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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 30, 1947, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1947-10-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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Byrd Asks Forrestal
;To Explain Overlap'
In Liaison Offices
Secretary of Defense Forrestal was
jcalled on today by Chairman Byrd
of the Joint Congressional Commit
tee on Non-Essential Federal Expen
ditures to explain why the Air Force
end the Army should set up separate
legislative liaison offices at a time
when the armed forces are being
, The Senator said his letter was
prompted by one from Mai. Gen.
Wilton B. Parsons of the Depart
ment of the Army, informing him
that the Air Force is establishing
its own liaison office.
The Senator wants to know how
inany persons will be assigned to the
Hew office and the estimated cost.
• "Advice is requested also," the
Senator wrote, "as to why, in the
hame of unification, one such office
cannot be made to suffice for both
the Army Department and Air
Force. In addition, I would appre
ciate being supplied with organiza
tion charts for both the Army De
partment and the Air Force which
would show any and all duplication
and overlapping of administrative
and service facilities."
The Senator also made public his
monthly report showing that, al
though Federal employment con
tinued a gradual decrease in Sep- j
tember. the total is still slightly!
more than 2.000,000. During the
month 21 agencies reported net in-:
creases, but the overall total went j
down by about 20.000. The total at j
the end of September was 2,010,781.,
(Continued From First Page.)
quota immigration visa and has
taken out his first papers.
"Is it true you have written a
number of very revolutionary poems,
plays and other writings?" asked
Mr. Stripling.
"I have written a number of
poems, songs and plays and of
course they can be considered revo
lutionary because I called for the
overthrow of the German govern
ment," the refugee playwright
"We are not interested in any j
works written for the overthrow of i
Germany," Mr. Thomas told Mr. i
Mr. Stripling told the chairman !
the witness had written works with
Hanns Eisler that "seemed to be !
Important in the international Com
munist movement."
Invited to Moscow Twice.
Mr. Stripling asked Mr. Brecht if !
he had ever been to Moscow. He '
said he had been invited there '
The investigator wanted to know
if the witness had ever visited the
Soviet Consulate in Hollywood. He
said he had been there three or ;
four times to receptions and "fes- ;
Mr. Stripling asked if Gerhard
Eisler had ever visited him. He said j
Gerhard had been there several j
times with his brother, Hanns, and |
several times alone.
"We played chess and we talked ι
about politics."
"About politics?" repeated Mr.'
"Yes, he ι Gerhard» is a specialist!
in such. He is a politician, so he ]
knew very much more than I did'
ah/VSUK 1/lJfc Oiuiauuu 111 VJCiiliail,) .
"Did you collaborate on a song, ι
'In Praise of Learning' with Hanns I
Eisler?" the investigator asked.
"Did I collaborate? I wrote it. He j
just, wrote the music," said the artist !
Line From Chorus of Song.
The chorus of one of the songs. '
as read by the committee counsel,)
had the refrain:
"You must learn to take over," |r
Mr. Brecht said a more accurate s
translation would be:
"You must learn to take the lead." 1
Another verse, which Mr, Strip- j1
ling attributed to Mr. Brecht, with
music by Hanns Eisler. had a line: !'
"Don't hesitate to ask questions, i1
Comrade." '
Mr. Brecht said he had never seen
that translation, but it apparently1'!
was made from a poem he wrote I
several years ago and was put to J
Mr. Eisler's music.
Mr. Brecht was asked about his j
own answers to immigration officials (
when he came to this country. He .
said he,gave the "usual answer" about' j
not intending to overthrow the Gov-(
ernment. |
No Official Approach.
In response to further questions!
whether he had been asked to join1,
the Communist Party, he said nei- <
ther Hanns nor Gerhard Eisler had
ever asked him to do so and "there;·
never was an official approach made
to me." 1 (
The witness added that he "might j *
have been" asked informally by j ι
readers or acquaintances to become 1
a Communist. - 1
"But I decided it wasn't my busi
ness to join the Communist Party," ι
he explained. '
Mr. Lardner and Mr. Cole became 1
the ninth and tenth men to face
contempt action as the committee 1
continued to work its way through j
witnesses reportedly "hostile" to the ; :
investigation of communism in the '1
movie capital. i '
When Mr. Lardner took the stand
the committee Taried its routine by j1
telling him he could read his pre- ;
pared statement after he testified.
Then came the routine question.
Was he,, a member of the Screen
Writers' Guild?
Limit to Co operation. I
"I want to be co-operative." the
32-year-old writer began. "But 1
there are limits to my co-operation. ! ;
I don't want to help you divide or|<
smash this guild."
"Now, Mr. Lardner," interrupted j 1
Mr. Thomas, "don't you do like the l·
others have done or you'll never readj|
m ci ι >*ίαιι.ϋΐνιιΐ'·
"But, Mr. Chairman," protested
the witness, "I understood you to
say I would be permitted to read
the statement."
Mr. Thomas told him if he re
fused to answer questions he would
not permit him to read it.
Mr. Thomas told Mr. Stripling to
"go on to the S64 question"—mem
bership in the Communist Party.
The witness charged that the·
committee was "trying through me;
to discredit the guild and the whole
industry through the guild."
"Any real American," said the!
chairman, underlining real, "would!
be proud to answer that question.";
"I could answer but I'd hate my- j
self in the morning," replied the
That ended his appearance.
Accuses Committee.
Mr. Russell took the stand to tes
tify he had located a Communist
Par:y card made out to "Ring L.,"
LARDNER LEAVES STAND—While a policeman stands by, Ring
Lardner, jr., leaves the witness stand after refusing to tell the
House Committee on Un-American Activities today whether he
is or has been a member of the Communist Party. —AP Photo. (
which, he said, turned out to be Mi
The committee investigator's re
port listed Mr. Lardner as havini
oeen affiliated with many allegedl;
Communist front groups, Mr. Strip
ling stated. He said Mr. Lardnei
as chairman of a Screen Writers
Guild Committee, sponsored thi
James M. Cain plan for "literar;
dictatorship through the so-callet
American Authors' Authority."
Other Organizations.
Other organizations with whicl
Mr. Lardner was affiliated, Mi
Stripling asserted, were the Holly
wood Writers' Mobilization, Amer·
ican Youth for Democracy, Call
fornia Action Conference for Civi
Rights, American Friends of Span·
ish Democracy and Veterans of thi
Abraham Lincoln Brigade, Progrès·
sive Citizens of America, League o;
American Writers, Artists' Front t<
Win the War and the Voice of Free·
iom Committee.
Writer Dorothy Parker, who wa:
among the spectators at today'!
hearing, was an organizer of thf
Voice of Freedom Committee anc
her "record of affiliation with Com
munist-front organizations is sel
forth in a separate report," Mr
Stripling stated.
In the prepared statement he had
ίο opportunity to read, Mr. Lardnei
asserted that "compared to what 1
lave seen recently. Hollywood is e
jitadel of freedom." He described
Adolphe Menjôu and John C. Mof
fttt, earlier witnesses before the
committee, as "throwing so many
furtive glances over their shoulders
that they run a serious risk of dis
Mr. Lardner said he was not dis
turbed by "preposterous documents
jrour investigators produce from un
lamed sources describing my affilia·
ions." He said his own war record
»nd the career of his father and of
lis brothers disprove any charges
hat he was un-American.
Disturbed by Motive.
He was disturbed, he said, by "the
ltimate purpose behind" the cur
ent investigation. He warned
gainst the danger of an "industry
lacklist" and "shackling" of the
lotion picture industry, and later
he press, radio and education.
Mr. Cole's appearance on the
tand was briefer and less stormy
han that of Mr. Lardner, but it
nded up the same way.
He asked to read a prepared
tatement. but was informed by Mr.
rhomas that "it is clearly another
ase of vilification and not per
inent to this hearing.'i
When Mr. Stripling asked him ii
le belonged to the Screen Writers
îuild. Mr. Cole began: "I beiieve
he reason that question is asked
s "
"No! No! No!" Mr. Thomas
houted. "Answer the question."
Balks at Simple Answer.
"I'm sorry, Mr. Chairman." the
fitness said, "I have to answer the
[uestion in my own way."
"It's a very simple question. Can't
ou answer it by yes or no?" Mr.
Thomas demanded.
"My answer is very simple," Mr.
'ole said. "I am not unable to an
wer it by yes or no. but I feel I
nust make the answer in my own
tray. It cannot be answered simply
iy yes or no."
Mr. Thomas wanted to know how
nuch time the witness would need
Γ allowed to answer it in his own
"Oh," Mr. Cole responded, "any
where from a minute to 20 minutes."
Mr. Cole went through the same
outine when asked if he is or ever
îad been a member of the Com
nunist Party.
"The reason that question is being
isked is that an election is about
ο be. held in the Writers' Guild—
ind "
Escorted From Stand.
"Answer the question." Mr.
rhomas demanded, pounding his
"Just let me answer it in my own
vay," Mr. Cole begged, as a Capitol
)oliceman escorted him from the
vllness stand.
Mr. Thomas plans to announce
ater today the names of the 79
illltMlllllllllllllllllllllllllllll Hlllllllllllllllllllllllllillll
. persons on whom he previously
stated committee investigators had
• assembled a mass of documentary
; ; evidence as to Communist and Com
' inunist-front affiliations. He said
• the evidence would be introduced at
, the same time.
Now nearing the end of their gec
? j ond week, the hearings probably will
' end tomorrow. Mr. Thomas said. He
I ! estimated that between 9 and 12
J witnesses are yet to be heard.
I The committee head also indicated,
II however, there was a prospect of an
; entire new series of hearings later
i concerning .specific instances of as
! serted Communist tinges to films
I released for general distribution. He
I said one of today's witnesses might
touch on this matter but commented
i that "in another phase of the hear
| ings, we may devote all of our time j
I to that."
11 He revealed committee investi
; gators were studying carefully about
j 20 motion pictures and a number
' of scripts.
ί "I don't know of any outright
j Communist films." Mr. Thomas said,
"but there are lines writers have
put in many films that indicate
Communist infiltration.''
Four Cited Yesterday.
Those ordered from the stand
yesterday and subsequently recom
mended to be cited for contempt
ι were Edward Dmytryk and Adrian
; Scott, director and producer, respec
I lively, of the film, "Crossfire"?
ι Screen Writer Samuel Ornitz arid
Wriiter-Director Herbert J. Bibeï
I man.
Mr. Dmytryk and Mr. Scott were
followed at the afternoon session by
Dore Schary, executive in charge
! of production at the R-K-O stu
jdios. Mr. Schary insisted that no
j matter what he had heard or read
j he could not decide on the employ·'
I ment of any person other than on
j a basis of ability until "it is proven
that a Communist is a man dedi
cated to the overthrow of the Gov
ernment by force or violence or any,
illegal means."
Independence Square's Use
j For Rally Is Up to Court
PHILADELPHIA. Oct. 30 (&).—
I Federal Judge Guy K. Bard will de
| cide whether Independence Square1
j can be used for a rally to protest the
I House investigation of Hollywood
j Communist activities.
The Eastern Pennsylvania chap
| ter of the Progressive Citizens of
America in a petition filed in Dis
! trict Court charges that city officials
I refused permission for the meeting
j in violation of the Constitution,
ι The PCA in a statement urged
/'abolition of the Thomas-Rankin I
[Un-American Committee because it ί
! ViηηΛ larrol oiithftrHv whatcneviir
to question citizens about their po
litical beliefs."
PCA said the so-called 19 "un
friendly witnesses" at the commit
tee hearing in Washington would
speak at Saturday's rally, including
Alvah Bessie, Herbert Biberman,
Edward Dmytryk, Ring Lardner, jr.,
John Howard Lawson and Larry
Some of the first watches were ofj
globular form and called "Nuern-;
burg eggs," after the German city;
of their manpfacture.
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Foundry Methodist Church
16th end Ρ St s. N.W.
Friday, Oct. 31—8:00 P.M.
Dr. Hozen G. Werner, of Drew University,
will speak on "The Great Deception"
I Publie Invited
Lester Cole, another writer,
follows In the same pattern.
—Star Staff Photo.
» Berthold Brecht, refugee
playwright, testifies he is not
a Communist.
—Star Staff Photo.
land Tells Auto Clubs
International Trend
Has Too Many Bars
Tourists and businessmen should
be permitted to travel from one
country to another on short notice
"without being subjected to the de
lays and inconveniences caused by
existing red tape," Vice Admiral
Emory S. Land, retired, president
of the Air Transport Association,
told delegates to the Inter Amer
ican Federation of Automobile Clubs
He spoke at a luncheon meeting,
at the Statler Hotel, preceding the
3 p.m. inaugural session of the fed
jeration's seventh general assembly
: at the Pan American Union Build
! ing.
The United States has been one
of the offenders in maintaining
travel restrictions, Admiral Land
declared, but recently has showed
interest in modifying its curbs.
Approximately 125 delegates and
wives from 19 American nations this
morning greeted District Commis
sioners as their president, Carlos
Anesi of Argentina and H. J. Brun
mer of the American Automobile
Association, host organization for the
four-day session, received the "keys
to the city" in a ceremony at the Dis
trict Building.
William Dawson, special represen
tative of the United States to the
Pan American Union, addressed a
luncheon of delegates* wives early
this afternoon at the Carlton Hotel.
The wives were guests of the Wom
en's Safety Committee of the A. A.
A.'s District division.
Senator Brewster, Republican, of
Maine was among speakers on the
program this afternoon at the first
general assembly meeting.
School Roll Increases
FRANKFURT </P>.—The number
of United States dependent children
attending school in the American
zone of Germany is 3.380, the
European command announces. The
number Is 400 greater than last year.
The Denison Dam in Texas has a
reservoir with an area of 220 square
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Assembly Ιο Debate
Sales Levy Revision,
County lax Powers
8y »h· Aitociottd Fr»»«
ANNAPOLIS, Md„ Oct. 30.—A
five-point legislative program, which
among other things will include
sales tax revision and may include
new taxing powers for Montgomery
County, began to take final form
Gov. Lane and his advisers started
a series of conferences on the exact
form in which administration bills
will be presented when the General
Assembly meets in special session
next Wednesday.
The main issues up for discussion
included :
Amendment of the 2 per cent
sales tax law, possibly to Increase
the exemption from 9kto 14 cents,
and to give the Board of Public
Worka authority to change the ex
emption level if and when fiscal
conditions permit.
New taxing authority for Balti
more City to take the place of cer
tain powers which will expire in
December. Some of the larger coun
ties, notably Baltimore and Mont
gomery, have indicated they would
seek similar authority.
The main purpose of the special
session is to provide more revenue
for Baltimore City.
Although details were not dis- i
closed, in general the measure will |
stipulate that the city must stay
out of taxation fields occupied by
the State—such as income tax,1
sales tax and motor fuel taxes. j
Although the big counties have
expressed interest in getting the
same thing, any move in that di
rection probably will meet with op
position on the floor of the Legis- J
Hearing Starts on Plea
For New Eisler Trial
Gerhart Eisler's attorneys began!
argument today in District Court
for a new trial on his conviction for
making a false statement in applying
for an alien departure permit in
September, 1945.
The motion was heard by Justice
James W. Morris, who presided at
the trial.
Eisler, 54, a German, has been
called the leading Communist in
this country. He has, however,
never been sentenced. His lawyer's
main contention in asking a new
trial is that the jury was prejudiced
by "needless" evidence offered by !
the Government.
Attorney A. J. Isserman argued {
that the prosecution "went far be- ;
yond the needs of evidence" in pre- j
senting the case to the jury. Also i
representing Eisler at the hearing
are Attorneys David Rein and Mrs.
Carol King.
The motion for a new trial is i
being opposed by Assistant United |
States Attorney William Hitz, who j
prosecuted Eisler.
In June, Eisler was sentenced to j
a year in jail and fined $1,000 for
:ontempt of Congress, but appealed j
ind has remained out on bond pend- |
ing a hearing on the appeal.
Virginia Justices to Meet j
RICHMOND, Va., Oct. 30 i/P).— J
The Virginia Trial Justices' Asso-I]
ciation will open a two-day con-|i
vention here today. ji
U. S. Court Verdict Expected
Monday in Trial oISS Men
By th· AtiocioUd Prtu
NUERNBERG, Oct. 30. — An1
American court will hand down its |
verdict next Monday in the case:
of 18 SS officers charged with being
the brains and moving force be
hind the Third Reich's infamous
system of concentration camps.
Judgment will be read by Presi
dent Judge Robert M. Toms of De
troit against 4 generals, 11 colonels,
1 major, a captain and an execu
tive officer.
No. 1 defendant is Oswald Pohl,
SS Obergruppenfuehrer who was
chief of the SS main economic and
administrative departments. The
others in the dock All were subordi
nate to Pohl.
In five months of testimony, Pros
ecutors Jack Robbins and James K.
Hlggins developed testimony that
Pohl and his associates were more
aware of conditions in the death
camps than any other single group.
Airliner With Engine Afire
Lands in Philadelphia
By th· Associated Prm
twin-engine airliner carrying a
group of workers from Newark,
N. J., back to their homes in Puerto
Rico, landed safely here last night
with one engine afire.
The DC-3 plane with 17 passen
gers and a crew of three was coming
in for a scheduled landing at South
west Airport when the pilot informed j
the control tower the port engine
was ablaze.
He was instructed to land on a
far runway and keep the plane away
from buildings and other planes
parked on the field. Firemen ex
tinguished the blaze a few minutes
after the plane landed. None of the
passengers, including the Puerto
Ricans who had completed work
contracts in this country, was hurt.
Stranded Vatican Choir
Gets Financial Support
By the Associated Press
PHOENIX, Ariz., Oct. 30.—The
Vatican Choir, after being stranded
here an extra day because of a lack
of sufficient traveling funds, was
scheduled to continue its singing en
gagements lonigni in ûiy, iNev.
Late yesterday financial support
came from Pay Fabiani, Los Angeles
exporter, through arrangements
made by Dr. Mario Proflli, Italian
Consul at Los Angeles.
The choir sang in Phoenix Mon
day night and was scheduled to leave .
Tuesday but its two bus drivers re- ,
fused to go further without pay,
which they said was several weeks
In arrears.
The choir left here yesterday.
Expose of Quebec Plot
By Reds Expected Soon
By th· Associated Press
MONTREAL, Oct, 30.—The news
paper Le Canada said today it had
learned from "a source worthy of
credence" that Quebec Province
Premier Maurice Duplessis would
announce shortly the discovery of j
an alleged Communist plot to dam- !
age religious property in Montreal.
There was no inpnediate comment a
by provincial authorities nor by po
lice or religious sources.
The paper said Mr. Duplessis was
planning the announcement "to
show to what point Communistic
activities have reached" In Canada. 9
Bryan Facing Charge
Of Homicide in Morris
Death in Auto Crash
Fred A. Bryan, chairman of the
Fairfax County Republican Execu
tive Committee, today was charged
with homicide in the death of Lem
uel B. Morris, Republican candi
date lor the Fairfax Board of Su
pervisors, who was fatally injured
in an automobile wreck Saturday
A" warrant charging Mr. Bryan
with homicide was issued by As
sistant Commonwealth's Attorney
Litton Gibson after an inquest ly
Coroner Nelson Podolnick today.
Bond was set at $1,000. The war
rant had not been served early this
afternoon, however, police said. |
Mr. Bryan ran to'his automobile
at the ponclusion of the hearing, ί
holding a newspaper before his face
—when rennrt-.prs and nhntnornnhprc
undertook to approach him.
Officer Joseph J. Howard testified
at the inquest that Mr. Bryan was
driving Mr. Morris' car when it col
lided with another vehicle on Route
123, near Vienna. He said when he
investigated the accident he found
Mr. Bryan had been driving on the
wrong side of the road and charged
him with drunken driving shortly
after the mishap. On this charge
Mr. Bryan has been free under $500,
pending trial originally scheduled
for tomorrow. It was reported to
day, however, that a continuance
will be requested.
Mr. Morris was nominated by the
Republican Party to run against
Wallace Carper, chairmon of the
Board of Supervisors, who won Dem
ocratic renomination in the August
Since Mr. Morris' death Monday,
Republican leaders have supported a
write-in campaign for the election
of Liele A. Smith, Democra*, who
lost to Mr. Carper in the primary.
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