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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 21, 1947, Image 10

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Stopgap Aid Reduction
May Trim Shipments
Of Raw Materials
By th« Associated Press
The *75.000,000 cut which Con
gress made in stopgap aid funds for
France, Italy and Austria may force
a sharp reduction in shipments of
raw materials to those countries,
officials said yesterday, but every
effort will be made to maintain a
heavy flow of food.
The administration authorities
who made that prediction started
a round of conferences looking to
a general revision of plans. The
goal is to keep the non-Communist
governments of those three nations
on even keels until Congress acts
on the $17,000,000,000, four-year
Marshall plan recovery program
which President Truman submitted
Friday.
In opening the special session
November 17, Mr. Truman had
sought *597.000.000 to meet the “ir
reducible minimum’ needs of
France, Italy and Austria until next
March 31. The appropriation sent
to the White House Friday carried
*540,000,000. and $18,000,000 of that
was earmarked for China.
May Ask Restoration of Cut.
Among other results which re
sponsible officials saw as likely to
follow the revision of interim aid
plans were:
1. A plea to Congress at the forth
coming regular session to restore me
$75.000,000. if the restudy of esti
mates indicates the continuity of
shipments to the three countries
may be interrupted before the end
of March.
2. Difficulties from the stipulation
written into the appropriation that
the margin of wheat in this country
must reach 150.000.000 bushels by
next July 1. The working margin
for the current crop year has run
less than 100,000.000 bushels.
The appropriation measure went
to the White House only 12 days
before the end-of-the-year dead
line beyond which Congress was told
neither France nor Italy would have
funds to finance further dollar pur
chases of food. Shipments never
theless are expected to continue
without interruption. The appro
priation authorizes use of funds
to pav for cargoes already on the
high seas but not yet delivered.
Break-Down Not Fixed.
France was allotted $328,000,000,
Italy $211,000,000 and Austria $58.
000,000 in the original stop-gap esti
mates submitted by Mr. Truiftan
last month. Congress authorized
the entire amount but trimmed the
appropriation and earmarked part
of it for China. The lawmakers left
it up to relief officials to divide the
rest among the three European
countries. This break-down re
mains to be determined._
German
(Continued From First Page )
organization obviously was doomed
to dissolution
One Significant Party Left.
This would leave the Communist
controlled Socialist Unity Party
(SED) as the one political organi
zation of significance in the. zone.
The only other political party per
.. _ i — ;- 1 iVxorol Hnmr>
liii l -- --
cratic, which is small and practi
cally without an independent voice.
Kaiser and Lemmer had held the
confidence of other leaders of their
party in the Soviet zone despite
Russian efforts to unseat them.
They came into disfavor w’hen the
Christian Democratic Union de
clined to take part formally in the
recent Communist-controlled "peo
ple's Congress” in Berlin.
The "Congress” was staged by the
Socialist Unity Party during the
Foreign Ministers' meeting in Lon
don to bolster Communist demands
concerning Germany's political fu
ture. Kaiser and Lemmer took the
position the “Congress" was not rep
resentative of the German people,
as claimed by its supporters. The
"congress” named delegates to go
to London to present view’s to the
Foreign Ministers, but the British
refused them entrance visas.
The Russions told the Christian
Democratic Union they were recog
nizing Reinhold L. Lobedanz and
Hugo Hickmann, two members of
the party's central committee, as
co-chairmen of the party "until fur
ther notice.”
Palestine
(■Continued From First Page.)
was killed in the Hatikvah quarter
of Tel Aviv when a defense post
fired on an army armored car which
was "mistaken” for an Arab Legion
vehicle.
One Arab w’as killed and at least
two others were wounded when uni
form*^' Trws made a three-hour
rife k on the Arab village ol
Qazaza in the central coastal plain
near Rehovot.
An Arab and a Jew lost their
lives in Jerusalem. The Jew, a
policeman, was killed at the Allen
by Military barracks, a British in
stallation. An Arab boy looter also
was killed in Jerusalem when a
booby trap in a recently evacuated
Jewish store exploded. Several of
the boy s companions were injured.
Rabbis in Tel Aviv relayed the
appeal uie weno 111 nueu iaj
Prime Minister Attlee in London.
Elsewhere in the Middle East
Arab leaders continued to call for
resistance to the plan to divide
Palestine into separate Arab and
Jewish states.
In Baghdad Premier Saleh Bey
Jabr told the Iraq parliament that
Arab League decisions reached at a
recent conference in Cairo would
“defeat Zionism.'’
Syrian President Shukri Bey Ko
watly made a similar speech in
Damascus, calling on Svrians to
support "our brother Arabs."
Syrian volunteers in the Arab
“people's army for Palestine" pa
raded at Aleppo. Northern Syria,
where Arab demonstrators two
weeks ago burned two synagogues.
In Jerusalem Kemal Effendi
Arikat. head of the Arab Youth
Organization, Munazimet Es Sha
bab, addressed 200 group leaders on
the progress of arming and recruit
ing volunteers to fight the Jews.
Tuition Rates Boosted
EVANSTON. 111.. Dec. 20— (JP) —
Northwestern University announced
today its tuition rates would be
boosted an average of 20 per cent
at the start of the September 1,
1948 academic year. In most under
graduate schools the tuition will be
advanced from the present *400 to
*480. _
When the first gas plant was
built in New Orleans in 1835, it was
operated by slaves.
* A
JEWISH SUSPECTS SEARCHED FOR WEAPONS—British soldiers are shown frisking Jewish sus
pects for concealed weapons recently in No Man's Land section between the all-JSwish city of
Tel Aviv and Arab city of Jaffa, Palestine. —AP Wirephoto.^
Western Union
(Continued Prom First Page.)
, not “confirm or deny” issuing the
order. The Kansas City Star
| quoted a union official as saying
that the local voted Friday night
1 to defy the strike call and that the
unit's chairman and vice chairman
had lesigned.
Conciliators held closed-door ses
sions with union and company rep
resentatives here yesterday and last
night, but were unsuccessful in get
ting a strike-averting agreement.
The meetings ■were held in Labor
Department Building offices of the
Mediation and Conciliation Service.
Another Meeting Today.
Last night's meeting broke up
shortly before midnight and it was
announced that another session was
arranged for 10:30 this morning, a
few hours before the union's mass
meeting at the Annapolis.
Cyrus S. Ching, director of the
mediation service, took a direct
hand in the situation for the first
time when he held separate meet
intFc unfh Frank Bloom. CTU attor
ney, and W. D. Gaillard, jr., West
ern Union attorney.
Following last night's session, the
only ray of hope that any progress
was being made came from Mr.
Bloom who said:
"Mr. Ching told me that he
thought the Government at last
is making some headway with the
company.”
The conciliators themselves and
company representatives, however,
refused comment.
Mr. Ching. whose agency was
made independent by the Taft
Hartley Act. is facing his first major
strike crisis since taking office three
months ago.
There was no confirmation of a
report circulated among telegraphers
here that Western Union had of
fered a wage increase of five cents
an hour to its employes. The three
unions, CTU. the Telegraph Workers'
! Union and Telegraph Employes’
Union, are demanding 15 cents an
hour. They had rejected as inade
quate a smaller offer from the com
pany.
The three unions, meanwhile,
changed their strategy so that the
walkout can be started at any time.
The original strike deadline was set
for 6 a.m. Tuesday. The matter was
placed in the hands of a strike com
mittee. authorized to give the walk
out signal. That information was
sent to President Truman and Mr.
Ching.
Virginia Walkout Banned.
Many parts of the Nation also face
a Christmas with little or no tele
graph service. Leaders said they
expected that if a strike is called
it will be "98 per cent effective in
Washington and in most other
areas."
In Virginia, the telegraph workers
would be prevented from striking
by State law. In Milwaukee, officials
of the Wisconsin Employment Re
lations Board said they will seek a
court injunction tomorrow in an
effort to prevent a strike. They
contend a walkout would be in vio
lation of the State’s utilities anti
strike law.
Commenting on the Wisconsin
situation. Mr. Bloom said the union
'may seek a court order to prevent
| the Wisconsin board from "inter
fering."
"Well fight the Wisconsin board
all the way to the Supreme Court
on this,” he said.
New Jersey Considers Action.
New Jersey also has a statute
outlawing strikes in public utilities,
and Joseph Brophy of the State
Board of Public Utility Commission
ers said the State has considered
moving against the threatened strike.
The three unions represent West
ern Union employes in all areas ex
cept metropolitan New York. There
the company’s 7.000 workers are rep
resented by the CIO American Com
mnnipotinnc Accr\Motir»n Wnwevor
| the CIO union has indicated it
might join in a walkout, and William
Allen, CTU president,, hinted at co
operation between the groups.
| The company, through T. F. Mc
Mains, employe relations vice presi
dent, telegraphed an appeal to in
: dividual members of the unions to
stay on the job in the event their
leaders call a strike. Saying that
both company and employes "will
suffer great loss" in event of a walk
out. Mr. McMains told the workers:
"The law now protects an employe
against interference by either a
union or an employer In the matter
of an employe’s right to engage in
union activities. The law explicitly
states that an employe 'shall also
have the right to refrain from any
or all of such activities.’
Workers Promised Support.
“In the event an employe decides
to stay at work his job security can
not be interfered with by anyone
simply because he did not go on
strike. The contract with the AFL
states that- union fines may not be
deducted from the wages of em
ployes and, therefore, such fines will
'auction sales.
ADAM A. tVESCHLEB 4 SON. Auctioneers
—Attorney's sale of new diamond and
, sold jewelry, watches, etc. by auction, at
I Weschler's. 905 E st. n.w\. Tuesday. De
cember 23. 1947. 2 p m Small diamond
I rings, diamond wedding sets, diamond
and ruby wrist watches, man's wrist waten,
I longlnes Docket watch birthstone rings,
jetc. Terms: Cash. ROBERT W. BURTON.
I Attorney. Union Trust Building. —22
A k
not be deducted from wages* under
any circumstances. Furthermore,
the contract clearly says that no
employe can be discharged even if
the employe is ejected from the
union unless he was ejected for fail
ing to pay dues and assessments.
Failure to pay a fine does not re
quire discharge of an employe.
‘‘Loss of pay:
"The metropolitan division tele
graph strike lasted five weeks. For
the time on strike the strikers re
ceived no pay. The nonstrikers re
ceived their pay. After the strike
they kept their jobs.
“It's* up to you.’’
Union Officers Pessimistic.
Union officers were not optimistic
over the possibility of avoiding a
stoppage as they left the Govern
ment's mediation meeting during a
recess.
“We haven't received a single real
offer since we began negotiating
with Western Union on September
16—three months ago,” Adolph
Brungs, head of the Western Union
division of CTU said. "And it looks
right now like a strike is the only
answer.”
Mr. Brungs made the announce
ment that the time for the strike
had been placed in the hands of the
strike committee.
"Right now. our strike committee
is authorized to call the strike at
any time,” he said. “We want to
move out at a moment's notice—
suddenly and hard, without any ad
vance word to the management.”
Mr. Brungs said the definite dead
line had Been cnanged to an mnen
nite one because “Western Union
has adopted vicious unfair labor
practices in intimidating its em
ployes” in the dispute.
Unions File NLRB Charges.
The unions have filed charges of
unfair labor practices on the com
pany's part with the National Labor
Relations Board regional office In
Baltimore.
The union official said the charges
are based on “intimidation.” He
said the company is polling workers
asking if they intend to strike and
“insisting on a yes or no answer—
in some cases the company is saying
if tlje workers admit they intend
to strike that their jobs will be
filled Monday.”
Joseph L. Egan, president of the
company, contends that meeting the
union demands would cost $19,000,
000 a year, adding that would be
double Western Union's expected
earnings this year, which he said
included $5,000,000 worth of business
it did as a result of the telephone
strike in May.
The communications facilities of
the American Telephone & Tele
graph Co. are not affected in the
present strike call. But the Com
munications Workers of America,
an independent union of telephone
employes, had called on its members
to help the Western Union workers.
“Their battle is pretty much our
battle.” declared Joseph A. Beirne,
CWA president, “They deserve our
support.”
Special Army Prober
Reaches Germany for
Black Market Inquiry
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, Dec. 20.—The United
States Military Government said
today a special investigator lor the
Army Department had arrived here
to help in “investigation of certain
charges of black market activity.”
Judge E. Earle Rives of Greens
boro, N. C.i the investigator, con
ferred today with Gen. Lucius D.
Clay, the military governor, whom
he will assist in the inquiry on
loan from the department.
The MG announcement said the
charges had been made by “a for
mer employe of the Military Gov
ernment and the European com
mand whose contract recently was
terminated for the convenience of
the Government.” His name was
not given.
Unofficial reports were that the
inquiry would be concentrated in
the United States occupation zone
in Western Germany rather than
in Berlin, which is under Big Four
jurisdiction, and that the names of
some high-ranking officers were
involved.
In Washington, Army Department
officials said Judge Rives, a reserve
lieutenant colonel, had been sent to
Germany in the judge advocate
general’s department for the orig
inal puipose of checking on denazi
ficarion and war-crime prosecutions.
They said American personnel in
Germany had been accused of cus
toms violations as well as DiacK
market deals.
Later. Representative Winstead,
Democrat, of Mississippi, made pub
lic correspondence between himself
and Secretary of the Army Royall
on the matter.
Mr. Winstead first wrote that he
had reports that “a certain segment
of our military Government person
nel in Germany is engaged in
racketeering and looting activities”
and that he had “good reason to
believe they are true.”
Mr. Royall replied that “similar
reports have arisen in the past and
in many instances are found to be
without justification, and in a few
instances to be supported by the
facts."
“I believe that the present reports
will prove to be largely without
basis,” he said, "but i can assure
you that I am making every effort
to sift the data thoroughly."
In a second letter to the secre
tary, Mr. Winstead then said, “If
reports I have received are as re
liable as I believe them to be, the
situation is terrible.”
Pages' School Enacts
'A Christmas Carol'
Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol" was
presented by players of the Capitol
Pages’ School for students and
friends at. the Coolidge Auditorium
of the Library of Congress last
night.
A Christmas party followed the
play, which was produced under the
direction of Miss Elizabeth A. Ham
mond, teacher at the school.
the economic picture in Europe "ha*
been overdrawn."
‘‘People who have been there don’t,
see the complete collapse that has
been predicted,” he said. »
Taft Wants Export Administrator.
Nevertheless, Senator Taft said
he feels that economic assistance by
this country would be ‘‘very’ helpful
in creating conditions under which
these countries would be less likely
to go Communist."
Senator Taft said he thinks the
administrator for the giant program
should have control over exports
which otherwise would be regu
lated by the Commerce Department.
Many members of the Senate and
House were ready to leave Wash
ington when the President’s mes
sage was read yesterday, and they
will have an opportunity during the
holidays to sound out sentiment
back home.
For that reason the comments
heard in Capitol corridors two
weeks from now, when they return,
may throw more light on what
Congress will do with the Marshall
plan.
Firm to Distribute $100,000
Christmas bonuses totaling
$100,000 will be distributed to em
ployes of the Cherner and Shir
lington Motor Companies, Joseph
Cherner, president, has announced.
Distribution of the bonus will be
made at a dinner at 6:30 p.m. to
morrow at Hotel 2400.
Maj. Gen.
Hugh J. Knerr.
Maj. Gen.
Junius Jones.
Joseph F. Carroll.
FIGURES IN AIR FORCIJ SHIFTS—Gen. Knerr yesterday was
named Inspector General of the Air Force. The new office re
places that of the former Air Inspector, Gen. Jones, who was
transferred to McClellan Field, Sacremento, Calif. Mr. Carroll
was named chief of the Security and Inquiry Division, one of
three divisions established under the Air Inspector General.
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Sparkling cuff links and studs to
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Others to f7.50 m
ft
Air Force
(Continued From First Page.)
assistant to the commanding gen
eral of the AAF here.
Gen. Street, 54, born and educated
in Washington, is a combat veteran
of both World Wars and has served
more than 30 years with the Air
Force. During World War IX he
commanded the 3rd Air Force at
Tampa, Fla., the 2nd Air Force at
Colorado Springs, Colo., and the
13th Air Force in the Southwest
Pacific. In 1945 he became deputy
commander of the Continental Air
Forces at Bolling Field and re
mained in that assignment when
the CAF was designated Strategic
Air Command and moved to An
drews Field.
Carroll an FBI Inspector.
Mr. Carroll, 37, an FBI inspector,
has served with the Justice Depart
ment more than five years and at
present is in charge of the Account
ing and Fraud and Selected Civil
Service Sections. He worked with
Mr. Symington when the latter was!
Surplus Property Administrator and
called upon the FBI for aid in keep- ;
ing fraud out of surplus property :
sales.
Born in Chicago. Mr. Carroll was
educated at St. Mary's College in
Mundelein, 111., and Loyola Univer
sity in Chicago.
Col. Dillon, 48, is a native of New
York and served in Army military1
police and provost marshal posi- j
lions throughout World War II. He
was Army provost marshal of the
European theater. He was grad
uated first in his class at George
town University Law School and
was once an assistant to the Solici
tor General.
Crash
(Continued From First Page.)
of Mrs. Charles F. Atz, Hasbrouck
Heights, N. J.
Others injured were:
Harry P. Barlow, III, 23, son of
Harry P. Barlow-, II, of Buffalo,
who suffered a compound fracture
of the leg.
Albert J. Matthes, jr„ 24. of Rye,
N. Y., whose father is president of
the Machinery Liquidating Co., a
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Pajamas of
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Other Gloves, to $7.95
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textile machine concern in New
York. He suffered multiple bruises.
William J. Fowl, 21, the son of
Mrs. Henrietta Fowl, New York.
He also was badly bruised.
Taken to Marine Hospital.
All the injured were tal^en to
the Marine Hospital in an ambu
lance of the Hall Funeral Home,
Occoquan.
Mr. Powell, a second-year student;
at the university, was a former
Marine. His body was sent to
Buffalo last night.
Mr. McKinny, also a second year j
man and a corporal in the Marine
Corps Reserve, completed a tour of
training duty at Quantico last sum
mer. His parents arranged to send
the body to Tuxedo Park today.
Mr. Schuster is a second-year
student; Mr. Matthes is a third
year student and Mr. Barlow and
Mr. Fowl are in their fourth year.
Marshall Plan
(Continued From First Page.)
decided, so far as is known, which
branch will debate the Marshall
plan first, but present signs point
to the Senate as the opening battle
ground. The freedom of debate
permitted by Senate rules will give
the opposition more leeway there
than in the House, where the larger
membership makes time limits nec
essary on all major issues.
Although Senator Taft was not
ready yesterday to discuss detailed
figures on the amounts this country
should plan to spend on the long
range program, he said he thinks
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Fine sweaters, including Scotch shetlands
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Cotton or linen handkerchiefs,
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Special group of initials, 6 for $5
Robes and cocktail jackets,
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