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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 20, 1947, Image 1

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Congress Cool to Truman s Plan
*
To Pledge 4-Year Aid to Europe;
Marshall Calls Help Key to Peace
i _I
Annual Study of
Nations' Needs
Wins Support
(Partial text of President’s Message
on Page A-9.)
Sharp attacks from both Re
publican and Democratic ranks
today forecast rough going for
the four-year, $17,000,000,000
Marshall plan when Congress
comes back to work January 6.
Republican leaders — excluding
Senator Vandenberg of Michigan—
apparently were lining up behind a
proposal by Senator Taft, Republi
can, of Ohio that any formal pledge
of European aid be limited to one
year.
Senator Taft wants Congress to
review the program annually and
decide whether it should be con
tinued. This found favor with at
least one Democrat, Senator John
son of Colorado, who told a reporter:
“I am opposed to this Congress
committing future Congresses. I
doubt very much that we have
enough surplus food supplies to per
mit. us safely to export more than
half of the amount the President re
quested during the next 15 months.’’
Program Would Begin April 1.
President Truman, in a special
message yesterday, asked for a $6.
800,000,000 outlay in the 15 months
beginning April 1, when stopgap
relief for France, Italy and Austria
will end. He asked a total authori
zation of $17,000,000,000, including
the $6,800,000,000 appropriation, to
aid 16 Western European nations
through June, 1952.
Congress provided $522,000,000 to
send food, fuel and fertilizer to
France and Austria in legislation
approved just before the end of the
spacial session last night.
Approval of thus measure, gener
ally accepted as the forerunner of
the Marshall plan, indicated that
eventually the lawmakers will agree
to furnish some form of economic
aid to the 16 non-Communist na
tions.
Moscow Radio Ignores Message.
The Moscow radio ignored both
the President's message ahd Secre
tary of State Marshall's report on
the collapse of the Foreign Min
isters' Conference.
The morning Moscow broadcast
contented itself with detailing vari
ous factors of what it called “Amer
ican imperialism” in Greece, Italy,
Austria, Germany, France. Britain
and in the Foreign Ministers' meet
ing.
The British press generally com
mented favorably on*the President's
statement, but Lord Beaverbrook's
Daily Express devoted nearly a col
umn to explaining why it thought
“Britain should not become a bene
ficiary” of the Marshall plan.
The Express voiced the opinion
that Britain could work her way
out of her present difficulties, and
cited as another argument that “the
plan is presented to Congress as an
anti-Communist device.''
Reaction Divided.
In general, European reaction was
divided along the hardening lines of
East-West ideological differences.
A British Foreign Office spokes
man volunteered "a word of wel
come” for Mr. Truman's presenta
tion of the European recovery pro
gram and its conditions, terming
the program ‘‘a tremendous event
in the history of postwar Europe.'
He said tfce conditions “appear, for
the most part, to be those agreed
upon" at the Paris Conference.
In Germany, newspapers licensed
by the western powers hailed the
inclusion of Western Germany in
the plan as offering hope for recov
ery and peace. The Soviet-con
trolled press in Germany continued
to attack the Marshall plan as a
measure of ‘'enslavement of West
ern Europe by Wall Street.”
Most of the Italian non-Com
munist press praised the program.
II Tempo, a conservative independ
ent newspaper, said it would enable
Europe "to escape hunger and tyr
anny.”
Possibility of Retreat.
There was some indication here
that the administration might be
willing to retreat from the Presi
dent's request for approval of a plan
covering the full four years.
Senator Hatch, Democrat, of New
Mexico, a close personal friend of
Mr. Truman and .a strong supporter
"iSee FOREIGN AID~ Page A-3/T
Three Children Playing
With Matches Die in Fire
By the Associated Press
FORT SMITH. Ark.. Dec. 20.—
Three children who were playing
with matches while their parents
were away died in a fire which
razed their two-story frame home
here last night.
Charred bodies removed from the
ruins were identified as those of
Louise Banning, 9, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. Oscar Banning: Irvin Os
born. 2, grandson of the Bannings,
and Mary Jane Milan, 9. daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. Odar Milan.
A fourth child, 10-year-old Hilda
Banning, Louise’s sister, leaped to
safety from a second story window
and hospital attendants said her
condition was not serious.
Assistant Police Chief V. H.
Loo per said all adult members of
three families which lived in the
house were away from home when
the fire began.
Dr. Aranha Recovering
* RIO DE JANEIRO, Dec. 20 <VP).
Dr. Oswaldo Aranha, president oi
the last United Nations General As
sembly, was recovering today after
a brief attack of pneumonia. The
Brazilian diplomat became ill after
returning to Rio de Janeiro from
New York.
I / I
Russia Wants Relief Program
To Fail, Secretary Tells Nation
Declares Molotov Used Big Four Meeting
In London as 'Chance for Propaganda'
Truman Likely
To Sign Mild
Inflation Curb
540 Million Voted
%
For Stopgap Aid
As Congress Quits
By J. A. O'Leary
President Truman is expected
to sign the mild inflation-con
trol bill Congress sent him, along
with $540,000,000 for stopgap
foreign aid, before the legis
lators started home today for
Christmas.
In a customary last-day rush, the
House and Senate put the finishing
touches yesterday on both of these
subjects Mr. Truman had placed on
their desks when he called them into
session on November 17.
The President did not ppt all hn
asked for in either case, but fared
better on stopgap aid than on his
10-point plan to check rising prices.
The anti-inflation bill authorizes
Mr. Truman to seek voluntary agree
ments by industry and agriculture
to control scarce basic commodities,
to allocate transportation facilities,
and to regulate speculative trading
on commodity exchanges.
Devoid of Stand-by Power.
It was devoid, however, of the
stand-by power the President rec-:
ommended to restore price and wage
controls on a selective basis.
Although informed sources be
lieve the President will regard the
bill as far from adequate to hold
the line, they predicted he will sign
it because it continues his expir
ing'authority to control exports and
to regulate transportation. It also
reinstate his wartime power to
restrict use of grain for liquor.
Apparently unwilling to go home
for the holidays with nothing ac
complished on the inflation front,
102 Democrats joined 178 Republi
cans to put the "voluntary” con
trols through the House on the last
day. New York’s American Labor
ite, Representative Marcan^onio,
also voted for it. Voting against it
were 44 Democrats and 29 Republi
cans.
$18,000,000 Provided for China.
The final agreement on interim
foreign aid makes $522,000,000 avail- j
able to tide France, Italy and Aus- \
tria over the winter, and a token!
allotment of $18,000,000 for China,!
to indicate the United States is in
terested in checking communism on
both fronts.
This is $75,000,000 less than the
administration for Western Europe.;
On the other hand, the $18,000,000
for China had not been asked for
by the President, because the State1
Department was still working on a
program for China to be presented
in January.
Led by Chairman Bridges, the
Senate Appropriations Committee
ucciucu, xiuwcvcr, uie Dili sxiouia
include something to indicate to
the Chinese government that the
United States is against Communist
encroachment in the Orient as well
as in Europe.
provides Interim Relief.
The stoppage bill is-intended only
to keep the (economies of “free"
areas of Western Europe going until
the January session has time to act
on the long range Marshall plan, to
take effect April 1.
A substantial part of the stopgap
program is to provide food and fuel,
and this prompted Congress to
write into the appropriation a re
quirement tfiat wheat shipments
abroad must be watched, with a
view to keeping in this country a
reserve carry-over of 150.000,000
bushels on July 1.
The general Expropriation bill
containing the Stopgap aid for
France, Italy, Austria and China
also carried $340,000,000 to sustain
the occupied zones of Germany.
Japan and Korea for the rest of the
fiscal year. Here also, Congress
wielded the economy knife. The
Army had asked for $490,000,000,
and the Senate allowed it. A com
promise was necessary to get a final
agreement with the House.
The House 'accepted the final
draft of the foreign aid appropria
tion bill, 233 to 2, as one of its last
i See CONGRESS, Page A-37> i
(Text of Marshall Speech on
Page A-5.)
By Garnett D. Horner
Secretary of State Marshall
sees no hope for lasting peace-in
: Europe until the Western Euro
pean nations are rehabilitated.
He made this clear in a radio re
port to the Nation last night on
Russian "frustration'’ of efforts to
speed German and Austrian peace
settlements at the London Confer
ence of Big Four Foreign Ministers.
The Soviet government really did
not want to reach any settlement
because of hope that the European
Recovery Program would fail and
leave a political vacuum in Western
Europe. Gen. Marshall said in effect.
Another “very strong reason” for
failure to agree at London, he de
clared. was Russian determination
to keep a "stranglehold” on Eastern
Germany which "makes that region
lttle more than a dependent prov
ince of the Soviet Union.”
The London conference adjourned
Monday after what Gen. Marshall
described as “interminable discus
sions’ that were “but a dreary repe
tition1’ of what had been said pre
viously on the German and Austrian
issues. He admitted the "greatest
disappointment.”
Accusing Soviet Foreign Minister
Molotov of using the meeting “as
an opportunity for propaganda dec
larations,” Gen. Marshall said:
"It finally became clear that we
could make no progress at this time
—that there was no apparent will to
reach a settlement but only an in-:
terest in making more and more
speeches intended for another audi
ence.”
He pointed out that Europe was
largely shattered in the war. One
result was creation of “a political
vacuum.” Until this vacuum has
iSee MARSHALL, Page A-3.) !
21 German Diplomats
And High Nazi Officials
Face Nuernberg Court
Baron Weizsaecker Seeks
D. C. Attorney's Services
In Conducting Defense
By the Associated Press
NUERNBERG. Germany, Dec.
20.—Twenty-one former German
diplomats and high-ranking
officials in the Nazi government
pleaded innocent today to
charges that they committed
crimes against peace and hu
manity.
The defendants, arraigned before an
American military tribunal headed
by Judge William C. Christianson
of Red Wing. Minn., were accused
of marshalling German financial,
.economic, political, psychological
and propaganda support behind
Adolf Hitler's efforts to wage aggres
sive war.
The chief defendant, Baron Ernst
von Weizsaecker, former secretary
of state in the German Foreign
Office and German ambassador to
the Vatican at the end of the war,
asked for the services of an Amer
ican attorney, Warren E. Magee of
Washington, in conducting his de
fense.
Represented May in Trial.
Mr. Magee recently represented
forrher Representative Andrew J.
May. Kentucky Democrat, in his
conspiracy trial in District Court
jin Washington. He is head of the
[firm of Magee, Beedy & McGovern
i r.Uiv, _
(Mr. Magee is in Zurich,
Switzerland, having gone to Eu
rope to partciipate in the case,
his Washington office said today.)
Another American tribunal, hear
ing the war crimes case against the
Krupp armaments works, rejected
yesterday a plea by the chief defend
ant, Alfred Krupp, that he be given
the right to have an American at
torney. The ruling opened the way
for a challenge of the tribunal's
legality.
Weizsaecker claimed, as did
Krupp. that it was “essential” for
his “proper defense and fair trial"
to be represented by both American
and German counsel because the
tribunal and the prosecution w-ere
American and the constitution and
procedure of the tribunal invoked
both international and American
law.
The motion laid heavy stress on an
American constitutional guarantee
that every accused has the right to
j counsel of his own choice.
The prosecution maintained in its
answer to the Krupp appeal that the
tribunal was an international court,
and thus outside the scope of Amer
ican courts.
The tribunal, whose other mem
bers are Robert F. Maguire of Port
land, Oreg., and Leo W. Powers of
Denison, Iowa, made no immediate
ruling on the Weizsaecker motion.
Trial Opens January.
The trial, which may be the last
of the big war crimes cases prose
cuted by American officials here, was
set down to begin January 6.
Among the more prominent de
] fendants, in addition to Weizsaecker,
are
Wilhelm Keppler. Hitler's eco
nomic adviser trom 1932 on.
Ernst Wilhelm Bohle. chief of the
• See NUERNBERG. Page A-3.)
V/hattheRussians
Are Saying of Us
The Moscow radio, broadcasting to
the Soviet Union, said:
“The wave of American tourists
has transferred from Greece to
Turkey to Iran. Trans-Atlantic
businessmen, sleuths and corrupt
journalists, singly and in parties,
make interesting journeys through
! this country.
"It is not historical remains
but oil which lures American im
perialism to the Middle East. It
is oil that is needed by contem
porary American militarism. * * *
'Everywhere in the Middle
East, the traveler is struck by the
potentialities of the future. Nat
urally this ‘future’ is described
in the Stars and Stripes form of
United States colonial domina
tion over the countries of the
East.”
i 4
Jews Attack Village
For 3 Hours in New
Palestine Outbreaks
British Soldier Killed
In Flurry Between
Jaffa and Tel Aviv
By the Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Dec. 20.—A
“large party of Jews” in battle
dress and khaki attacked the vil
lage of Qazaza, near Rehovot,
early today, an official an
nouncement said, killing one
Arab and wounding another in
a three-hour assault.
An Arab boy was killed and sev
eral others injured when they set
off a booby trap in a recently
evacuated Jewish shop in Jerusa
lem's commercial center. British
engineers, fearing other traps, de
stroyed the building with dynamite.
Another flurry broke out in the
no-man’s land between Arab Jaffa
and all-Jewish Tel Aviv. A British
soldier w-as killed when Jewish
armed force men fired on him. One
Hagana source said the men mistook
his car for a vehicle of the Arab
Legion.
Two Arabs were killed by snipers
in the area.
The death toll of communal riot
ing in Palestine since the November
29 decision to partitition the Holy
Land reached 285 with the Middle
East toll standing at 406.
Arabs Have Definite Plan
To Assist Volunteers
CAIRO, Dec. 20 (A>).—Behind the
generalities of a communique is
sued by the Arab states Wednesday
there is reported to be a definite
plan to aid the volunteer guerrilla
bands on which many Arabs rely
to create such havoc in Palestine
that the United Nations will back
down on partition.
The Wednesday communique, is
sued after a long conference of the
heads of the seven Arab states,
promised a fight to the finish
against the decision to split Pales
tine into separate Jewish and Arab
states.
The volunteer bands will be com
posed mainly of Palestinian Arabs,
but under the reported plan the
Arab governments would permit
volunteers to join them freely and
would help them get arms and
equipment. Between attacks on
Jewish settlements and convoys, the,
guerrillas may be expected to puli'
back into neighboring Syria for -rest
and refitting.
Armies' Still Guard Border.
Regular Arab armies, by plan,
will continue to guard the borders
of the Holy Land pending the Brit
1 ish withdrawal of troops. About
that time, another meeting of Arab
representatives from Egypt, Saudi
Arabia, Syria, Lebanon. Iraq. Trans
Jordan and Yemen probably will
be held to decide what to do next.
Bloody communal fighting since
partition was voted November 29
'See PALESTINE, Page A-3.i
Class Hate Perils Foundations
Of Nations, Pope Warns World
VATICAN CITY, Dec. 20.—Pope
Pius XII declared in a Christmas
message to the world today that
class hatred threatens "to undermine
and overthrow the very foundations"
of nations.
The pontiff's 1,100-word encyclical,
entitled “Optatissima Pax" (“Most
Desired Peace"), urged Catholics!
the world over to pray for peace on
their holy holiday.
Mankind, the Pope said,* Wews
with sadness and trepidation) the
failure to secure the peace aftet the
vicissitudes of war. {
"In not a few nations—already
devastated by the world conflict! and
the ruins and miseries that , nave
been the dolorous consequence of
it—the social classes, recipijjially
agitated by bitter hatred, ti^Kten
with innumerable tumults any tur
bulences to undermine and 'over
throw the very foundation of the
states,” he said.
The encylical was issued in Ital
ian, under the Latin title.
%
I
"Those who, with a premeditated'
plan, thoughtlessly, raise up the
crowd, exciting it to tumult, to se
dition and to offenses against the
liberty of others, without a doubt
do not operate to mitigate the pov
erty of the people, but rather in
crease it and provoke extreme ruin,
aggravating hatred and interrupt
ing the course of the works of urban
life.”
Even as the encyclical was made
puolic new Leftist-led labor trouble
harassed the Italian government.
"It is incumbent upon all to un
derstand,” the Pope wrote, "that
the social crisis is sc great at present
and so danesrour for the future, as
to make it necessary for each—and
especially he who has greater;
goods—to put the common welfare
before private advantages and
profits."
The encyclical called 'or “pacifi
cation of spirits" and "mutual un
derstanding" to make way for “those
doctrines and directive norms which
are consentient with Christian teach
ings and the conditions of the pres
ent hour.”
Fire at Elkton Under Control
After Destroying 6 Buildings
Four Firemen Hospitalized, 100 Persons Routed
From Hotels, Apartments in Freezing Weather
By the Associated Press
ELKTON, Md„ Dec. 20.—Fire
destroyed six adjoining buildings
in the center of this famous
Gretna Green’s main street busi
ness district today and Bremen
said at 11:30 a.m. they believed
the flames were under control
after a five-hour battle.
Four firemen were hospitalized
and more than 100 persons were
routed in their night clothes from
two hotels and apartments in the
destroyed buildings, but no fatalities
or serious injuries were reported.
One 90-year-old woman who had
just arrived to spend Christmas
with her daughter and son-in-law
was carried from an apartment.
Icy streets and equipment, glazed
by water which froze almost as
soon as it was poured on the flames, I
handicapped firemen drawn from
10 nearby communities in Northeast
Maryland and as far away as Wil
mington, Del.
Patrolman William Binder discov
ered the blaze about 5:30 a.m. in
the three-story building occupied]
by the Janis Shoe Store. It appar
ently started in the basement there.
Mr. Binder quickly roused guests
in apartments over and adjoining
the shoe store.
Flames quickly destroyed the first
building and spread south into a
structure housing an automobile
supply firm and two apartments
and north into another occupied by
a chain grocery store and apart
ments.
Both these three-story buildings
were destroyed and the fire pushed
on north into the three-story Ritz
(See FIRE, Page A-3.)
Meyers and Lamarre
To Appear January 7
On Perjury Charges
General 'Welcomes' Trial
Where He Can Examine
Witnesses Against Him
By Robert K. Walsh
Maj. Gen. Bennett E. Meyers,
retired deputy chief of Air Force
procurement, and Bleriot H. La
marre, wartime "president” of a
Dayton (Ohio) aircraft subcon
tracting company, were co-de
fendants today, awaiting ar
raignment in District Court Jan-;
uary 7 on charges of perjury;
before a Senate War Investigat-i
ing subcommittee.
The 52-year-old former Air Force
officer and the 35-year-old Dayton
man who called him a “snake" at
subcommittee hearings last month!
were indicted on three counts each
late yesterday by a District grand
jury. Meyers also was indicted on
three counts charging he induced
Lamarre to commit perjury.
Bench Warrants to Be Served.
on them in New York and Dayton
today at the order of Justice David
A. Pine. United States Attorney
George Morris Fay and Assistant
United States Attorney Edward
Molenof said they would ask $2,
000 bail for Meyers and $1,000 for
Lamarre.
In Huntington, N. Y„ last night
Gen. Meyers said he had no state
ment to make “other than to say
what I’ve said repeatedly—that I
welcome any trial before any tri
bunal which will give me the right
to cross-examine witnesses and to
call witnesses on my own behalf.”
United States Commissioner
Charles Ozias in Dayton said La
marre would be required to post
bond Monday for appearance here1
January 7. Lamarre was not avail
able for comment.
Long Terms Possible.
Each of the six counts against
Meyers and the three against La
marre carries a penalty of two to 10
years’ imprisonment. The indict
ments were returned under the Dis
trict Code which fixes a stiffer pen
(See MEYERS, Page A-3.)
New strategy Makes
Western Union Strike
Deadline Indefinite
Calling of Walkout at
Any Time Authorized;
Peace Talks Renewed
By James Y. Newton
Leaders of three AFL unions
threatening a strike of 50.000
Western Union employes changed
their strategy today so the walk
out can be started at any time.
The change in plans was an-j
nounced by officials of the unions
as they went into another meeting
with company representatives and
Government conciliators designed to
head off the strike. The original
strike, deadline was set for 6 a.m.
Tuesday. The peace meetings are
being held in offices of the Federal
Mediation and Counciliation Service.
Adolph Brungs, head of the West
ern Union division of the Commer
cial Telegraphers' Union, said the
CTU and the two other smaller
unions now have left the hour for
the strike up to a union Strike Com
mittee.
Strike at Any Time Authorized.
“Right now, our Strike Commit
tee is authorized to call the strike
at any time," Mr. Brungs satd. “We
want to move out at a moment's
notice—suddenly and hard, without
any advance word to the manage
ment."
He said the telegrams giving no
tice oi the decision were sent to
President Truman^and to Cyrus S.
Ching, director of the Federal Con
ciliation Service. \
Af tVvn nniAn in WT o c V\ _
ington were summoned to a mass
meeting to be held at 2 p.m. tomor-.
row in the Annapolis Hotel, presum-i
ably for a discussion of the crisis.
Meanwhile 'the company made a
telegraphic appeal to individual
union members not to go along
with their leaders in event the strike
is called. The message emphasized
that the Taft-Hartley Act protects
non-sfriking union members from
loss of jobs. It pointed out that em
ployes who did not take part in the
CIO strike in New York City last
year retained their jobs. The mes
<3ee WESTERN UNION. Page~A^3>
Harper Again Named Judge;
Senate Twice Failed to Act
President Truman today gave a
second recess appointment to his
aid friend, Roy W. Harper, Caruth
?rsville. Mo., whom the Senate has
twice failed to confirm for a Federal
judgeship.
Mr. Harper, former State Demo
:ratic chairman in Missouri, is now
mi the bench, holding a “roving
judgeship" in the Eastern and West
ern districts of Missouri.
His nomination was sent to the
Senate during the first session of the
Eightieth Congress. When no action
was taken on it. the President gave
dim a recess appointment. Again
the special session was called the
President resubmitted the nomina
tion and once more the Senate Judi
:iary Committee failed to act on it.
The nomination will be resub
mitted when Congress convenes in
regular session in January.
i
A Christmas trip home ended in
tragedy for six University of Virginia
students early today when their car
crashed into the concrete side of a
bridge on Route 1 near Woodbridge,
Va., killing one and injuring the'
other five. All were veterans.
David B. Powell, 22, a former!
Marine, of Buffalo. N. Y„ was killed.'
He was a second-year student.
The other five students were taken
to the Marine Base' Hospital at
Quantico They were identified by
hospital officials as:
Stuyvesant McKinney, 20, Tuxedo
Park, N. Y„ in critical condition
with head injuries.
Philip Schuster, 25, Hasbrouck
Heights, N. J., who suffered a bro
ken jaw and head injuries, was re
ported in serious condition.
Army Quizzes Officers
And Civilian Employes
On Commodity Deals
Questionnaire Goes Out
Following Disclosure of
Pauley's Grain Operations
By John A. Giles
The Army, in the wake of the
Senate disclosure that Edwin W.
Pauley, special assistant to Sec
retary Royall, had held consider
able holdings in grain futures,
is in the process of questioning
some 40,000 officers and 2,500
civilian employes as to their
operations in the commodity
markets.
A questionnaire has been sent to
all officers and all civilians earning
$5,000 or more in the continental
United States, it was learned today
The Navy said that so far no
commodity questionnaire had been
submitted to its personnel.
Questioned Also on Information.
The Army questionnaire asked not
only if the recipients had dealt in
futures themselves but also whether
or not they had given any informa
tion concerning actual or planned
purchases or disposals of commod
ities by the Department.
Mr. Pauley told the Senate Appro
priations Committee he began dis
posing of his holdings at some loss
of profits when he became con
nected with the Army. He said
further, in a statement this week,
he had “never at any time in my
life used any Government position
or inside information not available
to the public for my financial gain."
Army officers and civilian person
nel were asked to report on their
activities during the period from
July 1, 1946, until the present date
a iic i|ueovi\/ixiiaii c oaiu uiic otauc
ments were sought in accordance
with a request made by the Senate
Appropriations Committee.
"You are being asked to answer
the questions because in the course
of your official duties you may have
been connected directly or indirectly
with the purchase and disposal by
the Government of grain or other
commodities, or may have had ac
cess to knowledge pertaining to such
transactions,” it said.
The questions asked follow:
“1. Did. you or any member of
your immediate family directly or
indirectly or as beneficiaries under
any trust or through any corpora
?See QUESTIONNAIRE, Pag^A-ii.)
Greek Guerrillas Attack
Town, Abduct 50 Persons
ly th« Associated Press
ATHENS. Dec. 20. — Dispatches
from Salonika said today that guer
rillas attacked the village of Drymos,
12 miles to the north, stripping the
inhabitants of theiiy clothing and
abducting about 50 persons.
There were no police or soldiers in
the village of 2,000, but one civilian
managed to wrest a gun from a
guerrilla and killed him. He then
hastened to the neighboring town of
Langadas. where he notified military
authorities.
Troops were dispatched to Drymos
and engaged the guerrillas in a bat
tle north of the beleaguered town.
A fierce battle also was reported
under way on Mount Dospat, north
of Drama on the Bulgarian frontier.
Sixteen guerrillas were reported
killed in that fighting.
Virginia U. Student Dies, 5 Hurt
In Auto Crash En Route Home
Harry P. Barlow. 3d. 23. Buffilo,
fractured leg.
Albert J. Matthes. jr.. 24, Rye,
N. Y„ and William J. Fowl. 21, New
York City, bruises.
Mr. McKinney and Mr. Schuster
were in their second year at the
university; Mr. Matthes was a third
year student and Mr. Barlow was
in his fourth year.
The State policeman who investi
gated the accident could not be
reached. R. S. Hall, owner of the
funeral home where Mr. Powells
body was taken, said the accident
occurred about 2 a.m.
Mr. Hall said Mr. McKinney was
pinned between the car and the
side of the bridge for more than
an hour before he was extricated
by the Occoquan Rescue Squad.
4
Anderson Staff
Listing 14,000
Big Speculators
i •
Names Checked for
Release, Possibly
Within Week
By the Associated Press
Secretary of Agriculture An
derson today prepared to make
public on a “let the chips fall
where they may" basis a list of
about 14,000 speculators in such
commodities as wheat, corn and
butter.
Backed by a congressional resolu
tion bearing President, Truman's
signature, Mr. Anderson told Agri
culture Department workers to get
the names together as quickly as
possible and said he may be able to
give them out within the next week.
He already had made it plain that
the list will tnclude the names of
Congress members, if any, as well as
officials of the Governnrent execu
tive departments, if any, who have
fattened their bank accounts by
large-scale gambling in commodi
ties during the upsurge in the cost
of living.
Anderson Speech Recalled.
Washington interest was whetted
by the fact that Mr. Anderson him
self, during a speech October 9 in
Chicago denouncing speculators,
said he could “name names" end
that “some of them are public fig
ures."
This was followed by Republican
demands that he hand over to Con
gress the names of any Government
officials who might have used inside
information to play the commodity
markets. Mr. Anderson insisted on
getting formal eutnorization from
Congress first.
He said the Commodity and Ex
change Act required him to keep
confidential the information he reg
ularly receives on large scale trans
actions, involving for instance 200,
000 bushels or more of grain, 1,000
tons of feed or 25 carloads of butter,
and other data obtained in occa
sional spot checks of commodity
exchange records.
After an unsuccessful attempt by
the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee to get the list by subpoena
ing Mr. Anderson Thursday, the
Senate passed the resolution he
asked.
The House followed suit yesterday
and President Truman promptly
signed it.
Will Check List Closely.
Mr. Anderson said identifications
on the speculator list will be
checked closely to avoid mistakenly
listing persons with similar names
who are not in the market.
The information will be handed to
the Senate Appropriations Commit
tee as well as a seven-man House
special committee set up under the
chairmanship of Representative
August H. Andresen. Republican, of
Minnesota to explore the whole
field 6f commodity gambling.
During the early stages of its in
vestigation the Senate group turned
up Edwin W. Pauley, friend of the
President and special assistant to
Secretary of the Army Royall. Mr.
Pauley acknowledged that he had
around a million dollars invested in
commodities -when he took the Gov
ernment job on September 3.
- Mr. Pauley insisted he had since
disposed of nine-tenths of his hold
ings and that he had been* careful to
avoid even being exposed to any in
formation about Army commodity
purchases, let alone using y, to fur
ther his operations.
Later Senator Jenner, Republican,
oi inuiana aeciarea wir. rauiey
bought 500,000 pounds of lard on the
market just before new export allo
cations on fats and oils were an
nounced. This prompted Alf M.
Landon. 1936 Republican nominee
for President, to call on President
Truman last night to dismiss Mr.
Pauley “immediately and forthwith.”
Chilly Week End Predicted;
Christmas Snow Unlikely
A chilly week end is predicted for
the District, but the Weather Bu
reau scans the skies in vain for
traces of a white Christmas.
Thermometers are expected to
dip tonight to 25 in the city, with
a low of 18 in the suburbs. The
weather will be sunny today and
tomorrow, with temperatures in the
high 30s today and the low 40s to
morrow afternoon.
Storm clouds now passing over
the Northern United States are not
expected to hit Washington, and
weather experts see no prospect of
snow here early next week. A ten
tative Christmas forecast should be
available Monday, the Weather Bu
reau says.
Yesterday’s mercury recordings
ranged from 42 at 12:56 p.m. to 28
at 10:48 pjn.
Fahey Quits Home Loan
Job; No Successor Named
The White House today an
nounced the resignation of John
H. Fahey as chairman of the Home
Loan Bank Board, after more than
14 years of Government service.
Mr. Fahey had sought to retire
since last spring. He, submitted his
formal resignation to President
Truman on November 29 with the
request that it be accepted at the
pleasure of the Chief Executive.
In an exchange of letters with the
President, he desired to return to
private life around December 1.
No successor was named.
Canada Extends Power
To Requisition Food
By the Associated Press
OTTAWA, Dec. 20—Parliament
last night extended until next
March 31 the government’s powers
to requisition farm products to meet
food contracts with Great Britain.
It then recessed for Christmas to
meet again January 26.
I

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