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With Sunday Morning Edition. , WASHINGTON, D. C. Published by Tilt Evening Star Newspaper Company. FRANK B. NOYES, President. B. M. McKELWAY, Editor. MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. NEW YORK OFFICE: 110 East 4yd St. CHICAGO OFFICE: 435 North Michigan Ave. f _______________ - Delivered by Carrier—Metropolitan Area. Daily and Sunday Dally Only Sunday Only Monthly ..1.20* Monthly ... 90c 10c per copy Weekly .30c Weekly _20c 10c per copy •10c additional when 5 Sunday* are in a month. Also 10c additiosa! for Night Final Edition in those sections where delivery is made. Bates by Mail—Payable in Advance. Anywhere tn United States. Evening and Sunday Evening e Sunday 1 month ..1.50 1 month .- 90c 1 month 60c 6 months_ 7.50 6 months 5.00 6 months 3.00 1 year_15.00 1 year-10.00 1 year _.6.00 Telephone NAtional 5000. Entered at the Post Office, Washington, D. C., as second-class mail matter. Member of the Anocioted Fret,. The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local new* printed In this newspaper, as well as all A. P. news dispatches._ A—6 SATURDAY, October 25,1947 They Deserve Better Service The shortcomings in the administration of the Veterans’ National Service Life In surance program, as listed by the House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs in a special report, are familiar to many GI policy holders. They are also familiar to many former holders of NSLI policies. And the sad part of the situation is that the short comings have a direct bearing on the large number of lapsed policies. Experience has shown that many vet erans need to be encouraged to keep up their Government insurance after they return to private life. They have received encouragement in the form of advice from the Veterans’ Administration and from veterans’ organizations. But this often has been offset by the discouragement they have encountered in trying to keep their policies in force. Failure to receive pre mium notices or lapse notices, delays in having their inquiries answered, receipt of incomplete, confusing or incorrect infor mation when replies finally arrive and similar unhappy dealings undoubtedly have contributed to the alarming decline in policyholders. The number of policies has dropped from more than ten million in wartime to less than five million now. General Omar Bradley, veterans’ ad ministrator, has readily admitted the de ficiencies of the insurance program in testifying before congressional commit tees. He has expressed his determination repeatedly to improve conditions. The House* Veterans’ Committee suggests a change in top personnel of the insurance division, but there is no assurance that an official shakeup would help in a situation largely attributed by VA officials to per sonnel shortages and an unprecedented wory load. General Bradley made a help ful move when he ordered a decentraliza tion of insurance activities. Under the system more than a dozen regional offices have been established to deal direct with veterans in their respective areas. This has materially speeded up operations. Many veterans who received no premium notices at all when the Washington or New York offices were handling their policies are now receiving regular notices and receipts. Conditions are likely to im prove as the decentralization program is carried forward. The Veterans’ Administration should continue energetically and earnestly to reduce the time lag in answering corre spondence and to keep all insured veterans advised of when payments are due and when they are missed. The Government is doing a disservice to veterans and their dependents when, through inadequate ap propriations or administrative deficiencies, it contributes to the all-too-prevalent tendency among veterans to let their Gov ernment insurance go by default. Library Reading Groups The inscription over the door of the Cen tral Library of the Washington Public Library system is coming true in the group reading program which steadily has been developing since January, 1945. Through out the entire city the basic ideal of the library network as ‘‘a university of the people” is being translated into practical usage as one group after another organizes A fnoothnr the trill v irrpflt honks of the world. In approximately thirty months a thousand meetings of ninety groups with about twelve hundred in dividuals attending have been held for the consideration of selected texts. Dr. Scott Buchanan at first and Dr. John Powell and John Cheney more recently have set up a working pattern and methods which have implemented the over-all enterprise ef fectively. The program, in the judjm ..it of its sponsors, now has reached the threshold of its second phase, a point where a genuine community experiment in cul tural democracy may start. Leaders of ability have been brought forward from within the reading groups. These individuals are perhaps the most im portant product of the program. With disciplined intelligence, enthusiasm and devotion and in association with repre sentatives of several local higher educa tion agencies and the educational and li brary branches of the Federal Government, they are moving toward the setting up of a Council on Group Reading with commun ity-wide. connotations. The people al ready enlisted in the enterprise include scientists, teachers, department executives, self-employed business and professional men and women, artists and writers, print ers, clerical workers of every classification, college students, housewives and others. A long list of church, civic, labor, political and social bodies has been compiled to show the affiliations of the participants. Obviously, mere miscellaneous reading would not suffice to draw together so many members. The Bboks chosen for study have been over a hundred in number, and their authors range down the years from Homer to Henry Adams and John Dewey. No title has been selected simply because it has the reputation of being a classic. Only texts which have vital immediate concern for living Americans have been taken intc account. Most of the books are volumes that adults always have intended to read but somehow never actually have at tempted. Perhaps the reason for individ ual failure in this regard traces back fe its isolation, its “ivory tower” loneliness. The Library reading groups have demon strated that literature, so organized, is a social activity. By its very nature, it is gregarious in its power of attraction. The books are arranged in sequence, not chron ologically, but with regard for their con tributions to each other and to civilization at large. No attempt at supplying a fin ished philosophy is contemplated. What the experience does for the sharers in it is to clarify the issues with which a per sonal philosophy of life inevitably must deal. Summed up in a single sentence, the Library groups of readers are “bringing books to people and people to books in order to bring ideas to life and life to ideas.” The influence of this principle in practice should be a benefaction to Wash ington increasingly. If you, a reader, are interested in becoming a member of one of these groups this winter, call on the branch librarian in your neighborhood for information. Mr. Truman Blunders There was nothing in the President’s speech last night to dispel the original impression that Mr. Truman is guilty of what well may prove to be a tragic blunder in calling on Congress to deal with both the cost of living and emergency aid to Europe in the special session set for November 17. Y Y 11HUUU a UUUUl/, UUi UV7lllV,u Wv *vv structure is too high and this is an im portant factor in the mounting inflation that is eating into the consumer’s dollar. But it is equally clear that this condition cannot be materially affected by anything the Congress might do during the six week period between November 17 and the opening of the next regular session in January. Action on prices at the special session is not essential. If our economy has held up under the impact of excessively high prices until now, it is not going to collapse before January. Congress will meet in regular session then, and that is when it should take up the problem of inflation. But France and Italy cannot wait. If one accepts the President's own words, the point of imminent danger is to be found in those countries. France, the President says, can squeeze through until the end of December, but then the French must have $357,000,000 from us to carry them to next March 31. The plight of Italy is worse. Again according to Mr. Truman, the Italians must have from us $142,000,000 to tide them over until December 31, and then they will need an additional $143,000, 000 to get through the first quarter of 1948. If these are the facts, and the President says they are, it is a dismaying thing to have Mr. Truman link aid to France and Italy with the problem of domestic infla tion, and with priority given to the latter. Mr. Truman says that “the major cause of high prices in this country is the great demand among our own people for avail able goods.” What is Congress going to do about that in a six-week special session? Will the President have a program to pro puse UI1 XNUVCXIIUCr if UUU Wiil <UUUUUI more than an effort to saddle the Re publicans with blame for rising prices? The Republicans think not, and some of them impute to the President an ambition to play politics with prices at the jeopardy of European relief. That is an indictment of Mr. Truman which one cannot accept on the basis of the evidence. It is an indictment which asks us to conclude that the President would sacrifice the starving people of France and Italy for the sake of some partisan political advantage, and that is simply beyond belief. It is a fact, however, that the program of European aid can be scuttled by blunder as well as by design. It is idle to suppose that Congress, in six weeks, can evolve a program for lowering the price structure. It is equally doubtful that Mr. Truman will be able to propose any feasible way of doing it in that short period of time. If he cannot, then he should beware of seeming to want to put Congress in the position of “doing something” for Europe after failing to “do something” for the people of this country. The Republicans are not going to accept that political dis advantage, and Mr. Truman must know it. If anything is to be done for the people of Europe this winter, it is imperative that first things be put first. And the first thing is to keep starvation out of France and Italy. There is more than a little reason to doubt that Congress can get that much done in a special session. To ask that Congress do more, to insist that the legislators also deal with the enormously difficult problem of inflation before Jan uary, is a blunder of the first magnitude— a blunder which is all too apt to result in ' a needless political deadlock that will ! produce neither aid for Europe nor an answer to inflation. Mr. Taft Makes His Bid The principal effect of Senator Taft’s announcement of his candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination should be to put more pressure on Governor Dewey to step out of the relative seclusion of Albany and declare his own position With Harold E. Stassen busily looking foi delegates wherever he can And them, and with Senator Taft now in the ring, it seems unlikely that Governor Dewey can hold off much longer. Nor should he, for with momentous decisions to be taken in the next few months, the New York Governor if he intends to be a candidate, ought noi to be content with a policy which seems aimed at avoiding a declaration of his own views on the great issues of the day If he aspires to the presidency, the people have a right to know where he stands and they have a right to know that before and not after, the decisions have beer made. Senator Taft’s announcement of his candidacy also reveals the general line of his strategy. He undoubtedly will have the Ohio delegation, but he does noi intend to seek delegates in any othei State primaries. His preconvention cam paign will be made from the Senate, anc he will stand on his record there. He will of course, pick up such support as he car from other sources, but in the main hi will be made or broken by the course o events in the Senate. This is not thi worst position a candidate could be in It has its very obvious dangers, but i also has advantages—namely, that if thi Republican Congress can make a recori i which will appeal to the electorate, Sena tor Taft will be the undisputed beneficiary of that record so far as the presidential nomination is concerned. Perhaps the Ohioan’s greatest handi cap will lie in the impression that, despite his admitted ability and candor, he lacks popular appeal. It is hard for the politi cians to forget that in 1944, against a weak Democratic opponent, he carried his home State of Ohio by the slim margin of 18,000 votes out of a total of nearly 3,000,000. Sen ator Taft seems to think that his personal stock has gone up since the Republican Congress took office, but many of the party’s politicians remain to be convinced. Publicity Can Be Helpful It is natural that Arlington County officials should decry the “public furor” over the “Peanuts” Scheele case. It is bad publicity for the county to have it published that a large-scale numbers and race-betting establishment has been operating for an undetermined time under the noses of the police. It is bad publicity for the county police department to have it known that police had “investigated” Scheele's place on a number of occasions in the past and reported no evidence of law violation. Yet, when a resident volun teered to swear out a search warrant on the basis of his own knowledge of what went on at Scheele’s house, the Common wealth’s attorney and the chief of police were able to catch “Peanuts” with the goods. But the “Peanuts” Scheele case deserves the fullest publicity, harmful though it may seem to be for the county at first glance. It is too bad that Scheele’s opera tions have been able to escape effective investigation and attendant publicity for so long a period. Now that the lid is off and Scheele has confessed his guilt and been sentenced to jail, the investigation should be pressed with determination. For the Scheele case cannot be said to be closed as long as there remains doubt in the public’s mind over rumors of col lusion between police and gamblers. It was to get to the bottom of such rumors that Circuit * Judge McCarthy ordered the current grand jury investi gation of the Scheele case and related matters. Judge McCarthy Is correct In asserting that there are “few social growths so insidious and dangerous as the professional gambler.” Scheele himself is relatively unimportant. What is po tentially “insidious and dangerous” about the situation is the fact that he was able to operate without police interference for a considerable period. The grand jury should be able to determine whether this was because of police apathy, inefficency or something more serious. The public’s curiosity over this case is legitimate and justified. And the publicity which inevi tably follows is likely, in the end, to have a very salutary effect on what the court properly has termed an “unhealthy situation”. Ushers in a Western stadium are schooled in how to determine if the football fan is drunk. Taking a wild swing at another seven rows away is commonly accepted as significant. A housewife in Manchester, New Hamp shire, has a collection of 1,000 buttons, all different, which would be nice going for an established steam laundry. The persistence of that Florida big blow beats anything since the big bad wolf went calling on the three little pigs. Among other curiosities in the day’s news is a square egg, something for which no round robin would be responsible. This and That By Charles E. Tracewell “The early bird catches the worm." So goes the old saying, known as well as any proverb in the world, perhaps. But there are early birds and early birds, and one of the real ones was that first junco, or snowbird, on our block. He flew across the street in the morning, showing the white edges to his wings, and the soft, plump, light gray breast, a la Napoleon. He was early for the snowbirds, in fact, the first for this fall and winter, and he was strictly alone, as far as could be determined. Our location was his farthest South, of course. This was as far as he would go in his migration. One thinks so much in terms of the far South, when considering bird migration, that some times it gives one almost a start to realize that a bird which had lived all summer in the deep woods of the far North might fly 500 or more miles, maybe a thousand, and still be no farther South than nearby Maryland. * * * * The juncos are among the best birds we have, and usually we have dozens of them. Popularly supposed to fly in only just before a snow-, the little snowbird often belies its name by arriving weeks ahead of time. It is a cozy bird, liking doorsteps and small gardens. While it seldom visits feeding stations, af such, it is attracted by the sight of the other birds, spending much of its time seeking for food in its own way. Its food comprises weed seeds and insects the latter mostly at nesting time. Over half their food consists of weed seeds and since these are eaten mostly in fall and winter, the birds thereby prevent millions ol weeds irom germinating in me spring. In this way they render man a perpetual service, one which at times he may be inclined to discount, but which is great, nevertheless. Man is always helped by others, both worm; and angels, but with his well-known incivilitj he likes to pretend “that it ain’t so.” The curious glaze on the tips of the clouds may have been put there to charm him by a Master Hanc with color, but how easy it is for man to cry "Mere chance.” The snow on the gate post forms itself intc a fairy hat that nothing but an artist coule have conceived, but the sneer in the heart ol man says, ‘‘StufT and nonsense,” and lets the matter drop. The very intricate pattern of the very snow^ flakes, endlessly varied with the verve of ar inexhaustible mind, the carping nature of mai sets down to “physics” and nothing more. * * * * Each one of us has his chance in the fall o the year to see something in the world beside; chemistry and physics in operation. It is easier, then. The gayly colored leave call to us to stop and think, and dream, if foi nothing more than the validity of our own mos precious natures. They criticized young Mussolini for speakini in ecstatic words of the fire-pattern made b; exploding bombs in Abyssinia, but no doubt hi spoke the truth. Bombs do explode that way And bright red leaves have their worth t< 1 the exploring eye thrown to the pavement witl i the halting step of one at prayer. The snowbird, sailing across the street, is i different sort of leaf from the handiwork o the Creator of All Things. He breathes, he flies he eats, he will go through snow and ice an< come out safe in the spring. The warmth o life is in him. He is not a leaf, whose work ii the world has been done; snowbird or Junco, h is a part of infinite life, and in the thinkin 1 mind of the Universe may be as important a: ■ Idea as that of a dictator, a king or an executivi a Letters to The Star ‘Freedom of Work* Uncoerced To the Editor oi The Star: Neither Senator Taft nor any one else in our Government has the right to "approve” the closed shop under any condition, so long as' the closed shop is prohibited by law. The closed shop is the crux of the whole labor problem in this country. Under the New Deal, labor union membership was made compulsory for workers in many industries; and labor unions grew strong and powerful. Some even became arrogant and defiant of the Government itself. Where workers are free to choose whether or not they will join a union, they are also free to make or break that union. If they become dissatisfied with the union management or with its leaders, they have only to withdraw their membership. Without the dues and as sessments received from its members, no union could exist. Without the income that nurtures him, the sturdiest union leader would soon wither. Freedom is the keystone of our democracy. Only when the workers are free to give or to withhold their support can they retain supreme power over their union organizations and leaders. Our Bill of Rights guarantees to each one of us a number of indiivdual freedoms, foremost among which are freedom of worship and freedom of speech. It should be amended to include freedom of work. H. H. H. How Old Is Man? To the Editor of The Star: During recent weeks news reports have been coming in from a number of different scien tific expeditions "revealing” that the origin of man on this planet may be traced back millions of years. N e w s p apers print such state ments, and the read er is left to assume or ignore the fac tual basis for these time es timates. Is there any one among your readers who would be good enough to tell us with some de gree of authority how these experts know that human life goes back tens of thousands or even millions of years? For example, in an article accompanying The Star staff photo of Leo Steppat with his modeled head "of a man who lived in Mexico 10,000 years ago,” there is to be found this concluding sentence: “. , . Pithecanthropus Erectus, found in Java, lived 500,000 to 1,000,000 years ago.” May we have a statement from somebody who has gathered sufficient evidence to know where of he speaks on this matter of time and the human family? DONALD F. HAYNES. Where and When to Start I have read the second article on “Our Dual School System,” by Coit Hendley, jr. The salient facts presented therein are more soflnding than blaring trumpets. The author has done a marvelous task in presenting the truth. However, he says the dual system has not worked successfully anywhere, any time. The problem needs a solution, says the author, but the question is “when and where to start.” The suggestion presented here is: Since Washington is not only the Capital of the United States but the international capital of the world, why not in the D. C.? Time, of course, now. E. R. JOHNSON. Realtors, Taft, Communism, Etc. To the Editor ol The Star: Your editorial “The Communistic Senator Taft” indicates that the punching is getting active and you don’t like it. Yes, our 950 local real estate boards through out the United States are bitterly opposed to public housing. We do think it is the first step toward a socialistic state and toward communism, if you please. Socialism and communism are the same thing. The father of both has said so. Karl Marx, when he is sued his famous call to workers in 1848, called it the Communist manifesto. The creation and ownership of housing is the main bastion of private property and pri vate enterprise. When they take that, they take the works. In Russia, they dispossessed 7,500,000 farm owners and all the city property owners before the Socialist state could be set up. It’s happen ing now in England. Yes, we will continue to oppose public hous ing wherever* it raises its head, whether on the right or the left. There are 21,000,000 home owners who feel this way and who will some day express themselyes. There are millions of men like the realtors engaged in private enterprise and the business of sup plying housing who feel this way. You cannot have just a little public housing i as a matter of appeasement without surren dering the whole position. I can imagine how your newspaper would shout to high heaven about the freedom of the press if the Govern ment decided that in order to meet high costs it would issue just one free newspaper in every State or in every major city so that the public could get the news without paying foi it. It all depends upon whose ox is being gored. You can discredit me as the employe of the realtors ratner easily, newspapers nave un; power. You cannot change the convictions of our 950 real estate boards, and if I prove to be an inadequate spokesman they’ll gel another. We cannot go forward toward greater pro duction by running first to the right and ther running to the left. All this gets us is con fusion and stagnation. When I stated that I thought Senator Taf was following the socialistic and communistii party lines in housing, I told the truth. How ever, I wrote him a letter of apology because I felt that I had been guilty of bad politica manners in referring to the communistic part; line at this particular moment. I am willini to admit that there is a certain amount o etiquette that we ought to observe in politica controversies. You say that the American people are goini [ to get decent housing at prices they cai afford. They are getting it. They are gettini housing now at as low a price as they eve did in terms of- family and national Income It doesn’t cost any more in terms of presen | incomes to buy a new house now than It alway has. It has always required from one-fourtl to one-fifth of a family’s income to buy i home. The Government, however, has de 1 pressed rents so that now It only takes abou one-seventh of a family’s Income instead o ! one-fifth to rent a home, and that Is why w do not get more rental housing. If you ar going to take, as a measure of what th American people can afford to pay, what th - New Deal says they ought to pay instead o what they always were willing to pay, yo can build any kind of an argument you wanl 1 The free market Is the only test that I kno\ 1 of which shows what people can and wii i pay for the housing they want. This is al f we are asking for. Let the people decid , through the free market how good housin I they want and how much they are willin f to pay. Apparently you do not believe In thi ‘ principle. Congress or somebody else shout ; decide for the people. \ \ It is easy to punch away at a minute unin fluentlal communistic party. It Is tough t Letters for publication must bear, the signature and address of the writer, although it is permissible for a writer known to The Star to use a nom de plume. Please be brief. attack the same principles when they appear in the respectable garments provided by some Republican or Democratic leaders. What’s wrong with having a free market for newspapers? What's wrong with having a free market for housing, without having editorial writers trying to decide what the price ought to be? Why can’t your paper be forthrightly for free enterprise, free oppor tunity and the productive American system without reservations? HERBERT U. NELSON, Executive Vice President, National Association of Real Estate Boards. Psychiatrists Criticized To the Editor of The Star: In the magazine section of The Star, Octo ber 19, appeared an article “Beware of Psycho quacks" which was timely and well put. It mentioned the fact that “phony psychiatrists" will treat you for everything you've got—in your pocketbook. There are more than 600,000 persons crowded into the mental hospitals, throughout this Na tion, and one reason the asylums are over crowded is because unscrupulous psychiatrists, lawyers, judges, clergymen and citizens take advantage of the loose administration of the present lunacy laws and “railroad” perfectly sane individuals to the Insane asylums without due process of law. This practice is not only selfish, inhuman and criminal but it takes up the much-needed space which should be used for the genuinely insane. There are several reasons why psychia trists can be considered accountable for the extraordinary increase in the number of cases of mental illness sent to mental institutions. (1) Psychiatrists and their supporters con stitute the major part of the personnel of san ity commissions, mental institutions and other Government and private agencies that discover and treat mental disorders; consequently they are in better position to control the number of committals to and dismissals from mental in stitutions than any other single group of pro fessionals. er»U - i r. conn or Insane often rests entirely upon the personal opinion of a psychiatrist. (3) Financial considerations rather than nat ural causes may be the reason why many people are judged mentally ill and then sent to mental institutions for an indefinite period of time at taxpayers’ expense. Psychiatrists have a big advantage over other professionals because of natural reasons in their favor. Something can be found to be wrong with almost any person. The extensive and con stantly increasing vocabulary and ambiguous terminology employed by modern psychiatrists can make any typical human mood or emotion appear to be the root and cause of a dangerous form of insanity. When it comes to making mountains out of molehills and chimeras out of ordinary conditions, the unscrupulous psy chiatrist has no peer or equal. He can find or invent something mentally unbalanced about anybody (except himself) if it will pay him to do so. GEORGE J. LITTLETON. Welcomes Ban on Recordings To the Editor of The 8t«r: Maybe Petrillo's recent ban on the manu facture of phonograph records came at an appropriate time, what with prices up and quality down. Right now you can’t buy a phono graph record that doesn’t have some kind of surface noise or that doesn’t show it after just a few playings. Some of my records are so had after a few playings that the tunes hardly can be distinguished. They just aren’t worth having. And it seems that the record stores have some way of adjusting their demonstration phono graphs so that no scratches can be heard. The prices are about as bad. Records that used to sell for 37 cents each before the war are up to 79 cents, more than twice as mujh. Surely expenses haven't doubled in that length of time. Maybe, now that no new records will be cut, the record companies can spend more time figuring out how to give us better-quality and lower-priced records. BEN PUBOLS, Jr. Criticizes Critics of Radicals To the Editor of The Star: It is becoming the fashion these days to label anything that one does not like as being “un American.” Certain citizens of this country are specializing in the smear technique of slap ping highly abstract, undefinable, emotionally charged adjectives on any one with whom they disagree. Our papers are filled with headlines exposing something or some one as un-Ameri can. No one is safe from these unprovoked attacks. It is a grave reflection on our mental status when justified criticism of some of our institu tions is denounced as subversive, seditious and un-American. An advocate of a low-cost Fed eral housing program must be careful lest he be accused of being un-American by the real estate interests. A proponent of an adequate Federal health program better watch out or he will be called un-American by the medical In terests. A minister of the gospel who believes in the equality of man and denounces racial discrimination should use discretion or he will be termed un-American by all the bigots and hypocrites of the Nation. [ Even now we have reached the point wherg ■ one cannot be a liberal or progressive in this ; “enlightened” age unless he is called un r uaht lAnfr will it hp hpfnrft critics [ of the Government (witness Henry Wallace) are branded as public enemies? How long will r it be before the Bill of Rights is but a shadowy [ memory? Already we have ‘•hearings” where ; the smear technique is elevated to new heights. • What manner of justice permits inquisitorial at tacks on men who are allowed no right to t cross-examine their accusers, who are denied s full legal counsel? Who are these men who i would dictate what we can and what we can i not believe? - If the matter really is one of protecting t America from the various isms, let us not for 1 get that he have an ism of our own, capitalism, s from which we must eliminate the bugs. The » growth of communism is due in part to the ; shortcomings of capitalism, not of democracy, s The fundamental conflict today is not between f totalitarianism and democracy but between l capitalism and socialism. Communists, of . course, believe that the totalitarian, all-power r ful state is necessary only until the people are 1 educated and converted from the capitalistic, 1 self-centered, every-man-for-himself society to ; the society where all men work togther for all t men in a true brotherly spirit. Whether or not 5 this transformation can be accomplished or s how long it would take cannot be answered to i day. Only time will teU whether we can iron the kinks out of capitalism or whether a social - istic society is Inevitable. _ o WALTER Z. WEED. The Political Mill 1 Nov. 4 Election to Test ' Drift of Political Winds Vote in Three Congressional District* May Improve Chances for Taft By Gould Lincoln The direction of political winds will be tested November 4, when the voters go to th polls to elect a Governor of Kentucky and to elect Representatives in three districts. In some measure the test »hl app to the candidacy of Senator Taft of Ohio for the Republican presidential nomination. Pour vears ago the Republicans put across their candidate for Governor in Kentucky. Simeon S. Willis, much to the chagrin of the Democrats, who usually dominate that State. At that time the Democratic machine in the Bluegrass State was in bad repute. The issue was “Turn the rascals out.” This year the major issue—and it has been raised by the Republi cans—is the Taft-Hartley labor law. This is the first State-wide political battle with the new law governing labor-management rela tions as a principal bone of contention. If the Republicans shotild win, their victory will not only give the GOP a big boost but it will also improve the chances of Senator Taft, a princi pal sponsor of the law which beam his name. Situation in Kentuck^'. Kentucky's Attorney General, l^Idon S. Dum mit, the Republican gubernatorial candidate, is supporting the new labor law up down the State. His Democratic opponent is*MM»i sentative Earle C. Clements, who voted againw the Taft-Hartley bill in the House and voted to sustain President Truman’s veto of the measure. Mr. Clements has been indorsed by the AFL and the CIO—on the issue of the labor law. Mr. Clements, however, has been laying low on the issue—one reason being he does not wish to offend Democratic farm voters. All of which indicates mat me lait-naruey law, iuuuuij denounced by President Truman and the labor leaders, is not such an unmixed blessing to the Democrats as they had originally supposed. Until recently the Democrats believed that they would win hands down in this Kentucky election. Not so today. Senator Barkley, the Democratic leader of the Senate, most popular man in public life in Kentucky, has been called into the State to campaign for Mr. Clements. All signs point to an all-fcut effort on the part of the Democrats. With a democratic registration greater by many thousands than ^ the Republican, Kentucky is regarded Democratic State. Nevertheless, JouettV Todd, Republican national committeeman^ for Kentucky, predicts the election of Mr. Dummit by from 30,000 to 50,000. If the Republicans should win by a mere handful of votes, it would still be a major political achievement, one that would send cold shivers down Democratic spines. Another proving ground for the Taft-Hartley law is found in the 10th Indiana congressional district. There Ralph Harvey, member of the State Legislature and a dirt farmer, * is running as the Republican candidate for the House against Frank Hanley, Democrat, an automobile dealer in Muncie. Mr. Hanley has the indorsement of the CIO. Indeed, the CIO gave a blanket indorsement to the Democratic nominee before the nominating convention was held. When Businessman Han ley came up with the designation the CIO was somewhat nonplussed. Anyway, while Republican Mr. Harvey is going to town in support of the Taft-Hartley law, the Demo crats have passed the word to lay low on that issue. The district is partly industrial and partly rural—with Muncie as its largest city. It also has been strongly Republican and was carried by the late Representative Springer in 1946 by some 26,000 votes. The most the Democrats can hope for is to cut down the percentage by which the Republicans carried the district last year. Therein will lie the test of the Taft-Hartley law. « 4th Ohio and 14th New York. The other two congressional districts in which special elections are to take place to fill House vacancies are the 4th Ohio and the 14th New York districts. In the Ohio dis trict William M. McColloch, Republican, is pitted against Joseph B. Quatman, Democrat, of Lima. Mr. McColloch is a former Speaker of tne Ohio Legislature. The Republicans won the 4th Ohio district in 1946 by some 12.000 votes. In this district, tea), there is industry as well as farming. But, as in the 10th Indiana district, the Demo crats appear to be shying away from a test *of the pooularity of the Taft-Hartley law. Mr. Quatman contents himself with saying that all the gains made by labor in the Kooseveit aamimsirauon must noi oe iosi— but he does not demand the repeal of the Taft-Hartley law. New York’s 14th congressional district lies in Brooklyn—not a favorable district for the Republicans. This year three candidates are contesting—the Republican, Mr. Lefkowitz; the Democrat, Abraham J. Multer, and the Ameri can Laborite, Victor Rabinowitz. Mr. Multer has the support of the Liberal Party as well as the Democratic. Despite the defection of the ALP, the district still looks Democratic. In 1946 the Democrat, with the indorsement of the ALP, won by more than 50,000 votes. . The only previous test for the Taft-Hartley law in a congressional election took place in September in Pennsylvania’s 8th district. It resulted in a victory for the Republicans and the law. Questions and Answers A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing The Washington Star Information Bureau. 316 I street N.E.. Washington 2, D. C Please Inclose 3 cents for return postage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. With what chemicals are pine cones treated to make them bum with brightly col ored flames?—I. M. S. A. Pine cones may be dipped in salt water in order to make them bum with colored light, Q. Is there any connection between the Bre tons of Brittany. Prance, and the Britons of England?—E. S T. A. The inhabitants of Brittany are the de scendants of Celtic tribes which emigrated (about A D. 450 to 600) from southwest Britain after the Saxon invasion. Q. In what country are the most red-haired people found?—H. T. A. This is said of Scotland. Q. On what date did the famous flag raising on Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, occur?—H. F. R. A. The flag was raised over the Japanese stronghold on February 23, 1945. What Is Jhe Heart? Autumn comes early to the lonely oak Unsheltered from the frost by brother trees. The shining tatters from his copper cloak Drift softly down like fleeting memories— Oh, memories of splendor with the light Of golden summer suns above, with birds Returning always from each questing flight, With wind-song, untranslatable in words. What is the heart if not a yellow leaf Grown tremulous with the burden of the years, Resting in autumn sunlight for its brief Reprieve, as winter’s fateful footstep nears? A leaf \vhose once-clear record none will know, Consumed at last in the white fire of snowt INEZ BARCLAY KIRBY.