought parched wooded regions of the Washington area were issued today as the Weather Bureau re ported no rain in sight for the eighth straight day. The brief drizzle last week resulted in only .02 of an inch of rain, the bureau said. The last appreciable rain fell here on September 26, bu reau records showed. Twenty-eight consecutive days without rain in 1901 set the District’s drought rec ord, officials said. National Capital Parks officials have ordered police on day and night patrols of parks here and cleanup men have been alerted to watch for brush fires. Picnickers issued permits by the District Rec reation Board also are being warned to observe all fire precautions. Leaves Are Greatest Danger. Irving C. Root, superintendent of the service, said the greatest danger to Washington parks is from dry leaves. The park service, meanwhile, es timated it will take 50 years to re establish forests burned at Acadia National Park in the fire that swept through Bar Harbor, Me. The agency is using Army planes to fly park and forest service personnel to the stricken region. Temperatures in Maine are near 20 degrees today, the Weather Bureau said, adding to the danger of other fires. Considerable humidity was regis tered in Washington today, lessening the fire danger, the bureau said. Mid 60s Forecast for Today. Today will be mostly sunny, with temperatures in the middle 60s, the bureau said. The mercury is ex pected to drop to the low 50s to nightt, with more cool and cloudy weather in prospect for tomorrow. The low today was 48 degrees at 4 a.m. Maryland firefighters were kept busy yesterday by 13 scattered blazes, but all were brought under control by nightfall, Ft ate Forester H. C. Buckingham reported. The worst fire was a 20-acre blaze near Galt in Kent County. Firemen quelled another brush blaze near Fairfax, Va. Lane Issues Appeal. Gov. Lane today asked citizens of Maryland not to bum debris in or near forests until after a steady rain, and not to toss cigarettes or matches from automobiles. He said special precautions should be taken to prevent further outbreaks in Maryland's sizeable forest areas. An appeal to motorists, campers and picnickers to pay special at tention to the fire danger also came from the American Automobile As sociation. The organization partic ularly cautioned against building fires when it is windy. Shinwell Declares Britain Must Turn Farther Left By the Associated Prut DUNDEE, Scotland, Oct. 25.— War Minister*Emanuel Shinwell de clared today that Britain, now ruled by a Labor government, must turn still farther left to win the struggle for economic recovery. “Those people who thing that the country is again turning to the right are mistaken,” he told the annual conference of the Scottish Labor Party national executive. “What the country needs is a stronger turn to the left, and I am certain that unless this happens we shall discover in the next few years that our situation will be more serious than it is at the present time.” Mr. Shinwell linked British and European recovery directly to the reconstruction of Germany which, he said, must be rebuilt along social ist lines. “There is no hope of permanent recovery so long as Germany re mains a festering sore,” he said. * President Declares Maine Disaster Area, Orders FWA Aid President Truman today de clared the entire State of Maine a "disaster area” and di rected the Federal Works Agency to send in surplus prop erty to aid the homeless vic tims of fire. This will include blankets, cots and shelter at this time and later building materials and perhaps food, Maj. Gen. Philip B. Fleming, Federal Works Ad ministrator, said after asking the President to act. Gen. Fleming said he took the step after communicating with Senator White, Republi can, of Maine, and Gov. Horace A. Hildreth, who had asked Government help. Turkey Cancels Plan For Immediate Reply To Russia in U. N. Cancels Request to Speak Today, but Reserves Right To Make Answer Later By tha Associated Pret* LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 25.— Turkey unexpectedly scratched her name from the list of last round speakers In the United Na tions “warmonger” debate today, but reserved the right to answer later any charges the Soviet bloc might make. This development came as the 57 nation Political Committee of the U. N. Assembly began the third day of debate on a Russian .resolution condemning “warmongering.” which the Russians charged is being car ried on particularly in the United States, Turkey and Greece. Committee President Joseph Bech, Luxembourg, announced in conven ing the session that the list of speakers was closed. Turkey had asked to speak, but withdrew with a reservation to answer any of the 12 speakers yet to be heard after they had finished. Russia was listed as the last speaker. Earlier Turkey and the Soviet Union had announced they would bring the diplomatic maneuvers of Hitler’s agents into the debate. There was still a likelihood this would happen when Russia speaks, thus paving the way for Turkey to take a similar step. As the tug-o’-war over the Soviet proposal continued, Czechoslovakia threw her support to Russia, but Belgium and South Africa spoke in opposition. , American delegation sources said they were confident the Soviet reso lution would be defeated. They said the United States would op pose all amendments to the Rus sian resolution. Thirteen speakers were scheduled to be heard yet and it seemed un likely that the Political Committee would be able to reach a vote today on the Soviet proposal. The Russian-Turkish flareup came yesterday as Mr. Vishinsky delivered one of his longest speeches. Earlier Mr. Sarper denied previous charges by Mr. Vishinsky that Tur key sought war, declaring there was no “warmongering” in Turkey. He (See U. N„ Page A-2.) Sweden, France Sign Pact PARIS, Oct. 25. <£>).—The signing of a new one-year commercial agree- i ment between Prance and Sweden was announced officially today. Bulletin Aid Parley Called Dr. John R. Steelman, as sistant to President Truman, i has called a private White House conference Monday of Government officials and ap- i proximately 90 leaders of bust- < ness and labor for a discussion of the Marshall plan. The 1 meeting Is planned as an off the-record session for the Interchange of views. Whether President Truman would par ticipate whs not disclosed. < \ ‘ V* Arsonists Sought As Rising Winds Fan Maine Fires 7th Hamlet Burns; Calm Night Helps To Check Flames ly the A ted Pres* BAR HARBOR, Me., Oct. 25.— A calm night gave battling crews a new defense foothold against the New England forest fire sweep but they were working fast today against freshening winds as police throughout the area hunted firebugs. Hard-hit Maine, with seven com munities destroyed, reported its busiest front today in Washington County and the Weather Bureau said winds may climb to 15 miles an hour. Washington County ad joins Hancock, in which this com munity is situated, to the northeast. A dip in temperatures below 20 during the night had left a light coating of frost on most of the wooded areas, slowing the flames. However, by mid-morning, the mer cury rose again to the 50s. Reported evidence of arson was being investigated by police from Cape Cod to Maine and Massachu setts was fighting two flareups in Falmouth on Cape Cod and Glou cester. This island resort reported its stand against flames “the best it has been” and police authorized Sam J. Sachman to open his clothing store to supply fire crews and emer- j gency workers. Survivors Barred From Area. Survivors who escaped in a Dun kerque-like sea evacuation are banned from returning for at least another 24 hours, Police Chief George C. Abbott said. A new report of a million dollar loss by the Mayor of Rochester, N. H„ brought the New England fire cost up to $27,000,000. Relief centers reported housing an estimated 2,500 fire-homeless in Maine. The Red Cross said the homeless displaced list might reach 6,000 and estimated that at least 506 perma nent homes vanished in flames, to gether with hundreds of cottages. The fires throughout New England contributed to a national death toll of 18, with 11 dead and 100,000 acres burned over in Maine. Even as Joseph A. P. Flynn, chief of the Maine Insurance Depart ment’s arson division said he had “well-grounded suspicions that some of the fires have been set,’’ police at Biddeford reported they were questioning a suspect. Candle Found Near Pine Needles. The youth was picked up after Biddeford police became suspicious of a fire which forced evacuation : Fire Chief Arthur S. O’Brien of West Falmouth, just outside Portland, said there was evidence a candle had been burning within an J inch of dry pine needles when it , was discovered by two Girl tlcouts ■ on a farm. He described its pres ence as a “clear-cut case of the , work of a firebug.” Deputy Sheriff Ralph C. Hosmer | of Standish said burning wood ( shavings had been found near a , wood lot in that town, but had been made harmless. , In Massachusetts Royal A. Gaw, - 24, was arrested for arson and sentenced to two months in the , House of Correction after admitting I he set a fire “on a dare” in the , North Reading woods. I Police in Wilmington, Mass., re ported they were questioning two boys about fires there. Last night Maine saw its seventh : community go up in flames—the tiny j hamlet of Unionville in Washington J County. * The fire stopped at the Jones- | boro border, veered toward Machias ' and leveled several buildings. 1 Bar Harbor, scene of a small-scale Dunkerque Thursday night, ap- ‘ peared like a “ghost town" today. ] Few Women Left in Town. Palatial homes, once the show places of the millionaires’ summer playground, lay in ruins. Haggard men walked listlessly around, seek ing some trace of their property. There were few women in the town. Most of them were in Ells (See BAR HARBOR, Page A-12.) ‘ -- s Cleveland Man to Head Editors' Association By tha Associated Press * DETROIT, Oct. 25.—Stanley P. Barnett of the Cleveland Plain Dealer was elected today as 1948 chairman of the Associated Press Managing Editors’ Association. He succeeds A. Y. Aronson of the Louisville Times. William P. Steven of the Minne apolis Tribune was named vice chairman, while Lee Hills of the Miami Herald was picked as secre tary and Herbert P. Corn of The Washington Evening Star as treas urer. The association, which ended a four-day meeting here today, did not pick a 1948 meeting ■ site but left the choice to future action by its Executive Committee. 'Hostile Witnesses’ In Red Probe Prepare To Answer Accusers Four Screen Writers Due To Follow Eric Johnston On Stand on Monday The film industry inquiry by the House Committee on Un American Activities was in re cess today, but the so-called “hostile witnesses” were busy preparing tactics for their ap pearances on the stand when the hearing resumes Monday. Most of the "hostile witnesses," so labeled by Chairman Thomas of the committee, have heard them selves called agitators, Communists or "party liners" by the "friendly witnesses” who testified during the first week of the public hearing in the crowded House caucus room. Four of the former, Screen Writ ers John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Dalton Trumbo and Emmett Lavery, are scheduled to be heard Monday after testimony by Eric Johnston, head of the Motion Pic ture Association of America, who is considered friendly by the com mittee. The parade of witnesses who tes tified ^jiuring the first part of the hearing included Actors Adolphe Menjou, Robert Montgomery, George Murphy, Robert Taylor and Gary Cooper and Producers Jack L. Warner, L. B. Mayer and Sam Wood. In general they agreed Commu nists were active in the film capi tal, particularly among the writers, but had little success in getting Communist propaganda onto the screen. Chairman Thomas has stated he will not let attorneys for witnesses (Continued on Page A-4, Column 3.) Hughes Schedules Tests For Big Flying Boat By the Associated Press LOS ANGELES. Oct. 25.—Plane Builder Howard Hughes announced today that the launching and taxi tests of his huge $25,000,000 wooden flying boat, which has been lashed to a graving dock in Los Angeles harbor for many months will be held November 5 to 10. The announcement was made in telegrams sent to Senators Brewster, Fergusqn, Cain and McGrath of the subcommittee investigating Mr, Hughes’ Government contracts. WhattheRussians Are Saying of Us: The Moscow radio, broadcasting in English to the United Kingdom, said: “Before the war there used to be swarms of United States tour ists traveling about Europe. They would roam with a bored air through museums and art gal leries, pick up souvenirs and leave dollars in exchange. But times changed and now it seems that ' it is United States Congress men who are traveling about Europe on tours of investiga tion. “They do not care about sou venirs and do not leave any dol lars. They only promise and that very vaguely. In the mean time they present perfectly defi nite terms to the European countries and without any undue squeamishness either. Any means will serve to attain their end and so hunger is exploited for ends of blackmail and postwar disruption for political pressure.” Suspect in $225 Safe Robbery Seized on Nearby Fire Escape A suspected safe robber was cap tured by policemen early today as he clambered down the fire escape of a deserted building adjoining the National Cash Register Co. at 1219 K street N.W. after the company safe had been looted of $225. The door of the company safe had been forced open. About $25 in change in a money bag was re covered from the suspect, police said. A second man is believed to have been with him, but police said they could find no trace of him. About $875 in a cash box in the safe was overlooked by the thieves, police said. The suspect, listed as Christian Garrison Crawford, 38, colored, of I \ » the 1200 block of T street N.W. Is being held for investigation. The arrest was made about 6 am. after two company porters reported j to work and heard pounding noises in the rear of the building. The j men, Wilson Buchanan, colored, of ! 847 Twenty-first street N.E., and , James Robinson, colored, ^ of 4338 Sheriff road N.E., called police. , Policemen Charles A. Morris and William R. Shelton, of the second ( precinct, reached the scene first in j their scout car, and were joined by , three other scout cars. A cordon was thrown around the block. i Pvt. Morris said he heard the ] sound of running feet on the floor , (See ROBBERY, Page A-3.) i Wheat Drops Below $3 Mark; Other Commodities Decline Heaviest Supply of Bread Grain in 5 Years Contributes to Slump at Chicago ■y the Associated Press Three - dollar wheat disap peared in trading on the Chicago Board of Trade today as needed rains fell In major winter wheat States and the call for a special session of Congress continued as a price-depressing factor. However, cotton prices, which dropped sharply yesterday with grains, pushed higher on the New York futures exchange. After plunging the permissible limit yesterday, grains opened strong today. The rise was based on fail ure of President Truman to mention any specific measures for combat ting Inflation in his radio talk last night. A reaction set in after trading was underway, however, and near the end of the first hour wheat Was 1% to 3Va lower than yesterday’s close, December wheat selling at $2.99 li. Corn was 2% lower to % higher, with December corn at $2.20 and oats were 1H to 3% lower, Decem ber oats selling at $1.13. Wheat had been selling above $3 a bushel all week. All classes of livestock were nom inally steady at Chicago. An Agriculture Department report showing wheat stocks totaling the highest for any October 1 except 1942 also was a depressing influence. The Agriculture Department also reported that domestic use of wheat during the first quarter of this crop year—July through Sep tember—was about 15,000,000 bushels less than a year ago. It apparently reflected a lower rate of feeding wheat to livestock than in the same period of 1946. Domestic use during the quarter was estimated at 215,000,000 bushels of wheat. If the average during the remainder of the crop year can be held to 225,000,000 a quarter, the goal of 500,000,000 bushels for export can be met, the department said. But domestic use is normally heav ier in the winter quarter and hence the conservation drive is counted on to help cut consumption so the export goal can be met. Regan Modifies Story Of Bunch 'Mauling' By Police in Cell Says He Made Charges In Hope of Payment And Aid of Newspaper Officials investigating the death of John Forrest ^unch revealed today that an inmate of the celL block in which Mr. Bunch was held for intoxication prior to his death in Gallinger Hospital August 4 had modified a sworn statement he gave Bunch family attorneys to the effect he heard police “mauling” the elderly carpenter ip his cell. Frank Paul Regan, 40, of no fixed address, in the last few days has told investigators, they said, that he told the lurid story to the attorneys because he had hoped to be paid by a newspaper and also hoped the newspaper would get him out of trouble in case he was arrested again. He discussed the Bunch case with his brother, John, Regan said, and when he was arrested for intoxica tion in October and again returned to No. 9 precinct his brother notified a newspaper. Later, one of the Bunch family attorneys, John R. Fitzpatrick, came to the precinct, Regan was quoted as saying, and put up one dollar of the amount re quired to get him out of jail. A for mer employer put up the remainder of the money, he said. In a signed statement given Mr. Fitzpatrick. Regan had said he heard police "mauling” Bunch, whose family contends he was beat en and neglected while in police custody. In his latest statements to homicide squad detectives and the United States Attorney’s office, Regan says the word “maul” was not his own, and did not convey the meaning he intended at the time. Regan denied he ever received any money for changing the original story given detectives. Regan, a former inmate of St. Elizabeths Hospital, with a long police record for arrests for intoxi (See BUNCH, Page A-2.) One Killed, 30 Injured In Texas Train Wreck ly the Associated Press MARSHALL, Tex., Oct. 25.—One trainman was killed and at least 30 passengers and crewmen of a west bound Texas St Pacific train were injured early today when the loco motive and six cars left the rails as the train was nearing the Jeffer son (Tex.) depot. The dead trainman was Identified as W. C. Dorr, the fireman, of Dallas. W. c. Allison of Port Worth, en gineer, was taken to a Marshall hos pital. The extent of his injuries was unknown. At least 29 passengers and crew members received first aid at hos pitals and clinics in Marshall and Jefferson. None was reported se riously injured. I Chinese Reds Attack UNRRA Craft Despite Conspicuous Marking By the Associated Press SHANGHAI, Oct. 25.—UNR RA’s China office said. today that one Chinese relief agency employe was killed and nine other persons narrowly escaped death October 18 when Chinese Reds "poured heavy rifle and machine gun Are” into an UNRRA motor dory and barge near Pengpu, Anhwei Province. C. F. Deyoe, Jetmore, Kans., UNRRA agricultural office, who survived the attack, said the UNRRA craft was conspicuous ly marked with a large white flag bearing the initials “CNR RA-UNRRA” in large Chinese characters. CNRRA is the Chi nese division of the relief agency. 70 Seized in Salonika As Red Terrorists ly th» Associated Press ATHENS, Oct. 25.—Seventy per sons were reported under arrest to day as the result of a police round up which was declared officially to have forestalled a “Communist ter rorist” revolt in the northern port of Salonika. An official announcement yester day said the conspirators carried arms or were sleeping with pistols under their pillows when they were taken into custody and that a sup ply of automatic rifles, pistols, car bines, cartridges, grenades, mortar ihells, dynamite and swords had been confiscated. The1 announcement said that under plans found in a print shop, the plot ters were organized into three groups each with its own officers, execu tioners and saboteurs and with specific objectives in its part of Salonika. These groups, the report declared, were in league with anti-government guerrillas in the northern mountains and their general design was to “plunge Salonika into chaos, dark ness and panic and to paralyze the state machinery.” Two Dead, 3 Burned In $400,000 Blaze By the Associated Prats CLEVELAND, Oct. 35.—Two men were killed and three firemen burned critically today In a $400,000 fire marked by spectacular explosions of paint products at the Perma Prod ucts Co. More than 100 firemen from 15 fire companies fought the early morning Maze and scores of spec tators ran for cover as large drums of paint and stain exploded, show ering sparks and flaming liquid over the neighborhood. Believed killed were Charles Bastar, 60, night witchman at the plant, and William Chavin, about 46, a shipping clerk. G.O.P. Indicates Rough Going for Truman Plans President Tells Nation Legislation on Prices And Relief Is Essential (Text of President Truman’s Address on Page A-2.) By Joseph A. Fox Congress was confronted to day with a demand from Presi dent Truman for quick action to preserve prosperity at home and prevent a debacle abroad—but rumblings from the Republican majority indicated rough going for the administration program. In a Nation-wide broadcast last night in which he told the American people the reasons for calling Con gress into special session, Novembe' 17, the President said that “the threat of inflation” here and “hun ger and cold in other lands” have cast new obstables in the way of world stability, and that "prompt and courageous action” is the only remedy. “Legislation by the Congress is es sential,” he continued. “The need is too pressing—the delay too grave— for Congressional action to wait un ■ til the next regulai session in Jan uary.” Asks $642,000,000 for Relief. When Congress meets, the Chief Executive continued, he will have a program for “dealing with inflation, high prices and the high cost of living.” He did not specify what lines this might take. t On the subject of foreign aid, he repeated what previously had been told to congressional leaders, that Prance and Italy will need a total of $642,000,000 to carry them through until March 31, when the administration is hopeful that the long-range program contemplated by the Marshall Plan will be ready to go into effect. In addition, he explained, more money will be needed for the occu pation areas—Germany. Japan and Korea—“in order for us to main tain our position.” This figure haa been placed roughly at $500,000,000— the sum mentioned in a speech last night by Army Secretary Royall. Halleck Charges “Politics.” As the President was outlining his position, the Republican opposi tion swung into action. Representa tive Hallack of Indiana, House ma jority leader, and Representative Wolcott of Michigan, chairman of the House Banking Committee, ac cused the President of “playing poli tics” by linking rising living coEts with foreign aid. Senator Flanders, Vermont, chair man of a House-Senate subcom mittee investigating the cost of liv ing, said the President "has stated our problem” on high prices but “has not given much help on how the thing is to be solved.” Suggestions from the Chief Exec utive now, he said, would give "a three-weeks running start for con gressional committees.” He added he thought Republicans had “better be working on some solution of their own.” Taber Has "Open Mind. Earlier in the day, Representative Taber, chairman of the House Ap propriations Committee, had con ferred at length with Mr. Truman, but to reporters afterward was non committal on the subject of the extra session, which he said he was approaching with an “op^n mind.” Senator Morse, Republican, of Oregon, was more favorable. He said he thought the President’s speech “very able” and predicted Congress would “meet it on the plane of co-operation it calls for.” He said the details of Mr. Truman’s program “should await his message when Congress meets.” The President placed principal emphasis in his speech on the eco nomic situation at home. “Startling figures” show how prices have advanced, he said, quoting a range up to 40 per cent— for food—since the middle of 1946, and placing the avefage for all Items at 23 per cent. Costs Still Mounting. "And the cost of living is still climbing,” he continued. “In the last three months it climbed at a rate of over 16 per cent a year.” Correspondingly, he added, whole sale prices are mqving up. “Millions of families,” the Presi dent asserted, are feeling the pinch despite the high employment level, and “when so many people are not .shaking fairly in prosperity the road is being paved for a recession or depression.” The President took issue with critics in Congress who have blamed prices on scarcities produced by the foreign aid program, declaring the “major cause” is the domestic de mand. Asks prompt Legislation. Explaining that he had urged voluntary action in the form of price reductions to cope with the situation, the President said the people now need the "protection” of the Government and "for this purpose prompt enactment by the Congress of comprehensive legisla tion is necessary.” Turing to the situation abroad, Mr. Truman declared that "the perils of hunger and cold in Europe make this winter a decisive time Id history." With an oblique dig at Russian charges in connection with the Marshall program, the President as serted that "it is nonsense to say that we seek dominance over any other nation. We believe in free dom and we are doing all we can to support free men and free gov ernments throuhout the world.” The President praised the people for co-operation in the voluntary food-saving program undertaken to buld up supplies for European aid and stressed that the call for the extra session “in no way reduces the necessity” for going ahead with this plan. \