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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 28, 1947, Image 1

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^eather Forecast Guide for ReariArc
Cloudy, with occasional rain this afternoon VUIUW IUT nCrtUerS
_ and evening. Highest around 72. Mostly Page. Page.
cloudy, cooler tonight tomorrow. Lowest to- After Dark-A-13 Lost and Found, A-3
night around 56. (Full report on page A-20 Amusements ..A-22 Obituary .A-12
Midnight -65 8 a.m. ...66 Noon 68 * Comics .B-14-15 Radio -B-15
4a.m. ...64 10a.m. 71 1pm 69 Editorial-A-10 Society, Clubs.- B-3
6a.m. ...64 11 a m. ...68 2p.m. 70 j Editor! Articles, A-ll Sports-A-18-19
_ __ Finance -A-21 Woman's Page -A-16
Lote-New.York Morkets, Poge A-21._ _ AUAs'socioted Press Newspope7
95th YEAR. /No. 57,796 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1947-THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. ★★★ 5 CENTS
" i ' ‘ ' "" —"1 -. 1 111 - 1 ■ ■ '■ .— ■ ■» ' 'p — ' —- ...-— .____
2 More Screen
Writers Ejected
By Red Inquiry
Maltz Ousted After
Trumbo Is Accused
Of Contempt
BULLETIN
Albert Maltz, who wrote the
screen, versions of “Pride of
the Marines” and “Destination
Tokyo,” this afternoon became j
the third “hostile” witness or- 1
dered from the stand by the
House Committee on Un
American Activities for avoid
ing questions dealing with
membership in the Screen
Writers’ Guild and whether or
not he was a member of the
Communist Party.
Screen Writer Dalton Trumbo,
second so-called “hostile wit
ness” to take the stand in the
film industry communism hear
ing of the House Committee on
Un-American Activities, today
joined the first, John Howard
Lawson, another writer, in fac
ing a contempt citation after be
ing ordered from the witness
chair.
Mr. Trumbo's stormy 20 minutes
ns a witness this morning ended
when he shouted, “This is the be
ginning of an American concentra
tion camp," after he had evaded
answering a question as to member
ship in the Communist Party.
Later, after a record of the
writer's alleged Communist affilia
tions had been read and a photo
stat of a party card purportedly is
sued to him had been introduced,
Chairman Thomas announced a
contempt citation would be recom
mended unanimously to the full
committee by the subcommittee
hearing evidence of Communist in
filtration of Hollywood.
Thomas Pounds Gavel.
Mr. Thomas made a similar an
nouncement yesterday after Mr.
Lawson had been ordered off the
stand when he balked at answering
the same question. The latter left
the chair to the accompaniment of
mixed applause and boos. Today
there was applause and a few' cheers
for Mr. Trumbo's exit, prompting
Mr. Thomas to pound his gavel
and remind the spectators they
were present as guests of the com
mittee.
After the brush with Mr. Trumbo.
Roy M. Brewer, international repre
sentative of the International Al
liance of Theatrical Stage Employes
and Moving Picture Machine Oper
ators. took the witness stand and
also asked to read a statement.
The committee at first refused to
hear it, saying that the evidence
would come out through question
ing. Before the witness left the
stand, however, Representative Vail,
Republican, of Illinois said he con
sidered the statement “relevant,
comprehensive, informative and of
value to the intent and purpose of
the committee” and the witness was
allowed to read it.
Mr. itsrewer cnargea in nis state
ment and testimony that there was
a "real Communist plot to capture
our union in Hollywood as part of
the Communist plan to control the
motion picture industry as a whole."
Unanimous Agreement.
The three committee members
conducting the hearing—Represent
tives Thomas, Vail and McDow
ell. Republicans, of Pennsylvania
reached agreement to seek contempt
action against Mr. Trumbo without
the formality of retiring to a private
conference room.
They put their heads together in
the conference room, then Mr.
Thomas announced there was unan
imous agreement on the contempt
action. He said:
“The evidence clearly indicates
that he is a member of the Com
munist party. He followed the
usual Communist party line in not
responding.
"Therefore, it is the unanimous
decision of this sumcommittee to
recommend to the full committee
that Dalton Trumbo be cited for
contempt of Congress for his refusal
to answer the question, ‘Are you. or
have you ever been, a .member of the
Communist Party?’ and other ques
tions put to him. and that appro
priate action be taken by the full
committee without delay.”
This is an action which has to go
to House officials, but could eventu
ally lead to prosecution in the
courts. Federal statutes provide a
fine of $100 to $1,000 and imprison
ment from 30 days to one year for
contempt of Congress.
Won't Answer “Yes” or “No."
The "other questions" Mr. Thomas
referred to included one as to
Mr. Trumbo's membership in the
Screen Writers' Guild. In his bit
ter exchanges with the chairman
while on the stand, the writer in
(See UN-AMERiCAN, Page A-67>
Anti-Communist Drive
Begun by Clay in Reich
By th» Associated Press
BERLIN, Oct. 28.—Gen. Lucius
D. Clay declared today that “I ex-,
pect every American in^the Ameri
can Military Government to state
his views as to communism and to
what it leads.”
The American military governor
said his organization would begin
a new, aggressive policy of defend-,
ing before the German people'
American principles of freedom and
"attacking those in which we do
not believe."
“We certainly don't believe in
communism in any form, shape or
fashion,” Gen. Clay said. “We are
going to make every effort to ex
plain why we believe in the Ameri
can system and why we don’t believe
in other systems.
“We are particularly going to
point out the importance we attach
to the rights and dignity of the
individual.”
Gen. Clay returned recently from
conferences in Washington.
k >
Fleeing Polish Peasant Chief
Reported Now in Stockholm
Mikolajczyk May Come to U. S., Editor Says;
Visa Not Asked, State Department Asserts
By the Associated Pres*
LONDON, Oct. 28.—Francis J.
Wilk, a Polish Peasant Party
leader, said today he had heard
reports that Stanislaw Mikola
jczyk had reached Stockholm,
Sweden, but added that he had
not been able to confirm these
! accounts.
Mr, Wilk, editor of a Polish news
paper in London, said the informa
tion he had was based on reports
in the British press and Warsaw
broadcasts.
Mr. Wilk said in an interview:
‘‘We assume it is true that he i Mik
ola jczyki has -left Poland, but we
have not had any strictly official
news to this effect nor do we know
where he is now.
"I think that, it is probable, if
the reports of his leaving Poland
are true, that he will come to Eng
| land, although it is possible that
he might go direct to the United
States.”
A State Department spokesman
said today that the department
has not received a visa applica
tion from Mr. Mikolajczyk. If he
were to apply for one at the
America!^ Embassy In Stockholm
the department would know
about it within a few hours, it
was stated. He could not enter
the United States without a visa.)
Officials in Stockholm and Copen
hagen said they had no knowledge
| that Mr. Mikolajczyk, leader of the
opposition to the Communist-led
Polish government, was in Sweden
or Denmark. There have been pub
! lished reports that he had reached
those countries.
Mr. Mikolajczyk, who dropped out
of sight last week, was believed to
have fled Poland, apparently in fear
of his life.
At Cambridge University his 21- j
year-old son, Marjan, said he had
heard no news of his father's where-j
abouts, and added: "I have just been j
listening in to the BBC (British
Broadcast Corp.i Polish news to
see if anything was said there, but I
gathered that his whereabouts are
still unknown.”
Mr. Mikolajczyk's wife and son
(See MIKOLAJCZYK. Page A-5.) i
'Many' U. S. Troops
Declared Casualties
In Trieste Incidents
Bennett, Back From
Tour, Reports 63 Cases
Of Red Aggression
By the Associated Press
Representative Bennett, Re
publican, of Missouri declared
today that “many” American
soldiers have been killed or
wounded by Communists in the
Trieste area behind a “brass
curtain of American military
censorship.”
The Missourian recently returned
from a six-week tour of Europe and
The Near East, said there have been
“63 incidents of armed aggression
by the Communists” against United
States forces since they moved into
the former Italian territory, border
ing on Yugoslavia. Trieste now is a
free state.
“These acts have resulted in the
death or wounding of many Ameri
can soldiers,” Mr. Bennet added in
a statement issued before he left
for his home in Springfield, Mo. “I
have the names and identifications
of the incidents as furnished me by
our military intelligence.
Army Refuses Comment.
“In Europe they call it a ‘cold
war,’ It is war and how soon, or
if, it will engulf the whole world,
no men outside of the Kremlin can
1 sav.
“TVip hrnss nirfnin rtf Ampripan
military censorship has done a re
markable job in keeping from the
American people the seriousness of
the situation at Trieste."
The Army refused comment on
Mr. Bennett's statement.
There have been no previous re
ports of any American casualties
resulting from the long-standing
tension between the predominantly
Italian population of Trieste and
the Yugoslavs.
When the free state came into
being last September 16 under terms
of the Italian peace treaty, the
British military commander credited
American forces with having pre
vented an incident which "might
have led to bloodshed.”
Urges Strong Air Force.
The American troops refused to
allow a force of Yugoslav soldiers
i to cross the border into the area
assigned to Anglo-American occu
pation. The Yugoslavs occupy the
southern sector. Each of the oc
cupying nations W'as asked to as
sign 5,000 troops to serve until a
yet-to-be designated governor re
ports no further need for them.
Mr. Bennett’s trip abroad was
made as head of a House Commerce
Subcommittee studying civil avia
j tion. He said his observations con
| vinced him that the United States
should maintain the strongest Air
Force and Navy in the world “and
with the most atom bombs.”
He said Russia is producing “45.
000 tanks a month and has jet planes
in the skies over Europe."
Would Limit Aid.
The Missourian, said there is
hunger and want in Europe and
this country must provide help. But
in doing so, he added, it must not
over-extend itself.
“There are four things this Na
tion can do,” Mr. Bennett said:
“Surrender as we did with appease
ment of Stalin at Potsdam, Yalta
and all the rest; fight, which is not
likely unless we are attacked: with
draw altogether and chalk up 300.
000 soldiers’ lives and other sacri
fices of two great w'ars as a mistake,
or w'e can extend all aid short of
war as w'e are doing.”
But in granting that help. Mr.
Bennett said, the United States
must make sure it receives a dol
lar's worth of co-operation and eco
nomic rehabilitation for every dol
lar spent and there must be clearly
defined limits to the aid.
Bolivian Border Town
Is Reported Captured
By Communist Forces
Authorities Are Declared
Being Held by Elements of
Leftist 'Pirista' Party
By the Associated Press
RIO DE JANEIRO, Oct. 28.—
The Justice Ministry said today
that Col. Joaquim Rondon, Gov
ernor of the Brazilian frontier
territory of Guapore, had in
formed it that Communist ele
ments had captured the Bolivian
border town of Guayara.
The Governor’s Province is on
the Bolivian frontier.
The ministry quoted Col. Rondon
as saying his information was based;
on a report to him from a Capt.
Hernan of the Bolivian Army at
the Brazilian frontier town of Gua
jara Mirim.
Capt. Hernan asserted that Com
munist elements of the "Pirista”
Party captured the Bolivian town
and were holding the town authori
ties. The Pirista Party is the Bo
livian party of the revolutionary
left.
Col. Rondon was quoted by the
ministry as saying the capture of
the town was effected by a “large,
well-armed group.”
Two Globe Fivers Take Off
*
From Japan for Aleutians
By th# Associoted Pres*
TOKYO. Oct. 28.—The globe
ciTllng Cub pilots, George Truman
of Los Angeles and Clifford Evans
of Washington, left Nemuro for the
Aleutians tonight on the most dan
gerous leg of their trip.
Their takeoff was timed at 9:07
p.m. (7:07 am.. EST) from the
Northern Hokkaido airport. Their
goal was Shemya, about 1,500 miles
away in the Aleutians.
The Far Eastern Air Force, tak
ing every precaution, dispatched
two Flying Forts, fully equipped for
rescue work, to accompany the little
Cubs on most of the flight to
Shemya, the longest lap of the
globe-girdling journey.
Mr. Truman and Mr. Evans finally
had arrived at Nemuro earlier to
day. after a flight of a little more
than two hours from the United
States Army's Chltose air base on
the other side of Hokkaido.
Bulletins
uetective Lnier suspended
t Detective Capt. Theodore F.
Vollten, chief of detectives of
the Montgomery County po
lice, today was suspended by
Police Chief Charles M. Orme
pending action of the Police
Trial Board November 5. The
charges involved failure to
obey several police regulations
governing his job.
Explosion Rocks Town
WOODWARD, Okla. ^.—Sev
eral were feared dead and
eight were known to be njured
in a gas furnace explosion fol
lowed by fire here today. The
fire was raging out of control
this afternoon and six stores
in the business district already
had been razed. Firemen
were hampered by lack of wa
ter. The watar system has not
been restored completely since
the tornado of August 9, which
took 110 lives here.
Montgomery Halted 3d Army
In Dash, Patton's Journal Says
iy »K« A*»oc}ot#d Pre*s
NEW YORK. Oct. 28—Gen.
1 George S. Patton, jr., stormy war
j time commander of the United
States 3d Army, vigorously criti
cised Britain's Field Marshal Mont
gomery and also directed barbs
at top American officers in an
abridgement of his war journal pub
lished today.
In pungent, crisy phrases, Gen.
Patton declared his belief the war
in Europe would have been short
ened and thousands of lives saved
; but for “the momentous error of
the War,’’ which he blamed on Gen.
Montgomery's influence with SHAEF
Gen. Eisenhowers headquarters.
1 Except from the informal journal.
written during the 3d Army's cam
paigns, were published posthumous
ly today in the Saturday Evening
Post. They covered only the fight
ing in France and Germany.
Supporting views of some other
officers and observers who have
written of the 3d Army’s historic
dash across France as far as Verdun
in August, 1044, Gen. Patton as
serted his forces would have pushed
across the Rhine in 10 days had it
not been for a change in high com
mand strategy ’’implemented, in my
opinion, by Gen. Montgomery.’
"The 29th of August (1944) was. in
my opinion, one of the critical days
in this war," Gen. Patton wrote. ’Tt|
(See PATTON. Page A-4^ 1
Soviet Asks U. N.
To Order Troops
To Leave Korea
Jan. 1 Deadline Urged
In Counterproposal
To American Plan
By the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Oct. 28.—
Russia called on the United Na
tions today to order withdrawal
of all Russian and American
troops from Korea by next Jan
uary 1.
The Soviet demand was laid before
the General Assembly's 57-Nation
Political Committee after the United
States had urged approval of an
American proposal for elections in
the two zones of Korea by next
March 31 under U.N. supervision.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Andrei A. Gromyko and American
Delegate John Foster Dulles clashed
sharply in the opening round of
the Korean debate. Mr. Gromyko
accused the United States of delay
ing negotiations for Korean inde
pendence while Mr. Dulles blamed
fvUoMd.
Temporary Commission Asked.
The American proposal provides
for a U. N. temporary commis
sion on Korea with its membership
left to the U. N. to decide. This
group would observe the elections,
be'available for consultation during
the period of setting up a govern
ment and make recommendations
to the U. N. regarding further steps
to be taken by the peace agency.
Russia proposed in September,
after the United States tossed the
case to the Assembly, that all occu
pation troops be withdrawn by
January 1. Secretary of State Mar
shall acted on failure to break a
deadlock with the Soviet Union in
direct negotiations. He was under
stood to feel that withdrawal of
troops under the Russian* timetable
would create a vacuum in Korea
and deprive the people of an op
portunity for free elections and their
own choice of government.
Russia opposed inclusion of the
Korean question on the Assembly
agenda and has continued to main
tain that the issue is one to be
settled between the United States
and Russia and not by the inter
national agency.
U. S„ Russia Withhold Programs.
On the Palestine question, indica
tions were that a subcommittee
attempting to work out details of
the partition plan would not be
entangled in lengthy discussions on
possible 'boundaries for the pro
posed independent Jewish and Arab
countries.
The United' States and Russia
were withholding their programs for
implementation of the partition
proposal. The Soviet Union was
reported ready to ask the U. N. to
put the Holy Land under the veto
conscious Security Council for an
interim period to precede complete
independence for the two new na
tions.
Delegates still were mulling over
yesterday's action in the Political
Committee, where Russia backed
Sown on her charges of "warmonger
ing" in the United States, Greece
and Turkey. The American delega
tion then joined in a world-wide
condemnation of war propaganda.
Austin Speaks on Radio.
American Delegate Warren R.
Austin said in a radio speech last
night that the committee's "over
whelming rejection” of Russia s
charges against the three countries
“is highly gratifying to us.” He
added that “the committee’s ac
(See U. N., Page A-4.i
Printers Blamed for Delays
On 2 Chicago Newspapers
By the Associated Press
CHICAGO. Oct. 28—One edition
of each Chicago morning newspaper,
the Tribune and the Sun, was late,
reaching the newsstands last night,
and officials of the publications said1
deadline delays were caused by their
printing staffs.
The Sun's first edition was more
than one hour late in reaching the
street. One member of the paper's
staff said a dozen or so com posit I rsi
had walked away from their jobs
but returned to work after a short
time.
The Tribune's two-star home edi
tion was published about 15 minutes |
behind schedule after the regular!
monthly chapel meeting of AFL In
ternational Typographical Union
printers ran longer than usual.
The union's Scale Negotiating
Committee is currently deadlocked
in contract negotiations with the
Chicago Newspaper Publishers’ As
sociation over terms to replace the
ITU contract with Chicago’s five
newspapers which expired Octo
ber 21.
WhattheRussians
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow radio, broadcasting in
Russian to the Soviet Union, said:
“The whole depth to which
bourgeois science has fallen is
shown in the result of a ques
tionnaire recently circulated by a
well-known American authority.
The object of the investigation;
To establish the connection be
tween hunger and suffering on
the one side and nervous shock
on the other. Students, teachers
and unemployed men were among
those questioned. The question
naire asked for instance, ‘How
many dollars would you want if
you were asked to eat a quarter i
pound of human flesh?*
"Students and teachers agreed |
on the average, to do it for *1,
000.000 and the unemployed for
*100.000.
“Even putting aside the fact
that the very investigation itself
is repelling to every human being,
its contents testify to the fruit of
civilization enjoyed by the av
erage American. Everything is
on sale; everything can be
bought. Such is the moral code
taught by the American school.”
BtS YOU
VHAT KIND
!E5 SHOULD;^
i'hi
— ■'’"•’.MiiimidiiiinjiiiinnnTnmT.—
Investigating an Investigator
Autopsy Due as Husband Is Held
In Case of Woman Dead 3 Days
Bruised Body Found
In Bedroom of Home
At Chevy Chase, Md.
Montgomery County Police to
day were investigating the death
of a 40-year-old Chevy Chase
(Md.> woman whose body was
found yesterday in the bedroom
of her home at 214 East Under
wood street.
Dr. F. J. Broschart, county deputy
medical examiner, said the woman,
Mrs. Bernice E. Perkins, had been
dead three or four days. He added
;hat he could not determine the
:ause of death.
The body has been sent to Balti
more, where an autopsy was to be
performed this morning by Dr.
(See PERKINs7Page A-4.i
IgHg: : W
CHARLES G. PERKINS.
Churchill Calls for End
Of Controls on Prices,
Citing U. S. Success
Socialist Planning Holds
Down Nation's Economic
Recovery, He Says
ty the Associated Press
LONDON, Oct. 28.—Winston
Churchill called on the British
Labor government today to fol
low the lead of the United States
in removing price controls and
to toss aside Socialist planning
which he said was holding up
national economic recovery.
Making his fourth attempt to
unseat the Labor government by
parliamentary motion, the opposi
tion leader declared that nationali
zation of basic industries had failed
and weakened the nation in time of
economic crisis.
“I feel fortified by what has hap
pened in the United States," he
declared, adding:
“The sovereign remedy to our pres
ent ills and darkening misfortunes
is to set the people free.”
Attacks Labor Program.
Mr. Churchill said Prime Minister
Attlee's government was “inviting
us to follow them Into a dark and
narrowing tunnel, at the end of
which there might be no daylight."
He added: “I do not believe in
the capacity of the state to plan
and enforce a high-grade produc
tivity upon its members or subjects."
State planning and control could
never create a system which could
compete with free enterprise, per
sonal Initiative and competitive
selection, Mr. Churchill declared in
an attack on the Labor govern
ment's legislative program.
“All these are blotted out by over
riding state control.” Britain's war
time prime minister said. "It is
this vital creative impulse that I
greatly fear that the doctrines and
failures of the Socialist government
stroying.in our national life.
“Nothing that they can plan and
order and rush about enforcing will
lake its place. They have broken
the mainspring and until we get a
new one. the watch will not go. j
“The reason that we are not able
to earn our living and make our
wav in the world is because we are
not allowed to do so.
"The whole enterprise, initiative,
contrivance, genius of the British
nation is being unnecessarily par
alyzed by restrictions which are im
ported upon it in the name of a
mistaken political philosophy and a
largely obsolete mode of thought.”;
Recalls U.VS. Price Action.
Recalling that the United States
“in the summer of 1946 took the
major step of making a clean sweep,
of almost all controls,” Mr. Church
ill said:
“The cost of living bounded up
and was now 60 per cent up qri 1939.
“But what was the corrective to
to price rises?” he asked. “It was
production, and American produc-i
tion is now 80 per cent above 1939.
“It must have been a heart-shak
ing decision to the American Presi
dent >to abandon price control.” Mr.
Churchill added, “but the strong
horse is pulling the wagon out of
the mire.
“We have a strong horse, too,
thought not so large, but it is strong.;
But, alas, he is bridled and hal- j
tered * * *. *
“The British co6t of living Index
(See BRITAIN. Page X-4.) 1
Showers Ease Threat
To Maryland Forests
As State Probes Fires
Police Get Arson Reports;
Mild Weathe*r May Set
All-Time Record Here
Rain, missing from the District
area since September 26. except
for a slight .02 of an inch 11 days
ago, fell this morning as pre-;
dieted by the Weather Bureau.
The showers brought relief to the
critical situation in Maryland's dry
woodlands. Dozens of fires had
sprung up in the forests there dur
ing the last few days and State
police were investigating reports
that some of them were deliberately
set.
The first shower came about 9:30
a.m. Others were expected through
out the day and night. Less than
.15 of an inch had fallen In the Dis
trict up to 1 p.m.. the bureau said.
Heat May Set Record.
Continued mild weather may make
this month the warmest October
since the Weather Bureau started
keeping records for the District,
the forecaster said. October, 1941,
had an average temperature of 64
degrees, w-hich is the record, but
so far this month the temperature
The bureau's prediction called
for occasional rain. The tempera
ture may rise to the 70s this after
noon. Tomorrow will be partly
cloudy and cooler.
Meanwhile, smoldering patches
of burned-over timberland dotted
Maryland and West Virginia. Mary
land State Forester Henry C.
Buckingham said some of the fires
"were set maliciously."
Fire Patrols Tripled.
Fire patrols have been tripled and
Mr. Buckingham said woods and
fields, until the rain, had been drier1
than they have been since the pro
tracted drought of 1932. At least
20 fires burned in the western coun
ties of Maryland yesterday, but all
were reported under control. .
Garrett County States Attorney
Walter Dawson said a marr held in
the Oakland Jail had admitted set
ting four fires in the Bloomington
area of the county, including one
which destroyed a home, according
to the Associated Press.
In Virginia, the State Game Com
mission ordered all hunting in Dis
mal Swamp stopped after 5 p.m. to
morrow until further notice because;
of large fires burning in the area.
Vandegrift and Clay
Announce Requests
For 1948 Retirement
But Military Governor
Of Reich Expects to Keep
Post 'Quite a Few Months
Gen. Alexander A. Vandegrift
Marine Corps commandant, am
Gen. Lucius D. Clay, Americai
nilitary governor in Germany
poth announced today that the;
lave asked to be retired in 1948
Gen. Vandegrift asked to leav*
ictive duty January 1. He said h*
s certain Secretary of the Nav;
Sullivan will grant the request, mad*
>y letter.
Gen. Clay, according to the As
;ociated Press, told a news confer
;nce in Berlin that his retiremen
s an "event of quite a few month
iway” and he would continue ii
Germany as military governor “fo
a substantial time.”
Wants to Go Fishing.
Gen. Clay, who has spent 33 yeat
in the Army, said his retirement wi
be "full and complete so that I ca
go catflshlng in G#prgia.”
Gen. Vandegrift. the first four
star general in the history of th
172-vear-old Marine Corps, was ap
pointed commandant on January
1944. He said he has been consider
Ing retiring for the last year.
Gen. Vandegrift told a reporte
that he bought a house near Lynch
burgh, Va., a year ago. He said h
would go there to live when he i
placed on the inactive list.
Led Marines in Pacific.
Before his appointment as com
mandant, Gen. Vandegrift led th
taiuuuo m mai me wiviciv/ii tu ui
Guadalcanal campaign and, late
the 1st Marine Amphibious Corf
during the conquest of Bougainvilli
He won both the Navy Cross an
the Congressional Medal of Hone
in the bloody fighting for Guadai
canal, first of the stepping stone
to Japan seized by American force;
In leaving service, Gens. Vande
grift and Clav will follow severs
other top wartime leaders. Amon
them are Gen. George C. Marshal
former Army Chief of staff and no'
Secretary of State, and Gen. H. >
Arnold, former chief of the Arm
Air Force. Gen. Dwight D. Eisen
how'er, now Army Chief of Staf
and Admiral Chester Nimitz. Chie
of Naval Operations and forme
Pacific Fleet commander, are du
to retire soon.
U. 5. to Purchase Tobaccc
In Move to Stabilize Price
ly th# Assoc«ot#d Pr#ss
The Agriculture Department an
nounced today it will enter the flue
:ured tobacco auction markets i
i move to stabilize grower prices.
Prices have sagged since th
British government announced las
week it will buy no more tobacc
this year. Britain is normally th
largest single foreign customer fc
American tobacco.
Officials Indicated that the de
partment will buy around $25,000
300 worth of the tobacco.
Regular tobacco buyers will b
authorized to act as agents for th
Government’s buying program, whic
will be financed by the Commodit
Credit Corp. The Government wi
say auction market prices.
Officials said the quantity to b
sought may run between 50.000,00
tnd 60.000.000 pounds. The Britts
■tad purchased about 70,000,00
sounds thig year, when their Gov
:rnment announced that no mor
purchases would be made becaus
>f a shortage of dollars.
Baltimore Synagogue's Interioi
Left in Wreckage by Vandals
By Associated Press
BALTIMORE. Oct. 28.—Ohr Knes-1
set Israel Congregation's Synagogue
was a sorry mess too’ay. Vandals
wrecked the inside and destroyed its.
sacred accoutrements last night.
Charles Port, vice president of the
congregation, discovered the depre
dations at 7 a.m. He had come to
the downtown sanctuary to say a
prayer for his son, whose body was
returned a ‘few days ago from a
foreign cemetery for American war
dead.
Mr. Port was stunned by the
wreckage in the church. He almost
wept as he fingered the small black
holy bag in which for 50 years he
had kept his skull cap and stole.
"They ripped my name and the
Star oi uavia on ana soaxea 11 1
beer.’’ he cried.
Two torahs—gold lettered fel
pieces at the head of the altar
lay in a puddle of beer.
“They cost *1.600 each." said Sar
Smolkin, president of the congrega
tion.
Testaments were strewn abou
the floor, tapestries with the Sta
of David were torn and twiste
about the pews, candles wer
crushed into the floor, salt an
water were poured in the stov<
empty whisky bottles were scattere
about the room.
Four times previously the syna
gogue has been invaded. Two week
ago thieves took *60 from a poo
box but did no dama^
Democrats Plan
Delegate Bonus
For 'Solid South'
States Won in 1946
To Get 4 Extra Each;
1,206 Total Is Seen
By Gould Lincoln
The Democratic National Com
mittee, at its sessions opening
here tomorrow, is expected to
fix the number of delegates for
the party’s national convention
next year at 1.206, granting a
bonus of four delegates to each
State which went Democratic in
the 1946 elections.
This virtually means a bonus for
the States of the "solid South." The
delegate strength of the 1944 con
vention was 1.176.
Democrats of the South have felt,
ever since the abolishment of the
two-thirds rule for nominating can
didates for President and Vice Pres
ident, that they have had the short
end of the stick, particularly in
view of the fact that they have been
the backbone of the party in good
season and bad.
The allocation of delegate strength
to the various States, the District
of Columbia and the territories has
- been worked out tentatively and
must be approved by the committee
itself
Hannegan Resignation First Topic.
First on the agenda of the com
mittee when it assembled at 11
am. in the Mayflower Hotel will
be the submission of the resigna
tion of National Chairman Robert
E. Hannegan who has held this
office since early in 1944.
Mr. Hannegan, who will retain
the cabinet post as Postmaster
1 | General, has recommended the
»| election of Senator McGrath of
Rhode Island as national chairman,
! with the approval of President
’Truman. McGrath’s election is
I regarded as in the bag.
II As soon as the new chairman has
, been chosen, he will take over the
r meeting. The selection of a site
. and date for the 1949 national con
: vention, and the fixing of the num
: ber of delegates constitute the re
r maining important business of the
; committee. The Republican Na
| tional Convention will take place
. the week of June 21. The practice
■, of the Democrats has been to hold
t j their convention after that of the
31 Republicans, so the Democratic date
i ; will be the last of June or the first
r part of July in all probability.
Delegation Coining Here.
Philadelphia's bid for the Demo
s cratic convention will be presented
1 by a delegation of 100 Philadel
i rhians. headed by Republican Mayor
Bernard Samuel. The Republican
-National Convention already is
e slated for the City of Brotherly
-1 Love. The Philadelphians are Con
Verging on Washington today, bring
- ing with them a certified check for
$200,000 to present to the commit
r tee, and a guarantee of $50,000 more
- for entertainment.
>- muaunimv, wuiiaiw luuvu atn oi4£ —
s gested that the cost of living could
be removed from next year’s list of
campaign issues, if both parties got
together on a solution this winter.
"j Just back from a European in
®!spection trip, the young New Eng
lander unhesitatingly called emer
”! gency aid for the democracies of
f I Western Europe the No. 1 problem
^ for the special session.
r He told a press conference late
yesterday the domestic price situa
s Mon "certainly will be a dominant
.’ issue in the campaign Mn 1948*
j unless something is done before then
] to stabilize prices.”
g May Promote Solution.
1J The man who has been chosen ,
by administration leaders to succeed
[.[Postmaster General Hannegan at
y j the helm of the Democratic organi
- zation, continued:
'J "If both parties desire to give aid
f | to Europe and both parties wish to
r i remove prices as a dominant issue in
e the campaign, there may be a
i desire to get together on a solution."
1 He said he believes the Repubii
cans have “more to fear from a
1 ; price spiral than we have, because
they are the ones who said taking
off restrictions would work.”
In a further hint at a pcsoible bi
partisan approach to inflation as
well as foreign aid, he added such
* an approach would not give Demo
j crats an excuse to block any reason
able solution offered by the other
„ siae.
^ Observers on Capitol Hill were not
j too optimistic, however, over th®
e; possibility of the two parties seeing
r eye to eye on the question of how to
deal with the price issue.
Crawford Urges Probe.
While Senator McGrath was hold
ing his press conference, Represen
e tative Crawford. Republican, of
e Michigan was addressing a letter to
i all members of Congress, asking
y oufiyw* c iui a it.wiuuwii UC Wifi
J offer in the House next month to
"investigate the inflationary policies
e of the Truman administration.”
uj Tlie Michigan Republican said h#
'| <See DEMOCRATS, PageXXi
■ Malayan Bandit Chief
« Killed in Police Raid
ty the Associated Press
KUALA LUMPUR. Malay States,
* Oct. 28—Lee Loy, officially identified
as a major bandit gang chief in the
Malayan State of Selangor, was
shot, and killed by police Monday.
Chen Sang, a gang lieutenant,
i also was killed and two gang mem
bers were captured in a raid on a
t jungle hideout. G. Beverley, chief
. Selangor police officer, led the raid.
Police said they found in the
i hideout uniforms and caps bearing
-|a star and a hammer and sickle
insignia, which the officers said
t was the insignia of what Lee Loy
r | called the "Malayan Chinese
i Peoples' Self-Defense Corps.”
ill3 Missing as Boat Sinks
',I Mamtt.a O', 28 UP). -The Pnflip
5 pine Customs Bureau reported today
that 13 Filipinos were missing in
- ;the sinking of_a fishing boat, the
• Lady Alda, off the Island of Mindoro,
r south of Luzon, last night. Another
vessel rescued 16 other*.

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