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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 30, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy and cool with temperature In lower
60s today. Cloudy, with lowest about 50 to
night. Tomorrow cloudy and cool, some sun
shine in afternoon. (Full report on page A-2.>
Midnight .58 8a.m. ...55 Noon 62
4a.m. .55 10a.m. ...61 1p.m. ...61
6a.m. ...53 11a.m. ...63 2p.m. ...62
I
Late New York Markets, Page A-29.
Guide for Readers
Page.
After Dark C-4
Amusements A-26
Comics _C-10-11
Editorial A-16
Editorial Articles A-17
Finance A-29
Page.
Lost and Found. A-3
Obituary A-24
Radio C-ll
Society, Clubs ...B-3
Sports C-l-3
Woman's Page.. B-12
Art Associated Press Newspaper
95th YEAR. No. 57,798 Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1947— SIXTY PAGES. *★*
City Home Delivery, Dally end 8unday, a? /^T?\rrTQ
$1.20 a Month. When 6 Sundays, $1.30 «» V^-EiiX J. iJ
Taft Skeptical
Of Bipartisan
Inflation Fight
Thinks Two Parties
Are So Far Apart
Pact Is Unlikely
By J. A. O'Leary
Chairman Taft of the Senate
Republican Policy Committee
was skeptical today over the
prospects of a bipartisan solu
tion of the inflation problem at
the coming special session of
Congress as suggested Tuesday
by Senator McGrath of Rhode
Island, new chairman of the
Democratic National Commit
tee.
"I didn't see any evidence of it
in the last session." was Senator
Taft's reply, on the question of bi
partisan price control legislation.
"I haven't agreed with any eco-<
nomic policy the Government has
adopted yet! The whole economic
wV*iir»c/~,r»Hvr nf thp administration
is so at variance with mine I don't
see how we could agree, although
it may be possible."
The new Democratic chairman
had said that prices would be a
major issue next year unless stabil
ized in the meantime and threw
out a hint that this issue could be
eliminated from the campaign if
the parties could work together on
a solution.
Sees G. O. P. Periled Most.
Senator McGrath added his belief
the Republicans have more to fear
from high prices than the Demo
crats.
Passing through Washington to
day from New England. Senator
Taft reiterated his view there is no
legislative panacea for the price
situation and that the causes are
"much more fundamental than sug
gestions so far emanating from the
administration."
Senator Taft also said he:
Sees no need of delaying tax re
duction until the Marshall plan is
enacted.
Believes a tax bill will be started
In the special session, but did not
predict its passage before the reg
ular January session.
Opposes New Rationing.
Again declared his opposition to
restoring price controls and ration
ing, adding his willingness "to listen"
to suggestions for allocation of es
sential commodities.
Believes the temporary foreign aid
bill will lead to simultaneous debate
over the long-range Marshall plan
and sees no reason why both should
not be considered before Christmas
if the long-range plan is ready.
Although discussing the legislative
program freely. Senator Taft shied
away from questions about how his
presidential campaign is progress
ing. He referred these questions to
his campaign manager, Representa
tive Brown, Republican, of Ohio.
"There is still a lot of talk about a
Taft-Stassen ticket," one newsman
suggested.
Won't Talk of Others.
' No. I'm not commenting on otner
candidates or potential candidates
ior President or Vice President,"
Senator Taft replied with a smile.
Senator Taft said the quickest
way to stabilize the price situation
would be: (1) Cut Government ex
penses, (2) cut taxes, (3) control
exports and approach the Marshall
plan with the understanding that
as proposed by the 16 co-operating
European nations it is a threat to
any anti-inflation program in this
country, (4) set up some kind of
control over buying for export and
(5) educate labor that most wage
Increases will be offset by price in
creases, and persuade business that
its own interests demand prices as
low as business can afford.
Krug Collapse Halts
Talk on Reclamation
By the Associated Près»
PHOENIX. Ariz., Oct. 30.—Secre
tary of the Interior Krug became ill
today while delivering a speech be
fore the National Reclamation As
sociation and was unable to continue
He was taken to his hotel room
and a physician was called.
Robert W. Sawyer, president of the
association, finished Mr. Krug's
speech, reading from a manuscript
Members of the Secretary's party
said fatigue probably .caused his ill
ness. They said his condition was
not serious.
He was scheduled to leave by
plane today for Washington but
the flight was cancelled.
William E. Warne, Assistant Sec
retary of the interior, reported that
the physician had described Mr.
Krug's collapse "a fainting spell
Drougnt on Dy exnausuon.
Mr. Warne said Mr. Krug would
have to remain in Phoenix for sev
eral days of rest.
Mr. Krug has traveled extensively
during the last several months.
In his speech Mr. Krug proposed
a. severv-year reclamation construc
tion program costing $2,148,000,000.
Also a message from President
Truman had stressed the need for
long-range planning in reclamation
work.
Plane Flies Vaccine to Egypt
SHANGHAI, Oct. 30 (IP).—A United
States Far East Air Forces mercy
plane, loaded with more than five
tons of vaccine, took off at mid
night for cholera-ridden Egypt after
being held up four days for diplo
matic clearance from Cairo.
Late News
Bulletin
Woman Found Hanged
A woman, identified by police
* as Mae Otis, 60, reportedly a
visitor from Massachusetts,
was found hanged by a rope in
the bathroom of a second-floor
apartment of the Rocking
ham, 1317 Rhode Island avenue
N.W, early this afternoon.
*
il. S. Is Firing More Veterans
Than It Hires, Rees Charges
Former Servicemen Feel Brunt of Cuts
In Federal Agencies, Chairman Asserts
Chairman Rees of the House Civil
Service Committee said today the
Government is firing more war vet
erans than it is hiring,, although
such Federal employes "were prom
ised and have every right to job
security." /
The Kansan said that during the
first nine months of this year 270,
011 veterans have lost their jobs
with the Government. During the
same period, 221,425 veterans, or
48.586 fewer, were hired, he said.
"Veterans who were promised and
! have every right to expect job se
! curity are feeling the full brunt
of the reduction-in-force programs
of the agencies," Mr. Rees said. "In
September alone 34,897 veterans
; were separated from the Federal
service, while only 26,390 veterans
were employed."
Despite the heavy dismissals of
veterans. Mr. Rees said, 818,840 war
service and temporary employes re
mained on the Federal payroll at
the end of September.
At the same time. Mr. Rees
I chargéd that the Civil Service Com
mission is making "little progress"
in its campaign to find jobs for
I displaced career employes. The
commission recently announced a
new program to find jgbs for per
manent-status persons.
Meanwhile, Senator Byrd, Demo
crat, of Virginia, today asked Secre
tary of Defense Forrestal to ex
plain an increase in civilian em
ployment by the Army Depart
ment, which he said was counter to
the trend in other Government
agencies.
Senator Byrd, who heads the
Joint Congressional Committee on
Non-Essentiai Federal Expenditure*,
said that 2.925 civilian employes
were added to the Army Depart
ment in September to boost its
total to 495,227. with most of the
increases in the technical services
and civil functions. He noted that
the Navy Department had continued
its reduction in civilian personnel.
Marshall Works Fast
To Draft Final Plan
For European Aid
Will Submit Program
To Capitol Before Leaving
For London Next Month
By the Associated Press
Secretary of State Marshall
returns to his desk today to take
a leading role in shaping final
recommendations to Congress
for a four-year European recov
ery program that may cost up to
$20,000,000,000.
The program he and other top
administration officials are due to
turn out within the next week is
expected to be laid before congres
sional committees November 10
with the argument that it offers a
"reasonable" chance of (1) saving
Europe from economic disaster and
(2) preventing a vast westward ex
tension of Russian Communism.
Gen. Marshall returned late yes
terday from New York, where he
has made his headquarters for the
past six weeks personally directing
the American diplomatic offensive
in the United Nations Assembly.
Leaves for London Soon.
He is scheduled to remain here
until mid-November, when he will
leave for London and the Big Four
Bsreign Ministers' Conference on a
German peace treaty.
Officials said that despite Gen.
Marshall's close attention to United
Nations affairs in New York, he has
kept himself fully informed of
European recovery planning here
along the self-help lines he himself
suggested last June. Hence, they
say, he is ready to move into the
tasks of the next few days of de
cision at full speed.
The department faces a tight
schedule. Tomorrow, those handling
the plan will hand the Budget Bu
; reau the special request to be made
! of Congress by President Truman
for Sfi42 nnn nnn iri stnn-ean aid this
winter to France and Italy. It is
separate from the Marshall long
range plan.
Outlines Visible Now.
Actually, diplomatic and economic
officials say that while almost no
I final decisions have been made, the
I broad outlines of the Marshall plan
1 already are well laid down. In gen
eral and subject to last-minute
changes, they cover these main
points to be laid before Congress
when the special session opens No
vember 17:
1. The United States would make
available to Europe next year a
combination of relief and recovery
(See FOREIGN AID, Page A-6.)
Standard Boosts
Gas, Fuel Oil Prices
Consumers in Washington today
were paying four-tenths of a cent
more for gasoline at most Standard
Oil stations and eight-tenths of a
cent more for fuel oil as the result
of price increases announced by the
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey.
Under the new rates. Standard
said, its tank wagon price for gaso
line was three-tenths of a cent
higher. Wallace Linfoot, an Esso
dealer and head of the Retail Gaso
line Dealers' Association of Wash
ington, said most Standard stations
had advanced their prices four
tenths of a cent, to 22.5 cents for
regular gasoline and 24.5 cents for
high test.
Mr. Linfoot said sorrçe other com
panies had raised their prices a half
cent some time ago and the four
tenths of a cent raise in response
to the Standard Oil increase was
to equalize retail prices here. He
made it clear the association itseli
was taking no action.
ι ne new retau price lor luei υιι
is 10.9 cents a gallon as a result of
the eight-tenths of a cent increase.
There was an equal increase an
nounced by Standard for kerosene
and Diesel oil.
ί The high prices were attributed
I by Standard to a recent 20-cent-a
j barrel increase in crude oil prices
land to higher freight rates.
U.S., British Ships Collide
In English Channel Fog
By the Associated Près*
LONDON, Oct. 30.—'The Liberty
ship Billings Victory, owned by the
United States Maritime Commission
and the 500-ton British steamei
; Warren Chawe collided in a thick
fog in the English Channel today.
Both were slightly damaged but
continued on their way. There were
no casualties. The Billings Victorj
was bound for Southampton iron:
Sweden.
The fog paralyzed shipping in the
port of London, slowed traffic ir
parts of London and delayed air
planes at Northdlt Airport.
?
/
Antitrust Suit Is Filed
Against 17 Largest
Investment Bankers
Monopoly in Handling
Securities Charged in
Action on New York Firms
By the ciated Press
Attorney General Clark today
announced the filing of a civil
antitrust suit against 17 of the
largest investment banking firms
i in New York. The suit charges
a conspiracy to monopolize the
handling of securities issues.
In additon, the Government asks
for dissolution of the Investment
Bankers' Association of America
which maintains headquarters in
Chicago.
Mr. Clark told a news conference
that suit is being filed in Federal
Court for Southern New York.
Suit "One of Largest."
He described the suit as "one of
I the largest and most important in
the history of the antitrust laws."
The complaint alleges the 17 bank
ing firms "have conspired to re
j strain unreasonably and to monop
j olize the securities business in this
country by restricting, controlling
and fixing the channels and meth
ods, the prices, telros, and conditions
upon which security Issues are
merchandised."
The securities were described in
the suit as covering "stocks, notes,
bonds, debentures or other interest
certificates."
Companies Listed.
The defendants have their prin
cipal offices in New York and many
maintain branch offices elsewhere.
They were named as:
Morgan Stanley & Co., Kuhn
Loeb & Co., Eastman, Dillon & Co.;
I Kidder, Peabody & Co.: Goldman,
ι Sachs & Co.: Lehman Eros.. Smith.
I Barney & Co.; Glore, Porgan & Co.;
j White Weld & Co., Drexel & Co., the
First Boston Corp., Dillon, Read &
Co., Inc.; Blyth & Co., Inc.: Harri
man Ripley & Co., Inc.; Stone &
Webster Securities Corp., Harris,
Hall & Co., Inc., and Union Securi
ties Corp»
Mr. Clark told reporters that some
$20,000,000,000 in securities had been
j issued in the United States during
I the last 10 years, and that the de
! fendants managed the sales of
about 69 per cent of the total, ag
gregating about $14,357,000,000.
Several defendants promptly is
sued statements denying the
charges.
In New York Harold Stanley of
[ Morgan, Stanley & Co. said the suit
j is "utter nonsense."
Charges Are Denied.
"The charges are just not true,"
he said, adding:
"Our business is the irçost com
petitive and the most regulated I
know of. Our daily life is full of
! competition. * * * It is silly to assert
j we have any agreement with any
! one to restrict competition or that
j we are part of a monopoly."
j Col. A. M. Pope, president of the
First Boston Corp., said:
"We find nothing in our own pro
I cedures to warrant the charges made
j by the Attorney General. We do
1 not believe that the best interests
j of either the consumer or labor or
I industry are served by this action
and are confident of vindication in
! the courts."
John M. Hancock, partner of Leh
man Bros., said the charges "do not
jibe with the facts."
"Either these charges are based on
ignorance of how business is done,"
Mr. Hancock said, "or this is an
other campaign against American
π Λ * *■ U « *■ -nri 11
[ not stand the light of day."
I The suit alleged the 17 banking
I firms haa conspired :
1. To eliminate competition amojig
themselves.
2. To eliminate competition of other
investment bankers and of other
prospective purchasers of securities.
3. To prevent, restrain, minimize
ι (See BANKERS, Page A-6.)
Postwar Totalitarianism
Denounced by Pope Pius
By th· Associated Press
VATICAN CITY, Oct. 30.—Pope
Pius XII today denounced postwar
totalitarianism which he said sought
to submit church to state, although
he declared it an error to believe the
two could be entirely separate
The pontiff addressed members of
the sacred Roman Rota, one of the
three highest ecclesiastical courts,
calling on him at the Castel Gan
dolfo summer residence at the start
of their work year.
"The same arguments which the
tyrannical governments of yester
day adduced against the church in
its fight for the defense of divine
! rights and of just dignity and hu
man liberty today are used by new
i rulers to combat her persevering ac
j tion in behalf of truth and Justice,"
'he said.
V
/
Ramadier Wins
Confidence Vote
By Slim Margin
Victory by 24 Votes
Scored at End of
Two-Day Debate
BULLETIN
PARIS <Λ»>. — Premier Paul
Ramadier's coalition govern
ment won A vote of confidence '
from the French National As
sembly tonight in Mr. Rama
dier's move to seer the nation
between the extremes of Com
! murtism and De Gaullism. Tel
lers counting the ballots said
, they believed the Socialist
leader won by 24 votes.
By the Associated Près*
PARIS. Oct. 30.—Socialist Pre
mier Paul Ramadier carried to a
special session of the French
National Assembly today a de
mand for a vote of confidence in
/-»f +Vift r·r\r\ si rrmrrtm _
ment.
Most political observers thought
he would win by a small margin,
with the support of his own Social
ists, the Radical Socialists and
members of the Popular Republican
Movément (MRP)—the parties from
which he drew the members of his
(cabinet, newly streamlined to meet
ί pressing economic and political
(issues facing the nation.
The Assembly convenes at 3 p.m.
The three parties from which Mr.
Ramadier hopes to draw his sup
| port represent a majority in the
j619-member Assembly, but the fig
j ures are complicated by the fact
; that some members of those parties
now are followers of Gen. Charles
de Gaulle, victor in the recent
municipal elections.
Safety Margin Narrowed.
The margin by which Mr. Ram
adier's followers hoped to achieve
victory was narrowed last night
when leaders of the Republican
Rally (RGR) — which represents
about 10 per cent of the Assembly—
i urged its members to vote against
him. The group lost three of its
j ministers when Mr. Ramadier re
shuffled his cabinet last week, but
still has two representatives in the
government.
I It was believed the latter—Jus
tice Minister Andre Marie and
Minister of State Yvon Delbos—
might resign as a result of the deci
sion by the RGR's Directive Com
mittee.
How the committee's action
would affect the vote was uncer
tain. Before its announcement,
however, political observers had
estimated that possibly 250 votes
mignt De cast against ine i-remier.
Mr. Ramadier opened his fight
for the life of his government Tues
day in the Assembly, assailing Gen.
de Gaulle as a modern "Caesar"
and wrangling with the Communists
in a fist-shaking, screaming debate.
Ramadier Warns of Blocs.
Referring to Gen. de Gaulle and
the general's new political party,
the Rally of the French People
(RFP), Mr. Ramadier jibed:
"A new party exists. Wé will
know in a few days its parliamen
tary strength. Perhaps some day
we will be informed of its policy.
We know it has a chief."
"There are men," he declared,
"who want to divide the country
into two blocs. I warn you this can
Only result in economic ruin and
civil war."
Jacques Duclos, French Communist
[leader, attacked Mr. Ramadier for
his support of the Marshall plan
and accused the Premier of being
subservient to "American im
perialism."
Deputies shrieked "Petkov, Pet
kov," as Mr. Duclos spoke, a refer
ence to the recent execution of
Nikola Petkov, opposition leader, by
the pro-Communist government of
Bulgaria. Mr. Ramadier leaped to
his feet and shouted at Mr. Duclos:
"Bring the proofs or shut up."
The Assembly was in recess yes
terday.
McNayr Called to Testify
On Criticism of Morgan
Montgomery County Supervisor
Irving C. McNayr and his secre
tary today were summoned to tes
tify before a notary public about a
statement issued in connection with
a salary slash for Civil Service Com
missioner Jo V. Morgan several
I weeks ago.
! Mr. McNayr and the secretary,
(Mrs. Eleanor Lanigan, were noti
nea to appear Dei ore me notary ai
19:30 a.m. Wednesday in the Rock
i ville Volunteer Fire Department
Building. The summons was issued
i by Circuit Court Clerk Clayton K.
] Watkins, at the request of James
JR. Miller, Mr. Morgan's attorney.
| Court attaches said the purpose of
the hearing is to determine who
wrote a statement given to reporters
charging Mr. Morgan with "dilatory
service" as civil service commis
sioner.
The statement followed action by
the county commissioners cutting
Mr. Morgan's salary frori} $4.800 to
$1,200 a year.
The commissioners, their clerk
and attorneys were notified of the
summons, but neither Mr. Morgan
nor his lawyer would comment.
Philippines Ask 4 Billion
As Japanese War Claim
By the Associated Press
MANILA, Oct. 30.—The Philip
pines government has entered a
$4,198,675,244 claim against Japan
for war indemnity, the Evening
News said today.
The newspaper quoted a high
government source as sayirtg the
claim was filed with the Far East
ern Commission in Washington by
Brig. Gen. Carlos P. Romulo, the
commission's Philippine member.
New Medical Substance Kills
Τyphus, Other Deadly Germs
Chloromycetin Effective on Spotted Fever,
Parrot Fever and One Filterable Virus
By Thomas R. Henry
The first substance—an anti
biotic of the type of penicillin
and streptomycin—which is ef
fective against a great family of
microscopic organisms responsi
ble for some of the worst human
diseases was announced here
today.
It may constitute one of the most
significant medical developments of
this generation.
This material, Chloromycetin, has
proved effective experimentally
against the type of micro-organisms
known as rickettsia, responsible foi
typhus and a host of other maladies
and against one filterable virus.
It was obtained from a minute
organism closely related to that
from which streptomycin was se
cured. found in a mulched fisld neai
Caracas, Venezuela, and isolated b>
Dr. Paul R. Burkholder of Yale
University.
; Parke, Davis Co. of Detroit and
'tested on egg embryos and infected
mice at the Army Medical Center
; here by Drs. J. E. Smadel and Ε. B.
'Jackson.
It has proved effective against
ΐ the rickettsia responsible for scrub
j typhus, ordinary typhus, marine
j typhus, spotted fever and the newly
discovered ricksettial pox and
against psittocosis, or parrot fever,
which is caused by a filterable virus.
The experiments are so conclusive,
Dr. Smadel reports, that the sub
i stance probably will be valuable in
I treatment of human cases.
This may open the doors to treat
Jment of the rickettsial anà virus
! diseases with a group of new anti
biotics as bacterial diseases now are
1 treated with penicillin, streptomycin
and the sulpha drugs. The maladies
mentioned are among the greatest
scourges of the human race.
In only one previous case, $s yet
unpublished, has any antibiotid been
I lS»« WFNTR.V Pacrp A-fi.i
Five Masked Bandits
Get $110,000 Payroll
At Plant in Boston
Sixth Man Waits in Car
At Westinghouse Corp.
To Make Getaway
By the λ. elated Press
BOSTON, Oct. 30. — Five
masked bandits held up a fac
tory office today and took a
$110,000 payroll.
The men, two of them armed with
sawed-off shotguns, walked into the
office of the Sturtevant division of
Westinghouse Electric Corp. in Hyde
Park only 15 minutes after an
armored truck delivered the money
in small bills.
When some of the office workers
indicated they thought it a prank,
one of the robbers shouted men
acingly: "This is no Halloween
party."
They escaped in a large sedan in
which a sixth member of the band
waited at the wheel.
Dressed in Overalls.
Dressed in overalls, the men en
tered the plant grounds unnoticed
among workmen arriving for the
day.
During the holdup, one of the
bandits wore a gunnysack over his
head, two had harlequin masks over
the upper parts of thei? faces. The
others had makeshift masks.
Two of the men went directly to
the switchboard, ordering two tele
phone operators away from their
places.
One of them broke all connec
tions and herded the operators into
the main office, where 20 employes
were ordered to lie down with their
faces to the floor.
Two other bandits went directly
to a large vault, where Paymaster
R. W. Marshall and five employes
I sat around a table, just beginning
to count tne money ior tne pay
envelopes of 2,000 employes.
Money Put in Bag.
Mr. Marshall and his aids were
forced to stand, facing a wall, while
'the men pushed the money into a
bag.
The fifth bandit, meanwhile, went
to the main entran ν where he
knocked down John Cheever, 62, a
special police guard, with a blow
in the face.
One of the bandits in the main
office said:
"We don't want to hurt anybody—
all we went is the cabbage.''
,In the vault, the bandits an
nounced "this is a stickup, stand
with your faces to the wail."
The bandits left behind an un
determined amount of money in
silver which was delivered with the
bills for the payroll.
Police Commissioner Thomas F.
Sullivan described the holdup as the
"biggest and boldest" in Boston
police records.
»
House Committee Report
On Taxes Due Nov. 3
By th· Associated Pr»s«
The House Ways and Means Com
mittee said today that the report
of its Special Tax Study Committee,
dealing with the revision of tax
methods, will be received Novem
ber 3.
à
Oregon Search Party
Finds Plane Wreckage
And Governor's Body
Two Other Top Officials
And Pilot Also Killed
In Demolished Craft
By th· A . - ed Preti
KLAMATH FALLS, Oreg., Oct.
30.—The Wreckage of a plane
carrying Gov. Earl Snell of Ore
gon and two other top officials
and the pilot was reached by a
search party today and there
were no survivors, Fremont For
est Supervisor Merle Lowden said
today.
Mr. Lowden said that Ranger
Jack Smith, with the party at the;
wreckage, reported by portable radio
that the aircraft was completely
demolished and four bodies were
found.
Mr. Lowden said that an attempt
would be made immediately to es
tablish further communication with
the crew. He said he believed the
bodies are now being moved out.
The shattered wreckage was
sighted and identified late yesterday
by two civilian pilots who reported
the small craft was "so damaged
that no one could be alive."
The party left here Tuesday
night on a one-hour flight to Lake
County's Warner Valley to hunt
ducks and geese.
Speaker Next in Line.
Aboard the single-engine, four
place sports plane were Gov. Snell,
52; State Senate President Mar
shall Cornett, 49, next in line of
succession to the governorship;
Secretary of State Robert S. Farrell,
jr., 41, and Cliff Hogue, 42, Klamath
Welle fV»t. ni 1 /-if
The search was centered in a
small sector of heavy timbered ter- ;
rain in the Rim Rock country 70
miles east of here and a few miles
north of the Oregon-California
border.
The Forest- Service established]
headquarters at the Dog Lake
guard station, approximately 4 miles
j east of the scene of the crash. !
: Searchers criss-crossed the imme- ;
diate area all night, but failed to!
I find the plane because of the dark
j ness and the density of the forest.
Confirmation of the death of the
Governor and his normal successor,
the Senate president, automatically
: (See GOVERNOR, Page A-6.) |
Bavarian Leader Abandons
Red Party After 27 Years
ty th« Associated Press
MUNICH, Germany. Oct. 30 — |
Heinrich Schmitt, first „ Bavarian
Minister of Denazification, said to
day he had broken with the Com
! mirnist. Party after 27 years of mem
! bership.
"I canceled my membership be
cause I am opposed to the idea of
implanting Russian conditions in
Germany," he told an interviewer.
"I am and I always shall be a
Marxist, but I am not a stubborn
dogmatist, and I think what is good ;
for Russia is not necessarily good
for other countries."
Mr. Schmitt spent 12 years In *
Nazi concentration camp. '
dl·
Newlnquestto Be Held
Next Wednesday in
Bunch Death Case
Deputy Coroner Agrees
To Fay's Request to
Hear New Evidence
Deputy Coroner Christopher
J. Murphy today called a new in
quest to hear additional evidence
concerning the death of John
Forrest Bunch, 64-year-old car
penter who died in Gallinger
Hospital last August 4.
Dr. Murphy announced the in
quest would be held next Wednes
day, beginning at 10 a.m. He said it
had been requested by United States
Attorney George Morris Fay in a
letter to Coroner A. Magruder Mac
Donald.
' Attorney General Clark mean
while told a press conference that
the Justice Department has "about
completed" its investigation into the
Bunch case.
"The criminal division is now con
sidering it," he said, adding that the
Federal Bureau of Investigation has
completed its inquiry.
The cabinet officer refused to
comment on the contents of the FBI
report, indicating that would be
improper at this time.
Limited to New Evidence.
In regard to the new Bunch in
quest, Deputy Coroner Murphy, who
presided at the first inquest, when
a jury decided Mr. Bunch died acci
dentally, said he also would conduct
the new hearing and the same cor
oner's jury would sit.
Dr. Murphy pointed out to re
porters he had stated after the first
inquest that the case was closed as
far as the coroner's office was con
cerned. He explained, however, he
concurred with Mr. Fay as to the
advisability of a further hearing to
present evidence turned up by the
several investigations conducted
since the first death verdict.
Dr. Murphy said the inquest
Wednesday would be confined to
the "new and additional evidence"
mentioned in Mr. Fay's letter. He
said the witnesses called at the
initial hearing would not be heard
except as further testimony by them
appeared advisable in the light of
the new data.
New Evidence Not Disclosed.
In replying by letter to Mr. Fay
on behalf of the coroner, Dr. Mur
phy wrote that his office "will be
most willing to co-operate with the
office of the district attorney and
all the investigating agencies named
in your communication and will
reopen this case and have presented
to the same jury the newly discov
ered evidence."
Mr. Fay had been requested by
the Commissioners last week to in
vestigate the death of Mr. Bunch
and to present all evidence to the
grand jury.
In deciding to ask reopening of
fhp rasp hv thp coroner, however.
Mr. Fay indicated he felt whatever
further was done should be done ί>ι
public, as at a coroner's inquest,
rather, than in the secret grand jury
procedure.
Mr. Pay did not mention any
specific item of new evidence, but
called attention to the three investi
gations made since the case pre
sumably was closed by the verdict
of the coroner's jury.
Three Groups Investigating.
The three independent inquiries
include:
1. Mr. Fay's study, initiated after
(See BUNCH, Page A-6.)
Hungarian Statement Due
On Arrest of AP Secretary
By the Associated Pre»
BUDAPEST, Oct. 30.—Laszlo
Rajki Communist Interior Minister,
promised to issue a statement today
concerning the arrest and interroga
tion of Miss Elizabeth Pallos, secre
tary in the Associated Press off.ce in
Budapest who has been held £y
Hungarian authorities since Mon
day.
An American Legation official said
last night that Communist Foreign
Minister Erik Molnar's secretary was
"most unco-operative" when the
Legation phoned to ask when Amer
ican officials could interview Miss
Pallos—an American citizen.
Previously the Legation had otnt
a notice to the Hungarian Foreign
Ministry demanding the right to
interview Miss Pallos under terms
of existing treaties.
Hungarian police refused to state
where or on what charges Miss
Pallos was being held.
Witness Called
To Tell Inquiry
Of Red 'Spying'
Jackson, Committee
Investigator, Begins
'Surprise' Testimony
BULLETIN
The House Committee on
Un-American Activities this
afternoon called Louis J. Rus
sell, a committee investigator,
; as its "surprise witness" to ex
pose what Chairman Thomas
has called Communist "atom
ι bomb espionage."
1 A refugee playwright's firm
ι assertion to the House Commit
1 tee on Un-American Activities
I today that he was not a Commu
' nist climaxed a session in which
J the committee recommended
that two more Hollywood writers
j be cited for contempt of Con
; gress.
ine crerman reiugee piaywrigni
was Berthold Brecht, who told in
halting English the story of his
i flight from naziism, resisted the
i committee investigator's efforts to
link him with communinsm and re
ferred to Hanns Eisler as "an old
friend." Eisler. Hollywood compos
| er. has been charged by the com
mittee with being a Communist.
Latest to face contempt action
for avoiding questions as to their
reported Communist affiliations
j were :
j Ring Lardner, jr., son of the late
S noted writer, who left the stand
I declaring he could answer the com
jmittee's "$64 question," but if he
'did "I'd hate myself in the morn
! ing."
I Lester Cole, another screen writ
] er, whose appearance was briefer
I but ended in the same way as had
Mr. Lardner's.
Witness Called "Good Example."
Committee Investigator Louis J.
Russell testified that both Mr. Cole
; and Mr. Lardner had held Com
munist Party cards.
In contrast with the two witnesses
i who preceded him, Mr. Brecht oc
cupied the witness stand for nearly
an hour and left with the thanks
ί of Chairman Thomas, who told him
j he was a "good example to the other
! witnesses" and to attorneys for 19
j of them—Robert W. Kenny and
! Bartley C. Crum.
Chewing vigorously on a long
I cigar, Mr. Brecht asked for the
services of an interpreter. David
! Baumgardt of the Library of Con
i gress was sworn in for that duty,
i but Mr. Brecht asked his help only
! on an occasional word.
When Chief Investigator Robert
j E. Stripling asked him if he had
ever been a member of the Com
munist Party in any country, Mr.
Brecht asked first to read his state
! ment. When Mr. Thomas termed
j the statement "a very interesting
i Ktnrv nf Oermnn life, but, not at all
pertinent to this inquiry," Mr.
Brecht took the refusal with a phil
osophical shrug.
"Refreshing" Testimony.
He said he had heard his col
leagues—those recommended for
contempt citation^-—say they con
sidered the question should not be
asked, but he said with some dig
nicy:
"I am a guest in this country and
I don't want to enter into any legal
arguments, so I will answer the
question. I was not and am not
a member of any Communist Party."
1 There was a long pause. Then
Mr. Thomas observed: "Well, that's
refreshing."
Mr. Stripling, in his questioning,
had brought out that Mr. Brecht
came to this country in 1941 on a
j (See UN-AMERICAN, Page Α-4.Γ"
Philippine Vessel
Sinking in Typhoon
By the Associated Press
MANILA, Oct, 30.—Towering seas
whipped by the winds of a typhoon
frustrated attempts today to rescue
26 crewmen and one or more
; passengers from the stricken motor
ship FS-277, in distress in Butuan
Bay in the Mindanao Sea.
The FS-362 reported this after
noon that the 270-ton interisland
freighter was "in a sinking condi
tion very close off shore." Ahead
j of the distressed vessel lay the
rocky cliffs of Mount Tubay, in
Northern Minadanao.
The FS-362, in a message inter
cepted by Globe Wireless, said it
had been forced to give up rescue
attempts and seek shelter because
ί of the violent seas.
I
WhattheRussians
Are Saying of Us:
The Moscow radio, broadcasting in
Czech and Slovak to Europe, said:
"The great Russian satirist,
Schedrin, created in his· book,
"The Town of Glupov," the char
acter oi the town commandant,
Perekahvat Zalikhvatsky, who
distinguished himself by entering
the town on a white horse, burn
ing down the school and exter
minating science. The chairman
of the Congressional Committee
on Un-American Activities by far
surpasses this Russian town com
mandant.
"On a truly American scale, he
is wiping out not only science, but
art as well, and even all efforts
by Americans to devote them
selves to art and learning without
a permit from the authorities. In
the United States now, a provoca
tive spectacle is the opening of in
vestigations into the activities oi
Communists said to have pene
trated into Hollywood. The aim
of this campaign is the intimida
tion of all progressive Intellectual»
in the United States. It is thu»
part of the general campaign con
| ducted by American reaction
against all progressive individual»
and organizations in America."
Λ

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