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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 21, 1947, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1947-12-21/ed-1/seq-5/

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Cold Wave and Snow
Bring Threat of Death
To Needy in Shanghai
By Keyes Beech
Foreign Correspondent of The Star and
the Chicago Daily News
SHANGHAI, Dec. 20—Visions of
& white Christmas and a more
bounteous New Year may bring
cheer elsewhere, but for Shanghai
Chinese they portend starvation—
and death.
Events of this pre-Christmas week
certify that bleak outlook.
Shanghai had its first snowfall of
the season Thursday. The ther
mometer went down only to 37, but
the frigidity was enough to exact
a heavy toll of lives. By early yes
terday 70 corpses—60 of them chil
dren—had been picked up from the
streets, victims of the cold.
That figure was only half the
number of bodies found after last
year's first cold spell, but the weath
er man—who promises a white
Christmas — forecasts even colder
wcauici.
Fish Profits Enormous.
As if nature itself were not cruel
enough, Shanghai's fish market
operrators plan to wax rich against
UNRRA eftorts to increase catches
and lower prices.
New Year Day will be the signal
for the big squeeze play.
Tills cruel plot began when, at
the urgent request of the Chinese
movement. UNRRA sent out 126
modern fishing boats to help haul
in needed supplies of sea food. The
Shanghai flsli market, which has
fattened off the fish scarcity, was
horrified. To head off the UNRRA
fleet, the market operators promptly
put forward a fish-catch quota
calling for only five UNRRA vessels.
Officials Reject Proposal.
By this yardstick the whole China
coast would need not more than 10
UNRRA boats, according to private
calculations. In light of the ab
normally high fish prices, UNRRA
officials said the market’s offer was
"quite unacceptable."
All the UNRRA fishing boats,
happily, are in operation—now.
But the Shanghai fish operators
have not given up hope. They know
that UNRRA’s China office closes
up shop January 1.
The week's one bright note was
Mayor K. C. Wu’s fabulous relief
party for needy residents. All
Shanghai’s Socialist trillonaires
were there, some on tickets that
cost $100,000,000 (Chinese). The
affair brought in $570 000,000, Chi
nese money.
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CHRISTMAS COMES TO WALTER REED—A display of Christmas lights brightens the Walter
Reed Hospital administration building. Three 14-foot candles are the main attractions, one-in
the fountain opposite the main entrance and two on the portico. Colored lights on a row of trees
and in the building’s dome complete the Yuletide picture. —Star Staff Photo.
Reds Fail to Share West's Gloom
Over Failure of London Parley
Siamese Twins' Condition
rakes Turn for Worse
By the Associated Press
INDIANAPOLIS, Dec. 20 — Dr.
Donald Casely, Indiana University
Medical Center director, today re
ported some deterioration in the
condition of Siamese twin boys born
November 29 to a Bedford, Ind.,
woman.
The twins, born by a Caesarian
operation, were brought to the Medi
cal Center here and placed in an
incubator crib.
Dr. Casely said the twins,* joined
at the tops of their skulls, have
stopped making progres and are
again being supplied oxygen.
"Monday may tell whether they
slip on downhill or whether they
recover,” Dr. Casely said.
The father, Edward R. Speer, is
an accountant at the Crane naval
ammunition depot hear Bedford.
Hospital Drugs Stolen
The Garfield Hospital pharmacy
was broken into Friday night and
$322 worth of drugs and medicines
were stolen, Arnell B. Cook, superin
tendent, told police yesterday.
f in inc juuuiviny ui^fjuLVfL mz,
chief of the Associated Press bu
reau in Moscow, with more than
six years' experience in Russia,
sizes up the situation in the So
viet capital resulting from termi
nation of the Rig Four Foreign
Ministers’ Conference. Moscow
dispatches are subject to censor
ship.)
By Eddy Gilmore
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent
MOSCOW, Dec. 20.—Despite the
gloom in the west over the stale
mate ending of the Foreign Minis
ters Council session in London and
over prospects of future collabora
tion between the Soviet Union and
her war-time big power Allies, no
such pessimistic sentiments are be
ing advanced in Russia.
No commentators have come for
ward with anything like the sug
gestion that the international situ
ation is hopeless, or that there may
be no more meetings of the Council
of Foreign Ministers. On the con
trary, some commentators have in-!
timated that the Council of For-,
eign Ministers sessions are not at i
an end
But in the judgment of this cor
respondent, there is very little
chance that the U. S. S. R. will
abandon the position it took at Lon
don.
Despite the fact that Soviet, com
mentators and officials have not1
come out with gloomy predictions,
there seems to be no chance of a
rapprochement unless one or the
other of the protagonists gives in:
and there is no discernible indica-;
tion at this stage of the Russians:
changing their position.
U. S. Blamed for Breakdown.
The Soviet press has taken this,
position concerning the Foreign
Ministers breakdown in London:
The United States caused the
breakdown; the United States and
other western powers went to Lon
don with decisions already irtade;|
the United States counted on a
breakdown; Britain and France fol
lowed the American lead, and joined
with the United States in trying to
place the blame on Soviet Russia.1
Further, the Soviet contends that:
(1) it wants a free and independent \
Germany; <2) the United States does
not because that would interfere in
the plans 01 "Wall Street" ana "im
perialists and militarists”: <3> Rus
sia, because of her role in the war,
is entitled to full reparations from
Germany; (4) the Big Three at Pots
dam and Yalta once agreed to that
demand; and (5) the United States
and British newspapers reported
the London conference as if “on
orders.”
In general, this is a reiteration
of the position taken by Foreign1
Minister Molotov in his speeches be
fore the council.
The Russians express conviction
that the United States some time ago
decided that if she were resolute:
or ' tough” enough Russia would be
forced to compromise.
But the Russians call this an effort1
to dictate to or “bully” them, and
they give no indication of giving in.
Pleased by End of Rationing.
The ending of rationing and the
issuance of the new ruble, from all
available indications, has had an
enormous effect on the people. This
correspondent soon will spend his
seventh Christmas in the Soviet
Union and remembers no single
peacetime event which created such
jubilation.
It apparently has created great
respect for state planning among
the Russian people, who are well
aware that rationing still is in effect
in many countries and that in
others prices are rising or have
risen steeply.
It seems obvious that if wages re
main the same, if prices go down
and rationing goes off—as is the
case so far—that the Russian people
will think their system is working
pretty well.
Nevertheless, the end of rationing
and the revaluation of the ruble dis
closed some chinks in the Soviet
controlled economy.
Speculation Arrested.
The decree said the revaluation
was being carried out to combat
war-induced inflation and “specula
tive elements’’ (profiteers)—two fea
tures familiar to capitalist economy.
Moscow newspapers reported the
arrest of a number of persons who
bought galoshes and rubber boots—
reduced to a bargain price by new
government orders—and sold or at
tempted to sell them in speculative
deals on the free or black market.
Most of those arrested, the papers
reported, were “not working.’’
Komsomol Pravda, reporting on
how derationing affected one Lenin
grad family of textile workers—a
mother, two daughters and a son—
said that previously the total
monthly wage of 3,400 rubles for all
four workers was “sufficient prac
tically only for food.” Now, the
paper said, quoting one of the
daughters, “Every fnonth more than
one-half our wages remains for
clothing, shoes and other ex
penditures.”
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Self-Styled Buddha
Exposed in Rome by
Friend of Dalai Lama
ROME, Dec. 20 (NANA).—An
international faker who is going
the rounds of the world’s capitals
with a curious racket as yet un
specified is none other than the
self-styled ‘‘Living Buddba of Tibet,”
alias Prince Cherenzi Ling, alias
Prince Hooti-Hoomi. Naturally a
prince, whether Tibetan or other
wise, is always a welcome addition
to society, and fashionable Roman
circles gave the “Living Buddha"
a warm welcome, with a dinner at
the Chinese Legation here.
“Prince” Hooti-Hoonii, in fa<*„ did
very well for a few days until he
came face* to face w'ith Prof. Giu
seppe Tucci. the world’s authority
on Tibet and Buddhism, and who is
at present preparing for his eighth
expedition to the “roof of the world”
next February.
The “prince” and the professor
met at a party given by the “Living
Buddha” in Rome. For a time
Hooti-Hommi was in his strange ele
ment. Dressed in flowing robes of
vellow and maroon, with a huge
rosary round his portly waist and a
pair of sandals on his feet, and
surrounded by his “monks” and
"nuns,” he refused the food and
drinks while benignly urging his
gueSts to partake. Eager Italian
journalists asked him about his
plans, and the Buddha made vague
references, through an interpreter,
to the peace' of the world and the
need for men to love one another.
Tucci Friend of Lama.
Then a guest introduced Prof.
lucci, wno naa Deen sianaing u> one
side, observing the “Prince" with
considerable curiosity. Prof. Tucci
happens to be a personal friend of
Tibet's Dalai Lama, who is consid
ered the incarnation of Buddha on
earth; hence the professor's curi
osity.
“Welcome to Rome,” said Prof.
Tucci, as he was introduced. “I un
derstand that you have come down
from the roof, of the world. Shall
we exchange a few courtesies in
Tibetan?”
The "Prince" seemed to go a little
glassy-eyed as the professor broke
into a curious monosyllabic lan
guage. Prof. Tucci stopped and
waited inquiringly. The "Prince"
gulped, and little beads of sweat
broke out on his forehead. Finally
he replied with a few gutteral sounds.
Spoke in Hindustani.
Then Prof. Tucci spoke again,
bowed snd walked away. “This man
doesn’t know a word of Tibetan,” he
said. “He is an Indian. He spoke
in Hindustani.”
The newspapers and then the po
lice soon got wind of the hoax, but
j the “living Buddha” was ahead of
them. He next turned up in Milan
and went to the questura to get a
visitor's permit, this time as a Cu
ban journalist. He was in posses
sion of a Cuban passport, on which
I it was stated that he had been born
at Behara, India, in 1899, as plain
"Misrain Ling.” His application for
\ a permit was refused, and shortly
after the "prince’’ was heading for
I the French border.
Paris Buyers' Strike
Reduces Christmas
Sales 35 Per Cent
PARIS, Dec. 20 (CDN).—Strike
plagued France is now chalking up
a Yuletide number on its walk-out
Ust.
Without political incentive, com
pletely spontaneous, and supported
by all the Jeannes and the Jeans
who usually fill the shops at this
gifting season, this is a buyers'
strike, and it’s nation-wide.
But Paris, citadel of fashion and
haunt of the carefree spenders, is
probably hardest hit. Paris shops
are gloomy places in this season of
gayety. Christmas shopping has
dropped 35 per cent, even since last
year. And this despite the fact
that goods on display have almost
reached prewar standards of excel
lence and French creative talent
has surpassed itself.
Window Shopping Prevails.
The windows along Rue St.
Honore and Rue Royale have their
prewar fascination once more and
are a universal drawing card as
usual, but the 1947 holiday shopping
is the window brand.
Famous stores have outdone them
selves this year in providing the
newest in gloves, neckyear, jewelry;
small shcps have mushroomed;
dressmakers like Robert Piguet,
Marcel Rochas and Schiaparelli have
added frivolities to their staid salons
and are brimming with gadgets and
novelties.
But salesgirls in little stores and
top-notch emporiums are equally
gloomy. There just aren't any cus
lomeis. All the would-be buyer has
to do is look at the price tag and
then in his purse.
Price Schedules Broken.
The government fixed prices hop
ing shopkeepers might be controlled
through fear of “the inspector,” but
prices have constantly soared.
The shopkeepers have their own
explanations for pad business this
year. The rich foreigners won't
come here now due to money export
restrictions and fear of new strike
disorders, they say.
Then there's the "window black
out.” At 4 p.m., just when people
start out to shop, window lights
have to go out, because of the power
shortage. Nobody can see the beau
tiful goods they have to offer, the
merchants complain.
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